Saturday, September 7, 2019

This Day, September 8, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. and Deb Levin

September 8

70: On the secular calendar, Jerusalem is sacked by the 60,000 troops of Titus' Roman army after a six month siege. Over a million Jewish citizens perished in the siege and, following the city's capture, another 97,000 were sold into slavery. This event is commemorated on The Arch of Titus in Rome. [Date variations of one day, depend on the source.]

1100: “Antipope Clement III” “who protested strongly when Emperor Henry IV permitted Jews who had become converted to Christianity during the anti-Jewish riots of the First Crusade to revert to Judaism” passed away today.  (Jewish Virtual Library)

1140: While traveling to Palestine, Judah Halevi arrived in Alexandria (Egypt) where “he was enthusiastically greeted by friends and admirers.”  He went on to Cairo where he turned down requests that he settle in the Egyptian city because he was determined to complete his journey to Jerusalem.

1157: Birthdate of King Richard I, the Lionhearted who decreed that the Jews of England should be left to live in peace. Unfortunately, he spent most of his time on Crusades or fighting in France which left the Jews to suffer at the hands of the Church and anti-Semitic nobles.

1207: Birthdate of King Sancho II of Portugal. Sancho II continued the struggle with the Church that had begun under his father Alfonso II which proved beneficial to the Jews. Sancho II ignored the Church’s prohibition against hiring Jews for positions of powers and appointed Jews as tax-farmers. “Probably it was he who appointed Don Joseph ibn Yaḥya as almoxarife; he also permitted him to build a magnificent synagogue in Lisbon.”

1264: The General Charter of Jewish Liberties known as the Statute of Kalisz was issued by the Duke of Greater Poland Boleslaus the Pious today in Kalisz. The statute served as the basis for the legal position of Jews in Poland and led to creation of a Yiddish-speaking autonomous Jewish "nation within a nation", which lasted until the Third Partition of Poland in 1795. The statute granted exclusive jurisdiction over Jewish matters to Jewish courts and established a separate tribunal for matters involving Christians and Jews. Additionally, it guaranteed safety and personal liberties for Jews such as freedom of religion, trade, and travel. The statute was ratified by subsequent Polish Kings: Casimir III of Poland in 1334, Casimir IV of Poland in 1453, and Sigismund I of Poland in 1539.

1425: King Charles III of Navarre passed away. Under his reign, the conditions of the Jews of improved over what they had been under his predecessor Charles II., who died in 1387. Soon after Charles II came to power, “the Jews presented him with 3,000 livres. In return he granted them several privileges, influenced, doubtless, by the fact that his court physician was Chief Rabbi Joseph Orabuena, whose son Judah was also a member of the royal retinue. During the king's journey to Paris in 1397 he was accompanied by four Jews—two physicians, a surgeon, and an astrologer. The Jewish residents of Navarre were so impoverished that they could no longer pay taxes; hence the king, while continuing a rigid collection from the Jews in Pamplona, who formed the richest community in the country, exempted their coreligionists of Tudela from the obligation to furnish beds, etc., during his stay in that city.”

1486: Joseph Günzenhäuser printed Hagiographa Variorum in Naples, Italy. [This probably was one of the first annotated copies of the section of the TaNaCh known as Ketuvim or Writings.]

1498: Torquemada died. Torquemada was descended from a family of Marranos which makes his role in history all the more ironic Torquemada is popularly known as the head of the Spanish Inquisition. In fact, he was not the first one to head the Inquisition; an act of evil that had the full support and control of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. According to some, the Queen was a stronger supporter of this activity than the King. More importantly, they let the Pope know that they and not he would control the Inquisition. After all, the monarchs had empty coffers to fill as well as souls to save.

1504: Michelangelo's David is unveiled in Florence. The naked statue of Israel’s greatest king has a flaw – David is uncircumcised. So did Michelangelo sculpt the likeness of a nude Florentine boy and call it David so as not to offend the sensibilities of Christian Italians? Considering that Moses is portrayed with Horns, anatomically and or texturally correct art was not the strong point of Renaissance artists.

1514: : In a bull issued today, Pope Leo X, “expressed his desire that the rights of the Jews should be respected, and repealed the edict of the Bishop of Carpentras, who had prescribed a special badge to be worn by the Jews of Avignon, Carpentras, and Venaissin”

1600: “Jack Drum’s Entertainment” by on John Marston one of a series of dramas created during the Elizabethan that contained Jewish characters when no Jews lived in England was “entered into the Stationer’s Register” today.  (Editor’s note – apparently the English theatre goers, many of whom were “groundlings” did not need to have Jews around to know about Jews.)

1628: During the Eighty Years War, the Battle of Matanzas came to an end with Dutch defeating the Spanish and seizing their treasure fleet as spoils. Among those helping the Dutch was Moses Cohen Henriques a pirate whose family had been Sephardim from Portugal. Henriques moved to Brazil from the Caribbean when the Dutch captured it from the Portuguese. When the Portuguese recaptured Brazil, Henriques continued his pirating ways hooking up with the notorious Henry Morgan.

1636: New College is established in Massachusetts. Three years later it would change its name to Harvard in honor of clergy man John Harvard, one of the school’s earliest and most generous benefactors. Harvard has had an uneven history in terms of the Jewish people. At one time Harvard and its academic community were supporters of a quotas designed to limit Jewish enrollment. At the same time, Harvard boast numerous Jewish alumnae and faculty members. Today Harvard has approximately 2000 undergraduate students out of a population of almost 7,000 undergrads. There are 2,500 graduate students among Harvard’s approximately 11,000 grad students.

1664: The Dutch colony of New Amsterdam was surrendered to the British who renamed it New York in 1669. Now you know how a handful of Dutch Jews became the first “New York Jews.”

1729: Congregation Shearith Israel laid the foundation stone of the first building specifically to be used as a synagogue on Mill Street in New York City.

1748: Abraham De Leon and his wife gave birth to Rebecca De Leon

1750: Isaac and Sarah De La Motta gave birth to Isaac De La Motta, the husband of Sarah Canter with whom he had three children.

1759(16th of Elul, 5519): Parashat Ki Tavo

1759(16th of Elul, 5519): Rebecca Tema Ansel passed away today in the United Kingdom.

1760: First official reports of Jews having settled in Canada.

1764: Birthdate of Emanuel Deutz, the native of Koblenz who married Judith Berman and served as Chief Rabbi of France from 1810 until he passed away in 1842.

1787: Abraham Gerstle and his wife gave birth to Isak Michael Gerstle, the husband of Sofie Weil with whom he had seven children.

1793(2nd of Tishrei, 5554): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1793(2nd of Tishrei, 5554): Mrs. Hannah Jacobs passed away today in the United Kingdom.

1812(2nd of Tishrei, 5573): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1812: Birthdate of Rebekah Gumpert Hyneman, a Jew by choice who was a successful authoress.

1814: “The most important institution connected with” “Israel ben Solomon Wahrmann, the first officially recognize rabbi of Pest Hungary” an elementary school called the Nationalschule which “was an important factor in raising the intellectual status of the community” was dedicated today.

1830: Benjamin Phineas Moses Spiers married Sara Wolf in Rotterdam today.

1830: Two days after she had passed away, 78 years old “Sarah Simmons, the wife of Nathan Simmons” was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.

1831(1st of Tishrei, 5592): Rosh Hashanah

1839(29th of Elul, 5599): Erev Rosh Hashanah; as Jews prepare to celebrate the New Year, future President James K. Polk visited Huntsville, Alabama.

1839: In Liverpool, England, Esther Sewill and Saul Moss gave birth to Barnet Moss.

1840: In London, the will of John Aaron, the husband of Charlotte Aaron, with whom he had had four children – Thomas, Mary, Ann and Catherine – was probated today. (As reported by David Alexander)

1841: Josiah Solomon married Bella Hart at the New Synagogue today.

1841: In Charleston, SC, J. Cohen, Jr., Esquire, married Phila Moise, the daughter of Aaron Moise.

1843: Birthdate Annie Florence, the wife of Nathaniel Harris.

1847: In Philadelphia, PA, Rodef Shalom, one of the first German congregations organized in the United States moved to its new building on Julianna Street.  Rodef Shalom had been formed in 1801 by Ashkenazic Jews who were not comfortable attending Mickvah Israel, a Sephardic congregation.

1847: Today, Jefferson H. Nones, a Second Lieutenant om the Second United States Artillery and “the son of Captain Henry Nones was detailed to Puebla to the command of twenty-nine men to effect a recovery of mules stolen by Mexican guerrileros” which resulted a fight with “Mexican lancers” that resulted in ten Americans being killed and four being wounded including Lt. Nones who was wounded by a lance.

1848: Two days after he had passed away, Benjamin Chapman, the husband of Hannah Chapman, was buried today at the Lauriston Road Jewish Cemetery.

1848: Birthdate of German scientist Viktor Meyer. He was a German chemist who contributed greatly to knowledge of both organic and inorganic chemistry and invented an apparatus for determining vapor densities (and hence molecular weights), now named after him. In 1871, Meyer experimentally proved Avogadro's hypothesis by measuring the vapor densities of volatile substances (molecular weight, or relative molecular mass, is twice the vapor density). He went on to determine the vapor densities of inorganic substances at high temperatures. From benzene obtained from petroleum, Meyer in 1883 isolated thiophene, a heterocyclic compound containing sulfur, which much later was to become an important component of various synthetic drugs. He passed away in 1897.

1850(2nd of Tishrei, 5611):  Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1852: Birthdate of Henri Moissan, the Parisian who became the second Jew to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

1852: In Charleston, SC, at the Wentworth Street Synagogue, Rabbi Lyons officiated at the wedding Rachel Sampson, the only daughter of the late Samuel Sampson and Mr. Hendricks from Texas.

1852: Forty-two year old “Ernestine L. Rose” “the daughter of an Orthodox Polish rabbi who had married William Rose while living in England and who came to the United States in 1836” and “Jewish champion of women’s rights addressed the National Women’s Right Convention in Syracuse.”

1853: In “Marleybone, London,” “Jacob and Matilda Waley gave birth Julia Matilda Waley who became Julia Matilda Cohen when she married Nathan Louis Cohen with whom she had seven children.

1856: “A Jewish society was organized today in Grass Valley, CA

1858(29th of Elul, 5618): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1861(4th of Tishrei, 5622): Because the 3rd of Tishrei fell on a Saturday, the Tzom Gedaliah is observed today.

1862: Today, one day “Florian Moss, a son of Joseph L. Moss of Philadelphia had been appointed Captain’s Clerk on the United States Ship ‘Vermont’ which was attached to the South Blockading Squadron” he was named “Commander’s Clerk on the same vessel.”

1862(13th of Elul, 5622): Seventy-five year old Michael Lazarus, the son of Marks and Rachel Lazarus who was a leader of the Reform movement in Charleston, SC and who “opened steam navigation between Charleston and Augusta” passed away today after which he was buried in the Coming Street Cemetery in Charleston.

1862: Sergeant Levi Arnold began serving his three year enlistment by joining Company F of the 143rd Regiment, before transferring to the Veteran Reserve Corps in 1863.

1865: Birthdate of Philadelphia native Harry Clay Adler, the husband of Tennessee native Ada Ochs and father of Maj. Gen. Julius Ochs Adler who was the general manager of the Chattanooga Times, the first block in the publishing empire of the New York Times.

1867: Birthdate of Russian socialist Russian Aleksandr Izrail Lazarevich Gelfand who become famous as Alexander Israel Helphand, the man who negotiated with the Germans during World War I to gain Lenin’s return to Russia from Switzerland which brought about the Communist Revolution and took Russia out of World War I.

1871: Adath Israel (Congregation of Israel) dedicated its new home, a brick structure on 57th Street between First and Second avenues in Manhattan. As part of the ceremony, Dr. Wasserman delivered a talk in German and Vidaver delivered a speech in English that explained the purpose of the various objects in the synagogue.

1872: Birthdate of Clare Castel, nee Sammer one of the last nine Jewish residents of Kleinsteinach all of whom were killed at either Theresienstadt or Isbica.

1873: The Wandering Jew is scheduled to be performed at the Grand Opera House as part of the "fall season" in NYC.

1876: Birthdate of Israel Friedlander, the Polish born rabbi, educator and biblical scholar who co-founded the Young Israel movement with Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan.

1877(1st of Tishrei, 5638): Rosh Hashanah

1877: Rabbi Gottheil and Lewis May, President of the Congregation, led services this morning at Temple Emanu-El in New York City.  Services for the Reform temple began at 10 o’clock while services at the city’s orthodox synagogues “began much earlier in the day.

1877: The Jewish inmates at Sing Sing Prison will celebrate the Rosh Hashanah this evening.  Services will be led by a chaplain who has been specially appointed for this purpose.  Mr. Gratz Nathan of the 19th Street Synagogue and Mr. Adolph Levy of the 44th Street Synagogue will provide the funds for the service.

1879: “Beth Israel” published today described the “reconstruction of the Boerum Place Synagogue.”

1879: It was reported today that Vasile Boerescui, the Romanian Foreign Minister has been “partially successful” in getting the France and Germany to agree to a compromise that would delay the promised emancipation of the Jews living in his country. After a meeting with Count Andrassy, it appears that Austria agrees as well.

1881: It was reported today New York Jewish wholesale liquor dealer Henry Lezinskye was arraigned before Justice Brimley in Long Branch on charges of having swindled John J. Wheeler out of $775.  Chances of conviction would seem to be slim since the alleged offense took place more than seven years ago.

1881: Two days after he had passed away, Bavarian native Joseph Strauss who was “naturalized in 1864” and was the husband of Rosa Strauss was buried at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery today.

1881: A committee that has been formed to provide relief Russian Jewish immigrants who are expected to arrive in the next few days will have its first meeting this evening at the offices of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.  Judge Myer S. Isaacs presided over the meeting

1884: “Democratic Reform Work” published today described the rebellion in New Orleans’ First Congressional District where Colonel Adolph Meyer, a Jewish wealthy cotton merchant, is seeking the nomination.

1885(28th of Elul, 5645): Eighty-nine year old Kingston, Jamaica native Joseph Gutteres Henriques, the son of Sarah and Jacob Bueno Henriques and the husband of Eliza Henriques with whom he had two children, passed away today in London.

1886: Birthdate of poet and author Siegfried Sassoon. Sassoon’s father was Jewish but his mother was not. Alfred Sassoon, Siegfried’s father was a member of the well-to-do Sassoon family of merchants. However, among English Jews, wealth was not an excuse of assimilation and Alfred was disinherited for marrying a Christian, even she did belong to one of England’s leading family of sculptors. Whether out of spite, or just plain insensitivity, Theresa Sassoon named her son for a leading character in a Wagner opera. His middle name was taken from that of a Christian clergyman with whom she was friendly.

1889: Rabbi Eugene Harfeld officiated at the wedding of his brother David Harfeld, and Sarah Marx. This marriage would figure in Harfeld’s later trial on charges of bigamy.

1890: During the services which “marked the opening of the new synagogue in Hammersmith declared that he had received unquestionable confirmation of recent statements in the newspapers about the persecution of the Jews in Russia.”

1890: Birthdate of Philadelphia native David J. Gaiter, the editor of the Jewish Exponents for twenty years while writing columns “under the pseudonym Baruch Haba” who was the President of the Jewish Book council of Philadelphia and the husband of Minnie Gaiter, with whom he had two daughters.

1890: “How The Jews Were Scattered” published today provided a detailed review of The Jews Under Roman Rule by W.D. Morrison.

1891: One hundred Russian Jews arrived in Montreal today.

1891: In Newburg, NY, Rabbi A. N. Coleman officiated at the dedication of Temple Beth Jacob

1892: “Aizenstat’s Murder A Plot” published today described the status of the police investigation into the murder of Lazarus Aizenstat, a Jewish immigrant from Odessa who was probably killed after an assailant so far only identified as Solomon and his confederates robbed him of the 35,000 rubles he was carrying which was to be used to buy a farm in Connecticut.

1893(27th of Elul, 5653): William Mordecai passed away

1893(27th of Elul, 5653): Seventy-seven year old journalist and champion of the Haskalah (Enlightenment) Aleksander Zederbaum who was the founder of Ha-Meliz the first Hebrew newspaper published in Russia, passed away today.

1893(27th of Elul, 5653): Ninety year old merchant and financier Joseph Barrow Montefiore, the London born son of Eliezer and Judith (Barrow) Montefiore and husband of the former Rebecca Mocatta who made his fortune in Australia passed away today in Brighton, England. (According to some sources he passed away on September 4)

1893: Herman Appel announced that he was a candidate for Grand Master of the Independent Order of Ahavus Israel, a position that had been held by Bernard Weinberg, the disgraced banker

1894(7th of Elul, 5654): Mrs. Abraham Greenspahn of 117 Siegel Street, Williamsburg passed away after being hospitalized.

1896(1st of Tishrei, 5657): As Williams Jennings Bryan and William McKinley compete for the Presidency Jews observed the first day of Rosh Hashanah

1896: Birthdate of New York City native and Columbia University alum Howard Deitz, the prolific songwriter and WW I Navy veteran.

1896: “The Fourth Assembly District Tammany Convention to elect delegates was not held tonight as in other districts because of” Rosh Hashanah.  Most of the members of the 4th District organization are Jewish “and they would allow politics to interfere with the…observance of the occasion.”

1897: Rabbi Isaac M. Wise, the leader of the Reform movement wrote from Cincinnati on the impossibility and impracticality of a Jewish state describing the recently held Congress in Basel as “a novelty, a gathering of visionary and impracticable dreams who conceived and acted a romantic drama and applauded it all by themselves.”

1899: While visiting the New York State Fair, Governor Theodore Roosevelt delivered an address that covered several topics including the Dreyfus Case, saying that such an episode could not happen in this country because justice is applied equally to all be they Jew, Gentile, Irishman and or “those whose ancestors landed…at Plymouth Rock.”

1899: Baron Russell of Killowen, the Lord Chief Justice of England was among those who attended the trial of Captain Dreyfus which is in the fifth day of the fifth week.

1899: Birthdate of World War I veteran George M. “Chick” Feigin the 1922 graduate of City College “where he won four varsity letters and was captain of the basketball” after which he graduated from Fordham Law School in 1924 and founded Camp Chopee for Boys in Pennsylvania.

1899: “Jews Appeal To The Kaiser” published today described a telegram sent by the Jews of Memphis, TN asking Kaiser Wilhelm to allow German officials with knowledge that is germane to the Dreyfus to testify at the trial now being held at Rennes.

1899: In Washington, DC, Abraham Reingold, a young Jew from New York was discharged from Georgetown University Hospital even though he was “partly paralyzed” – a condition that seems to be related to the depression he is suffering as a result of a failed love affair.

1900: The deadliest hurricane in U.S. history which killed between 6,000 and 8,000 people and caused over $20 million in damage struck Galveston, TX taking its toll on a Jewish community whose leaders included Rabbi Henry Cohen of B’nai Israel, Rabbi Leo N. Levi, a supporter of the so-called Galveston Plan and I.H. Kempner who gave “interest free loans to local churches, the library, and the local orphans home to help them get back on their feet after the storm and who became Galveston’s first finance commissioner with the goal of helping the city regain its economic footing.

1900: Birthdate of Romanian native Isadore Blumenfeld a Jewish-American organized crime figure based in Minneapolis, Minnesota known as Kid Cann.

1903: Yaakov Dovid Wilovsky also known as Ridvaz or Ridbaz was elected chief rabbi of the Russian-American congregations in Chicago after having been as the zekan haRabbanim (elder rabbi) of the United Orthodox Rabbis of America at their annual meeting in August of 1903

1904: As of today, the Hebrew Orphan Asylum is reported to be providing services to almost 1,000 children.

1905: “Headgear in Church: The Jewish View of Covering the Head” was published today in Judaicus.

1906: A three day pogrom that would result in the death of more than 32 Jews and negatively impacted “1,530 families” began today in Siedice, a town in the Polish part of the Russian Empire.

1906: Hyman Gerson Enelow attended the second day of dedication exercises celebrating the opening of the new Temple in Louisville, KY.

1909: Jews in Aleppo telegraph the Hahambashi requesting he intervene with the government respecting taxes for exemption for military service, on account of their precarious financial situation. The Hahambashi prevailed and the Minister of Finance telegraphed the Aleppo authorities to collect only 20% of debt Jews owed, and to release prisoners from prison who could not pay.

1909: Today “Vitascope-Theater GmbH changed its name to Deutsche Vitascope GmbH, with Jules Greenbaum as the owner and managing director.”

1911: The German Emperor confers the Order of Red Eagle, Second Class, on Professor Hugo Munsterberg who has been serving as Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. “The Order of the Red Eagle was an order of chivalry that the Kingdom of Prussia awarded to both military personnel and civilians, to recognize valor in combat, excellence in military leadership, long and faithful service to the kingdom, or other achievements.” World War I flying ace Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, is probably the most famous recipient of the award. Hugo Münsterberg was an early leader in the fields of applied and industrial psychology. He died suddenly in December, 1916 while giving a lecture at Harvard.

1911: Monsieur Levy, Advocate-General at the Court of Appeals in Indo-China is appointed Procureur General and Chielf of Judicial Service in French Guiana.

1911: F.C. Hollander was re-elected Mayor of Durban, South Africa

1911: The cornerstone of the first synagogue in Alberta, Canada was laid.

1911: In Omaha, Nebraska, dedication of “Beth Hamedrosh Hagodol today.

1911(15th of Elul, 5671): Mrs. Chawe Mosche Chait passed away today.

1911(15th of Elul, 5671): David Rueben Hurwitz passed away today.

1911(15th of Elul, 5671): Lithuanian Rabbi Shlomo-Zalman Traub who was born in 1830 and succeeded his father, Rabbi Abraham Simon, as the rabbi of Keidan, passed away today

1912: In Malden, Massachusetts, founding of Agudas Achim.

1912: In Jersey City, NJ, founding of the Hebrew Free School.

1912: In Brooklyn, founding of the Machzikei Talmud Torah of Borough Park.

1912: In Philadelphia, founding of Adath Jeshurun Synagogue.

1912: The strike by furriers in New York, many of whom were Jewish, was settled today.

1913: In New York City, Minnie and Sender Alexander Frankel gave birth to Moe Frankel

1914: The Turkish government canceled capitulation measures, according to which foreign nationals were subject only to their consuls and not to the governments of the country in which they live leaving thousands of Jews in Palestine with foreign citizenship to worry about their fate.

1914: During the Battle of the Marne, German on attacks at Nancy “tapered off” thanks in no small part of Joffre countermanding General Castelnau to withdraw from this critical position.

1915(29th of Elul, 5675): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1915: In the evening Rosh Hashanah services are held for the first time at the recently organized “The New Synagogue” a liberal congregation founded on New York’s West Side by Rabbi Ephraim Frisch.

1915: At the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall, Dr. Stephen Wise “delivered a Rosh Hashanah sermon in which he discussed some of the issues inspired by Germany’s attitude toward submarine warfare.

1915: “On the eve of the Jewish holidays” approximately $1,000,000 has been raised in response “to the appeal of the American Jewish Relief Committee made to Jews throughout the United States in behalf of those suffering in Europe.”

1916(10th of Elul, 5676): Seventy-five year old Joseph Poznanski, the second born son of Esther G. Poznanski and Gustavus Poznanski, the “shochet and chazzan of New York’s Congregation Shearith Israel” who began serving Congregation Beth Elohim in 1836 after which he advocated such “Reform” measures as holding the service in English, observing only one day of each holiday and including organ music.

1916: Salonica government declares compulsory military service is now required and that all Jews over 21 cannot leave from its newly acquired provinces.

1916: Following the failure during the Taft administration of “a movement to have the Government establish a university as a memorial to Hyyam Solomon to be maintained by the interest on the money owed to Hyyam Solomon by the United States government, it was reported today that the heirs of Solomon, “who gave George Washington $660 to help finance the American revolution will petition to restore the money” which an earlier Congress had acknowledged was owed to him.

1917(21st of Elul, 5677): Seventy-six year Talmudic scholar Israel Lewy, the author of Ueber Einige Fragmente aus der Mischna des Abba Saupassed away today.

1918(2nd of Tishrei, 5679): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1918: Jewish soldiers and sailors are able to observe the Jewish New York thanks to the Secretaries of War and the Navy having ordered that furloughs be granted for that purpose.

1919: In “France Is Pledged To Jewish Freedom” published today “Marcel Knecht, the Director of the Official Bureau of French Information in the United States is quoted as paying “official tribute to the patriotic services of the Jews in America and elsewhere” during World War I including the contributions of “Ambassadors Elkus, Henry Morgenthau and Oscar Straus, Justice Louis Brandeis, Bernard Baruch, Julius Rosenwald, Mortimer Schiff and Colonel Harry Cutler whose names are greatly cherished” in France.

1920(25th Elul, 5680): Seventy-seven year old German Jewish publisher and philanthropist Rudolf Mosse who established one of the first advertising agencies in Berlin, when that “industry” was all but unknown passed away today.

1920: The first day of examinations for those wishing to attend the Teachers Institute of the Jewish Theological Seminary.

1920: Registration began today for all former and new pupils at The Hebrew School of Congregation of Petach Tikvah in Brooklyn.

1920(25th of Elul, 5680): In Cleveland, Ohio, “communal worker” Ilennan Peskind pass away today.

1921: Birthdate of Lou Goldstein, the native of Warsaw whose career became synonymous with Borscht Belt humor (As reported by Joseph Berger)

1922: In Yonkers, NY, Max Ziser and  his wife Ida (née Raphael gave birth to the youngest of their three sons Isaac Sidney Caesar who gained fame as comedian Sid Caesar whose greatest fame came in the 1950's when he starred in the weekly Sunday night, "Your Show of Shows."

1925: Outfielder Si Rosenthal made his major league debut with the Boston Red Sox.

1926(29th of Elul, 5686): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1927: The funeral of Marcus Loew, will be held this morning at his estate in Glen Cove. Burial will be at Maimonides Cemetery, Cypress Hills. “No estimate was obtainable of the size of Mr. Loew's fortune, but the extent of his interests and operations indicate it is a very large one. In 1924, Mr. Loew bought "Pembroke," the late Captain Joseph R. de Lamar estate for an announced price of $1,000,000 and he is said to have spent several millions more on it since. In February of this year he was reported to be carrying life insurance of $5,000,000, being one of the nine men in the country insured for that much or more. His holdings are said to be concentrated in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures Corporation and Loew's, Inc.”

1929: Rothschild is in Yugoslavia where the London banker is believed to have discussed the possibilities of a loan with King Alexander I.

1930: Birthdate of Sanford “Sandy” C. Sigoloff, a corporate turnaround expert who called himself the Skillful Scapel. (As reported by Mary Williams Walsh)

1930: Public schools in New York City began teaching classes in Hebrew.

1931: Birthdate of Jack Morris Rosenthal CBE, an English playwright, who wrote 129 early episodes of the ITV soap opera Coronation Street and over 150 screenplays, including original TV plays, feature films, and adaptations

1932: After spending part of the summer in Palestine Rabbi Israel Goldstein, the spiritual leader of Congregation B’Nai Jershurun and the President of the Jewish Conciliation court report returned to the United States yesterday on board the SS Europa and reported that Jewish life was developing a sense of strength and permanence. He also noted that the major building activities have changed the complexion of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa.

1933: Birthdate of Detroit native Paul Fleiss, the California doctor best known as the father of Heidi Fleiss.

1933: The Second World Jewish Congress met in Geneva and votes to organize a world-wide boycott of German goods in response to the actions of the Hitler government.

1933: Following the death today of King Faisal of Iraq, Ghazi bin Faisal began his reign during which he “fell under the sway of Dr. Fritz Grobba, Hitler’s ambassador to Iraq/”

1933: “One Man’s Journey” a doctor story produced by Pandro S. Berman was released in the United States by RKO.

1936: Following a greeting sent by President Roosevelt last week to American Jews on the occasion of the celebration of their upcoming holy days, “similar messages from two other Presidential candidates were announced today by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency.

1936: A preliminary conference of Christian and Jews organized by the Pro-Palestine Federation of America which is trying to mobilize and encourage Christian interest in the right of the Jews to establish a national home in Palestine took place in the Hotel Pennsylvania which was presided over by Franklyn Hudgings who said “We Christians stand on the side of God if we help the Jews.”

1936: “Arab Terrorism Answered” published today which included a summary of the British response to the last five months of Arab violence and plans for future moves to quell the uprising end with the conclusion that “For peace and cooperation between Jew and Arab in the common task of rebuilding Palestine depend on Britain’s showing unmistakably its determination to maintain its obligations under the Balfour Declaration.”

1936: In a three minute speech at Nuremberg’s City Hall, “Chancellor Adolf Hitler…proclaimed his restoration of ‘full arms sovereignty’ to the German national during the last year.”

1936: A preliminary conference of Christian and Jews organized by the Pro-Palestine Federation of America which is trying to mobilize and encourage Christian interest in the right of the Jews to establish a national home in Palestine is scheduled to take place in the Hotel Pennsylvania

1937: Nathaniel Shilkret conducted “An American Paris” during the George Gershwin Memorial Concert which was broadcast from the Hollywood Bowl.

1937: In Dayton, OH, “Bella (née Cabakoff) and Harry Wexner” gave birth to OSU alum and CEO of L Brands, Leslie H. Wexner, “the billionaire businessman, philanthropist and major Republican Party donor” who is the husband of attorney Abigail S. Koppel and father of Harry, Hannah, David and Sarah Koppel.

1938: Baron Louis Rothschild continues to be “detained at secret police headquarters” in Vienna “where he is not permitted to receive visitors.

1938: In Rome, “an authoritative source said today that Guido Serge, Italy’s Consul General in Boston has been recalled because he was Jewish while an official at the Italian Embassy took issue with that report because he claimed the decision to recall Serge had been made “prior to Mussolini’s announcement of the decree banning Jews from public posts.”

1939: Two hundred Jews were forced into the synagogue in Bedzin, Poland. The synagogue was then set on fire.

1939: Jews in Germany were ordered to mark all businesses with a Star of David

1941: One and half year old Joseph Brodsky and his family were among those trapped in Leningrad when the siege of that Russian, which would last for almost two and a half years, began today.

With the Germans having severed the last road out of Leningrad, the Siege of Leningrad began today

1941: The requirement Jews wear a yellow badge was annulled after five days by an order Romanian dictator Ion Antonesu issued today.

1942: In the House of Commons, Winston Churchill referred to the deportation of French Jews. No mention was made of the fate of rest of the Jews of Europe. This silence was not for lack of information available to the Allied governments.

1942: Composer, conductor and pianist Viktor Ullman whose “list of works had reached 41 opus numbers and contained an additional three piano sonatas, song cycles on texts by various poets, operas, and the piano concerto Op. 25” was deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp

1943: On the day that Eisenhower announced that Italy had surrendered unconditionally, "six battalions of German paratroopers" marched into Rome causing panic among the citizenry including a report that "The Jews are in a panic and trying to leave the city.

1943: The five thousand Jews deported from the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia Ghetto arrive at Auschwitz.

1943: In Croatia, the German Army occupied Dubrovnik which had been home to 250 Jews before the war and which is home to what is now the “oldest Sefardic synagogue still in use today.”

1943: Italian insurance executive and university professor Piero Scaerdoti took “refuge in Switzerland with his wife Ilse, his son Giorgio and his parents” to avoid further persecution by the Nazis who were now exercising greater control following Italy’s withdrawal from the Axis cause.

1944: Jermie Adler returned to Liege after it was liberated by U.S. troops today.  Adler was a Hungarian Jew who moved with his family to Liege before WW II.  The Nazis would kill them all except for one of his daughters.

1944: There were more reprisals in reaction to the Slovakia Uprisings. Einsatzkommando broke into Jewish homes and deported the Jewish population of Topolcany, Slovakia

1945(1st of Tishrei, 5706): Rosh Hashanah

1945: “Thousands of Jewish immigrants only recently freed from Nazi concentration camps celebrated the Jewish New Year in the Holy Land” where “Hebrew newspapers expressed the hope that the New Year would bring aid to all Jewish survivors of the Nazi plague in Europe including the 110,000 men, women and children now in Allied caps in occupied Germany.”

1945: In Vienna, General W. Mark W. Clark’s headquarters announced that all units were issuing twenty four hour passes so they could “join with the remnants of Austria’s Jewish population in the first open observance of the Jewish holy days in Austria since the Anschluss in 1938.

1945: In Vienna “3,500 Jews remaining from a pre-war Jewish population of 180,000 gathered in the ancient Stadt Temple for Rosh Hashanah Services.

1945: In his sermon today, Rabbi William F. Rosenblum of Temple Israel called “for a gathering of the world’s religious leaders a sequel to the San Francisco Conference” that created the United Nations.

1945: Rabbi J. Howard Ralberg of Congregation Ohav Shalom told worshippers that “we were now in an era of vigilance, work and enlightenment” and called “for continuous alertness against the recurrence of another catastrophe.”

1945” Rabbi David de Sola Pool of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue delivered a sermon on “The New Era of Peace.”

1945: At Temple Rodeph Shalom, Rabbi Louis I. Newman told his congregants “that in the midst of all discussions of a new age and new ways, we must remember that it is the heart and will of man which must be reconstructed.

1945: In a sermon delivered at the West Side Institutional Synagogue Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein “said that the religious of reconversion is at least as important as the material aspect.”

 1945: In his sermon Rabbi Zev Zahavy of Congregation Ohab Zedek “compared the scientific strides made during the war to the great task still ahead of moving toward a higher level in the sphere of human relations.”

1945(1st of Tishrei,5706): Lt. Col. Louis Geffen, a judge advocate in the US Army conducted “improvised High Holiday services” on board his ship which was sailing across the Pacific from California to the Philippines.

1945: On Rosh Hashanah, 5706, Bess Myerson was the first (and only) Jew to be crowned Miss America. Miss Myerson went on to enjoy a successful modeling and television career before take an active role in New York City politics.

1947: The refugee ship Exodus is returned to Hamburg and its cargo of 4500 holocaust survivors removed by force. Some claim that this act more than any other helped force international public opinion against British policy. Others would contend that this is a slightly romanticized view of the outcome of this episode. The saga of the Exodus did supply the opening scenes, and title for, Leon Uris' epic novel Exodus

1949: “Under Capricorn,” the film version of the novel by the same name co-produced by Sidney Bernstein and with music directed by Louis Levy was released today in the United Kingdom. .

1950: In a letter to the editor published on this date in the New York Times, Alfred Wener is critical of those who think removing Dr. Bernard (Dov) Josepher as Minister of Supply and Rationing will solve Israel’s economic crisis. He reminds the readers that Israel was created a year ago as a result of a long, expensive war and that it has been absorbing tens of thousands of immigrants most of whom are indigent. Part of the solution to the crisis could be found in massive financial aid and assistance from “the world at large.”

1951: It was announced today that Israel's acceptance of the United Nation's Palestine Conciliation Commission's invitation to a conference in Paris next week to discuss possible settlement of outstanding Israeli-Arab problems will be delivered to the commission tomorrow or Monday.

1952(18th of Elul, 5712): Seventy-one year old Rabbi Eugene M. Mannheimer who had married Irma Shloss Mannheimer in 1917 passed away after which he was buried at Emanuel Cemetery in Des Moines, IA.

1952: Israel agreed to accept reparation money from West Germany. The issue of accepting reparation money from West Germany was the cause of much acrimonious debate. Many in Israel did not want to take the money because they felt that no amount of funds could "buy" forgiveness for the Holocaust.

1952: Leonard Bernstein becomes a father with the birth of his daughter, Jamie Anne Maria.

1952: Birthdate of Israeli political leader Eli Aflalo, the native of Casablanca who made Aliyah in 1962.

1956(3rd of Tishrei, 5717): Shabbat Shuva

1956(3rd of Tishrei, 5717): Sixty-two year old historian, translator and author Jacob Levy whose works included “the translation of four of French-Jewish philosopher Henri Bergson's books into Hebrew” as well a series of history textbooks based on his belief “that studying historical dates is less important that learning the processes that led to historical events.” (Editor’s note – MY KIND OF GUY)

1956(3rd of Tishrei, 5717): Fifty-nine year old Sam Ash, the Jewish immigrant from the Austro-Hungarian Empire who founded “Sam Ash Music Corp.,  the largest family owned chain of musical instrument stores in the United States “ passed away today.

1959: Funeral services are scheduled to be held at The Riverside, for Nathan Hollander, the husband of Hannah Hollender and a member of Temple Israel at Lake Peekskill, NY>

1961(27th of Elul, 5721): Seventy-one year old Maxwell Parnes, the son of Louis and Clara Parnes and the husband of Sarah Blumberg Parnes, passed away today after which he was buried at Mount Hebron Cemetery in Flushing, NY.

1962: Having gained its independence from France, Algerians voted to adopt a new constitution. “When Algeria attained independence in 1962, legislation granted Algerian citizenship only to those residents whose father or paternal grandfather were Muslims. Moreover, the Supreme Court of Justice of Algeria declared that the Jews were no longer under the protection of the Law. Most of Algeria's 140,000 Jews left the country for France together with the pied-noirs; only about 10,000 stayed, a number that would rapidly decrease.” When the issue of “Palestinian refugee” is discussed, facts like these are never mentioned.

1963(19th of Elul, 5723): Eighty-two year old Polish born Hyman Goldstein, the Chicago tailor turned real estate agent who married Rebecca Goldstein after the death of his first wife Bella, passed away today.

1963(19th of Elul, 5723): Eighty-four year old Hungarian born Rabbi Morris David Waldman, the “professional head of the American Jewish Committee, the President of the National Conference of Jewish Communal Service and “executive of the United Hebrew Charities of New York” passed away today.

1963: “Dr. Emanuel Neumann, chairman of the American section of the Jewish Agency and the President of the World Confederation of General Zionists asserted today that the response of the American Jews community for assistance to meet the barest minimum required for the absorption and settlement of the increased wave of incoming refugees arriving in Israel by the scores of thousands ‘has been inadequate and disappointing.’” (As reported by JTA)

1964(2nd of Tishrei, 5725): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1964: Birthdate of professional wrestler Scott Levy.

1965: Martin and Ruth Bader Ginsberg gave birth to American record producer James Steven Ginsburg

1965(11th of Elul, 5725): Joshua Lionel Cowen passed away. Born in 1880, he was the American inventor of electric model trains who founded the Lionel Corporation (1901), which became the largest U.S. toy train manufacturer. At age 18, he had invented a fuse to ignite the magnesium powder for flash photography, which the Navy Department bought from him to be a fuse to detonate submarine mines. He designed an early battery tube light, but without practical application. (His partner, Conrad Hubert, to whom he gave the rights improved it and founded the Eveready Flashlight Company.) At age 22, he created a battery-powered train engine intended only as an eye-catcher for other goods in a store window. To his surprise, many customers wanted to purchase the toy train. Thus he started a model railroad company

1966(23rd of Elul, 5726): Seventy-two year old Willard Hotel manager and long-time member of the United States Olympic Committee, Charles Lewis Manager who worked on physical fitness programs for the U.S. Army, helped to create the Maccabiah Games and was married first to the former Anne Bernstein, and then after she passed way, to the former Aletha Marlott passed away today.

1966: “Kaleidoscope” a British film produced by Elliot Kastner and Jerry Gershwin premiered today in London.

1969: Two Arabs recruited by Al Fatah lobbed hand grenades at the El Al office in Brussels.

1969: In a case of “Jew plus Jew” Yaphet Kotto began playing the part of “Jack Johnson” in the Howard Sackler’s prize-winning play, “The Great White Hope.”

1971: In Washington, DC, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is inaugurated with the opening feature being the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's Mass. Yes, only in America would a civic opera house feature a Catholic themed musical creation written by a Jewish citizen.

1972(29th of Elul, 5732): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1972: “Chancellor Willy Brandt said today that his Government wanted a “frank” and “ruthless” inquiry into the killings touched off by an Arab terrorist raid on the Israeli Olympic team…”

1972: “Special prayers will be recited in synagogue and temples at sundown today for the slain Israeli Olympic athletes as the observance of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year of 5773 begins” this evening.

1972: In his sermon this evening at the Fifth Avenue Synagogue, Rabbi Emanuel Rackmen said the Munich Massacre “was only one manifestation of the abandonment of reason by lunatics.”

1972: In his annual High Holiday message published today, “Rabbi Louis Bernstein, president of the Rabbinical Council of America asserted that Rosh Hashanah represented the ‘struggle between the spiritual and material for the possession of the hearts and minds of mankind” and “in a reference to the Munich Massacre called on all nations “to put an end to these wanton acts of murder.”

1972: In his annual High Holiday message, “Rabbi Irving Lehrman, president of the Synagogue Council of America” which “is the representative body of Reform, Conservative and Orthodox Congregations” “called on the American Jewish community not to neglect its own religious and culture needs.”

1972: “Rabbi Louis Bernstein, president of the Rabbinical Council of America said at the Young Israel of Windsor Park” in Queens, “that the council’s affiliated Orthodox rabbis through the country should memorialize the victims” of the Munich Massacre.

1972: “Condemning the Arab terror in Munich” Dr. Edward E. Klein, the senior rabbi of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue said that the attack “indicated the barbaric lengths to which Arab terrorism will go.

1972: In his annual High Holiday message which comes just weeks before the Presidential elections, “Rabbi Judah Nadich, president of the Rabbinical Assembly voiced the prayer that those ‘who aspire to high office in our country will speak and act in a manner which reflects the demands of Justice for all tempered by the demands of compassion for all.”

1972: It was reported today that while some claim that Black September which considered Jordan to be one of its enemies  has about 300 members, Israeli military sources say that the number is more in the thousands, that that terrorist group “has received support from leftist organization in Europe including the Bader-Meinhoff group as well as governments like Libya and that this terrorist group received the “$5 million ransom that the German government paid last winter for a hijacked Lufthansa jet.”

1973(3rd of Tishrei, 5717): Shabbat Shuvah

1975: As the Soviets continue to work to cement their relationships with their Arab client states, President Assad began a visit to Czechoslovakia.

1975: David Bloomberg completed two years of services Mayor of Cape Town, SA.

1976: It was reported today that Uganda’s National Defense Council warned President Amin against attacking Kenya because it would suffer the same economic dislocation it experienced after it threatened its neighbor last summer following “the Israeli raid to free the hostages at the Entebbe airport.

1977: In a case of Jew versus Jew, Roy M. Goodman defeated Barry Farber in today’s New York City Republican Mayoral Primary

1977:  Edward I. Koch won a plurality of the vote in today’s New York City Democratic Mayoral Primary running against a field that included incumbent Abraham Beame and Bella Abzug.

1977: Sir Arnold Wesker”s “The Merchant” (later renamed “Shylock” had it first out of town performance in Philadelphia, PA with Zero Mostel in the role of Shylock.

1977: Seventy-seven year old Friedrich Mandl, the Austrian arms dealer who flirted with fascism and tried to deal with Goering despite the fact that his father was Jewish and who was the husband of Hedy Lamar passed away today.

1977(25th of Elul, 5737): Zero Mostel whose most famous role came as Tevye in "Fiddler on the Roof" passed away.

1978: “I Miss You, Hugs and Kisses” a murder mystery directed and produced by Murray Markowitz who also wrote the script and featuring music by Howard Shore was released today in Canada.”

1978: “Almost Summer” a “youth” movie produced by Rob Cohen and featuring Didi Conn was released today in the United States.

1981: ''Ya'acobi and Leidental,'' a comedy by the Israeli playwright Hanoch Levine, will begin a two-week American premiere engagement tonight at the La Mama Annex, 74A East Fourth Street.

1983(1st of Tishrei, 5744): Rosh Hashanah

1985(22nd of Elul, 5745): Joseph B. Levin, former Assistant General Counsel of the Securities and Exchange Commission, attorney at law and the most demanding teacher I ever had at Adas Israel Religious School passed away. Husband of Deborah and father of Judy, Mitchell and David Levin amongst other things he predicted that “someday somebody will pay you to write a simple declarative sentence.” Much to my surprise, he turned out to be right in a way he never could have imagined.

1986: Dr. Arthur M. Sackler “participated in ground-breaking ceremonies for the Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology at Peking University and the Jill Sackler Sculpture Court and Garden.”

1987: Birthdate of Danielle Frenkel, “the Israeli high jumper who was the first Israel to clear 1.90 meters.”

1987: As employers search for qualified workers in the Northeast, the New York Times reports on the creative ways that employers are dealing with the labor shortage seeking including that of a small-business executive Brian Waxler, vice president of Bruegers Bagel Bakery, a chain of four profitable bagel-and-coffee shops in downtown Boston. For several weeks this summer, signs in the shops offered a dozen free bagels ''for any information leading to the hiring of a bookkeeper.'' A customer finally won the bagels by providing the name of a man who was hired for $21,000 a year, Mr. Waxler said. ''If he had wanted much more money, we would have gotten by without a bookkeeper,'' Mr. Waxler added.

1988: “Earth Girls Are Easy,” musical sci-fi comedy starring Jeff Goldblum premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival.

1991(29th of Elul, 5751): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1991(29th of Elul, 5751): Eighty year old Oscar nominated composer, Chester, PA, native, Alex North (Isadore Soifer) passed away today in Los Angeles.  (Personal note: Author of this blog lived in Chester for three years at a time when the sign said “What Chester makes, makes Chester” referring to Baldwin locomotive works and Scott Toilet Paper)

1993: New York State Attorney General announced his resignation today saying that it would take effect on the last day of 1993.

1994: Premiere of “Whale Music” a comedy drama starring Maury Chaykin.

1995(13th of Elul, 5755): Eighty-nine year old Israeli historian and archeologist Benjamin Mazar passed away. (As reported by Joel Greenberg)

1995: “To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar,” a comedy film directed by Beeban Kidron was released today in the United States.

1995: Olga Vsevolodovna Ivinskaya the long-time lover of Jewish author Boris Pasternak and the inspiration for the character “Lara” passed away today.

1996: Alfred H. Moses, the United States Ambassador to Romania, described the impact of his Jewish heritage on his career and his life.

1996: Moses Montefiore, who made a fortune in the 19th century as an associate of the banking house of Rothschild, is the subject of an exhibition at Temple Israel in New Rochelle that opens with a reception today. “Montefiore, for whom the hospital in the Bronx is named, was born in Italy in 1784, but acquired his wealth and reputation as a diplomat and international advocate for Jews in his adopted country, England, where he lived for most of his 100 years. In 1837 he was knighted by Queen Victoria for his diplomatic work on behalf of the British Government, and in ameliorating the suffering of persecuted Jews in Russia, Syria and Morocco. He attained the rank of baronet in the 1840's and continued to travel around the world on diplomatic missions until he was 93, ceasing only because he was restrained by family and doctors.”

1997(6th of Elul, 5757): Seventy-nine year old Maurice Levine, the “founder of the 92nd Street Y’s Lyrics and Lyricist Series, the husband of Bobbi Baird and father of Tedra, Michael, Whitney and Sigmund Levine, passed away today.

1998: Pitcher Keith Glauber made his major league debut with the Cincinnati Reds.

1998: “The Rounders” a dark film about the world of high-stakes poker with a script by David Levien and Brian Koppelman and co-starring Martin Landau was featured at the Deauville Film Festival.

1999(27th of Elul, 5759): Eighty-eight year old Louise Levin, the Pittsburgh, PA born daughter of “Oscar William Oppenheimer and Claude Siesel  and the sister of James Siesel Oppenheimer passed away today in Charlottesville, VA.

1999: Future Academy Award winner “American Beauty,” directed by Sam Mendes whose mother was “an English Jew,” produced by Bruce Cohen and with musice by Thomas Newman, the son of Alfred Newman was screened for the first time at Grauman’s Theatre in Los Angeles.

2002: “Miss Peach,” “a syndicated comic strip created by Mell Lazarus appeared for the last time today.

2002: A production of “Pacific Overtures,” “a musical written by Stephen Sondheim and John Weidman” set in Japan when the Americans were arriving in 1853 came to a close at the Kennedy Center’s Eisenhower Theatre.

2002: After more than forty-five years, Mell Lazarus’s “Miss Peach,” a comic strip whose title character was a teacher” was printed for the last time in its original format.

2002: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Longitudes and Attitudes Exploring the World After September 11 by Thomas L. Friedman, The Fall of Berlin: 1945 by Antony Beevor and Bronx Boy: A Memoir by Jerome Charyn.

2002: The first season of “The Wire” a gritty crime show set in Baltimore created by David Simon.

2003: On MSNBC’s “Scarborough Country” Alan Dershowitz said "I will give $10,000 to the PLO... if you can find a historical fact in my book (The Case For Israel) that you can prove to be false."

2003(11th of Elul, 5763): Canadian actress Jaclyn Michelle Linetsky passed away at the age of 17.

2004: Full of pride and joy, members and friends of Congregation Chasam Sopher celebrated the completed first phase of the restoration of the 150-year-old synagogue at 6 Clinton St. today and the beginning of a 12-month writing of a new Torah scroll. (As reported by Albert Amateau)

2004: Terrorists from the Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigade failed to kill or injure anybody when they launched an attack at the Baka al-Sharkiyeh checkpoint attack.

2004: “Paperclips,” a documentary about middle school class in Tennessee that began a project designed to collect six million paperclips as a way of studying the Holocaust was released in the United States today.

2005: Today Robert Magnus began serving as the 30th Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps

2005(4th of Elul, 5765): Seventy-nine year old “independent music publisher” Fred Alhert, Jr., the son of songwriter Fred Emil Ahlert passed away today in San Francisco.

2005: New Jersey state senator Byron Baer resigns from the New Jersey State Senate for reasons of health. “Shortly before he retired from the Senate, the New Jersey Association of Jewish Federations presented Baer with the Shem Tov and Distinguished Service awards. Jeffrey Maas, then executive director of the association, said Baer was responsible for making sure Jewish community centers, nursing homes, and social service agencies received extensive state funding.”

2005: In one of the most monumentally stupid remarks ever made by a Jewish leader (or anybody else for that matter) “Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, a former chief rabbi and the spiritual leader of the ultra-Orthodox Shas movement, said today that Hurricane Katrina was God's punishment for U.S. President George W. Bush's support for Israel's Gaza pullout.”

2006(15th of Elul, 5766): Ninety-one year Hilda Bernstein an anti-apartheid activist and author whose husband was tried for treason alongside Nelson Mandela passed away today.

2007: Ruth Messinger speaks at Durham's Judea Reform Congregation on "Jews as Global Citizens." Messinger challenging Jews to increase their commitment to solving world crises

2007: In Jerusalem the sixth and the closing concert of Jewish Music Days is held at the Beit Avi Chai. This last concert, closest to Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, is aptly entitled Song and Prayer. The focus of this concert is a contemporary look at Spanish and Ethiopian poets of the Middle Ages combined with jazz and Jewish soul music.

2007(25th of Elul, 5767): In the evening, Selichot.

2008: The Yeshiva University Museum and the Center for Jewish History in cooperation with The Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Germany and the German National Tourist Office hosts a reception for a program styled, “Erfurt: Jewish Treasures from Medieval Ashkenaz

2008: The American Israeli Paper Mills Group (AIPM; Niyar Hadera) showed President Shimon Peres their newest invention, pipes made of paper fibers and plastic. They are so strong, CEO Avi Brener told Peres, they are almost as tough as steel.

2008: “Before his final game as an Astro today the team paid tribute to Brad Ausmus with a humorous video” which may have been the inspiration for  the 2-run home run he it in the 3rd inning of the game.

2009: Journalist and videographer Max Blumenthal discussed and signed Republican Gomorrah: Inside the Movement that Shattered the Party at Politics and Prose Bookstore in Washington D.C.

2009: The Tower of David Museum in Jerusalem's Old City, hosts a nighttime concert of some of the best cantors, or hazzanim, around, singing those very songs that make the High Holiday services so long, yet special, and throwing in a few other "hits" as well.

2009: The British military announced today that it has installed its first-ever Jewish Civilian Chaplain to the armed forces. Rabbi Arnold Saunders will be responsible for the spiritual and pastoral care of serving Jewish personnel in all three services - army, navy and air force.

2010(29th of Elul, 5770): Erev Rosh Hashanah

2010: A mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip this morning landed near several children’s' school buildings in a Sha'ar Hanegev regional council kibbutz, some 30 minutes prior to the students' scheduled arrival.

2010(29th of Elul, 5770): Major General Israel Tal, “who helped lay the foundations for the IDF” and played a key role in the Merkava, Israel’s premier battle tank, passed away today in Rehovet.  (As reported by Ethan Bronner)

 2010: Canadian actress Jessalyn Sarah Gilsig filed for divorce from Bobby Salomon today.

2010(29th of Elul, 5770): Eighty-four year old the literary magazine maven Thomas Guinzburg who founded The Paris Review, passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

2010(29th of Elul, 5770): Eighty-four year old folk music maven Irwin Silber passed away. (As reported by William Grimes)

2011: A unique concert featuring the stirring words of Holocaust survivors is scheduled to take today place at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem. It will be performed by the Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra and soloists and choirs from Israel and the United States.

2011: “Fallen Empires,” the second solo exhibition by Shai Kremer, is scheduled to open at the Julie Saul Gallery in New York City.

2011: An exhibition of new photography by Tal Shochat, “In Praise of a Dream” is scheduled to open at The Andrea Meislin Gallery in New York.

2011: Thomas Friedman and Michael Mandelbaum are scheduled to appear at the 6th & I Historic Synagogue where they will promote In That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It Invented and How We Can Come Back  another in a series of books by Mr. Friedman that offer the roadmap to save the world.

2011: This evening the Tel Aviv District Court issued a temporary injunction preventing the removal of the protest tents on Rothschild Boulevard, pending a response to a petition filed by protesters.

2011: A French court handed out a 6,000 euro ($8,421) suspended fine to John Galliano today after finding him guilty of anti-Semitic behavior, marking the end in a fall from grace for the former head designer of fashion house Dior.

2011: Noam Shalit told a news conference today that he came to New York to meet with diplomats from many countries and UN officials to press for his son's release ahead of expected Palestinian moves seeking UN recognition later this month.

2011: The pro-Israel organization J Street decided to reject the Palestinian statehood bid in its new position paper, aligning with the Obama administration's position to oppose the unilateral move.

2012: Kandi Abelson & David Kilimnick are scheduled to perform in Jerusalem at the Off the Wall Comey Basement

2012: An evening of Jerusalem Folk Music featuring Caanan Country and The Heeby Gee Bees is scheduled to take place Motzei Shabbat at Beit Yehudit.

2012: In the evening, Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is scheduled to observe Selichot with its annual Changing of the Torah Covers ceremony, services and study session. In the “heartland,” am yisroel chai.

2012: Iran accused Canada on Saturday of "hostile behavior" under Israeli and British influence after Ottawa cut diplomatic relations, and it raised the prospect of swift retaliation.

2012: Egypt and Israel are coordinating on Cairo's biggest security sweep in decades against militants in Sinai, in which 32 people have been killed, an army spokesman said today, the first clear statement on communication between the neighbors.

2013: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish writers and or of special interest to Jewish readers including Dissident Gardens by Jonathan Latham and examination of the question by Zoe Heller and Adam Kirsch “Are Novelists Too Wary of Criticizing Other Novelists?”

2013: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor its 4th Annual Cycle Fest.

2013: Peter Shurman “was removed from the position” of PC Caucus Finance Critic “after a heated exchange with” his party leader “in which he refused to repay a housing allowance he had received for a Toronto apartment.”

2013: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform at the Five Star Premier Residences in Chevy Chase, MD.

2013: “Fire In My Heart: The Story of Hannah Senesh” is scheduled to come to an at the Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center.

2013: Israel complained to the US regarding Palestinian officials leaking classified details about ongoing peace negotiations, an Israeli government official said today. (As reported by Aaron Kalman)
2013: The Air Force set up an Iron dome missile defense battery in the Jerusalem area on Sunday, as the United States lobbied for domestic and international support for military strikes against Syria. The decision was made after situation assessments by the IDF. (As reported by Yoav Zitun)

2013: “The Jews of Egypt,” “a documentary on Egypt’s Jewish community” directed by Amir Ramses “won an award for ‘best documentary’ at the Malmo film festival in Sweden.” (Times of Israel)

2014: “The UN Permanent Mission of Palau and the Engr Aja Eze Foundation are scheduled to sponsor a conference on “Global Anti-Semitism: A Threat to International Peace and Security” at the United Nations Headquarters facility in New York City (As reported by Arutz Sheva)

2014: “Right-wing Israeli poltiicians came out in support of a reported Egytian-propsed deal to cede land in the Sinai to a future Palestinian state as a means of resolving the refugee issue.”

2014: “A Special Film Viewing of Rare Archival Footage from a Century of the American Joint Distribution Committee (JDC” is scheduled to take place this afternoon at the Center for Jewish History

2014: Indian security officials warned that the “likelihood of attacks traveling in India Has increased” “citing al-Qaeda’s recent public announcement of expansion into the Asian sub-continent.”

2014(13th of Elul, 5774): Eighty-eight year old health economist Rashi Fein who played a key role in the creation of Medicare passed away today.

2014(13th of Elul, 5774): Ninety-four year old impresario Tibor Rudas who was shipped to Begen-Belsen because his father was Jewish passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

2015: In Falls Church, VA, Rodef Shalom is scheduled to help its congregants prepare for the holiday season by offering a 10% discount tonight when it keeps its Gift Shop open for a special evening sale.

2015: The Jewish Historical Society of England is scheduled to host a lecture by Professor Michael Spiro on “The Story of Penicillin.”

2015: At a time when his power had not been dimmed charges of sexual misconduct, this even Les Moonves appeared on the premiere of “The Late Show with Stephen Colbert” “operating a large switch which he could use to switch back to reruns of ‘The Mentalist’ if he was unhappy with” this new late night venture.

2015(24th of Elul, 5776): Eighty-five year old real estate developer and television producer Merv Adelson passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

2015: Barry Freundal, the “rabbi who went to jail for installing secret cameras in the mikvah…adjacent to his synagogue wrote a letter of apology today in which he said, “I am sorry, beyond measure, for my heinous behavior and the perverse mindset that provoked by actions.”

2015: Under the leadership of Manford Levy, Post 436 of the Jewish War Veterans are scheduled to have their luncheon meeting in Maumelle, AR.

2016: “Five Arabs from northern Israel were sentenced to multiple-year jail terms” today “for joining the Islamic State and planning to carry out attacks in Israel in the terror group’s name.”

2016: As students return to the University of Iowa, Hillel is scheduled to host an evening of Bowling with AEPi fraternity.

2016: Thirty-two year old billionaire Dustin Moskovitz wrote about the 20 million dollars he is donating to defeat Donald Trump in a posting tonight on the website Medium.

2016: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host “Holocaust Reparations and Restitutions” where attorney William R. Marks, “a nationally-recognized expert in the field of German reparations and restitution will share his experiences.”

2016(5th of Elul, 5776): Ninety-two year Greta Zimmer Friedman, the Jewish refugee whose Times Square kiss from a sailor on the day World War II ended became an iconic photo passed away today.

For more see

2016: JW3, also known as Jewish Community Centre London is scheduled to host a final screening of “Rabin, The Last Day.”

2016: “The Kremlin announced today that Israeli and Palestinian leaders have agreed ‘in principle’ to resume peace talks in Moscow.”

2016: As part of year’s Jerusalem Season of Culture, or Mekudeshet, “a nighttime of sounds, voices and music around a bonfire” is scheduled to take place in the Jerusalem Forest.

2017: Today,  “House Republicans hissed and booed senior Trump administration officials” including Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin “as they pitched the President’s deal with Democrats to increase” the debt limit.

2017: A hearing is scheduled to be held concerning a temporary restraining order that has been to block the demolition of the Chevra Anshei Lubavitch Synagogue “which is housed in a structure built in 1906 and is the oldest operating synagogue in Borough Park.”

2017: Tony Levine, the special team’s coordinator is scheduled to take the field as Purdue plays its second game against Ohio University.

2017: The Stephen Wise Free Synagogue is scheduled to a “celebration of Shabbat for families with children of all ages featuring a cater dinner with wine, back-to-school-themed crafts and games, cookie decorating, and more.

2017: In Tel Aviv, the Israeli Society for Dance Research in collaboration with Diver Festival and with the Israeli Dance Archive Beit Ariela is scheduled to host “Retrospective – Body, material, object.”

2017: As Floridians await the scheduled arrival of Hurricane Irma, the Jewish community is making preparations including Temple Sinai in North Miami Beach where Rabbi Alan Litwak said “his synagogue has already cancelled programs that might coincide with the flood and Bet Shira Congregation where Rabbi Mark Kula has made arrangements to wrap the Torah scrolls “in two layers of plastic, put them in van and take them to a local banks where they are placed on table in a walk-vault built to sustain storms and floods.”

2017: “Israel’s Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit announced today that he intends to indict Mrs Netanyahu for fraud for allegedly diverting some NIS 360,000 ($102,000) of shekels in public funds for her own use.” (As reported by Raoul Wootliff)

2017: In Memphis, Temple Israel is scheduled to celebrate a “Musical Shabbat.”

2018: The three day Meteor Music Festival is scheduled to come to an end.

2018: Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to host “Shabbat-themed games, stories and performances” for family members 3 years of age and older.

2018(27th of Elul, 5778):  Last Shabbat of 5778; Parashat Nitzavim;

2019: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Karl Marx: Philosophy and Revolution by Shlomo Avineri, Learnng From the Germans: Race and the Memory of Evil by Susan Neiman, Audience of One: Donald Trump, Television and the Fracturing of America by James Poniewozik and the recently released paperback editions of The Chosen Wars: How Judaism Became an American Religion by Steven R. Weisman

2019: In Coralville, IA, Agudas Achim is scheduled to Darryl Heller speaking on “Black and Jewish Relations in Historical Perspective.”

2019: In Jerusalem, the Off the Wall Comedy Theatre is scheduled to host “David Kilimnick’s Rabbinically Approved Comedy Special” this evening

2019: In Washington, DC, this afternoon, The Lillian and Albert Small Capital Jewish Museum is scheduled to host  “I Dissent: Kids Taking a Stand” which will feature readings of I Dissent by Debbie Levy, a display of white lace collars worn by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and a discussion of attendees “might dissent.”

2019: The Jewish Museum exhibition “Leonard Cohen: A Crack in Everything” is scheduled to come to an end today.

2019: The Jewish Historical Society of Hong Kong is scheduled to host a “Jewish Cemetery Tour” led by Howard Elias who “will share the stories of some of the cemetery’s more notable residents, which includes members of the Kadoorie, Belilios, Sassoon, Odell and Weill families…”

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