Thursday, February 20, 2020

This Day, February 21, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L


  February 21

362: Athanasius returns to Alexandria so he can lead the fight against various Christian heretics such as the Arians.  His negative views about the Jews were really part of his fight against Christian heretics. His “anti-Jewish rhetoric served to stigmatize Christians who resisted” the efforts of Athanasius “to reform the Alexandrian (local) practices of Lent and Easter along more international (catholic) lines.” For more on this view of his works and writings one should read “Jewish Flesh and Christian Spirit in Athanasius of Alexandria” by David Burke, Journal of Early Christian Studies - Volume 9, Number 4, Winter 2001, pp. 453-481

1513: The papacy of Julius II came to an end.  His greatest claim to fame was that he gave Michelangelo the paint brush for the Sistine Chapel.  Samuel Sarfatti, a Jewish physician, took care of the Pope’s health needs.  His papacy was a period of benign neglect for the Jews.  Julius was more interested in temporal pleasure than doctrine so he pretty much left the Jews alone; not a bad deal considering what other Popes did to the Jews.

1519: Upon the death of Maximillian, the Jewish community at Regensburg numbering approximately 800 souls, (one of the oldest in Germany,) was expelled. The synagogue was destroyed and a chapel, built in its place. About 5,000 gravestones were taken from the Jewish cemetery and used for building the Christian house of worship.

1520: Birthdate of Moses Isserles, the Ashkenazic rabbi from Cracow best known for writing HaMapah (The Table Cloth) a “gloss” on The Shulchan Aruch (Set Table) of Joseph Karo.  Karo relied primarily on Sephardic sources. Isserles used Ashkenazic sources to create a table cloth that would cover the set table thus making Caro’s work viable for the large number of Jews living in Northern and Eastern Europe.

1619(7th of Adar): Rabbi Ephraim Solomon ben Aaron of Luntshits, author of Keli Yakar passed away.

1629: Isaac Pallache, the Sephardic son of Joseph Pallache and nephew of Samuel Pallache “a Jewish-Moroccan merchant, diplomat and pirate who met stadholder Maurice of Nassau and the States-General in The Hague to negotiate an alliance of mutual assistance against Spain” registered as a student today at the University of Leiden.

1769(14th of Adar I, 5529): Purim Katan

1769: As Jews observed a minor festival, Benjamin Franklin wrote to Lord Kames acknowledging receipt of his “excellent paper on the preferable use of oxen in agriculture.

1665: Emperor Maximilian II granted permission to Christophe Plantin, whose work included the Plantin Polyglot Bible the first four volumes of which were the “Old Testament” which contained two columns with the Hebrew original and the Latin translation, to print Hebrew books in Antwerp

1677(19th Adar I, 5437): Philosopher Baruch de Spinoza passed away. His philosophy and his life are too complex for this simple summary page. I did not understand why he was banned from the Jewish community when I first read about him as a Religious School student.  His philosophy baffled me when I first read it at Tulane.  Since I do not fake it, I suggest you begin your quest at

 http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Spinoza.html. and go from there. Good luck.

1683: Birthdate of Johann Christoph Wolf, the “German Christian Hebraist” who created the 4 volume Biblotecha Hebrae published between 1715 and 1733 which among other things provided many Christians with their knowledge of the Talmud for more than 150 years.

1730: The papacy of Benedict XII came to an end. In 1727, he had issued Emanavit Numer that laid down the conditions under which Jews could be forcibly baptized. Two years later, he issued Alias Emanarunt that “forbade the selling of goods by Jews.”  (For more see The Inquisition: A History by Michael C. Thomsett)

1743: George Frederic Handel's oratorio, "Samson" premiered in London.  The musical was based on the figure depicted in the Book of Judges and is another example of how Jewish culture enriched the culture of the Western World.

1777(14th of Adar I, 5537): Purim Katan is observed for the last time with the Continental Congress meeting in Baltimore, where it has taken refuge due to the occupation in Philadelphia.

1810: David Davis married Elizabeth Benjamin at the Great Synagogue today.

1810: Birthdate of London native John Jonas, the son of Middlesex native Jacob Jonas and the husband of Sarah Ruben.

1816: One day after she had passed away, Polly Israel, the wife of Israel Israel and the mother of Henrietta and Harriet Israel was buried today in the UK.

1821: Birthdate of Elisabeth "Eliza, or Élisa" Rachel Félix better known only as Mademoiselle Rachel. She gained fame as an actress and as the mistress of the rich and famous including Napoleon III.

1832: Two days after he passed away, Philip Goodman, the father of Louis Goodman and the father-in-law of the former Julia Salamon was buried today in the UK.

1838(26th of Shevat, 5598): Fifty-nine year old French linguist Atntoine Isaac Silvestre de Sacy, the son of Abraham Silvestre, a Jewish notary, and the father of journalist  Ustazade Silvestre de Sacy passed away today in Paris.

1839: Birthdate of Vienna native and Austrian violinist Edouard Rappoldi, the husband of pianist Laura Kahrer who was a concert master in Rotterdam and a concert-master of the Dresden opera orchestra.

1841: In Rotterdam, Sara Wolf and Benjamin Phineas Moses Spiers gave birth to Lucas Moses Spiers.

1843: A committee of representatives, including eight from the Great Synagogue, met for the second time in two days under the chairmanship of Isaac Cohen in the Vestry room in Duke's Place

1848: Karl Marx published the Communist Manifesto.  Marx was not Jewish but his father was.  This fact has not stopped a myriad of anti-Semites including Adolph Hitler from equating Judaism with Communism.

1849: Due to the civil rights granted under the Frankfurt Constitution which into effect today in Hamburg, forty-two year old lawyer Gabriel Riesser, the grandson of Rabbi Jakob Pinchas Katzenellenbogen and Rabbi Raphael Cohen was able to become a citizen of Hamburg where he was elected to the city’s parliament in 1859.

1851: In Aldgate, London, Isaac and Leah Isaacs gave birth to Barnet Isaacs who gained fame as diamond and gold mining entrepreneur Barney Barnato who claimed that his birthdate was July 5, the same as contemporary Cecil Rhodes.

1852: 1st of Adar, 5612): Rosh Chodesh Adar

1852: Pope Pius IX wrote to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, “insisting that he revoke the right of the Jews to live outside of the Ghetto.”

1852: In Baltimore, MD, Israel Cohen the son of Benjamin and Kitty Cohen and his wife Cecilia Eliza Cohen gave birth to Benjamin Isaac Cohen.

1852: Austen Henry Layard, the archeologist who excavated Nimrud and Niniveh as described in Discoveries at Nineveh completed his service as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

1856: A blood libel case occurred in Constantinople, with Jews being targeted with violence from Greeks, Armenians, and Turks. This occurred only three days after the Ottoman "reforms" which were to bring equality.

1860: In Esztergom, Hungary, Rosalie Wiess and Phillip Schwartz, a captain in the Hungarian Army gave birth to Julius Schwartz, the husband of Annette Hirschman, who served as a Lt. of Artillery in the Hungarian Army until 1880, and came to the United States where he served as Richmond County (NY_ Park Commission, worked as manager for the Equitable Life Insurance Society for Staten Island and President of the Staten Island Hebrew Benevolent Society and Free Loan Fund.

1860: An Imperial decree issued today granted the Jews of Lower Austria, Moravia, Silesia, Hungary, Voywodina, and the Banat, Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia, and the Littoral Districts, the right of possessing real property. They cannot, however, exercise the rights of patronage, jurisdiction, or scholastic representation, attached to such possession.

1860: Uriah P. Levy was appointed Commodore and given command of the U.S. Navy’s Eastern Mediterranean fleet. A Jewish officer in the Navy at this time was rather unusual.  Levy dealt with his share of anti-Semitism during his career including a court-martial at the end of which he was fully exonerated. Levy waged a successful fight to end flogging as a form of punishment in the Navy.  He was an ardent admirer of Thomas Jefferson.  After Jefferson’s death, Levy bought Monticello and restored it to its former luster.  The restoration included reclaiming Jefferson’s library which numbered about 2500 volumes.  When Levy passed away in 1862, he left the estate to the people of the United States.  Levy was proud of his Jewish heritage.  He served as the first president of Washington Hebrew Congregation which is still one of the dominant Reform congregations in Washington, D.C. Forty-three years after President Monroe had made Levy a lieutenant, President Buchanan gave him command of the Mediterranean Squadron. With command came the Navy's highest rank: Commodore. The American fleet and frigates from Russia and Sardinia boomed out a thirteen-gun salute in the harbor at La Spezia as the pennant bearing a single star ran up the main mast of his flagship, USS Macedonian.

1861(11th of Adar, 5621): Ta’anit Esther

1861(11th of Adar, 5621): Hayyim Nissim Abulafia, a descendant of Hayyim Abulafia who “had come to Tiberias in the middle of the 18th century” who had served as chief rabbi of Jerusalem since the fall of 1854 following the death of Isaac Kobo, passed away today.

1863: The Illustrated London News published an article on the new Bayswater Synagogue for which the foundation stone had been laid in July of 1862 and which would be dedicated in July of 1863.

1863: Seventy-one year old Enrico Marconi, the non-Jewish Italian architect who designed the Great Synagogue in Lomza, Poland which “was built on the initiative of Rabbi Eliezer-Simcha Rabinowicz “and destroyed by the Nazis passed away today.

1864: In London Esther (nee Davis) and businessman William Miller gave birth to Leonard Miller, the solicitor turned author who legally changed his name to Leonard Merrick and whose works included Violet Moses “about a Jewish Financier and his troubled wife” which was a “satire of middle class London Jewry.”

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/sep/10/leonard-merrick-unloved-female-detective

https://books.google.com/books?id=jhcDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA478#v=onepage&q&f=false

1865: Cécile Anspach and Baron Gustave de Rothschild gave birth to Aline Caroline de Rothschild who became Lady Sassoon when he married Edward Sassoon in 1887. She passed away in 1909 having given birth to two children – Philip Albert Gustave David and Sybil Rachel Bettie Cecile.

1866: At Rotterdam Johanna Hijmans became Johanna Kann when she married 26 year old Maurice Kann.

1867: Ion Ghica who “was a valuable ally for Yiddish theater in Bucharest” and “on several occasions expressed his favorable view of the quality of acting, and even more of the technical aspects of the Yiddish theater” completed his second tour as Prime Minister of Romania today.

1867: Birthdate of banker and patron of the arts Otto Hermann Kahn. While his name is unknown today, in his time Otto Kahn was a major financial and cultural figure in the United States and Europe.   Kahn began his banking career in Germany.  But he reached greatness after moving to the United States in 1893 where he became a partner in the banking firm of Kuhn, Loeb and Company.  Described as Wall Street Wizard, he helped “reorganize the U.S. railroad system, finance the Allied effort in World War I and encourage banking reform after the 1929 stock market crash.”   He organized and bankrolled the Metropolitan Opera Company.  He also supported a whole slew of artists many of whom were unknown and struggling at the time. Among the many recipients of his support were Hart Crane, George Gershwin, Arturo Toscanni, Eugene O’ Neil, Paul Robeson, Isadora Duncan and Ezra Pound.  The eclectic Kahn was also a favorite of the inventor Thomas A. Edison who kept a picture of the banker-philanthropist on the wall of his New Jersey Home.  Kahn accomplished this and a lot more despite anti-Semitism and anti-German feelings in the United States.  He passed away in 1934. Here is something to think about.  If a man with a resume like Kahn can be so quickly forgotten, how many of today’s “important people” will be remembered fifty years from now?

1873: Two days after she had passed away, 36 year old Sarah Solomon, the daughter of Joseph and Susan Lyon, the daughter of Joseph and Susan Lyon and the wife of Solomon Lazarus Solomon with she had had nine children was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

1874:  Benjamin Disraeli replaced William Gladstone as Prime Minister.  Disraeli was born Jewish, but his father had him baptized.  The conversion came over a dispute that the elder Disraeli had with the local synagogue.  Since he was not Jewish, Disraeli was not limited by English law in pursuing his political career.  At the same time, he was the target of anti-Semitic barbs and he was quite proud of his Jewish heritage.

1874: Ferdinand and Jeannette Levy Falk gave birth to New Orleanean Arnold Falk, the brother of Gustave, Myron and Gertrude Falk.

1875: According to “Poland Today” described conditions in the present day Russian province which has shrunk from 282,000 square miles to 48,863 square miles under the rule of the Czars.  While the majority of the population is Roman Catholic, “the money in Poland is chiefly in the hands of the Jews.”

1877: The 200th anniversary of the death of the great Dutch Jewish philosopher on the secular calendar was marked by the publishing of “Baruch Spinoza.”

1878: Hyman and Henrietta Braun Fineshirber gave birth University of Cincinnati graduate and HUC ordained Rabbi William Howard Fineshriber, Sr. the husband of Mae Cecile Wallerstein Fineshriber and the father of Bertha, Jacob and Aaron Fineshirber who served congregations in Davenport, IA, Memphis, TN and Philadelphia PA while also being a member of the American Council of Judaism and the Red Cross.

https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fineshriber-william-howard

http://collections.americanjewisharchives.org/ms/ms0144/ms0144.html

1879: "The Reformer and Jewish Times; A Journal of Progress in Religion, Literature, Science, and Art" published its final edition today.  It first appeared in 1869 as “The Jewish Times: A Journal of Reform and Progress.”

1880: According to “The Elder Disraeli’s Tomb” published today, the tomb of Benjamin Disraeli, the grandfather of the Prime Minister which is located at the Spanish and Portuguese Cemetery in the Mile-end-road has been repaired.  The need to recut and repaint the tombstone should come as no surprise since the elder Disraeli was buried in 1816. No repairs have been made on the tombstone of the Prime Minister’s grandmother who was buried in the same cemetery.

1880: It was reported today the Jewish leaders in New York City have an issued an appeal to their co-religionists throughout the United States to make generous contributions to the Alliance Israelite Universelle, the Paris based charity that provides financial support and educational opportunities for Jews living under the Czar and the Ottoman Sultan.  It is suggested that leaders take advantage of the upcoming Purim festivities and address their congregations on the Sabbath of Remembrances on the need for providing financial support.

1881: Birthdate of Marc Boegner, the President of the Council of the Protestant Federation who risked his life by writing to Marshal Petain “protesting again the deportation of Jews and the inhuman manner in which orders for these deportations were being carried out.

1881: Birthdate of Rabbi Jonah Bondi Wise “an American Rabbi and leader of the Reform Judaism movement, who served for over thirty years as rabbi of the Central Synagogue in Manhattan and was a founder of the United Jewish Appeal, serving as its chairman from its creation in 1939 until 1958.”

1882: It was reported today that the reports of British Consular officials have “to a certain extent” exaggerated “the seriousness of the anti-Jewish riots in Russia” especially when it comes to “the reports of loss of life” and attacks on Jewish women.  Only about “100 Jews were shamefully” mistreated in Warsaw of whom only 10 or 12 have died because of their injuries. However, the reports of property destruction were not exaggerated.

1883(14th of Adar I, 5643): Purim Katan

1886: In Massachusetts, founding of the Lynn Hebrew Benevolent Society which meets the first Sunday of each month and is supported by an auxiliary society – the Ladies’ Hebrew Circle.

1888: Two days after he had passed away, Heiman Kohnstamm was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1889: Birthdate of Otto Wasserzug, the son of Berlin banker who gained fame as actor Otto Wallburg who would win an Iron Cross while serving on the Eastern Front in WW I which did save him from being murdered at Auschwitz in 1944.

1889: Birthdate of Moritz Neumann, one of the many Jewish men from Leinsteinach who served in the German Army during WW I.

1892: As New York City continued to deal with an outbreak of Typhus, the SS Etruria which had been “detained at Quarantine” because she had a large “number of Russian Jews among her steerage passengers” was allowed to dock today.  The Health Officer order the seventy Russian Jews to remained on board until “their baggage” had been “thoroughly fumigated.”

1890(1st of Adar, 5650): Rosh Chodesh Adar

1892: “Non-Success of Russian Jews” published today which relied on information first published in the Pall Mall Gazette reported that Voskhod has examined the conditions “of Jews who left Russia during the persecutions of the last 18 months.”  According to this monthly Jewish publication, those who went to Palestine want to return to Russia because the agricultural settlements “have been failures.”  And things are so bad for those who went to United States, “that were a society formed…to pay” their expenses “two thirds would gladly avail themselves of its funds and return.” (This report may reflect the philosophic stance of Voshkod as much as it does the conditions of the people it described.

1891: In Pittsburgh, PA on Shabbat, the rabbi at Poale Zedeck Congregation on Grant Street was prevented from preaching his announced sermon by Rueben Miller, the Vice President of the synagogue who was to be the topic of the talk.

1892: “A Great Hebrew Hospital” published today provided a lengthy history of Mount Sinai Hospital which began as the Jewish Hospital.  In addition to all of its other accomplishments, it “was the first hospital in the city to admit women to membership on its house staff.”

1893: Mr. Weinstock wrote from Sacramento, CA to Pierre Botkine of Century Magazine asking  about the status of Jews in Russia “who enter the Greek Catholic Church.”  Specifically, he wanted to know if conversion brings “full civil and political rights.”

1894(15th of Adar 1, 5654): Fifty-one year old Bialystok born Khayim, who in 1860 moved to Jerusalem with his parents where “he became a pioneer of the Yiddish press in the land of Israel.”

http://yleksikon.blogspot.com/2018/08/khayim-pres.html

1895: Birthdate of Szmul Zygielbojm (Zygelbojm or Zigelboim) “a Jewish-Polish socialist politician, leader of the Bund, and a member of the National Council of the Polish government in exile” who in 1943  “committed suicide to protest the indifference of the Allied governments in the face of the Holocaust.”

1895: Alfred Dreyfus was “removed from his prison and transferred to an icy cell in a naval cruiser” which would carry him imprisonment on Devil’s Island.

1896: Students' party at "Kadimah". The students give Herzl a great ovation.

1897: Birthdate of Meir Ya’ari, the native of Galicia who made Aliyah in 1920 where he help to found Kibbutz Artzi before serving in as a member of Israel’s first Knesset.

1897: In correspondence bearing today's date, “leading members of the Jewish community in Tripoli sent a letter to the President of the Alliance that gave a grim picture of Jewish life in rural Tripolitania."  The Jews reported that they were living as “dhimmi.” An Arab mob had destroyed the synagogue in the village of Zliten and in another village the authorities refused to find those who had murdered one Jew and injured his companion.

1897: The Board of Trustees of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum is scheduled to meet today where they will take up Emanuel Lehman’s offer to provide $100,000 “for the endowment of an industrial and provident fund for the benefit of graduates of the asylum.”

1898: As the trial of Emile Zola, the publisher of the Aurore enters its final days it was reported today that “public feeling against the Jews is so overwhelming that” his conviction is a foregone conclusion.

1898: It was reported today that Jews in Trenton, NJ are are still upset with the anti-Semitic remarks of William J. Cossley, the Prosecutor in Mercer County. 

1899: It was reported today that “Max Regis, the former Mayor of Algiers” and “notorious Jew-baiter…has been sentenced…to three years’ imprisonment” and ordered “to pay a fine of 1,000 francs” for press offenses and glorify murder and pillage at meetings in Algiers and Paris.”  (These meetings were part of the anti-Dreyfus violence that swept France.)

1899: In Brooklyn,” Morris and Anna Krystal Gottschalk, Jewish immigrants from Poland” gave birth to their sixth child, historian Louis Reichenthal Gottschalk.

http://www.nytimes.com/1975/06/25/archives/louis-gottschalk-historian-76-french-revolution-expert-dies.html?_r=0

1900: Birthdate of Henry Cohen, the British physician and lecture who was honored as the 1st Baron Cohen of Birkenhead for his contributions in the field of medicine.

1902(14th of Adar I, 5662): Purim Katan

1902(14th of Adar I, 5661): Louis Brenner, the daughter of Brooklyn real estate developer Levi Blumenau and the wife of “Brooklyn magistrate and Kings County Commissioner of Jurors” with whom she had six children – Arthur, Mortimer, Rose, Rica, Selma, and Caroline – passed away today.

1903(24th of Shevat, 5663): Parashat Mishpatim

1904: In Richmond, VA, Harry and Hortense Eichel Campbell gave birth to screenwriter Alan Campbell, the husband and colleague of Dorothy Parker.

1905: During the Russian Revolution of 1905 the Chief of Police for the district that included Bialystok was killed.  Attacks like this would become an excuse for the attacks against the Jews known as the Bialystok Pogrom that would take place in June of the following year.

1906: It was reported today that the International Free Scholarship Association which “assists poor and deserving student of all nationalities and creeds” including Jewish students” has hosted a Hindu Day at the Hotel Marie Antoinette in New York.

1907: “Gen. Kaulbars, the Governor General of Odessa, has at last been compelled to take action against the Union of True Russians, a reactionary organization, for the outrages upon Jews, although only to the extent of threatening the Union that its members will be punished if the armed attacks upon citizens are repeated.”

1907: “The Italian Government abandoned the idea of sending Prof. Luzzgatti, the former Minister of the Treasury, to St. Petersburg for the purpose of negotiating a new commercial treaty” because the Italians have received word that the professor would be persona non grata with the Russians due to the fact that he is Jewish.

1909: “Joseph L. Buttenweiser, the ex-President of the Hebrew Technical Institute, Rabbi H. Pereira Mendes and Judge Otto A. Rosalsky” were among the speakers at the dedication of the First Hungarian Congregation Ohab Zedek which is led by Rabbi Phillip Klein.

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1909/02/22/101816605.pdf?pdf_redirect=true&ip=0

1910: Samuel D. Warren, a former law partner of Louis D. Brandeis passed away today in Boston, MA

1911: It was reported today that objection was made to a resolution that had been introduced by Assemblymen Spielberg and Schlivek calling upon Congress to take action regarding the enforcement of the Russo-American Treaty of 1832 which includes issuing travel papers to American Jews going to Russia which means that the resolution will be tabled until next week when it will be brought up again for debate and a vote.

1912: Birthdate of Dr. Solomon Schonfeld, the British rabbi who saved thousands during the Holocaust http://www.hamhigh.co.uk/news/british_hero_of_holocaust_government_honours_highgate_rabbi_dr_solomon_schonfeld_for_saving_3_500_lives_in_holocaust_1_2013751

http://www.jta.org/1984/02/10/archive/solomon-schonfeld-dead-at-72

http://www.ajr.org.uk/index.cfm/section.journal/issue.Dec07/article=971

1913(14th of Adar I, 5673): Purim Katan

1914: Dr. John Tatlock and Marjorie Tatlock gave birth to Dr. Jean Frances Tatlock whom some contend was the mistress of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Tatlock was a Communist and this relationship would be used against him when his security clearance was lifted after World War II.

1915: Dr. Cyrus Adler, President of Dropsie College, presided over the opening session of the 23rd annual meeting of the American Jewish Historical Society which is being held at the Hotel McAlpin in New York City.

1915: “At a meeting of the Jewish Community, or Kehillah, held today at the Educational Alliance a report was approved calling upon the American Jewish Committee to take the leadership in plans for meeting ‘the greatest crisis that has overtaken the Jews in centuries’” – a crisis that “has been brought about by the war” and the problems of which “must be solved by the 3,000,000 American Jews.”

1915: “Life and Times of the Famous Jewish Historian” published today provides a review of Josephus by Norman Bentwich published by the Jewish Publication Society.

1915: Solicitor General Hugh M. Dorsey and Attorney General Warren Grice left Atlanta for Washington today where they will file a brief with the Supreme Court in the case of Leo Frank, “asserting the right of every state of the union to make and enforce its own criminal laws, from interference or supervision by the Federal courts.

1915: William Vincent Byars of St. Louis read a paper on the part played by the Gratz brothers in the development of trade in the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys at the morning session of the annual meeting of the American Jewish Historical Society.

1915: Leon Huchner presented a paper on the life of Daniel Gomez a merchant in colonial New York at the afternoon session of the annual meeting of the American Jewish Historical Society.

1915: Another 600 or 700 refugees, most of whom are Jewish, arrived in Egypt today “reporting that the situation in Syria is going from bad to worse.”

1916: C.H. Rubenstein wrote to Simon Wolf, the “Chairman of the Board of Delegates on Civil Rights of the Union American Hebrew Congregations describing the action he took with Rabbi Rosenau in opposing “a bill now before the General Assembly making the reading of the King James version of the Bible compulsory in the public schools of Maryland.

1916: During World War I, 1,400 German guns fired the open salvo in the Battle of Verdun. The bloodletting would last for ten months at a cost over half a million French casualties and four hundred thousand German casualties.  For the French, this pointless bloodletting would lead to a pacifism when facing the threat of Hitler.  Life in the trenches would lead to the creation of the Maginot Line which also helped to pave the way for France’s early collapse in World War II.  In other words, a fairly straight line can be drawn from a battle in 1916 and the rise of Vichy and French collaboration with the Nazis that led to the death of so many Jews. Additionally, the “hero” of Verdun was Marshall Petain, the same Marshall Petain who collaborated with the Nazis during WWII, shipping Jews to Drancy, the first stop on the way to Auschwitz.

1917: According to the Overseas News Agency, the $250,000 that the U.S. Ambassador has given to the Vienna Jewish Association which was collected by the American Jewish community “is destined for the relief of Galician Jews and Jewish refugees from the occupied territory of Galicia.”

1918(9th of Adar, 5678): Fifty-two year old author and linguist Hedwig Lachmann passed away. (As reported by Hanna Delf von Wolzogen)

1918:  During the fight to free Palestine from Turkish control, Australian units under the overall command of General Allenby drove the Turks from Jericho and reached the northern end of the Dead Sea. As a result of these victories, the British would become the mandatory power after the war and the Balfour Declaration would be worth the paper it was written on, for a little while at least.

1919:  As the right wing reasserts its authority in Germany, a German aristocrat named Count Anton Arco-Valley shot Jewish born Bavarian political leader Kurt Eisner in the back and killed him as he on his way to the Munich Parliament.

1919: In Hungary, “the prime minister ordered the arrest of over one hundred prominent Communists including Bela Kun.”

1920(2nd of Adar, 5680): Parashat Terumah

1920: Birthdate of San Francisco Janet Loeb, who after marrying Dr. James L. Wolff became Janet L. Wolff, a leading advertising executive who played a dominate roll at J. Walter Thompson and whose iconic campaigns for such products as Irish Spring Soap and Datsun automobile led to her being inducted into the Advertising Hall of Fame.

1921: Birthdate of Bronx native and son of Russian Jewish immigrants Albert “Albie” Axelrod the WW II U.S. Navy veteran and CCNY grad who became one of America’s leading fencers as can be seen by the bronze medal he won at the 1960 Olympics.

http://usfencinghalloffame.com/wp/axelrod-albert/



1921: The Daughters of Zion Hebrew Day Nursery are scheduled to hold a ball tonight which is a fund raiser of the school at 211 Varet Street that provides care about fifty children of working mothers.

1921 Dr. Maurice I Harris of Temple Israel delivered one in a series of four lectures on Modern Jewish History at the Teachers’ Institute of the Free Synagogue on West 68th Street this evening.

1922: Birthdate of DJ Murray “the K,” referred to as the Fifth Beatle.

1922: Birthdate of Zivi Zeitlin, the native of Dubrovna who was raised in Palestine and became “an internationally renowned violinist known for interpreting the work of contemporary composers.” Zeitlin was 11 years old when he won a scholarship to Julliard making him the youngest person to win such an honor from the famed music school.  In 1967, he became a professor at the Eastman School of Music.(As reported by Margalit Fox)

1922: “The Loves of Pharaoh” a “million dollar epic” silent film directed by Ernst Lubitsch premiered in New York today.

1923: In “To Preserve Jerusalem” published today, Ronald Storrs, the first British military governor of Palestine called Americans to support the Pro-Jerusalem Society which was fighting to maintain the unique characteristics of the ancient city and avoid such vulgarizations as having “factory chimneys in the neighborhood of Solomon’s Temple or the Holy Sepulcher”

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1923/02/21/105988002.pdf?pdf_redirect=true&ip=0

1924: It was reported today that “Palestine had cost the British Exchequer one million, four hundred thousand pounds in 1923-24, but it was estimated that the would only be one million pounds in 1924-25.

1925: In York, PA, Lewis and Nettie Wolfson Leibowitz gave birth to Herschel Weldon Leibowitz, “a Penn State University psychologist who was among the first scientists to explore how the mind can misinterpret what the eye sees at night, a phenomenon that contributes to traffic accidents.” (As reported by Benedict Carey)

1926: In London, “Israel Zangwill, speaking at a meeting of the Jewish Drama League” tonight “said that George Bernard Shaw had make the Jews his debtors because all his translators and agents were Jews.”

1926: “A contribution of $3,000 was announced” today “from national headquarters of the United Jewish Campaign which is endeavoring to raise $15,000,000 from American Jewry for their suffering coreligionist in foreign lands.”

1926: “Speakers at the third annual meeting of the National Council of the Palestine Foundation Fund at the Hotel Astor” today “declared that wealthy Jews have not done their share in the last year toward the support of the fund for the welfare of Jews in Palestine.”

1927: Dr. Israel Konovitz, the President of the Hebrew Principals’ Association and the father of Isidore Konvitz, a Columbia University graduate and instructor at the Hebrew University, is scheduled to set sail on the Mauretania as he makes his way to Palestine where he will study the education system.

1927: It was reported today that Otto Kahn, Maurice Wertheim and Edward L. Bernays are acting as committee to see what it would take to establish a permanent home for the Habima Players in Palestine.

1928: Seventeen year old Hunter College student Judith Wolfert, “the winner of the recent National Young Judaea Oratorical Contest” is scheduled to set sail today on the Mauretania bound for Palestine where she “expects to make a study of Palestine’s agriculture, industries and culture.”

1929: Sir Julien Cahn XI, a cricket team Sir Julien Cahn founded and captained for made its “first-class debut” in Jamaica.

1929: Sixty-nine year old Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, the British General who when putting together the forces for the Gallipoli landings selected Lt. Col. John Henry Patterson “to raise and command a Jewish military unit to fight against the Turks in the Middle East” passed away today.

1932(14th of Adar I, 5692): Purim Katan

1932(14th of Adar I 5692): Boris Schatz, founder of the Bezalel Art School passed away.

1932: The new home for Sephardi Temple Tifereth Israel located on Santa Barbara Avenue was dedicated today in Los Angeles.

1932: “According to announcement sent out by the Jewish National Fund of America” today, “an evergreen memorial of 500,000 pin and eucalyptus trees will be planted in Palestine as a living tribute of the Jews of America” to George Washington.

1932: It was reported today that “Judge Benjamin N. Cardozo of the Court of Appeals…who has been named a member of the United States Supreme Court” attended services at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, the only Jewish congregation active in New York during the Colonial and Revolutionary Period that celebrated the bicentennial of the birth of George Washington.

1932: The New York Times featured a review of The Tragedies of Progress by Italian Jewess Gina Lombroso who is described as a severe critic "of the trend in our technical civilization"

1933: In Tyron, NC, Mary Kate Waymon and John Divine Waymon gave birth to Eunice Kathleen Waymon who gained fame as singer-songwriter Kathleen Waymon whose repertoire included “Eretz Zavat Halav and who recorded “Strange Fruit,” a song written by Abel Meeropol which was inspired after he saw “a photograph of two young men being lynched.”

1933: Birthdate of New York native Robert “Bob” Rafelson, “the son of hat ribbon manufacturer” and nephew of screenwriter Samuel Raphaeslon, “the author of ‘The Jazz’” whose most famous work may have “Five Easy Pieces which directed, produced and also co-authored the script.

1934: The Los Angeles Times reported that “Samuel Untermyer, head of the New York-based Anti-Nazi League came” to the southern California metropolis “to speak about the dangers of Nazi Germany.]

1935: “When the Jewish-owned steamer Tel Aviv” docked today in Palestine for the first time, the first passenger to land was” Georg Martini the correspondent for The Völkischer Beobachter the official newspaper of the Nazi Party.

1936: In Warsaw, the Polish Senate debated a proposal for “a mass emigration of Jews from Poland” during which Senator Jausz Radzweill said that he felt “bound to say that Germany’s example may encourage anti-Semitic troubles everywhere.”

1936: “The National Democratic Party of Upper Silesia was ordered disbanded today on charges of conducting anti-Semitic agitation.”

1937: Today’s listing “Forthcoming Books” included The Dreyfus Case and Major Noah: American Jewish Pioneer.

1937: In Poland, citizens were informed by loud speakers, posters and leaflets of the “creation of the new government party Colonel Adam Koc, commander of the Pilsudski Legionnaires who said “we can never approve of violence and brutal anti-Semitic outrages which degrade our national dignity and honor… but we understand the instinct of legitimate defense of our people in their” move “toward economic independence.”

1938: Semyon Dimanstein who had at one time been head of Yevsektsiya, the Jewish section of the Soviet Communist party, was arrested by Stalin.  Within short order he would be condemned to death and executed.

 1938: The Palestine Post reported that British troops, assisted by police, inflicted heavy casualties on a gang of armed Arabs halfway between Rosh Pina and Safed and that there were about 500 suspected Arab terrorists interned at El Mizra camp.

1938: The Palestine Post reported that R.E. Alderson, R.A.F. Squadron Leader murdered by Arab terrorists near Atlit was buried with honors at Ramle.

1938: The Palestine Post reported that The Jewish Agency, The Marine Trust Ltd. and other Jewish organizations asked the government to speed up the development of the Tel Aviv port in order to stop congestion and allow normal passenger traffic. The basin had to be deepened, the quay space doubled and another lighter basin added to the existing facilities.

1939: In a further move to impoverish the Jews, the German government order them “to surrender all objects made from gold, silver, precious stones and pearls.” (Like Haman, Hitler knew that anti-Semitism was a profitable “business.”

1939: The Italian government continued its “campaign against the United States as a whole and Mr. Roosevelt in particular” by calling the President “an alarmist who is …yielding to pressure from Jews bent on crush the totalitarian States to avenge the persecution of their brethren in Germany and Italy…”

1939(2nd of Adar, 5699): Eighty-seven year old Jewish philanthropist Jacques Teitel who “for forty years filled an office” similar to that of a district attorney in the United States and who after being forced to leave Russia “went to Germany where he became president of the Union of Russian Jews in Germany” passed away today in Nice, France.

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1939/02/22/96020335.pdf

1940: Oberfuerher Richard Gluecks informed Himmler that he had found a "suitable site" for a new "quarantine Camp" at Auschwitz.

1940: Czech architect Otto Eisler arrived in Norway after fleeing his homeland which had been taken over by the Nazis who had imprisoned and tortured him.

1941: “The Strawberry Blonde” featuring George Tobias with a script by Julius J. Epstein and Philip G. Epstein was released in the United States today.

1942(4th of Adar, 5702): Parsahat Terumah

1942: It was announced today that “Rabi Jonah B. Wise of Central Synagogue has accepted the chairmanship of the war emergency campaign of the UJA in the New York metropolitan area” and that Governor Lehman, Judge Julian W. Mack, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise and Henry Ittleson have been named to serve as honorary officers.

1943: The Battle of Guadalcanal ended.  Former champion boxer, Barney Ross won a Silver Star the second highest medal given for battlefield gallantry for his heroics during this grinding eight month long battle.  Ross had enlisted at the age of 32 and fought in the first of the island hopping battles that would lead to victory over Japan in 1945.

1943: In Paterson, NJ. stationary store owner Morris Roses and his wife, the former Ceil Schwartz, both of whom escaped the Holocaust, gave birth to Dr. Allen Roses “a maverick researcher whose team of scientists identified two genes that put healthy people over 65 at higher risk for Alzheimer’s disease.”

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/06/science/allen-roses-who-upset-common-wisdom-on-cause-of-alzheimers-dies-at-73.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well

1943: Dutch Roman Catholic bishops protested against persecution of Jews. This came as part of the response to Nazi recent roundups of Jews in Amsterdam. The "Righteous Gentiles" did make their attempts to help, but there were just too few of them.

1943:In Borough Park, Brooklyn, Abraham Geffen and Batya Volovskaya, the owner of “a clothing store called Chic Corsets by Geffen gave birth to David Lawrence Gefen, who founded “Asylum Records in 1970, Geffen Records in 1980, DGC Records in 1990, and DreamWorks SKG in 1994.”

1943: Sir Harold MacMichael, High Commissioner of the British Mandate of Palestine, broadcast a speech tonight on the eve of Red Army Day in which he “warmly praised the achievements of the Red Army.”

1944(27th of Shevat, 5704): Dov Lopatyn was killed by a landmine today.  While serving as the head of the Judenrat in Lachwa  he “refused the demand of the Einsatzgruppen that the Lakhva Ghetto inhabitants line up for deportation and led one of the first ghetto uprisings after which an untold number of the Jews escaped to the Pripet Marshes.  It was there the Lopatyn joined the partisans with whom he fought until his death.

1944: Birthdate of Dr. Sander L. Gilmnan, the New York native and Tulane University alum whose accomplishments include the founding of the Jewish Studies program at the University of Illinois, Chicago.

http://ila.emory.edu/home/people/faculty/gilman.html

http://books.google.com/books/about/The_Jew_s_Body.html?id=6sTjj5uiVegC

1945: It was understood today that the Vatican “has generally approved of the American interest in the Middle East if only as a counter poise to possible Russian influence” in the area” and that “it was recall that the Vatican was generally believed to have been lined up behind the status quo in Palestine, giving implicit approval to the policies of Dr. Chaim Weizmann.”

1946: British soldiers and policeman are searching for those who attacked the police headquarters tonight in Haifa and Tel Aviv.  The attackers in Tel Aviv were armed with machine guns and grenades and set-off at least 6 separate explosions.  The attacks followed searches of Jewish settlements by the police that resulted in the seizure of rifles and “a clandestine radio.”

1946: Congressman Augustus Bennett, a New York Republican, with the support of Congressman Thomas J. Lane, a Massachusetts Democrat, introduced a resolution today in the House of Representative calling for a “Congressional investigation of the Palestine situation…The measure calls for a joint House-Senate committee to be sent to the Holy Land to investigate conditions there and report its findings to Congress.”

1946: Birthdate of Monice Lenore Belson, the sister of Jerry Beslon, who gained fame as screenwriter Monica Johnson.

1947: “Nora Prentis” a film noir directed by Vincent Sherman, with music by Franz Waxman and a screenplay by N. Richard Nash was released today in the United States.

1947: Edwin H. Land demonstrated the first instant developing camera in New York City. It took only sixty seconds to develop a black and white photograph.  Most of us know that such famous scientists as Einstein, Salk and Sabine were Jewish.  But how many knew that this famous college dropout was Jewish as well?  He is also given credit for creating improved lenses and sunglasses as well as providing research on new theories related to color perception.

1948(11th of Adar I, 5708): Parashat Tetzaveh

1948(11th of Adar I, 5708): Seventy-six German born journalist and university professor Gustav Mayer who moved to the Netherlands when the Nazis came to power before making his way to England in 1936 where he began working on a “history of the English Worker’s Movement” passed away today.

1948: Twenty-eight year old Alf James won the South African Welterweight Title.

1948: The Arab League voted to deny American oil companies pipeline rights in the Middle East until Washington altered its Palestine policy reinforcing efforts by Secretary of State George Marshall and others at the State Department to get President Truman to reconsider his support for the creation of a Jewish state.

1949: Today, President Truman told a delegation from American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, including Philip Slomovitz, the editor of the Detroit Jewish News  “that he was familiar with the background of the British administration in Palestine and that he had outlined his plan emigration of refugees to Ernest Bevin just before he was appointed foreign minister.

1949: “The United Palestine Appeal was directed today to implement immediately a decision of fifty-five members of its board of directors for the return of Henry Morgenthau Jr., former Secretary of the Treasury, and Henry Montor to the leadership of the 1949 United Jewish Appeal campaign for $250,000,000.

1950: “A major trade showing of imported giftwares made in handicraft shops in Israel” “sponsored by the Palestine Galleries for Arts and Crafts” continued for a second day the Pierre Hotel in New York City

1951(15th of Adar I, 5711): Sixty-nine year old Sara Samuel who served as “Headmistress of the girl’s department of the JFS” from 1938 “until her retirement in 1945” and was the Secretary of the Stamford Hill Ladies’ Guild at the New Synagogue for 15 years passed away today.

1955: David Ben-Gurion succeeded Pinhas Lavon as Defense Minister.

1955(29th of Shevat, 5715): Four months before the death of her husband, seventy-five year old Sadie (Brahm) Lefkowotiz, the mother of Lewis, Harry, Helen and David Lefkowitz, Jr, and the wife David Lefkowotiz, the Dallas rabbi who defied the KKK, passed away today with her memory living on with the creation of the Sadie and David Lefkowitz Collection of Judaica at the Perkins School of Theology.

1955(29th of Shevat, 5715): Seventy-six year old Dr. Alwin M. (Max) Pappenheimer the Columbia trained pathologist who was on the faculty at Columbia and who was the father of Dr. Anne P. Forbes, Dr. John R. Pappenheimer and Dr. Alwin M. Pappenheimer, Jr. of NYU who followed in his father’s footsteps, passed away today.

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1955/02/22/96627378.pdf

1955: Dr. Edward Warner Brice, “the director of adult education of H.E.W. announced “today “ that he is going to Israel in an effort to tap Israeli knowhow, developed in its successful aid program in Asia and Africa”  to help improve the foreign assistance efforts of the United States. (As reported by JTA)

1956(9th of Adar I, 5716): Sixty-nine year old mobster and confederate of Al Capone Jake Guzik passed away on the South Side of Chicago.

1956(9th of Adar, 5716): Edwin Franko Goldman the founder of Goldman Band of New York City and the American Bandmasters Association passed away at the Montefiore Hospital in New York

1958: Birthdate of exercise expert Jake Steinfeld (Body by Jake).

 1958: Egypt and Syria having formed the United Arab Republic (UAL) elected the Egyptian dictator Gamiel Nasser as its new President.  Nasser was a Pan Arabist - yes they show up year in and year out - who was determined to destroy the state of Israel as his means of uniting the Arab World.  He failed on both counts.

1958: In Cambridge, MA, Elaine Salovey, a registered nurse, and Ronald Salovey, a physical chemist gave birth to their oldest child Peter Salovey, a descendant of the Soloveichik rabbinic family who became the 23 President of Yale University.

1959(13th of Adar I, 5719): Parashat Tetzaveh

1959(13th of Adar I, 5719): Seventy-five year old American anthropologist Paul Radin the Lodz born son Rabbi Adolph Moses Radin and the brother of “legal scholar Max Radin” passed away today.

https://www.academia.edu/262124/PAUL_RADIN_an_attempt_at_an_intellectual_biography



1960: In Bloomington, the weekend long ceremonies marking the dedication of the Moses Montefiore Temple came to a close.

1962: “Walk on the Wild Side” a movie version of a novel by the same name with “opening and closing sequences directed by Saul Bass” starring Laurence Harvey and with music by Elmer Bernstein was released in the United States today.

1962: In Brooklyn, Norma and Al Lerner gave birth to Randy Lerner the billionaire businessman who took over ownership of the Cleveland Browns when his father passed away.

1962: Birthdate of Eliezer Sandberg, the Haifa native who has served as a member of the Knesset and held at least two cabinet posts.

1966: Jan Peerce appeared in “Don Giovanni” today in what would be his “last complete stage performance at the Metropolitan Opera.”

1968: Birthdate of Daniel Jacob “Dan” Calichman the native of Huntington Station, NY who “played college soccer at Williams” before going on to a career as professional player and coach.

1968: “Bye Bye Braverman” an American comedy directed and produced by Sidney Lumet, starring George Segal and Joseph Wiseman, with music by Peter Matz and filmed cinematographer Boris Kaufman was released in the United States today.

1969(3rd of Adar, 5729): Two were killed and twenty more wounded in a terrorist bombing attack at a Jerusalem supermarket.

1969(3rd of Adar, 5729): Sixty-seven year Itzik Manger (איציק מאַנגער) passed away. Born in what is now the Ukraine in 1901, Manger lived in various European cities as he wrote plays and poems in Yiddish. Towards the end of his life, he made Aliyah and lived in Tel Aviv. Itzik's Midrash and Songs of the Megillah were two of his more famous works, both of which drew upon Biblical themes.

http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Manger_Itsik

1970: A Swissair plane bound from Zurich to Tel Aviv explodes and crashes shortly after takeoff; all 47 people aboard are killed.

1970: An Austrian airliner carrying mail for Israel from Frankfurt, West Germany, to Vienna is damaged by an explosion in flight; no one is hurt.

1971(26th of Shevat, 5731): Eighty-five year old Madison, SD native Clare Stephen Jacobs who won the Bronze Medal for Pole Vaulting in the 1908 Summer Olympics passed away today.

1971: In “Seeing the Sinai” Douglas Greener described his tour of the Wilderness 4 years after the Six Day War.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=FA0813F73B5F127A93C3AB1789D85F458785F9

1972: Today, “Mel Brooks appeared as the 2000 Year Old Man to help celebrated the 2000th episode of the original quiz show Jeopardy!”

1973: Israeli fighter planes shot down a Libyan Airlines jet over the Sinai Desert, killing more than 100 people.

1974: Refusniks “Vitaly Rubin, Vladimir Galatzky and David Azbel completed a hunger strike” today.

1974: Israeli forces left the territory on the western side of the Suez Canal.  While the Yom Kippur War (October, 1973) began as a disaster for the Israelis, the military outcome was a triumph.  Troops under Sharon crossed the Suez Canal and put a stranglehold on the Egyptian Army.  The disengagement of 1974 led to the historic visit of Sadat and the peace treaty that followed.

1977: Birthdate of Jonathan Safran Foer an American author whose works include Everything Is Illuminated and Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close and Eating Animals.

1977(4th of Adar, 5737): Sixty-two year old Boston native Avery Berlow Cohan, the graduate of Cornell who earned a Ph.D. at Columbia before serving as a teaching fellow at Harvard and a professor of finance at the University of North Carolina at Chapel for twenty years passed away tonight.

https://www.nytimes.com/1977/02/23/archives/avery-berlow-cohan-62-a-professor-of-finance.html?searchResultPosition=1

http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Cohan%2C%20Avery%20B%2E%20%28Avery%20Berlow%29%2C%201914%2D

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that there were at least 2,000 guests at the colorful opening of the 29th Zionist Congress in Jerusalem.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Finance Minister Simha Ehrlich had set up a special police task force to study how to implement the Shimron Committee's recommendations on fighting the organized crime in Israel.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egypt withdrew its diplomatic mission from Cyprus after its 15 commandos were killed and some 50 injured in fighting Cypriot soldiers and PLO terrorists in an attempt to free a plane at the Larnaca airport, in which two Arab terrorists were holding Arab and Egyptian hostages.

1982: A revival of “Little Me,” a musical written by Neil Simon, with music by Cy Coleman and lyrics by Carolyn Leigh the cast of which included Bebe Neuwirth closed at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre.

1982: “After 1,604 performances and fourteen previews,” the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “Ain’t Misbehavin’” a musical with a “book” co-authored by Murray Horwitz.

1982(28th of Shevat, 5742): Gershom Scholem passed away.  Born on December 5, 1897, Scholem, was a Jewish philosopher and historian who was raised in Germany. He is widely regarded as the modern founder of the scholarly study of Kabbalah, becoming the first Professor of Jewish Mysticism at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Scholem is best known for his collection of lectures, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (1941) and for his biography Sabbatai Zevi, the Mystical Messiah (1973). His collected speeches and essays, published as On Kabbalah and its Symbolism (1965), helped to spread knowledge of Jewish mysticism among non-Jews. He was awarded the Israel Prize in 1958 and was elected president of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities in 1968.




1983(8th of Adar, 5743): Eighty-nine year old Columbia University graduate  Louis Bernstein who was a teacher and principal in New York City for more than 50 years passed away today.


1983(8th of Adar, 5743): Murray Seasongood, who served as Mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio from 1926 through 1930 passed away today at the age of 104.



1985(30th of Shevat, 5745): Rosh Chodesh Adar

1985(30th of Shevat, 5745): Sixty-nine year old Nathan Pritikin, inventor and diet guru took his own life today.

https://www.pritikin.com/home-the-basics/about-pritikin/38-nathan-pritikin.html

http://articles.latimes.com/1985-02-23/news/mn-1021_1_nathan-pritikin

1986(12th of Adar I, 5746): Eighty-one year old Louis H. Silberkleit, the co-founder of Archie Comics Inc who married Nicole Bernheim after his first wife Lillian Meisel, the mother of his son Michael died, passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/1986/02/25/obituaries/louis-silberkleit-co-founder-of-archie-comics-dies-at-81.html

1986: Leonard “Cohen appeared as villain Francois Zolan in the "French Twist" episode of the American television series Miami Vice originally broadcast today.”

1987: The Syrian army marched into Beirut.  This was part of Syria’s plan to rule “Greater Syria” a territory that would include Lebanon, Israel and Jordan.  At the behest of the United States, Israel blocked Syria’s plans to seize part of Jordan in the 1970’s.  As the bombing in Beirut this week reminds us, the Syrians still dominate the Lebanese political scene.

1988: In “Russia and the Jews: Photos of a Turbulent Past,” published today Chaim Potok used his critique of an exhibition at the Jewish Museum to provide a semi-sentimental journey through the world of Russian Jewry in the closing decades of the 19th century and the opening decades of the twentieth century.

1988: “In a letter appearing in today’s Sunday’s New York Times, poet Yehuda Amichai, journalist Amos Elon, and novelists Amos Oz and A.B. Yehoshua said Prime Minister Shamir “would like to maintain the status quo forever and continue to rule over 1.5 million Palestinians against their will.”

1991: Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers" premiered at Richard Rodgers Theater in New York City for the first of 780 performances.

1991: British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher delivers the key note address at the retirement dinner honoring Sir Immanuel Jakobovits, Chief Rabbi of the British Commonwealth.

1992: “This Is My Life,”  the movie version of the book by Meg Wolitzer, directed by Nora Ephron who co-wrote the script with her sister Delia Ephron was released today in the United States.

1992: Israeli forces withdrew from two villages in southern Lebanon today, ending a 24-hour thrust against Shiite Muslim guerrillas who had fired salvos of rockets into northern Israel. Hours after the withdrawal, the villages were again filled with gunmen from the pro-Iranian Party of God, and fresh barrages of rockets were fired at Israeli border villages.

1992(17th of Adar I, 5752): In Granot Haglil, five-year old Avia Elizad was killed by a Katyusha fired by Arabs in Lebanon as she ran to meet her father who was returning from work.  Her last words were “Daddy, Daddy!”

1992: A Palestinian fatally stabbed Russian émigré today in Kfar Sava, northeast of Tel Aviv. The assailant, from neighboring Kalkilya on the West Bank, stabbed the woman in the neck with a kitchen knife and wounded three other émigrés before being shot and subdued. Leaflets distributed in Gaza and signed by the Islamic Holy War movement took responsibility for the stabbing.

1992: Opening of “Lou Bernstein: Five Decades of Photographs” an exhibition of his works that covers 20 years of wandering New York from the 1940s to the 1960s.

1993: After a campaign sullied by charges of mischief and wrongdoing, Israeli rabbinical elders and political leaders chose Chief Rabbis today for the Ashkenazic and Sephardic branches of Judaism. Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau, 56, Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv, won the closely watched race to represent Ashkenazic JewsNS Rabbi Eliahu Bakshi-Doron, 52, of Haifa, won the Sephardic contest

1993(30th of Shevat, 5753): Sixty-eight year old cartoon pioneer Harvey Kurtzman passed away today. (As reported by Richard D. Lyons)

http://www.nytimes.com/1993/02/22/nyregion/harvey-kurtzman-68-cartoonist-who-helped-start-mad-magazine.html

http://www.harveykurtzman.com/

1994(10th of Adar, 5754): Ninety-three year old Mary Woodard Lasker, the widow of Albert Davis Lasker with whom she established the Lasker Foundation passed away today. (As reported by Eric Pace)

http://www.nytimes.com/1994/02/23/obituaries/mary-w-lasker-philanthropist-for-medical-research-dies-at-93.html

1995(21st of Adar I, 5755): Eighty-six year old pathologist Alwin M. (Max) Pappenheimer passed away today.

http://www.nytimes.com/1995/03/24/obituaries/alwin-m-pappenheimer-jr-86-shed-light-on-bacterial-toxins.html

1995: Leonard Hoffmann, Baron Hoffmann began serving “as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary” today.

1996(1st of Adar, 5756): Science fiction writer Horace Leonard Gold passed away at the age of 81.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1760058/Horace-L-Gold

19961st of Adar, 5756): Composer and former President of ASCAP Morton Gould passed away at the age of 82. (As reported by Bernard Holland)

http://www.nytimes.com/1996/02/22/nyregion/morton-gould-composer-and-conductor-dies-at-82.html

1997: Bob Rafelson turned sixty-four today, on the same day which Blood & Wine, the thriller he had directed was released in the United States.

1999: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Kissinger Transcripts: The Top Secret Talks With Beijing and Moscow, Edited by William Burr and Ex-Friends Falling Out With Allen Ginsberg, Lionel and Diana Trilling, Lillian Hellman, Hannah Arendt, and Norman Mailer by Norman Podhoretz

1999(5th of Adar, 5759): Gertrude Elion, winner of The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1988, passed away. For more about this fascinating woman in her own words see

 http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1988/elion-autobio.html.

1999: At the Museum of Jewish Heritage, Family Heritage Week, with special activities, including creating family trees and special tours, goes on through Sunday. Exhibitions include ''Jewish Life a Century Ago,'' with memorabilia from Jewish rituals and celebrations in Europe in the early 1900's; ''War Against the Jews,'' detailing events from 1933 to 1945, and ''Jewish Renewal,'' focusing on life after the Holocaust comes to an end.

2000: Ninety-two year old General Kenneth D. Nichols who played a key role in the development of the Atomic Bomb during WW II and who was one of the driving forces behind removing J. Robert Oppenheimer’s security clearance passed away.

http://www.nytimes.com/2000/02/25/us/k-d-nichols-92-leader-in-early-atomic-age.html

2001: As the stench continues to rise from President Clinton’s last minute pardon of March Rich, “Ehud Olmert, the mayor of Jerusalem and one of many prominent Israeli supporters of Marc Rich's successful quest for a presidential pardon, said today that Mr. Rich gave $25,000 to his first mayoral campaign eight years ago.”

2002: The State Department declared that Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was dead, a month after he'd been abducted by Islamic extremists in Pakistan.

2002(9th of Adar I, 5762): A Palestinian terrorist shot 22 year old Minhal Dragma during the killing spree known as the Second Intifada. (Don’t you just love how the terrorists come up with this jazzy names for murder?)

2002: A videotape was released titled “The Slaughter of the Spy-Journalist, the Jew Daniel Pearl.” The video shows Pearl's mutilated body, and lasts 3 minutes and 36 seconds.

2003: Rabbi Israel Kestenbaum, an ethics watchdog for a national pastors association and a chaplain of the year for his work at ground zero, assumed a different role today, that of defendant in a child pornography case” on the same day that “an assistant district attorney, Jennifer Steiner, said that computers at the rabbi's home in Highland Park, N.J., had been searched and that the police had found at least one image of child pornography and messages to another under-age girl.”

2004: Bassam al-Asker, one of the murdering terrorists who hijacked the Achille Lauro was erroneously reported to have died today.  (As of 2007, he was supposedly living in Lebanon having spent 14 years training terrorists in Iraq.)

2004(29th of Shevat, 5764): Eighty-four year old Milton “Milt” Rubenfeld who flew for the RAF and the USAAF in WW II before ‘becoming one of the five founding pilots of the IAF during Israel’s War of Independence” whose service was vital to the success of the Zionist cause passed away today in Florida.

http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~sklausne/NWin04.pdf

2005: Today, Israel freed 500 Palestinian prisoners which was the latest good-will gesture intended to strengthen a truce that has largely seems to holding up.

2006: The Jewish author E. L. Doctorow was named the winner of the PEN/Faulkner Award for fiction. The winning work was The March (Random House), his best-selling novel about Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman's devastating march through the Confederate South, The Associated Press reported. Mr. Doctorow, who also won the 1990 Pen/Faulkner Award for "Billy Bathgate," will receive a prize of $15,000 from the Washington-based organization, which is "committed to building audiences for exceptional literature and bringing writers together with their readers."

2006: Wafa Sultan, an American author and critic of Muslim society and Islam who trained as a psychiatrist in Syria took part in Al Jazeera's weekly 45-minute discussion program The Opposite Direction. She criticized Muslims for treating non-Muslims differently, and for not recognizing the accomplishments of Jewish and other members of non-Muslim society while using their wealth and technology. The video was the most discussed video of all time with over 260,000 comments on the video-sharing website YouTube. Sultan describes her thesis as witnessing "a battle between modernity and barbarism which Islam will lose". It has brought her telephone threats, but also praise from reformers. Her comments, especially a pointed criticism that "no Jew has blown himself up in a German restaurant", brought her invitation to Jerusalem by the American Jewish Congress.

2006(23rd of Shevat, 5766):  Abraham Lopez Cardozo passed away at the age of 91.  The New York cantor was known for his efforts to preserve the music of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews (As reported by Ari L. Goldman)

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/23/arts/music/23cardozo.html

2007: Haaretz reported that only 19,264 people immigrated to Israel in 2006, down nine percent from 2005. It is the lowest number of immigrants recorded since 1988. Nearly 3 million people have immigrated to Israel since the country's founding in 1948, roughly one third of which immigrated during the 1990s. Some 300 people emigrated from India in 2006 - a fivefold increase from 2005. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, since 2002 - the year in which the major wave of immigration from the former Soviet Union came to an end - there has been a consistent downward trend in immigration. In 2006, immigration was down to 1980s levels, during which time 9,000-24,000 people immigrated annually.  In 2006, only 2.7 people immigrated for every 1,000 veteran residents. In 1990-91, at the height of immigration from the former Soviet Union, that figure stood at an average of 35 per 1,000, and from 1990-2001, it averaged 17 per 1,000. Starting in 2003, that figure fell to below 3.8 per 1,000 - also the rate during 1980-89, the period of lowest immigration in Israel's history.

2007: Today,in an interview with Maureen Dowd of the New York Times,” on his 64th birthday, movie mogul David “Geffen described Hillary Clinton and Bill Clinton in unflattering terms saying, ‘Everybody in politics lies, but they do it with such ease, it's troubling’ and that Hillary Clinton was "incredibly polarizing" while Bill Clinton was "reckless"  thus casting doubt on those who say he has become a different person since leaving office

2008: In New York, Susannah Heschel presents a lecture entitled “Biblical Scholarship and the Rise of Racism.”

2009(27th of Shevat, 5769): Parashat Mishpatim; Shabbat Shekalim

2009(27th of Shevat, 5769): Ninety-four year old award winning movie director Stanley Donen, the Columbia, S.C. born son of Helen Cohen and dress store manager Mordecai Donen who couldn’t wait to leave his home town, in part because of the anti-Semitism and who gave us some of our greatest movies including “Singing in the Rain and “On the Town” passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/23/obituaries/stanley-donen-dead.html

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2019/feb/24/stanley-donen-obituary

https://www.msn.com/en-us/movies/news/stanley-donen-director-of-iconic-movie-musicals-dies-at-94/ar-BBTYL2q?ocid=spartandhp



2009: Two and a half weeks after United Nations peacekeepers in southern Lebanon discovered five rockets ready to be launched toward Israel, a Katyusha rocket slammed into the western Galilee near the town of Ma'alot this morning, lightly wounding three people.

2009: The 92nd Street Y presents “It Started With a Dream: David Zippel—Lyrics He Wrote, Lyrics He Wishes He Wrote” during which the Jewish Tony Award-winner and multiple Oscar, Emmy and Grammy award nominee  presents highlights from his own scores and shares his inspirations and personal favorites from the iconic Songbook canon.  

2009: The Cedar Rapids Gazette reports that Rabbi Ellen Weinberg Dreyfus, who leads a small congregation in suburban Chicago, will become the second woman to head the rabbinical assembly of Judaism’s liberal Reform movement.

2010: Family, students and friends, including American historians Jonathan Sarna and Kimmy Caplan will gather at 7 p.m. at Jerusalem’s Yedidiya Synagogue for a memorial symposium marking the 40th anniversary of the death of Rabbi Geffen, who for 60 years was considered the dean of the Southern Orthodox rabbinate in the US.

2010: The Jewish Agency for Israel is scheduled to open its three-day long meeting today in Jerusalem.  The meeting had originally been scheduled to be held in St. Petersburg (Russia, not Florida.)

2010: The Israeli Ballet is scheduled to perform Don Quixote, at the Walt Whitman Theatre in Brooklyn, NY.

2010: A man hurled a suitcase containing a makeshift bomb at Cairo's main downtown synagogue in the early hours this morning, causing no injuries or damage, police said.

2010: The Washington Post featured a review of Pulitzer: A Life in Politics, Print, and Power by James McGrath Morris, a biography about the Hungarian born Jewish immigrant who changed the face of American journalism.

2011: The movies scheduled to be shown today at the Atlanta Jewish Film touch a wide range of Jewish emotions and themes since they include Diary of Anne Frank and American Tail, an animated film about “the immigrant adventure of Russian-Jewish mice that flee persecution in pursuit of the American dream.”

2011: Israeli pianist Idith Meshulam is scheduled to perform the second annual Music Of Now Marathon in New York City.

2011: Suez Canal officials said today that two Iranian naval vessels were expected to start their passage through the strategic waterway early tomorrow.If the ships make the passage, it would mark the first time in three decades that Iranian military ships have travelled the canal that links the Red Sea to the Mediterranean.

2012: Sue Eckstein is scheduled to discuss her latest novel “Interpreters” in London as part of Jewish Book Week.

2012: Pam Fox is scheduled to discuss “A Place to Call My Jewish Home: Memories of the Liberal Jewish Synagogue 1911-2011” in London as part of Jewish Book Week.

2012: Joshua Cohen, Ruth Franklin and Adam Kirsch are scheduled to participate in “In the Beginning Were Words: The Greatest Jewish Books” at the 92nd St Y in Manhattan

2012: IDF and Israel Police forces conducting anti-smuggling operations foiled a potential terrorist attack when they discovered a powerful explosive device being brought into the country.The authorities believe the intended target was IDF forces that patrol the southern border. (As reported by the Jerusalem Post Staff) 

2012: As tensions in Israel continue to rise due to threat of a nuclear Iran, the deputy head of the Islamic Republic's armed forces was quoted by a semi-official news agency as saying today that Iran would take preemptive action against its enemies if it felt its national interests were endangered "Our strategy now is that if we feel our enemies want to endanger Iran's national interests, and want to decide to do that, we will act without waiting for their actions," Mohammad Hejazi told Fars news agency.

2013: In London, The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust and Genocide is scheduled to mark LGBT history month with a “screening two of the earliest sympathetic depictions of same-sex attraction in the history of cinema” which “were created in the German Weimar Republic.”

2013: The Center for Jewish History and Leo Baeck Institute is scheduled to present a concert, “The Best of the Classics.”

2013: In New York, Temple Shaaray Tefila is scheduled to host a Klezmer Jam.

2013(11th of Adar, 2013): Fast of Esther

2013: Three men were found guilty today of planning a “spectacular bombing campaign” in the UK, including an attack on a synagogue.

2013: Today President Shimon Peres exhorted the European Union and its member states to place Hezbollah on their terror lists, and warned Lebanon against initiating violence against Israel.

2014: Congregation Har Tzeon-Agudath Achim in Silver Spring, MD is scheduled to host “Rockin’ Moroccan Shabbat Dinner” this evening.

2014: “Hundreds of copies of The Diary of Anne Frank and related books were vandalized in libraries in Tokyo, news reports said today. Library officials notified police after some pages of at least 265 copies of the diary and books about Anne Frank were found to have been ripped out at 31 libraries since January.”

2014: When attempts to disperse Palestinians who were throwing stones at soldiers beyond the border fence, IDF soldiers opened live fire at "the lower extremities of the main instigators" in an attempt to disperse them.

2014: In Iowa City, Avremel and Chaya Blesofsky invite the community to attend the brit of their son.

2015: Yevgenia Pikovsky, Elyakum Salzman – violin; Dmitri Ratush, Vladislav Krasnov – viola; Felix Nemirovsky, Yaacov Kashin – cello; Uri Arbel - double bass and Marianna Sorkin – piano are scheduled to perform a program of Russian music at the Eden-Tamir Music Cener.

2015: Lewis Black is scheduled to perform at the State Theatre in Cleveland, Ohio.

2015(2nd of Adar, 5775): Fifty-eight year old filmmaker Bruce Sinofsky passed away today.




2015: In Oslo, “hundreds of non-Jews including many Muslims” are scheduled “to encircle the synagogue as a gesture of outrage at the shooting at the Danish synagogue by a Muslim fanatic” who murdered 37 year old Dan Uzin who was providing security during a bat mitzvah celebration. (JTA)

2016(12th of Adar I, 5776): Eighty-three year old attorney and conservationist Henry Diamond passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/06/science/allen-roses-who-upset-common-wisdom-on-cause-of-alzheimers-dies-at-73.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well

2016(12th of Adar I, 5776): Ninety-four year old Rabbi Yohanan Sofer passed away early this morning in Jerusalem.

http://www.timesofisrael.com/venerated-leader-of-the-erlau-hasidic-sect-dies-at-93/

2016: “Court Vacancy” published today described the confirmation process for Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo.

http://www.thegazette.com/subject/opinion/letters-to-the-editor/letter-follow-hoovers-lead-to-fill-court-vacancy-20160221

2016: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Yid by Paul Goldberg and West of Eden: An American Place by Jean Stein.

 2016: As part of the Breman Museum’s “Bearing Witness” series, Mariella Crea is scheduled to the story of her family who “rescued French Jews being transported to the concentration camps by train” and smuggling them “to safety in Switzerland.”

2016: The Jewish Genealogical Society of New York and the American Sephardi Federation are scheduled to sponsor Gene Milgrom’s discussion of her work “documenting an unbroken maternal lineage back to 1480 in Pre-Inquisition Spain and Portugal.”

2017: “Families waited in silent clusters in a century-old Jewish cemetery” in University City, MO where “they came with a single question: Was the grave ofa loved one among the nearly 200 that had been vandalized here over the weekend?” (As reported by Monica Davey and Alan Blinder)

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/21/us/missouri-jewish-cemetery-chesed-shel-emeth.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=story-heading&module=second-column-region&region=top-news&WT.nav=top-news

2017(25th of Shevat, 5777): Ninety-seven year old Leah Frances (Posner ) Adler, the Cincinnati born daughter of Philip and Jennie Posner and longtime owner of The Milky Way kosher restaurant who happened to be the mother of filmmaker Steven Spielberg passed away today.

https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/LATimes/obituary.aspx?page=lifestory&pid=184237455

https://variety.com/2017/film/obituaries-people-news/leah-adler-dead-dies-steven-spielberg-mother-1201993407/

2017(25th of Shevat, 5777): Ninety-five year old Kenneth Joseph “Ken” Arrow, the New York born son Romanian Jewish immigrants Harry and Lillian (Greenberg) Arrow and Nobel award winning economist passed away today.

https://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/bios/Arrow.html

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/1972/arrow/biographical/

2017: “President Trump called anti-Semitic violence “horrible” and vowed today to take steps to counter extremism in comments that followed criticism that the White House had not clearly denounced vandalism and threats targeting Jewish institutions. (As reported by Fred Barbash, Ben Guarino and Brian Murphy)

2017: As part of its celebration of Black History Month, in Atlanta, the Breman Museum is scheduled to host its “second annual Historic Jewish Atlanta Tour” devoted to the Civil Rights movement.

2017: ‘Der Golem” is scheduled to be shown at JW3, the Jewish Community Centre in London.

2017: Rabbi David Wolpe is scheduled to “present an in-depth profile” of the story of “King David” as part of the “The Bible: The Greatest Stories Ever Told” at the Streicker Center.

2017: Rachel Joselson and Rene Lecuona are scheduled to present “Songs from the Holocaust” at the Voxman Music Building in Iowa City.

http://www.thegazette.com/subject/life/arts/music/calling-from-the-darkness-music-written-by-holocaust-victims-recorded-in-new-album-20161223

2018: The Steicker Center is scheduled to host “Einstein’s Brain: A (Gray) Matter of Dispute where a panel including Dr. Amir Amedia, a brain scientist at Hebrew University “will explore questions such as How should we treat Einstein’s legacy in the 21st century? And How do we explain his genius and understand his enormous contributions?”

2018: In honor of Black History Month, The Literary Guild of St. Simons Island, Inc, The Coastal Georgia Historical Society,Temple Beth Tefilloh and the College of Coastal Georgia are scheduled to host  a screening of “Rosenwald, a documentary of how two men, Julius Rosenwald and Booker T. Washington, in the early decades of the twentieth century, together helped finance and build 5,357 elementary schools for African American children throughout the segregated South.”

2018: At the University of Virginia, the Brody Center is scheduled to host “Bagels on the Lawn” followed in the evening by the “4th Year Seminar: Judaism and Post College Life.”

2018: Shlomo “Momo” Filber, “one of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s closest and longest-serving aides appeared ready to incriminate him today after agreeing overnight to become a government witness, the latest twist in a spiraling graft scandal that seemed to dim Mr. Netanyahu’s legal and political chances of survival almost by the hour.” (As reported by Isabel Kershner and David M. Halbfinger)

2018: Today, “the Israeli army revealed that the Military Intelligence Unit 8200 foiled an Islamic State attempt to bomb a flight from Australia last August.” (As reported by Judah Ari Gross)

2019: In Lafayette, CA, Cantor Leigh Korn who got his musical start at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA is scheduled to be joined by “his cantorial friends from around the U.S.” for a “Cantors’ Concert” at Temple Isaiah.

https://www.jweekly.com/event/cantors-concert/

2019: In San Francisco, “Jerusalem-based professor and political analyst Reuven Hazan” is scheduled to deliver a lecture “Making Sense of Israeli Politics” in which addresses the upcoming elections in Israel..

2019: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “a lecture on genealogy tools for those interested in researching Jewish community records and Jewish life in the Sephardi or Mizrahi Diaspora.”

2020: In Newton, MA, Temple Emanuel is scheduled to host a “Yiod’s roaring ‘20s Shabbat dinner” following Kabbalat Shabbat Services.

2020: The Vilna Shul, Boston’s Center for Jewish Culture is scheduled to host Kabbalat Shabbat service and dinner that includes the wit of comedian Noam Shuster-Eliassi.

2020: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host the traditional Friday Night Dinner followed by the “termly presidential elections.”

2020: Klezmatics co-founder and accordionist Lorin Sklamberg is scheduled to join Latvian singer Sasha Lurje and fiddler Craig Judelman for old folk ballads, Yiddish theater songs and more tonight at the Jefferson Center for the Arts.

2020: In San Francisco, the Contemporary Jewish Museum is scheduled to host “The Denim Sefer Torah Mantles at Sha’ar Zahav” during which Artist Avi Goldberg shares the story behind the unique Sha’ar Zahav Torah mantles that are included in the Levi Strauss exhibit.

2020: In Coralville, IA, “a chavurah of parents” is scheduled to meet for a Family Friday, which begins with a potluck vegetarian dinner complete with Mac and Cheese.




No comments: