79: Pliny the Elder passed away.
1270: Louis IX passed away. To the Christian world he became known as St. Louis. Louis “despised his Jews” and he treated his Jewish subjects accordingly during his 44 year reign. Louis combined the usual greed of Medieval Monarchs with a religious zeal that gave a special zest to his ant-Semitism. To him, “the only good Jew was a converted Jew.” He is best remembered for putting the Talmud on trial, finding it guilty and then burning twenty-four cartloads of the precious text. Two years later, a couple of more copies of the text were found and Louis repeated the public burning.
1530: Birthdate of Tsar Ivan IV, known to history as Ivan the Terrible. In keeping with Russian policy, few Jews were permitted in Russia and those that came on trading missions from Poland were often treated roughly. In 1563 Ivan conquered a Lithuanian city (Polotsk) and gave the Jews the choice of converting to Russian Orthodoxy or death. In carrying out his threat, Ivan had holes drilled in the ice of the nearby river and shoved three hundred Jewish men, women and children to their death. Yes, “The Terrible” is a fitting title.
1613(8th of Elul, 5373): David Gans the author of "Tzemach David" passed away in Prague
1718: Founding of New Orleans, Louisiana. The first Jews came to New Orleans in the early 1700’s as Spanish and/or Portuguese traders. It is not clear as to whether these early settlers were “Secret Jews” and how many of them were open practitioners of their faith. There would be at least three major waves of Jewish migration to the Crescent City and the surrounding bayou communities. Prior to Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans boasted a vibrant Jewish community with a population that totals approximately 13,000. In addition to the various community organizations including the highly informative on-line Crescent City Jewish News Tulane University adds an extra dimension to Jewish life with its Jewish Studies Department chaired by Brian Horowitz.
1744: Birthdate of Johann Gottfried von Herder the Lutheran minister, philosopher and poet whom according to F.M. Barnard believed that “Jews in Germany should enjoy the full rights and obligations of Germans, and that the non-Jews of the world owed a debt to Jews for centuries of abuse, and that this debt could be discharged only by actively assisting those Jews who wished to do so to regain political sovereignty in their ancient homeland of Israel.” This stands in stark contrast to the view of Andrew Hamilton who said Herder saw “no continuity between (for him, legitimate) Old Testament Judaism and the Pharisaic Judaism of Jesus’ time, which he regarded as degenerate in form…For thousands of years, since their emergence on the stage of history, the Jews were a parasitic growth on the stem of other nations, a race of cunning brokers all over the earth. They have caused great evil to many ill-organized states, by retarding the free and natural economic development of their indigenous population.” (Once again we see that the Holocaust was not some aberration or an event brought on by the Versailles Treaty as apologists would have us believe)
1786: Birthdate of King Ludwig I of Bavaria who in 1829 commissioned a portrait of Nanette Kaula, the daughter of his Jewish royal agent, to be hung in his “Beauty Gallery.”
1788: Birthdate of Georg Hartog Gerson, the third generation of German-Jewish doctors who served as surgeon with the Prussian Army at the Battle of Waterloo.
1797: Birthdate of Danish poet and dramatist Henrik Hertz
1814: Birthdate of Jacques Judah Lyons. The chazzan, rabbi, and community leader was born in Surinam, Dutch Guiana. His parents, Judah Eleazar and Mary Asser Lyons, had emigrated to Surinam from Philadelphia in the early 1800s.
1814: During the War of 1812 the British returned to their ships after a second day of trying to burn Washington was thwarted in part by one of those downpours that Washingtonians know so well that put out most of the fires and headed for what they thought would be their next easy victory at Baltimore’s Fort McHenry. With no evidence to the contrary the “row of buildings…known as the Six Buildings” built by Isaac Polock, the first known Jewish resident of the District of Columbia survived to be used as office space for the Departments of State and Navy.
1819: Le Monituer Universel “published an article from Hamburg arguing that ‘the Jews’ were to blame for the violence” in the German city “since they had reportedly instigated the fighting by attacking Christians in a coffeehouse” which close “to an area of Hamburg where a high concentration of Jews lived.”
1824(1st of Elul, 5584): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1824(1st of Elul, 5584): Thirty-six year old Abraham Montefiore, “the lesser known brother of Sir Moses Montefiore” who “became rich as a silk merchant” before becoming a stockbroker and whose send wife was Henrietta Montefiore, the daughter of Mayer Amschel Rothschild and the sister of Nathan Mayer Rothschild passed away today.
1825: Uruguay declares its independence. Unlike other parts of Latin America, the Inquisition did not have a strong influence in Uruguay. Therefore, we find evidence of converso communities dating back to the 16th century and a true Jewish community in the last decades of the 18th century. There has been a continuous Jewish presence in the country since that time. However, actual documentation of the current Jewish community dates only back to the second of the 19th century.
1830: Belgium revolts against the Netherlands. Belgium gained its independence as a neutral Catholic Constitutional Monarchy in 1831 at which time it “officially recognized Judaism immediately. Brussels, with a more French influenced Jewish community, had a higher rate of assimilation, while Antwerp, influenced by Yiddish and Flemish, retained traditional forms of Jewish life, a trend that remains today. Belgium's Jewish population grew significantly after 1880, when Eastern European Jews began fleeing hostile areas and settling in Belgium.”
1839: In the UK, Baron Lionel de Rothschild and Charlotte von Rothschild gave birth to Evelina de Rothschild.
1844(10th of Elul, 5604): Áron Chorin a Hungarian rabbi and pioneer of religious reform passed away.
1846: A wagon train owned and commanded by a Prussian Jew named Albert Speyer arrived in Penol, Mexico where all 25 wagons were seized by authorities and Speyer and his party were jailed by the Mexicans. For the next six weeks, Speyer would petition the Mexican government to release him, his men and his wagons. The government finally agreed to the release provided that Speyer would replace his American drivers with Mexicans. Considering the fact that an American army had invaded Mexico, this did not seem like an unreasonable request.
1854: It was reported today that the people of Jamaica have collected $2,000 for the relief of the suffering Jews of Jerusalem. The funds have been sent to Sir Moses Montefiore who is acting as treasurer for the British based organization seeking to aid the Jews.
1857: The "News from Europe" column reported that Lord Russell would not bring forward his bill to change the oath so that Jews could sit in Parliament because it was too late in the session. He said he would introduce such a measure in the following session of Parliament.
1858: In Somerset, England, Edwin De Leon, U.S. Agent and Consul General for Egypt and Dependencies married Ellen Mary Nowlan, the youngest daughter of the late James Nowlan.
1850: Birthdate of James Edgar Martine, the Senator from New Jersey who was the driving force behind a resolution passed by the Senate in January, 1916 asking President Wilson to “set aside a day as Jewish Relief Day” on which funds would be raised across the country to aid Jews suffering in war torn Europe.
1860: Birthdate of Rabbi Joseph Silver who would be the first American rabbi to hold a pulpit in New York City
1863: During the Sherman’s campaign to take Atlanta, the 79th Indiana under the command of Colonel Frederick Knefler began to take part in the movement to outflank the Confederates by moving toward Jonesboro.
1865: Four months after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox, Frederick (Friedrich) C. Salomon was mustered out of the Union Army. Salomon had begun the war as a Captain. By the end of hostilities, he had risen to the rank of Major Genera (Brevet) a tribute to his skill, bravery and tenacity.
1867(24th of Av, 5627): Fifty-nine year old Levi Bodenheim who served as a rabbi at Hildesheim and Krefeld passed away there today.
1872: It was reported today that of the fifty-three delegates who had attended a B’nai Brith convention in Atlanta, GA, forty-five said they would vote for Grant in the upcoming Presidential election and eight said they would vote for Horace Greely. [This might come as a surprise to those who have tried to depict Grant as an anti-Semite.]
1874: Today’s “Foreign Miscellany” column, offered a summary of the life of the recently deceased Baron Anselm de Rothschild and his simple burial in Frankfurt.
1878: Today’s list of contributions to help those in the South caught in the grip of the Yellow Fever Epidemic included a $1,000 donation from Jews living in New York.
1878: In New York City, Hattie Collenberger and Lyman Bloomingdale gave birth to Irving Ingersol Bloomingdale.
1879: The Grand Lodge of the Southern District of Kesher Shel Barzel held a second day of meetings in Baltimore Maryland. The district includes 33 lodges in Pennsylvania, Maryland, South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana and the District of Columbia. As is the case with all such fraternal organizations, the activities are secret.
1881(30th of Av, 5641): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1881: The Young Men’s Hebrew Union is scheduled to host a garden concert at Washington Park this evening.
1881: “Anti-Jewish Agitation” published today described conditions in Germany where the Emperor has expressed his disapproval of “the anti-Jewish agitation.” At the same time there is reportedly a great deal of “apprehension” among the Junkers concerning a governmental “inquiry into the persecution of the Jews in Pomerania and West Prussia.” (The Junkers were the ultra-conservative landed gentry of Prussia who would have opposed the emancipation of German Jews)
1882: The body of 20 year old Elisa Blumer was found floating in the North River today. A native of Baden, the young Jewess came to the United States and move in with her step-brother David Wertheimer and his wife. The brother owns a successful butcher shop on Spring and MacDougal.
1883: In the last of three articles published in the Athenaeum concerning a scroll of the Book of Deuteronomy discovered by Moses Shapira, Biblical scholar David Ginsburg wrote “I have designedly abstained from making any remark or calling attention to any anomalies in the Hebrew text, as my report, which is to appear next week, will contain a full account of all the peculiarities of the manuscript and the conclusion I have arrived at about its geniuses
1884: Fifty-five year old Odo William Leopold Russell, 1st Baron Ampthill, the British diplomat who worked tirelessly to try and gain the freedom of Edgardo Mortara from the Catholic Church and have him returned to his Jewish parents passed away today.
1885(14th of Elul, 5645): Fifty-seven year old Marcus Kalisch, a native of Pomerania who served as a secretary to the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire and was tutor to the Rothschild family as well as the author of commentaries on Exodus, Genesis and Leviticus, passed away today.
1888(18th of Elul, 5648): Austro-Hungarian banker and philanthropist Jacob Noisotz who founded “the first modern synagogue in Moldavia” passed away today.
1889: According to some, Ohaveth Shalom (Lovers of Peace) the first Jewish congregation in Seattle was established today.
1890: Chief of Police Jerry Lordan telegraphed from San Francisco that Dennis Collonge, the man who falsely accused Galveston Jewish businessmen Sampson and Isaac Heidensheimer of arson has been arrested and that he will bring him back to Galveston, TX as soon as the extradition process has been completed.
1890: Today, the managers of the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children will provide a free excursion for 592 children and teachers from the Ladies’ Deborah Nursery, the Industrial School of the United Hebrew Charities, the Downtown Religious and Sewing School of the 19th Street Synagogue and the Temple Emanu-El Sisterhood.
1890: Thomas Abbot, who had been charged with assaulting Paul Ohlenhausen, “an aged Hebrew was discharged at the Tombs” today on grounds that he was insane at the same time.
1890: “Debarred Russian Hebrews” published today descried the efforts to overturn the decision by the Acting Superintendent of Immigration to bar ten Russian Jews from entering the United States among whom are 21 year old Moses Wolf, a jeweler from Odessa whose brother Alfred is a naturalized citizen working in Philadelphia and Jacob Cohen who speaks English fluently and whose cousin Isodor Burros who has operated a grocery store for eleven years in New York has a job for him.
1891: It was reported today that in Baltimore, “a large number of Hebrews are greatly opposed” to the “influx” of Jews from Russia. “Elias Rohf agent of the Baron Hirsch Fund has promised…that no more Russian Hebrew immigrants when bonded out will be allowed to say remain” in Baltimore “but will be sent” elsewhere.
1891: Birthdate of Israeli poet and author David Shimoni
1891: “The Pall Mall Gazette” said today “that the Prince of Wales is Taking great interest in the matter of the persecution of the Jews in Russia and in the condition” of Jewish immigrants “who are coming to England.” (Must to the consternation of his mother, the future King Edward numbered several Jews among his “circle’)
1892: As French authorities wrestle with an outbreak of Cholera, the steamer Galicia from Hamburg which arrived at Havre with immigrants aboard, some of whom were thought to be Russian Jews, was placed in quarantine.
1892: As of today, “nothing has been heard at the U.S. Treasury Department about the proposed departure from Harve for Boston of a number of Jews from Odessa who originally intended to go to New York, but whose journey was interrupted at Lyons because of the refusal of the steamship lines to take them to New York.”
1892: Birthdate of Sam Toubin, a Texas merchant who would marry Rosa Levin Toubin who wrote History of B'nai Abraham Synagogue.
1895: The list published today of the recipients of donations from the sons of the late Simon Wormser includes $2,500 to - Mt. Sinai Hospital, Hebrew Orphan Asylum and the Montefiore Home; $1,000 to Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews and United Hebrew Charities.
1895: Among the speakers at the dinner given tonight in honor of the English socialist J.K. Hardie, were Daniel De Leon whose topic was “Labor Movements in General and In America Especially” and A. Shapiro whose topic was “The Hebrew Labor Movement.”
1895: Among those Russian Jewish immigrants who are scheduled to be shipped back to Europe tomorrow because there is a fear that they will become “public charges” are 21 year old Moses Wolf, a professional jeweler who was met by his brother Alfred Wolf a naturalized American citizen who is employed by a company in Philadelphia and Jacob Cohen, who speaks English fluently and whose cousin Isidor Burros had already rented him an apartment and was ready to help him find a job.
1896: It was reported today that “Oscar Hammerstein has engaged a very strong stock comic opera company that will perform at the Olympic Theatre” beginning with a production of “Santa Maria” in September.
1896: “Convention of Jewish Women” published today descripted for “the first convention Jewish women ever held in” the United States which is an outgrowth of the Congress of Women held at the Columbian exposition in 1893.
1897: Herzl arrives in Basel prior to the start of the First Zionist Congress.
1897(25th of Av. 5657): Forty-five year old Albert Tobias, who owned a hotel at Far Rockaway, passed away today in New York City. A native of German, he came to the United States and leaves behind a widow and 2 sons.
1897: Birthdate of Paul Einzig, the native of Transylvania who earned a PhD at the University of Paris become moving to England where he became a leading writer on financial and commercial affairs
1898: A bank conference takes place three days before the opening of the Second Zionist Congress.
1899: Jules Guerin and some of his followers caused a stir when they tried to pass out circulars denouncing the Jews from the windows of the office buildings where they had taken refuge from police.
1899: This evening a reporter from the anti-Semitic weekly Anti-Juif was prevented by police from sneaking food into the Paris offices were Jules Guerin and his associates were holding out against arrest by authorities.
1899: Rowland Strong, an English newspaper man testified today that “Count Esterhazy confessed to him that he wrote the famous bordeau.”
1899: Today, at the court martial of Captain Dreyfus, Albert Gobert the handwriting expert from the Bank of France “reported on examining the documents in the case that Esterhazy and not Dreyfus wrote the bordeau” (Gobert is credited by some to have “the honor of being the first man to have declared in favor of Dreyfus” since he had identified the true author of the incriminating documents, a fact which the French military chose to ignore)
1899: The funeral, Aaron J Wechsler, the eldest son of the late Joseph Wechsler, who was a partner in Wechsler and Abraham and was a member of several Jewish organizations including Temple Israel, will be held at his home on 8th Avenue in Brooklyn.
1900: German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche passed away. Nietzsche was not an anti-Semite and did not condone anti-Semitism. His biggest problem with Judaism was that it gave birth to Christianity, a religion he reportedly detested. In Human, All Too Human Nietzsche derided the attempt to blame the Jews for all of society’s ills. There were Jews with many disagreeable traits and habits, but then this was true of all groups. He canceled at least one magazine subscription because of its anti-Semitic tone. He was extremely upset when his sister married a rabid anti-Semite with whom he declared that he had nothing in common. Unfortunately for Nietzsche, the Nazis misappropriated some of his ideas. They were aided in this corruption by Nietzsche’s sister who received a state funeral by order of Adolph Hitler himself.
1900: Birthdate of Arthur Kober the native of Brody who moved to the United States as a child where he became a successful press agent and author whose wife was playwright Lillian Hellman.
1900: Maurice Arnold de Forest, the adopted son of millionaire Baroness Clara de Hirsch, née Bischoffsheim, wife of Jewish banker and philanthropist Baron Maurice de Hirsch de Gereuth who was rumored to be the illegitimate son of the Baron was “commissioned in the militia as Second Lieutenant in the Prince of Wales’s Own Norfolk Artillery.
1902: Birthdate of German composer Stefan Wolpe and husband of American poet Hilda Morley, who found refuge from the Nazis on a Kibbutz in pre-War Palestine before settling in the United States.
1903(2nd of Elul, 5663): Jacques Nissim Pasha the son of a physician who became a Turkish army surgeon serving as director of the Central Hospital of Salonica and Medical Inspector of the Third Army Corps passed away today in his hometown of Salonica.
1910 Birthdate of Ethel Stark the Montreal native who “founded the Montreal Women’s Symphony Orchestra in 1940” and which she conducted until 1960.
1910: The Yellow Cab Company is co-founded by an Austrian born Jew named John D. Hertz. Hertz will sell his cab company to another Jew, Morris Markin the owner of the Checker Cab Company. Hertz will go on to find the leading car rental agency in the United States. The yellow in the Hertz Rent-A-Car logo is a reminder of the yellow in the Yellow Cab Company
1911(1st of Elul, 5671): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1911: Hilfsverein der Deuteshcne Juden sent a second donation of thirty thousand marks to provide relief for the Jews who have suffered losses in the fires at Constantinople.
1911: In Great Britain, Sir Phillip Magnus, M.P., resigned his presidency of the Berkeley Street Synagogue.
1911: In Montreal, the Hebrew National Society is formed to thwart attempts to convert Jews to Christianity.
1911: In the Polish section of the Russian Empire the Jews of Siedlce are attacked by anti-Semitic mobs.
1911: Six hundred Jewish families lose their homes in fires that break out in Aden while the Jews of Salonica suffer losses when fire breaks out at the library in Epoca.
1911: Ritual murder charges are revived in Galicia and Romania
1911: In Vienna, the Rothschilds donated fifty thousand Austrian crowns for relief of the families suffering from floods at Bukovina.
1912: “Tax Board Completes Hearings” published today described the meeting of the Camden (NJ) Board of Taxation where it heard requests for exemptions including one from the Hebrew Ladies’ Aid Society for the property taxes on 1139-41 Baring Street which was granted.
1913: In an orgy of anti-Semitism, Leo Frank was convicted of murdering Mary Phagan and sentenced to death. Though there was no real evidence against, Tom Watson, the editor of the Jeffersonian, used the fact that Frank was a Jew to convict him before the public. In this charged atmosphere, all appeals failed. In 1915, Georgia Governor John Slater, knowing that the trial had been unfair, commuted the sentence to life imprisonment. On August, 17, 1915, "an armed mob took Frank from his prison cell and lynched him. Years later a convict confessed and implicated the primary witness against Frank. The outburst of anti-Semitism that accompanied the Frank case was one of the prime reasons that the Anti-Defamation League of the B'nai B'rith was formed in 1913.
1914: Following a series of defeats at the hands of the advancing German Army which contained an unknown number of Jews, the Allies began a fighting retreat from the Mons in which Jews fought in both the French and German armies. To those on the line, this looked like the start of a debacle that would end much as things had at the climax of the Franco-Prussian War.
1915: Frank Moss, a candidate for District Attorney in New York spoke at a meeting tonight where “he denied the claims of his opponents that he had ever attacked the Jews” saying that “the Jews of New York now that I have been on the best friends they have ever had. They are making me out to be a Jews hater in order to create an opposition to my candidacy which would be very difficult to overcome.”
1915: “Pending examination of the whole question, imperial sanction has been given the decision by the Council of the empire to abolish restrictions upon Jewish residence in” most “Russian cities.”
1915: In Albany, Frank Mann of Brooklyn spoke “at length” at the Constitutional Convention as he expressed his opposition to “the proposal requiring a literacy test as a voting qualification” – a proposal opposed by Jewish leaders but a proposal which he opposed because of his large German constituency.
1916: The Italian government develops a plan for administration of the Jewish community in Tripoli.
1916: It was reported today that Gedaliah Bublick, editor of the Jewish Daily News said that “there are between 25,000 and 30,000 Jewish refugees of military age in England” and that “the Jews in this country could have no possible objection to a campaign in England to induce the Jewish refugees from Russia to enlist in the British Army.”
1917: Representatives of the Government and the American Federation of Labor under the leadership of Samuel Gompers entered into an agreement today for the adjustment of labor disputes in shipyards which, they believe, will hasten the settlement of the strike in New York, where more than 12,000 workers have walked off the job.
1917(7th of Elul, 5677): Parashat Shoftim
1917(7th of Elul, 5677): Fifty year old Judge Samuel D. Schultz of Vancouver, British Columbia, passed away today.
1917: It was reported today that the correspondent of German newspaper correspondent in Constantinople “the Presidents of various Jewish organizations in Turkey have issued statements that support the Grand Rabbinate’s declaration that “the Turkish have nothing to do with American attempts to separate Palestine from Turkey under the pretext of liberation.”
1918: In Lawrence, MA, Jennie (née Resnick) and Samuel Joseph Bernstein, a hair-dressing supplies wholesaler originating from Rovno gave birth to Louis Bernstein who gained famed American conductor, composer and pianist Leonard Bernstein.
1918: Samuel Gompers, the Chairman of the Committee on Labor of the Council of National Defense, has recommended to Secretary of Labor Wilson that medical examination of workers be made one of the functions of the Government's labor recruiting agencies.
1920: During the Polish-Soviet War the Battle of Warsaw which started on August 13 came to an end with the defeat of the Soviet Army. This victory insured that there would be an independent non-Communist Poland with all that that would mean for the Polish Jewish community.
1921: Samuel Gompers delivered an address to the Kiwanis Club of Atlantic City, NJ.
1921(21st of Av, 5681): Dr. Robert B. Patek who had served as a captain in the Medical Corps passed away in San Francisco.
1921: In Berlin, German and the United States signed a treaty officially ending WW I – a treaty made necessary by the U.S. Senate’s rejection of the Versailles Treaty which laid for the creation of the League of Nation which, with the U.S. as an active member might have avoided WW II and the Shoah.
1922(1st of Elul, 5682): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1922: Birthdate of Israeli violinists Ivry Gitlis.
1925: Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer, begins his tenure as British High Commissioner in Palestine.
1929: A large Arab crowd made what the official British report described as ‘a most ferocious attack’ on the Jewish Quarter. Within five hours, more than sixty Jews had been killed including many women and children.
1929: Fifty British troops arrived from Egypt to help restore order in Jerusalem. They arrived too late for the 31 Jews who had been killed, the 100 who had been wounded and the four thousand who had been forced from their homes.
1929: “Her Private Life” directed by Alexander Korda was released today in the United States.
1930: “Abraham Lincoln” a biopic produced by Joseph M. Schenck and with music by Hugo Riesenfeld was released in the United States today.
1930: “Abschied” a romantic comedy directed by Robert Siodmark and written by Emeric Pressburger premiered in Berlin today.
1930: “The Great Longing” a “comedy film” directed by Steve Sekely who co-authored the script with music by Paul Dessau and Friedrich Hollaender was released to in Germany by Deutsche Universal-Film
1931: Birthdate of L.A. television news anchor Hal Fishman.
1933: In Czernowitz, military authorities suspended publication of the Jewish paper, Der Tag, because it criticized the Government for not finding it possible to protect the Maccabee World Union's sport team.
1933: The Maccabiade, the international Jewish sports festival, opened in Prague. The participating teams of Jewish athletes come from fourteen different countries.
1933: In an interview, Czech President Masaryk, declared that the Jewish situation in Germany is not a purely internal question and will be discussed by the League of Nations.
1933: Testimony given in the magistrate's court at Jaffa. Palestine, alleges that Revisionist extremists had contemplated recourse to murder
1933: In Nazi Germany, the official government gazette, Reichsanzeiger, included German-Jewish novelist and playwright Lion Feuchtwanger's name on the first list of those whose German citizenship was revoked because of "disloyalty to the German Reich and the German people
1935: The agreement with the Nazi Government of Germany for the exportation to Palestine of seized Jewish capital in the form of German machinery was denounced today in the Eighteenth World Zionist Congress by Meer Grossman, leader of the Democratic Revisionists, a faction of the right wing extremists
1935: In New York premiere of “Broadway Melody of 1936” written by Harry Conn, Moss Hart and Sid Silvers who also performed in the movie along with Jack Benny.
1936(7th of Elul, 5695): Fifty-two year old Grigory Yevseevich Zinoviev “one of seven members of the first politburo” was executed today one day after being found guilty in one of Stalin’s first show trials aimed at purging all of those who might present a challenge to his dictatorship with a special emphasis on getting rid of Jewish Bolsheviks.
1936: “The Beloved Vagabond,” a British musical directed by Curtis Bernhardt who co-authored the script and music by Darius Milhaud was released today in the United Kingdom.
1936(7th of Elul, 5696): Sixty-seven year old Dr. Julius Tandler, the Moravian native who was a leading Social Democrat in Vienna passed away today in Moscow.
1936(7th of Elul, 5696): In Belmar, NJ, eighty-five year old Moses S. Margolies, “dean of the Orthodox rabbis in North American and head of the Kehilath Jeshurun Synagogue of New York passed away this morning at the Carlton Hotel in the presence of his wife, his son Hyman and his daughter, Mrs. Ida Newman.
1936: “The six-day session of the actions committee of the World Zionist Organization” which is “seeking to create a ‘united front’ of Jews throughout the world” concerning Palestine is scheduled to open today in Zurich.
1936: “At a luncheon of the sponsors committee at the Hotel Pennsylvania today the Mayors of three cities and other civic leaders pledged their support to the Palestine Maccabee-All Star soccer match to be played at Yankee Stadium in September.”
1936: “The Jewish Review, the organ of the Zionist Jews in German makes a considerable display of an article in which it ass the Zinovieff cased in Moscow is the best indication of the minor and subjugated role that Jews play in present-day Bolshevism saying ‘It is not as simple as it sometimes appears to make the terms Bolshevik and Jewish synonymous as is sometimes done.”
1936: Russian born American photographer Alexander Liberman married Hildegarde Sturm resulting in a short lived match that would enable him to marry Tatiana Yacovleff du Plessix Liberman in 1942 after having escaped from occupied France with her in 1941,
1937: A Christian Arab, Butrus Aranki, head of the Bir Zeit Local Council, was shot dead by an Arab assailant.
1938: The British authorities declared a twenty-two hour daily curfew in Jenin following yesterday’s murder of W. S. Moffatt, Assistant District Commissioner by Arab terrorists.
1938: The Los Angeles Examiner reported today that the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League (HANL) the “first American anti-Nazi organization that was not overtly linked to American Jews” and which was in fact a Communist front organization “came under attack from the anti-Communist Patriotic Sons of America”
1939: In Rio de Janeiro, Pauline (née Wolin) and Abram Brickman gave birth to the banjo playing Woody Allen collaborator Marshall Brickman, the husband of Editor Nina Feinberg.
1939: After being freed from a Nazi prison and stripped of all his possession innovate Jewish businessman Arnold Bernstein and his wife Lilli boarded the SS Neiuw Amsterdam at Southampton, UK as they made their way to the United States.
1940: In Chicago, the 17th Annual Convention of Junior Hadassah, the Young Women's Zionist Organization of America, comes to an end.
1940: This date marked the first British air raids on Berlin. The raids were a blow to Goering who had promised Hitler that the German Air Force would never allow such a thing to happen. According to some, the raids were in response to the German air assault known as the Battle of Britain. One can only wonder how Jews hiding in Berlin felt when the bombs came thudding down through the night sky. It would be another three years before the German capital would feel the full brunt of Allied airpower when the Americans began attacking by day the British by night.
1941: Birthdate of Academy Award winning screenwriter Arthur Brickman, the Rio de Janeiro native who joined Eric Weissberg for banjo duets during the 1960’s.
1941: This date marked a turning point in the fate of approximately 14,000 displaced Hungary Jews (forced laborers), now living in Kamenets Podolsk, U.S.S.R. In July, Kamenets-Podolsk was occupied by the Hungarian forces that fought alongside Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union. Beginning in mid-July, some 14,000 Jews, residents but not citizens of Hungary, were deported to Korosmezo near the Polish border. From there, they were sent to Kolomija near Kamenets-Podolsk, and turned over to the SS. By August 10, at least 14,000 Jews had been handed over in this fashion. Today the fate of these Jews was sealed in a meeting at the headquarters of the commander of the Wehrmacht logistics division at Vinnitsa. At this meeting, SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Friedrich Jeckeln promised to finish murdering the Jews whom the Hungarians had turned over by September,
1941: German military and civilian authorities meet at Vinnitsa, Ukraine, to discuss the fate of about 20,000 Hungarian Jews impressed into forced labor and interned at Kamenets-Podolski, Ukraine. Lt. General Friedrich Jeckeln announces that all 20,000 will be liquidated by September 1st.
1941(2nd of Elul, 5701): Fifteen hundred Jews are murdered at Tykocin, Poland.
1941: In Yugoslavia, 8000 Jewish residents of Belgrade are transported to Topovske Supe, where they are murdered.
1942(12th of Elul, 5702): Jews are locked in a church at Lask, Poland, and killed. Among the victims are a mother and her baby, who is born inside the church.
1942(12th of Elul, 5702): At Zdunska Wola, Poland, 1100 Jews are herded to the local Jewish cemetery, where all but about 100 are shot and beaten to death. Survivors are forced to bury the victims.
1942(12th of Elul, 5702): At the Treblinka death camp, a deranged, young Jewish woman is discovered hiding a small child beneath the bed sheet she wears. Camp guards shoot and kill both the woman and the child.
1942: Over the next four days Ten thousand Jews from Nowy Sacz, Poland, are deported to the Belzec extermination camp.
1942: Birthdate of Howard Jacobson author of the Finkler Question for which he won the Man Booker Prize.
1942: “Rose Laub married Lewis A. Coser, a fellow refugee who shared her commitment to socialism and who later became an eminent sociologist. The couple had two children, Ellen Coser Perrin, a professor of pediatrics at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and Steven Coser, a computer scientist.” (As reported by by Suzanne Vromen)
1943: At the Janowska camp, the Germans selected 24 of the prettiest Jewish girls, had a night of entertainment with them, and then sent all but one to their death the next day. The one was shot while trying to escape from the transport.
1943: Birthdate of Norman Geras, the native of what was then Rhodesia who became a Professor at the University of Manchester and was “one of the principle authors of the Euston Manifesto.” He is the husband of Adele Geras, the Jerusalem born author and the father of poet and author Sophie Hannah.
1944: Birthdate of Philip Anthony Mari Heald, the actor known was Anthony Heald who converted to Judaism when he married his wife Robin.
1944: Adolf Eichmann and his staff leave Hungary, effectively ending Nazi deportations of Hungarian Jews.
1944: After an eighteen day ordeal, Denise Bloch, a Jewish member of the SOE and fellow agent Violette Szabo who were shackled together arrived at Ravensbruck.
1944: Paris was liberated by the allied armies after four years of Nazi occupation. For the Jews left in Paris, the Holocaust was over.
1944: Jewish resistance fighters joined the battles against the Germans in their quest for liberation of Lyon.
1944: German troops massacred 124 of Maille’s (France) 500 residents and then razed the town in what would be the second worst German atrocity in occupied France.
1945: Jewish immigrants were permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine.
1948: “Lou Herman, the well-known tenor from Toronto – and son of cantor from Montreal,entertained at the Rotary luncheon in Huntsville, Ontario.
1949: At Rambam Hospital in Haifa, Israel, Feri Witz, a Hungarian born carpenter and Holocaust survivor Flora “Florence” Klein (Kovacs) gave birth to Chairm Wizt who gained fame as rock star Gene Simmons.
1949: “Ma'agan Michael was founded today by a group consisting of 154 members and 44 children who had joined together in 1942, most of whom were members of the Hebrew Scouts. It was named Ma'agan (anchorage) due to the intent of its first settlers of using the land to make a living from the sea, and Michael in honor of Michael Polak, who donated money to the Palestine Immigrant Colonization Association (PICA).”
1951: Ten days after premiering in Philadelphia “His Kind of Woman” directed by Richard Fleischer was released in the rest of the United States by RKO.
1952: The Knesset voted down the Mapam and Communist proposal designed to bar foreign companies from oil prospecting in Israel.
1954: Publication of Motivation and Personality by Abraham Maslow.
1955: The Martin and Lewis comedy “You’re Never Too Young” directed by Norman Taurog with music by Walter Scharf was distributed in the United States by Paramount Pictures.
1960: The Zionist Organization of America opens its sixty-third annual convention and hears an address by Senator John F. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee for President.
1966: Gene Klein and Sam Schulman “led a group of investors who purchased the San Diego Chargers for $10 million, at the time, a record price for a National Football League franchise.”
1967(19th of Av, 5727: Actor Paul Muni passed away. Born Meshilem Meier Weisenfreund in Galicia (a Polish province in the Austro-Hungarian Empire) in 1895, Muni immigrated to the United States with his parents who were well-known performers in the Yiddish Theatre. After getting his start in the Yiddish Theatre Muni moved on to the Broadway Stage and Hollywood. Muni was one of those stars who submerged himself in the role so the viewer focused on the character being portrayed and not the star. This enabled him to play the leads in films as varied as Scarface, I Am Fugitive from a Chain Gang, The Life of Emile Zola and The Storey of Louis Pasteur. Muni was nominated for several best actor Oscars winning one in 1937. He later returned to the stage where he earned a Tony nomination for his portrayal of Henry Drummond in the stage hit Inherit the Wind.
1967: Johen Patler, a former neo-Nazi shot and killed George Lincoln Rockwell the head of the American Nazi Party while he was leaving a laundromat in Arlington, VA.
1969(11th of Elul, 5729): Two Jews were publicly hanged in Iraq after being accused of spying for Israel. The public rejoiced at the execution.
1975: “Born to Run” co-produced by Mike Appel and Jon Landau and featuring Max Weinberg on drums was released today.
1975: “Anatoly Malkin, a 20 year old Jewish student of metallurgy, charged in Moscow with evading military service after applying for an exit visa to Israel was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment.”
1977: The Palestine Liberation Organization’s Central Council declared that it had no plans to discuss UN Resolution 242 or Israel’s right to exist.
1977: Three people including two children were injured today when a bomb went off in a trash can in Netanya.
1977: During his visit to Romania, Prime Minister Menachem Begin vigorously defended attacks on his government and clashed with his hosts by claiming that the Six Day War had been a war of defense and that the PLO wanted to annihilate the Jewish state. Romania was the only Communist-Bloc state not to break relations with Israel after the Six Day War.
1977: The U.S. Justice Department begins charges seeking to revoke former Nazi Concentration Camp Guard John Demjanjuk's citizenship and deport him.
1979: After 85 performances, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of the Madwoman of Central Park West a semi-autobiographical one-woman musical with a book by Arthur Laurents and Phyllis Newman and songs by various composers and lyricists” including Leonard Bernstein, Barry Manlow, Adolph Green, Stephen Sondheim and Ed Kleban
1981: In Los Angeles Danny Bilson, a Jewish “writer, director and producer” and Janice Stango who was Catholic gave birth to actress Rachel Sarah Bilson
1982: Murray Wiedenbaum finished his term as Chairperson of the Council of Economic Advisors – a position that would be filled next by Martin Feldstein
1983: Today was Leonard Bernstein Day in Lawrence, Mass
1984(27th of Av, 5744): Eighty-nine year old Henry Lynn, the Polish born American known for producing, directing and writing for the Yiddish cinema.
1988: Leonard Bernstein’s 3 day 70th Birthday Celebration began with an international telecast from Tanglewood.
1988: “The Thin Blue Line” a documentary directed by Errol Morris with music by Philip Glass was released today in the United States.
1989: “Heart of Dixie” featuring Peter Berg was released in the United States today by Orion Pictures.
1993(8th of Elul, 5753): Ninety four year old Lawrence Kadoorie, Baron Kadoorie, a member of the famed clan of Jews from Baghdad and Bombay who gained fame and fortune as businessmen and philanthropist in the Orient.
1994: Seventy-eight year old Dana Schmidt who covered the Middle East for the NY Times for the better part of three decades including the siege of Jerusalem in 1948 passed away today
1991: Ninety-one year old German actress Camilla Spira whose father, the actor Fritz Spira “died in the Ruma concentration camp” passed away today in Berlin.
1994: ABC broadcast the first episode of “My So-Called Life” an American teen drama television series created by Winnie Holzman and produced by Edward Zwick and Marshall Herskovitz.”
1999: Rabbi Murray Erzing is scheduled to officiate at the funeral of 99 year old Sidney Levin at Temple Israel in Charlotte, NC followed by interment at Hebrew Cemetery.
1999(13th of Elul, 5759): Seventy-three year old Oscar nominated screenwriter Norman Wexler passed away today.
2000(24th of Av, 5760): Seventy-one year old Peter Swerling an engineer who specialized in the development of various forms of radar who was advised by Einstein as a child passed away today.
2001: “Fosse,” a musical review that included songs that Richard Adler and Jerry Ross had originally written for “Damn Yankees” and “The Pajama Game” which had opened in 1999 had its final performance.
2001(6th of Elul, 5761): Turkish businessman Uzeyir Garih, the co-founder of Alarko Holding was stabbed to death to death today in Istanbul where his funeral took place at the Neve Shalom Synagogue followed by interment at the Ulus Sephardi Jewish Cemetery.
2001(6th of Elul, 5761): Sharon Ben-Shalom (26), Yaniv Ben-Shalom (27), Doron Sviri (20), were murdered by terrorists who “opened fire on their car” outside of Jerusalem
2001: Squirtle Squirt, a thoroughbred horse for which David Lanzman had paid $25,000 at the Barretts Auction in 2000 won the Grade I King's Bishop Stakes
2002: The Sunday New York Times book section features reviews Blood of Victory by Jewish author Alan Furst, The Judges by Elie Weisel and Defying Hitler: A Memoir by Sebastian Haffner who was not Jewish but whose future wife was and whose life demonstrates that Germans had a choice
2005: The Red Sea Jazz Festival comes to an end.
2005: Matan Vilnai begins serving as Science and Technology Minister.
2005: Effi Eitam was quoted as explaining that the reason there was no violence during the withdrawal from Gaza was as a result of self-restraint on the part of the Jewish settlers and not because of any fear of the forces that surrounded them.
2005: Israeli newspapers reported that an Arab attacker wielding a large kitchen knife stabbed a British yeshiva student to death and seriously wounded an American classmate in Jerusalem's Old City.
2006(1st of Elul, 5766): Rosh Chodesh Elul
2006: The London Stock Exchange announced that Randolph David Lerner had become the majority stockholder for the Aston Villa Football Club giving the Jewish businessman an interest in both the English and American versions of “football.”
2006: “How to Eat Fried Worms” a comedy featuring Hallie Kate Eisenberg and Alexander Gould was released today in the United States.
2006(1st of Elul, 5766): Dr. Gail Greenberg Shapiro passed away at the age of 59 in Seattle. She was a pediatric allergist who helped develop widely used standards for managing childhood asthma
2006: It was reported today that in an effort to upgrade Israel's preparedness for a possible confrontation with Iran, Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Dan Halutz has appointed Israel Air Force Commander Major General Elyezer Shkedy as the IDF's "campaign manager" against countries that do not border on Israel - primarily Iran.
2007: Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, hosts its annual Congregational Picnic and “Havdalah Under the Stars Ceremony.”
2008(24th of Menachem Av, 5678): Ninety-eight year old Israeli composer Josef Tal passed away today in Jerusalem.
2008: In “Not So Funny,” appearing in Time magazine, Joel Stein described Democrat Al Franken’s campaign for the seat of Norm Coleman, the U.S. Senator from Minnesota. Stein, who has written about the impact of his Jewish grandmother on the upcoming Presidential elections, was able to write this two page article without mentioning the fact that both candidates are Jewish, a fact that is doubly unusual given the small size of the Jewish community in the state.
2008: Palestinian Authority terrorists launched two rockets at Jewish communities in the western Negev today.
2008: Ayelet Waldman, a supporter of Barak Obama, was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention which opened today.
2008: Close to 200 terrorists, including two who had murdered Jews, were freed today in another "goodwill gesture" to the PA by Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
2008(24 Menachem Av 5768): Upshernish (inaugural hair-cutting ceremony) of Yosef “Yossi” Ciment, son Rabbi Pinchas and Mrs. Estie Ciment, a couple that epitomizes the term “Lamplighters.”
2009: Publication date for Madoff’s Other Secret: Love Money, Bernie and Me by Sheryl Weinstein former chief financial officer at Hadassah who claims in the book that she had an affair with Bernard Madoff.
2009: In an a unique attempt to help people prepare for the High Holidays and raise funds Fairfax, VA’s Congregation Olam Tikvah hosts the first day of its annual Women's Hat Sale.
2009: Gaza militants fired two mortar shells at the western Negev, which landed near an Israel Defense Forces base.
2009: Elbit Systems Ltd. is an Israel-based international defense electronics company reached traded at $70.69 per share on the NASDAQ, quite a gain from its initial price of $7.75.
2010: At Congregation Beth Ahm in West Bloomfield, Michigan, Nancy Kaplan, Ritual Assistant to Rabbi Steven Rubenstein is scheduled to facilitate a discussion as part of "Jewish Intellectual History, 16th to 20th Century," a 24-part lecture series by Prof. David B. Ruderman, presented on DVD.
2010: Today, the state charged Moshe Rips, the former director-general of Keren Or – The Jerusalem Center for Blind Children with Multiple Disabilities, with stealing close to NIS 4 million over a period of 20 years.
2010: “IG Port, the parent company of the anime studios Production I.G and Xebec, announced today that film producer Avi Arad has been installed as chairperson of Production I.G's American affiliate, Production I.G., LLC
2010: One week after Martin Dannenberg's death, The Huntington Library donated “an original four-page copy of the Nuremberg Laws signed by Adolf Hitler in September 1935”to the United States National Archives, which plans to put it on display in Washington, D.C. in advance of the 75th anniversary of the enactment of the Nuremberg Laws
2011: In a case of what might be called Jocks for Judaism, in New York, the 2011 B’nai Jeshurun Softball season which began on April 28 is scheduled to come to an end
2011: The Jerusalem Theatre’s fifth annual End of the Summer Celebration is scheduled to come to an end tonight.
2011(25th of Av, 5771): Ninety-five year old Jewish-American archivist and records manager Seymour J. Pomrenze, one of the Monuments Men, passed away today.
2011: A renewed barrage of rockets hit Israel's south overnight, prompting Israel Defense Forces planes to carry out strikes on the Gaza Strip this morning, killing eight and wounding about 20, according to Palestinian reports.
2011: China's Foreign Ministry said in a statement today that Wu Sike, its special envoy on the Middle East, told Palestinian leaders in a meeting in Ramallah that Beijing and the Chinese people have always supported the Palestinian cause.
2011: Hours after Palestinian sources reported that the IAF killed two Islamic Jihad operatives in the Gaza Strip, the terrorist group vowed to extend the range of their rocket capabilities, sending projectiles deeper into Israeli territory, Israel Radio reported today.
2012: Comedian Michael Aronin is scheduled to perform at fundraiser for the Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia Special Needs Program.
2012: In Tel Aviv, the 10th annual Oud Festival comes to an end.
2012(7th of Elul, 5772): Eighty seven year old Robert Kotlowitz – novelist, editor and public television executive – passed away today. (As reported by Paul Vitello)
2012: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform at the Lorton Workhouse Arts Center
2013: “Whose Blood is Redder” a discussion on medical ethics is scheduled to take place at South Head Synagogue, Rose Bay.
2013: Professor Dan MIchman is scheduled to give a lecture entitled “The Amazing History of Yad Vashem” at the University of Sydney.
2013: In London the Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to host “Family History Day.”
2013: The International Summer Course of the Academy for Strings, Voice and Chamber Music is scheduled to open today.
2013: “A typing error caused the value of one of Israel’s largest companies to instantly drop over 99% in value today, dragging the Tel Aviv stock exchange down several points before the mistake was discovered and fixed. (As reported by Stuart Winer)
2013: The 16th annual Hungarian Jewish Festival opens in Budapest. (As reported by Renee Ghert Zand)
2014: In Little Rock, AR Upshernish for Moshe Ciment, the son of Rabbi and Mrs. Pinchas Ciment who have brought the light of Yiddishkeit to a “dark corner” of the world.
2014: Steve Wozniak one of the co-founders of Apple who arrived in Israel over the weekend will attend Eduaction, a conference on all things educational sponsored by Mifal HaPayis (the Israel Lottery) that is scheduled to open today in Holon, South of Tel Aviv. (As reported by David Shamah)
2014: “A poll released this evening showed a massive drop in the Israeli public’s opinion of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s performance, as well as dissatisfaction with the way the government is handling the needs of southern communities battered by rocket fire from the Gaza Strip”.
2014: “The Bank of Israel Monetary Committee today cut the interest rate to its lowest-ever level, unexpectedly halving it to .25 percent against the backdrop of disappointing economic growth at home, low inflation, a still-limp recovery in Europe and the ongoing war with Hamas in Gaza.” (As reported by Niv Ellis)
2014: “Two rockets were fired into Israel by Lebanese militants, prompting rocket sirens in towns along the border late today, including in the cities of Kiryat Shmona and Metula.” (JPost)
2014: “At approximately 6 p.m. this evening Gaza terrorists launched a particularly ferocious mortar barrage on the Sedot Negev and Sha'ar Hanegev Regional Council areas. A full 20 mortar shells peppered the Israeli communities in the course of a mere ten minutes - miraculously no injuries were inflicted by the onslaught.” (As reported by Benny Moshe, Ari Yashar and Tova Dvorin)
2015: In Jerusalem “Go North Picnic – Nefesh bNefesih” is scheduled to begin at four this afternoon.
2015: Jerusalem chefs are scheduled to lead a “culinary discovery of Shuk Mahane Yehuda.”
2015: ‘Hussein Sheikholeslam, a foreign affairs adviser to parliament speaker Ali Larijani” said today “Our positions against the usurper Zionist regime have not changed at all; Israel should be annihilated and this is our ultimate slogan” meaning “that the thawing relations with the West would not translate into a shift in Tehran’s position concerning the Jewish state.”
2016: In Coralville, IA, The Agudas Achim Book Group is scheduled to discuss They May Not Mean To, But They Do by Cathleen Shine
2016: Avi Wisinia, the grandson of Holocaust survivor Canto David Wisnia is scheduled to perform at Grounds for Sculpture.
2016: At Temple Israel in Memphis, TN, to host “Music Sharing for Adults” led by Abbie Straus.
2016: Jaffa native Shai Tsabari, the son of a Yemenite cantor and The Middle East Groove All Stars are scheduled to perform at the Skirball Center in Los Angeles.
2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host an advanced screening of “A Tale of Love and Darkness” directed by Natalie Portman which is “based on the memories of Amos Oz growing up in Jerusalem in the years before Israeli statehood.”