331 BCE (21st of Kislev, 3431): According to the Talmud, Simeon the Just destroyed the Samaritan Temple at Mount Gerizim. The Samaritans had undermined the efforts during the post-exilic period and this move was as much about establishing political sovereignty as it was about wiping out a “high place” intended to compete with Jerusalem. The victory was marked by a minor festival called Mt. Gerizim Day.
284: Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. Diocletian began a policy of subdividing the various provinces of the Roman Empire into increasingly smaller administrative units. Palestine, the name the Romans gave to Eretz Israel, was divided into three territories: Palaestina Prima including Judea, Samaria, and the coastal plain, Iduemea and Peraea with Caesarea (the one on the Mediterranean that had played such a key role in the Great Revolt against Rome) as its capital; Palaestina Secunda, consisting of the Galilee and the Golan with Beth-shean (the city to which the ancient Philistines had taken King Saul’s decapitated body) as its capital; Palaestina Terita consisting primarily of the Negev with Petra as its capital. In a further division of powers, each of these new subdivisions had a military and a civilian head. All of the new bureaucrats who came with these new subdivisions took on aura of divinity connected in keeping with their role as representatives of the Divine Emperor. What it meant for the people of the empire was further subjugation and impoverishment. Diocletian was also the last of the Roman Emperors took actively persecute the Christians. His ultimate successor would adopt a policy that represented a 180 degree and would mark even worse times for the Jewish people.
542: The Nea Church which contains a the Madaba Map, the oldest surviving original cartographic depiction of the Holy Land and especially Jerusalem as part of its floor mosaic was dedicated today.
1194: Palermo, Sicily, is conquered by Emperor Henry VI. By the time of Henry’s conquest, Jews had been living on the island of Sicily for over a thousand years. Jews had been living in Palermo since the sixth century because we have evidence that in 590 “Pope Gregory the Great ordered the ecclesiastical authorities to reimburse the Jews of Palermo for the damage suffered by the expropriation of their synagogue.” Furthermore, just prior to the conquest, the famous traveler Benjamin of Tudela mentioned the Jewish community of Palermo in his writings.
1272: Edward I proclaimed King of England. Edward is remembered as the English king, who, after stripping the Jews of their wealth, expelled them from his realm in 1290.
1316: King John I of France died. His father, Louis X had issued a decree in 1315 allowing the Jews to return. We do not know how John felt about the Jews (or anything else for that matter) since he only lived for five days. We do know that the Jews were allowed to remain in France until the end of the 14th century when they were again expelled.
1316: King Phillip V, also called Phillip the Long or Phillip the Tall began his reign during which “300,000 men, headed by a deposed priest and a renegade monk began their desultory march to the Holy Land: which included ravaging the Jews of Navarre, slaying 6,000 Jews in Estella and laying siege to Verdun where the Jews took their own lives rather than the victims of this so-called “Shepherd’s Crusade”
1451: Pope Nicholas V issued an edict empower the bishop of Osma and the vicar of Salamana to appoint new inquisitors to examine the cases of "new-Christians suspected of Judaizing. The inquisitors were authorized to punish the convict, imprison them, confiscate their goods and disgrace them, to degrade even priests and hand them over to the secular arm - a church euphemism for condemning them to the heretic's stake
1521: All Jewish wine was dumped by Arabs and heavy fines imposed on the Jewish community of Jerusalem. The Arabs blamed the Jewish use of wine for a severe water shortage.
1600: Robert Wilson “the Elizabethan dramatist” who “is generally accepted as the author of The Three Ladies of London,” a play that portrayed Jews in a sympathetic light which went against the accepted view of them usurers and Shylocks passed away today.
1616: Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War. Richelieu was the power behind the throne during the reign of King Louis XIII. Any decree issued over the signature of Louis was probably written by Richelieu. While Jews had long been banished from France, exceptions were made. For example, when the French captured the city of Metz, a special letter was posted allowing the Jews to remain because their presence was a necessity for the good of the Kingdom. Furthermore, the ban against Jews was not enforced during Louis XIII’s reign in his overseas possessions. Once again, thanks to economic needs, in places such as Martinique, the Jews were allowed to settle while engaged in trade and practicing their faith.
1657: Manasseh Ben Israel passed away. Manasseh Ben Israel will always be remembered as the Jewish leader who negotiated with Oliver Cromwell to gain the right for Jews to settle in England.
1685: In Burlington, NJ, Elizabeth Harvey and John Day gave birth to Elizabeth Day, the wife of Thomas I. Branson with whom she had 13 children.
1772: In Philadelphia, PA, Sara Cohen and Henry Marks gave birth to Hyman Marks, the husband of Grace Siexas Judah with whom he had 7 children.
1775: In New York City, Rachel Mears and Moses Isaacks gave birth to Judah Isaacks.
1778: In Amsterdam, Belia Meijer Wolfe and Emanuel Levie Duitz gave birth to Elias Emanuel Duitz.
1785: “The earliest known Yiddish letter from the United States was written by Barnard Gratz of Philadelphia to his brother Michael in London today.
1789: New Jersey became the first state to ratify the amendments to the U.S. Constitution known as the Bill of Rights with its guarantee of Freedom of Religion. It would take another two years for the Bill of Rights to become part of the Constitution. Virginia would put it over the top in December of 1791.
1790: Governor of Georgia Edward Telfair authorized a charter for the "Parnas and Adjuntas of Mickve Israel at Savannah" under which the congregation still operates.
1796: David Levy married Hannah Solomons at the Great Synagogue today.
1808: During a debate on “Jewish emancipatory legislation Friedrich Leopold Freiherr von Schrötter, the Prussian minister of state and veteran of the Seven Years War, expressed his opinion about the demonstration of “Jewish valor on the battle field in which he said “The Jew has fiery oriental blood in his veins and vivid imagination, all indicative of virile courage, when utilized and carried into practice. He was very brave in the ancient and middle epochs and even in very recent times” during “the American as well as French Revolutionary Wars. The timidity of the Jews arises, according to my opinion, from the serfdom in which they are kept and from the contempt in which all nations regard them.”
1811: Moses Phillips married Esther Jacobs at the Great Synagogue today.
1816: Birthdate of Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin, the native of Mir, Belarus, who was “also known as Reb Hirsch Leib Berlin, and commonly known by the acronym Netziv amd was an Orthodox rabbi, dean of the Volozhin Yeshiva and author of several works of rabbinic literature in Lithuania.
1823: Birthdate of Baruch Hirsch Strousberg, the native of Neidenburg, East Prussia, who gained fame as Christian convert Bethel Henry Strousberg, the German industrialist who lost most of his railway empire following business reverses that took place after the Franco-Prussian War.
1827(1st of Kislev, 5588): Rosh Chodesh
1827: One day after she had passed away, 34 year old Sophia (Minden) Cohen the wife of Aaron Cohen, was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.
1829: The Jews were expelled from the Russian cities of Nikolayev and Sevastopol.
1833: Samuel Cohen married Hannah Phillips at the Great Synagogue today.
1836: Seventy year old Aaron Lazarus, who had married Ann Levy after his first wife Sophia Lehman had passed away, was buried today in the United Kingdom.
1842: Birthdate of Italian lawyer, editor and political leader Caser Porec.
1842: Morris Lee married Rebecca Duke today in the City of London
1845: Bolette Salomonsen and Zacharias Isaac Levy gave birth to Herman Levy who was buried in Denmark when he passed away in 1895.
1850: Birthdate of Joseph Samuel Bloch, an Austrian rabbi, who aggressively fought August Rohling, one of the leading Austrian anti-Semites – a stand which resulted in his being elected to the Chamber of Deputies.
1850: In Columbia, SC, Rabbi P.S. Jacobs officiated at the wedding of Jacob Levin and Julia Mordecai.
1856: Birthdate of Piemonte, Italy native and coal dealer Pacifico Ghiron the husband of Ida Dolce Foa Ghiron and the father of Anna Ghiron Fubini.
1857: In Westphalia, German Solomon Spiegel and Rosalie Herzberg gave birth to Cincinnati trained lawyer Frederick S. Spiegel, the husband of Minnie Steinberg who became a Judge of Court of Common Pleas in the 1st Judicial District of Ohio.
1858: The Executive Committee of the Representatives of the United Congregations of Israelites of the City of New York addressed a letter to President James Buchanan concerning the Mortara Case. The letter included reference to the letter sent by London Committee of Deputies of British Jews “to their brethren in the United States” seeking their support in having the boy who was kidnapped in Bologna returned to his family. The letter informed the President of the support being offered by several European nations and of plans to hold a public meeting to enlist public support in the United States. The committee reminded President Buchanan of the prompt action taken by President Van Buren in 1840 when he was asked to intervene to aid the persecuted Jews of Damascus and expressed the hope that he would do the same.
1858: At Vienna, Dr. of Jurisprudence Gustav Fruend and Rosa Fruend gave birth to Dr. of Jurisprudence Hugo Freund.
1858(13th of Kislev, 5619): Hirsch Edelman, the native of White Russia, who worked at Oxford’s Bodelian Library where he produced several works on of the most famous of which was Derekh Tovim: The Path of Good Men, “a compilation of writings by Judah ibn Tibbon and Maimonides along with Arabic and Greek proverbs in Hebrew” passed away today.
1859: In Lancaster, PA, Moses Aaron and his wife gave birth to Israel Aaron the graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College who served as a rabbi at Fort Wayne, Indiana, before filling the pulpit at Temple Beth Zion in Buffalo, NY.
1859: In Chicago, Jacob Alschuler and his wife gave birth to attorney Samuel Alschuler, the Democratic state legislator who lost in elections for Congress (1892) and governor of Illinois (1900).
1863: During the Civil War, Philadelphian Albert M. Sigmund completed his service as an Assistant Surgeon with the 38th Regiment.
1864(21st of Cheshvan, 5625): Fifty-year old Jacob Ezekiel Lowy, the nation of Austrian Silesia passed at Beuthen where he had been serving as rabbi since 1854.passed away today.
1869: In Kalwaria, Poland, Nehemiah Spectorsky and Hannah Leah Hirschberg give birth to Isaac Spectorsky, the husband of Frances Hurwitz and graduate of the “New York University School of Pedagogy” who was superintendent of the Education Alliance in New York and assistant principal of the Baron de Hirsch Trade School as well as the editor of the Cleveland Jewish Free Press and the author of Yiddish Method of English for Immigrants.
1870: It was reported today that Robert C. De Large, a mulatto with a Jewish father has defeated Mr. C.C. Bowen in the race for the Second Congressional District in South Carolina. A Republican, Mr. De Large “combines the shrewdness of the Jew with the intuitive cleverness of the negro…”
1874: Thirty-two year old Joseph Naphthaly, the Prussian born son of Samuel and Julia Naphthaly and San Francisco lawyer and his wife Sarah, “the daughter of Blaize L. and Pauline Schhmitt” gave birth to Samuel Leon, their first born child.
1877: In “Suwalki, Poland,” Louis and Rebecca Goldstein Rosenthal, gave birth to Elizabeth “Lizzie” Rosenthal who became Elizabeth Feinberg when she married Moses Feinberg.
1880: It was reported today that the Purim Association will be hosting a ball in March at the Academy of Music “for the benefit of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.”
1880: In Germany, the members of the government are expected to face questioning from deputies about anti-Semitic “agitation” that has been taken place.
1880: According to a referee’s reported filed today described the sham by Henry Cone, Abraham Altman, Emanuel Levi and the Third National that enabled them to gain control of the Buffalo clothing firm Friedman & Co owned by Jacob and Burnet Friedman.
1881: It was reported today that “the King of Denmark has knighted four Jews in Jutland.”
1881: A resolution was adopted by a group at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum to hold a meeting on November 27 to discuss ways to deal with the unprecedented demand on resources being created by the arrival of the wave of immigrants from Russia.
1883: The Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum held its second annual charity ball tonight.
1884: Birthdate of Norman Thomas social reformer and frequent Socialist candidate for President of the United States. Thomas was not Jewish but he was active in numerous causes that affected the Jewish People. He was a founder of the American Civil Liberties Union. As a member of the America First Committee he opposed America’s entry into World War II until Pearl Harbor changed his mind. At the same time, he worked to change American policy during the 1930’s to make it possible for Jewish victims of the Nazis to enter the United States.
1885: It was reported today that while the Reform movement has approved substituting Sunday services for Saturday services, such will not be the case in Cincinnati, Ohio. Rabbi Wise, who spoke approvingly of the change said that it was not necessary to make the change in the Queen City.
1886: Birthdate of Alexandre Stavisky, the Ukrainian born French financer whose elaborate swindle gave rise to the infamous Stavisky Affair, a scandal that rocked France in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s.
1886: Birthdate of Hungarian native James Eugene Tischler who in 1895 came to the United States where he later became a Notary Public in Ft. Wayne Indiana.
1886: It was reported today that the recent decision of the Supreme Court that “affirmed the illegality of keeping open a shop on Sunday “for the purpose of doing business’” will work an extra hardship on Jewish merchants. The police had allowed them keep their shops open on Sunday “on the supposition” that because they observed the Sabbath on Saturday they were not covered by the law. Rabbi Solomon Schindler has already chaired a packed meeting at the Columbus Avenue Synagogue on this subject. The Jews will comply with the law but will work to have the legislature change it in the next session.
1886(22nd of Cheshvan, 5647): After having been struck by a Hansom cab, 54 year old artist Rebecca Solomon passed away today.
1887: “Miss Adams, The Writer” published today traces the life and career of Hannah Adams, the first American woman to earn her living as an author. Her works included The History of the Jews which was published in 1812. The full title was The History of the Jews from the Destruction of Jerusalem to the Present Time and it may be the first book on this topic published in the United States.
1887: “Reading From Right to Left” published today relied on information that first appeared in the Hebrew Journal to speculate as to way Hebrew is read from right to left. “The most pertinent reason lies in the fact that our vision from right to left is much clearer and stronger than it is from left to right.”
1887: “Emma Lazarus” published today provided a laudatory obituary of the Jewish poet who passed away yesterday.
1887: Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler delivered a lecture to the congregants at Temple Beth-El entitled “Prejudice.”
1888: A concert was given tonight at the Metropolitan Opera House to raise money for the Aguilar Free Library, an institution supported by the leading Jews of New York City.
1888(16th of Kislev, 5649): Forty-seven year old Mitchell J. Asch, the “son of Clarissa and Joseph M. Asch” and the husband of “Manuella Asch” passed away in New York.
1888: As the Third Republic continued to be torn apart by competing factions “Count Munster, the German Ambassador in Paris” reported to his government in Berlin that Baron Hirsch, the Jewish financier and philanthropist was willing to put “a few million” down in support of General Ernest Boulanger “the man on White Horse” who had risen to power originally with the support of one of the sons of the former Orlean kings.
1888(16th of Kislev, 5649): Simon Lederer, a prominent New York merchant passed away today. Born in Austria in 1823, he came to the United States in 1857 where he pursued a 17 year career in the tobacco business first with Gustav Resiman and then as a partner in Bondy & Lederer. A life-long bachelor, he was a generous but modest supporter of Jewish charities.
1889: Gustav Mahler’s 1st Symphony premiered. Mahler was born Jewish and was still nominally Jewish when he wrote the First Symphony. He converted to Roman Catholicism in 1897 so that he could become Director of the State Opera.
1889: Birthdate of “German textile merchant and manufacturer Karl Amson Joel who fled the Nazis via Switzerland and Cuba and was the “grandfather of conductor Alexander Joel and musician Billy Joel.”
1889(26th of Cheshvan, 5650): Sixty-seven year old Dutch bibliographer Meyer Roest who “to various Jewish periodicals, such as the Dutch Spectator and the Taalkundig Magazin, and edited the (non-Jewish) Navorscher and Israelietische Nieuwsbode for several years and whose best known work is Catalog der Hebraica und Judaica aus der L. Rosenthal'schen Bibliothek passed away in his native Amsterdam today.
1890: As the “run” on Citizens’ Saving Bank, located on the Lower East Side with a large number of poor, Jewish depositors, it was suggested “that Chief Rabbi Joseph be invited to examine the thousands of dollars in the bank’s vault and then tell his people what he had seen” – a move that the Bank President hoped would reassure the depositors and end the run.
1890: In Richmond, VA, “Philip and Mary (Meyer)” gave birth to dentist Harry Bear, the first graduate of the School of Dentistry at Virginia Common University to serve as its dean and the husband of Betty Gellman.
1892 (1st of Kislev, 5653): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1892(1st of Kislev, 5653): Seventy-two year old Haim Nathan Dembitzer the Galician rabbi and historian who worked with historian Heinrich Graetz and whose publications include a biography of Tosafist Joseph Porat passed away today.
1892: The Hebrew Orphan Asylum Military Band is scheduled to play at a fundraiser at Central Turn Hall which will be addressed by Ferdinand Levy, Judge Henry M. Goldfogle and Dr. Herman Baar, the Superintendent of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum
1892: A service is scheduled to take place this morning at Temple Emanu-El to honor the memory of the recently deceased Seligman Adler.
1892: “Russia and Her Jews” published today provided a detailed review of The New Exodus” a Study of Israel in Russia by Harold Frederic a Presbyterian journalist and novelist who had just visited Russia last summer.
1893: As of today the tenants at 59, 61, 63, and 65 Moore Street, all of whom are Russian Jews are to have vacated the premises as ordered the Civil Justice in Brooklyn.
1894(21st of Cheshvan, 5655): Russian born pianist and composer Anton Rubinstein passed away.
1894: Birthdate of English film composer and music director, Louis Levy.
1894: Pauline and George Washington Milius gave birth to Dorothy Milius who was the wife of “Sidney Walter Kaufman and Sidney Salkey.”
1894: Birthdate of Austrian screenplay writer Carl Mayer who, with the rise of the Nazis, fled to Britain where he would die young, poor and almost completely forgotten.
1893: Twenty-three year old Harvard graduate Jesse Isidor Straus, the New York born son of Isidor Straus and the former Rosalie Ida Blum, who became an executive with Macy’s and American Ambassador to France, today married Irma Nathan.
1896: Birthdate of Rakhel Peisoty, the native of the Ukraine who gained fame as American labor leader Rose Pesotta best known for her work with the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union.
1896: “Rachel Frank of California, the only woman rabbi who is famous as the ‘inspired prophet’ of the Jews on the Pacific Coat” was “conspicuous among” the delegates at the just completed first convention of the National Council of Jewish Women
1896: As the first convention of the National Council of Jewish Women during which Joseph Jacobs of London gave an address in which he said “The future of Judaism lies with Jewish woman and Mrs. Hannah G. Solomon was elected president came to an end.
1896: Professor H. L Sabsovich, the General Agent of the Baron De Hirsch Fund officiated at the service dedicating the new synagogue in Woodbine, NJ, a colony settled by Russian-Jews. The service included a sermon in English by Rabbi Sabato Morris and a sermon in German by Dr. Morris Jastrow.
1896: Birthdate of Russian author Yevgenia Ginzburg.
1897: The Beni Zion Association is scheduled to meet at 7:30 p.m. in King’s Hall in London
1898: A summary of the United Hebrew Charities report for October revealed that the society had processed 2,243 applications that would provide assistance to 7,477 people.
1898(6th of Kislev, 5659): Fifty-five year old Emanuel Wachenheim passed away tonight at Bellevue after he had brought to the hospital from the Victor Hotel where he had registered under an assumed name and may have tried to take his own life.
1898: Birthdate of “German textile merchant and manufacturer” Karl Amson Joel, “the grandfather of conductor Alexander Joel” and pop-star Billy Joel.
1898: Vice President Maruice Untermyer gave the opening address at the formal dedication of “the new home of the Hebrew Infant Asylum” which included a performance by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Band.
1899: Birthdate of Bohemian born “Austrain-Swiss ophthalmologist and inventor” Hans Goldmann. (Some sources show November 21 as his birthdate)
1901: At the opening meeting of the Second New York State Conference of Charities and Correction, Rabbi Adolph Radin of the People’s Synagogue and Chaplain of the House of Refuge arose from his chair and said, “I wish to register…my protest in the name of justice and humanity against the action of the Juvenile Asylum” to which “Jewish children are sent…and after a brief period are sent to Christian families.” He compared this form of proselytism to the practices of Czar Nicholas II.
1901: A devastating fire broke out a four story brick factory building in Brooklyn, the top floor of which was occupied by Isadore Gerber’s sweatshop.
1902: “The Jewish Theological Seminary held its first public gathering this evening in the hall of the Young Men's Hebrew Association at Lexington Avenue ad Ninety-Second Street. Prof. Solomon Schechter, the professor at Cambridge University, England, who is known for his archaeological work in the Genizah of Cairo, made his inaugural address as President of the Faculty of the new seminary.” Dr. Cyrus Adler, President of the Board of Trustees, followed with a speech that outlined the development of Jewish educational institutions in the United States.
1903: Birthdate of journalist and co-editor of the Menorah, Herbert Solow who began as a Bolshevik and ended up working for Henry Luch.
1905: “Says President Can Act” published today includes a challenge by Charles Fleisher a Boston Rabbi to the notion that there is nothing President Roosevelt can do to help the Jews of Russia saying that “if both as an individual and the representative of 80,000,000 people consecrated to decency and brotherhood, Mr. Roosevelt express with character vigor the indignant protest of America, then the Czar cannot choose but take notice.
1905: Oscar S. Straus presided over The National Committee for the Relief of Sufferers by Russian Massacre held a meeting today in Temple Emanu-El during which reports were read by Treasurer Jacob H. Schiff, Secretary Cyrus L. Sulzberger “and the various trade committees that have been soliciting funds.
1905: As of today, the Jewish Relief Fund for the victims of the Russian massacres has reached the $500,000 dollar mark including $152 from the Jewish community in Hamilton, Ohio, $20 from Congregation Temple Israel in Portsmouth, N.H., $111 from the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of Ybar City, FL and $93 from the Orthodox Jews of Wichita, KS,
1905: It was reported today that in England “at a good many churches preachers have made references to the Russian atrocities” and that a number of congregations have adopted “formal resolutions expressing sorrow and shame that in the name of Christ’s religion and in a Christian county such acts of fiendish cruelty have been perpetrated.
1905: It was reported today that National Committee collecting money for the relief of the Russian Jews who are being massacred has raised $498,651 including $500 from “the Jews of Bradford, PA,” $200 from Dr. Morris Skalmer, West Colfax Settlement, Denver, Colorado,” $93 from the “Orthodox Jews of Wichita, Kansas and $112 from the Canton Hebrew Congregation, Canton, Ohio.
1907(14th of Kislev, 5668): Forty two year old New York City native Samuel A. Tuska, the 1884 graduate of CCNY and “member of Heller, Hirsh & Co” who was a trustee of both the Aguilar Free Library society and the Society for Ethical Culture passed away today.
1908: The Grand Vizir of Morocco sent a letter to President of the Alliance Israelite Universelle approving educational work and stating that the new Sultan is resolved to protect Jews.
1909: In Berlin, “architect Alfred Breslauer” and “Dorothea Lessing, the daughter of art historian Julius Lessing gave birth to Marianne Breslauer, the noted photographer who left Germany rather than have work published under a pseudonym and the wife of Walter Feilchenfeldt whom she met in Holland.
1909(7th of Kislev, 5670):Parashat Vayetzei
1909(7th of Kislev, 5670): Mrs. Schore Shapiro passed away today.
1909: The University of Michigan led by halfback Joseph “Joe” Magidsohn, “the first Jewish athlete to win a varsity ‘M’” who was the “first athlete known to have refused to compete on the Jewish High Holy Days” defeated the University of Minnesota today.
1909: The One-hundredth anniversary of the death of Moses Mendes Seixas was observed at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in New York. Gershom Mendes Seixas was the first native-born rabbi in the United States. He was one of seven children of Rachel and Isaac Seixas. He was born in New York City on January 15, 1746. He was the first rabbi in America to give his sermons in English. He gave sermons which dealt with Jewish participation in the life of the state and made appeals for support of the American Revolution and against the British-Indian raids in the Northwest Territory. When the council members of Philadelphia made eligibility for an assembly seat dependent on professing the divine origin of the New Testament, he and other Jews fought against this unconstitutional religious test.
1911: In Munich, Bruno Walter conducted the premiere of Mahler’s Das Lied von der Erde.
1911: The Hebrew Congress meeting in Lemberg, Galicia came to a close.
1911: As American indignation over the Russian treatment of American Jews in Russia continued to grow, members of the “Progressive Order of the West” petitioned Missouri Governor Herbert Hadley to “write to President Taft” asking him to “take action on the Passport Question.”
1911: Missouri Governor Hadley wrote to President Taft “advocating the abrogation of the Treaty of 1832” with Russia.
1911: It was reported today that in Camden, NJ, the Hebrew school will shortly open a course for girls since it now successfully is conducting three classes for male students.
1911: In Warsaw, “Regina and Benjamin Szymin, a respected publisher of Yiddish and Hebrew Books” gave birth to David Syzmin who gained fame as David Seymour famed photographer and co-founder of Magnum Photos.
1912: Lee K. Frankel of New York, Simon Rosendale of Albany, and William M. Rosendale of New York attended the second day of New York State Conference of Charities and Correction at Syracuse, NY.
1912: The Alliance Israelite Universelle New York branch which is led by its President Kaufman Mandell issued an appeal for aid on behalf “of our brethren who have been left homeless and falling victim to Cholera” as a result of the “massacres and devastations of the Balkan War” in which thousands of more Jews have lost their lives.
1913: Arnold Schoenberg completed the opera "Die glückliche Hand" ("The Hand of Fate")
1913: Birthdate of Charles Bettelheim, a French economist and historian and founder of the Center for the Study of Modes of Industrialization (CEMI).
1913: Birthdate of Leo Hanin, the native of Vilna who found refuge in China and Japan before finally making Aliyah in 1948
1913: Birthdate of Professor Henry A. Fischel, the noted linguist who played a key role in the founding of the Jewish Studies Program at Indiana University
1914: “For the Relief of Jews” published today urged donors making contributions to The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews to send them to Treasurer Harry Fischel at the World Building.
1915(13th of Kislev, 5676): In Chicago, Dr. Adolf Decker a physician and chess champion passed away.
1915: The New York County Chapter of the Red Cross of which Jacob H. Schiff is Treasurer “issued a Thanksgiving appeal for further funds for work in Europe.”
1915: “A Great Thinker” published today described Dr. Cyrus Adler’s view of his friend and colleague, Dr. Solomon Schechter of blessed memory which included his statement that Schechter’s “most notable scientific discovery was the great find of the Hebrew treasures in the so-called Genizah at Cairo, Egypt which was the greatest single discovery of ancient manuscripts that has ever been made by one man” and that included “the lost original of the Hebrew text of Ecclesisasticus.”
1916: According to reports published today the new facility of the Young Men’s and the Young Women’s Hebrew Association being built in Brooklyn “is the first of its type to provide equal accommodations for men and women” and will be “equipped with two gymnasiums and swimming pools
1916: Birthdate of Lilian Halpernova, who was transported from Prague in 1942 to Ujazdow where she was murdered.
1917: “The Chicago Woman’s Aid” is schedule to “hold its next regular meeting today at 2:00 p.m. at Sinai Center.”
1917: “Approximately five thousand men and women composing the 1917 Committee For Six Thousand” are scheduled to “attend the Opening Dinner Rally at the Standard Club” this evening which will mark the “launcing of the Ten Day Campaign to raise additional funds for the Associated Charities” in Chicago.
1917(5th of Kislev, 5678): Caroline "Carrie" Goldman Bendel, the daughter of Lewis and Sarah Peterson Goldman and the wife of Edward Henry Bendel passed away today after which she was interred in the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation Cemetery.
1917: As the Empire of Russia collapses, the Ukraine declares itself an independent republic. In the ensuing civil war, as many as 100,000 Jews may have been killed in organized pogroms or by forces competing for control who had one thing in common --- anti-Semitism.
1917: “The Woman’s Society of Zion Congregation” is scheduled to act as “hostess to the Jewish women of the sixty-three organizations affiliated with the ‘Chicago Conference’’ this afternoon at the Zion Temple on Ogden Avenue and Washington Boulevard.
1917: Nathan Straus, Henry Morgenthau and Jacob Schiff were among those who attended a meeting tonight where plans were discussed for the upcoming campaign in which New Yorkers were aiming to raise five million dollars for Jewish Relief and for the Jewish Welfare Board in the United Army and Navy.
1917: In Palestine, during the Battle of Nebi Samwil, which was part of the British offensive designed to capture Jerusalem, the 75th Division advanced along water-logged muddy roads and seized the villages of Saris and Kuryet el Enab which had been held by a rearguard detachment which meant the main body of the Ottoman Army was still waiting for them.
1917: In Johannesburg, SA, those attending “a mass meeting” adopted a resolution “favoring the establishment of a national home for Jews in Palestine” and “thanking the Imperial Government for its sympathy and support” in attaining this end.
1918: In “Palestine Needs Aid” published today an appeal was made for the “contributions of clothing for men, women and children for immediate ship to Palestine” where “an epidemic of pneumonia is threatening the population of Galilee who are facing the cold weather in a practically naked condition.”
1918: Rabbi Joseph Silverman is scheduled to officiate at the funeral of Civil War veteran and successful Peoria (Illinois) businessman Captain Joseph B. Greenhut this morning at 10 o’clock at Temple Emanuel with burial at Salem Field Cemetery.
1920(9th of Kislev, 5681): Parashat Vayetzei
1920”Rabbi Max Reichler is scheduled to deliver a sermon this morning on “The Pursuit of Happiness” at Sinai of the Bronx this morning
1920: Rabbi Samuel Schulman is scheduled to deliver the sermon this morning at Temple Beth-El at 5th Avenue and 76th Street.
1921(20th of Cheshvan, 5682): Seventy-seven year old David Zvi Hoffmann passed away today in Berlin.
1922: The Conference of Lausanne, one of the many peace conferences held to windup World War I which was covered by Albert Karasu opened today. Born in 1885 in Ottoman Salonika, he went to school in Switzerland before returning to Istanbul where he founded Le Journal d’Orient which survived until 1971, 11 years before Karasu passed away.
1923: In Springs, Transvaal, Union of South Africa, Isidore Gordimer, a Jewish immigrant watchmaker from Žagarė and Hannah "Nan" (Myers) Gordimer gave birth to Nadine Gordimer, a South African Jewish novelist and writer, winner of the 1991 Nobel Prize in literature and 1974 Booker Prize. Gordimer was educated at an Anglican convent school. Thereafter she studied for a year at Witwatersrand University, but did not complete her degree. During the 1960s and 1970s she taught at several universities in the United States. She drew praise for her demand that South Africa re-examine and replace its long held policy of apartheid. As such, most of her works deal with the moral and psychological tensions of her racially divided home country. Her first novel, The Lying Days, was published in 1953. A founding member of the Congress of South African Writers, Gordimer has been awarded numerous honorary degrees, as well as France's Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.
1924: Birthdate of mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot. Mandelbrot is a leading proponent of fractal geometry. He is Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Emeritus at Yale University and IBM Fellow Emeritus at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center.
1925: “Countess Maritza” a silent film with a script by Max Glass was released today in Germany.
1925: In Moscow, Rachel Messerer-Plisetskaya, a silent-film actress and “Mikahil ‘Misha’ Plisetski, a diplomat and engineer” gave birth to “ballet dancer, choreographer, ballet director, and actress Maya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya.”
1925: Birthdate of Robert F. Kennedy who was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan in 1968 be he was supposedly upset because Kennedy was a supporter of the state of Israel.
1928: Birthdate of “Sgt. Alec ‘Moishe’ Freedman,” the native of Stepney-Middlesex who was wounded when the 1st Battalion Leicestershires attacked Hill 317 “on the night of November 6th, 1951.”
1928: “For the first time in the history of the Zionist movement in America, 150 leaders of the Zionist and non-Zionist facts met at a dinner” tonight at the Hotel Astor” where “they discussed plans for the intensive development of Palestine as the national home of the Jews and joined in praising Dr. Chaim Weizmann…for his recent achievement in healing the split between Zionists and non-Zionists.”
1929: Birthdate of Joyce Beber (née Sacks) the yesihiva student turned advertising executive who co-founded Beber Silverstein & Partners and created numerous memorable campaigns for the Helmsley group of hotels, which successfully promoted Leona Helmsley and her hotel chain, but led to her being hired and fired four times by Helmsley.
1929: Rabbi Judah P. Magnes declares that Palestine must be a place for Christians, Moslems and Jews. He sees Palestine as an international home for people of all three faiths and calls for “the renunciation of all ideas of Jewish political domination” along with the development of “cultural Zionism.”
1929: Today, Gertrude Berg's popular radio program, The Goldbergs, about an upwardly mobile American Jewish family debuted on NBC radio.
1933(2nd of Kislev): Rabbi Moses Mordecai Epstein, author of Levush Mordecai, passed away today.
1934: Lillian Hellmann’s "Children's Hour," premieres in New York City.
1934: The Hartford Symphony Orchestra, which Fritz Mahler served as music director from 1953-1962 performed for the first time tonight.
1934: After Nazi students interrupted his lectures, Felix Hausdoff stopped teaching his Calculus III course during the winter semester.
1935: Benito Mussolini, Hitler’s partner in the original “Axis of evil” “declared government control of all the gold in Italy.”
1935: In Michigan, Miriam Meckler-Horowitz, a piano teacher, and Ben Meckler, an English teacher, in Detroit, gave birth to Ruth Meckler who gained fame as pianist Ruth Laredo.
1935: King Levinsky, who had recently been knocked out by a youthful Joe Louis, “fought professional wrestler Ray Steele in a bout that attracted national interest.”
1936: William Green, the President of the American Federation of Labor today “protested again the persecution of the Jews in Germany by the Hitler government voicing indignation against the attacks on a race which had committed no wrong and which, during the centuries, ‘has made its contribution toward freedom and the spiritual welfare of the world.’”
1936: At Temple Emanu-El, Rabbi Samuel H. Godenson is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “The Stone That Became the Altar.”
1936: At the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall, author Marvin Lowenstein is schooled to deliver an address on “The Jews of Germany.”
1936: At Temple Rodeph Shalom, Rabbi Louis I Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon “Where is the Gates of Heaven?”
1936: In Perth Amboy, NJ, Murray Goldstein and the former Evelyn Bier gave birth to Charles Arthur Goldstein a successful attorney who worked to recover Holocaust art.
1936: Today, Premier Benito Mussolini sent money and an invitation to come to Italy to the Polish-Jeish student Janien Berg, who has been unable to finish his studies” in Warsaw “because of anti-Semitic riots.
1937(16th of Kislev, 5698): Parashat Vayhishlach
1937: In Detroit, Michigan, “Miriam Meckler-Horowitz, a piano teacher, and Ben Meckler, an English teacher” gave birth to Ruth Meckler who gained fame as concert pianist Ruth Laredo, the wife of violinist Jamie Laredo.
1938: Father Coughlin made the first of his many anti-Semitic attacks on his radio show. Using Nazi documents, American radio commentator Father Charles Coughlin contends that Jews are responsible for Russian communism and for Germany's problems. All of Coughlin's radio programs are approved by his archdiocese as not contradicting Catholic faith or morals. Some Catholics protest Coughlin's broadcasts, including Chicago's Cardinal George Mundelein, but most of the American Church is silent.
1939: In what had been Poland, the Nazi Generalgouvernement blocked all bank accounts held by Jews. Withdrawals were limited to thirty dollars per month.
1939: In a letter bearing today’s date sent to Representative Martin Dies, Chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities, Harry A. Jung, honorary general manager of the American Vigilant Intelligence Federation wrote that he had never corresponded with Oscar C. Pfaus, “director of a Nazi propaganda agency called Ficte Bund” or “anyone else about going on any publication board for an alleged Nazi magazine”
1940: Britain announced a more stringent policy aimed at Jews trying to enter Palestine illegally. Jews found on ships running the British blockade will not be allowed to enter Palestine. They will be taken to an undetermined colonial destination where they will be imprisoned until the end of the war. At that time, there final destination, which will not be Palestine or the site of the imprisonment will be determined.
1940: The Jewish Agency informed Prime Minister Churchill of the inhumane conditions under which Jewish detainees are being held on the island of Mauritius.
1940: In Manhattan, attorney Walter J. Loria and his wife Ruth gave birth Jerry Loria, the art dealer who bought the Miami Marlins major league baseball team.
1940: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers. This is the first step on the long road which will belatedly bring the Holocaust to the Jews of Hungary including Nobel Prize Winner Elie Weisel.
1940: In Vienna, in his talk with Hitler Hungarian Prime Minister Teleki “brought up the Jewish question” saying “that when peace was concluded the Jews would have to be moved out of Europe” to which Hitler “replied that he regards the solution of the Jewish question for Europe as one of the biggest problems of peace”
1941(30th of Cheshvan, 5702): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1941(30th of Cheshvan, 5702): Approximately 7000 Jews from Minsk, Belorussia, are killed at nearby Tuchinka.
1942 (11th of Kislev, 5703): Rechaviah Lewin-Epstein, who was in charge of the economic work of the American Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs died in Cairo today at the age of 49 while on his way to Palestine to continue his work. Mr. Lewin-Epstein, the son of author and Zionist leader Elias W. Lewin-Epstein, established The Bureau of American Economic Committee for Palestine an organization he headed until 1938. He returned to New York in 1939 after he had “facilitated the settlement of thousands of refugees in agriculture, industry and trade” in Palestine.
1942: U.S. premiere of “Strictly in the Groove” featuring Shemp Howard
1942: Birthdate of folk singer Norman Greenbaum.
1943: Facing withering fire from Japanese artillery and machine guns, U.S. Marines land on Tarawa. This bloody battle provides part of the backdrop for “Battle Cry,” the World War II novel by Leon Uris.
1943: This afternoon several hundred residents of Tel Aviv protested the search that had been carried out at Ramat Hakovesh. The protesters also demanded the release of men who had been arrested during the search.
1943: “Winged Victory,” a play originally created and produced by the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II as a morale booster and as a fundraiser for the Army Emergency Relief Fund” with a script by Moss Hart that “tells the story of a group of recruits struggling to make it through pilot training” opened in New York at the Forty-Fourth Street Theatre today and became a smash hit, playing to over 350,000 people in 226 performances.
1943: Madeline Dreyfus who had chosen to remain in France as part of the Resistance instead of joining most of her family in the United States was sent to Auschwitz. Her grandmother Lucie Eugénie Hadamard, Colonel Dreyfus’ widow stayed with her. She would be hidden in a convent, survive the war and not pass away until 1945.
1943: The Nazis auction off the furniture and household possessions of the family of Isak Plesansky in an example of how the property of Norwegian Jews “mysteriously” disappeared.
1944: Forty-five year old anti-Nazi resistance leader Leo Drabent who had been arrested by the Gestapo along with his wife and eight other comrades was” guillotined at the Brandenburg-Gorden Prison” today.
1944(4th of Kislev, 5705): Havivah Reik and Rafael Reiss, together with a group of captured Jews, were murdered in the Kremnica forest by the Germans and their Slovakian fascist collaborators. They dumped the bodies into a large ditch that served as a mass, unmarked grave.
1944: “The special People’s Court sentenced “Hans Neumann, Leo Drabant, his wife along with eight other resistance members” “to death because they had ‘attempted to destroy the resistance of the German People…”
1944(4th of Kislev, 5705):Haviva Reik was captured and executed by the Nazis and members of the Ukrainian Waffen SS. Born in 1914, she was one of four volunteers from the Yishuv in Eretz Israel who parachuted into Slovakia to help the uprising against the Nazis. In September 1944 she succeeded in helping the Jews who were left in Banska Bystresis. When it fell they moved into the mountains with other Jewish partisans. Kibbutz Lahavot Haviva and the Givat Haviva center are dedicated to her memory.1945: Twenty-four Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal at Nuremberg in which Colonel Benjamin Kaplan, “who later became a Harvard law professor and served nine years on the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court” played a key role in crafting the indictment.
1945: Birthdate of Deborah Eisenberg, an American short-story writer, actor and teacher who is the long-time companion of actor Wallace Shawn.
1945: Joseph Newman wrote to the War Office today to ask why the Gestapo had released Denise Desvaux so quickly, how did they know that Isidore Newman was a British officer and had she betrayed him to the Nazis.
1946(26th of Cheshvan, 5707): Sixty-two year old Russian born, NYU trained attorney Samuel Mandelbaum who had been serving as federal judge since 1936 passed away today.
1946: As tensions rise in Palestine, a bomb exploded in Jerusalem.
1947: The New York Times includes a review of The Victim, Saul Bellow’s novel about Asa Leventhal, “a frightened and lonely, man.”
1947: "Meet the Press" makes network TV debut on NBC. The popular television news show began as a radio program in 1945, produced by Lawrence Spivak. A panel of four news people interviewed a prominent leader of the day. When the show shifted to television, Spivak was the permanent panel member and some time served as moderator.
1947: Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest," premieres in New York City.
1947: It was reported today that Lessing J. Rosenwald, the President of the American Council of Judaism, has expressed his strong opposition to “plans to establish the American Jewish Conference on a permanent basis to coordinate all Jewish activities in this country.” The American Council of Judaism was a leading anti-Zionist Jewish organization in the United State.
1947: British diplomat Sir Alexander Cadogan delivered his country’s response to United Nations General Assembly’s Committee on the Palestine.
1948: “The Little Ballerina” a British drama featuring Anthony Newley was released in Sweden today.
1948: In New York City, “high school counselor Claire Masure” and her husband who was a pharmacist gave birth to actor Richard Masur who “served two terms as president of the Screen Actors Guild.”
1948: “An unarmed RAF photo-reconnaissance De Havilland Mosquito of No. 13 Squadron RAF was shot down by an Israeli Air Force P-51 Mustang flown by American volunteer Wayne Peake as it flew over the Galilee towards Hatzor Airbase. Peake opened fire with his cannons, causing a fire to break out in the port engine. The aircraft turned to sea and lowered its altitude, then exploded and crashed off Ashdod.” Both members of the crew were killed. (So much for the myth of British neutrality in the Middle East.
1948: The first preliminary armistice talks begin when William E. Riley, chief UN truce observer, meets separately with Israel Foreign Office officials and Egyptian commander Fouad Sadeh Bey.
1948: Dr. Philip C. Jessup announces U.S. policy regarding peace talks in the Palestine including a proviso that any changes in Israel’s boundaries must be agreed to by the Jewish state and a willingness to examine some parts of Count Bernadotte’s plan including the internationalization of Jerusalem.
1949: The Jewish population of Israel reached one million.
1951: Lewis L. Strauss addressed the second annual convocation of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York City. Dr. James Conant, President of Harvard, Dr. A. Whitney Griswold, President of Yale and Arthur Hays Sulzberger, president and publisher of The New York Times, received honorary degrees of Doctor of Letters. (Sulzberger was the Jewish member of the trio).
1951: Dr. Simon Greenberg, vice chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary conferred the degree of Doctor of Hebrew Literature on Rabbi Shraga Abramson, a visiting lecturer on the Talmud.
1951(21st of Cheshvan, 5712): Seventy-five year old Russian native Philip Davis, whose education at the University of Chicago, Harvard and Boston University Law School led him into the fields of social work, the law and motion pictures where he served as the President of the National Motion Bureau “from 1914 to 1940” passed away today.
1952: The Slánský trials- a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials - began in Czechoslovakia. The Slansky trials take their name from Rudolf Slansky. “A veteran of revolutionary of Jewish origin, he had served as Secretary of the Czech Communitys Party. Slansky was accused of spying for American imperialism, for the State of Israel and for the Zionist movement; allegedly he was a link in a chain of treachery” designed to undermine the authority of the Socialist Revolution i.e. Stalin and the Soviets. “Fifteen years later this affair was officially declared to have been a despicable slander, the whole affair having been fabricated by Soviet security agents working in Czechoslovakia.”
1955: Dr. Cari Alpert, special assistant to Yaakov Dori, president of the Technion (Israel’s answer to MIT) “said a permanent peace between Israel and the Arab states would result in the opening of Technion’s doors to Arab students.
1957: Morton Wishengrad's "Rope Dancers," premieres in New York City. Wishengrad was raised on New York’s Lower East Side by his Orthodox Jewish father. Wishengrad was not particularly interested in maintaining his Jewish identity which was rather ironic because, in 1944, he became the first script writer for the radio show, “The Eternal Light” produced by the Jewish Theological Seminary.
1959: WABC fires Jewish disc jockey Alan Freed over payola scandal.
1960(1st of Kislev, 5721): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1960(1st of Kislev): Seventy-nine year old author and poet Ya’Kov (Jacob Cohen) passed away
1960: When the White House announced today that James D. Zellerbach was retiring as U.S. Ambassador to Italy, it released a letter from President Eisenhower to the Ambassador in which he wrote “You have served your country with a high sense of dedication and purpose of which you should be justly proud.”
1962: Birthdate of pianist and composer Robin Speilberg, the granddaughter of flutist Rubin Spielberg.
1964: The Second Vatican Council, under Pope Paul VI, condemned anti-Semitism, declaring that the Jewish people as a whole are not to be blamed for Jesus' death.
1965: In New York, “art dealer” Harold Diamond and “interior designer” Hester Diamond gave birth to Michael Louis Diamond who gained famed the rapper “Mike D.P
1968: Birthdate of David Einhorn, an American hedge fund manager and the founder of Greenlight Capital.
1969(10th of Kislev, 5730): Sixty-three year old labor lawyer Lee Pressman who was accused of involvement with the Communist Party passed away today.
1971(2nd of Kislev, 5732): Parsahat Toldot
1971(2nd of Kislev 5732): Seventy-three year old Katherine Stieglitz, the daughter of photographer Alfred Stieglitz and Emmy Stieglitz passed away today.
1972(14th of Kislev, 5733): Eighty-year old Jennie Grossinger, the “queen” of Grossinger’s Resort Hotel passed away today.
1973(25th of Cheshvan, 5734): Forty-eight year old author and songwriter Allan Sherman who wrote the popular musical satire Camp Granada passed away.
1974: “In The Boom Boom Room” directed by Joseph Papp and co-starring Ellen Greene and Helen Hanft opened today at The Public Theatre.
1975: Spanish dictator Francisco Franco passed away. A fascist who aligned himself with the Hitler and Mussolini during the Spanish Civil War which would be seen as a “dress rehearsal for WW II” Franco refused to join the Axis and remained neutral during the war. “According to the recent discovery of a World War II document, Franco ordered his provincial governors to compile a list of Jews while he negotiated an alliance with the Axis powers.] Franco supplied Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler with a list of 6,000 Jews in Spain, for the Nazis' "Final Solution". However, Franco built no Jewish concentration camps on Spanish territory, nor did he voluntarily hand Jews over to Germany. Furthermore, Spanish diplomats extended their diplomatic protection over Jews in Hungary, Czechoslovakia and the Balkans
1975: “The arrest of Boris Zaturensky, 33, in Minsk is reported. Zaturensky was arrested on charges of buying and selling gold coins, not long after his application to emigrate to Israel.
1975: A fortnightly scientific seminar, similar to the one in Moscow, is begun in Kiev with the participation of 15 Jewish scientists, most of whom were refused exit visas to Israel
1976: “Dorothy Schiff Agrees to Sell Post” published today described the decision to sell the venerable afternoon New York newspaper to Australian Rupert Murdoch including information that was found Jeffrey Potter’s biography Men, Money and Magic which appeared last month.
1977: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to address the Knesset, Israel's parliament.
1978: The funeral of Judge Leo F. Rayfel is scheduled to take place today at 2 pm in Farmingdale, Long Island.
1979: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from French Special Forces to put down the uprising. Anybody who was paying attention would have noted that violence in the Middle East has many causes that have nothing to do with Israel and the conflict between Sunnis and Shiites should be a real matter of concern
1982(4th of Kislev, 5743): Parashat Toldot
1982: Andy Kaufman was forever voted off of Saturday Night Live by a live phone poll.
1982(4th of Kislev, 5743): Seventy-nine year old Abraham Louis Pomerantz the Brooklyn trained lawyer who was “deputy chief counsel at the Nuremburg Trials” and the father of Daniel Pomerantz and children’s author Charlotte Pomerantz passed away today. (As reported by Edward R. Gargan)
1983: ABC broadcast “The Day After,” a made for television film directed by Nicholas Meyer, co-starring Steve Guttenberg and with theme music by David Raskin for the first time tonight.
1987: Jerry Reinsdorf’s Chicago Bulls began a streak of sold out games that would only come to an end with the retirement of Michael Jordan in 1999.
1988: ABC broadcast the fifth episode of “War and Remembrance,” “an American miniseries based on the novel of the same name written by Herman Wouk”
1990: Efraim Gur began serving as Deputy Minister of Transportation.
1991: Nadine Brozan described one of those strange coincidences in life where Richard Dreyfus and Michael Burns who lived near each other as children both became involved in projected related to Alrde Dreyfus. Burns authored Dreyfus: A Family Affair, 1789-1945 while Dreyfus produced and starred in a film about the French Captain entitled “Prisoner of Honor” that focuses on one of those sought to free Dreyfus, Georges Picquart.
1992: ABC broadcast the episode of “Civil Wars” a legal drama created by Steven Bochco, the son of painter Mimi Bochco and concert violinist Rudolph Bochco.
1995: In a front page article, The Austin American Statesman reported that a group of IBM employees who were supposed to move from Florida to Austin were balking at the move because Austin lacked a kosher butcher and a Jewish Day School. With a month, H.E.B opened a kosher butcher shop at one of its Austin stores.
1998(1st of Kislev, 5759): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1999: In Paris, the 1999 Trophée Lalique figure skating competition which saw Galit Chait and Sergei Sakhnovski give Israel a sixth place finish in Ice Dancing, came to an end.
2000: In Mexico, Claudia Sheinbaum was nominated to serve as “Secretary of the of the Environment of the Federal District” today.
2000(22nd of Cheshvan, 5761): Sgt. Sharon Shitoubi, 21, of Ramle, wounded 2 days ago in the Palestinian shooting attack in Kfar Darom, died of his wounds today
2000(22nd of Cheshvan, 5761): Miriam Amitai, 35, and Gavriel Biton, 34, both of Kfar Darom, were killed when a roadside bomb exploded alongside a bus carrying children from Kfar Darom to school in Gush Katif. Nine others, including 5 children, were injured.
2001: Toronto native and documentary film maker Avi Lewis, “the great grandson of Moshe Losz, an outspoken member of the Jewish Bund,” “was featured on” today’s “Life and Times” episode of “The Lewis Family.
2002: In “Network Tries to Expand Jewish Nation” published today Mica Rosenberg described the work of the Jewish Multiracial Network in dealing with the changing demographics of the Jewish people.
2003: Car bombings in Istanbul continues after the initial bombings targeted two synagogues resulting in the death of 25 people and the wounding of 300 more.
2003: “The Last Samurai” directed and co-produced by Edward Zwick, with a script co-authored by Marshall Herskovitz and music by Hans Zimmer was released today in Tokyo..
2004: “The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou” a comedy produced by Barry Mendel and Scott Rudin, with a script co-authored by Noah Baumbach and co-starring Jeff Goldblum premiered in Los Angeles today.
2005: A symposium was held at the American Schools of Oriental Studies entitled “The Tel Zayit Stone: A New Tenth-Century Inscription from the Judean Shephelah.” A dramatic discovery punctuated this year's excavation season at Tel Zayit, Israel, where The Zeitah Excavations recovered a large stone bearing an incised, two-line inscription. The special importance of the stone derives not only from its archaic alphabetic text, which hints at formal scribal training at the site, but also from its well-defined archaeological context in a structure dating securely to the tenth century BCE. The borderland site of Tel Zayit lies in the lowlands district of Judah, and in this period it exhibits strong links with the highland culture to the east, in the direction of Jerusalem, not with the coastal culture of the Philistine plain. The early appearance of literacy at Tel Zayit will surely play a pivotal role in the current discussion of the archaeology and history of Israel and Judah in the tenth century BCE.
2005: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest including the paperback edition of Outwitting History: The Amazing Adventures of a Man Who Rescued a Million Yiddish Books by Aaron Lanksy which recounts the adventures of Lansky, who won a MacArthur award in 1989, as president and founder of the National Yiddish Book Center, traveling the world to salvage and catalog a literature once on the verge of oblivion.
2006: “A rally organized by Anglo students to raise Israeli awareness about the genocide in Dafur is held at Zion Square in downtown Jerusalem. The rally is sponsored by Hatzilu et Amei Dafur (Save the Nation of Dafur) a group composed of Yeshiva and seminary students.
2006: Birthdate of Noah Pozner who would be the youngest victim at the Sandy Hook Mass Shooting
2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, Imad Dalal who heads the Arabic music department at Safed College presents a program of traditional and contemporary song.
2007: Prime Minister Olmert is reported to be going to Cairo for a surprise meeting with Egyptian leaders.
2008: At the conclusion of his three-day trip to Great Britain President Shimon Peres is scheduled to meet Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace where he will be awarded a Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George (KCMG), the sixth-most senior award in the British system, used to honor individuals who have rendered important services in relation to foreign nations. After an audience with the queen, the president will have a private meeting with Prince Charles, who celebrated his 60th birthday this week. A meeting with Prime Minister Gordon Brown, at his residence at 10 Downing Street, followed by dinner in his honor hosted by the prime minister and his wife in the State Dining Room, will mark the end of Peres’ first official visit to the UK.
2008: After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reached its lowest level since 1997. This is part of the long descent into what has been termed the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression that will have a devastating on all Americans, Jew and gentile alike. Many Jewish organizations will be forced to down-size as funding sources dry up.
2008: In a secret ballot House Democrats voted 137-122 to have Congressman Henry Waxman replace John Dingell as Chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee.
2008: As part of the Live From Lincoln Center series, Jewish, Violinist Gil Shaham, the son of two Israelis, the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra and pianist Jonathan Feldman perform this intimate concert at the Stanley Kaplan Penthouse featuring the music of composer Pablo de Sarasate in a panoramic survey of the music of his music on the occasion of the 100 anniversary of his death.
2008: Poland's capital marked the completion of a massive restoration project that marks the borders of the former Jewish Ghetto that was walled in by Nazis occupiers during World War II. The mayor of Warsaw, along with the minister of culture, inaugurated the project that included 21 new information points along the boundaries of the former Jewish Ghetto. The project also placed a beige line, labeled "Ghetto Wall," along the city streets that outlined the furthest reaches of the Ghetto's borders. The line snakes along sidewalks and around apartments and offices, broken only when it reaches roads or tram lines. Paid for by the city of Warsaw and the Ministry of Culture, the project was launched last year by a team of historians."When you ask people in Warsaw about the Ghetto, they can tell you about it and have an idea of where it was," said Tomasz Merta of the Ministry of Culture. "But in reality, nobody could tell you how big it was and how it was a huge prison in the heart of the city."Varsovians can now easily find the line running along several major streets near downtown and curling around what is now the Jewish Cemetery "Now it's here, and we can see it and touch it. And it's very difficult to remember, because of how hurtful it was," Merta said, "but at least now we can remember. This is our responsibility." Nazi officials cut off the Jewish Ghetto from the rest of the city on November 16, 1940. At its broadest circumference, the Ghetto wall enclosed 307 hectares. Some 360,000 Warsaw Jews and 90,000 from other towns were forced into the ghetto, according to the city of Warsaw. Some 100,000 people died of hunger. "It's not only important to Warsaw, but it's a universal lesson about memory," Merta said. The inauguration ceremony included a bus tour that took people along the former borders and stopped at the information points that marked important sites or events in the Ghetto's history. A crowd of project officials, local residents and historians went along for the trip. Older residents recalled the disquiet in the city when the wall was first built. "Nobody was sure if their house would lay in the Ghetto, or where the borders would be," said historian Jan Jagielski, author of a book about the Ghetto. "Walls had been built earlier, and people were worried that there would be a ghetto. From November 16, people couldn't leave." Jagielski lead a group of mostly elderly women through a park and wondered at how modern Warsaw sits atop borders that are gone but not forgotten. "This is all real and unreal," he said. "That we're here walking, through these streets."
2008: The 45th anniversary edition of the New York Review of Books was was founded by Robert B. Silvers and Barbara Epstein was published today.
2009: The 92nd St Y in New York, hosts the Shababa Bakery where you are invited to prepare for Shabbat by squishing, rolling and braiding your very own challah which you can take home and bake.
2009: At Columbus, Ohio, at Tifereth Israel, Rabbi Unger leads The Mitzvah Initiative which features an unconventional approach to learning that is a series of open and honest workshops and discussion by participants which examine some of the most critical elements of Jewish life. Congregation Tifereth Israel is one of over forty Conservative congregations participating in the Mitzvah Initiative that explores a variety of topics including, Tikun Olam, Bikur Cholim (attending to the ill and suffering), and God, Love and Mitzvah.
2009: The U.S. State Department issued a statement noting “a growing trend of anti-Semitic hate crimes and discrimination around the world.” The statement coincided with the appointment of Hannah Rosenthal to serve as the U.S. State Department’s special envoy to monitor and combat anti-Semitism. “The position has been vacant since Gregg Rickman left at the end of the Bush administration.”
2010: Sarah Michelle Levin and Melissa Ellen Levin are scheduled to be called to the Torah as B’not Mitzvah at North Suburban Synagogue Beth El. They are the twin daughters of Gigi Cohen and Michael Levin and the sisters of Dana Levin who celebrated her Bat Mitzvah in the same congregation in November of 2008. They are the granddaughters of Zena and David Cohen of blessed memory Mrs. Betty Levin, an ayash chayil par excellence and Dr. Jacob Levin, of blessed memory.
2010: JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to hold its 30th Fall Fundraiser honoring Tanya and Stephen Bodzin.
2011: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest of Jewish readers including “Inferno: The World at War, 1939-1945” by Max Hasting, “Eva Bruan: Life with Hitler” by Heike B Gortemaker, “The Unmaking of Israel” by Gershom Gorenberg and Umberto Eco’s novel, “The Prague Cemetery,” that explores the history of “The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.”
2011: “Winston Churchill: Walking With Destiny,” a film Narrated by Sir Ben Kingsley, that recounts Churchill's years in the political wilderness, his early opposition to Adolf Hitler and Nazism, his support for Jews, his return to government by the demand of the British people and his rise to the Prime Minister's office in 1940, is scheduled to be shown at The Jewish Eye World Jewish Film Festival.
2011: Rabbi Dr. Levi Cooper who the Pardes Institute of Jewish Studies in Jerusalem is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled the first in a three part lecture series entitled Rabbi Akiva: The Mystical Prayer of a Legal Authority at Ohr Kodesh in Chevy Chase, Maryland.
2011: Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel is scheduled to speak at the Jefferson Jackson Dinner in Des Moines, Iowa. Emanuel is Jewish. Jefferson and Jackson were not!
2011: Fears of a fuel crisis this morning followed last night's discovery of a water problem in Ben Gurion International Airport's jet fuel.
2011: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu today called for medical residents to return immediately to their hospitals as their representatives informed the High Court of Justice that they were willing to return to the negotiating table and to accept the court's proposal to appoint a mediator.
2012: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginias is scheduled to present the final part of the series “The Evolving Views on the Afterlife in Judaism.”
2012: Steven A “Cohen was implicated in an alleged insider trading scandal involving an ex-SAC manager” today.
2012: Four rockets fired by Gaza-based terrorists exploded near a community in the Eshkol Regional Council.
2012: As of midnight, Operation Pillar of Defense enters its seventh day with the Israeli government holding off on a ground offensive in the hope that talks in Cairo will lead to an end to massive Hamas assault on its citizens.
2012: Those living in southern Israel organize demonstrations against plans for a cease-fire one of which is to take place in Kiryat Malachi where three Israelis had been murdered by terrorist rockets and one at Ashdod.
2012(6th of Kislev, 5773): Eighteen year old Corporal Yosef Partuk and an Arab-Israeli civilian identified as Alayaan Salem al-Nabari were this morning during a mortar attack
2013: Today Noah Pozner would be turning 7 if had not been gunned down last year at Sandy Hook Elementary School.
2013: Yosef Mendeolovich is scheduled to discuss his memoir, Unbroken Sprit: A Heroic Story of Faith, Courage and Survival at the Center for Jewish History
2013: Temple Judah is scheduled to host the Hadassah Book Club which will discuss Breakfast at Stephanie’s by Nancy Margolis.
2013: “Inheritance” is scheduled to be shown at the Other Jewish Film Festival.
2013: Joseph P. Franklin a white supremacist who killed at least 8 people and wounded Larry Flynt and Vernon E. Jordant, Jr. in an attempt to start a race war was put death in Missouri today by lethal injection for have having murdered Gerald Gordon outside of a St. Louis Synagogue where this innocent non-Jew was attending a Bar Mitzvah.
2013: A mid-range missile defense system, intended to close a large gap in Israel’s aerial defense readiness, successfully completed an intercept test today, the Defense Ministry announced. (As reported by Mitch Ginzburg)
2014(27th of Cheshvan): “2104 BCE (1657 from Creation), as the Flood waters finally subsided, Noah, his family and the animals left the Ark. On this day, God commanded them to repopulate and resettle the earth
2014(27th of Cheshvan, 5775): Ninety-one year old Samuel Klein whose founding of the Casas Bahai chain of Department Stores earned him the nickname “the Sam Walton of Brazil” and whose philanthropies included major contributions to the Lubavitch Yeshiva in the Born Retiro neighborhood passed away.
2014: “The Palestinian Authority has arrested some 30 suspects over the last 72 hours thought to be planning terror attacks, primarily against settlers, as well as operatives involved in incitement against Israelis, senior Palestinian sources told The Times of Israel today.”
2014: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to present: “Mizrahi Music, Piyyut, and the Search for Israeli Identity”
2014: “Authorities intercepted a massive shipment of tens of thousands of firecrackers, as well as knives, Tasers and other weapons today that police say was en route to rioters in East Jerusalem.” (As reported by Tamar Pileggi)
2014: Jerry Seinfeld backtracked on his recent self-diagnosis of autism today, saying he was not on the spectrum but only “related to it on some level.”
2014: “A Nazi Roundup, Chaotically Evoked In 'La Rafle'” published today provides a an informative review of movie that “chronicles the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup of July 1942, in which roughly 13,000 Jews living in Paris (4,501 of them children) were removed from their homes by French police and sent to detention camps in the countryside, before being deported to Auschwitz.”
2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a panel discussion “Towards Life: Reviving Jewish Life in Contemporary Poland.”
2014: In the Senate, the Majority Leader “filed for cloture on Noah Mamet’s nomination to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Argentina.
2014: In Melbourne, “A Match Made in Heaven” and “Zero Motivation” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.
2014: “Unorthodox” is scheduled to be shown at the 18th UK Jewish Film Festival
2014: The 16th Street Book Club is scheduled to discuss The World to Come by Dora Horn
2015: After having premiered at Cannes, “Carol” featuring Carol Brownstein as “Genevieve Cantrell” was released today in the United States
2015: “Soviet genocide in Ukraine” by Raphael Lemkin, the Polish Jew who “coined the term genocide” was added to Russian index of "extremist publications", whose distribution in Russia is forbidden
2015: Jeremy Katz, the Director of the Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History at the Breman Museum is scheduled to host a tour providing an in-depth look at the Breman’s latest Southern Jewish History Exhibition Eighteen Artifacts: A Story of Jewish Atlanta.
2015: Broadway previews of the latest production of Fiddler on the Roof are scheduled to begin this evening.
2015: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host “Schnitzel and Shmooze” Friday night dinner.
2015: In a post on Facebook today, “said he planned to take two months of paternity leave after his daughter is born this year” because “studies show that when working parents take time to be with their newborns, outcomes are better for the children and families.”
2016: “Alone in Berlin” and is scheduled to be shown on the last evening of the 20th UK International Jewish Film Festival.
2016: “The Tenth Man” and “The Last Laugh” are scheduled to be shown at Brisbane as part of the Jewish International Film Festival
2016: “50 Children: The Rescue Mission of Mr. and Mrs. Kraus” is scheduled to shown as part of the Global Day of Jewish Learning.
2016: “From Silence,” a new one-act play by Anne Marilyn Lucas that explores how the trauma of the Holocaust gets passed on from one generation to the next is scheduled to be performed for the last time at the Theatre for the New City, the Lower East Side theatre that has gained a reputation for staging radical political plays… (As reported by Cathryn J. Prince)
2016: The Skirball Center is scheduled to a mock trial “The People vs. King David” with Prosecutor Chris Cuomo and Alan Dershowitz defending the Jewish monarch.
2016: A screening of “Mir Kumen On” an “educational film from 1936 which is one of the precious few surviving movies evoking Jewish life in Poland prior to its poisoning from external, racist forces” is scheduled to be shown at MoMA today. (As reported by Jordan Hoffman)
2016: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The People and the Books: 18 Classics of Jewish Literature by Adam Kirsch, Moonglow by Michael Chabon and Eleanor Roosevelt The War Years and After Volume Three: 1939-1962 by Blanche Wiesen Cook
2017: “Holy Air” and “Monsieur Mayonnaise” are scheduled to be shown at the 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival.
2017: “The New York Times said today that it was suspending Glenn Thrush, one of its most prominent reporters, after he was accused of inappropriate sexual behavior.”
2017: Jacob Wisse, director of Yeshiva University Museum is scheduled to lead “a walking tour through Yeshiva University Museum’s exhibition The Arch of Titus – from Jerusalem to Rome, and Back, exploring the image and legacy of the Arch of Titus from Imperial Rome to modern-day Israel.”
2017: The Primo Levi Center is scheduled to host Michela Andreatta (University of Rochester), Serena Di Nepi (University of Rome La Sapienza) and Jane Tylus (New York University) in a discussion of “Ariosto’s masterpiece Orlando Furioso in the context of an early modern Jewish quest to define minority status amidst a dramatic transformation of mentality, political equilibria, and power structures.”
2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host its Chanumas/Chrismukah Party completed with “mince pies, doughnuts, xmas crackers and dreidels.”
2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Barbara Tuchman whose works included The Guns of August and The Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914 continues today.
2018(12th of Kislev, 5778): On the Hebrew calendar yahrzeit of “Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Kazen, the Director of Chabad Lubavitch in Cyberspace and considered by many the pioneer of Jewish education on the internet.”
2018: “An International Jewish Festival for Contemporary Culture” which will feature “Erez Lev-Ari and The Suits doing Ari San, a tribute to Rabbi Shalom Shabazi” is scheduled to open today.
2018: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host lectures on “Zionism and Challenge to American Jewry” by Rabbi Robert Hirt and “Two Faiths, Two Scriptures, One God: The Torah and the Quran” by Rabbi Leonard Schoolman and Dr. Hussein Rashid.
2019: The UK Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host screenings of “Leona” in Glasgow and Manchester.
2019 The North Peninsula Jewish Community is scheduled to host a “From to Healing” which will include a screening of “Bogdan’s Journey.”
2019: Jews For Entrepreneurship is scheduled to celebrate its 10th anniversary at the Greenwich Mansion in San Francisco.
2019: JNEXT, the Jewish Federation’s “engagement vehicle for members of the Greater New Orleans Jewish community (and interfaith partners and spouses) in their forties and fifties is scheduled to take place this evening featuring Chefs Alon Shaya and Graison Gil in conversation about their recent trip to Israel.”
2019: “The head of the European Jewish Association has written to an auction house in Munich, Germany asking for it to halt a sale of 147 different items from the Third Reich, including clothing belonging to Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun, Hitler's top hat and a silver-covered edition of Mein Kampf” which is scheduled to take place today. (YNET)