630: Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that will capture it bloodlessly. At first Mohammed “had hoped to find is main supporters among the Jewish tribes” of Arabia. This can be seen in his early adoption of certain laws regarding fasting and facing Jerusalem during prayer. When the Jews refused to accept him as the final line of prophets that had included Abraham and Moses, he turned against the Jews “in a cruel war of extermination.” Mohammed would die two years after the conquest of Mecca, but his legacy lives on to this very day.
1430: The Jews of Sicily were no longer required to attend “conversionist services.”
1431: Birthdate of Valencia native Rodrigo de Broja who as Pope Alexander VI employed Bonet de Lattes, a Jewish born rabbi from Provence and “the inventor of an astronomical ring-dial by means of which solar and stellar altitudes can be measured and the time determined with great precision by night as well as by day” as his physician.
1438: Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary. Albert confirmed the privilegium of Béla IV. In 1251 Béla had granted a privilgium to his Jewish subjects which was essentially the same as that granted by Duke Frederick II the Quarrelsome to the Austrian Jews in 1244, but which Béla modified to suit the conditions of Hungary.
1484: “In Wildhaus, in the Toggenburg Valley of Switzerland,” Ulrich Zwingli and his wife gave birth to Huldrych Zwingli, the leader of the Reformation in Switzerland who at a minimum “studied and admired the Hebrew language, used it to some advantage” in his work and “took over some Hebraic teachings while evincing little concern for contemporary Jews.”
1515: Louis XII who ordered the final expulsion of the Jews from Provence in 1501 and who introduced a tax in 1512 on the remaining Jews there, who had accepted baptism known as the "tax of the neophytes," passed away today.
1515: King Francis I succeedt0 to the French throne. Francis did not have any Jewish subjects since they had been expelled by Charles V at the end of the 14th century and they would not return until 1675 when Louis XIV would grant permission to the Jews living in Alsace and Lorraine, his two newly acquired provinces, to remain in their ancestral homes. For some strange reason Francis showed an interest in the Hebrew language. He invited August Justiniani, the Bishop of Corsica who was reputed to be a serious student of Hebrew literature to move to France. He also invited Elias Levita, the renowned Hebrew grammarian and poet, to move to France and accept a professorship in the Hebrew language. Levita declined the offer for obvious reasons.
1515: Jews were expelled from Laibach, Austria.
1527: Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin. There were no Croatian Jews in attendance since the Jews had been expelled and there was no record of any Jews living in Croatia after 1526.
1549(Shevat, 5309): Elia Levita also known as Elijah Levita, Elias Levita, Eliahu Bakhur ("Eliahu the Bachelor") a Renaissance-period Hebrew grammarian, poet and one of the first writers in the Yiddish language passed away. Born in 1469, he “was the author of the Bovo-Bukh the most popular chivalric romance written in Yiddish, which, according to Sol Liptzin, is ‘generally regarded as the most outstanding poetic work in Old Yiddish.’”
1559: Frederick II, who moved to keep Jews out his realm by ordering ‘that all foreigners in Denmark had to affirm their commitment to 25 articles of faith central to Lutheranism on pain of deportation, began his reign as King of Denmark and Norway today.
1565: A papal decree issued today order that “the fines levied on Jews for possessing scrip certificates of indebtedness, lending money on interest, or engaging in certain occupations were to go to the support” of Houses of Catechumens, “a Roman institution for converting Jews to Catholocism.”
1577: Today, Pope Gregory XIII decreed that all Roman Jews, under pain of death, must listen attentively to the compulsory Catholic conversion sermon given in Roman synagogues after Friday night services.
1578: Today, Pope Gregory XIII signed into law a tax forcing Jews to pay for the support of a “House of Conversion” to convert Jews to Christianity.
1581: Today, Pope Gregory XIII ordered his troops to confiscate all sacred literature from the Roman Jewish community. Thousands of Jews were murdered in the campaign.
1594: Rodrigo Lopez, a Marrano who was serving as physician to Queen Elizabeth, was arrested on charges of trying to poison the English Monarch
1627 (13th of Tevet, 5387): A press belonging to Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel published a prayer book, which was the first work produced by this Hebrew particular printing press.
1651: Coronation of King Charles II of Scotland who as King Charles of II of England would issue several proclamations guaranteeing the rights of the fledgling Jewish community in the British Isles.
1714: Leffmann Behrends, the son of Issachar Barmann and the grandson of Isaac Cohen of Borkum, who was a leading German financier who used his influence to protect his co-religionists passed away today.
1715: Birthdate of Leah Tobias, the wife of Joseph Tobias and the mother of Joseph, Jr., Masdad, Rinah, Jacob and Judith Tobias.
1763(16th of Tevet, 5523): Parashat Vayehci
1766: Charles Edward Stuart the leader of Jacobite forces whose invasion had caused panic among many of London’s financiers, except most notably Sampson Gideon” who provided the government with money and support, that led to the crown’s victory at the Battle of Culloden which ended a major threat to the Hanovarian English monarchy began his “pretendence today.
1773: In Pennsylvania, Miriam Simon and Michael Gratz gave birth to Simon Gratz, the husband of Mary Smith and the father of Louisa, Caroline, Edward, Simon, Jr., Mary, Theordore, David and Elizabeth Gratza.
1774: In London, Joseph Moss and his wife gave birth to John Moss, who settled in Philadelphia where he married Rebecca Lyons with whom he had nine children.
1778(2nd of Tevet, 5538): As the world ushers in the New Year, Jews observe the Eighth and final day of Chanukah.
1781: In New York City, Reyna Malcha Hays and Isaac Touro gave birth to Nathan Touro.
1784: Sara Rodrigues Alvares and Abraham Furtado, President of the Assemblee des Notables gave birth to their daughter Anne Emilie
1790: Birthdate of Alsace-Lorraine, France native Michelette Lazard, the husband of Paul Godchot with whom she had seven children, five of whom died in the United States as adults.
1793 Birthdate of Bertha Morgenstern, the native of Russia who came to New York City in 1842 with her children and husband.
1798: The first Jewish censor was appointed by the Russian government to censor all Hebrew books printed in Russia or imported from other countries. As you can see from the next comment about life under Communism, the Czars and the Commissars agreed on the need to censor Jewish books. However, sometimes, the outcome could be a bit on comical side. “Yosef Mendelovitch tells that when he was being transferred from one Russian prison to another, he was in temporary possession of his Chumash that had been confiscated when he was first imprisoned. He would have to give it up again upon arrival at the new prison. Also in his possession was a collection of selected speeches by Brezhnev translated into Yiddish. This book was officially passed by the censor (which is why I'm relating this story). He separated content from covers in both books, which happened to be of the same size, got rid of the speeches, and pasted (with well-chewed bread) the Chumash into the censor-approved cover. His Chumash passed cursory inspection at his new prison and was his unfailing companion during his incarceration.”
1799: Birthdate of Samuel Hays Myers, the son of Samuel Myers, the husband of Eliza Kennon Mordecai and the father of Caroline and Edmund Myers.
1802: In a letter written to the Danbury, CT Baptist Association, Thomas Jefferson coined the metaphor, "a wall of separation between Church and State." (Editor’s note: Many think this term originated in 1947, when the "wall of separation" concept gained acceptance as a constitutional guideline. It obviously dates back to the Founding Fathers. Contrary to the nonsense being passed around by various demagogues today, separation of Church and State was a basic concept in the founding of the United States. The assault on Jefferson’s “Wall of Separation” could be styled as an attempt by modern day radicals to undo the work of the American Revolution.)
1803: In Jamaica, Solomon Isaacs and his wife gave birth to their fifth son Soloman Isaac, the husband of Charlotte Jame Thornthwaite and the father of Arthur, Ernest, Gertrude, Charles, Agnes and Percy Isaacs all of whom lived in London.
1804: As a result of the slave revolt of Toussaint L’Ouverture French rule ends in Haiti making Haiti the first black republic and first independent country in the West Indies. “Unfortunately, “during the slave revolt, much of the Jewish community was murdered or expelled from Haiti. A few years later, many Polish Jews arrived in Haiti due to civil strife in Poland.”
1807: Birthdate of German rabbi Asher Sammter
1807: Birthdate of Abraham Kohn, the Chief Reform Rabbi of Lemberg.
1808: Several restrictions on Jewish ownership of land went into effect in Russia.
1809: In Frankfurt am Main, Jacob Hirsch Kahn, the son of Miriam and Isaac Jacob Kahn and his wife Jetta Kahn gave birth to Babette Kann.
1811: Today Lübeck was annexed to France. This meant an end to all anti-Jewish discrimination including an abolition of the special taxes of the "Schutzjuden.” This change brought an influx of Jews who entered the town from surrounding areas including Moisling. All this would come to an end when the French left and the Germans again took control. :
1812: In Brighton, Sussex, Hannah Benjamin and Levi Emanuel Cohen gave birth to Australian newspaper man Abraham Cohen.
1815: Birthdate of German author Boas Eduard who passed away in June of 1853.
1816(20th of Kislev, 5576): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah combined with celebration of New Year’s Day.
1826: In Frankfurt am Main Zerlinr and Meyer Levin Beyfus gave birth to Marie Beyfus.
1827(2nd of Tevet, 5587): Last of Day of Chanukah coincides with the First Day of the New Year.
1829: One day after he had passed away, Levy Abrahams was buried at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”
1831: In Lancashire, Henrietta Israel and Louis Samuel gave birth to Adelaide Samuel
1834: Gustav Schwabe, a Jewish native of Hamburg whose family was forced to convert when he was 6 years old, became a partner at Boustead and Company was renamed Boustead, Schwabe and Company.
1834: In Blieskastel, Salomon Oppenheimer and Johanetta Kahn gave birth to their fourth son David Oppenheimer who eventually settled in Vancouver, BC where he became a successful businessman and served as the city’s second mayor.
1834: Birthdate of Salomon Stricker, the native of Waag-Neustdadt which was part of the Autro-Hungarian Empire at that time who became a note pathologist and histologist.
1834: Birthdate of Ludovic Halévy, a member of the famed Halevy clan whose artistic and social activities spanned at least three centuries starting in 1760. Halevy was prominent in the musical theatre of 19th century France. One of his most famous works was the libretto for the opera “Carmen.” Halevy is an example of the fate of European Jews. His father had converted in order to marry the daughter of the architect Louis-Hippolyte Lebas and this enabled him in 1831 to become assistant professor of French literature at the Ecole Polytechnique, where there was some discrimination against Jews.
1837: Earthquake in the Tzfat-Tiberias area of Eretz Israel killed between two thousand and four thousand people, mostly Jews. Many monuments and archaeological sites were damaged. The quake is also called The Galilee Earthquake of 1937 and the Safed Earthquake.
1837(24th of Tevet, 5597): Nissim Zerahiah Azulai “editor and annotator of Shabbethai Cohen's "Shulḥan ha-Ṭahor" (The Pure Table), a treatise on the 613 commandments, perished in the earthquake at Safed”
1844: In Austrian Galicia, Wolf Neumann, a Hebrew and Talmudic scholar and his wife gave birth to Moses Newman who came to the United States in 1897 and was active in the Jewish Galician Federation.
1845: In Odenbach, Germany, Freda Hart and Jacob A. Felsenthal gave birth to Henrietta (Yetta) Felsenthal who settled in Chicago where she gave birth to three children – Samuel, David and Jane – with her husband Simon
1845: In Charleston, SC, A.J. Brady of Athens, GA, married Adeline Moses, the “youngest daughter of Isaiah Moses.
1847: In “Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia,” Solomon and Caroline Phillips gave birth to jeweler turned political leader Simeon Phillips who served in the legislature and as Mayor of Dubbo and was the husband of Rosetta Phillips.
1849: Birthdate of Alois Epstein, the native of Bohemia who graduated from the University of Prague with an M.D. in 1873 and became a leading Austrian podiatrist.
1854: Solomon Nunes Carvalho, a South Carolina native of Portuguese and Sephardic Jewish descent, who had the good or bad fortune to join John C. Fremont's 1853-54 mapping expedition to the Rocky Mountains, served a dessert of blanc mange “to the ‘satisfaction and astonishment of the whole party,’ a fitting climax to a meal of horse soup and horse steaks fried in buffalo tallow.”
1854(1st of Tevet, 5614): Rosh Chodesh Tevet
1858(15th of Tevet, 5618): Eighty-year-old Isaac Pinto, the son of Jacob and Abigail Pinto and the husband of Maria Pinto passed away today in Chillicothe, Ohio.
1858: French author Mario Uchard exchanged New Year's greetings with the famed Franco-Jewish actress Rachel Félix in which the latter seemed to be bidding Uchard "an eternal adiu. However, her doctor assured Uchard that "she would live some days longer.
[Editor’s Note: The following is not an error. There were two different letters.]
1859: The New York Times published a copy of the letter “The Executive Committee of the Representatives of the United Congregations of Israelites of the City of New York” had sent to President James Buchanan in November of 1858 concerning the Mortara Case. Their letter included a reference to the letter sent by The London Committee of Deputies of British Jews “to their brethren in the United States” seeking their support in having the boy who was kidnapped in Bologna returned to his family. The letter informed the President of the support being offered by several European nations and of plans to hold a public meeting to enlist public support in the United States. The committee reminded President Buchanan of the prompt action taken by President Van Buren in 1840 when he was asked to intervene to aid the persecuted Jews of Damascus and expressed the hope that he would do the same.
1859: The New York Times published a copy of the letter The Executive Committee of the Representatives of the United Congregations of Israelites of the City of New York had sent to President James Buchanan in December of 1858 which described a public meeting held on December 4 in which Jews and non-Jews gathered to demand the return of Edgardo Mortara to his parents. Those attending the meeting also petitioned the President to join with the several European nations who were protesting the kidnapping of the youngster by representatives of the Pope.
1861: In St. Joseph, MO, Max and Bertha Eppstein gave birth to Seraphine Eppstein who gained fame as Seraphine Pisklo after marrying Denver businessman Edward Pisko in 1878 at the age of seventeen and who played an active leadership role at the National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives in Denver from 1911 until her retirement in 1938.
1861: Birthdate of London native Samuel Isaac Cohen who served as a “communal secretary”
1861: In Riddleville, GA Charles Wessolowsky and Johanna Wessolowsky gave birth to Morris Weslosky the husband of Julia Weslosky.
1862: Jacques Van Praag married Rebecca Levy today in Holland.
1863(10th of Tevet, 5623): Asara B’Tevet
1863: Birthdate of David Davidson who had lived in Sioux Falls, SD, came to Sioux City, IA in 1883 where he was a “merchant.”
1863: In Poland, Abraham Jacob Bauer and his wife gave birth to Sol H. Bauer who served as the rabbi at several Chicago Congregations including Moses Montefiore Congregation, The First Hungarian Congregation and Congregation Anshe Emeth.
1863: Edward Rosewater, a member of the United States Telegraph Corps serving at the White House telegraph office, was responsible sending out President Abraham Lincoln’s “Emancipation Proclamation” today. Rosewater was born to a Jewish family in Bohemia and moved to the United States in 1854
1863: During the Civil War, Confederate forces recaptured Galveston, Texas with assistance from Rosanna Dyer Osterman. As recounted in Jewish Women in America: An Historical
Encyclopedia, Rosanna Dyer Osterman, a native of Germany, was living in Galveston, Texas, in 1862 when Union forces captured the city. She had come to Texas in 1838 to help her husband run his mercantile business. Eventually, she became a leading member of the Jewish community, helping to bring the first rabbi to Texas in 1852. When the Civil War broke out, Osterman, by then a widow, remained in Galveston. While many others left for the mainland, she stayed to nurse the sick and wounded, turning her home into a hospital. After the city was captured by Northern troops, she provided military information to Confederate officers in Houston. This information helped them to successfully recapture Galveston on January 1, 1863. Just three years later, Osterman was killed in a steamboat explosion on the Mississippi River. In her will, she left her considerable fortune, over $200,000, to a host of Jewish and benevolent institutions. Gifts went to Jewish hospitals in New York, New Orleans, and Cincinnati, and enabled the establishment of a Hebrew Benevolent Society in Galveston, which cared for poor and sick people of all faiths. Osterman's bequests also funded synagogues in Houston and Galveston, a Home for Widows and Orphans and a Sailors’ Home in Galveston, and a Jewish Foster Home in Philadelphia. In an obituary, the Galveston News lauded Osterman for her "unselfish devotion to the suffering and the sick" and said that "the history of Rosanna Osterman is more eloquently written in the untold charities that have been dispensed by her liberal hands than any eulogy man can bestow."
1864: In Hoboken, NJ, Edward Stieglitz, a lieutenant in the Union Army and the former Hedwig Ann Werner gave to Alfred Stieglitz considered by some to be “the father of modern photography.”
1864: Corporal Philip A. Barnet began serving with Company B of the 51st Regiment.
1864: In Bonn, Ludwig Philippson and his wife gave birth “German geologist and geographer” Alfred Philippson.
1864: Corporal Moses Bahney began his service with Company B of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment.
1864: Philadelphian August Solomon began his service with Company B of the Ninety-Third Regiment.
1867: Birthdate of Lew Fields. This New York native was part of the Weber and Fields one of the most successful vaudeville acts of their time. When the act split up, Fields became one of the most influential producers in New York. He was the father of songwriter Dorothy Fields who enjoyed a successful Broadway career in her own right.
1867: Rabbi Isaac Leeser of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, presided over the first Jewish wedding in Atlanta, which joined Emilie Baer to Abraham Rosenfeld in the holy bonds of matrimony. He used the occasion to encourage the creation of a congregation to replace the short-lived one begun in 1862. The Hebrew Benevolent Congregation received a charter four months later and began constructing a synagogue in 1875.
1867: Following the retirement of Joseph Herzfeld, Hallgarten & Herzfeld, changed its name to Hallgarten & Co, the investment bank co-founded by Lazarus Hallgarten.
1868: In Reading, PA, Congregation “Aheb Sholem” is seeking to hire a teacher and shochet by today.
1869: In Philadelphia, Nathan Rosenau and Mathilda Blitz gave birth to University of Pennsylvania Medical School graduate Milton J. Rosenau, who married Myra B. Frank in 1900 and who played a crucial role in the long, contentious campaign to make milk supplies pure and safe in the United States.
1873: Birthdate of St. Petersburgh native Louis Antoville, the art dealer, co-founder of The Jewish Daily Forward and the father of Solomon and Dr. A.A. Antoville.
1873: Julie Judith Bamberger and Isaac Bamberger gave birth to Shimon Simcha Bamberger.
1874: Frederick de Sola Mendes assumed his duties as of Rabbi at Shaaray Tefillah congregation (later known as the West End Synagogue) in New York City.
1874: As part of the New Year’s Day celebration, 200 children at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum partook of an excellent dinner. Afterwards, they marched to the homes of Meyer Stern and Mrs. Max Herzog, President of the Ladies’ Sewing Society, where they paid their respects.
1874: Three days after she had passed away Sarah (Lazarus) Emden, the wife of Lewis Israel Emden was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”
1875: In New York, Hirsch & Mayer, a firm dealing in woolen goods, was reported “to have a stock of goods wholly paid for” and to be owed $30,000.
1875: Jacob Schiff , Solomon Loeb's son-in-law, joined the firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
1876: As of today, the Independent Order of B’nai B’rith has a total of $550,000 in its treasury.
1876: As of today, the Independent Order Free Sons of Israel has a total of $58,350 in its treasury
1876: As of today, the Improved Order Free Sons of Israel has a total of $25,500 in its treasury.
1876: In London, Hannah and Solomon Goldstein gave birth to Australian businessman Hyman Goldstein.
1876: In New York, Hirsch & Mayer was found to be insolvent. The insolvency touched off 20 civil suits and criminal charges aimed at Benjamin Mayer, a young, well-connected man, from a prominent Jewish New York family.
1878: In Louisville, KY, David Henry and Selma Franko Goldman a professional pianist gave birth to Edwin Franko Goldman. At the age of nine, Goldman studied cornet with George Weigand at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New York. In 1892, after winning a scholarship, he attended the National Conservatory of Music, where he studied music theory and played trumpet in the Conservatory orchestra. In 1893 he became a professional trumpet player, performing in such organizations as the Metropolitan Opera House orchestra and with his uncle Nahan Franko, a famous trumpet player. Goldman soon founded the New York Military Band, which is known today as the famous Goldman Band. The band played in many summer band concerts throughout New York, especially The Green at the Columbia University and then The Mall in Central Park. They were also heard on many radio broadcasts. Goldman was known for his very congenial personality and dedication to music. He was very close to city officials and earned three honorary doctorates. Eventually in 1929, he founded the American Bandmasters Association and served as Second Honorary Life President after John Philip Sousa. In his lifetime, Goldman composed over 150 works. He was also the composer of many cornet solos and other short works for piano and orchestra. Goldman's works are known for their pleasant and catchy tunes, as well as their fine trios and solos. He also encouraged audiences to whistle/hum along to his marches. This has become a tradition with his most famous march "On the Mall".
1878: After completing his legal studies today, Louis Marshall “joined the law firm of William C. Ruger in Syracuse, NY.”
1878: Leopold Ullstein converted the Berliner Tageblatt into the Berliner Zeitgung (B.Z.)
1878: In New York City, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Hamburger gave birth Benjamin Hamburger, the successful manufacturer of robes and dresses whose involvement in the Jewish community include support the Federation of Jewish Charities and belonging to Sinai Temple of the Bronx and who is married to the former Ray Marks with whom he had one son, Sidney.
1879: Birthdate of Alfred Ernest Jones, the official biographer of Sigmund Freud.
1879: In Tolcsva, Hungary, Michael Fuchs and Hannah Fried gave birth to Wilhelm Fuchs who gained fame as “American motion picture executive” William Fox who “founded the Fox Film corporation in 1915” and raised two daughters - Mona and Isabella – with his wife Eva Leo Fox.
1879: Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum opened its facility today with four children.
1880: David Joël, brother of Manuel Joël, assumed his duties as professor of the Talmudic branches, with the title of "Seminarrabbiner", at The Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau
1880: Alonozo B. Cornell began serving as the 27th Governor of New York during which term he appointed Myer S. Isaacs, the son of the late Rabbi Samuel M. Isaacs, as Justice of the Marine Court.
1881: Hallgarten & Company became a member of the New York Stock Exchange.
1882(10th of Tevet, 5642): Asara B’Tevet
1882: A magic act presented by Professor Leon is part of the scheduled entertainment to be presented tonight at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.
1882: The New York Times published a detailed review of The Mendelssohn Family, 1729-1847 by Sebastien Hensel
1882: In Corning, NY, Jennie Bach Ansorge and Mark Perry Ansorge gave birth to Columbia Law School trained attorney and Republican politician Martin C. Ansorge who served one term in the U.S. House of Representatives during which he “nominated the first African-American to the U.S. Naval Academy.”
1882: Leon Pinsker anonymously published
1883: It was reported today that Marcus Marx has been elected Chairman of a committee to consider the merger of B’nai B’rith, the Free Sons of Israel, and Kesher Shel Barzel since half of the members of the latter two organizations are members of B’nai B’rith.
1884: As of today the two story frame building used by the Montefiore Home for Chronic Invalids housed 30 patients
1884: Birthdate of Moses “Mosey” King, the New England lightweight boxer and longtime Yale boxing coach who “was Connecticut’s’ first boxing commissioner.”
1885: As of today, the Russian Imperial Government will begin its monopoly pawnbroking in an attempt to add to the misery of its Jewish subjects which it believes are the only people engaging in this form of moneylending.
1885: “An English Society for the Conversion of the Jews” announced that during 1884 it had converted “four Jews at an average cost of about $21,000 each.”
1885: As of today, the Hebrew Technical Institute enrollment has risen from 27 to 45.
1885: This month marking the founding of The Chicago Israelite, “an American weekly newspaper devoted to Jewish interests” under the “editorship of Leo Wise who wrote the “Notes and Comments” column along with Dr. Emil G. Hirsch, Levi A. Eliel and Dr. Julius Wise “who wrote under the pen-name of ‘Nickerdown.’”
1886: Birthdate of Homona, Hungary native Louis Lefkowitz, the founder “of Louis Lefkowitz and Brother, manufacturers of leather belts” who came to the United States in 1902 where he married Sadie Leah Weiss in 1915 and a leading member of Congregation Ohab Zedek.
1886: Birthdate of Clara Lemlich Shavelson who was a leader of the Uprising of 20,000, the massive strike of shirtwaist workers in New York's garment industry in 1909
1887: In Helena, Montana, founding of Temple Emanuel which held services on Friday evening and Saturday, with a Religious School that met on Sunday and enjoyed the support of a Ladies’ Auxiliary Society founded three years later.
1887: Birthdate of William Canaris, the Admiral in charge of the Abewhr, a German intelligence organization during WW II who was executed in 1945 for his opposition to Hitler. (Editor’s note: It was the Abewhr under Admiral Canaris that continued to use an unchanged Enigma code for so much of the war which gave the Allies an edge that among other things, helped them to win the Battle of Britain. Was the failure of Canaris to change codes arrogance or his way of helping to bring down Hitler?)
1887: Henry M. Stanley was back in London preparing the expedition that is designed to rescue Emin Pasha, the governor of Equatoria who is besieged by forces of Muslim fanatics. Emin Pasha was a Silesian born Jew named Isaak Eduard Schnitzer who successively converted to Christianity and Islam.
1887: The Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York is scheduled to move into its new home “in the building formerly occupied by the Home and School for the Children of Soldiers and Sailors on 11th Avenue near 151st Street in New York where it will continue to care for over 400 children.
1888: Barnett nad Dora Kriss Feinberg gave birth to Dr. Moses Feinberg
1888: “The People of Israel” published today provides a detailed review of Histoire Du Peuple D’Israel (Volume I) by Ernest Renan.
1890: In Louisiana, any Jews remaining in Alsatia, East Carroll Parish faces the threat of being driven out by “lead.” (That’s mean guns for the uninitiated)
1890: A fair being held under the auspices the People’s Free School Association, is scheduled to come to an end today. This is a fundraiser sponsored by the Executive Council of the Hebrew Fair Association.
1890: “A mass meeting of down-town” Jews held this evening at the Pythagoras Hall on Canal Street to discuss the construction of a new hospital to be built on the Lower East Side. The up-town hospitals cannot accommodate the influx of sick Jewish immigrants.
1890: According to H.I. Goldsmith, the Grand Secretary of Grand Lodge, No. 1 of the Independent Order of the Free Sons of Israel, there is $295,027.33 in “the degree benefit, an increase over the last year of $7,608.94.
1890: In Jacksonville, FL, Aaron and Theresa Budwig Zacharias Gave birth to Rear Admiral Ellis Mark Zacharias, the husband of “the former Clara Miller” with whom he raised two sons –Gerald and Ellis M Jr. – who graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1912, skippered the cruiser Salt Lake City at the start of WW II when “participated in the first United States counter-strikes against Wake and the Marshall Island and came to public attention “as a practitioner of psychological warfare” in the fight against Japan” passed away today. (Editor’s note – There is no way that this blog can do justice to his long, distinguished and exciting career.)
1890: As today, the Hebrew Technical Institute had a balance on hand of a little more than six thousand dollars.
1890: In Elizabeth City, Russia, Hill and Ruth Chernoff gave birth to chemist Lewis H. Chernoff the holder of a Ph.D from Yale, and husband of Sophie Lovins who was a professor of Chemistry and Physics at the College of Charleston, a chemist with the Department of Agriculture and a contributing investigator at the National Jewish Hospital in Denver.
1890: The terms of Messrs. Tuska, Thalmessinger and Bloomingdale as trustees for the Hebrew Technical Institute were scheduled to come to an end today.
1891: In Newark, NJ, founding of “Bet Hamidrosch Hagodol Ansche Warschaw” which owns a cemetery on Grove Street and whose members included Louis Marx, Sam Cohn, Morris Berkowitz and Abraham Cohn.
1892(1st of Tevet, 5652): Rosh Chodesh Tevet and 7th day of Chanukah
1892: Roswell P. Flower, who would appoint Edward Jacobs as Loan Commissioner, began serving as Governor of New York.
1892: Simon W. Rosendale began serving as New York State Attorney General.
1892: The SS Masilia whose passengers include a large number of Russia Jews whose passage had been paid by the Baron Hirsch Fund left Marseilles today for a four week voyage to New York
1892: Birthdate of Bertha Solomon, one of the first women’s rights activists in South Africa.
1892: The Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York opened. Millions of mostly eastern European Jews would pass through Ellis Island on their way to New York’s Lower East Side or other such urban locations.
1892: Birthdate of Kiev native Boris Mirkin-Getzevich, the Russian jurist fluent in several languages including Yiddish who wrote under the pen name Boris Mirsky who daughter Vitia married Stéphane Hessel the member of the French Resistance who survived the concentration camps to become a diplomat and author.
1892: The Society of the Hebrew Sheltering Home has received $2,005 in the last twelve months.
1892: Colonel John Weber, the first Commissioner of Immigration at the port of New York, gave a $10 gold Liberty coin to the first immigrant processed at Ellis Island.
1893: Twenty-nine-year-old Schepsel Scaffer became the “rabbi of Shearith Israel in Baltimore, MD.
1893: The new sliding scale dues structures based on age adopted by the Grand Lodge District No 1 of the Order of B’nai B’rith to encourage younger Jews to join went into effect today.
1893: Joseph K. Toole who laid the cornerstone when construction began on Temple Emanu-El in Helena Montana completed his first terms as Governor of Montana.
1893: It was reported today that Darkest Russia, “the organ of the English Jewish community” had suspended publication on the assurance if it did so Russia “would modify her persecution” of the Jews would resume publishing since things have actually gotten worse.
1894: Thirty-six-year-old Heinrich Hertz, the German physicist for whom the hertz, the SI unit of frequency, is named and was born to a Jewish family that had converted to Christianity passed away today in Bonn.
1894: Simon W. Rosendale completed his service as New York State Attorney General.
1894: As of today, the United Hebrew Charities has spent an additional $64,900 in the last three months (October 1) to provide a variety of services including medical, educational and vocational to aid those suffering during the worst economic depression to hit the United States until 1929 and 2008.
1895: In Cincinnati, Ohio formation of Council No. 13 of the National Council of Jewish Women was formed with Miss Clara Bloch as President and Miss Mathilda Bettman as Secretary.
1895: “Louis Marshall was a framer of Article 14, the "Forever Wild" clause, in the New York State constitutional Amendment to the New York State Constitution, which went into effect” today.
1895: Birthdate of Nathaniel Shilkret, American composer and conductor. For many years he was "director of light music" for the Victor Talking Machine Company. His best-known popular composition was "The Lonesome Road", which has been recorded by more than one-hundred artists, including Louis Armstrong and Benny Goodman. He passed away in 1992.
1895: In Kansas City, MO, Robert and Bessie White Ginsberg gave birth to University of Missouri graduate and University of Pennsylvania trained cardiologist A. Morris Ginsberg, the husband of Zora Tasman Ginsberg and the father of P. Mortimer Ginsberg who passed away without reaching his third birthday.
1896: “Destroying the Old Relic” published today described the destruction of the Rolls House which had originally been “built by Henry III as a House of Maintenance for converted Jews” but was converted to other uses by Edward III when the supply of Jewish converts ran out.
1896: As of this date, there were 43, 658 Jews living in Minsk. There were forty synagogues along with numerous less formal “houses of prayer.” The city boasted a large number of Yeshivot including Blumke’s Yeshivah, the Little Yeshivah and the Yeshivah at the Synagogue of the Water Carriers. At this time Minsk was also home to a Jewish Trade School that offered training for locksmiths and carpenters as well as providing instruction in Hebrew and Religion. The Jewish hospital had accommodations for 70 patients and the Jewish poorhouse had beds for 80 indigent patrons.
1897: Frank Black, who appointed Jewish political leader and philanthropist to the state board of charities began serving his term as the 32nd Governor of New York.
1897: A fundraiser for the Hebrew Technical School for Girls was held at the Carnegie Lyceum.
1897: Birthdate of Austrian poet Theodore Kramer who fled to England after the Anschluss and whom Thomas Mann called “one of the greatest poets of the young generation.”
1898(7th of Tevet, 5658): Parashat Vayigash
1898: In Silesia, Maximillian Ullman and his wife, two Jews who had converted to Catholicism, gave birth to “composer, conductor and pianist” Viktor Ullman. Their conversion and did not save this musical genius who was imprisoned at Theresienstadt and murdered in the gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau.
1898: “Do People Read the Bible Nowadays?” by Amos Kidder Fiske, author of “The Jewish Scriptures” and “The Myths of Israel” was published today.
1898:” Miracles and Dilettantism” published today disputes the version of the conversion of Abbe Ratisbonne to Catholicism as described in The Life of Cardinal Wiseman by Wilfred Ward.
1898: Dr. Joseph Silverman delivered an address entitled “The Religious and Ethical Possibilities of Greater New York” at Temple Emanu-El in New York City.
1899: A building that had been built because of the “munificence of the late Baroness de Hirsch-Gereuth” was opened today at the Baron de Hirsch Trade School in Nw York
1899(19th of Tevet, 5669): Fifty-three-year-old Agnes Henricks, the New York City born daughter of Rachel Seixas Nathan and Montague M. Hendricks, the wife of Aaron Wolff and mother of Lillian Hendricks Wolff passed away today in NYC.
1899: “Dr. Baar’s New Year Address” published today described Dr. Hermann Baar’s what is his last address to the children at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum since he has announced his retirement as Superintendent of the organization.
1899: Birthdate of Elazar Menachem Man Shach, (Eliezer Schach) the Lithuanian born Haredi rabbi who became a leader in Bnei Brak.
1899: Leopold Cohn sent a letter to President McKinley concerning the anti-Semitic prejudice that exists in Brooklyn and Manhattan which is manifested by “acts of violence” aimed the poor Jews of these cities. Cohn, a former Rabbi, converted to Christianity and now is a missionary for the Baptist Church.
1899: “A Benevolent Society’s Jubilee” published today described plans for the upcoming celebration of the Noah Benevolent Widows and Orphans’ Association 50th anniversary celebration. The association was originally formed by German Jews in the 1840’s.
1899: Mrs. Bertha Morgenstern observed New Year’s Day and her 106th birthday at the Hebrew Sheltering House in NYC.
1899: It was reported today that Aaron Baerlein is President of the Noah Benevolent Widows and Orphans’ Association, a fraternal and benevolent order formed by German Jews in New York before the Civil War.
1899: As of today, not counting officers, there eighty-two Jews serving in the British Army and forty-six serving in the militia.
1899: In Rochester, NY, founding of “Temple Kitchen Garden” “under the auspices of the Sisterhood of Berith Kodesh and the Council of Jewish Council” and funded by “the Sisterhood and the Hebrew Ladies’ Aid Society.
1900(1st of Shevat, 5660): Rosh Chodesh Shevat
1900(1st of Shevat, 5660): Vilna native Joshua Ḥayyim b. Mordecai ha-Levi Epstein, “familiarly known as "Reb Joshua Ḥayyim the Sarsur" (money-broker)” passed away today.
1900: Birthdate of David William Pearlman, the native of Mezeritch who came to the United States 1904 after which he eventually earned a master’s degree from Columbia and became a Reform Rabbi after being ordained at the Jewish Institute of Religion.
1900: In Natchez, Mississippi, founding of the Jewish Relief Association which would be managed by Rabbi S.G. Bottigheimer.
1900: Starting today The Jewish Colonization Association (JCA) “restructured the way in which the colonies received financial and managerial support, with the effect of making them more profitable and independent.”
1900: In Rzhaventsy, Zastavna Raion, “Yoel and Ita” gave birth to Ester Rosenzweig, the Russian revolutionary known as Elizabeth Zarubina who spied for the Soviet Union in the United States under the name of Elizabeth Zubilin
1900: Birthdate of Samuel “Sam” Berger, the native of Ottawa, who was a successful attorney before he became the owner of two CFL teams – the Ottawa Rough Riders and the Montreal Alouettes.
1900: Birthdate of Chiune Sugihara “ a Japanese diplomat who served as Vice-Consul for the Empire of Japan in Lithuania who risked his career and life by issuing travel documents to thousands of Jews so that they could escape the Nazis by appearing to be traveling to Japan.
1901: As of today, the city of Warsaw “had a population of 711,988 inhabitants” of whom 400,395 were Poles, 36,659 were Russians and 254,712 were Jews meaning that the Jews were 36 per cent of the city’s population and that it has the largest Jewish population.
1901(10th of Tevet, 5661): Asara B’Tevet
1901: Birthdate of Russian born American sculptor and watercolorist Eugenie Gershoy.
1902: Birthdate of Hans von Dohnányi, the German jurist, anti-Nazi who rescued Jews including “two Jewish lawyers from Berlin, Friedrich Arnold and Julius Fliess.”
1902: Twenty-six-year-old Russian born American journalist Herman Bernstein, whose varied career included visiting Europe in 1915 to study and to report on the “conditions of the Jews in war-stricken countries, covering the AEF invasion of Siberia as war correspondent for the New York Herald and exposing the “Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion” as a “literary forgery,” marred Sophie Friedman today in New York City.
1902(22nd of Tevet, 5662): Solomon Lyons, the 6th son of Rose and Henry Lyons of Birmingham, UK “accidently drowned in Jersey” today.
1903(2nd of Tevet, 5663): Eighth Day of Chanukah
1903: Herzl begins a trip to Elach, Austria, his hometown.
1903: In Gorbals, a section of Glasgow, Morris Galpern, a cabinetmaker, and Anna Talisman gave birth to Labour MP and Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons Myer Galpern who was knighted in 1960.
1904: Birthdate Louis Kerzner, who gained fame Louis Cohen a New York mobster who murdered labor racketeer "Kid Dropper" Nathan Kaplan and was an associate of labor racketeer Louis "Lepke" Buchalter.
1905: It was reported today “victory will crown the efforts of the United States to secure recognition of American passports without distinction to religion” because the Passport Committee meeting in St. Petersburg is going to recommend “that the Jews have complete freedom of travel and residence in their zone without passports which will only be required when traveling in other parts of Russia.”
1906: In Mabgate, Leeds Abram Rozenkopf and Chaja Nagacz who “came from adjacent villages in Poland and were married in Leeds in 1905 where they anglicized their name gave birth to Louis Rosenhead the British mathematician who served as a “Head of Department at Liverpool University from 1933 to 1973.”
1906: The Educational Alliance which has depleted its treasury because of the demands made to aid the Jews suffering massive anti-Semitic violence in Russia hopes to be able to stop borrowing from the members of its Board of Directors as of today.
1906: During the dispute about establishing a temporary Jewish homeland in a place other than Palestine, Winston Churchill wrote to his constituent Dr. Joseph Dulberg, leader of the Manchester Jewish community, describing the difficulties in establishing “a self-governing Jewish colony in British East Africa” not the least of which was the division between the Territorialists and the “Palestine or bust” faction.
1907: Herman “Kid” Landfield was knocked in the 8th round today while fighting the world lightweight champ – a defeat that led to his retirement later in the year.
1908: In New York City, Meyer Barnett, the “son of Harris and Gittel Baran” and his wife Sarah Barnett gave birth to Lillian Nell Barnett, who became Lillian Nell Berg after she had married Ralph Emanuel Berg.
1908: “An administrative decree issued” in Paris on September 30 that “provides for the separation of Church and State in Algeria” thus placing Jews on an equal footing with Catholics, Protestants and Muslims” is scheduled to go into effect today.
1909(8th of Tevet, 5669): Louis A. Heinsheimer passed away. Born in 1859, he was a partner in the investment banking firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. from 1894 to 1909. Heinsheimer was the nephew of one of the Firm's founders, Solomon Loeb. Heinsheimer's estate in Far Rockaway, New York, was called Breezy Point (not to be confused with the Breezy Point neighborhood on the western tip of the Rockaway Peninsula) and stood until 1987. Heinsheimer's mansion was owned and used for several years by the Maimonides Institute for Exceptional Children until it burned down. The mansion site is now a part of Bayswater Point State Park.
1909: Birthdate of Barry Goldwater, Republican Senator from Arizona and godfather to what has become the dominate right wing of the Republican Party. Goldwater was not Jewish. His father was Jewish but he raised his son as an Episcopalian for the obvious advantages it brought to him. However, some of Goldwater’s critics did not let him forget his Jewish origins. When he ran for President, his running-mate was William Miller, a Catholic member of the House of Representatives. Bigots referred to the ticket as the Arizona Israelite and his fellow-traveler from the Vatican.
1909: As of today, agents of the Baron Hirsch Fund have purchased several hundred acres of farm land four miles west of Millville, New Jersey for the purpose of establishing a colony. Forty families are ready to move into the houses once they are built. Each family will receive 25 acres of cleared ground to work.
1910(20th of Tevet, 5670) Parashat Shemot
1910: The first issue of Das Yiddishe Levben, an “English and Yiddish monthly” which was an “organ of the United Hebrew Charities was published today.
1910: Isabel Hyams, an 1888 MIT graduate and a trustee of the Boston Consumptive Hospital, began an experimental “Penny Lunch” program in a Boston elementary school.
1911: On New Year’s Day, in New York City, an Austrian immigrant who “worked designing women’s clothing in the garment industry on the Lower East Side” and his wife gave birth to Joe “Shikey” Gotthoffer the James Monroe High School basketball player who went on to a successfully career with the Philadelphia SPHAS, followed by WW II stint working as “a supervisor at Wright Aeronautics in New York where her built engines for B-21s.” (As reported by Douglas Stark)
1911(1st of Tevet, 5671): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Seventh Day of Chanukah
1911: In Łódź, Poland, Slanislava (Vinaver) and Adam Totenberg gave birth to Roman Totenberg, the child prodigy violinist who is the father of NPR correspondent Nina Totenberg, Judge Amy Totenberg and businesswoman Jill Totenberg.
1911: The Sunday Magazine Section of the New York Times described the debate between Dr. Solomon Schechter of the Jewish Theological Seminary and Dr. G. Margoliouth of the British Museum over the interpretation of a document entitled “A Document on the Sectaries” which had been found in the Cairo Genizah.
1911: Birthdate of Hammering Hank Greenberg Hall-of-Fame first baseman for the Detroit Tigers.
1912: Birthdate of Brooklyn native and Harvard and Columbia trained economist Moses Abramovitz the husband of painter and sculptor Carrie Glasser.
1912: As of today, “according to official statistics” there 11,817,783 Jews in the world of which 1,894,400 live in America while only 53,000 Jews live in Jerusalem.
1912: As of today, there were 94 people residing at the Orthodox Jewish Home for the Aged.
1913: A commercial treaty between the United States and Russian which had been “denounced by Congress…became inoperative” today “because it was interpreted by Russia as permitting the exclusion of American Jews from her dominions.”
1913: Birthdate of ABA Bantamweight and ABA Lightweight Champion Harry Mizler who represented Great Britain in the 1932 Olympics and was the younger brother of boxer Moe Mizler.
1913: A treaty of commerce and navigation and commerce between the United States and Russia “became inoperative” today “because it was interpreted by Russia as permitting the exclusion of American Jews from her dominions.
1913: American journalist James Creelman, who “had toured Russia investigating the persecution of the Jews” resigned today from the New York Civil Service Commission.
1914: In New York, Morris Cahan, the Russian born son of Simon and Yetta Cahan, and his wife Anna Cahan gave birth to Dr. Amos William Cahan.
1914: In an attempt to obliterate loan sharking and enable American wage earners to borrow money easily, cheaply, and under self-respecting conditions, Julius Rosenwald of Chicago, announced plans to create “industrial loan banks that could make small loans at a low rate of interest - loans so trifling in character that the ordinary bank would not consider them - to workingmen whose means are too insignificant to give them any standing with banks.
1914: The sons of Leopold Ullstein purchased the Vossische Zeitug, “a liberal newspaper with a tradition dating back to the 1617.”
1915: “Before the Law”, “a parable contained in The Trial by Franz Kafa was published for the first time in the New Year’s Edition of the independent Jewish weekly Selbstwehr./
1915: Leo M. Frank wrote to the editor of the New York Times from his prison cell, “In assuring you of my deep appreciation of the stand you have taken in my case, for the cause of justice, may I not extend to yo my heartiest good wishes for a Happy New Year/”
1915: “Texans Make Plea For Leo M. Frank” published today described a petition signed by over three hundred “Gentile citizens:” from Waco, TX sent to the Governor of Georgia listing the reasons why he should stay the execution of Leo Frank and free him if the evidence warrants such a conclusion.
1915: Charles Whitman, who after being elected promised to appoint at least one Jew to each of New York’s hospital boards began serving as the state’s 41st governor.
1915: Jews of Laibach Austria were expelled.
1915: Nathan D. Perlman began serving as a member of the New York State Assembly form the 6th district from New York County.
1915: Today, in St. Louis, MO, Dr. Kaplan Kaplansky of The Hague, the General Secretary of the Jewish National Fund said today that “one third of Palestine could now be bought for restoration as the home of the Jewish people if the funds were available.”
1916: It was reported today that “every steamer from Japan brings a considerable number” Russian Jews to Seattle “who have fled across Siberia” and whom the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Society of America will urge “to remain on the Pacific Coast.
1916: It was reported today that the Jews of Rochester, NY expect to raise $25,000 for the American Jewish Relief Committee that is collecting funds to aid the Jews suffering in war torn Europe and Palestine.
1916: As of today the Hebrew Free Burial Association had a balance of $457 in the treasury and “had liabilities on cemetery lots amounting to $9,500.”
1916: The Knights of Zion are meeting for the second day of their 19th annual convention in Chicago.
1916: Dr. Max Goldfarb, the Secretary of the National Workmen’s Committee for Jewish Rights announced today that three Socialists including Morris Hillquilt “will request that President Wilson take steps to insure the political freedom of the Jews in Europe after the war.”
1917: Simon Bamberger became Utah’s fourth elected Governor making him the first non-Mormon to hold the office.
1917: The Temple, a monthly publication which was the “organ of Congregation B’nai B’rith” was established today in Denver, CO.
1917: As of today, the Independent Western Star Order which was founded in 1894 and has its offices in Chicago, Illinois had 17,924 members.
1918: In Columbus, OH, Dr. Morris B. Lhevine and Sarah Piatagorski Lhevine, gave birth to Marie Lhevine, the Columbia University trained attorney who became Marie Lhevine Aries after she married Dr. Leon J. Airies, the Chicago surgeon with whom she raised “three daughters – Jane, Elizabeth and Nancy.”
1918: Birthdate of New York City native and Columbia University recipient of a BSc and MA who gained fame as award winning sculptor Mitzi Solomon Cunliff, the designer of the golden trophy in the shape of a theatrical mask that would go on to represent the British Academy of Film and Television Arts and wife of Marcus Cunliff.
1918: During an afternoon session of a Zionist convention that drew delegates from Ten Mid-West States at the Hotel LaSalle, “more than $60,000 was pledged” to “be used for the reclamation of Palestine.”
1919: Prince Faisal “submitted a formal memorandum to the Supreme Council of the Peace Conference outlining his vision for Arab nationalism throughout the Middle East. It was not monolithic or pan-Arab. It sought only one territory: Syria.”
1919: Today marks the “official birthdate of Homl, Belarus native Marek Edelman the cardiologist and husband of “Alina Marogolis-Edelman” with whom he raised two children, “Aleksander and Anna” who is best known as the “last surviving leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
1919: (29th of Tevet, 5679): Sixty-nine-year-old David Lubin, the Polish born American “merchant and agriculturalist” who played a pivotal role “in founding the International Institute of Agriculture” passed away today.
1919: Birthdate of J.D. Salinger who is as famous for being a recluse as he is for being the author of Catcher in the Rye. “Salinger was born in 1919 in New York City. His mother was Irish Catholic, and his father was Jewish. And because many people in the early half of the 20th century were often openly racist toward Jews, being half-Jewish was hard on Salinger’s psyche.
What also hurt Salinger’s relationship with his father was the fact that he wanted him to take over the family meat business. Salinger was initially unopposed to the proposition. However, after taking a trip to his father’s native land of Poland and seeing the slaughterhouses, Salinger lost respect for his father and his profession. Salinger then became a devout vegetarian. What probably had the strongest effect on the mental makeup of Salinger was his experience in World War II. Salinger was in one of the most dangerous regiments of the entire war, as he saw as many as 200 of his fellow soldiers die in a day. Plus, he is also believed to be one of the first soldiers to see the Nazi concentration camps. This probably greatly affected him because of his Jewish ancestry.” Salinger, who passed away in 2010, became a Buddhist who only would eat organic foods.
1920(10th of Tevet, 5680): Asara B’Tevet
1920: Arnold "Arnie" Horween kicked the PAT that provided the margin of victory as Harvard won the Rose Bowl.
1920: Fiorello La Guardia whose father was a Catholic from Italy and whose mother was Jew from Trieste, and was fluent in Yiddish, began his service as the 10th President of the New York City Board of Alderman
1921: Featherweight Danny Frush scored a victory when he fought his 40th bout today.
1921: Jacob A. Dolgenas began serving as the Rabbi at Congregation Gates of Prayer in Brooklyn.
1922(1st of Tevet, 5682): Rosh Chodesh Tevet
1923: Birthdate of Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician.
1925: Greece mandates a national day of rest, in disregard to any religion. Thus the Jews are forced to work on the Sabbath, and those who did not, lost profits. The Jews saw this as a move on the government's part to get rid of them.
1925: Former New York state legislator Louis D. Gibbs, a member of Temple Emanu-El began serving “as a member of the New York Supreme Court” today,
1925: Albert Ottinger began serving as New York State Attorney General.
1926: Lazar Kaganovich completed his first term as a member of the Orgburo (The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union)
1927: Birthdate of Canadian political leader Shelia Finestone.
1927: Middleweight Seymour ‘Cy” Schindel won his bought today leaving him with a record of 10 wins and 2 losses.
1928: Sixty-five-year-old theatrical dancer Loie Fuller whose rumored engagement to Jacob Cantor helped lead to his defeat when he ran for a seat in Congress representing New York’s 15th district, passed away today.
1929(19th of Tevet, 5689): Forty-three-year-old Pittsburgh born Harvard trained attorney Allan Davis, the president of the Menorah Society passed away today in his home town.
1929: “Queen Kelly” a silent film directed and produced by Erich von Stroheim was released in the United States today
1929: During the Rose Bowl, University of California half Benny Lom, a future Jewish Hall of famer attempted to stop one of his teammates from running the wrong way which led to the touchdown that gave Georgia Tech one of the strangest victories in college football history.
1929: Herbert Lehman began serving as Lieutenant Governor of New York
1929: Republican Albert Ottinger completed his service as New York State Attorney General.
1929: The Labor Party has been defeated in the elections for the Municipal Council of Tel Aviv. Labor had controlled the council for the past three years but had only won five of the fifteen seats on the council in this year’s election. It would appear that the United Centre Party has captured a majority of the seats which means that Meir Dizengoff will return as Mayor of the Jewish metropolis since the council elects the mayor. Dizengoof had resigned three years ago in a dispute with the Laborites.
1930(1st of Tevet, 5690): Rosh Chodesh Tevet, Sixth Day of Chanukah
1930(1st of Tevet, 5690): Victor (Avigdor) Schonfeld, the native of Sutto, Hungary who arrived in Britain in 1909 “as Rabbi and Librarian of the North London Beth Hamedrash” and who founded the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations in 1926 by which time he become active in the Mizrachi movement passed away today.
1930: In Boston, Jacob Leo Wiseman and Leah Kotze nave birth to Williams undergrad and Yale Law School trained law schoolteacher Frederick Wiseman whose decision to become a director and producer of documentaries was so successful that earned both the Dan David Prize and the George Polk Career Award while raising two children with his wife Zipporah Batshaw.
1931: In an interview published in today’s edition of the Santa Fe New Mexican, newly inaugurated Governor Arthur Governor expressed the regret that his parents Don and Dona Seligman, whom “the older generations of Spanish-Americans” spoke of “with a friendliness and sincerity that that borders on reverence” “could not have lived to have witnessed” his inauguration “and to have shared with me the happiness that I enjoy.”
1931: The undefeated Alabama Crimson Tide led by All-American Tackle Fred Sington, a member of ZBT, won the 17th Rose Bowl today
1932: The Green Wave of Tulane led by Louis “Lou” Boasberg who played both tackle and end and later founded the New Orleans Novelty Company, played USC in the Rose Bowl today.
1933: Herbert Lehman began serving as the 45th Governor of the state of New York.
1933: A pastoral letter of Austrian Bishop Gfollner of Linz states that it is the duty of all Catholics to adopt a "moral form of anti-Semitism."
1934: In New York City, Henry G. Schanko “took office as a Justice of the City Court” today.
1934: The Nazis remove Jewish holidays from the official German calendar.
1934: Birthdate of Chicago native Alan Harrison Berg, the Denver radio talk show host who was gunned by members of “The Order,” a white supremacist group.
1934: German laws allowing sterilization of the "unfit," which were passed in July 1933, are promulgated.
1934: In a move that will upset the balance of power in Europe and therefore threaten the well-being of the Jewish people, Hitler orders the German government to undertake a building program that will produce 4000 aircraft by October 1935. (As reported by the Jewish Virtual Library)
1934: Fiorello La Guardia whose father was a Catholic from Italy and whose mother was Jew from Trieste, and was fluent in Yiddish, began his service as the 99th Mayor of New York City.
1934: In Miami, lineman Henry Weinberg helped lead Duquesne to 33 – 7 victory over the University of Miami in the Palm Classic which a year later became known as the Orange Bowl.
1935: “Israel Amicam, former official of the Posts and Telegraph Department of the Palestine government, who waged a determined war with the government to force transmission of telegrams in Hebrew characters, today sent the first message in Hebrew characters over Palestine’s telegraph wires.” (JTA)
1936: Section 3 of the Nuremberg Laws – “Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens under the age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers” – went into effect.
1936: Sioux City, Iowa, native Herb Baumstein quarterbacked the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss) today in the second annual Orange Bowl.
1936: Birthdate of Actress Zelda Rubinstein.
1936: In a New Year’s message made today by the United Palestine Appeal, “Dr. Chaim Weizmann, president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine declared that there was room in Palestine for Jews and Arabs and both peoples could live in harmony.”
1937: One day after its premiere in New York City, “One in a Million” with an all-star cast including the Ritz Brothers and Borrah Minevitch was released in the rest of the United States today.
1937: The New York Times describes the very successful performance in Tel Aviv of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra under the baton of Arturo Toscanini. The site of an Italian maestro conducting a Jewish orchestra in front of a predominately Jewish orchestra is proof to the Times of “how completely forgiven and forgotten is the serious misunderstanding between the two peoples that arose under Titus and Hadrian a couple of thousand years ago.”
1937: Marcel “Bloch's aircraft factories were nationalized by the Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques de Sud-Ouest (S.N.C.A.S.O.), one of six state-controlled aeronautic factories,” after which he “was retained as a civil servant and invested the compensation he received for his company in a variety of North American securities which led to the founding of a new aircraft company which later produced the highly successful Bloch 152 fighter.
1937: Georg Wertheim head of Wertheim’s one the four largest department store chains in Germany writes in his diary, “The store is declared to be ‘German.’” This marked the end to his involvement in the family business begun by his parents in 1875. Wertheim died in 1939.
1938(28th of Tevet, 5698): Parashat Vaera
1938(28th of Tevet, 5698): Sixty-year-old Berlin born Rabbi Martin Zielonka, the husband of Dora Schatzkey Zielonka and father of Arthur Zielonka passed after which he was buried in the Temple Mount Sinai Cemetery in El Paso, TX.
1938: Today, Bert Adler left his position as deputy sanitation commissioner in New York to the join the newly created Depart of Public Works
1938: During January, the concentration camp at Dachau, Germany, is enlarged.
1938: The Namensänderungsverordnung went into effect today forcing 87 year old German mathematician Alfred Pringsheim to legally change his name to Alfred Israel Pringsheim
1938: During January, a collaborationist organization, National-Socialistische Vrouwen
Organisatie (National Socialist Women's Organization), is established in Holland.
1939: The Palestine Post expressed world-wide Jewish disgust for Sir Horace Rumbold after he had publicly referred to the Jews of Palestine as an “alien race.”
1939: “By today, in Cologne, all the Jews were excluded from the economic life and constrained to forced labor.”
1939: It was reported today that “Doubleday, Doran and Company have signed a contract with Peter Mendelsohn” “a descendant of the composer” Felix Mendelsohn “for a novel dealing with the plight of exiled Austrian Jews which would be fitting follow up to “his latest novel, All That Matters” which was based on “his experiences in a German Concentration Camp.”
1939: “Simon and Schuster have signed a contract with Dr. Abraham Flexner” the “director of the Institute for Advanced Learning at Princeton University” “for the publication of his memoirs.
1939: As of today, the licenses of the Jewish cattle traders in Laupheim, Germany were revoked.
1939: In an infamous prophecy delivered in a speech to the Reichstag, Hitler threatened that if “international Jewry” started “another” world war, such a war would not end in the extermination of the Aryan race but rather in the extermination of the “Jewish race.”
1939: In Germany, The Decree for the Elimination of Jews from German Economic Life took effect. This was part of what was known as the compulsory Aryanization process in which all Jewish retail businesses were to be eliminated. All stock was forbidden to be traded on the free market, but it had to be "sold" to a German competitor or association. This edict was signed just a month earlier by the Economic and the Justice ministries.
1939: By the end of January "Illegal immigration" from Germany to Palestine has begun. 27,000 Jews will illegally immigrate by the end of 1940.
1939: As decreed on August 17, 1938, Jewish men in Germany must adopt the middle name of "Israel"; Jewish women must take the middle name "Sara."
1939: Jews are eliminated from the German economy; their capital is seized, though some Jews continue to work under Germans.
1939: At the Buchenwald, Germany, concentration camp, Deputy Commandant Arthur Rödl orders several thousand inmates to assemble for inspection shortly before midnight. He selects five men and has them whipped to the melody played by the inmate orchestra. The whipping continues all night.
1940(20th of Tevet, 5700): Hugo Herrmann a Zionist author and publisher, one of the founders of the Jewish student organization Bar Kochba in Prague who worked for the Keren Hayesod and settled in Jerusalem in 1934 where he published descriptions of his extensive travels in Palestine passed away today.
1940: The Nazis shot Dr. Cooperman in Warsaw for being out after eight o'clock.
1940: Nazis prohibited Jews from gathering in shuls or private homes for prayer.
1940: Gustav Schröder, the captain of the MS St. Louis on its ill-fated journey in 1939 and whom Yad VAshem “honored with with the title of ‘Righteous Among the nations “slipped past allied patrols and reached Hamburg today” marking his final voyage during the Third Reich.
1941(2nd of Tevet, 5701): 8th and final day of Chanukah
1941: In the Bronx, “Lester Bluestein, an embroiderer” and “the former Beatrice Wargon” gave birth to Maurice Bluestein the mechanical engineer who perfected the weather measure known as “the wind chill factor.”
1941: In La Plata, Argentina, Catalina and Simon Portugheis gave birth to pianist Alberto Portugheis.
1942: U.S premiere of “The Man Who Came to Dinner” the film version of the play of the same name by Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman with a script by Julius and Philip G. Epstein produced by Jerry Wald.
1942: In the U.S., the Counter-Intelligence Corps (CIC) is established to investigate and arrest suspected Nazi war criminals.
1942: Fifty-nine year old Max Kohn who had been transported from Prague to Terezin was transported to Riga today where he was murdered.
1942: Birthdate of Democratic politician Martin Frost who represented the 24th Congressional District in Texas from 1979 until 2004.
1943: Republican Nathanial L. Goldstein began serving the first of three terms as New York State Attorney General.
1943: In Greensboro, NC, Ruth (née Caplan) and Raymond G. Perelman “who controlled the American Paper Products Corporation gave birth to American investor and businessman Ronald Perelman.
1943 (24th of Tevet, 5703): Arthur Ruppin passed away today in Jerusalem at the age of 67. “Born in Germany, Mr. Ruppin came to Palestine in 1908 to direct the first Palestine office of World Zionist Organization in Jaffa. He was one of the founders of Tel Aviv.” Dr. Ruppin was considered an authority on all facets of the economic situation in Palestine and was a strong fighter against those who claimed that limits must be placed on Jewish immigration because the country could not sustain anything more than a marginal growth in population.
1944: Operation Halyard, one of the largest Allied airlift operation behind enemy lines of World War II in which Yugoslav Partisans (a multi-ethnic resistance force that included Bosnian Muslims and Jews) played a key role, began today.
1945: On the same day that Hitler broadcast his last New Year’s Day address, the Red Army launched the Oder-Neisse offensive, the start of the last push that would in Berlin.
1946: In Tel Aviv, police found a large arms cache today that contained a both heavy and light automatic weapons, various chemicals of the type used for detonating explosives and a number of military uniforms.
1947: The State Stove Company of Hamilton, OH which Lucian L. Kahn served as vice president and treasurer was sold today to the Noma Electric Corporation.
1947: A British Military Court sentenced Dov Bela Gruner to be hanged for his part in the attack on the police station at Ramt Gan. Gruner, a 33-year-old veteran of the British Army, is a member of the Irgun and claimed that he should have been treated as a prisoner of war and not a criminal.
1948: After the “Pan York” and the “Pan Crescent”, two ships each carrying “7,500 people from Romania, Bulgaria and Transylvania” arrived in Cyprus having been forced to go there by British ships trying to keep Jews from Palestine, crew member Gedda Schochat, Dave Lowenthal, Teddy Vardi and Avi Livney were taken thrown into “a jail cell of the Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry” where, based on their appearance the following day, they were beaten. (As reported by Avi Livney)
1948: Thousands of “illegal” Jewish refugees who had been trying to reach Palestine disembarked in Cyprus where the British interned them in DP camps.
1949(30th of Kislev, 5709): Parashat Miketz; Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah
1949: As promised by Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, Israeli troops began withdrawing from the Sinai Peninsula.
1949: Today, Joseph Klein began serving as the Rabbi at Temple Emanuel Sinai in Worcester, Mass – a position he would fill for so long that he became the congregation’s longest serving Rabbi.
1950: In Guyana, Janet Rosenberg Jagan and her husband formed the People’s Progressive Party (PPP) which she served as General Secretary until 1970.
1951: Birthdate of Portsmouth, VA native and MIT grad Radia Joy Perlman who “s most famous for her invention of the spanning-tree protocol (STP), which is fundamental to the operation of network bridges…”
1952(3rd of Tevet, 5712): Either late last night or early this morning Leah Feistinger was raped and murdered. “The Mixed Armistice Commission (MAC) investigating officer, Major Loreaux, reported that the body of the girl, Leah Feistinger, had been found hidden in a cave about a mile from the Jordan border, the girl had been raped and murdered her face had been mutilated. While it was believed by Israeli police that this atrocity had been committed by Jordanians, they did not find evidence of an infiltration. The case had not been discussed by the Commission. Major Loreaux expressed the opinion that the Israeli police would have a better chance of finding the killer than the Arabs would.”
1952: In Jerusalem, “shooting attack by terrorists during a home invasion.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel continued to protest against the increased British, French and US arms sales to the belligerent Arab states, at least until they agreed to negotiate peace. While Britain, threatened by the Egyptian guerrilla war against its forces stationed at Suez, had temporarily suspended her arms shipments there, France and the US had no such problem and continued to arm Israel¹s neighbors without any restrictions.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the government presented the oil-importing companies with IL 3,800,000 financial guarantees, covered by funds earmarked under the German Reparations Agreement for this purpose.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the number of unemployed in 1952 was 16,500. This number, however, did not include Israeli Arabs, residents of immigrant transit camps, and others who had not registered with the Labor Exchange for employment.
1955(7th of Tevet, 5715): Parashat Vayigash
1955: After having served in the Army during the Korean war and spending “two frustrating semesters at the Philadelphia Museum School of Art” and less than successful stint in Chicago, today, Dave Heath moved to Chicago where he gained fame as an award-winning photographer.
1955: Republican Nathaniel L. Goldstein completed his third and final term as New York State Attorney General.
1955: Arthur Leavitt, Sr begins serving as New York State Comptroller, a position he will hold for a record 24 years.
1955: Jacob K. Javits begins serving as the 58th New York State Attorney General.
1956: In an open-the-flap book titled See the Circus published today H. A. Rey illustrated a man who looks very much like the Man with the Yellow Hat wearing a blue and white polka-dotted kerchief. The caption for the page reads, "Ted has a tricycle, so very small, He cannot ride it, because he's so tall. If you want to find out WHO the rider will be, just open the flap, and then you will see." Opening the flap reveals two monkeys riding a tricycle.”
1957: Today, British Reform Rabbi Hugo Gabriel Gryn married Jacqueline Selby with whom he had four children – Gaby, Naomi, Rachelle and David.
1957: Arthur E. Manheimer, the Harvard educated attorney and WW I veteran who was the husband of Ruth Manheimer and father of William and Kent Manheimer retired today from the presidency of the Hampden Watch Company which he had founded in 1940.
1957: Louis Lefkowitz began serving as Attorney General of the State of New York.
1958(9th of Tevet, 5718): Joseph Porton, the native of Neshvis, Lithuania, who established a printing business in Leeds, England and wrote Bible Stories and Jewish Ideals and Thoughts and Ideas passed away today.
1959: Publication of the Bibliography of Sephardic Proverbs by Henry V. Besso.
1959: As the Castro forces took over Cuba, casinos owned by Meyer Lansky were looted.
1959: Caroline Klein Simon was sworn in as New York's Secretary of State as part of the administration of newly elected Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
1960(1st of Tevet, 5720): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; the first day of the year coincides with the first day of the month and, in the evening, the kindling of the candles for the 8th day of Chanukah
1960(1st of Tevet, 5720): Seventy-seven-year-old University of Pennsylvania graduate Sydney Davis, the chemist turned real estate broker and “president of the Brotherhood of Temple B’nai Jershurun of Newark who was the husband of Saide Davis with whom he had one daughter passed away today.
1961: Sid Gillman’s Los Angeles Chargers came out on the short of the score of the first American Football League Championship Game.
1962: Abe Beam began serving as the 36th New York City Comptroller.
1963(5th of Tevet, 5723) A fire broke out at the Telshe Yeshiva claiming the lives of two students.
1963: Al Davis met with the owners of the Oakland Raiders and negotiated a deal that made him coach and general manager.
1964: Publication of the third edition of A History of the Jews of England by Cecil Roth.
1965: Palestinian al-Fatah terrorist organization forms.
1966: Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reaches #1.
1967: A month-long exhibition of the paintings of Isser Arnovici, opened at the Elizabeth Street Gallery.
1967: “Code Name: Heraclitus” with a musical score by Johnny Mandel was released today in the United States.
1968(30th of Kislev, 5728): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; 6th day of Chanukah
1968(30th of Kislev, 5728): Seventy-nine-year-old Philadelphia restaurateur Samuel Feld, the husband of “the former Edna Rosenfeld” with whom he raised three children including the actor Norman Fell passed away today afer which he was buried at the Montefiore Cemetery.
1968: During a reception today, “President de Gaulle…assured the Grand Rabbi of France that it was from his intention to insult the Jews when he calls them an ‘elite people, sure of itself and domineering.’”
1968: Louis Begley named partner in the law firm now known as Debevoise & Plimpton. Begley would eventually leave the law and become a successful, award winning author.
1968(30th of Kislev, 5768): Rosh Chodesh Tevet and 6th day of Chanukah
1968(30th of Kislev, 5768): Ruth L. Sherman, the daughter of Elias and Fanny Pofcher and the wife of Charles Sherman passed away today after which she was buried in West Roxbury, Mass.
1969: Isidore Dollinger begins serving as a justice of New York Supreme Court, from the first judicial district.
1969: M.S. Agwani’s review of Bernard Lewis’ The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam which “traces the history of the secret Islamic sect” was published today.
1969: According to The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History birthdate of Sophie Okonedo, the London born actress was nominated for an Oscar as the best supporting actress for her role in Hotel Rwanda.
1970: Abe Beame began serving as the 38th New York City Comptroller.
1970: In Jerusalem, five people were injured by a terrorist grenade
1970: BBC began broadcasting “The Six Wives of Henry VIII” featuring Wolfe Morris of “Thomas Cromwell” one of the villains in the series.
1970: In Hebron, two Arabs were “killed by a grenade thrown at an Israeli army vehicle.
1971: U.S. premiere of “Something Big” with music by Marvin Hamlisch and a title song by Burt Bacharach.
1972: After 1,281 performances at the Shubert Theatre, the curtain comes down on the original Broadway production of “Promises, Promises” a musical with a score by Burt Bacharach, lyrics by Hal David and a book by Neil Simon.
1973(27th of Tevet, 5733): Lou Halper, the New Jersey Welterweight Champion of 1932 and member of the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame who was President of Halper Brothers Paper Company passed away today
1973: Birthdate of Pulitzer Prize winner and New York Times executive David Leonhardt.
1974: “The Way We Were,” “the fifteenth studio album recorded by American vocalist Barbra Streisand. was released today by Columbia Records
1974: Abraham “Abe” Beame began serving as the 104th Mayor of New York City.
1975: Chuck Schumer began serving as a “member of the New York State Assembly from the 45th District” today.
1975(18th of Tevet, 5735): Seventy-one-year-old Victor Alphonse Sachse, Jr., the LSU trained attorney and husband of Janice Rubenstein Sachse who was the father attorney and Korean War Veteran Victor Alphonse Sachse III, passed away today and was buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Baton Rouge, LA.
1977: Following the death of his first wife “Sara Zwilling” in 1975, movie maker Boris Sagal married his second wife, “Marge Champion” today.
1977: Jerry Nadler began serving as a member of the New York State Assembly from the 69th district.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Egyptian negotiators in Cairo demanded that Israel liquidate her settlements on the West Bank and in Gaza as a pre-condition for the Palestine Arabs¹ self-determination. Israel suggested that under the proposed peace plan, the prospective Sinai settlers would pay taxes to Egypt.
1978: Ed Koch begins serving as the 105th mayor of New York City.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that US President Jimmy Carter, who concluded his talks with the Shah of Iran and King Hussein of Jordan, was expected to arrive in Cairo for talks with President Anwar Sadat and a possible active participation in Israeli-Egyptian peace negotiations.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Israeli population toward the end of 1977 stood at 3,650,000 3,076,000 Jews and 574,000 non-Jews.
1979(2nd of Tevet, 5739): Eighth Day of Chanukah
1979: Robert Abrams began serving as Attorney General of New York State.
1979: “A car bomb was found opposite Cafe Atara on the pedestrian mall and was neutralized about half an hour before it was to have blown up.”
1980(12th of Tevet, 5740): Eighty-two year old London born American Oscar winning composer Adolph Deutsch passed away today.
1980: After 32 years, German born American aviation engineer who played a major role in the aerospace manufacturing industry retired from General Electric where he had helped to develop among other things, the fanjets that power a significant number of all civilian and military aircraft.
1983: Moshe Levy was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and appointed IDF Chief of General Staff.
1984: The funeral for Rabbi Morris N. Kertzer, author of What Is a Jew? is scheduled to be held in Toronto today.
1985: Carolyn Leigh was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame today.
1985: Louis Silverstein, the longtime Art Director of The New York Times, retired today.
1986(20th of Tevet, 5746): Ninety-six year old basketball player and coach Max “Marty” Friedman passed away today.
1986: Jerry Abramson began serving as the 47th mayor of Louisville, KY.
1987(30th of Kislev, 5747): Rosh Chodesh Tevet
1988(11th of Tevet, 5748): Seventy-nine year old German born American “character actor” whose “Jewish descent” made him a target for the Nazis during the Holocaust passed away today
1989: As new measures, imposed by the Federal Aviation Administration in response to the bombing of a Pan Am jumbo jet over Scotland on December 21 take effect, Senator John D. Rockefeller 4th, a West Virginia Democrat who was en route from Israel to the United States and was transferring to a Pan Am flight in Paris, said the security was tighter than usual, but not as heavy as that which he had experienced at Ben-Gurion Airport outside Tel Aviv. ''They opened everything, and that's excellent,'' he said of his early-morning departure. Security officers gave every passenger ''a very diplomatic, but careful grilling,'' asking questions like: Do you have anything new? Are you carrying anything for anyone? One security officer, he said, told him bluntly: ''Get nothing between here and the airplane. Go straight to the plane.''
1989: Stephen Engelberg and Michael Gordon of The New York Times are the first to report in detail about West German participation in the design and construction of the vast chemical plant designed to produce poison gas at Rabta in Libya along with facts about French aid in refueling bombers that would make possible the quick delivery of poison-gas bombs to Tel Aviv residents who are descendants of those forced to breathe Cyclon-B at Auschwitz.
1990: Elizabeth Holtzman became the 40th Comptroller of New York City.
1990: Stephen Breyer began servicing as Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.
1991: WW II veteran and Queens College graduate Warren H. Phillips, the New York born son of Abraham Phllips and the former Juliette Rosenberg and husband of Barbara Anne Thomas, stepped down as CEO of Dow Jones & Company, a position he had held since March of 1975.
1991: Bruce Sundlun began serving as the 21st governor of Rhode and the second Jew to hold this position.
1992: In “Frank Binswanger - Philadelphia's Golem - Remembered Fondly He Was Constantly Exhorting Philadelphians To Join His Pursuit Of Impossible Dreams” published today Dan Rottenberg provides a personal picture of this descendant of Rabbi Judah, the 16th century creator of the Golem.
1992: A suspicious fire broke out in the basement of a synagogue in Brooklyn, severely damaging the building and forcing the removal of several torahs. . Flames rushed through the basement of Congregation Hisachbis Yirieim at 902 Avenue L, near East Ninth Street, at 4:02 P.M. It was under control at 4:47 P.M., Fire Marshal Glynn said. Fire department officials said that the fire “is being considered as suspicious” in origin.
1994: Abraham M. Lackman is scheduled to begin serving as budget director under new mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani
1994: Alan Hevesi began serving as the 41st Comptroller of New York City
1994: Gabriel Oliver Koppell began serving as the 61st New York State Attorney General.
1995(29th of Tevet, 5755): Eugene Wigner, winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1963 passed away.
1995: The full text of report compiled by the Agranat Commission, except for 48 pages, was made public today.
1995: “The final phase of the Free Trade Agreement was fully implemented today when Israel and the United States completely eliminated all duties and tariffs on manufactured goods.”
1995: Norman Pearlstein began serving as editor in chief of Time Inc.
1997: “No Names on the Doors,” the third in Nadav “Levitan’s trilogy about Kibbutzim” was released in Israel today.
1997: Eighty-eight-year-old James Bennett Pritchard, the University of Pennsylvania archaeologist whose work included six expeditions that unearthed and examined the remains of the Biblical city of Gibeon passed away today.
1998: Share prices on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange closed higher today, on optimism that the Government would pass its 1998 budget and that there would be a cut in interest rates as early as February.
1998: Jack Weinstein, the future Deputy Chief of Staff for Strategic Deterrence and Nuclear Integration, was promoted to the rank of Lt. Colonel today.
1999: After 13 years, Jerry Abramson completed his final term as mayor of Louisville, KY.
1999: The Times of London features a review of Athens In Jerusalem: Classical antiquity and Hellenism in the making of the modern secular Jew by Yaacov Shavi; translated from the Hebrew by Chaya Naor and Niki Werner.
1999: Eliot Spitzer became the 63rd New York Attorney General.
1999: Eric Schneiderman began serving a member of the New York Senate from the 30th district.
2000: David Hurlbut moved into the Harmony Club in Selma, Alabama. It had originally been built as a social club by a group of prominent Jewish businessmen in 1909.
2000: Barbra Streisand completed a two night concert series at the MGM Grand Arena in Las Vegas which generate more than $18 million in revenue.
2000(23rd of Tevet, 5760): Jeshajahu Weinberg, the first director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum here and one of the principal forces behind its creation, died today in Ichilov Hospital in Tel Aviv. He was 81. Mr. Weinberg served as the museum's director from its beginning in 1989 until 1995, as it became one of Washington's leading tourist attractions. He also helped create museums in Israel and Europe. (As reported by Irvin Molotsky)
2001: A car bomb rocked the commercial heart of the Israeli coastal city of Netanya today wounding more than 30 people, at least one seriously.
2001: Yasir Arafat left Gaza shortly after midnight today for a hastily arranged meeting with President Clinton to discuss the Palestinian leader's reservations about an American blueprint for a final peace deal. came
2001: Former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu belatedly endorsed Ariel Sharon in his bid to become Prime Minister.
2002: Michael Bloomberg became the 108th Mayor of New York City.
2002: Gabriel Oliver Koppell began serving as a member of the New York City Council from the 11th District.
2002: Michael Applebaum began serving as Borough mayor for Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce and Montreal City Councilor
2002(17th of Tevet, 5762): Fifty-seven film producer Julia Phillips passed away. (As reported by Bernard Weinraub)
2002: Gabriel Oliver Koppell began serving as member of the New York City Council from the 11th District.
2003: Het Parool “an Amsterdam based daily newspaper” that got its start “as a resistance paper during the German occupation” took a financial bailout today to save it from the consequences of failing circulation and revenue.
2003: Alan Hevesi began serving as the 53rd Comptroller of New York
2003: Eric Schneiderman began serving as a member of the New York Senate from the 31st district.
2004: Louis Begley retired from Debevoise & Plimpton
2005: Jessalyn Sarah Gilsig and Bobby Salomon were married today in “a traditional Jewish wedding.
2005: Isaac Perlmutter became the CEO of Marvel Comics today.
2006: Jack Lebewohl, the new owner of the 2nd Avenue Deli which was located at its original location in the East Village, closed the famed eatery after a rent increase and a dispute over back rent that the landlord had said was due.
2006: Daniel C. Kurtzer, former U.S. ambassador to Israel and Egypt, assumes the position of S. Daniel Abraham Visiting Professor in Middle East Policy Studies at Princeton University.
2006: Eric Garcetti began serving as President of the Los Angeles City Council
2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Kafka: The Decisive Years by Reiner Stach, Savage Shorthand The Life and Death of Isaac Babel by Jerome Charyn, Siegfried Sassoon: A Life by Max Egremont and Why She Married Him Myriam Chapman’s first novel based on her grandmother's recently discovered manuscript describing a childhood in turn-of-the-century czarist Russia, close escapes from its brutal pogroms and life as a Jewish émigré in Paris.
2006(1st of Tevet, 5766): Henry Samuel Magdoff passed away. He was a prominent American social commentator who held several administrative positions in government during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt and later became co-editor of the Monthly Review.
2007: As a result of “the incident in which the Hanit Navy ship was struck by an Iranian missile launched by Hizbullah during the second Lebanon war” “IDF Chief of Staff Lieutenant General Dan Halutz announced today that the two Navy officers at the rank of colonel would be reprimanded following the incident, and that the ship's commander, a lieutenant colonel, would also be punished by the Navy commander, and his next position would be at the headquarters and not a commanding position.” (As reported by Hanan Greenberg)
2007: Eliot Spitzer became the 54th governor of New York
2007: Under Commissioner David Stern, the NBA switched back to the leather ball.
2007: Jane Doe Buys a Challah and Other Short Stories, the first publication of Ang-Lit Press, a newly established English publishing house based in Tel-Aviv goes on sale in Israel. The book is the first ever anthology of short stories by Israeli Anglo writers.
2008: Lieutenant General Moshe Levy, who had served at the 12th Chief of Staff of the IDF, suffered a massive stroke.
2009: In a move that bodes well for Israel, The Czech Republic takes over the presidency of the European Union from France. While France has condemned Israel’s attacks on Hamas, the Czech Foreign Minister Karel Shwarzenberg has “insisted Israel had the right to defend itself…Schwarzenberg said Hamas has excluded itself from serious political debate due to its rocket attacks on Israel” and that Hamas “has put its bases in gun warehouses in densely populated areas” which “was the reason for the Palestinians’ growing death toll.
2009: Today, Norman “Podhoretz became editor of Commentary magazine.
2009: Haaretz reported that according to a story published by the Belgian daily La Derniere Heure published earlier this week Jewish-French philosopher Bernard Henri-Levy was listed by a Belgium-based Islamist group as a target for assassination alongside other leading Jewish personalities in Europe.
2009 (5 Tevet 5769): Helen Suzman, the internationally renowned anti-apartheid campaigner who befriended the imprisoned Nelson Mandela and offered an often lonely voice for change among South Africa’s white minority, died in Johannesburg at the age of 91. (As reported by John F. Burns and Alan Cowell)
2009: “Teapacks, an Israeli band that formed in 1988 in the southern Israeli city of Sderot, officially disbanded today.
2009: After almost five years as Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, Bernard A. Friedman became the Senior Judge of the same court.
2009(5th of Tevet, 5769): Polish writer Henryk Halkowski, one of Poland's most notable contemporary Jewish personalities, died suddenly today just days after celebrating his 57th birthday. (As reported by JTA)
2010: Starting at noon, Congregation Tikvat Israel in Rockville, Md., is hosting a sale of used books about Judaism.
2010: In a case of Jew vs Jew Lionel Perez replaced Saulie Zajdel as Montreal City Councillor for Darlington.
2010: In Israel the Water Authority is supposed to be implementing a price hike. If the price increase does not go through, several water corporations - including those servicing the Galilee - will not have the funds to buy water from Mekorot, the national water company.
2010: In Jerusalem Hama'abada and The Visual Theatre present a unique collaboration: "Snow Will Fall Tonight" including the following three shows: "Pollyamoria" by Ma'ayan Moses, Pets" by Anat Arbel--tragi-comic dance theatre and "To Raise You Wild"--by Shai Persil.
2010: The Aksa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility today for firing two Grad-type rockets at the Netivot area from Gaza on last night.
2010: Two mortar shells hit open areas in southern Israel this evening. There were no reports of casualties or damage in both attacks. One of the projectiles landed near the Kerem Shalom border crossing at the southeastern end of the Gaza Strip and the other hit an open area in the Sdot Negev region and has not yet been located.
2010: Michael Bloomberg is sworn in for this third term as Mayor of New York.
2010: Birthdate of Nathan Zachary Silber son of David and Rebecca Silber and grandson of Dr. Robert “Bob” and Laurie Silber, pillars of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community and all-around great guys.
2011: András Schiff “published a letter in the Washington Post questioning whether "Hungary is ready and worthy to take on" the rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union, as it did that day, because of "racism, discrimination against the Roma, anti-Semitism, xenophobia, chauvinism and reactionary nationalism," and "the latest media laws"
2011: Eric Schneiderman began serving as the 65th Attorney General of New York.
2011: Frederick Lawrence, 54, is scheduled to become Brandeis University’s eighth president today succeeding President Jehuda Reinharz
2011: With snow falling and temperatures well below freezing, the Traditional Minyan at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, ushered in the New Year. In keeping with the bowl games that dominate the day, Deb Levin and Amy Barnum provided a football themed Kiddush complete with pizza, munchies and a whole lot more.
2011: Arab terrorists launched a mortar attack near Sderot this evening. One woman was treated for shock. The IDF noted that 6,500 residents live in the immediate area, which includes several kibbutzim. The IDF retaliated by bombing a terrorist base and a weapons factory in northern and central Gaza later that night.
2011: Two female soldiers managed to escape a would-be attacker tonight. The two were attacked by a Palestinian Authority man with a knife as they left their base in Gush Etzion, south of Jerusalem. The two reported the incident immediately, and Border Police began searching the area. They found the PA man nearby, and he admitted to having attempted to stab soldiers at the base. He was arrested and taken in for questioning.
2011: An earthquake hit northern Israel on this evening, being felt most strongly in the region of Beit Shean and Afula; residents of Tzfat reported feeling motion as well. The quake was measured at 3.6 on the Richter scale. No injuries were reported following the quake.
2011(25th of Tevet, 5771): Abdallah Simon, called one of America's "most powerful" wine executives for decades and a philanthropist, died today at the age of 88.
2011: As a result of the 2010 Congressional Elections, the following is a list of the 39 Jewish members — 12 senators and 27 representatives — who are expected to serve in the 112th U.S. Congress, which is set to convene in January:
Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.)*
Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.)**
Benjamin Cardin (D-Md.)
Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.)
Al Franken (D-Minn.)
Herb Kohl (D-Wisc.)
Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.)
Joseph Lieberman (I-Conn.)
Carl Levin (D-Mich.)
Bernard Sanders (I-Vt.)
Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.)**
Ron Wyden (D-Ore.)**
(Sen. Michael Bennet (D-Colo.), who is projected to win his re-election bid, does not identify a religion, but notes that his mother is Jewish and a Holocaust survivor.)
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Gary Ackerman (D-N.Y.)
Shelley Berkley (D-Nev.)
Howard Berman (D-Calif.)
Eric Cantor (R-Va.)
David Cicilline (D-R.I.)*
Stephen Cohen (D-Tenn.)
Susan Davis (D-Calif.)
Ted Deutch (D-Fla.)
Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.)
Bob Filner (D-Calif.)
Barney Frank (D-Mass.)
Gabrielle Giffords (D-Ariz.)
Jane Harman (D-Calif.)
Steve Israel (D-N.Y.)
Sander Levin (D-Mich.)
Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.)
Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.)
Jared Polis (D-Colo.)
Steve Rothman (D-N.J.)
Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.)
Allyson Schwartz (D-Pa.)
Adam Schiff (D-Calif.)
Brad Sherman (D-Calif.)
Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-Fla.)
Henry Waxman (D-Calif.)
Anthony Weiner (D-N.Y.)
John Yarmuth (D-Ky.)
*Elected to House or Senate for the first time in 2010 midterms
**Senators who were re-elected in 2010 midterms (As reported by JTA)
2012: Simon Greer will become the president and CEO at the Nathan Cummings Foundation after serving in the same roles at Jewish Funds for Justice. He succeeds Lance Lindblom.
2012: A memorial service was held to honor the late Yiddish singer Adrienne Cooper at Congregation Ansche Chesed while shiva was held at her daughter’s apartment in New York City.
2012: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Gossip: The Untrivial Pursuit” by Joseph Epstein and “Some of My Lives: A Scrapbook Memoir” by Rosamond Bernier whose mother was English and whose father was an American Jew.
2012(6th of Tevet, 5772): Venerated Israeli singer Yafa Yarkoni died at the age of 86 at Reut Medical Center in Tel Aviv today, after years of suffering from Alzheimer's disease. (As reported by Isabel Kershner)
2012: Today, University of California and Harvard Business School graduate Laurence M. Baer, the play-by-player announcer turned baseball executive, who along with his wife Pamela is a member of Congregation Emanu-El, became the CEO of the San Francisco Giants.
2012: Israeli politicians responded to last night‘s ultra-Orthodox demonstration in Jerusalem’s Kikar Hashabbat (Sabbath Square), with Defense Minister Ehud Barak and Opposition Leader Tzipi Livni expressing outrage over protesters use of Holocaust symbolism to protest what they termed the exclusion of Haredim.
2012: Gaza terrorists resumed 11 years of aerial attacks on Israel late this morning, firing two mortars shells on the western Negev.
2013: After having announced his intentions in September, today Thomas Edgar Rothman’s resignation as Chairman and CEO of Fox Filmed Entertainment became effective today.
2013: The works Janusz Korczak the pediatrician who wrote under the pen name Henryk Goldszmit and who famously went to the death camps with his orphans, would be available in the public domain as of 1 January 2013.[
2013: Paul Shapiro's Ribs and Brisket Revue is scheduled to host a special Klezmer Brunch for the New Year.
2013: Thomas Edgar Rothman’s resignation as “chairman and chief executive of the Fox Filmed Entertainment” which had been tendered in September, became effective today.
2013: “The Looper” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.
2013: Starting today, female and male models who have a body mass index (BMI) of less than 18.5 may not be shown in the media or on Israeli websites or go down the catwalk at fashion shows
2013: After coming under fire from right-wing Israeli politicians for a series of statements he made over the past few days regarding the peace process and the prospect of talks with Hamas, President Shimon Peres was subjected to an unexpected tongue lashing — from a top Palestinian Authority official today.
2013: The ascendant head of the Jewish Home party, Naftali Bennett, continued to make political waves \, after supporters of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud-Yisrael Beytenu list released an Internet ad featuring Holocaust-era imagery that implied that the national religious party aspires to take the country’s Orthodox citizens back to “the ghetto.”
2014: Professor Gal Kaminka, of Bar-Ilan University’s Department of Computer Science and Gonda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, one of Israel’s, and the world’s, leading contributors to intelligent robotics – the science of using artificial intelligence to make robots “smarter” – is scheduled to receive Landau Prize for Arts and Sciences in the robotics category for his outstanding contributions to the advancement of science today (As reported by David Shamah)
2014: Rabbi David Ellenson completed his term as President of HUC-JOR
2014: “The Escape” and “Omar” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.
2014: Former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's condition continues to worsen, Sheba Hospital in Tel HaShomer reported today to Channel 10. (As reported by Tova Dvorin)
2014: Andrew Cohen began serving as a Member of the New York City Council from the 11th District.
2014: A memorial service for the 69 sailors of the INS Dakar was held at Mount Herzl today, marking 46 years since it sank into the Mediterranean. (As reported by Tova Dvorin)
2014: In Switzerland, “the former municipality of Unterendingen merged into the municipality of Endingen” which “the 18th and 19th century, was one of few villages in which Swiss Jews were permitted to settle” as can be seen by the fact that “old buildings in Endingen have two doors – one for Jews and one for Christians” and that. Endigen's synagogue and Jewish cemetery are listed as a heritage site of national significance.”
2015: “The IDF is scheduled to withdraw its security forces from Israeli communities near Gaza that are not adjacent to the border effective today.”
2015: Jody Geron is scheduled to join Universal Music Publish Group today Chariman/CEO, replacing Zach Horowitz who has led the company for the past two years.”
2015: “Heartburn” and Foxcatcher” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.
2015(10th of Tevet, 5775): Fast of the 10th Tevet
2015(10th of Tevet, 5775): Yahrzeit of Judith Sharon Levin Rosenstein, known to one and all simply as Judy.
2015: Jerusalem Mayro Nir Barkat announced today that the “The Jerusalem Unity Prize has been established in memory of three Israeli teens -- Gil-ad Shaar, Eyal Yifrach, and Naftali Fraenkel, a dual American and Israeli citizen who were kidnapped and murdered by Palestinian terrorists last June.”
2015: “Ayala Shapira, the 11-year-old Israeli girl who was critically wounded in a firebomb attack in the West Bank last week, awoke from a medically induced coma today.” (As reported by Lazar Berman)
2015: “Palestinians threw three Molotov cocktails at building in a Jewish neighborhood on the Mount of Olives on the first night of 2015. (As reported by Lazar Berman)
2015: Todd Kaminsky began serving as a member of the New York State Assembly from the 20th District.
2016(20th of Tevet, 5776) On the Jewish calendar, yahrzeit of Maimonides.
2016: Today, Cantor Sherwood Goffin officially retired as the Chazan of the Lincoln Square Synagogue where he was giving the title of “Founding Chazan.”
2016: The copyright that a Swiss foundation holds to The Diary of Anne Frank was scheduled to end today until litigation was brought which may extend the copyright to 2050 or beyond.
2016: During the day, we say Happy New Year and in the evening we say Shabbat Shalom.
2017(3rd of Tevet, 5777): Eighth Day of Chanukah and New Year’s Day
2017(3rd of Tevet, 5777) Seventy-seven year old Tel Aviv born veteran of the Golani Brigade and University of Jerusalem and NYU trained lawyer, Yaakov Neeman, the former Minister of Justice and Minster of Finance passed away today in Jerusalem.
2017: Russ and Daughters Kosher location at the Jewish Museum is scheduled to be open for New Year’s.
2017: “Through the Wall” is scheduled to be shown at JW3 in London.
2017: “The new state broadcasting corporation established by a 2014 Knesset law to replace the cash strapped Israel Broadcasting is scheduled to be launched today. (As reported by Sue Surkes)
2017: “Islamic authorities managing the Temple Mount attempted to have a veteran Israeli archaeologist ejected from the Jerusalem flashpoint holy site today for using the term “Temple Mount” in a lecture to American students.”
2017: The New York Times features books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion by Paul Bloom, The Glass Universe: How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of the Stars by Dava Sobe, the recently released paperback editions of On The Road by Gloria Steinem and The Improbability of Life by Hannah Rothschild as well as a “conversation with Bernard-Henri Lévy, the author of The Genius of Judaism and the report that one of the books that will appear in March is Ariel Levy’s The Rules Do Not Apply, “a memoir that builds on her powerful 2013 essay in The New Yorker about a miscarriage she suffered during a reporting trip to Mongolia.”
2018: Deadline for accepting application for the 2018 Graduate Research Fellowship competition sponsored by the US Holocaust Memorial “Museum’s Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies.”
2018(14th of Tevet, 5778): Ninety-seven-year-old Robert Mann, “the founding first violinist of the Julliard String Quarter passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)
2018: For those planning on celebrating the New Year with a combination of Culture and Kosher Cuisine Russ & Daughters is scheduled to open this morning at its café in the Jewish Museum.
2018: “As of today, the Simon Dubnow Institute, then Leibniz Institute for Jewish History and Culture – Simon Dubnow (DI), will be accepted as member of the Leibniz Association”
2018: “In a generational changing of the guard”, 37 year old Arthur Gregg Sulzberger is scheduled to replace his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger as the publisher of the New York Times today.
2019: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is scheduled to attend the inauguration of Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro today in Brasilia. (As reported by C.H. Gardiner)
2019: Thanks to the wonder of modern communication, the University of Iowa is scheduled to play in the Outback Bowl under the watchful eyes of Hebrew Hawkeyes Joel Barnum, Fred Goldstein and Bob Silber who are in three different cities.
2019: JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Budapest Noir” this evening in London
2019(24th of Tevet, 5779): On the Jewish calendar, “Yahrzeit of Rabbi Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler.”