Tuesday, June 16, 2020

This Day, June 17, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. and Deb Levin Z"L

JUNE 17          

397: Roman Emperors Arcadius and Honorius issue the following order "The governors must be informed that, upon receipt of this notice, all insults attacking the Jews shall be averted and that their synagogues shall remain unmolested." This protection for Synagogues was not a sign of Philo-Semitism.  Even with the rise of Christianity, the Emperors were concerned about maintain order in the Empire and allowing mobs to attack Jewish buildings would undermine their authority.

397: Roman Emperors Arcadius and Honorius issued a decree saying, "If Jews are harassed by a criminal charge or by debts then pretend that want to be subject to Christian law in order to avoid the criminal charges or debts by taking refuge in the church, they must be driven away. They cannot be received as Christians until they pay off all their debts or have been cleared of criminal charges.”  As Christianity took on the trappings of a state-religion, some Jews sought to avoid paying debts by pretending to be Christians.  Again, in the name of public order, the imperial system could not tolerate such behavior.

827: An invasion force of 10,000 Muslims invaded Sicily with the intention of taking control of the island; a goal when accomplished did not negatively impact the Jewish community which dates back to the first century of the Common Era when they probably arrived as slaves during the Rebellion against Rome.

845: At a synod at Meaux, King Charles the Bald rejected the anti-Jewish policies Theodboldus Amulo, the Archbishop of Lyons.

1025: Boleslaw I the Brave, first king of Poland, passed away. There were reports of Jews living in Poland during the time Mieszko I, Boleslaw’s father. Jews were reported to have been living in Gniezno, Poland’s first capital during the 10th and 11th century which included the reign of Boleslaw.

1239:  Birthdate of King Edward I.  Known as “Longshanks” Edward is famed for the “Model Parliament.”  He is known to American filmgoers as the King who tortured and killed William Wallace.  In Jewish history, he is the monarch who expelled the Jews from his realm in 1290, having extracted every economic advantage from them that was possible.  Jews would not return as a community until the final days of the Tudors.

1242: At the decree of Pope Gregory IX and King Louis, all copies of the Talmud were confiscated in Paris. Declaring that the reason for the stubbornness of the Jews was their study of the Talmud, the Pope called for an investigation of the Talmud that resulted in its condemnation and burning. Twenty-four cartloads of Hebrew manuscripts were publicly burned. Rabbi Meir was an eyewitness to the public burning of the twenty-four cartloads of Talmudic manuscripts (and he bewailed this tragedy in his celebrated "Kina" Shaali serufah (שאלי שרופה) which is still recited on Tisha B'Av.

1244: According to one source the above captioned happened Erev Shabbat Chukath, 5004

1291: Today, the Mamluks under the command of al-Ashrff Kahlil captured Acre which had been defended by the Knights Templar and after the inhabitants had fled, the victors looted the city after which they destroyed the fortifcations.

1462: Vlad III the Impaler attempted to assassinate Mehmed II forcing him to retreat from Wallachia. Fortunately for the Jewish people, the attempt on his life failed. When Mehmed conquered Constantinople he was warmly greeted by the city’s Jews.  Over the years, he welcomed Jews fleeing from Europe and urged them to settle in his domain.  The Jews were so grateful that they even formed a regiment called “The Sons of Moses” to fight under Mehmed’s banner.

1501: John I Albert (or Olbracht in Polsih) passed away. In 1495 King Jan I Olbracht transferred Krakow Jews to the nearby royal city of Kazimierz, which gave rise to its once bustling Jewish quarter and a major European center of the Diaspora for the next three centuries. With time it turned into virtually separate and self-governed 34-acre Jewish Town, a model of every East European shtetl, within the limits of the gentile city of Kazimierz. As refugees from all over Europe kept coming to find the safe haven here, its population reached 4,500 by 1630.

1590: In Lisbon, Estevainha Gomes of Faro was burned at the stake by the Inquistion. The first records of Jews living in Faro dates from the reign of Alfonso III in the 13th century. Descendants of the Faro Jewish community were among the first members of Bevis Marks Synagogue in London.

1696: John III Sobieski, King of Poland, passed away.  John III Sobieski is best remembered as commander who defeated the Turks at Vienna.  According to tradition, the first bagels were baked by Jewish bakers in Vienna to commemorate the victorious charge by the Polish cavalry.  The bagel was shaped to look like a stirrup (key equipment for cavalrymen) and one of the first one baked was given to John III.  Modern day scholarship has challenged the legend, but the legend lives on.

1731: At an auto-de-fe in Lisbon four men and eight women were condemned. A majority of the 12 were burnt at the stake. On this particular Sunday four men and eight women were present at the auto-de-fe of Lisbon. A majority of them were burned alive. A total of 71 other persons were sentenced at this event. Duarte Navarro, an 83 year old New Christian, was among those condemned for Judaizing.

1761: In Nancy, France, 22 year old Jacob Alexandre was sentenced to be hanged for receiving communion.  Alexandre was Jewish and had violated the canon law that “bars non-Christians from receiving communion.” On appeal, Alexandre’s sentence was commuted to a lifetime in the galleys.  Apparently Alexandre was a near-do well who thought that as an apostate Jew he would be will taken care of by the Catholics.  While he took on their manners and customs, he tried to have the best of both worlds by not actually converting, a fact that caught up with him and proved to be his undoing.

1764: In Amsterdam, Abraham Emden and Martha Van Minden gave birth to Eliaser Abraham Emden.

1768(2nd of Tammuz, 5528): During the Cossack Uprising, Jews and Poles fought alongside each other as the siege of Uman began; a siege that would end with the Jews being massacred following their betrayal by the Poles.

1775(19th of Sivan, 5535): Parashat Beha’alotcha

1775:  The Battle of Bunker Hill (which actually took place at Breed’s Hill) fought on this date shows that American troops can stand against British professionals. Aaron Solomon was among the volunteers braving the British assaults.  In 1823, prominent Bostonians established a committee to build a monument to honor the American “moral” victory.  It would take twenty years to raise the funds and actually build the Bunker Hill Monument.  Famed Jewish businessman, veteran of the Battle of New Orleans, and philanthropist, Judah Turo donated the amazing large sum (for the early 19th century) of ten thousand dollars to this effort.

1783: “A document requesting civil rights’ for the Jews was given to Josef II when he visited Czernowitz today – a request that was denied.

1786: In Savannah, GA, “David N. Cardozo, a member of the Sephardic Jewish mercantile community who had served in the South Carolina militia during the American Revolution” and an “unidentified woman” gave birth to “economist and journalist Jacob Newton Cardozo.”

1802: Birthdate of Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt, the German born French astronomer and painter who discovered “shadow bands in total solar eclipses” and received the “Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society” for having discovered a record number of asteroids.

1802: Jacob Marks and Hannah Alexander were married today at the Great Synagogue in the United Kingdom.

1807: M.J. Bing writes to Nathan Rothschild asking that Nathan deal directly with him and not through his father.

1808: In Kristiansand, Norway, Nicolai Wergeland, who was opponent of letting Jews living in Norway and his wife gave birth to Henrik Wergeland who started out agreeing with his father but had a change of heart and led the fight for repealing the clause in the constitution that kept Jews from settling as citizens in Norway.

1811: Mordechai Manuel Noah (a Sephardi) accepted the appointment as American Consul General at Tunis, "supported as I should with the wealth and influence of forty-thousand residents." Noah was the first Jew to be appointed to a diplomatic post by an U.S. President.  The President was James Madison.

1811: Birthdate of Adolphe Philippe, the native of Paris who gained fame as dramatist and author Adolphe Philippe d’Ennery.

1813: Moses Levy and Elizabeth Jacobs were today at the Western Synagogue in the United Kingdom.

1816: In Kovno, Rabbi Tzemach Sachs and his wife gave birth to Russo-French Hebrew scholar Senior Sachs.

1825(1st of Tammuz, 5585): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1829: Birthdate of German rabbi and historian. Meyer Kayserling. Born in Hanover, He was educated at Halberstadt, Nikolsburg (Moravia), Prague, Würzburg, and Berlin. He devoted himself to history and philosophy. Encouraged in historical researches by Leopold von Ranke, Kayserling turned his attention to the history and literature of the Jews of Iberia. n 1861 the Aargau government appointed him rabbi of the Swiss Jews, which office he held until 1870. During his residence in Switzerland he argued in favor of civil equality for his coreligionists, both then and later facing the charges brought against them. In 1870 he accepted a call as preacher and rabbi to the Jewish community of Budapest. Kayserling was a member of the Royal Academy in Madrid, of the Trinity Historical Society, and others. He died at Budapest in 1905.

1832: Birthdate of Abraham Cohn, the native of Prussia who was an American Civil War Union Army Sergeant Major and recipient of the Congressional  Medal of Honor “for having distinguished himself at the Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia …and the Battle of the Crater, Petersburg, Virginia…”

1834: After three days, a pogrom in Safed came to an end leaving much of the Jewish “homeless, distraught” and impoverished.

1836: A day after she passed away, Gila bat Yehud was buried today at “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

1838: In Prague Elisabet Faunders becomes Elisabet Popper when she married Isaias Popper.

1840: Israel Mombach married Catherine Hyams at the Great Synagogue

1843:In Greater London, Moses Aaron Jessel, the London born son of Aaron and Maria Theresa Jessel and his was wife Elizabeth Jessel gave birth to Amelia Jessel who became Amelia Sawyer when she married Edmund Joseph Sawyer.

1844: In Paris, Joseph Derenbourg and his wife gave birth to Orientalist Hartwig Derenbourg.

1845: Twenty-six year old Hermann “Hirschell” Bodenheimer, the son of Emanuel and Johanna Bodenheimer married Elise “Elka” Hisrchfelder, with whom he had eight children – Jakob, Fanny, Pauline, Emanuel, Wilhelmine, Moritz, Bertha and Salomon

1846:  French native Lion Lion married Rosine Bing-Jacob at the Great Synagogue in the United Kingdom.

1847: Grace Aguilar, her brother Emanuel and their mother Sara left to catch a steamer that would take them to Ostend where her brother had arranged for her to seek medical treatment for her depression and headaches.

1852(30th of Sivan, 5612): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1854: In Dayton founding of B’nai Yeshurun which holds services on Friday evening and Saturday morning; religious school on Saturday and Sunday; is supported by a Ladies’ Hebrew Relief Society and owns “a cemetery two miles southwest of the city.”

1856: An article entitled “Who are Jews?” explained that whenever the term Jew is used “in our police reports or elsewhere in the Times” it is not a reference to the religion of those described but “solely the designation of their nationality.”

1856:  The Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia.  The Republican Party included a strong abolitionist strain; the party adopted a stance of opposing the expansion of slavery into the Western territories.  The party nominee was John C. Fremont and the party slogan was free soil, free men, Fremont.  Many Jews were drawn to the party because of its anti-slavery stance including Moritz Prinner who edited a German-language abolitionist paper in strife torn Kansas.  Prinner was joined at the 1860 Republican convention by other Jews including Lewis Naphtali Dembitz, uncle of future Supreme Court Justice Louis Dembitz Brandies who nominated Lincoln and Sigismund Kaufman of New York. Abraham Jonas of Illinois was another early member of the Republican Party and served as one of Lincoln’s campaign managers in 1860.

1858: Isaac and Julie Judith Josephine Mautner gave birth to Eugenie Jenny Sarah Schur

1859: New York Rabbi Morris Jacob Rapall officiated at the consecration of the United Hebrew Congregation’s new building which was located on 6th Street between Locust and St. Charles streets.  Founded in 1837, historian Jonathan Sarna describes it as the oldest synagogue west of the Mississippi River.

1862: Isaac H. Philipps of Company F of the 36th Regiment completed his service in the Union Army

1863(30th of Sivan, 5623): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz observed as Confederate forces under General Lee continue their “second invasion of the Union” heading for Pennsylvania.

1865(23rd of Sivan, 5625): Parashat Sh’lach

1865(23rd of Sivan, 5625): Forty-five year old Jacob Washington Cromelien, the New York born son of David and Henriette Cromelien and the husband of Albiona Wartenby passed away today after which he was buried in the Mikveh Israel Cemetery in Philadelphia, PA.

1866: In “Achim, Germany, Abraham and Emma Auerbach” gave birth to Kansas City, MO businessman Henry A. Auberbachm, the husband of Rosine Auerbach.

1868: In Kalwaria, Russian Poland, Mordecai L. Frank and Brocha R. Bernstein gave to Simcha Pawil Frank, who taught “classes in Jewish literature and religion at the Educational Alliance in New York and was the author of numerous articles published in both the Jewish and secular press” on “subjects dealing with the Bible and religion.

1869: Birthdate of Swiss born and educated William Dreyfus, the “chief chemist of the West Disinfecting Company and chairman of the National Association of Insecticide and Disinfectant Manufacturers. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1946/03/14/88347882.pdf

1871(28th of Sivan, 5631): Parashat Sh’lach

1871: William H. Seward, the Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln who had been contender for the Presidency spent part of Shabbat in Jerusalem at the Huvra Synagogue which he described as “a very lofty edifice, surmounted by a circular dome and where, as he sat “in the chief seat in the synagogue” he heard “a prayer for the President of the United States, and a thanksgiving for the deliverance of the Union from its rebellious assailants [the just-concluded Civil War]” followed by “a prayer of gratitude for Mr. Seward's visit to the Jews at Jerusalem, for his health, for his safe return to his native land, and a long, happy life.”

1873: In New York City, Lyman Bloomingdale and Hattie Collenberger gave birth to Samuel Joseph Bloomingdale, he husband of Rita Goodman and the Columbia educated businessman who “upon the death of his father in 1905, became with his two brothers, owner of Bloomingdale Brothers Department Store.”

1874: Barnet Henry Abrahams married Dinah Zox at the Borough Synagogue in the United Kingdom.

1877:The Jews in Turkey” published today, traces the history of the Jewish population in the Ottoman Empire from the days when they first came to Macedonia during the reign of Alexander the great. Today the Jewish element in the population of Turkey is strongly represented in Macedonia….because” in part  “it is the richest quarter of the empire;”  More for  2014

1878(16th of Sivan, 5638): Seventy-eight year old “physician, poet and writer Aaron Ludwig Joseph Jeitteles passed away today at Graz.

1879: It was reported today that young Richard J.H. Gotthell read an essay at the commencement ceremony of the Temple Emanu-El Preparatory School of the Hebrew College that were being over-seen by his father, the rabbi, Dr. Gottheil.

1880: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa Charles and Ada Van Vechten (who were not Jewish) gave birth to their youngest son Carl Van Vechten “the literary executor of Gertrude Stein” and portrait photographer whose subject included Man Ray, Sidney Lumet, Norman Mailer and Beverly Sills

1880: Two days after he passed away, forty-eight year old Leopold Oppenheim, the native of Offenbach was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1881: “Fashionable” Parisians attended a concert to raise funds to aid Jews living in Russia.

1882(30th of Sivan, 5642): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1882: Lewis and Rose Barnet were seriously injured when the fell down the equivalent of 3 stories when the fire escape in their tenement gave way.  The two Austrian born Jews lived on the 5th floor of a building that housed Kenneseth Israel, a congregation of Polish and Russian Jews.  Supposedly the building had been fully inspected and passed without any problems.  [Unfortunately, accidents like this were all too typical on the lower East Side and were the result of a combination of shoddy construction and graft.]

1882: In “Oranienbaum, a suburb of Saint Petersburg, Fyodor Stravinsky a well-known bass at the Kiev opera house and the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, and Anna (née Kholodovsky), a native of Kiev, one of four daughters of a high-ranking official in the Kiev Ministry of Estates gave birth Igor Stravinsky who to the world was one of the leading composers and conductors of the 20th century but to Jews was also “an admitted anti-Semite.”

1882: Josiah Cohen, a Jewish lawyer living in Pittsburgh, will probably be selected to be the Republican nominee for an at-large Congressional seat.

1883: It was reported today that that the Czars coronation is being celebrated with balls and galas in St. Petersburg and Moscow. In Kiev and Rostov on the Don the celebrations have taken another form – serious disturbances including attacks on the Jews of the area.

 1884: In Leadville, CO, the Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Schloss, prominent Jewish leaders of the community hosted a soiree that including chess competition in which J.H. Zucketort played six opponents simultaneously. The visiting champion won three and lost three.

1884: In “Hraboce, Herman and Sarah (Hubschman) Berger gave birth to New York trained physician Benjamin Berger, the husband of Victoria Brand who served as an “instructor in dermatology and urology at University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College” and  “chief of clinic in dermatology at Beth Israel Hospital” while being “actively affiliated with numerous Jewish charitable and educational institutions.”

1885: “The Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, arrives in New York harbor aboard the Isere.” “The Jewish American poet Emma Lazarus saw the statue as a beacon to the world. A poem she wrote to help raise money for the pedestal, and which is carved on that pedestal, captured what the statue came to mean to the millions who migrated to the United States seeking freedom, and who have continued to come unto this day.”

1886: It was reported today that Levi P. Morton has been chosen as Chairman of the Republican County Committee despite his previous statement refusing to accept the position even if he were chosen to fill it. Friends of the Jewish community leader hope to be able to convince him to change his name.

1887: It was reported today that Justice Rhinehart has reserved his decision in the suit brought by Samuel Colman against Charles Frank, a matrimonial agent who had promised to help him woo and win a young Jewess named Wolf and a counter-suit brought by Frank against Colman for money owed for providing him help in this matter. [Matchmaker, matchmaker, make me a match]

1888: It was reported today that Mrs. Katie Levy, the wife of Albert Levy, has filed an alienation of affection suit against her mother-in-law, Mrs. Pauline Levy in which she is seeking $50,000 in damages.  The younger Mrs. Levy is a Roman Catholic who claims that her mother-in-law has interfered with her marriage because she wanted her son to marry a rich Jewish girl.

1888: “A Hebrew Charity Ball” published today described the second annual fund raiser hosted by the staff of the Hebrew Journal for the benefit of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.

1888: A partial list published today of those who attended the charity reception and ball sponsored by the staff of the Hebrew Journal for the benefit of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society including Coroner Levy, Civil Justice Goldfogle, Judge Steckler, Judge Ehrlich, Judge Pitshke and “School Trustee Fleischauer” as well as members of the Henrietta Verein, the Deborah Verein and the Edward Lasker Literary, Dramatic and Social Circle.”

1888: it was reported today It was reported today that Rabbi Gottheil of Temple Emanu-El described the later Emperor Wilhelm of Germany as a “noble soul” who was “an ideal ruler…loved by all men.”  He saw him as a friend of the Jewish people since he said that “Germany has lost an Emperor…the oppressed a champion and Israel a true friend. [For those who grew equating Germany with Nazis and the Holocaust, this positive view of Germany and German leaders might come as a bit of a surprise.]

1889: Among the items found inside a chest with a false-bottom that was being inspected by government agents as it was being unloaded from Hamburg American steamship Gellert were “23 fine seamless woolen shirts” like those worn by Orthodox Jews.”  (Who would have guessed there was such a market?)

1889: In Albany, the Talmud Torah Benevolent Association of New York was incorporated today.

1889: In the East End of London, “Nathan Ostrer, a jeweler’s salesman and his wife Francesca Fanny gave birth to Isidore Ostrer founder of the Lothbury Investments Corporation and Ostrer Brothers Merchant Bank whose loans led them to become active in the motion picture industry.

1891: Le Roy Eltinge, the author of Psychology of War which contained such anti-Semitic passages as “He doesn’t know what patriotism means”, “the soldiers lot is hard physical work” which “the Jew despises and “he does not have any of the qualities of a good soldier” – remarks which forced the War Department to order him to go over the book and remove all such objectionable portions – began his military career today when he was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point.

1891: In New York City, David and Sarah Aronson Jacobson, gave birth to Edward “Eddie” Jacobson,the resident of Kansas City, MO who became friends with Harry Truman when they served together in France during WW I and ran a haberdashery store during the early 1920’s who arranged a critical meeting between Chaim Weizmann and Truman that helped pave the way to the United States being the first country to recognize the new state of Israel.

1892: It was reported today that the highlight of annual exhibition of the Hebrew Technical Institute was  “the twenty-light Edison continuous dynamo that illuminates the laboratory” which was made by last year’s and this year’s graduates without any outside assistance.

1893: It was reported today that Jacob A. Schiff and Joseph Bloomingdale are sending the top five students from the senior class of the Hebrew Technical Students – Martin Loewing, Max Goldstein, Louis Wohlgemuth, Albert Finkelstein, and Henry L. Rubovitz – and the two top students in the Junior Class – Samuel Druskin and Solomon Lurie – to the 1893 World’s Fair.

1894: It was reported today the August Bebel gave a speech to the Social Democratic Party in which he called for Jewish members to play a less public role in public affairs.  This way the party would avoid suffering from the current wave of anti-Semitism. Jewish members including Emanuel Wurm and Paul Singer objected to his proposal saying that there must be a better way of dealing with “the Jew-baiters.”  The matter will be voted on at the next meeting of the next Social Democratic Congress.

1894: Ezra Hurwitz, the Lithuanian born son of Nachum and Freida Leah Hurwitz married Bertha Deutsch, the New York born daughter of Joseph and Theresa Deutsch.

1895: In south Sweden, August and Mathilda Andersson gave birth to Ruben Andersson who would gain fame as Ruben Ruasing the founder of Tetra Pak.

1895: Two days after he had passed away, 43 year old Johan Newmann, the son of Wilhelm Newmann and Priscilla Davis was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

1895: Birthdate of Baltimore native and wholesale grocer Lee Lazar Dopkin, the President of the Hebrew Home for the Aged.

1896: The upcoming Commencement Exercises of the Hebrew Technical Institute and an outing for members of the Young Folks’ League of the Hebrew Infant Asylum were two of the items listed in today’s Coming Events Column.

1896: “Incidents of the Day” included an explanation of why a Rabbi was chosen to give the opening prayer at the Republican National Convention.  The party is split between factions representing the American Protective Association, an anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic organization and delegates who are Catholics.  The managers for William McKinley who is the probable nominee chose a rabbi because the choide of Protestant minister or Catholic priest would have split the Convention.  To make matters worse the Rabbi is a Democrat and members of his family are active in the local Democratic Party. (Echoes of the APA can be heard in the 21st century as the United States debates the immigration issue.)

1896: In the court at Essex Market, an unidentified lawyer used the Hebrew word for “drop dead” when the magistrate said he would not hear any more cases until 9:30 next morning.  Fortunately for the lawyer, the job did not understand Hebrew.

1897: Herzl moves the Zionist Congress to Basel.

1897(17th of Sivan, 5657): Fifty four year old Henry Gersoni, Ph.D., the Russian born, German educated teacher and author who went to Atlanta GA in 1874 to serve as rabbi before accepted a similar position at B’nai Sholem in Chicago passed away today.  He left the rabbinate to found the Jewish Advance which he published successfully before returning to New York where he worked as a teacher and journalist.

1897: As of today, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association is reported to have 1,000 members.

1897: Having already donated a brownstone at 861 Lexington Avenue valued at $20,000 to the Young Men’s Hebrew Association, Jacob Schiff has authorized YMHA President Percival S. Menken to spend an additional $30,000 to purchase property and equipment so it will have a facility that will include a meeting hall, gymnasium and reference library.

1897: Birthdate of Montreal native Lt. Gen. Edeson Louis Millard “Tommy Burns” the Canadian military office who after his retirement was closely involved in the Middle East peace process during the 1950’s and wrote Between Arab and Israeli published in 1963.

1897: Tonight, the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church completed its investigation of charges of immorality and untruthfulness leveled against Herman Warszawiak and found him guilty.  Warszawiak was a convert who had been conducting a mission on Grand Street to convert other Jews.

1898: Birthdate of German professor of crystallography Carl Hermann.  Hermann was a Quaker and a man of rare courage. “When the Nazi Party rose to power, he refused their political restrictions on academic positions, leaving to take a position as a physicist with industrial dye firm I.G. Farbenwerke at Ludwigshafen, where he continued his crystallographic research and studied symmetry in higher-dimensional spaces. During the war that followed, he and his wife Eva helped many Jews hide and escape persecution and death, for which he himself spent much time in prison and was sentenced to death. As he was an eminent scientist with influential friends, the sentence was never carried out, and he survived.

1898(27th of Sivan, 5658): Seventy-seven year old Italian author and bible scholar Moses Isaac Tedeschi passed away today.  His autobiography was appended to Simhat ha-Regel a collection of homilies and glosses on the Targum to Proverbs

1898: In New York City, “Maurice and Bertha (Cantor) Fishberg” gave birth to Columbia University trained physician Arthur Maurice Fishberg, the husband of Irene Levin who served as the clinical professor of medicine at Mount Sinai School of Medical and clinical professor at NYU while conducting “extensive” research into “cardiovascular and renal diseases.”

1898: George M. Appel began serving as a Sergeant with the 1st U.S. Volunteer Engineers during the Spanish American War.

1898: Twenty-four year old Detroit businessman Hyman P. Weller, the Austrian born son Shendel and Solomon married Miss Minnie Weiselthier of Boston today with he raised a son and two daughers.

1898: In Cincinnati, Ohio at the Mound Street Temple, Rabbi Isaac M. Wise is scheduled to confer the degrees at the graduation exercises of the Hebrew Union College

more 2014

1898: In Austria, “gangs of peasants…attacked and plundered the Jewish shops at Frysztak near Rzeszow” wounding several Jews.

1899(9th of Tammuz, 5659): Sixty three year old Josef Goldstein who had been chief cantor at the Leopoldstädter Tempel in Vienna, Austria since 1857 passed away today. Cantorial music runs in the family since his brother Moritz (Morris) Goldstein who was the cantor at K.K. Bene Israel Synagogue in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1899: The United Hebrew Charities has told immigration authorities that no expense is to be spared in caring for Julia Lichtner, the 12 year old youngster, who became an orphan when her father jumped overboard while they were returning to New York aboard a White Star liner out of LIverpool.  If it can be proven that she really was born in the United States, she will be classified as a U.S. citizens “and place in a home where she can be taken care of with money given by passengers” of the ship.

1900: Anti-Semitic riots broke out at Komarczyn.

1901(30th of Sivan, 5661): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1901: Birthdate of Miklós Nyiszli the Jewish doctor who survived Auschwitz.

1902: Birthdate of Samuel E. Feinberg, the native of New York who gained fame as songwriter Sammy Fain who collaborated with Irving Kahal until the latter’s death in 1942.

1903(22nd of Sivan, 5663: Sixty-five year old Salomon Mosse the son of Dr. Marcus Mosse and Ulrike Mosse passed away today.

1903: Herzl writes to Lord Rothschild that there is a chance to get a good piece of land from the Sultan

1904: In Chicago, Lilla Louise Smith and Charles Rexford Bellamy gave birth to award winning actor in Ralph Bellamy who in 1943 starred in Ben Hecht’s pageant “We Will Never Die” which had been created by Billy Rose and Ernst Lubitsch as a response to the world's (and America's) silence in the face of the Holocaust, as well as their growing frustration with American policy and their contempt for Hollywood's “fear of offending its European markets,”

1905: Fire destroyed 130 houses in Constantinople inhabited by Jews. 400 families rendered homeless.

1908: In Frankfurt, Germany, Jacob and Celestine (Mullings) Weiss gave birth to Trude Weiss-Rosmarin who became a major commentator on the nature of American Jewish life.

1909: One day after he passed away, Leah Gorfunkle, the daughter of Polish native Samuel Gorfunkle, was buried today at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery” in Northern Island.

1910: In Dresden, “Siegfried Goldschmidt, a banker from Frankfurt, and Vally Goldschmidt Peiser, teacher from Breslau gave birth to Swiss musicologist Harry Goldschmidt.

1910: It was reported today that 30 Jewish pharmacists and assistants had been ordered to leave Rostoff-on-Don.

1912:: The survivors of the Titanic, including Edith Russell were nearing New York aboard the Carpathia which they had boarded on or about April 16.

1913: Dr. William Armhold, the Rabbi Emeritus of Keneseth Israel in Philadelphia celebrated his 84th birthday today with friends and family in Atlantic City, NJ.

1914: Birthdate of author John Hersey. Hersey was not Jewish. In fact he was born in China, the son of missionaries. Jews should remember as the author of The Wall, which was a gripping account of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and the events that led up to it. What makes this book even more of a standout was that Hersey wrote it in 1950 long before the Holocaust genre became an acceptable literary topic and motif for Jewish authors, let alone non-Jewish authors. Hersey passed away in 1993 after a long and distinguished career.

1914: Jane Marian Joseph, the daughter of George Solomon Joseph, a Jewish solicitor and his wife Henriette Franklin Joseph “participated in a performance of Berlioz's La damnation de Faust that was praised in today’s edition of the Cambridge Review.

1915: Birthdate of Dr. Bernard Lander, the Orthodox rabbi who was one of the founders of, and first president of Touro College

1915: Governor Slaton is “giving deliberate study to every detail of the appeal of Leo M. Frank for commutation” of his death sentence “at his country home on Peachtree Road where he has the trial evidence and other data presented by the State and the defense.”

1915: During World War I, Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch, Rabbi J. Leonard Levy, Jacob Schiff, Isaac Seligman and Oscar Straus are among those who have been invited to attend a conference today at Philadelphia’s Independence Hall whih will “consider the adoption of proposals for a League of Peace and to decide upon steps to be taken for obtaining the support of public opinion and of Governments.”

1915: “Outsiders Corroborated by Georgians” published today


1915: The disclaimer by Thomas Hardwick, the United States from Georgia, that he had written a letter to Governor Slaton urging clemency for Leo Frank, was published today along with his explanation “that his reason for making this denial was that he wanted it known that he had not expressed himself” one way or the other “regarding the Frank case.”

1916: Rabbi Joseph Rosenblatt, the cantor at “Ohab Zedek Synagogue sang the funeral hymns’ at Carnegie Hall tonight where “more than 2,500 Jews paid honor to the memory of Sholem Aleichem during an “evening mourning” marking the passing of “the man who perhaps did more than any other to life the burdens and make light the hearts of Jews.”

1916: Funds were not collected today at mass meetings on what had been designated as “Zionist Fund Day” because it would conflict with the upcoming convention of the Federal of American Zionists in Philadelphia.

1917:  In Great Britain, as the conflict between Zionists and anti-Zionist heated-up the Board of Deputes condemned the letter that David Lindo Alexander had sent to The Times of London specifying “grave objections” to the Zionist agenda. The vote of censure forced Alexander resign his Presidency of the Board of Deputies.

1917: In Nevada, Jewish community leaders met and formed a committee to raise funds for the construction of Reno's first Synagogue.

1917: This afternoon in New York, Borough President Marcus M. Marks is scheduled to deliver the principal address “when the cornerstone of the new synagogue of Congregation B’nai Jeshurun” of which he has been a member since he was a “youth” will be formally dedicated.

1918: It was reported today that “ant-Semitic agitation has increased in Poland” as can be seen by the “placards that have been posted all over Lodz and Warsaw signed by the ‘Army of Liberation’ urging Polest to begin anti-Jewish massacres.”

1918: In White Plains, NY, publisher Alfred A. Knopf, Sr and Blanche Wolf gave birth to Alfred A. Knopf, Jr. “one of the founders of Atheneum Publishers.

1918: “Kosher Food At Upton” published today described the plan of the Jewish Welfare Board to erect “hostess house to provide Kosher food for the Orthodox Jews who are training at Camp Upton, the U.S. Army base that is home to the largest contingent of Jewish soldiers in the United States.

1920: Birthdate of Jacob H. Gilbert the graduate of St. John’s College whose career of public service was capped by serving the U.S. House of Representatives from 1960 to 1971.

1920: Birthdate of Dr. Dr. François Jacob the native of Nancy whose combat wounds sustained while fighting in WW II “forced him to change his career paths from surgeon to scientist, a pursuit that led to a  Nobel Prize in 1965 for his role in discovering how genes are regulated.” (As reported by William Yardley)

1921: It was reported today that “Winston Churchill, British Secretary of State for the Colonies” re-affirmed in a speech in the House of Commons “the determination of his Government to make an ‘honest, just, patient and decisive attempt’ to fulfill the responsibility assumed by the British government in connection with the establishment of the Jewish National Home in Palestine.”

1922: Anna Rachel (Berman) Asimov and Judah Asimov gave birth to Marcia Asimov, the younger sister of author Isaac Asimov.

1922: In Pittsburgh, PA, Esther and Hiram Harris Feldman gave birth to Joshua Itzhak Feldman who fame composer and musical director Jerry Fielding who was forced to change his in 1947 so he could get a job working for Jack Parr of which he later wrote, "They told me I was not going on with any name as Jewish as Feldman. I don't think there's any lessening of prejudice today. There's just more politeness about where and when it happens now. I think it's going to be the downfall of Homo sapiens."

1922(21st of Sivan, 5682): Sixty-three year old Flora Goldschmidt, the wife of Emil Schwarzschild who was  the son of Emanuel Schwarzschild and Rahel Fraenkel, passed away today in Frankfurt.

1923: Birthdate of Arnold Seymour “Bud” Relman the native of Queens, NY who pursued a medical career and served as the “longtime editor of the New England Journal of Medicine.” (As reported by Douglas Martin)

1923: Today, Rabbi David de Sola Pool conducted the funeral services for Albert Lucas, Secretary of the Union Orthodox Jewish Congregation of America, and Secretary of the Joint Distribution Committee “in the chapel of the Shearith Israel Congregation at Cypress Hills Cemetery.

1924: In Manhattan, “Hyman and Sadie Nadjari, Sephardic Jews who had immigrated from Greece” gave birth to WW II veteran and NYU trained attorney Maurice Hyman Nadjari ,the husband of Joan Boskey, who was best known for his role in fighting police department corruption in the 1970’s.  (As reported by Robert D. McFadden)

1925: Alexander Theodore Shulgin, who was known as Sasha to friends, was born in Berkeley, California today.

1930: Police Captain F.M. Scott was stabbed in Jaffa during a clash with an Arab crowd following the execution of three Arabs at Acre.

1930: During a recording session” today, “just after completing Chopin's E major Scherzo, pianist” Leopold Godowsky “suffered a severe stroke which left him partially paralyzed. Godowsky's remaining years were overshadowed by the event, leaving him deeply depressed.”

1933(23rd of Sivan, 5693): Parashat Sh’lach

1933: German Jews were shocked by news of the murder of Dr. Chaim Arlosoroff in Tel Aviv. During a recent trip to Berlin, Arlosoroff had outlined a plan for settling German Jews in Palestine; a plan that they feared would die with the Zionist leader.

1933: “The annual convention of the Council of Young Israel Organizations” which will be attended by “delegates from the United States, Canada, Great Britain, France and Poland” is scheduled to continue for a second day at “the Hotel Clarendon-Brunswick” in Asbury, NJ.

1934: Birthdate of Yitzchok Meyer Abramson, the native of Chicago who served as a rabbi in St. Louis, MO.

1934: A track and field under the auspicies of the Maccabi organization in New York City led by executive secretary Dave White is scheduled to take place today.

1935: Birthdate of Frederick Delano Newman who became an eccentric gadfly in the world of New York politics.

1936: Himmler was put in charge of the S.S. as Chief of the German Police. This vicious little man was the architect of evil, the person who actually ran the killing machine that was known as the Holocaust. Several of the SS officers on the Eastern Front held Himmler in contempt. It seems that on the one visit he made to watch the Killing Squads at work, he could not stand the sight and vomited. He was also stupid enough to believe at the end of the war that he could negotiate a separate peace with the Western Allies and get them to join the Nazis sans-Hitler in a war against the Soviets.

1936: As Arab violence intensified, The Palestine Post reported that Jacob Gerson, the lorry driver ambushed on the Kastel bends of the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv road, became the 32nd Jew to be killed by Arabs since April 19. Scores of Arab leaders and agitators were interned at Sarafand. The Yishuv launched a Relief and Consolidation Fund to assist all those who suffered through the disturbances. The government announced a new scheme for the opening and improving the Old City of Jaffa.

1936(27th of Sivan, 5696): “Dr Julius Brodnitz, attorney and President of the Central Union of Jews in German passed away” today in Berlin at the age of 68.  Born in Posen, Dr. Brodnitz came to Berlin in 1894 where he pursued a successful legal career and become a leader in Jewish communal affairs.  Although he had not originally been a Zionist, his views changed after the Nazis came to power.  He visited Palestine in April and was no longer opposed to Jewish immigration to Eretz Israel.

1936: Senator Royal Copeland, who spoke out against the Nazi regime as early as June, 1933, passed away today.

1936: Birthdate of Lumberton, NC merchant and Democrat political leader who served in the North Carolina General Assembly and as head the Governor’s Highway Safety Program under Governor Perdue.

1936: “Fifteen prominent business men, bankers, clergymen and lawyers met at the Metropolitan Club” tonight “and accepted the invitation of George Gordon Battle to launch the American League for Religious Liberty, an organization of Catholics, Protestants and Jews” of which Governor Herbert H. Lehman is one of the three co-chairmen.

1937: Borough President Samuel Levy “denounced dictators and bigots of the present day” today at the “sixth commencement exercises of Yeshiva College.

1937: Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in New York

1938: Royal S. Copeland who served as Republican Senator from Michigan and then as a Democratic Senator from New York passed away.  In the spring of 1933, Copeland spoke out against the abuse of the Jews by the Nazis on the floor of the U.S. Senate. In 1936, during the Arab Uprising, he was part of delegation of U.S. Senators who went to Palestine to get a first-hand view of what was going on and how the British were administering the mandate. Upon his return, he introduced a resolution on the floor of the Senate condemning the British attempts to unilaterally modify the mandate especially as it pertained to attempts to limit Jewish immigration and purchase of land.

1938(18th of Sivan, 5698): Eighty-three year old Friederike “Rika” Einstein, the youngest sibling of Hermann Einstein, the father of Albert Einstein passed away today.

1939: In Washington, D.C., “Stanley Irving Posner and Lillian (Kahn) Posner-Wallace” gave birth to Smith College graduate Elisabeth Posner Cohen, the President of the Posner-Wallace Foundation and mother of Suzanne and Rachel Cohen.

1939: A “capacity audience” filled Town Hall tonight to “celebrate the 80th anniversary of the birth of Sholem Aleichem when “the Jewish Cultural Society presented a memorial program” that included appearances by Michael Goldstein, David Opatoshu, playwright Peretz Hirshbein and “the Freiheit Choir directed by Max Helfman and Lillian Taiz.”

1939: After being denied access to Cuba and the United States, the German refugee ship St. Louis docks in Antwerp, Belgium. Belgium offers to take 214 passengers, the Netherlands 181, Britain 287, and France 224. Ultimately, the Nazis will murder most of the passengers except for those accepted by Great Britain.

1940: Portuguese diplomat Aristides de Sousa Mendes decided to follow his conscience and disobeyed Dicator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar’s strict orders not to issue any visas to “Jews.” His actions gave meaning to his explanation "I would rather stand with God against man, than with man against God."

1940: As the Nazis sweep through the Low Countries and France, Edmond Michelet distributed leaflets calling for a continuation of the war.  This was considered to be the first act of French Resistance during WW II coming one day before De Gaulle’s appeal to the French nation.

1940: In New Haven, CT, Rosalie (née Hirschfelder) and Gösta Åkerlöf gave birth to George Arthur Akerlof who won the 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences and who is married to Janet Yellen, head of the Fed.

1940: Today “Marshal Philippe Pétain issued orders to the French Army to cease fighting, signaling the capitulation of his country to the forces of the Third Reich” which would lead in very short to the Jews of France being “rounded up in the notorious ­rafles, sent first to prison camps within France and ultimately to the east” where they were murdered in the concentration camps. (As reported by Sara Paretsky)

1941: Reinhard Heydrich briefs Einsatzgruppen commanders on the implementation of the "Final Solution."

1941: French priests in the Lyon diocese publicly protest the Vichy government's anti-Jewish policies.

1941: The Japanese ocean liner Hikawa Maru whose passenger list included Zerach Warhaftig, a future signatory of Israel’s Declaration of Independence and his parents – Yerucham Warhaftig and Rivka Fainstein – docked at Vancouver, Canada and safety from the Holocaust thanks to the courage of the Japanese Vice-Consul in Kaunas, Lithuania, Chiune Sugihara who defied his government by issuing visas to Jewish refugees.

1942: Following the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, the Gestapo broke into the home of František Moravec, head of the Czech intelligence services and tortured the family until one of the children who had been shown the severed head of his mother broke down and gave them the information they were looking for.

1943: Sixty four of the remaining Jews in the German city of Wuerzburg were deported. 7 were sent to Theresienstadt and 57 were deported to Auschwitz

1943: In Brooklyn, Edna Manilow and Harold Pincus gave birth to Barry Alan Pincus known as singer/songwriter Barry Manilow.

1943(14th of Sivan, 5703): Sixty year old David Druck, the native of Latvia who came to the United States “during the First World War as a war correspondent” and remained as a “writer for the Jewish Morning Journal” and the author of “a number books in Yiddish and English.”

1944: In Budapest, SS General Veesenmayer notified Berlin that from April 29, 1944 until this date 340,000 Hungarian Jews had now been deported to the death camps. Among them was the family of Nobel Prize Winner Elie Wiesel.

1944: For the next seven days, the Jews of Budapest, Hungary, are confined to specially marked "Jewish buildings."

1945: “In the first official and comprehensive report on the post-war situation of Jews in four countries of southern Europe --Italy, Austria, Yugoslavia and Albania – the American Joint Distribution Committee’s chief of operations n that area, Reuben B. Resnik, said today their future on the whole was encouraging with Italy the brightest spot and Austria the darkest.”

1946: Birthdate of Barry Manilow. Born Barry Alan Pincus, in Brooklyn, he was the son of Edna Manilow and Harold Pincus. Apparently somebody thought his mother’s less ethnic name would lead to greater fame. No less an arbiter of pop culture than Rolling Stones named him "Showman of the Generation."

1946: Operaton Markolet, or Night of the Bridges, a Haganah operation meant to immobilize the transportation system by blowing up the bridges linking Palestine to the surrounding Arab states came to a successful close.

1946: Lehi attack the railway operations at Haifa.

1946: In an unusual turn of events Haganah completed attacks on railways and bridges in Eretz Israel.“Haganah united launched the most daring attack of their underground campaign by blowing up ten of the eleven bridges connecting Palestine with surrounding nations.”

1947: Al Langer opened Langer’s Deli in Los Angeles.  The MacArthur Park eatery would stand the test of time.  Tragically, Mr. Langer passed away at the age of 94, a week after his signature deli celebrated its 60th anniversary. 

1948: Despite sporadic outbreaks, the UN truce between Israel and its Arab attackers that went into effect on June 11 continued to hold today.

1949: George P. Alpert announced today the election of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt to the Board of Trustees of Brandeis University making her the first woman to serve on the board of the school “now completing its first academic year.”

1949: “Eleven Hungarian Jewish leaders, all identified with the Zionist movement” are scheduled to go on trial today “on charges of having promoted illegal mass emigration of Jews from Hungary.”

1950: According to reports published today, peace talks resumed this week between Israel and King Abdullah of Jordan.  The talks centered on creating a corridor that will give Jordan access to the Mediterranean possibly at Gaza which is held by Egypt.  The Egyptians might agree to the deal, according to these same reports, if the Jordanians and Israelis would take responsibility for the quarter of million refugees in Gaza whom the Egyptians are controlling with a military garrison.

1951: Central system of Israel's underground water supply was dedicated in Northern Negev. This was the start of a project dear to the heart of David Ben Gurion. He saw the Negev as vital to the growth of the new Jewish State. He was determined to bring water to this arid region and make the "Desert Bloom."

1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that only 40 per cent of the electorate voted in the Zionist Congress elections. In Tel Aviv Mapai scored 45, Herut 20, and Mapam 16 percent of the vote; the rest was divided among small parties. In Jerusalem Mapai scored 54, Herut 17, Hapoel Hamizrahi 16, Mapam 8 and Progressives 4 percent of the vote, the rest being divided among small parties.

1951: Left-wing labor leaders called a one-hour strike in Tel Aviv harbor today to block loading of a cargo of citrus juice concentrates which was a gift from the Republic of Korea, also known as South Korea which was engaged in a bitter war with communist North Korea.

1952: “A home for 75 girls donated by the Goodwin Welfare League of Brooklyn was dedicated this afternoon as part of the Children’s City build around the Ponievez Talmudic College at B’nai Brak, a suburb of Tel Aviv.

1953” Francis Covers the Big Town,” one of a series about a talking mule directed by Arthur Lubin and produced by Leonard Goldstein was released today in the United States.

1953: Supreme Court Justice William O Douglas issued an order staying the executions for convicted spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg which are scheduled for the next day.  The Rosenbergs were part of a plethora of Jews who were involved in both sides of this famous spy case.  However, the anti-Semites who sought to use the Rosenberg case as proof of Jewish perfidy never talked about he Jews who prosecuted the case of the Jewish judge who imposed the death sentence.

1956: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion names Golda Meir to replace Moshe Sharett as Foreign Minister.

1957: In Langley Park, MD, a suburb of Washington, DC, during Abraham Posin, the owner of kosher delicatessen on Georgia Avenue, “collapsed during the ribbon cutting” ceremony marking the opening of “a large modern supermarket” that the Washington Post called “the world’s largest retail kosher food enterprise.”

1958: Birthdate of Jonathan David Leibowitz who served as Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission during the Obama administration.

1960: Prime Minister Ben-Gurion is scheduled to leave France today for the Netherlands and Belgium.

1961(3rd of Tammuz, 5721): Actor Jeff Chandler passes away at the age of 40 due to complications from surgery.  Born Ira Grossel in Brooklyn, New York, handsome matinee idol gained his greatest fame and Oscar nomination playing the role of the Apache Chief Cochise in “Broken Arrow,” a western depicting attempts to establish a truce between the Indians and the white settlers on the Arizona Frontier. 

1962(15th of Sivan, 5722): Seventy-eight year old Brooklyn native Grace Baer Bachrach, the school teacher and wife of attorney Clarence G. Bachrach with whom she had two children who was so active in various civic and cultural organizations including the “Brooklyn division of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies” that was honored as “Brooklyn’s First Lady of Philanthropy in 1956 passed away today.

1963: The United States Supreme Court rule 7 to 2 in Sherbert v Werner that a an employee who refused to work on Saturday because it was the Sabbath and was terminated for that did not lose the right to collect unemployment benefits.  As is often the case, the sabbatarian was not Jewish. In this case she was a Seven Day Adventist.

1963: The United States Supreme Court ruled 8 to 1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against allowing the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord's Prayer in public schools.  As is so often the case in litigation involving separation of church and state,, the plaintiffs were not Jewish.  In this case they were Unitarians.  The opinions of the Justices clearly state the importance of religion in America, but they also are quite clear that it does not belong in public venues such as schools.

1966: “Cul-de-sac” a “crime-thriller” directed and written by Roman Polanski and co-starring Lionel Stander was released in London today.

1967: Moshe Dayan ordered the responsibility for the Haram, which had been under Israeli military control for a week, to be restored to the Muslims.  He also insisted that all Muslims, whether living in Israel or the West Bank be allowed to pray at the Haram.

1967: Barbra Streisand performed “A Happening in Central Park.”

1968(21st of Sivan, 5728): Sir Andrew Benjamin Cohen KCMG KCVO OBE, who served as Governor of Uganda from 1952 to 1957 passed away. Born in 1909, Sir Andrew was “a descendant of Levi Barent Cohen, the founder of the oldest Ashkenazi family in Britain.”

1969(1st of Tammuz, 5729): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1969(1st of Tammuz, 5729): One American was killed today during a shelling attack on Kalya, a settlement “on the northern shore of the Dead Sea.”

1969: “Arthur Rubinstein – The Love of Life” (FL'Amour de la vie – Artur Rubinstein)  a 1969 documentary about pianist, Arthur Rubinstein which won the 1969 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature was released to movie theatres today.

1970(13th of Sivan, 5730): Seventy-eight year old Herbert Brutus Ehrmann, the Louisville, KY born son of “Hilmar ‘Hillel’ Ehrmann and Erna Ehrmann” and Harvard trained attorney best known for his role in the defense of Sacco and Vanzettia who raised two sons Rabbi H. Bruce Ehrmann  and Dr. Robert L. Ehrmann with “his wife, the former Sara Rosenfeld” passed away today.

1970: Birthdate of actor Michael Showalter.

1970: “The Anderson Tapes,” a sophisticated crime film directed by Sidney Lumet co-starring Dyan Cannon (Samille Diane Friesen), Martin Balsam and Alan King was released today in the United States.

1971(24th of Sivan, 5731): Sixty-seven year old Viennese born American composer Walter Jurmann passed away today.

1972: In Washington, DC, five men were arrested at the Watergate complex marking the start of the Watergate Scandal which would end the Presidency of Richard M. Nixon.  None of the principles in the burglary or the cover-up were Jewish.  According to some Henry Kissinger played a role in the creation of the Plumbers when he complained about the leaks to the press that were hampering his diplomatic negotiations.  In 1973, during the Yom Kippur, there were those who wondered if the politically wounded Nixon would come to the aide of the Israelis.  He did and the decision had no impact on what was going on in Washington.

1973: On Sunday at the Hillel House in Iowa City Dr. Ron Reider married Sue Reider.

1973: A “car parked near the El Al office in Rome exploded” injuring 2 Arabs who were arrested and then freed without ever standing trial.

1973: U.S. premiere of “Blume in Love,” directed, produced and written by Paul Mazursky starring George Segal and Shelly Winters.

1974: “Songwriter Alexander Galich was granted an exit visa” that would only be valid until June 25th.

1974: Four days after she had passed away, ninety-two year old Gertrude Kaplan, the “daughter of Abraham and Anna (Hinde) Shemerinsky” and the wife of Jacob Kaplan with whom she had had five children was buried today in Forest Park, Illinois.

1975: Soviet authorities interrogated Ida Nudel about documents “relating to Prisoners of Zion.”

1975: Five days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to held this afternoon for “seventy four year old Arthur Kober, the husband of Lillian Hellman who gained his own measure of fame as a screenwriter and author whose works appeared in The New Yorker.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that the US Ambassador to Lebanon Francis Meloy, his Economic Counselor Robert Waving and their Lebanese driver were kidnapped and later found murdered in a Muslim area of Beirut.

1976:  “Silent Movie,” “a satirical comedy film co-written, directed by, and starring Mel Brooks” with a cast that included Marty Feldman, Sid Caesar, James Caan, Marcel Marceau and Paul Newman was released in the United States today.

1976: “Harry and Walter Go to New York,” a comedy directed by Mark Rydell, starring James Caan, Elliot Gould and Lesley Ann Warren with a script co-authored by Robert Kaufman and music by David Shire was released in the United States today.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that King Hussein of Jordan, on the eve of his visit to the Soviet Union, said that he was ready to purchase Russian missiles even if it angered the U.S.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that the citizens of Tel Aviv were promised a complete restoration of their beach-front promenade to its former glory.

1977: U.S. premier of “The Deep” the film version of the book with same name produced by Peter Gruber, the son of a Somerville, MA “junkman.”

1980(3rd of Tammuz, 5740): Sixty-five year old George Pinkowitz, the Bayonne, NJ born son of Benjamin and Mollie Finkelstein Pinkowitz, the World War II veteran who supplemented his income as a teacher by working as a pharmacist after having married Cecelia Glick Pinkowitz, passed away today after which he was buried at the Beth Israel Memorial Park in Woodbridge, NJ.

1981(15th of Sivan, 5741): Sixty-five year old Yitzhak Zuckerman, the leader of the ZOB  who survived the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, founded two kibbutzim with his wife Ziva and other survivors and testified at the trial of Adolf Eichmann passed away. (Please read the items below.  There is no way for me to do justice to this man)

1982: “Nazeyh Mayer, a leading figure in the PLO's Rome office, was shot dead outside his home”

1982: “Kamal Husain, deputy director of the PLO office in Rome, was killed by a shrapnel bomb placed under the back seat of his car as he drove home, less than seven hours after he had visited the home of Nazeyh Mayer.”

1984: In “God the Implausible Kinsman,” Arthur A. Cohen reviewed Responses to Catastrophe in Modern Jewish Culture by David G. Roskies

1987: In Tel Aviv, a program created by Sara Levi-Tanay is scheduled to open at the Inbal Yemenite Dance Theatre where she is the choreographer.

1988: U.S. premiere of “The Great Outdoors” a comedy directed by Howard Deutch with music by Thomas Newman the son of composer Alfred Newman.

1994: U.S. premiere of “Getting even with Dad” a comedy directed by Howard Deutch

1996(30th of Sivan, 5756): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1996(30th of Sivan, 5756): Thomas Samuel Kuhn, who wrote and taught about the history and philosophy science, passed away.  A Guggenheim Fellow, Kuhn won the George Stanton Medal for his work in the history of science.

2000: “Secretary General Kofi Annan today certified Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon, opening the way to a more robust United Nations peacekeeping presence along Lebanon's often troubled border with Israel.” (As reported by Christopher Wren)

2001:” The United Nations secretary general, Kofi Annan, today urged Israelis and Palestinians to take advantage of a crucial moment to move toward resuming peace talks in the violence-plagued region.” (As reported by Douglas Frantz)

2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Does American Need A Foreign Policy? by Henry Kissinger and Borrowed Tides by Paul Levinson.

2002: “Prime Minister Ariel Sharon today rejected the idea of a provisional Palestinian state, which President Bush is said to be considering as part of a plan he is expected to announce this week in hopes of reviving peace talks.” (As reported by John Kifner)

2003(17th of Sivan, 5763): Noam Leibowitz, 7, of Yemin Orde was killed and three members of her family wounded in a shooting attack near the Kibbutz Eyal junction on the Trans-Israel Highway. The terrorist fired from the outskirts of the West Bank city of Kalkilya. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command claimed responsibility for the attack.

2004: “Dissent Greets Isaac Bashevis Singer Centennial” published today described the one-woman battle of Inna Grade, the widow of Yiddish Chaim Grade to set the record straight when it comes to Isaac Bashevis Singer, “the only Yiddish author to win a Nobel Prize in Literature.” (As reported by Alana Newhouse)

2005: Professor Esther “E.M.”Broner’s musical Higginson: An American Life,” was performed for the first time by the Michigan Opera Theatre

2005: “Wordplay,” an exhibition assembled by curator Tamar Cohen opened at the Julie Saul Gallery today.

2005:  Jean Perron, coach of the Israeli Men’s Hockey Team, and other Israeli hockey officials ran a one day tryout camp in Mississauga, Ontario for the senior and junior players.  Almost forty North American players, mostly from Canada, who had some kind of tie to Israel, took part in the tryouts.

2005: Ken Feinberg, the man who served asSpecial Master of the U.S. government's September 11th Victim Compensation Fund and …the Special Master for TARP Executive Compensation,”  “was honored by his hometown of Brockton by having a road named after him: Attorney Ken Feinberg Way.”

2006:  The Israeli national soccer team may not have made it to the World Cup Finals, but the Israeli flag did. John Pantsil, a Ghana defender who plays professionally for Hapoel Tel Aviv, pulled a blue-and-white flag out from his sock following both of his team's goals against the Czech Republic as the "Black Stars" pulled off the tournament's most significant upset.

2006 Daniel Barenboim left his position of music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra today.

2007: Prime Minister Ehud Olmert is scheduled to meet United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in New York today

2007(1st of Tammuz, 5767): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

2007: The Sunday New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers The Gravedigger’s Daughter by Joyce Carol Oates whose main character is Rebecca Schwartz the daughter of Jacob and Anna Schwartz, German-Jewish refugees from Hitler’s Germany and Volume One of A Young People’s History of the United Sates: Columbus to the Spanish-American War by Howard Zinn.

2007: The Washington Post features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including 15 Stars: Eisenhower, MacArthur, Marshall by Stanley Weintraub, a book that examines three of the generals who played key roles in the winning of World War II.

2007: The Jerusalem Post reported that “aid embargo on the Palestinian Authority is set to be lifted.”

2008: Ryan Braun drove in his 152nd career RBI, in his 182nd game

2008: Ifar “Eef” Barzelay”s “second solo album, Lose Big, was released today.”

2008: The Jerusalem Post reported that “more US Jews today are "uncoupled" in two senses of the term -unmarried and unconnected to organized Jewry - according to the latest study by researchers Steven Cohen and Ari Kelman, who call this data "disturbing," though not for the reasons one might expect. In 1990, 33 percent of non-Orthodox Jews aged 25-39 were single. By 2000-01, the number had grown to 50%. In fact "never in Jewish demographic history have we seen so many young adults unmarried, or 'uncoupled,'" the study says. That in itself is not surprising, because Americans as a whole are getting married much later. The good news is that single Jews are as interested as ever in connecting Jewishly. The bad news is that they shy away from available Jewish institutions in part because synagogues, Jewish community centers and federations "remain geared to the conventional family unit," the study claims. As many as 67 percent of non-Orthodox singles say they are "proud to be a Jew," slightly surpassing the 66% of in-married (Jews married to Jews) who agree. Given the high level of Jewish interest and low rate of communal and ritual involvement among young adult, single Jews, this uncoupled population represents the "greatest opportunity and the greatest risk" of Judaism in the United States, the study claims. "Single Jews are akin to 'swing voters'- they can go either way," the two sociologists suggest. "How they 'vote,' how they make Jewish (or non-Jewish) choices, will determine the future of Jews, Judaism and Jewishness in the United States." Important to note is that single Jews practice religion in lower numbers than in-married Jewish couples: Just 19% of singles belong to synagogues as opposed to 51% of the in-married, and only one-third of singles are "somewhat attached" to synagogues. A total of 20% of singles visit Jewish community centers, as opposed to 44% of in-married; 15% of singles contribute to UJA/Federation campaigns compared to 32% of in-married; and 8% of singles volunteer with a Jewish organization compared to 28% of in-married. On the surface, the unmarried appear "fairly distant" from Jewish life, the study suggests. But other markers point to single Jews still being connected. Of single Jews aged 25-39, 42% claim that half or more of their friends are Jewish, and of those making that claim, 51% said they talk to their friends about "Jewish matters." They read Jewish-oriented books in higher numbers than the in-married, are more eager to learn more Jewishly, and more regularly read Jewish blogs. When it comes to Israel, 79% agreed that "Caring about Israel is a very important part of my being a Jew," compared to 83% of the in-married. And 67% of singles said they feel "proud" of Israel, compared to 62% of in-married. The challenge facing Jewish leaders today was to find ways to foster and build opportunities for engagement that speak to this population of Jews in America, the study urges. Given the new demographic reality, Jewish organizations such as synagogues and JCCs that cater primarily to families would not be able to draw younger Jews, the study warns. Instead, Cohen and Kelman urge leaders to focus on creating and supporting organizations created by and for this younger demographic.

2008: The New York Times reported that Michael R. Bloomberg, NYC’s Jewish mayor, remains as popular as ever despite “an overall sense the city headed down the wrong path according to the newspaper’s latest polling data.

2009: At the DCJCC, Nextbook DC presents an evening with Lucette Lagnado author of “The Man in the White Sharkskin Suit: A Jewish Family's Exodus from Old Cairo to the New World.” Leon Lagnado was a successful Jewish Egyptian businessman, making deals and trades around Cairo dressed in his signature white sharkskin suit. After the rise of the Nasser dictatorship, the Lagnado family lost everything and was forced to trade their life of luxury in Cairo for one of hardship, entering any country that would have them. A vivid, heartbreaking and powerful inversion of the American dream, her unforgettable memoir is a sweeping story of family, faith, tradition, tragedy and triumph set against the stunning backdrops of Cairo, Paris and New York. Lucette Lagnado is an award-winning investigative reporter for The Wall Street Journal and received the Sami Rohr Prize for Jewish Literature.

2009: The Montreal International Yiddish Theater Festival opens at the Segal Centre for the Performing Arts.

2009: The Museum of History of Polish Jews launched a bilingual Polish-English website called the Museum of the History of Polish Jews "Virtual Shtetl", listing 1,240 towns with maps, statistics and picture galleries.[5] The new portal intends to collect and provide essential information about Jewish life in Poland prior to Second World War and the Holocaust in Poland.

2010: The Biennial Scholars' Conference on American Jewish History is scheduled to come to an end.

2010: In Cedar Rapids, IA, Temple Judah is scheduled to hold its Annual Congregational Meeting.

2010: The Museum of History of Polish Jews launched a bilingual Polish-English website called the Museum of the History of Polish Jews "Virtual Shtetl", listing 1,240 towns with maps, statistics and picture galleries.

2010: After a day which brought weeks of tensions between Israel’s ultra-Orthodox community and the state to a climax, 35 fathers of students at the Emmanuel Beit Ya’acov girls school began two-week jail terms for contempt of court over discriminatory practices at the school, and their hassidic community hailed them as heroes for “choosing Torah” over the secular court system. Over 100,000 haredim in Jerusalem and Bnei Brak had gathered under the glaring sun earlier today in a powerful show of support for the Emmanuel parents, and to voice their protest over what they perceived as the High Court’s intervention in their educational values and show of disrespect for their rabbis.

2011: In New York, Sotheby’s is scheduled to auction Marc Chagall’s sketchbook.

2011: An exhibition entitled “In the Footsteps of My Grandparents, A Photographic View of Israel” by Talya Arbisser is scheduled to come to a close at the Deutser Art Gallery

2011: Defense Minister Ehud Barak thinks there is a 50-50 chance that Israel and the Palestinians will return to the negotiating table before September but that Israel cannot stop settlement construction, he told France 24 in an interview today. "I hope that it's at least 50-50, probably more than 50-50," the defense minister answered when asked what chances are that peace talks will resume between Israel and the Palestinian Authority before Palestinians plan to ask the UN for recognition of statehood in September.

2011(15th of Sivan, 5771): Ninety-six year old Austrian born Holocaust escapee Katherine Bachrach who along with her husband, fellow Holocaust survivor Harry Bachrrach, founded a textile firm, Harry Bachrach, Inc. passed away today

2011: A Holocaust exhibit has disappeared from a subway station in Romania for the second time in a week, its creators said today. Austrian journalist Emil Rennert and Israeli photographer Shani Bar-On said 12 out of 24 panels depicting Romania’s Jewish heritage and the Holocaust were missing from the Piata Unirii Station in Bucharest. The incident came several days after all 24 panels of the original exhibit were taken down from the station on Sunday, less than 24 hours after they were put up. The Romanian embassy in Israel said in response to the first incident that cleaners had accidently removed the exhibit and that it was not an act of anti-Semitism. Meanwhile, Bar-On and Rennert hung a reprint of their exhibition at Priata Unirii on Wednesday. By today, half of the new panels were missing, Bar On and Rennert said. The spokeswoman of the Romanian embassy in Israel said she would investigate the incident. The Israeli embassy was closed today because of the Jewish Sabbath.

2012: “I Shot My Love” is scheduled to shown at the London Israeli Film & Television Festival.

2012: The Los Angeles Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Guy Delisle's Jerusalem: Chronicles from the Holy City

2012: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including End This Depression Now! by Paul Krugman

2012(27th of Sivan, 5772): Eighty-two year old “Anthony Schulte, a publishing executive who was an early proponent of audiobooks” passed away today. (As reported by Paul Vitello)

2012: “Ours to Fight For: American Jews in the Second World” an exhibition that explores and celebrates the achievements of Jewish men and women who were part of the American war effort on and off of the battlefield is scheduled to have its final showing at the Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center

2012: The IDF is concerned that rocket fire will increase from the Sinai Peninsula and into Israel over the coming days as Egyptian presidential elections come to a close.A senior defense official said today that Israel had not yet confirmed the identity of the terror cell which launched two rockets into southern Israel on Friday night - one near Uvda and the other near Mitzpe Ramon

2012: The government approved the establishment of a ministerial committee headed by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu this morning to deal with issues relating to settlement construction. Defense Minister Ehud Barak, who gives the final say on all matters relating to settlement construction, voted against the decision, despite the fact that the wording of the decision clearly stated that his authority would not be affected. Vice Prime Minister Shaul Mofaz also voted against the decision, along with several other ministers.

2013: Dr. Nathan Shields is scheduled to begin teaching “Schoenberg: Music, God, and Catastrophe in Fin-de-siècle Vienna” which will examine the remarkable cultural ferment of fin-de-siècle Vienna through the lens of one of its principal protagonists, the composer Arnold Schoenberg. 

2013: Today, Jessica “Meir was named as a candidate for astronaut training by NASA, becoming one of the eight members of NASA Astronaut Group 21”

2013: The Ir Yamim Mall in Netanya is scheduled to host a large employment fair dedicated to summer jobs for teenagers looking to work during their upcoming 10 weeks long summer vacation from school.

2013: Former President Bill Clinton is being paid $500,000 to address a dinner at the Peres Academic Center in Rehovot which will be attended by the President of Israel and several top governmental officials.

2013: “The Quebec government's anti-corruption unit, known as the Unité permanente anticorruption or simply UPAC, announced that” Saulie Zajdel who served as the director of the Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital had been arrested along with the city's interim mayor, Michael Applebaum. Zajdel himself was charged with five counts of fraud, corruption, breach of trust and payment of secret commissions, related to construction permits issued between 2006 and 2011 when he was a city councilor

2013: Barbra Streisand is scheduled to receive an honorary doctorate from The Hebrew University in Jerusalem

2013: A 16-year-old girl, Coral Vedder, who is suffering from a rare form of cancer, sang Barbara Streisand’s song “People” to the Jewish legend when the award winning singer met with a group of children today at the official Jerusalem residence of President Shimon Peres. (As reported by Tzvi Ben-Gedalyahu)

2013: U.S. entertainer Barbra Streisand today took a swipe at Orthodox Jews in Israel who compel women to sit in the back of buses and assault them for following religious rituals traditionally reserved for men while speaking at Hebrew University.

2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “Dear Mendl, Dear Reyzl: Yiddish Letter Manuals from Russia and America”

2014: Today, three retired Jewish egg farmers shared their experiences at the Jewish Heritage Museum of Monmouth County.

2014: “Wonders” and “The Lab” are scheduled to be shown at the JCC in Manhattan as part of the Israel Film Center Festival.

2014: The Pixies, a rock band that had canceled plans to play in Israel 4 years ago in protest over the country’s policies is scheduled to perform at the Bloomfield Stadium in Jaffa.

2014: In Cedar Rapids, a memorial service is held for Kevin Skinner of blessed memory at Temple Judah

2014: Balad MK Hannin Zoabi said today that the Palestinian kidnappers of three Israelis were “not terrorists” but “they are people who do not see any way of changing their situation and they have to resort to these measures until Israel sobers up a bit, until the citizens of Israel and the public sober up and relate to the suffering of others.” (As reported by Spence Ho)

2014: “New York’s Metropolitan Opera canceled its live transmissions of a controversial opera featuring the murder of a Jewish character by a Palestinian hijacker today, amid fears the screening would stir up global anti-Semitic sentiment.”

2014(19th of Sivan, 5774): Ninety-three year old Israeli diplomat Asher Ben-Natan who played a key role in the capture of Adolf Eichmann passed away today.

2014(19th of Sivan, 5774): Ninety-year old sociologist, psychotherapist and author Lillian B. Rubin passed away today in San Francisco. (As reported by Paul Vitello)

2014(19th of Sivan, 5774): Eighty-six year old NFL defenseman Lazarus "Larry, Rock" Zeidel who played on the Stanley Cup winning Detroit Red Wings in 1952 and finished his career with the Philadelphia Flyers passed away today.

2014: Michael Rosenbaum “was cast as the lead in the TV Land original sitcom Impastor.”

2014: “Police arrested three men today for threatening their relative, an Arab Israeli teen who, in a strikingly pro-Israel video posted online, wraps himself in an Israeli flag and expresses solidarity with three kidnapped Israeli youths. (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)


2015: The Center for Jewish History and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee is scheduled to present a lecture by Dr. Andrew J. Falk entitled “Shadow Diplomats: American Jewish Foreign Policy in the Era of World Wars” in which he will talk about “the work of global Jewish organizations in the mid-20th acentury.”

2015: “Kulturfest” is scheduled to host a walking tour that will a view of the world of Russian Jews in New York over the past century.

2015: In Philadelphia, the National Museum of American Jewish History is scheduled to host a screening the 1996 documentary “Richard Avedon: Darkness and Light.”

2015: The Chelsea Music Festival is scheduled to return to Leo Baeck Institute with a program of chamber music focused on Finland (to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the birth of Jean Sibelius) and Hungary

2016: After premiering at the El Capitan Theatre nine days ago, “Finding Dory” an animated film featuring the voices of Albert Brooks and Eugene Levy was released today in the United States.

2016: Today, “a terrorist was found with explosives in his bag at the light rail station on Yafo and King George Street in central Jerusalem.”

2016: Balkan Beat Box, which was “founded by Israeli-born ex-pats Ori Kaplan and Tamir Muskat” is scheduled appear a Irving Plaza in NYC.

2016: In Coralville, IA, Agudas Achim is scheduled to host a “Roast and Toast” for interim Rabbi Barry Diamond.

2016: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host the next its “Excellence of the Future Generation Series featuring Niya Guretskaya, Lior Lifshitz, Eden Agranat, Dani Dvorkin, Lihi Javits, Ido Zeev and Nabeel Haick

2016: “P.S. Jerusalem” is scheduled to be shown at the IFC Center.

2017(23rd of Sivan, 5777): Parashat Shela Lecha;

2017(23rd of Sivan, 5777): Ninety-nine year old Elias Burstein, the pioneer in the field of semi-conductors who never earned a Ph.D. passed away today. (As reported by Dylan Loeb McClain)

2017(23rd of Sivan, 5777): The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to celebrate “the last Shabbat of the year.)

2017: “An army ambulance called to the West Bank settlement of Yitzhar was stoned by area residents tonight, in an incident the military said crossed a “red line.” (As reported by Jacob Magid)

2017: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host a day of “Interactive Survivor Stories.”

2017: The Female Brain” co-starring Beanie Feldstein premiered today at the Los Angeles Film Festival.

2018: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Reporter: A Memoir by Seymour M. Hersh, You All Grow Up and Leave Me: A Memoir of Teenage Obsession by Piper Weiss and the recently released paperback edition of The Awkward Age by Francesca Segal.

2018(14th of Tammuz, 5778): Eighty-three year old Robert L. “Bob” Sill, a founding member of the Cleveland Chapter of American ORT who went on to serve as national president of American ORT and chairman of the board of World ORT, is remembered for his passion to educate young people around the world and as a mentor to many in the Cleveland community” passed away today.

2018: “Two Gaza-launched balloons carrying incendiary devices become entangled in branches in backyards of home in Beit HaGadi Moshav, while another three land in a tree in suburbs surrounding Sderot.” (As reported by Matan Tzuri, Yoav Zitun and Liad Osmo)

2018: Today “Shuva Malka, an 18-year-old high school student who was wounded in a terror stabbing attack in Afula last week, has expressed her gratitude to Israeli security forces and medical teams who helped save her life, and has called on the nation to pray for her.” (As reported by Ahiya Raved)

2018: In Atlanta, The Breman Museum is scheduled to host a free day for the exhibition “Chasing Dreams: Baseball and Becoming American” in honor of Father’s Day.

2018: The Center for Jewish History's Ackman and Ziff Family Genealogy Institute are scheduled to host a walking tour that will explore “East Village Lost Synagogues.”

2019: The American Sephardi Federation’s Institute of Jewish Experience in partnership with Association Mimouna is scheduled to host the opening night event of “Uncommon Commonalties,” a “three-day scholarly and cultural conference dedicated to exploring the uncommon commonalities shared by Moroccan Jews and Muslims.”

2019: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “93Queen” a film which tells “the story of Rachel "Ruchie" Freier, full-time lawyer running to be a Civil Court Judge and Hasidic mother of six, who is fighting for the creation of NYC's first ever all-female volunteer ambulance corps.”

2019: In Atlanta, GA, The Breman Museum is scheduled to host “Peek Behind the Curtain” with a theme of “Wild About Harry: Magic Inspired by Magical Harrys” as in Harry Houdini.

2019: It was reported today that Foreign Minister Israel Katz has said that “Israelis will attend a U.S.-led conference in Bahrain next week on proposals for the Palestinian economy as part of a coming peace plan.”

2020: The ASF Institute of Jewish Experience is scheduled to present “The Music of North Africa and the Musical Life in Devotional Texts” by ASF Broom & Allen Fellow, ethnomusicologist and multi-instrumentalist Dr. Samuel Torjman Thomas

2020: As part of the Songs of Our, Songs of Our Neighbors program, the National Museum of American Jewish History is scheduled to host a Livestream Conversation and Concert featuring Joe Weisenberg.

2020: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “Identity in the Throes of Crisis” with Irna Nevzlin, the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Museum of the Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot, Ethan Bronner, senior editor at Bloomberg News and Ambassador Dani Dayan, the Consul General of Israel.

2020: In place of its usual “formal event,” the Aleph Society is scheduled to “host and Ungala” were supporters of the society are urged to open a book and raise a glass in “L’chaim to Rabbi Steinsaltz.”

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