Sunday, September 19, 2021

This Day, September 20, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

September 20

357 B.C.E.: Birthdate of Alexander the Great.  Alexander's eastern conquests would bring the Jews in contact with Greek Culture.  The conflict between Greek and Jewish values would become a dominant motif in Jewish history over the next several centuries.  The Jewish view of Alexander was positive, if somewhat idealized.

1187: Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.  When the siege ended in October, the Moslems recaptured the city leading to the near collapse of Christian control in the Holy Land. Saladin allowed the Jews to return to the City of David from which they had been banned by the Christian Crusaders. (Did they realize that this meant Jesus would not have been able to live in Jerusalem?)  Saladin’s victory would lead to the Third Crusade.

1540: The first auto da fe in Lisbon of those forcibly converted to Christianity (conversos) is held. The term auto da fe literally means act of faith.  In point of fact it was a public execution in the form of a burning at the stake.

1563: Maximilian II whose reign was “a golden age for the Jews in Prague” became King of Bohemia

1590: French playwright and poet Robert Garnier, the author of Les Juives, passed away. “Les Juives is the moving story of the barbarous vengeance of Nebuchadnezzar on the Jewish king Zedekiah and his children. The Jewish women lamenting the fate of their children take a principal part in this tragedy, which, although almost entirely elegiac in conception, is singularly well designed, and gains unity by the personality of the prophet.”

 1701: In Great Britain, Bevis Marks Synagogue inaugurated.

 “Situated in the City of London, just off the ancient thoroughfare of Bevis Marks, the Synagogue was opened in 1701 and the oldest still in use in Britain. Jews first arrived in England with William the Conqueror, but following an edict of Edward I, were expelled from England in 1290. For more than 350 years there were no Jewish communities or places of worship in Britain. In Catholic countries the cruelties of the Inquisition forced some Jews to convert outwardly to Catholicism whilst, in secret, adhering to the faith of their fathers. In the early 17th century some of these crypto-Jews, known as Marranos', came from Portugal via Hamburg or Amsterdam, to settle in the City of London. But they were still forbidden to practice their religion openly. In 1655 a group of such Jews addressed a petition to Oliver Cromwell, requesting freedom to worship and to re-admit Jews to England. Cromwell gave tacit approval and, as a result, in 1656 the upper floor of a house in Creechuch Lane (a stone's throw from Bevis Marks) was opened for use as a place of worship. Towards the end of the century a new synagogue was planned on the Bevis Marks site. Construction was entrusted in 1699 to Joseph Avis, a Quaker, and the building was completed in 1701 at a cost of £2650; it is said that Mr. Avis refused to make a profit from building a house of God and returned all surplus money to the Congregation. It is also believed that Princess (Later Queen) Anne presented an oak beam from a Royal Navy ship for use as a roof support for the Synagogue building. In 1992 and 1993 the Synagogue suffered great damage from terrorist bomb attacks on the City of London. Nearly £200,000 was raised by donation and has since been spent in repairing and renovating the structure to return it to its former glory. As it approaches its tercentenary, the Bevis Marks Synagogue appears much as it did on its opening day in 1701.”

1721: Thomas Dogget, the Anglo-Irish actor who played “the role” of Shylock “comically, even farcically” passed away.  (Dogget was one of a whole host of actors who played the role of the Jew without ever knowing any of them)

1725: In Moravia, a fine of 1,000 ducats “was imposed on anyone who allowed Jews to come into possession of real estate, particularly customhouses, mills, wool-shearing sheds, and breweries.” (As reported by Jewish Virtual Library)

1741: Handel completed the first act of “Samson,” a work based on the Biblical figure described in the Book of Judges.

1755(15th of Tishrei, 5516): Sukkot and Shabbat observed as the French-Indian War continues for a second year.

1761: On the exact anniversary of the first auto-de-fe in Portugal, Gabriel Malagrida was burned alive on the Terreiro do Paço at Lisbon. He was to be the last victim burned in Portugal at any auto-de-fe.

1763: In London, Joseph Gompertz and Esther Moses gave birth to Lion Gomperts, the husband of Rebecca Salomons.

1775: Maria Theresa issued an order allowing Jews to “keep tanneries” which was the third of three orders that would appear to show a desire to improve the economic conditions of the Jews

1773(3rd of Tishrei, 5534): Tzom Gedaliah observed as the Russo-Tukish War drags on for a fifth year.

1779(10th of Tishrei, 5540): Yom Kippur

1779: Birthdate of Jacob Baiz, the native of Bayonne, France and Leah Baiz who eventually settled in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands.

1779: Birthdate of Karl Streckfuss, the Prussian privy council who in 1833 wrote a treatise, “On the Relation of the Jews to the Christian States” in which he expressed reluctance “to recommend a universal emancipation because of the alleged moral and deficiencies of the common type of Jew. (As reported by Jacob Katz)

1789(29th of Elul, 5549): Erev Rosh Hashanah observed for the first time during the Presidency of George Washington.

1796: Thirty-three-year old York, PA native Reuben Etting and twenty-five year old Philadelphia native Frances Gratz gave birth to Isabella Etting who died before reaching the age of four.

1797(29th of Elul, 5557): Erev Rosh Hashanah observed for the first time during the Presidency of John Adams.

1798(10th of Tishrei, 5559): Yom Kippur

1798: Birthdate of Philipp Freiherr von Schey Koromla, the native of Guns who became a successful businessman and was the first Hungarian born Jew to become a member of the Austrian nobility.

1800(1st of Tishrei, 5561): Rosh Hashanah observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Adams.

1800: As of this Rosh Hashanah, Rabbi Nachman had returned from Palestine where he had lived since 1789 and had taken up residence in Zlatopol where the resident had asked him to name the leader for the High Holiday Services.

1800: Moses David Friedman, the son of Dawid Friedman and Rachel Friedman gave birth to Abraham Friedman.

1804(15th of Tishrei, 5565) First Day of Sukkoth

1804: In Virginia, L. Joseph & Company is scheduled to closed today because of “their uniform practice to do no business on days ordained by Mosaic Law to be holy.”

1811(2nd of Tishrei, 5572): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah observed 8 days after the “perihelion passage” of the Great Comet of 1811

1812: A.M. Rothschild is buried next to ancestor Iassk Elchanan who died in 1585.  Elchanan was the first one whose tombstone was marked with the emblem of a shield which gave rise to the Red Shield.

1817(10th of Tishrei, 5578): Yom Kippur

1817: In Bernberg, Saxony, Nathanael Reichenheim and Zipora Cäcilie Reichenheim gave birth to Ferdinand Reichenheim the husband of Fanny Reichenheim.

1819(1st of Tishrei, 5580): Rosh Hashanah

1819: Introduction of the reactionary Carlsbad Decrees which were adopted during the anti-Semitic  Hep-Hep riots which came to end in October.

1820: Mark Jacob Nordon married Jane Arrobus at the Western Synagogue today.

1821(23rd of Elul, 5581): Fifty-nine-year old Eleazer Elizer, the Newport, RI born son of Isaac Elizer, who served as Justice of the Peace and as Postmaster in Greenville, SC passed away today in Greenville, SC.

1825: In Essex, Catherine Phillips and Laurence Lazarus gave birth to Caroline Lazarus, the wife of George Mark Simmons with whom she had nine children.

1825: Simeon Oppenheim and his wife gave birth to Samuel S. Oppenheim “one of the founders and a member of the Building Committee and Board of Management of the New West End Synagogue in London who worked on charitable activities with Rabbi Isaac M. Wise of Cincinnati.

1828: Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Kalisher, the Posen born “son of Salomon and Rahel Gutel Kalischer and his wife Henrietta gave birth to Amalie Kalischer who became Amalie Grunberg when she married Moritz Grunberg with whom she had three children.

1831: Birthdate of German native Julius Levis, the husband of Henrietta Emilie with whom he had five children.

1836(9th of Tishrei 5597): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre chanted to the last time during the Presidency of Andrew Jackson.

1837: Julius Singer married Rika Woolf at the New Synagogue today.

1838(1st of Tishrei, 5599): Rosh Hashanah

1838: Birthdate of Nathan Barnet, the native of Pozan who became mayor of Patterson, NJ and was a founder of the Miriam Barnet Hebrew Free School.

1838: Birthdate of Lowell, MA native and Episcopal priest William Reed Huntington who on the first anniversary of the Kishinev massacres when “thousands of Jews were marching up Broadway” approached Grace Church “appeared bareheaded at its portals and remained there until the people passed while the church bells tolled” showing “that the typical American Christian clergyman is of a different type to the priests who bigotry is largely responsible for the persecuting spirit in Russia…”

1846(29th of Elul, 5606): Erev Rosh Hashanah observed on the same day as the start of the Battle of Monterrey during the Mexican-American War.

1847(10th of Tishrei, 5608): Yom Kippur observed a week after American forces entered Mexico City marking the end of the combat phase of the Mexican-American War.

1848: Creation of The American Association for the Advancement of Science whose Jewish members have included Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and historian of science who served as the organization’s president in 2000.

1850: “Emperor Franz Joseph remitted the war-tax today but ordered that the Jews of Hungary without distinction should contribute toward a Jewish school fund of 1,000,000 gulden; a sum they raised within a few years.”

1851: Birthdate of British playwright Henry Arthur Jones, author of “Judah” in 1890 and “The Triumph of the Philistines” in 1895.

1856: During the week ending today, of the 461 people who died in New York, only one of them died at The Jew's Hospital.

1862: Today, President Lincoln wrote a little of recommendation “Issachar Zacharie…his Jewish podiatrist” in which said “Dr. Zacharie has, with great dexterity, take some troublesome corns from toes” and is now treating me” with some success “for what plain people call back ache.”

1863: Birthdate of Beilitz, Austria native Nathan Michnik, the son of Joseph Michnik who earned his rabbinical diploma from Rabbi Simon Schreiber at Cracow, Galicia before going to lead congregations in Springfield, IL, Helena, Mt, Huntsville AL, Jonesboro, AR and Port Gibson before becoming the rabbi of Beth Israel in Woodville, Mississippi.

1863: During the American Civil War, the 15th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry, a Union unit that had been formed under the command of Lt. Col. Gabriel Netter left Paducah, Kentucky, and headed for McLemoresville, Tennessee. (Netter was one of several Jews to serve as ranking officer in the U.S. Army)

1865(29th of Elul, 5625): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1865: Today's “City News” column reported that “This evening the series of annual Jewish holidays commences. The first of these is known as Rosh Hashanah, (the New-Year.) It begins this evening and terminates on Friday night. The origin of the festival is given in Leviticus xxiii., 23, 24, 25. Though not one of the three great festivals on which the male population of Israel was to appear before the Lord, it is nevertheless considered as one of the first among the principal holidays, and as such has ever been celebrated by the Sons of Jacob. A peculiar rite of this festival is the blowing of trumpets, and this is not only observed, but the hearing of the same is obligatory on all Jews. With this festival begins an era called the ten days of repentance, which is terminated by the Yom Kippur, (Day of Atonement.) This festival of New-Year is observed very strictly by the Israelites of this city, no business being transacted, and the synagogues being thronged by hundreds of devout worshipers.”

1866(11th of Tishrei, 5627): “Lithuanian Talmudist and Hebraist Judah Judel Ben Benjamin Scherschewski” who was “employed in one of the business establishments in Wilna, where, in his spare hours, he occupied himself reading rabbinical works and studying the literature of the haskalah movement” before being “appointed teacher of Talmud and rabbinics in the rabbinical seminary of Wilna, which position he held he passed away today.

1867: One day after she had passed away, 68 year old Elizabeth Marks was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

1868(4th of Tishrei, 5629): Tzom Gedaliah for the last time during the Presidency of Andrew Johnson

1869(15th of Tishrei, 5630): Sukkoth is observed for the first time during the Presidency of U.S. Grant.

1870: During the fight for the unification of Italy, Victor Emanuel seized the Capitol city of Rome. This victory would lead to the end of Rome’s Ghetto which had stood for three centuries.

1874: Vice President Jesse Seligman chaired today’s regular meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society of New York.  The trustees unanimously adopted a motion challenging the veracity of charges of mismanagement which had first appeared in the Era magazine and then were reprinted in the New York Times.  The motion referred to the charges as “false and malicious” stating that they were made out of “animosity and malice” aimed at the chief officer of the society.  The motion called for the establishment of an independent committee to investigate the charges and report on their “truth or falsity.”

1874(9th of Tishrei, 5635): Erev of Yom Kippur

1874: Dr. Solomon Adler, the senior rabbi and Dr. Gustav Gottheil, his assistant, will deliver sermons in German and English during the Kol Nidre Serve at Temple Emanu-el, the major Reform congregation in New York City.

1875(16th of Tishrei, 5546): Second Day of Sukkoth observed on the same that the Japanese scored a victory over the Koreans on Ganghwa, Island.

1876(2nd of Tishrei, 5636): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah observed for the last time during the Presidency of U.S. Grant.

1879: In San Antonio, TX, Solomon and “Fannie Levi Halff” gave birth to “radio station operator Godchaux Adolph Cremieux Halff

1880(15th of Tishrei, 5649): First Day of Sukkoth observed for the last time during the Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes.

1881: It was reported today that 116 Russian Jews have left Antwerp bound for New York.

1881: Vice President Chester A. Arthur was sworn in as President following the death of President Garfield. In 1882, during Arthur’s single term as President, the United States finally ratified the Red Cross Treaty enabling the American Red Cross to join the international body.  President Arthur appointed Adolphus Simeon Solomons as one of three delegates to represent the country at the Geneva Congress, where he was elected vice-president. This was one of the earliest moves to give an American Jew a prominent position in public affairs. Solomons had been a driving force behind the creation of the American Red Cross.  It was at his home that a proposal was approved to form the Association of the American Red Cross and incorporate it in Washington, D.C. Solomons was born in New York where he began a printing business which he would later move to Washington, D.C. and expand into a full-scale publishing house. A Civil War veteran, Solomons worked to establish numerous institutions that would aide both the general population and the Jewish community.  He helped establish the first school for nurses in Washington and one of the first shelters for homeless men.  He helped to establish Mt. Sinai Hospital and the Russian Jews Immigrant Aid Society.

1882: In MIscolcz,, Hungary, Rivka and Yehuda Leib Marmorstein gave birth to Avraham (Arthur) Marmorstein the holder of a PhD from the University of Heidelberg and S.A. Hirsch’s successor as the “lecturer in Talmud, Codes and Bible at Jews College whose son Bruno, while serving as a Captain in the British Army “helped to liberate Belsen.”

1883: Birthdate of Albrecht Alt, the German theologian who wrote “Israel and Egypt” as part of his doctoral and who served as the Provost at the Evangelical Redeemer Church in Jerusalem.

1884(1st of Tishrei, 5645): Rosh Hashanah

1884: In Leadville, CO, Temple Israel celebrated the Jewish New Year for the first time in its brand new building.

1884: In New Orleans, “Isadore Levin Danziger” and “Amelia Amanda Dreyfous Danziger” gave birth to Tulane University trained lawyer Alfred David Danziger who served as Assistant State Attorney General.

1984: In San Francisco, opera singer Julie Rosewald led the music service at Temple Emanu-El making her the first woman to perform the Rosh Hashanah liturgy.

1884: “Forced Out Of Business” published today, described the demise of Rindskopf Brothers & Co.  The company, which began operating in Cincinnati in 1854 before moving to New York in1866 was forced into bankruptcy by its inability to obtain financing during the economic downturn as well as its failure to change its business practices. Morris Rindskopf, one of the principles of the company, is a well-known philanthropist who is the treasurer of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and the United Hebrew Charities neither of which are involved in nor threatened by the bankruptcy.

1885: “Dr. Pusey’s Daniel” published today provides a detailed review of Daniel the Prophet, a compilation of nine lectures delivered at Oxford by E. B. Pusey.

1885: Rachel Davis and Joseph Lipkie gave birth to Lionel Lipkie.

1887(2nd of Tishrei, 5647): 2nd Day of Rosh Hashanah

1887: Birthdate of Ette Levy who would be buried 73 years later in Natchitoches, LA

1888(15th of Tishrei, 5649): Sukkoth

1890: In Columbus, Ohio, “Fred and Rose Eichberg Lazarus” gave birth to department store executive Robert Lazarus, the husband of Hattie Weiler Lazarus with whom he had five children.

1890: Birthdate of poet Rachel Bluwstein Sela, Zionist lyric poet known as “Rachel the Poet.” She died at the age of 41. Flowers of Perhaps: Selected Poems of Rachel is an English translation of some of her works.

1890: In Vienna, a sub-Lieutenant started beating an old Jew before he was stopped by a Prussian officer who turned him over to a police officer.

1890: Misses Ella and J.M. Drefyus were among the passengers who arrived in New York aboard the SS La Champagne.

1890: “City and Suburban News” published today described plans that Anarchist Johann Most has announced for a mass meeting at the Labor Lyceum to be held on Yom Kippur designed to mock the Day of Atonement.

1891: Rabbi H. P. Mendes delivered the sermon at the dedicatory services for the new synagogue on Staten Island in Richmond Turnpike, Tompkinsville which were attended by approximately 350 people.

1891: In New York, the Addison Literary Society hosted a debate styled “Resolved that the civilized nations of the world should enter a protest against Russia’s barbarous treatment of her Jewish subjects.”

1891: In Milville, NJ, the lockout at the Flint and Green Glass Works of Whitall, Tatum & Co which came in response to a strike sparked by the employment 14 Jews entered its second day.

1892: In Zutphen, Holland, a Polish shoemaker and his wife gave birth to Joseph Lefkowitz who gained fame as Joseph Leftwitch, the Anglo-Jewish critic who was one of the “Whitechapel Boys”, the author of a biography of Israel Zangwill and the creator of the Golden Peacock.

1892: In Fort Worth, TX an unidentified Jewish merchant was accidently shot in the leg by Ollie Bowles who was trying to shoot the man who had just been acquitted of trying to murder him.

1892: An unnamed Jewish resident of Chicago wrote a letter to former President Grover Cleveland who was running for President expressing his gratitude for the statements of support for the Jews of Russia in the platform of the Democratic Party.

1892: Birthdate of Zutphen, Holland native Joseph Lefkowitz, a resident of the London’s East End and school dropout who gained fame as journalist Joseph Leftwich, a correspondent for the Jewish Telegraphic Agency and the Palestine Post whose books included The Golden Peacock and What Will Happen to the Jews?”

1893(10th of Tishrei, 5654): Yom Kippur

1893: The Hebrew Anarchist continued their tradition of mocking the observance of Yom by holdholding balls and enjoying other entertainments.  This year’s events were held at the Clarendon Hall where attendees paid fifteen cents to enjoy the speeches and merriment.

1893: Rabbi Louis Lustig and his congregation will not be worshiping at their usual house of prayer at 180 Rivington Street because of a fire that broken out at eleven o’clock last night after Kol Nidre Services.

1895(2nd of Tishrei, 5656): 2nd day Rosh Hashanah

1895: The Russian Jews who arrived in Norwich, Ct yesterday from Quebec and are planning to take a steamer to New York City that they are following this “round-about route…to escape the rigid Custom House inspection” that greets immigrants who arrive in New York from Europe.

1895: “Silver Dollar” Smith, a Jewish saloon owner and member of the Tammany machine went looking for William Smith in an attempt to get him to press charges against Martin Engel, a Tammany leader.

1896: A new Charles Frohman melodrama is scheduled to open in Boston today which will eventually be brought to New York

1897: Birthdate of Chicago native Burton Stanley Bachman, the Northwestern alum who served in the military during WW I.

1898: Colonel Dreyfus was released from prison on Devil's Island. This is the famous Dreyfus of "The Dreyfus Fair" that rocked France and provided the impetus for Theodore Herzl to become the father of modern Zionism.

1898: Herzl began a journey that would take him to Paris, The Hague and London on business of the Jewish Colonial Trust (Bank).

1899: Twenty-three year old Washington University trained attorney, Benjamin F. Koperlik, the St. Louis born son of Isaac and Anna (Lowenstein) Koperlik married Hattie Levy today after which he settle in Pueblo Colorado where he served as President of Temple Emanu-El.

1899: In Prussia, “Hugo Strauss and Jennie Strauss, née David” gave birth to American philosopher, Leo Strauss.

1899: French President Emile Loubet pardoned Dreyfus.

1899: In Kirchhain (Prussia), Hugo and Jennie Strauss gave birth to German-American political philosopher Leo Strauss

1899: After hiding out in a villa with his anti-Semitic comrades, Max Regis, the former mayor of the city and “a notorious Jew baiter” went into Algiers “stirring up anti-Jewish demonstrations, during which the windows of several shops owned by Jews were smashed.

1900: Nathan Straus’s Alvez raced successfully today at the Speedway.

1901: “New Jersey Honors President’s Memory” published today described services held in houses of worship all over the Garden State including the Camden’s Sons of Israel Synagogue attended by 500 Jews who heard speeches by Joseph Roterman , Frank Auerbach and Rabbi Leventhal from Philadelphia.

1901: Birthdate of Vilna native and Brooklyn Law School trained attorney Charles Abrams who gained fame as an urban planner and expert on public housing.

1902: Louis and Emma Sachs gave birth to Solomon Sachs who was murdered by the Nazis at Sobibor.

1903: “Jewish Holiday Season” published today described the “Quaint and Ancient Ceremonies for the New Year” and the “customs in the Orthodox and Reformed Congregations” marking the “period of observance from Rosh Hashanah to Succoth.

1904: The Times of London Russian correspondents “says that the Russian legal journal Pravo subjects to very severe criticism the recent modifications of the legislation relating to Jews” which are “concessions” that can be ascribed “to secure during the war” with Japan "the greatest possible measure of internal peace.”

1905: On New York’ east side Lewis Lebowitz has sold a six-story tenement at 55 Cannon Street to David and Nathan Stein.

1906(1st of Tishrei, 5667): Rosh Hashanah

1906(1st of Tishrei, 5667): Seventy-nine year old, George Bazett Colwin Leverson, the Middlesex born of Elizabeth Moses and Montague Leverson passed away today.

1907: Journalist Elias Tobenkin, married Rae Schwid Tobenkin, who came to the United States from Russia in 1898 and who was the mother of Paul Tobenkin, “a member of the editorial staff of the New York Harold Tribune.”

1907:  The first Neiman Marcus department store opens for the tenth day in Dallas, TX,

1908: In Houston, TX, members of Congregation Adath Heshurun dedicated their new synagogue.

1909: According to figures released today that appeared in the August immigration report of the Department of Commerce and Labor 37,314 Hebrews immigrants came to the United States during the last fiscal year.

1910: Birthdate of New York born, and Columbia trained psychologist Joseph Ephraim Barmack, the WW II veteran and CCNY faculty member

1910: Fifty-three year old Levi Goodman, the “wholesale stamp clerk in the Madison Avenue Branch of the Post Office was arrested” today on charges of having embezzled “$1,088 in stamps and money.”

1911: In New York, a case of Jew versus Jew British boxer Matthew “Matt” Wells defeated World Featherweight Champion Abe Attell known as “the Little Hebrews” in a non-title bout.

1912(9th of Tishrei, 5673): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre

1912: Birthdate of Gutsi Kollman, the widow of Eric Kollman who was a distinguished professor of history at Cornell College in Mt. Vernon, IA from 1944 to 1973.

1913(18th of Elul, 5673): Parashat Ki Tavo

1913: Birthdate of Chicago native Dr. Herman Heine Goldstine the University of Chicago trained mathematician who worked on the earliest electronic computers and helped the military develop the famous Eniac. (As reported by Wolfgang Saxon)

1914: This afternoon, former Deputy Attorney General Maruice B. Bluementhal spoke at the Young Folks’ League saying that “Americans not only uphold neutrality but disapprove of the war in toto” yet “our hearts go out to three hundred thousand Jewish soldiers in the Russian Army, who having bled and suffered at the hand of their country on account of being Jews, are now suffering and dying for their country because, as Jews, they are loyal to the flag under which they live.  Theirs is a martyrdom which demonstrates the moral and intellectual superiority of the oppressed Jews over his opporessor.”

1914(29th of Elul, 5674): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1914: Tonight, at Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a Rosh Hashanah sermon on the topic of “Peace” using as his theme the words of Isaiah,“Peace, peace to him that is far off, and to him that is near saith the Lord.”

1914: Cantor Epstein and Rabbi Straus officiated at tonight’s service at Adath Abraham Temple.

1914: Rabbi Samuel Schulman conducted services at Temple Beth-El on Fifth Avenue.

1914: Four thousand worshippers attended services conducted by Rabbi Jacob Tarlav of the People’s Synagogue which were held at the Educational Alliance building on East Broadway.

1915: Today, during the Gallipoli Campaign in which members of the Zion Mule Corps laid the ground work for what became the fighting spirit of the IDF, “the Royal Newfoundland Regiment landed in Sulva Bay.”

1916: After having referred Joseph Barondess’ motion that teachers and clerks be allowed to be “absent from their duties so they could observe Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur the New York City School Board was scheduled to hold a special meeting to decide on the request which had been watered down from “with pay” to “excused without pay.”

1916: Hugh M. Dorsey, the man responsible for the infamous prosecution of Leo Frank was told today by his chief support Thomas E. Watson that he was not to issue any statements in support of Woodrow Wilson.

1916: “Henry Morgenthau, former Ambassador to Turkey, explained” today ‘that this appeal for a ‘Ten Thousand Club,’ whose members were to contribute $1 each to a Woodrow Wilson campaign fund was not intended as a sectarian appeal to the Jews” and that publication of the appeal in Yiddish newspapers was just the first of many appeals that would be made in foreign language papers read by immigrants.

1917: “Refuses Request of Jews” published today described the appeal that the Jewish Union of Frankfort-on-the-Main to the Pope to get his aid in overturning the decision of the Italian government to deny shipping of the Palm branches necessary for the celebration of Sukkoth to Jews in Germany and German occupied territories. (Editor’s note – The Italians and Germans were on opposite sides during WW I so the Italian decision is not as unreasonable as it might seem)

1917: Birthdate of Arnold "Red" Auerbach. This New York native earned as bachelors and master’s degrees from George Washington University.  Despite his father's initial lack of enthusiasm for his interest in athletics, Auberbach coached the Boston Celtics to nine straight NBA championships in the 1950's and 1960's.  However, sheer numbers do not do justice to the impact of this Hall of Fame coach.  During his career, the Celtics were the dominant force in professional basketball.  Auberach's Celtics were a force beyond the hardwood courts, as they provided a venue where African-American athletes could shine in a way not known before in American sport.

1917(4th of Tishrei, 5678: While serving with the 3rd Battalion of the South African Infantry Henry Mark Jacobs, the son of Joseph and Clara Isabel Jacobs was killed in action today while fighting on the Western Front during the Battle of Ypres.

1918(14th of Tishrei, 5679): Erev Sukkoth

1918: M. Politis, Minister of Foreign Affairs, announces Greek governmental approval of the suggestion by Dr. Chaim Weizmann to the Greek representative in Egypt, that a volunteer military corps be developed for Palestine, from among the Jews of Salonica.

1918: During WW I, General Allenby’s forces entered the Jezreel Valley and began two days of fighting that would lead to the capture of Afula (later known for its Pistachio nuts) and Megiddo, the site of the biblical battle of Armageddon. [One can only wonder what the Jewish forces serving with Allenby felt as they trod this land on the eve of the holiday simply known as “The Chag.”]

1918: Birthdate of George Lachmann Mosse, the German born American cultural historian who co-founded “The Journal of Contemporary History.”

1919: All five Socialist candidates including Louis Waldman who had won a special election appeared at the New York State Legislature with attention of assuming their seats.

1920: The final day of examinations for those wishing to attend the Teachers Institute of the Jewish Theological Seminary.


1920: In San Francisco, the 8 day campaign to raise “$350,000 for the relief of the suffering Jewish in Eastern Europe” is scheduled to come to an end today.

1921(17th of Elul, 5681): Eighty-two year old diamond merchant Jules Porges, a native of Vienna, raised in Prague “where his father was a master jeweler and the husband of “Rose-Anne Wodianer” passed away today in Paris.

1923(10th of Tishrei, 5684): Yom Kippur

1923: Temple Emanu-El is scheduled to “hold special Atonement Day services today at the Town Hall” in New York City.

1924: In Manhattan, Alexander and Eugenia Moshinsky gave birth to Albert Eliot Moshinsky who gained fame as Albert Marre, the Tony Award-winning director. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

1925(2nd of Tishrei, 5686): 2nd day of Rosh Hashanah

1925: “The fourteen Yiddish theaters in Greater New York, opened the season of 1925-26 on the second day of Rosh Hashanah and all have played to capacity houses.”

1925: Birthdate of Eliezer Zborowski, the Polish born Holocaust survivor who started the American and International Societies for Yad Vashem (As reported by Douglas Martin)

1926: “The Ramblers,” a Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby musical that featured such songs as “All Alone Monday” and “You Smiled at Me” opened at the Lyric Theatre.

1927:  Birthdate of Henry Taub a founder of the payroll company that grew into the global giant Automatic Data Processing, also known as ADP.

1928: Birthdate of Dr. Joyce Brothers who first gained national fame as a quiz show contestant on the "$64,000 Question."

1928: The “Israelitisches Familienblatt” published an article expressing “Support of Jewish Ceremonial Art.”

1929(15th Elul, 5689): Sixty-four year old medical pioneer Dr. Claribel Cone, the Jonesboro, TN born daughter of Hellena and Herman Cone passed away today in Lausanne, Switzerland.

1930: Birthdate of Chicago native and graduate of the Yale School of Architecture Stanley Tigerman,

1930 In San Francisco, Mortimer Fleischhacker, Jr., the San Francisco born son of Mortimer Fleishhacker and Florence Isabelle (Bella) Fleishhacker and his wife Janet Louise Fleishhacker gave birth to Delia Ehrlich.

1931(9th of Tishrei, 5692): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre

1931: In New York, Stella and Mortimer H. Koenig gave birth M(arshall) Glenn Koenig, the Cornell University trained physician who “became the director of the Division of Infectious Diseases in the Department of Medicine at Vanderbilt University.”

1932: Robert and Hattie Weiler Lazarus gave birth to Nancy Weiler Lazarus who would die in infancy.

1932: Today, the Toronto daily newspaper, The Evening Telegram, devoted its front page banner headline to a report that its’ Moscow-based correspondent, Rhea Clyman, had been “Driven From Russia” and attacked as a “Bourgeois Troublemaker.” (As reported by Jars Balan)

1933(29th of Elul, 5693): Erev Rosh Hashana observed for the first time during the Presidency of F.D. R.

1934: “Spring Parade” a comedy produced by Joe Pasternak and co-starring Franciska Gaal was released today.

1934: As his career was winding down featherweight Harry Blitman entered the ring for the 74th time and emerged victorious by a TKO.

1936:  In a time when most Jews were supporting FDR, friends of Republican Presidential candidate Alf Landon, expressed their gratification over a statement by Felix M. Warburg, New York banker and philanthropist, announcing his support for Governor Landon.

1936: “Christianity Is Held To Be Bolsehvistic” published today described how “the neo-pagan German Action is carrying our Chancellor Hitler’s attack against “Jewish bolshevism by arguing “that Christianity is also a Jewish product” because the “Jew’s Bible” which contains “numerous passages” that “are easily recognized as Bolshevist class theories” is the foundation of Christianity making it, like Bolshevism, a Jewish product.

1936: It was reported today that “the Polish Ambassador has informed the British Foreign Office that the population of his country is growing by 400,000 annually with the highest rate of increase among the Jews and that an outlet for them is much desired” which would explain why “Colonel Josef Beck, Polish Foreign Minister will be presenting a plan to the League of Nations calling for the emigration of 75,000 Jews annual from Poland to Palestine.”  (Editor’s Note – Lost among the Holocaust Histories is the reality of virulent anti-Semitism in pre-war Poland and the desire of the Poles to ride their country of the Jews which happened to be violation of the treaties creating the modern state of Poland.)

1936: “A campaign to raise $500,000 for the settlement of 1,000 European Jewish families in the Russian all-Jewish territory of Birbobidjan was announced” today “at a meeting of the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan” which “was attended by delegates from 250 Jewish organizations and societies have a membership of more than 50,000 persons.”

1936: “Predicting a bloody conflict between believers in God and the forces of the anti-Christ, the Reverend Robert E. Woods delivered a message at high mass in St. Patrick’s Cathedral where he “warned Catholics, Protestants and Jews they must be prepared to take aggressive measures to defend their faith in ‘the one and only true God.’”

1937(15th of Tishrei, 5698): Sukkoth

1937(15th of Tishrei, 5698): Sixty-six year old Kuhn, Loeb & Co partner, Felix Moritz Warburg, the grandson of Moses Marcus Warburg “one of the founders of M.M and the husband Jacob Schiff’s daughter, Frieda whose philanthropy included leading the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee and the founding of the American Friends of Hebrew University passed away today.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Egypt, in an outspoken declaration made by its foreign minister, Butrus Ghali Pasha, officially objected to any planned partition of Palestine. Butrus Ghali explained that Jews and Arabs, "both descendants of Abraham," had lived together amicably for centuries and could continue to live so in our own time and day.

1937:  The Post reported that Mr. K.W. Blackburne, assistant district commissioner for the North of Palestine, informed local mukhtars (village heads) that they would be held responsible for any terrorist activities which might take place within their territories. Whenever found guilty they would have to pay damages and defray the expenses of the special punitive police posts, established in their villages.  This tough talk was not backed up with action as the British government did little or nothing to put an end to Arab terror.

1938: “Father John LaFarge, an American Jesuit tasked with writing an encyclical for Pope Pius XI to condemn racism and anti-Semitism, turns his work over to Wladimir Ledochowski, the Father Superior of the Jesuits in Rome.”

1938: “The seven bishops of Austria, led by Cardinal Theodore Innitzer, Archbishop of Vienna, issue a letter complaining about that the relations between the Catholic Church and Nazi Party have not developed as they had originally envisioned.

1939: All radios owned by Jews in Greater Germany were confiscated.

1939: Tolday, the Evening Standard today published a cartoon depicting Hitler greeting Stalin after the invasion of Poland, with the words: "The scum of the earth, I believe?". To which Stalin replies: "The bloody assassin of the workers, I presume?";–Ribbentrop_Pact#/media/File:Davidlowrendezvous.png

1940: Breendonck concentration camp opens in Belgium.

1940(17th of Elul, 5700): Sixty-seven-year-old McGill trained physician Sidney Solomon Oppenheimer, the Yale, Canada born son of Celia and August Isaac Oppenheimer and the husband of Dorothea Oppenheimer passed away today in Spokane, WA.

1941(28th of Elul, 5701): Several thousand Jews, mostly women and children from Kovno, Lithuania, are executed at the local synagogue after being held there for three days.

1941(28th of Elul, 5701): Just 17 days after celebrating her 84th birthday, Emma Hays Eckhouse, the daughter of Abraham Hays and Fanny Kahn and the widow of Moses Eckhouse who was active in many civic and Jewish communal organization as can be seen by her service a volunteer probation office in the Indianapolis Juvenile Court and vice president of the Hebrew Ladies’ Benevolent Society, passed away today after which she was buried at the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation Cemetery South

1941: Policemen in Kiev, Ukraine, adopt armbands identifying the wearer as a member of the Nazi-sponsored Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists.

1942(9th of Tishrei, 5703): Erev Yom Kippur

1942(9th of Tishrei, 5703: Fifty-nine year old Russian born American rabbi “Mordechai (Max) Yohlin” passed away today in Philadelphia.

1942: Seventy-two year old Emil Schiff was transported from Leipzig today with the destination being Terezin where he was murdered later in the year.

1942(9th of Tishrei, 5703): In Letychiv, Ukraine, the SS starts a two day murder spree that claims the lives of at least 3,000 Jews.

1943(20th of Elul, 5703): One thousand Jewish inmates of the camp at Szebnie, Poland, are trucked to a nearby field, stripped naked and executed with machine guns. The bodies are burned and the bones thrown into the Jasiolka River. Those who had been ordered to pile the dead bodies onto a pyre were then shot to death as well.

1943: Today, luck ran out for German music hall and cabaret entertain Kurt Gerron, who had found refuge in Holland, and his family when they were sent to Westerbrook .

1943: In Norfolk, VA, David Crowe and Earnestine Ingram Mancil gave birth David Crowe, the holder of a Ph. D from the University of Georgia and professor at Elon University who wrote Oskar Schindler: The Untold Account of His Life, Wartime Activities and the True Story Behind the List.

1943: Jacob Kapler, a Jew assigned to the body-burning detail at the Babi Yar, Ukraine, mass-murder site, finds a key that fits the padlock on a bunker in which he and other laborers are locked each night.

1944(3rd of Tishrei, 5705) Tzom Gedaliah

1944: The Jewish Brigade Group is formed by the British high command. After a long battle by Chaim Weizmann and Moshe Sharret, the British agreed to the establishment of a Jewish Army to fight alongside British troops. In all over 5000 people from pre-state Israel including many who had fled from Europe enlisted. Seven hundred of them lost their lives. After the war they formed the nucleus for those working to get Jews from Italy and the Balkans by legal or illegal efforts.

1944: Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, joins the Whermacht

1945: The Jewish Agency for Palestine makes its first claim for restitution from Germany for crimes Nazis committed against Jews.

1945(13th of Tishrei, 5706): Forty-six-year old Alice Stix Eiseman, the daughter of David and Amelia Stix Eisman and the husband of Milton Alfred Hellman whom she married at Frankford, Michigan in 1917 passed away today in University City, MO after which she buried at the New Mount Sinai Cemetry and Mausoleum in Affton, MO.

1945: Eleanor Roosevelt and Mrs. Henry Morgenthau, Jr. visited the refugee camp at Fort Ontario where most of the population was Jewish.

1946: In Haifa, Lilly and Eliyahu Goldenberg gave birth to David Goldenberg who gained fame as Israeli entertainer and television personality Dudu Topa

1947(6th of Tishrei, 5708): Parashat Vayeilech; Shabbat Shuva

1947: Mayor Fiorello La Guardia passed away.  New York's "Little Flower" had an Italian father and a Jewish mother.  La Guardia never "traded on his Jewish origins" for political purposes.  At the same time, he suffered numerous times because of them.  For example, his career in the Foreign Service ended before it began, despite his linguistic skills, when it was explained to him that a Jewish parent would prove detrimental to his future.  He was the victim of numerous anti-Semitic slurs from political opponents.  At one point the Democrats ran a Jewish candidate against him thinking it would be to their advantage.  However, La Guardia (a Republican) had the last laugh when he challenged his opponent to a debate so long as the language of the match was Yiddish.  The opponent demurred because his linguistic skills were less than La Guardia's who then went on to win the election.

1948: Today, “following the Altalena incident” battalions of the IZL which had been “fighting in Jerusalem…were disbanded and their soldiers joined the IDF on an individual basis” in accord with Ordinance No. 4 which established the IDF as Israel’s only military force.

1949: Four years after the end of the Holocaust, “the Federal Republic of Germany” (known as West Germany) had its first government formed today.

1949: Today “Historian and educator,” Isaac Eisenstein Barzilay married Helly Frost with whom he had two children Joshua and Sharonah.

1950(9th of Tishrei, 5711): Kol Nidre

1950(9th of Tshrei,5711): Thirty –six year old New York born Dartmouth graduate and former Time Magazine Moscow Bureau Chief Richard Edward Lauterbach, “the son of Morton Edgar and Hazel Augusta (Kronthal) Lauterbach” and husband of the former “Elizabeth S. Wardell” with whom he had three children – Jennifer, Ann and David” passed away today.

1950: Orchestra conductor Serge Koussevitzky left New York on an Air France aircrafts on his way to Israel where he will conduct the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra.  “He will give fifteen concerts in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa.”

1951: As the infant Jewish state copes with the economic challenges brought on by immigrant absorption and having to defend itself against a cordon of states dedicated to its destruction. David Horowitz presents Israel’s plans for dealing with the situation at the National Economic Conference at Washington, D.C.’ Shoreham Hotel.

1951: Jewish Film Distributors, local film distributors for Carmel Film of Tel Aviv has announced through Nathan Axelrod, head of the company that “Rebirth of a Nation,” a 90 minute documentary and first of a new series of Israeli made features will have its American premiere at the Stanley Theatre.

1951: In a speech given at the Jerusalem Shoe Company marking the end of Industry Week Israel’s Finance Minister Eliezer Kaplan announced “a program to mobilize $300,000,000 for new industrial projects in the next three years.  In his speech Kaplan declared, “Some think Israel needs pity.  But I say we need assistance.  We are building at a tremendous tempo and Israel is surmounting its difficulties.

1952(1st of Tishrei, 5713): Rosh Hashanah

1952: Birthdate of Randy Grossman who played tight end for Temple (where else would a Jewish boy play) University before going on to a career with the Pittsburgh Steelers with whom he earned four Super Bowl rings.

1953(11th of Tishrei, 5714): Seventy-four year old “Abraham Panken, a retired merchant” and “a vice president of the Greater New York Aid Society and the Council for Older People” “ who was a brother of Justice Jacob Panken and the father of former state Senator Harold Panken” passed away today.

1953: The New York Times includes a review of Saul Bellow’s latest novel, “The Adventures of Augie March “about “a West-Side-Chicago Tom Jones…of depression years with a ‘weak sense of consequence.’”

1955(4th of Tishrei, 5716): Fifty-eight year old Academy Award winning screenwriter and playwright Robert Riskin passed away today.

1955: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Navy Log” the anthology series that gave Don Devlin “his first acting role” and that featured theme music by Irving Bibo and Fred Steiner.

1956(15th of Tishrei, 5717): Sukkoth

1956: First appearance of The American Examiner which resulted from a merger of the Brooklyn Examiner and The American Hebrew

1959: In Cologne, the Roonstrasse Synagogue which was originally dedicated in 1899 and destroyed during Kristallnacht was reopened with a formal dedication ceremony today.

1959: Beth Shalom Synagogue, in Elkins Park, PA, was inaugurated, a few months after the passing away of the architect who designed it, Frank Lloyd Wright. The synagogue is considered a Wright masterpiece.  The synagogue would later be placed on the list of National Historic Landmarks.

1960: Pitcher Larry Sherry loses gives up two runs in the 9th as the Cards defeat the Dodgers 3 to 2.

1960(28th of Elul, 5720): Seventy-six year Russian born Jewish dancer Ida Rubinstein who converted to Catholicism passed away today.

1960: A London production of Once Upon a Mattress, a musical comedy with music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Marshall Barer” opened at the Adelphi Theatre today where it ran for 24 performances

1961(10th of Tishrei, 5722): Yom Kippur

1961(10th of Tishrei, 5722): Forty year old Andrzej Munk movie director and script writer died today as a result of a car crash in Kompina, Poland in a head-on collision with a truck

1961: Birthdate of Lisa Allred Bloom, the daughter of Gloria Allred who followed in her mother’s footsteps by becoming a lawyer and television personality.

1963(2nd of Tishrei, 5724): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah – the last time that the Jewish New Year would be observed under the abbreviated presidency of John Kennedy.

1964(14th of Tishrei, 5725): Erev Sukkoth

1964: Funeral services were held today for Ann Klauber Berson the wife of Leonard R. Berson and daughter of Ethel Klauber and Leo Klauber, Treasurer and Board Member of the Emanu-El Midtown Y.M.Y.W.H.A.

1964: At noon today, in Brooklyn funeral services were held for Samuel Abramowitz, the husband of Lillian Cohen Abramowitz and father of Judyth A. Weisser and Marcia A. Aronson

1967: 20th Century Fox released “Two for the Road” which was produced and directed by Stanley Doan, the son of Jewish parents from South Carolina.

1969(8th of Tishrei, 5730): Shabbat Shuva observed for the first time during the Presidency of Richard Nixon.

1970(19th of Elul, 5730): Sixty nine year old Arturo Rosenblueth, the Mexican doctor who was a pioneer in the field of cybernetics, passed away today.

1971(1st of Tishrei, 5732): Rosh Hashanah

1971(1st of Tishrei, 5732): Seventy-two year old Russian born American businessman and philanthropist Louis Schweitzer passed away today.

1972: In Jerusalem, one postal worker was injured by a letter bomb.

1972: Nobody was injured today when a letter bomb exploded in Tel Aviv.

1973(23rd of Elul, 5733): Eighty-three year old Samuel Aronowitz, the Albany born son of Max and Dora Arronwitz “a lawyer, a founder of radio station WTRY in Troy” and “a fellow of Brandeis University passed away today after which he was buried at Beth Emeth Cemetery.

1973(23rd of Elul, 5733): Sixty-three year old German-born “logician and philosopher” and author Robert S. Hartman who was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973 passed away today.

1974(4th of Tishrei, 5735): Eighty-six year old Henry Austryn Wolfson “a scholar, philosopher, and historian at Harvard University, the first chairman of a Judaic Studies Center in the United States” passed away today.

1975(15th of Tishrei, 5736): Sukkoth

1975: Henry Kissinger, the first Jewish Secretary of State met with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko whose country was busy locking up Jewish refusniks.

1975: On ABC, premiere broadcast the first episode of “Saturday Night Live With Howard Cosell” (not to be confused with the late night Saturday night program).

1976: In Washington, DC, of Joan Lurie (née Marx) and Eric Lawrence "Rick" Bernthal, a lawyer with Latham & Watkins LLP gave birth to actor Jonathan Edward “Jon” Bernthal, the brother of Nicholas and Thomas Bernthal and the grandson of Syracuse University basketball player and violinist Murray Bernthal.

1976(25th of Elul, 5736): Seventy-one year old Kermit Bloomgarden, the Broadway producer whose productions included “The Diary of Ann Frank” passed away today.

1976: In Flossmoor, IL, “Fern (Malis) Salamensky, who worked for her family’s scrap metal business, and Paul Salamensky, a welfare examiner gave birth to New York Law School graduate Beth Mara Salamensky who was active in the Jewish L.G.B.T.Q. community. (As reported by Julia Carmel)

1976: CBS broadcast he first episode of season five of “Maude” a sitcom created by Norman Lear and starring Bea Arthur as Maude

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that the military government destroyed a terrorist's house in Beit Hanina.

1977: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Lou Grant” produced by Gary David Goldberg.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that US President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan wound up their talks amid continuing differences between their governments on the question of the Palestinian representation at the reconvened Geneva Peace Conference and the establishment of new settlements in the administered areas. Israel announced that it would not soften its stand against the proposal allowing Arabs to attend the Geneva Conference in a single, unified delegation which might include the Palestine Liberation Organization. Given the distance of time, the Likud (Begin then; Sharon now) has certainly changed its stance on this issue.

1979: Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman who had also been convicted of several robberies.  Goldman was the son of Alter Mojze Goldman, a Polish Jew who was active in the French Resistance during World War II.

1980(10th of Tishrei, 5741): Yom Kippur

1980: Avraham "Avi" Cohen, an Israeli playing football for Liverpool (UK) caused a stir when he played in today’s match with Southhampton which ended with a score of 2-2.  There were those who thought he should have followed in the footsteps of Hank Greenberg and Sandy Koufax and not played on Yom Kippur.

1981: Final performance of Hanoch Levine's ''Ya'acobi and Leidental,'' a contemporary Israeli comedy running at the La Mama annex

1982(3rd of Tishrei, 5743):Tzom Gedaliah – Jewish football fans must not only go without food and drink they must go without the professional version of their game since the NFL players went on strike for the first time in history.

1982: The BBC broadcast the first episode of “Smiley’s People” featuring Maureen Diane Lipman in the role of Stella Craven.

1984: NBC broadcast the first episode of “The Cosby Show” a sit-com created by Ed Weinberger.

1984: NBC broadcast the first episode of the third season of “Family Ties” a sitcom created by Gary David Goldberg.

1985: Birthdate of Canadian mixed martial artist Sarah Kaufman who has opted not to follow the faith of her father.

1987(26th of Elul, 5747): Sixty-three year Tony Award winner Michael Stewart passed today. (As reported by Jeremy Gerard)

1990(1st of Tishrei, 5751): Rosh Hashanah

1990: NBC broadcast the first episode of season seven of “The Cosby Show” a sit-com created by Ed Weinberger.

1991: “The Fisher King” which marked the film debut of Dan Futterman was released today in the United States by TriStar Pictures.

1991: “McBain” a box-office disappointment “directed and written by James Glickenhuas” was released today in the United States.

1992: STS-47. The 50th Space Shuttle Mission whose crew included Jay Apt came to an end today.

1992(22nd of Elul, 5752): Seventy-nine year old sculptor Reuben Kadish passed away.  (As reported by Roberta Smith)

1993(5th of Tishrei, 5754): Eighty year old Cyrus Leo Sulzberger, the New York Times Pulitzer prize winning correspondent and author, the nephew of NYT publisher Arthur Hays Sulzberg, who was known by his initials as C.L. Sulzberger passed away today.

1994(15th of Tishrei, 5755): Sukkoth

1994(15th of Tishrei, 5755): Seventy-four year old Michael Dekel, the native of Pinsk who fought in the Red Army during WW II, before making Aliyah in 1949 passed away today.  An MK, he served in several different cabinet posts.

1995(25th of Elul, 5755): Seventy-nine year old “Walter A. Haas Jr., patriarch of the San Francisco family that controls Levi Strauss & Company” passed away today.

1996(7th of Tishrei, 5757): Eighty-three year old Hungarian mathematician Paul Erdős passed away today. (As reported by Roberta Smith)

1998: “The musical revival group 42nd Street Moon in San Francisco, presented a staged concert of Redhead,” “a musical with music composed by Albert Hague and lyrics by Dorothy Fields, who with her brother, Herbert, along with Sidney Sheldon wrote the book/libretto” for the last time tonight.

1998: Outfielder Gabe Kapler made his major league debut with the Detroit Tigers.

1998: The New York Times book section featured reviews by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including “The Brink of Peace: The Israeli-Syrian Negotiations” by Itamar Rabinovich.

1998: In “The Lost Tribe of Natchez,” Jennifer Moses describes the fate of the Jewish community of Natchez, Mississippi.

1999(10th of Tishrei, 5760): Yom Kippur

1999: Speaking at a high school in Des Moines, Iowa, Republican presidential candidate Steve Forbes and editor of Forbes magazine tells the students that the Ten Commandments should be displayed in all schools because they are "the basis for this civilization." “The Ten Commandments gave us Judaism from which flowed Christianity.”

2000: Barbra Streisand performed the first of two concerts at the Staples Center.

2001: Twenty-six year old Sarit Amrani was shot by members of the Al-Aqsa Martyr’s Brigade.

2002: This afternoon, “the University of Tennessee will dedicate the newest addition to the Tennessee athletic complex, the Wolf-Kaplan Center” which “is named in honor of the two donors who made the lead donation to make the facility possible, Drs. Robert J. Kaplan and Rodney Y. Wolf, both of Memphis.”

2002: Ninety-one year old Necdet Kent, the Turkish diplomat, who while serving as vice-counsel in Marseilles from 1941 to 1944 risked his life to save Jews, passed away.

“When Kent heard that Turkish Jews who were living in France were rounded up by the Nazis, he personally went to the train station and demanded the release of all Jews who were Turkish citizens. According to Arnold Reisman, “When the guards refused to comply, he got into the wagon with them. A German officer ordered him to get off but Kent refused to leave unless they let his Turkish citizens off as well. Angrily, the officer said no, you can go with them and closed the door. After three hours of extreme cold and filth, the train arrived at the next station. Obviously realizing a possibly explosive international incident had to be quickly diffused, the German officer who opened the door to the wagon apologized profusely and allowed Kent to leave and take all the people in the wagon with him, never looking at papers, never checking to see if they were Turkish citizens or not.” He saved 80 Jewish lives.”

2003(23rd of Elul, 5763): Parashat Nitzavim-Vayeilech; Leil Selichot

2003(23rd of Elul, 5763): Eighty-nine year old Bernard Manischewitz, whose family name is synonymous with kosher food passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

2004: An Israeli airstrike tonight “was carried out against a vehicle carrying two Hamas terrorists who were on their way to launch a rocket attack."

2004: “The Westchester County authorities said” today that they had arrested a Bronx man, Thomas Zibelli, 33, of Radcliff Avenue, who worked as a security guard and in a machine shop, for recruiting minors to post pro-Hitler and white power stickers on buildings, including a synagogue, in Mount Vernon. (As reported by Marek Fuchs)

2005: Yedioth Ahronoth reported that that there is more ethnic diversity in the U.S. Jewish community than previously believed. New research finds 20% of Jewish America is ethnically and racially diverse; study shows increase in diverse Jews mirrors changing racial, religious character of America.

2005: Rabbi Miri Gold, of the Birkat Shalom congregation in the Gezer community, who is a Reform rabbi, petitioned the High Court of Justice demanding that she be appointed to the official position of chief rabbi of her community. Gezer regional council already employs some 16 rabbis, whose salaries are paid for by the state. Rabbi Gold already acts as Gezer community's chief rabbi and provides religious services throughout the area. Gezer's official web site also acknowledges her as the official rabbi.

2005 (16th of Elul, 5765): Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal passed away at the age of 96.

2005: The Zionist Central Council of Greater Manchester presented the Herzl Award to Jonathan Hantman.

2005: Tonight, “Israel's leading known Kabbalistic Elder, Rabbi Yitzchak Kaduri called upon worldwide Jewry to return to Israel due to natural disasters which threaten to strike the world.”

2005: Jonathan Letham received a MacArthur Fellowship

2005: IDF temporarily entered the northern Gaza Strip, constructing a buffer zone parallel to the border near Beit Hanoun before pulling out.[

2006: During the “Cash for Honors” investigation, Lord Levy (Michael Levy) was questioned for a second time and then released on bail. It would take another 9 months before that no charges would be brought against.  The wheels of justice grind slowly.

2006: Rabbi Sir Jonathan Sacks, the Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth broadcasts his New Year message In A Strange Land on the BBC One

2006: In accordance with Herzl’s last request, his children, Hans and Pauline Herzl, are interred beside him in Jerusalem’s Ht. Herzl Cemetery.

2006: A bill introduced by Congressman Henry Waxman “that would lift the bank on federal money for subway tunneling in his district passed the House by a unanimous vote.

2007: Israeli Daniel Sharon is arrested in Lebanon on suspicion of involvement in murder and spying. Further investigation will establish that he is a convert to Islam and a self-identified homosexual.  He will be released in mid-October, 2007.

2007: An IDF Spokesperson's Unit video of St.-Sgt. Ben-Zion Henman, filmed only moments before the soldier was shot to death during operations in Nablus, was released.

2007: The 107th annual meeting of the Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago was held today at the Hyatt Regency Chicago, 151 E. Wacker Drive, Chicago. Daniel C. Kurtzer, the United States Ambassador to Israel from 2001 to 2005 and current Commissioner of the Israel Baseball League, was the guest speaker. Midge Perlman Shafton, who has been active in the Chicago Jewish community for more than 30 years, was honored with the 45th annual Julius Rosenwald Memorial Award, the highest honor bestowed by the Federation.

2008: In Washington, D.C., journalist and philosopher Bernard Henri-Lévy presents the annual Gerald L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture drawn from his new book, “Left in Dark Times: A Stand Against the New Barbarism,” at the French Embassy.

2008: Selichot observances begin at Temple Judah with a wine and cheese reception and a viewing of the Israeli film, Joy, followed by services.

2008(20th of Elul, 5768): Eighty-five year old Russian history expert, Marc Raeff passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

2008 (20 Elul): Yahrzeit of Jacob Levin; gone from this world, but not from our worlds and our hearts.

2008 (20 Elul): In Manhattan, Joseph Shenker, who as the first president of La Guardia Community College in New York was a leader in having students combine on-the-job experience with their studies, passed away at the age of 68. For the last 13 years he was provost of the C. W. Post campus of Long Island University  and lived near the campus in Brookville, N.Y.

2009: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “I Shudder: And Other Reactions to Life, Death, and New Jersey” by Paul Rudnick and the recently released paperback edition of “A Path Out of the Desert: A Grand Strategy for America in the Middle East” by Kenneth M. Pollack.

2009: The Los Angeles Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “The Possibility of Everything" by Hope Edelman

2009: A memorial service was held today to celebrate the life of the artist Julius Schulman whose last exhibition was at Craig Krull Gallery in Los Angeles.

2009 (2 Tishrei, 5770): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

2009: Eighty-six year old music publishing executive Freddy Bienstock” who played a key role in promoting the career of Elvis Presley passed away today. (As reported by Ben Sisario)

2009: IDF troops killed two Palestinian militants and wounded three in an incident along the Gaza border late this afternoon. The IDF said in a statement that a border patrol fired tank and artillery shells at a group of Palestinians seen planting a bomb at the Gaza border fence.

2010: Center for Jewish History, Center for Traditional Music and Dance and World Music Institute is scheduled to present a program entitled “The Hidden Musical Treasures of Romania.”

2010: Former President Jimmy Carter’s new book, White House Diary, which includes his criticisms of President Clinton’s and President Obama’s policies in Israel including the building of settlements on the West Bank is scheduled to go on sale today.

2010: Denver based editorial cartoonist Ed Stein “launched a national comic strip called “Freshly Squeezed.”

2010: The winner of the People’s Choice Award is scheduled to be named today by Sukkah City, an international Sukkah-building competition based in New York City that has pitted famous and not-so-famous architects against one another in an attempt to create deliberately temporary structures of beauty, art and artifice.

2010: New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced that “Fractured Bubble” by Henry Grosman and Babak Bryan and “Shim Sukkah” by Tinder, Tinker had won New York’s first international succah design competition, winning the People’s Choice and jury prizes, respectively.

2011: An international conference on anti-Semitism that coincides with the 70th anniversary of the murder of 33,771 Jews at Babi Yar later this month is scheduled to take place in the Kiev today

2011: “HaHov” (The Debt) is scheduled to be shown at the JCC in Manhattan. 

2011: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today at a Likud party conference that he is aware he will come under heavy pressure as he prepared to leave for New York. Netanyahu added that "it is much easier to win applause from world nations by extensive concessions we make, and then we see what we get.

2011: Ehud Barak has convinced Nigeria to not support the Palestinian statehood bid, a statement from the Defense Ministry reported today.

2012: Mish Galprin, author of Reimagining Leadership in Jewish Organizations is scheduled to deliver a lecture titled “Ten Practical Lessons to Help You Implement Change and Achieve Your Goals” in Washington, DC

2012: Iran deliberately provided false information about its nuclear program to Western investigators and the International Atomic Energy Agency, a senior Iranian official has confirmed.

2012: Steve Feller is scheduled to deliver a lecture titled “Light Fantastic: A Forum on the Understanding of the Nature of Light” at Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

2012: In “NFL to honor NFL Films' Steve Sabol on Sunday” published today, Gregg Rosenthal described plans to honor the man whose cinema skills and foresight helped to popularize professional football.

2012: Sarah Silverman made a public service announcement (PSA) criticizing new voter identification laws that create obstacles to the ability of certain U.S. populations to vote in the November presidential election, i.e., young, old, poor, and minority citizens” that “was financed by the Jewish Council for Education and Research (JCER) and was co-produced by Mik Moore and Ari Wallach.”

2012: Support for President Barack Obama among Jews in the state of Florida is down 7 percent on 2008, according to an American Jewish Committee (AJC) poll released today.

2013: “Fill the Void” is scheduled to open in Boise, Idaho.

2013(16th of Tishrei, 5774): Second Day of Sukkoth

2013(16th of Tishrei, 5774): Tomer Hazan, a Sergeant in the Israeli Air Force was murdered tonight after being “lured to the village of Beit Amin by Nidal Amar.”

2013: In London, Dr. Robert Friedman is scheduled to lecture on the story behind his latest work, 28 Letters: The Short Life Of Renée (Baba) Friedmann On Not So Calm Waters

2014: As of today, Joan “Hamburg is heard on WABC-770 from 1 to 3 on Saturday afternoon.

2014(25th of Elul, 5774): Eighty-four year old actress Polly Bergen who converted to Judaism in 1957 passed away today.

2014: Rabbi Ari Israel, the Executive Director of University of Maryland Hillel is scheduled to speak on “Israel and Judaism: forming Positive Jewish Identities at Any Age or Stage.”

2014: Gidi Gov and Berry Sakharoff are scheduled to appear at the Phasa Morgana Festival.

2014: The Vengerov Festival, featuring its namesake violinist Maxim Vengerov who came to I

2014: “The daily L’Echo reported that “the Belgian authorities have prevented several attacks by jihadist fighters returning home from Syrian and by sympathizers with the Islamic State extremist group.” (As reported by Times of Israel)

2014: It was announced today, that “a large stalactite and stalagmite cave” has been “discovered in the Jerusalem hills” the location is being kept secret, so as to ensure the public does not enter before steps have been taken to ascertain how the ancient cavern and its formations can be preserved.” (As reported by Itamar Sharon)

2014: An Israeli drone crashed in southern Lebanon near the border between Israel and Lebanon.

2014: Zemer Chai joined with the clergy of six Maryland synagogues in a unique community Selichot service, in partnership with the Jewish Community Center of Greater Washington.

2015: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Court and The World: American Law and the New Global Realities by Stephen Breyer, Sisters In Law: How Sandra Day O’Connor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg Went to the Supreme Court and Changed the World by Linda Hirshman and The Social Sex: A History of Female Friendship co-authored by Marilyn Yalom

2015: Hungarian natives and Holocaust survivors Eva and Les Aigner are scheduled to deliver a lecture on their experiences at the George R. White Library on the campus of Concordia University.

2015: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host “Both Ground and Plow: Looking for Vilna” during which Rita Gabis will discuss “her quest to recover Vilna through poetry and personal memory.”

2015: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled host two former members of the House of Representatives speaking on “The Partisan Divide: Congress in Crisis.”

2015: In Cedar Rapids, IA, Rabbi Todd is scheduled to begin teaching Temple Judah’s first ever class in “Biblical Hebrew.”

2015: At the Jewish Museum, “Revolution of the Eye: Modern Art and the Birth of American Television” is scheduled to come to a close today.

2015: The by American Jewish Historical Society, American Sephardi Federation, in partnership with the Mizrahi Film Series, the Taub Center for Israel Studies, the Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies Department, and the Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies, New York University are scheduled to host a “reading, screening and discussion to celebrate the publication of Yitzhak Gormezano-Goren’s Alexandrian Summer in English, and Amit Goren’s film premiere of Alexandrian Summers Again and Forever.”

2015: The Toronto International Film Festival which has included screenings of “Rabin, The Last Day,” Ido Haar’s documentary “Thru You Princess,” “Demolition” starring Jake Gyllenhaal and “Spotlight” starring Leiv Schreiber” is scheduled to come to a close today.

2015: Andy Samberg is scheduled to serve as m. c. of tonight’s 67th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards.

2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to conduct a noontime walking tour of “Jewish Downtown Washington.”

2016: “Rabbi Dr. Donniel Hartman, head of the Shalom Hartman Institute, spokr at the Jerusalem ordination ceremony of the first cohort of the Beit Midrash for Israeli Rabbis” today.

2016(17th of Elul, 5776): Seventy-three year old Robot inventor Victor Scheinman passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

2016: A-WA “an Israeli band made up of the three sisters Tair, Liron, and Tagel Haim” is scheduled to perform at “The Knitting Factory.”

2016: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host a talk “by Suzanne Hertzberg, the author of Katherine Joseph: Photographing an Era of Social Significance as part of the opening the exhibition “Secrets of the Greatest Generation: Stories Our Mothers Never Told Us.”

2016: “Defying the Nazis: The Sharps' War,” a new film directed by Ken Burns and Artemis Joukowsky is scheduled to shown on PBS at 9 pm EDT and 8 pm CDT.

2017: This morning, JW3 is scheduled to the final screening of “Green Park,” a documentary about the iconic Anglo-Jewish hostelry.

2017(29th of Elul, 5777): Ninety-nine year old Lilian Ross, a mainstay of The New Yorker, passed away today.

2017(29th of Elul, 5777): Erev Rosh Hashanah שנה טובה, כתיבה וחתימה טובה.

2017: Last day of 5777; in the evening Erev Rosh Hashanah – 5778 לשׁנה טובה

2017: Rabbi Jonathan Feldman and Rabbi Joshua Klein are scheduled to lead services sponsored by MJE EAST at the Fifth Avenue Synagogue followed by a social complete with refreshments.

2017: As Jews prepare to celebrate Rosh Hashanah the friends and family Gusti Kollman celebrate the 105th birthday of Gusti Kollman!

2018: “The American Jewish Historical Society” and the “Center for Jewish History” are scheduled to present a screening of the documentary “Love Gilda: the Eternal Spirit of Gilda Radner.”

2018: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host the two final screenings of the Silver Lion award winning film “Paradise.”

2019: For those looking for something different to start Shabbat, the Street Market and Wok in Jerusalem is scheduled to host “Sushi Friday.”

2019: In Baltimore is scheduled to host a variety of erev Shabbat events including a Young Families Tot Shabbat in the morning and in the evening Kabbalat Shabbat Service preceded by an “Oneg Shabbat Snack.”

2019: In San Francisco, “star of TV, stage and screen Tovah Feldshuh is scheduled to perform highlights from Broadway musical “Queen of Mean” about Leona Helmsley.”

2019: The third episode of “The Spy” starring Sacha Baron Cohen as a legendary Mossad agent is scheduled to be shown on Netflix.

2019: The Temple Emanu-El Streicker Center is scheduled to hold a special Friday night service with Karenna Gore speaking on “Our Moral and Religious Obligations to Protect the Earth.”

2020: Suburban Temple-Kol Ami is scheduled to hold a service for “kids and teens” via Zoon start at nine o’clock.

2020: Chochmat HaLev and Camp Tawonga are scheduled to host “Drawing on Forgiveness” -- Improv sketching with artist Meg Adler to encourage self-forgiveness during the Days of Awe.

2020: In Iowa City, Chabad Rabbi Avremel Blesofsky is scheduled to lead an “outdoor social distancing minyan” in his backyard complete with Shofar blowing.

2020: Kol HaLev, Cleveland’s Reconstructionist Jewish Community is scheduled to host morning services after which “attendees will participate in Kiddush rituals.”

2020: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Daddy: Stories by Emma Cline, The Presidents vs. The Press: The Endless Battle Between the White House and the Media — From the Founding Fathers to Fake News by Harold Holzer, and Cry Havoc: Charlottesville and Democracy Under Siege by Michael Signer

2020: As Jews gather virtually or in socially distanced venues to observe the Second Day of Rosh Hashanah, references to “the Book of Life” take on an added poignancy as they mourn the passing Ruth Bader Ginsberg who died erev Rosh Hashanah.

2020(2nd of Tishrei, 5781): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

2021(14th of Tishrei, 5782): Erev Sukkoth

2021: This evening in San Francisco, Congregation Emanu-El is scheduled to host a “Sukkot gathering and talk by artist Shimon Attie, who will discuss his new floating art installation “Night Watch,” which explores the humanitarian issues of displacement, asylum and transience.”

2021: The Boston Synagogue is scheduled to present Kochava Munro leading a “First Night of Sukkot Niggun Circle.”

2021: The Aquarian Minyan is scheduled to present Jewish educator Marty Potrop teaching about the “odd rituals” of Sukkot, Hoshana Rabbah and Shemini Atzeret.

2021: Graveside services are scheduled to be held this afternoon at the Old Beth Israel Cemetery in New Orleans for  Annette Smith Smason, an amazing woman and a real Ashish Chayil  who filled the world with joy during her 89 years.  Annette Smason, music maven of Smith's Records, succumbs in Dallas - Crescent City Jewish News Crescent City Jewish News


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