Monday, September 23, 2019

This Day, September 24, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin

September 24

416: “Roman emperors Honorius and Theodosius II order that any Jews who have joined the Christian church to avoid punishments for crimes must be allowed to return to Judaism because, in the long run, Christianity will be better off without them.”

622: Prophet Muhammad completes his hijra from Mecca to Medina. According to at least one source, Muhammad had gone to Medina by some of the local clans who were looking for an outside arbiter to settle the conflicts between the Arabs and members of a Jewish tribe called the Banu Qurayza.

768: Pippin the Short, King of the Franks passed way. Pippin allowed the Jews of Narbonne in the territory of Septimania (modern day southern France) to enjoy a measure of freedom and prosperity in return for their help in fighting the Moors.

1038: Jews in Granada celebrate a special Purim commemoration after the capture of the Muslim leader Ibn Abbas who was brought to Granada, killed, and beheaded by a rival (and Jewish tolerant) Muslim faction.

1272: Edward I, a leader of the Ninth Crusade and the King who expelled the Jews from England, left Acre today on the first leg of a trip that would take him to Sicily where he would learn of his father’s death.

1491: In an example of the Blood Libel, Benito Gracia, a Converso was accused today of taking part in the mutilation and murder of Christian child in what would lead to the creation of the legend of “The Holy Child of La Guardia.”

1652: English playwright Richard Brome, the author of “The Jewish Gentleman” a worked created when there were no Jews living in the kingdom, passed away today.

1569: Birthdate of Ernst of Schaumburg the German count who “granted the first permanent residence permits to Ashkenazic Jews so that they could settle in Altona starting in 1611.

1659: As part of an attempt by Anton Hulsisu to convert Jacob Abendana to Christianity, the two began a debate via correspondence over the meaning of a verse in the Book of Haggai: "The latter splendor of this house shall be greater than the former" (2:9), which Hulsius attempted to prove was a reference to the Church.” Unlike similar debates that had taken place in Spain and France, this exchange was amicable and posed no threat to the well-being of the Jewish community.

1664: The Dutch Republic surrenders New Amsterdam to England. The English re-name the city after the Duke of York and call it New York since there was already a York in England. If it had not been for the name change we would all be looking at New Amsterdam style delis.

1665: One of the two dates given for the death of Jacob Lumbrozo who was the first Jewish person to settle in Maryland, arriving in the colony controlled by the Calverts in 1656.

1683: The Jews were expelled from all French possessions in America. The Jews would return to Quebec in 1759 when the British were victorious in the French and Indian War.

1758: After yet another blood libel in Poland, the Jewish community sent Jacob Zelig to Rome to seek relief from the Pope. He convinced Pope Benedict XIV to start an investigation. Cardinal Ganganelli (Clement XVI) wrote an unequivocal condemnation of the libels and asked the Holy See to intervene in Poland to stop the accusations.

1762: Birthdate of Frankfurt am Main of Moses Schreiber, the son of Shumuel and Reizel who gained fames as Moses Sofer, “known by the name of his work "Hatam Sofer", one of the leading Orthodox rabbis of Austrian - Hungarian Jewry in the first half of the nineteenth century” and “a powerful opponent to the Reform movement in Judaism…”

1759(3rd of Tishrei, 5520): Tzom Gedaliah

1761: Birthdate of Dutch journalist, translator and author Moses ben Zaddik Belifante

1768: Birthdate of historian Sharon Turner, the friend of Isaac D’Israeli who advised him to have his children, including Benjamin, baptized during the elder D’Isreali’s dispute with Bevis Marks Synagogue.

1789: The office of U.S. Attorney General was established. Edward Levi, an appointee of Republican President Gerald Ford, was the first Jewish Attorney General. He served from 1975 to 1977. Judge Michael Mukasey has been nominated by George Bush for the position. If approved, he will be only the second Jew to be nation’s top lawyer.

1794(29th of Elul, 5554): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1797: Birthdate of Gibraltar native Samuel Levy Bensusan.

1805(1st of Tishrei, 5566): Rosh Hashanah

1814(10th of Tishrei, 5575): Yom Kippur

1819: In Sussex, Henrietta Rothschild and Abraham Joseph Montefiore gave birth to Nathan Mayer Montefiore, the husband of Emma Goldsmid.

1828(16th of Tishrei, 5589): Eighty-eight year old Michael Klapp, the husband of Sara Klapp passed away today.

1832(29th of Elul, 5592): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1832: Jews living in Sydney, Australia, gathered in Mr. Rowell's shop on George Street which has been fitted out as a synagogue to begin the observance of Rosh Hashanah.

1835(1st of Tishrei, 5596): Rosh Hashanah

1839(16th of Tishrei, 5600) Second Day of Sukkoth

1841(9th of Tishrei, 5602): Kol Nidre

1841(9th of Tishrei, 5602): Forty-one year old Abraham Basch who was secretary to the Mayor Landsberg and a teacher of Hebrew a Weyl’s seminary before it closed which left him to live of poverty, passed away today in Berlin.

1841(9th of Tishrei, 5602): Forty-one year old poet and teacher Abraham Basch passed away today.

1843(29th of Elul, 5603): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1855: Sir Charles Wilson received his first commission in the Royal Engineers. Wilson would put his engineering skills to good used when he would conduct the survey of Jerusalem in 1864 and 1865. He published his findings in Notes on the Ordinance Survey of Jerusalem.

1856: “The Swiss Federal Council granted the Jews full political rights within Aargau, as well as broad business rights. However the majority Christian population did not abide by these new liberal laws fully

1858: In Berkshire, VT, George Edmund Foss and Marcia Noble Foss gave birth to Eugene Noble Foss the 45th Governor of Massachusetts who had employed Leo Frank in 1906 and was a leader in the fight to have his conviction overturned because he was sure Frank had not received a fair trial.

1862(29th of Elul, 5622): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1862: As Jews prepare to greet the New Year, fourteen governors declared their support for Lincoln’s recently issued Emancipation Proclamation proving that the New Year will be a time of new beginnings for those held in the bondage of slavery.

1865: “Robert W. Nathan and Annie Florence Nathan whose ancestor were among the early settlers of New York City” gave birth to Harold Nathan, the graduate of Columbia University Law School who was a “partner in the law firm of Cook, Nathan, Lehman and Greenman,” a member of Temple Emanuel and the husband of Sallie Gruntal Nathan with whom he had two children – Marian and Robert, “the novelist and poet.”

1866(15th of Tishrei, 5627): Sukkoth

1868: The Very Reverend Henry Hart Milman, an English historian and ecclesiastic, passed away. In 1829, Milman published History of the Jews, “which is memorable as the first by an English clergyman which treated the Jews as an Oriental tribe, recognized sheikhs and amirs in the Old Testament, sifted and classified documentary evidence, and evaded or minimized the miraculous.” It is not known how the Jews reacted to this work, but his fellow Christians were upset enough to slow his climb up the ecclesiastical ladder.

1868: In Gliwice, businessman Isidor Friend and his wife Cecilia Nothmann gave birth to Rabbi Samuel Friend.

1869: Birthdate of Alexander Büchler, the son of Talmudist Phineas Büchler, who became a rabbi and teacher in the Hungarian Jewish community. He was murdered at Auschwitz in July of 1944.

1871(9th of Tishrei, 5632): Erev Yom Kippur

1871: In Vicksburg, Nicholas Scharff and the former Carrie Bernheimer gave birth to their first child Edward E. Scharff.

1871: It was reported today that violence had broken out in El-Kesar, a Moroccan town with 9,000 inhabitants, a sizable number of whom are Jewish. The clash was between members of the Shereef family that had come from Fez to celebrate a wedding and people living in the surrounding mountains who decided to “join” in the festivities. After presenting their wedding gifts, this band of 2,000 mostly young men attacked and robbed the custom house and the local market. Then they went to the Jewish Quarter, beat the inhabitants, fired their rifles into their homes wounding many of the inhabitants and then took as plunder whatever they wished. They then left for their mountain homes.

1872: David Salomons married Cecilia Samuels today.

1872(21st of Elul, 5632): Hannah Leo, the wife of Henry Leo, who was President of the Auxiliary Society of the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, passed away

1873(3rd of Tishrei, 5634):Tzom Gedaliah

1875(24th of Elul, 5635): Fifty-eight year old M. Guedalla passed way today at Cambrian Villas, Beaumont, Jersey, UK.

1876: Based on information that first appeared in the London Jewish Herald, it was reported today that for the past four or five years Jews have been returning to Palestine in unprecedented numbers. The Jewish population of Jerusalem has doubled in the past ten years. Most of the immigrants have come from Russia.

1876: In Paris, France, “Joseph and Marguerite (Klatz) Blum gave birth CCNY, Columbia and Ecole Des Bes Beaux Arts trained architect Edward Isaac Blum, the husband of Irene Miller who formed a partnership with his brother that enabled to design numerous structures including several Upper West Side apartment houses and one at 322 Central Park West.

1876: The Jews of Austin, Texas met at the Odd Fellows Hall and organized Congregation Beth Israel.

1876: The Austin Daily Statesman noted that all other Texas cities of similar size had synagogues so “we can see no reason why Austin should not keep company with them.”

1878: As the Yellow Fever Epidemic continues to grip the Deep South, it was reported today that the children of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of New York “have received a touching letter from Isaacson and Sims of New Orleans acknowledging the receipt of $10.84” which the Jewish orphans had raised in small sums to provide relief for the 200 infants living at St. Vincent’s. Disease does not recognize religious differences and neither does extending a helping hand.

1879: Four days after he had passed away, Lionel Lawson, the son of Moses Levy and the former of Helena Moses, was buried at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery” today.

1879: It was reported today that the Romanian legislators have rejected a motion that would have the government ignore the provisions of the Treaty of Berlin that called for the emancipation of the Jews. The legislators also rejected that the emancipation process be applied only to individual Jews. This clears the way for the government to introduce a measure that will provide full citizenship for the Jews living in Romania.

1881(1st of Tishrei, 5642): Rosh Hashanah1881: In New York City, Louis and Mary Strauss Frankenthaler gave birth to State Supreme Court Justice Alfred Frankenthaler.

1881: It was reported today that a special meeting of the Board of Deputies has been called to prepare a condolence message for the widow of the late President Garfield.  The Board of Deputies is the major organization representing the Jewish community in the United Kingdom

1882: Leopold Bloch, the son of Samuel and Jeanette Bloch and his second wife Klara Bloch gave birth to Bella Bloch today

1882: Birthdate of Weimer, TX and Columbia University trained attorney Leon Lauterstein, “a trust of the Federation of the Jewish Philanthropies of New York” and the husband of the “former Margaret Weil” with whom he had three children – Lincoln, Henry and Janet.

1882: “Judicial Torture In Hungary” published today described events surrounding the disappearance of Christian girl at Tisza Eszlar and the arrest of  a married couple named Schart following claims that the Jews had killed her and “disposed of her remains.” The couple’s attorney has addressed a petition to the Minister President “revealing a state of things in Hungary worthy only of the Middle Ages.”

1882: It was reported today that 17,693,643 Catholics living in Austria make up 92% of the population.  There are 1,005,394 Jews living in the country

1882: “Il Giudeo” published today recounts the life of Il Giudeo, the 16th century Jewish renegade, from Smyrna who made his fortune sailing the Mediterranean

1883: The “New Books Received” list published today included The Laws of Marriage, “containing the Hebrew and Roman law concerning the impediments to marriage and the dissolution of the marriage bond” by John Fuller and Hannah: One of the Strong Women by Julia McNair Wright.

1883 “Caring For Poor Hebrew Children reported today that the Hebrews Sheltering and Guardian Society has cared for 418 children between the ages of 2 and 15 since it was opened.  Currently the society is taking care of 175 children, an increase of 55 since last year. Besides providing programs for poor children that include several summer excursions, the society has provided 8, 392 meals to poor Jewish citizens.

1884: “Hebrew Society Startled” published today described the refusal of Mr. and Mrs. Solomon Scheuer to comment on events surrounding the elopement their daughter Sarah.  Sarah Scheur the 19 year old Jewish heiress left New York to run away with Henry C. Friedman, a stock broker who is ten years her senior and “well known as a society man.”

1885(15th of Tishrei, 5646): Sukkoth is celebrated for the first time during the Presidency of Grover Cleveland.

1886: In New Haven, CN, Father John Maloney of St. Johns Roman Catholic Church officiated at the marriage of one his parishioners,Kittie Cannon and David Bretzfelder, a 28 year old Jewish letter carrier

1887: In New York, Judge White is scheduled to render in a child custody case which pits an African American couple named Lee and a Jewish couple named Brodcki against each other over a 9 year old girl each claim is theirs.

1889: Birthdate of New York native Flora Cahan,  “the interior decorator” and a leader of the women’s division of the American Jewish Congress, not to be confused with the character “Flora” in the “Imported Bridegroom” by Abraham Cahan.

1889: “Man and Money Captured” described events leading up to the arrest of Simon Baruch in Hoboken, New Jersey. When originally confronted by the police, he denied being the Austrian swindler since he only had one dollar in his pockets.  However, when he took authorities to his hotel room, they found a safe filled with “a large amount securities and cash” which gave credence to the charges leveled against him.

1890(10th of Tishrei, 5651): Yom Kippur

1890: Johann Most is scheduled to deliver a speech this afternoon at two in which he will denounce Yom Kippur and Judaism; a speech the police have been ordered to prevent even if it means arresting the anarchist.

1890: In New York, “the public schools presented the appearance of partial desertion” because all of the Jewish children “were their parent in the synagogues.”

1890: In New York City, on “Broadway which during the last fifteen years has become the principle highway of Jewish mercantile enterprise in America” “in store after store the heavy iron shutters and darkened windows testified to the absence” of the shopkeepers who were observing “Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of Atonement, the most sacred of day in the Mosaic calendar.”

1890: Joseph Fredlander, the rabbi at the orthodox synagogue on 57th street is scheduled to lead Yom Kippur services at Lambden’s Hall in New Rochelle.

1891: It was reported today, that 7,000 Jews left Berdichef today bound for Argentina which would seem to be impossible because there are no railroad facilities there than could handle such a large number of people.

1892: “Pandemonium” broke out between two and three this morning at Camp Low in Sandy Hook, NJ when Polish Jewish immigrants became ill after gorging themselves following the New Year’s observance during which they did not eat.

1892: During the Cholera outbreak in New York a young Jew named Samuel Machinsky “was allowed to lied on the sidewalk at the corner of Bowery and Houston Streets for two hours” tonight “before an ambulance” came to take him to the hospital.

1893: “New York Honors Heine” published today described the fountain that the Arion Society will erect in honor of the poet whom Germany would not honor because, even though he had converted, he was too Jewish for the Germans.

1895: “A report was received at the Department of State from Minister Clifton R. Breckinridge” containing “a copy of the laws and regulations bearing upon the admission of foreign Jews into Russia.  The information was requested” because “of the refusal of the Russian Consul at New York to issue passports to American citizens” who are Jewish.

1895: In Boston, “Louis and Rose G. Bertman” gave birth to North Eastern University trained attorney Irving Bertman who was Present of the YMHA in Taunton, Massachusetts, President of the Southern New England B’nai B’rith Congregation and a member of the Temple Mishkan Tefila in Roxbury.

1895: As of today, the Cossack riding in Will Bill’s Parade in Paterson, NJ who began beating a Jewish spectator who called out to him, has not been apprehended.

1896: “Santa Maria,” a comic opera “invented, written and composed by Oscar Hammerstein” opened tonight at the Olympia Theatre.

1896: Three days after he had passed away, 78 year old Sidney Goldsmid, the son of Alexander Goldsmid and the former Eliza Israel, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1896: Birthdate of novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald’s most famous novel was The Great Gatsby. In one memorable scene, Gatsby and Nick lunch with Meyer Wolfshiem, a Jewish gambler who "fixed the 1919 World Series." Apparently Gatsby owes his financial good fortune to the shadowy Jewish gangster. Wolfshiem is a thinly veiled reference to Arnold Rothstein the man who supposedly fixed the 1919 World Series. Popular American culture blamed the sinister Jew for corrupting the national pastime. Fitzgerald portrayed Wolfshiem as the corrupting influence on the eager but pure WASP, Jay Gatsby.

1898: Herzl addresses a letter to the Prince of Eulenberg, a German diplomat, pleading for an audience with Kaiser Wilhelm II before he leaves for Palestine.

1898: In Paris, Russian immigrants Etta and Menachem Valger gave birth to Featherweight Boxing Champion Benny Valgar.

1899: At the Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church, in response to a request. Dr. Howard Agnew Johnson preached “a sermon on the existing prejudice against the Jew.”

1899: In Nebraska, founding today of the Omaha Jewish Hospital Association which “meet the first Sunday of the month” with aim of securing “nurses and medical attention for the sick and helpless.”

1899: In New York, American Zionist welcomed the delegates returning from the 3rd Zionist Congress at Basel with a public reception at Cooper Union

1899: “Zionist Success Predicted” published today described the creation of the Jewish Colonial Trust of London which “has a capital of $10,000,000 with 2,000,000 shares more than 100,000 of which have been purchased.”

1899: “The annual pilgrimage to the National Farm School” near Doyelstown, PA, took place today.  The school, the only one of its kind is “sustained and controlled by Jews from all over the country, it is open to boys of all creeds and nationalities.”

1899: In Chicago, a mass meeting co-sponsored by the Grand Lodge of the Western Star is scheduled to take place at the Central Music Hall where attendees can express their displeasure with the Dreyfus verdict.

1900(1st of Tishrei, 5661): Rosh Hashanah

1900: Services a Temple Beth-El, B’nai Jeshurun and B’nai Sholom were all well-attended.

1900: Rosh Hashanah services were held this morning in many halls on the New York’s East Side which were rented specifically for this purpose.

1900(1st of Tishrei, 5661): Seventy-three year old French author Louis Ratisbonne, the son of Adolph Ratisbonne and Charlotte Oppenheim, who was also the nephew of two famous French priest who had converted from Judaism passed away today.

1900: Toward the end of Rosh Hashanah services at Temple Beth El, Dr. Kaufmann Kohler, Rabbi Emeritus of the congregation, announced that he wished all members of the congregation who desired their deceased family member’s names be mentioned in the upcoming memorial services on the Day of Atonement should send a list of such names to him. After he sat down, Rabbi Samuel Schulman rose from his seat, walked to the front of the pulpit and “said that he was the one who would read the memorial services, and that the names of the deceased to be announced should sent to him at his residence…There was much whispering among the congregation, many of whom remained after the service and discussed the affair in small groups.”

1900: The 250 Jewish immigrants awaiting entrance into the United States will be able to have kosher chicken for their holiday dinner due to the generosity of Emil Schwab.

1902:  Isidor Straus wrote to Abraham Straus thanking him for the gift of a case of Scotch whiskey Abraham sent on the occasion of the opening of the new Herald Square store: Can it be that you want me to take a week off, to incapacitate me from putting forth what energy and force I possess toward making the "send-off" of our new store a success?" Are you afraid that unless the seductive smell and taste of it produce a handicap, the sales at Thirty-Fourth Street and Herald Square will Ieave Fulton Street so far in the rear that in our pride we will cease to recognize you.”

1903(3rd of Tishrei, 5664): Tzom Gedaliah

1904(15th of Tishrei, 5665): Sukkoth

1904: In Rozwadow, Abraham Katz, the son of Meier Katz and the former Hinda Garten was circumcised today.

1905: Plans are announced for the marriage of Miss Racie Friedenwald to Dr. Cyrus Adler, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, President of the Jewish Theological Seminary and one of the editors of the Jewish Encyclopedia. The wedding is scheduled to take place in Philadelphia, PA at Mikvah Israel with Rabbi Leon H. Elmaleh officiating.

1907: David Neumark was appointed as a professor at Hebrew Union College.

1908: Birthdate of composer and arranger Gertrude Rittman who fled Nazi German and created a career in the United Sates that began with composing the score for “Palestine at War” made by the Palestine Labor Commission before pursuing a career that produced such hits as “Brigadoon” and “South Pacific.”

1909(9th of Tishrei, 5670): Erev Yom Kippur – for the first time Kol Nidre is chanted during the Presidency of William H. Taft

1911: Birthdate of Austrian born American architect Henry P. Glass whose work includes “The Henry P. Glass House…the first passive solar house in America”

1912: Joseph Basch, Philip Klafter, Henry Horner, Jr. and George Halperin all from Chicago, Ill served as a delegate to the meeting of the Lakes-to-Gulf Deep Water Association which opened today in Little Rock, AR.

1914: “Russian Treaty Now A Possibility” published today described hopes that the Czar’s government will be able to negotiated a new trade agreement with the United States which will replace the one that “became inoperative” in 1913 “because it was interpreted by Russia as permitting the exclusion of American Jews from her dominions.”

1914: According to a wireless sent by the government in Berlin, “the Russians have brutalized the Jewish inhabitants in all places which they have occupied in Galicia.” The Russians incite the Ruthenian peasants and “hand over the Jewish property” to them.  “This contrasts…with the Czars manifesto to ‘his beloved Jews.’”

1914: The Austro-Hungarian Consulate General in New York made public the a communique from the “Israelitische Alliance of Vienna” to the American Jewish Committee of New York asking that money be sent through the embassy to aid the Jews who have fled Austrian territories seized by the Russians and expressing their belief that American Jews would support Austria in its war “to obtain human rights for” the oppressed Russian Jews.

1915: In Buffalo, dedication of Beth Zion Temple.

1916: It was reported today that among the contributions received by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War were $47 from their committee in Oskaloosa, Iowa, $235 from N.C. Livingston and $250 from the Ezra Association in New Orleans.

1917: Franz Kafka wrote Max Brod today describing his “first impressions” of “the Bohemian village of Zürau.”

1917: The American Jewish Relief Committee announced plans for an appeal to be made on Yom Kippur for a fund of $1,000,000 “to provide aid for the three millions Jews who have been driven from their homes” in the European war zones.

1917: Four days after he had passed away, Private Herbert Phillip Bennoson, the son of Michael and Rosetta Bennoson was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London."

1917: “J.C. Hyman of the Jewish Board for Welfare Work in the United States Army and Navy arrived Camp Upton today to take charge of work among the Jewish soldiers in the Seventy-Seventh Division which numbers 25 to 30 percent Jewish soldiers among its ranks.

1918: The 4th Cavalry Division and the Australian Mounted Division completed their four day long round up the “demoralized and disorganized troops in the Jezreel Valley”

1920: It was reported today that the 35th annual report of the Montefiore Home and Hospital for Chronic Diseases “shows that 1,975 patients were provided for in the City Institution and at the Country Sanitarium during 1919.”

1920: It was reported today that “Acting Police Inspector Isaac Frank” who is “in charge of the Sixteenth Inspection in District in Brooklyn” and is a thirty-two year veteran of the force is retiring with a pension of $2,000 a year.

1920: In London, “an appeal to all Jews to ‘prove themselves worthy of their historic duty’ and help establish the Jewish National Home in Palestine was made in a manifesto to the Jewish people of the world” on a manifesto published by the executive office the Zionist organization.

1920: “Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Justice Abram I. Elkus and Joseph M. Levine, President of the Bronx Free Synagogue” are scheduled to address a meeting this evening at the Prospect Avenue Methodist Church as part of the drive to raise “$125,000 for the purchase of the church as the Bronx Free Synagogue Community Center”

1921: Birthdate of sportscaster Jim McKay, who is not Jewish. McKay was covering the 1972 Olympics for ABC. He provided moving coverage of the seizure of the Israeli Olympic Team by Palestinian terrorists.

1922(2nd of Tishrei, 5683): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1923: Birthdate of Ernest Joachim Sternglass the Berlin native and son of two doctors who escaped the Nazis to become a leading American physicist. (As reported by Kenneth Chang)

1924: Frederick John “Kiesler arranged the world premiere in Vienna today of the 16-minute film Ballet mécanique

1924: “Near Riga, Chaim Aron, a custom women’s shoe designer” and his wife Sonia, gave birth to Kalman Aron, the artist whose sketching skills saved him from the fires of the Holocaust. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1926(16th of Tishrei, 5687): Second day of Sukkoth

1926: In Cincinnati, Ohio, Rabbi James Heller is scheduled to conduct the funeral services of Rabbi Louis Grossman whose body is supposed to arrive this morning from Detroit where he passed away.

1928 (10th of Tishrei, 5689): Yom Kippur

1928: On Yom Kippur the Jerusalem police interfered with the worshipers who resisted the removal of a screen separating the men and women. Jews at their Yom Kippur prayers at the Western Wall placed chairs and customary screens between the men and women present. Jerusalem commissioner Edward Keith-Roach, while visiting the Muslim religious court overlooking the prayer area, pointed out the screen, precipitating emotional protests and demands from the assembled sheiks that it be removed. Unless it was taken down, they said, they would not be responsible for what happened. This was described as violating the Ottoman status quo that forbade Jews from making any construction in the Western Wall area, though such screens had been put up from time to time. The British issued an ultimatum for its removal. When police officers in riot gear were then sent in, a scuffle took place with worshippers and the screen in question was destroyed. The intervention drew censure later from senior officials who judged that excessive force had been exercised without good reason. Haj Amin al Husseini, the Mufti of Jerusalem exploited the incident by distributing leaflets to Arabs in Palestine and throughout the Arab world which claimed that the Jews were planning to take over the al-Aqsa Mosque. One consequence was that Jewish worshippers frequently were subjected to beatings and stoning

1928: On the Day of Atonement, the local rabbi of Massena, New York was called to police headquarters to answer charges of ritual murder after a four-year-old girl disappeared. This is part of the event known as the Massena Blood Libel.

1930(2nd of Tishrei, 5691): 2nd day of Rosh Hashanah

1930: “Once in a Lifetime” the first of 8 plays on which Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman collaborated opened at the Music Box Theatre in New York City.

1931: In London, Frances Grace Newley, whose mother was Jewish and George Kirby gave birth to actor, singer and songwriter Anthony Newley who “received an Academy Award nomination for the film score of Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory,”

1932; Birthdate of Joanne Greenberg, author of 12 novels and four collections of short stories, including the bestselling I Never Promised You a Rose Garden.

1932: “Smilin’ Through” the Academy Award nominated film co-starring Norma Shearer and Leslie Howard was released today in the United States.

1933(4th of Tishrei, 5694): Tzom Gedaliah

1933: Herman Bernstein completed his service as U.S. Ambassador to Albania.

1933: Dr. Ferdinand Blumenthal, a leading German oncologist, was forced to retire today which led him to move Vienna so he could continue his research.  (The doctor would have to move again when the Nazi’s annexed Austria which is why he was in Riga when died in 1941)

1934(15th of Tishrei, 5695): Sukkoth

1934(15th of Tishrei, 5695): Fifty-seven year old Martha Levy, the wife of Maurice Steinfield, the daughter of Morris Levy and Isabelle Baker and the daughter-in-law of Jacob Steinfeld and Caroline Stern passed away today in St. Louis, MO.

1936: More than 120,000 Jews from all parts of Palestine paid a last tribute to Meier Dizengoff, Mayor of Tel-Aviv, as his funeral procession passed through the principal streets of the city this morning from the Tel-Aviv Museum where his body had lying in state, to the cemetery. Pall bearers included Tel Aviv’s vice mayors I. Rokach and Dov Hos. In honor of Dizengoff’s wishes there were no eulogies and children, whom he considered “flower of Palestinian Jewry,” escorted his remains to the grave. He was buried between the grave of his late wife and those of Max Nordau and Achad Haam.

1936: “Adolf Hitler’s attempt at the Nazi Congress in Nuremberg to connect the Jews and communism is only a mask to his real assault on democracy and world peace, according to a statement issued” today “on behalf of the American Jewish Committee by Dr. Cyrus Adler, its president and Sol M. Stroock, chairman of tits executive committee.”

1936: In Germany, Jewish druggist received notice today that they have until October 1 to “lease” their stores to “Aryans.”  (The profit motive in anti-Semitism)

1936: In Germany, “Dr. Franz Meyer, second secretary general of the Reich Central Commission for Jew and Rabbi Max Nussbaum and Dr. Benno Cohn, both directors of the League for Jewish Culture were taken in custody today by the secret police.”

1936: Lord Dudley Marley, Louis B. Boudin, Dr. Henry Moskowitz, Emily M. Rosenstein and Adolph Held were among the speakers at dinner sponsored by Ort (Society for the Promotion of Trades and Agriculture Among Jews in Eastern Europe) presided over by Clarence Y. Palitz which was held at the Hotel Commodore.

1937: “The ‘120 greatest living Jews’ were named today to a Jewish Hall of Fame selected in a world-wide poll by The Ivrim, the honor society of Chicago Jewish students. Their purpose was to hold up ‘living ideals’ to Jewish youth, and they required only that nominees must have been alive on Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) of 5697 (Sept. 28, 1936). Albert Einstein, actor Paul Muni, Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau and Supreme Court Justices Brandeis and Cardozo won election to the group.” Seven nominees had passed away including Adolph Ochs publisher of the New York Times, businessman Percy Selden Straus, pianist Ossip Ga-Crilowitsch, journalist Jacob de Haas, composer George Gershwin, psychiatrist Dr. Alfred Adler and the Mayor of Tel Aviv, Meier Dizengoff.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that the Sixth Political Committee of the League of Nations concluded the Palestine debate with a statement by Lord Cranborne who assured the delegates, representing all interested countries, that their views would receive full consideration of the British government. He added that his government was open-minded and quite willing to carry out all suitable recommendations. The next step, it was agreed unanimously, was to wait for the report of a new British commission, a special body which was be sent to Palestine in order to recommend ways and means of implementing the country's partition. The Post published the full texts of Mr. Philly's and Lord Samuel's testimonies made for the benefit of the Royal (Peel) Commission on Palestine.

1938: Hank Greenberg hits his 55th and 56th home runs of the year. In the remeaing 9 games of the season, Greenberg needs to hit 4 four-baggers to tie Ruth and 5 round trippers to supass Ruth’s record.

1938(21st of Elul, 5698): Russian born mathematician Lev Schnirelmann passed away.

1938:  “Harry Ettlinger” who would become a Monument’s Man, “celebrated his bar mitzvah in Karlsruhe’ magnificent Kronenstrasse Synagogue which was filled to capacity by Jews who were seeing this ancient ritual performed for the last time.

1939(11th of Tishrei, 5700): Seventy-two year old pioneer movie mogul Carl Laemmle who helped to found Universal Studios and who worked to save Jews from Nazi Germany, passed away today.

1939: Historian, Bible scholar and orientalist Rabbi Moses Schorr who had fled Warsaw to escape the Nazis only to find himself imprisoned by the NKVD was transferred from Łuck to Lvov where the Russians began to interrogate him in their own unique manner.

1939(11th of Tishrei, 5700): Seventy-nine year old Marcus Raphael Sulzer, the native of Madison, Indiana, son of Raphael and Rachel Sulzer, the brother of Louis Sulzer with whom he operated a business called Sulzer Brother which was at one time was the largest seller of medicinal herbs in the United States and whose communal interests included an active role in the Indiana Republican Party and serving as president of his district’s chapter of B’nai B’rith passed away today.

1940(21st of Elul, 5700): Sixty-one year old Cleveland native Solomon Emanuel Ullman, the son of Sarah and Emanuel Ullman and “the husband of Belle May Loewenstein” passed away today in Richmond, Va.

1940: Director Veit Harlan's anti-Semitic film Jud Süss premiered in Berlin.

1941(3rd of Tishrei, 5702):Tzom Gedaliah

1941: In New York, attorney Lee Eastman and his wife Louise Sara (Linder) Eastman gave birth to Linda Louise Eastman who gained fame as Linda McCartney, the wife of Beatle Paul McCartney.

1941: In Scarsdale, NY “Leopold Vail Epstein (the son of Jewish immigrants who had changed his name to Lee Eastman) and Louise Lindner Eastman (daughter of the founder of the Lindner Company clothing store)” gave birth to Linda Eastman who married Paul McCartney in 1969.

1941: Two thousand women and children were taken from the Wolkowysk Ghetto and murdered. Wolkowysk was located in southeastern Lithuania.

1942: At the urging of von Ribbentrop, Martin Luther, of the German Foreign Ministry began plans to set up negotiations between the governments of Bulgaria, Hungary and Denmark with the object of starting the evacuation of the Jews of these countries. The evacuations meant trips to the death camps for the Jews. The fate of the Jewish communities in each of these countries is an interesting story in and of itself. Bulgarian Jews would enjoy the intervention of the Papal Nuncio who would later be a Pope. Raoul Wallenberg intervened in an attempt to save the Jews of Hungary. The Jews of Denmark were saved by the gutsy intervention of the crews of the Danish fishing fleet.

1942: British Home Secretary and Minister of Home Security Herbert Morrison opposes any further admission of Jewish immigrants into Britain. He fears this would encourage the French Vichy government to "dump" Jewish children into Britain.

1942: “My Sister Eileen” a comedy produced by Max Gordon, written by Joseph A. Fields and Jerome Chodrov, and featuring George Tobias and the Three Stooges was released in the United States today by Columbia Pictures.

1942 German Foreign Office official Martin Luther passes on to subordinates the desire of Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop that deportations of Jews from across Europe be accelerated.

1942: Today, fifty-nine year old Lina Bach, a residence of Wurzburg, was deported from Nuremberg to Terezin

1943: Himmler secretly ordered the Gestapo chief in Rome to arrest all of the Jews in the city.

1944: The 45th Infantry Division, a unit that includes Raul Hilberg, took the French town of Epinal.

1944: Having murdered 400,000 Jews over the summer at Birkenau, the gassings slowed down. A comparative few 200 Sonderkommando prisoners were to be gassed. Only 661 Sonderkommando were left at the camp to be party to the continuation of the German dirty work.

1945: Five months after the Nazis had surrendered a pogrom took play at Topoľčany, Czechoslovakia, known as the Topoľčany Pogrom in which at least 48 Jewswere “injured.” “There were about 3,200 Jews living in Topoľčany before World War II, of which 550 survived the Holocaust and returned to the town after the war ended. Anti-Semitism was widespread at that time due to both Slovak state official policy and also the strong economic position of Jews, which contrasted with a lack of basic commodities among the majority population. According to the protocol of county police boss Zidor, rumors began to spread in the town two days before the pogrom that Jews are about to overtake a local church school. The school was run by Catholic nuns at that time. Also, there were rumors that Jews had already created a separate classroom for Jewish children, in which they desecrated a crucifix. Further, according to rumors, the Jews were said to had overtaken a school in the nearby village of Bojná, run by Catholic monks. Local women wanted to protest against the rumored actions, but local authorities refused them. A pack of people, mostly women, then entered the school. Coincidentally, a Jewish doctor was at the time vaccinating children against smallpox in one of the school's classrooms. Some of the vaccinated children cried, which gave base for a new rumor to spread among the angry crowd: a Jewish doctor poisons Slovak children! People then attacked and beat the doctor. As new rumors spread to the streets, many more Jews were beaten both in the streets and in their homes. Jewish property was plundered in the process.” [Jews who sought to return to their home towns after the war suffered similar greetings. The non-Jews who had moved into the homes of the Jews or taken over their businesses during the Holocaust did not want to give up their new found wealth.]

1945: A private funeral service is scheduled to be held today for Judge Irving Lehman, the brother of former Governor Herman Lehman. Dr. Nathan A. Perilman, associate rabbi of Congregation Emanu-El will officiate with burial in the family plot in Cypress Hills Cemetery.

1945: “Mildred Pierce” a cinematic treatment of the novel with the same name directed by Michael Curtiz, produced by Jerry Wald and with music by Max Steiner was released to in the United States by Warner Bros.

1945: “Pride of the Marines” starring John Garfield, written by Albert Maltz and with music by Franz Waxman was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.

1947(10th of Tishrei, 5708): Yom Kippur

1947: Today, the House Un-American Committee (HUAC) grilled Hanns Eisler the Jewish composer who had fled Nazi Europe before World War II.

1948(20th of Elul, 5708): Seventy-five year old J. Campbell Phillips, the New York born son of Isaac and Adeline Phillips  and “noted portrait painter” whose last work was a portrait of his cousin Bernard Baruch passed away today.

1948: “Morituri,” a German film set at the end of WW II producer by Artur Brauner was released today in Germany.

1948: Operation Velvetta, a secret mission designed to deliver Supermarine Spitfires purchased from Czechoslovakia to Israel began today with a flight of 60 aircraft from Czechoslovakia to an abandoned Luftwaffe airbase at Nikšić , Yugoslavia.

1948: Six Velvetta 1 Spitfires left Kunovice, Czechoslovakia for Niksic, Yugoslavia, 300 miles away, with Modi Alon, Boris Senior, Syd Cohen, and Tuxie Blau joining Sam Pomerance and Jack Cohen behind the controls

1949(1st of Tishrei, 5710): Rosh Hashanah

1949: Israelis celebrate their first Rosh Hashanah in “peace” i.e. after the truce agreements had been signed with the Arab states that had attempted to destroy the Jewish state.

1950: In Brooklyn, Louis Colmes, an auctioneer, and the former Fay Wax gave birth to Alan Samuel Comes, the “house liberal” and proverbial punching bag at FOX. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1950: A series of meetings focused on the economy which the Israeli government had begun on September 1 came to an end without any official announcements or public policy changes. The meeting had focused on the failure of the program imposed in August that centered around rationing clothes and shoes. The three smaller parties making up the four-party coalition government were highly critical of Supply Minister Bernard Joseph who had overseen what they see as they failed rationing program. The Mapai Party, the largest member of the coalition seemed to clinging to it socialist policies and pedigree. No decision was made on proposals to move a little more towards a free-market economy; proposals that “included relaxation of controls for imports and trade in foreign exchange.”

1950: During "Operation Magic Carpet", most of the Jews living in Yemen are transported to Israel

1951: Birthdate of Bronx native David Pecker, the Pace University educated CEO of America Media, confidant of Donald Trump and since 1987, the husband of Karen Balan

1951: While the Israeli government said that it was studying the newly circulated peace proposals from the United Nations Palestine conciliation Commission, an Arab spokesman representing the views of Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan rejected the proposal as “unneeded,” unwanted” or “old stories” or that they covered matters beyond the scope of the Commission’s area of responsibility.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Barbara Propper, 22, a member of Sde Boker, was shot and killed while tending a herd of goats some 300 meters from the kibbutz. Infiltrators from Jordan fired at Jerusalem Corridor settlers in an attempt to steal irrigation pipes and cattle.

1952: The Post reported that the Austrian government expressed its willingness to negotiate a global restitution settlement with the Jewish people, calculated in proportion to the reparation agreement agreed upon with West Germany. After World War II, Austrians liked to portray themselves as the first victims of Nazi aggression. The open arms with which the Austrians welcomed the Nazis belied that claim as does this attempt to make financial restitution.

1953(15th of Tishrei, 5714): Sukkoth

1953(15th of Tishrei, 5714): Fifty-five year Santo Wayburn Jeger, the Anglo-Jewish doctor turned politicians who supported the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War and served as an MP passed away unexpectedly today.

1953(15th of Tishrei, 5714): Sixty-eight year old Vienna native and screenplay writer Berthold Viertel, the son of “Salo and Anna Viertel” and the first husband of actress Salka Viertel, passed away today

1955(8th of Tishrei, 5716): Shabbat Shuva

1956(19th of Tishrei, 5717): Attackers killed a girl in the fields of the farming community of Aminadav, near Jerusalem.

1957: The Brooklyn Dodgers defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates in their last game in Ebbets Field. The Dodgers would move to LA for the 1958 season. With Brooklyn’s large Jewish population, the Beloved Bums enjoyed a disproportionately large amount of support from Jewish fans. In New York, the split among Jews was not Ashkenazim versus Sephardim or Orthodox versus Reform; the real split was between Jews who rooted for the Yankees and the Jews who rooted for the Dodgers when they would face each other in those Subway Series.

1957: President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends United States National Guard troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce the rulings of the federal court system which banned school segregation. When the segregationist forces led by Orville Faubus would attempt to close the Little Rock school system to maintain racial segregation, Harry Ehrenberg, Sr., a leading member of the Jewish community would seek signatures for petitions to keep the schools open. Harry Ehrenberg, Jr. has carried on the family tradition of active participation in the Jewish community and supporting the causes of “the widow, the orphan and the stranger in your midst.

1958(10th of Tishrei, 5719): Yom Kippur

1958: “The Defiant Ones” directed and produced by Stanley Kramer snd starring Tony Curtis and Theodore Bikel opened today at the Victoria Theatre in NYC.

1960(3rd of Tishrei, 5721): Shabbat Shuvah

1960(3rd of Tishrei, 5721): Fifty-five year old Hungarian born English composer Mátyás György Seiber died today in an automobile accident.

1961: Birthdate of Christopher L. Eisgruber, the President of Princeton University, who “while helping his son with a school project…discovered his Berlin-born mother, who had arrived in New York as an eight-year-old refugee, was Jewish”, leading him to identify “as a nontheist Jews” and claim a reward from the Holocaust claims tribunal.

1963: CBS broadcast the first episode of the long-running sit com “Petticoat Junction,” starring Bea Benaderet, “the daughter of Samuel David Benaderet, a Turkish Sephardic emigrant who settled his family in San Francisco.

1963(6th of Tishrei, 5724): Seventy-one year old Warsaw native “Eliash Almi Sheps” known as Eli A. Almi, who began writing Yiddish poetry at the age of 9 and reporting for the Yiddish daily Der Moment at 18 before coming to the United States in 1913 to write for the Yiddish daily Tageblat and writing several of volumes in both Yiddish and English including The Life and Philosophy of Buddha and The Strange Death of Baruch Spinoza passed away today.

1963: “Yaakov Herzog, a deputy at the Foreign Ministry of Israel, secretly met in London with King Hussein of Jordan, beginning a dialogue between the two neighboring nations that were, officially, enemies.”

1964: NBC broadcast the first episode of “Daniel Boone” a fictionalized show about the frontiersman produced by Barney Rosenzweig.

1964: Birthdate of Yasmine Dehaene, the wife Mischaël Modrikamen, the son of a Jewish immigrant from Poland who fled anti-Semitism and was arrested by the Gestapo as a member of the Belgian Resistance during World War II who became a right wing political leader in Belgium where he co-founded the People’s Party and published Le Peuple.

1966(10th of Tishrei, 5726): Yom Kippur

1966(10th of Tishrei, 5726): Sixty-one year Vienna native Paul Phillip Gelles, who “came to the United States in 1920,” graduated from NYU after which he pursued a career in business that led him to serve as Chairman of the Board at “B.V.D.” a company best known for manufacturing men’s underwear and who was the husband “of the former Jeanne Peterzell with whom he had two children – Harry and Leda – passed away today.

1966(10th of Tishrei, 5726): Eighty-five year old Vera Weizmann, the widow of the great Zionist leader Chiam Weizmann passed away.

1968(2nd of Tishrei, 5729): Second day of Rosh Hashanah

1968: The first “60 Minutes” was broadcast. Don Hewitt and Robert Chandler, two Jews, played a key role in creating America’s first and most successful television newsmagazine.

1969: “Sylvester and the Magic Pebble” the Caldacott Medial winning children’s book written and illustrated by William Steig was published today.

1970(23rd of Elul, 5730): Ninety-one year old “civic reformer Edna Fischel Gellhorn, the St. Louis born daughter of Dr. Washington E. Fischel and “educator Martha Ellis Fishel and the wife of Dr. George Gellhorn who is remembered by many as the mother of photographer Martha Gellhorn, passed away today.

1971: “The Go-Between” a movie version of the novel by the same name with a script by Harold Pinter was released in the United Kingdom today.

1972(16th of Tishrei, 5733): Second Day of Sukkoth observed for the last day during the first Nixon Administration.

1972: “K.O. Phil Kaplan” who fought over one bouts was inducted into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame today.

1973(27th of Elul, 5733): Eighty-two year old Joseph Cohen who was a professor criminal law at McGill University and who serviced in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for nine years passed away today in Montreal.

1974: The Kingsbridge Armory, which had been designed by the architectural firm one of whose principles was William G Tachau, who had also designed Congregation Mikveh Israel, Gratz College and Dropsie College, was designated as a New York City Landmark today.

1975: In Paris, 20,000 people participated in a “march of solidarity with Soviet Jewry.”

1975: "Theme from Mahogany (Do You Know Where You're Going To)", a song written by Michael Masser and Gerald Goffin, was released today.

1975: “RSFSR rejected an appeal by Mark Nashipits who had been “sentenced to five years exile” last May.

1975(19th of Tishrei, 5736): Seventy-nine year old Florence S. Perlman, the national Hadassah leader and widow of Justice Nathan D. Perlman passed away today.

1976(29th of Elul, 5736): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1976(29th of Elul, 5736): Ninety-five year old  Sophie Lazarsfield an “Austrian-American therapist and writer” who was the wife of Robert Lazarsfeld, the mother of Paul Lazarsfeld and a student of Alfred Adler passed away today in New York City.

1977: President Carter sent a letter to Prime Minister Begin strongly expressing his displeasure over the fact that Israeli forces had crossed into Lebanon to help Christian militias repel new attacks by PLO units under Yasser Arafat’s command. In that unique form of Carter even-handedness, no such expression of displeasure was sent to Arafat.

1984(27th of Elul, 5744): Eighty-two year old Fritz Bamberg the German Jewish scholar who came to the United States in 1939 and gave up his academic career to edit “Coronet” magazine passed away today.

1985(9th of Tishrei, 5746): Erev Yom Kippur

1986: “The Name of the Rose” which provides a dark look at monastery life co-starring Ron Perlman was released today in the United States by 20th Century Fox.

1987(1st of Tishrei, 5748): Rosh Hashanah

1987: The fourth season of “The Cosby Show” co-created by Ed Weinberger begins to air on NBC tonight.

1988: “High Hopes,” directed and written by Mike Leigh was released today in the United Kingdom

1989: “The Preppie Murder” featuring Allen Arbus as “Arnold Domenitz” aired for the first time today on ABC.

1989: The sixth season of “The Cosby Show” co-created by Ed Weinberger begins to air on NBC tonight.

1990: “Rust in Peace,” the first album that Marty Friedman recorded with Magadeth was released today.

1992: FOX broadcast episode 1 on the 4th season of the Simpsons, a cartoon sit-com developed by James L. Brooks and Sam Simon.

1992: Filming began today of “The Crush” starring Alicia Silverstone “in her feature film debut.”

1993(9th of Tishrei, 5754): Erev Yom Kippur

1993(9th of Tishrei, 5754): Yigal Vaknin was stabbed to death by terrorists in an orchard near the trailer home where he lived near the village of Basra. A squad of the Hamas' Iz a-Din al Kassam claimed responsibility for the attack.

1993: ABC released the first episode of “Boy meets World” a sitcom starring Ben Savage.

1993(9th of Tishrei, 5754): Eighty year old Italian born physicist passed away today in Dubna, just outside of Moscow. (As reported by Randy Kennedy)

1993: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Family Album” a sitcom created by David Crane and Mara Kauffman.

1993: In Los Angeles, Julie Beren and Marc Platt, “film, television, and theater producer whose credits include Legally Blonde, Into The Woods, La La Land, Mary Poppins Returns, and the musicals Dear Evan Hansen, and Wicked” gave birth to Benjamin “Ben” Schiff Platt, the multi-talented actor whose career began with a Broadway production of The Music Man in 2002 and has included appearances in several films as well as playing “Blake” in the sit-com “Will & Grace.”

1994(19th of Tishrei, 5755): Seventy-nine year old English solicitor Sir David Napley passed away today at Slough, England.

1994: Fifty-seven year old Muhammed Wattad an Arab Israeli who served in the Knesset between 1981 and 1988 passed away today.

1994: Robert Badinter began serving as French Senator from Hauts-de-Seine.

1995: Israel and the PLO agreed to sign a pact at the White House ending nearly three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities.

1995: Patricia Holt’s review of The Life of Gloria Steinem was published today.

1996: After almost three years, Rena Sofer stops portraying Lois Cerullo in the soap opera General Hospital – a portrayal which earing her an Emmy Award.

1999: “Jakob the Liar” the movie version of Jurek Becker’s novel of the same name directed Peter Kassovitz and co-starring Alan Arkin, Live Schreiber and Bob Balaban was released in the United States by Columbia Pictures.

1997(22nd of Elul, 5757): Yahrzeit of Joseph B. Levin

1997(22nd of Elul, 5757): Eighty year old Herb Gershon who played professional basketball during the 1940’s passed away today.

1999: NBC broadcast the first episode of what would be the last season of “Boy meets World” a sitcom starring Ben Savage.

2000: In San Francisco final performance of a concert version of Jerry Herman’s “Dear World” that had been staged by 42nd Street Moon.

2000: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay by Michael Chabon, The Moral Obligation to be Intelligent: Selected Essays by Lionel Trilling; edited by Leon Wieseltier and Only Yesterday by S. Y. Agnon; translated by Barbara Harshav.

2001: CBS broadcast the first episode of season four of “The King of Queens,” a sitcom co-starring Jerry Stiller.

2001: Twenty eight year old Salit Sheetrit was shot and wounded by terrorists from Islamic Jihand.

2001: In a column in today’s edition of the New Yorker, following 9/11, Susan Sontag criticized U.S. public officials and media commentators for trying to convince the American public that "everything is O.K."

2002: NEEMO 4, whose NASA Aquanaut Crew included Jessica Meir, continued for a second day.

2003(27th of Elul, 5763):  Ninety-one year old New York native Edward Isaac Lending who served with the Lincoln Brigade during the Spanish Civil War and the U.S. Army during WW II passed away today.

2003: Norman Finkelstein “calls Professor Alan Dershowitz’s new book on Israel a ‘hoax’”

2004(9th of Tishrei, 5765): Erev Yom Kippur

2004: Red Sox rookie Kevin Youkilis “appeared in the dugout in uniform but declined to participate in the game” because it was a Jewish holiday.

2004: At sunset, as Yom Kippur begins traditional services will be held in Cedar Rapids, IA. Traditional High Holiday services have been held for more than a century in “The City of Five Seasons.” The services began at Beth Jacob, the Orthodox Synagogue founded in 1906 and have continued as the "downstairs minyan" at Temple Judah. It is a tribute to the resiliency and the cooperative nature of the Jewish Community in Cedar Rapids and at Temple Judah that this service has continued for over a century.

2005: Haaretz reported that Raphael Izraelov, a 28-year-old Israeli, is being hailed as a hero for his work with victims of Hurricane Katrina. With Texas bracing for Hurricane Rita, the Red Cross has put Izraelov in charge of survivors with "special needs" - hundreds of people with various kinds of disabilities and mental illnesses, and solitary elderly people. Izraelov never imagined when he took a first aid course in the Israel Defense Forces - the only training he has in this area - that he would receive such a responsibility. Karen Dewitt, a volunteer from a local law firm, describes Izraelov as a local hero. "I feel he brought his experience from the Israeli army here," she said.

2005: Lewis Black recorded “The Carnegie Hall Performance” which won the Grammy for Best Comedy Album.

2006: 2nd of Tishrei, 5767): Second day of Rosh Hashanah

2006: In one of the ironies of the world of calendars the first day of Ramadan falls on the second day of Rosh Hashanah.

2006. The Sunday New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including How Bush Rules; Chronicles of a radical regime by Sidney Blumenthal, Creationist: Selected Essays, 1993-2006 by E.L. Doctorow, Supermob: How Sidney Korshak and His Criminal Associates Became Americas Hidden Power Brokers by Gus Russo and The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million by Daniel Mendelssohn.

2006: The Washington Post featured a review of The Greatest Story Ever Told by Frank Rich.

2006: The Chicago Tribune featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Creationist: Selected Essays, 1993-2006 by E.L. Doctorow, Friendship: An Expose, the latest work by Joseph Epstein, social commentator, author and Northwestern University emeritus professor of English and Supermob: How Sidney Korshak and His Criminal Associates Became Americas Hidden Power Brokers by Gus Russo. Russo’s book offers a detailed picture of the role played by Chicago based Jews in the growth of the underworld. Two of the more interesting revelations concern the role that the Supermob played in the building of the Pritzker’s family fortune (Hyatt Hotels) and the growth of Music Corporation of America (MCA) the giant talent agency headed by Jules Stein and Lew Wasserman.

2007: Three days after signing a contract with the Titans, kicker Josh Miller appeared in his first game for the Tennessee NFL team.

2007: The face of Alan Greenspan graces the cover of Newsweek as the former chairman of the Federal Reserve Board provides the source for the magazine’s cover story, “The World According to Greenspan.” Greenspan, like his successor, is Jewish.

2007: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a Holocaust denier who has called for the destruction of Israel, is slated to speak at Columbia University in New York City. Michael Bloomberg, the Jewish mayor of New York City, will be responsible for providing security protection for the visit.

2007: Swastikas were discovered this evening at the tops of exterior staircases at two synagogues in Brooklyn Heights, and the police are actively investigating the vandalism as a possible bias crime. The two synagogues are Congregation B’Nai Avraham, an Orthodox synagogue at 117 Remsen Street, and the Brooklyn Heights Synagogue a Reform synagogue at 131 Remsen Street.

2008: In Washington, The Hyman S. &Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival comes to a close.

2009: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present a lecture by Jan-Pieter Barbian, Director of the Duisburg Municipal Library entitled “After the Book Burning: Publishing in Hitler's Germany.”

2009: As part of its Fall Colloquium and Film Series Tulane University's Jewish Studies department is scheduled to present Hanna Wise Heiting's lecture on "Rite de Sortie"

2009 Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu is scheduled to address the United Nations General Assembly.

2009: Mark A. Grey, Michele Devlin and Aaron Goldsmith are scheduled to discuss their new book “Postville, U.S.A.” at Barnes and Noble in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

2009: Former MK Avraham Hirschson appealed his conviction to the Supreme Court of Israel. Hirschson had been found guilty of charges that he had embezzled millions of shekels from the National Workers Labor Federation while serving as its chairman. He was sentenced to a prison term of five years and fined 450,000 shekels.

2009(6th of Tishrei, 5770): Eighty-nine year old Joseph Gurwin, the Lithuanian born American businessman and philanthropist who was duped by Bernard Madoff, passed away today (As reported by Douglas Martin)

2009: Leonard Cohen completed his concert tour by appearing at Rat Gan Stadium in Tel Aviv where “at the end of the show he blessed the crowd with the Priestly Benediction.”

2010: The New York Film festival is scheduled to open with a showing “The Social Network,” a biting tale of the Silicon Valley giant Facebook and its founder Mark Zuckerberg.

2010(16th of Tishrei, 5771): Second Day of Sukkoth.

2010: Four months after premiering at the Cannes Film Festival, “Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps,” with a script co-authored by Allan Loeb and starring Shia Lebeouf and Eli Wallach in what his final film performance was released today in the United States.

2010: “Ahead of Time” is scheduled to open in Los Angeles at the Laemmle Theaters

2010: The New York Times reviews books by Jewish authors including Aftershock: The Next Economy and America’s Future by Robert B. Reich.

2010: Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook and America’s youngest billionaire, announced his biggest expenditure to date: a $100 million grant aimed at improving public education in Newark, in partnership with Cory A. Booker, the city’s mayor, and Chris Christie, New Jersey’s governor.

2010: Yossi Alfi will deliver a talk today entitled “The ten basic principles of the storyteller in the community” at an international conference which is part of the International Storytelling Festival in Givatayim.

2010: The New York Film festival is scheduled to open with a showing “The Social Network,” a biting tale of the Silicon Valley giant Facebook and its founder Mark Zuckerberg.

2010: Students from all three Bexley (Ohio) elementary schools spent this morning dropping eggs from the third floor of the Cassingham Complex. The egg-dropping exercise was part of the school district's STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) initiative. Jacob Levin's egg carrier worked fine when dropped from the first floor. The carrier had a door that opened when students dropped it from the third floor for a trial run. "When we dropped it from the third floor it opened and the egg bounced out," he said.His egg carrier was constructed of cardboard, plastic bags, toilet paper rolls, paper towels, and masking tape. He also had an issue with size. The first egg carrier had to be redesigned.

2011: Chief Chazzan Chaim Adler is scheduled to officiate at Selchot at the Jerusalem Great Synagogue accompanied by The Jerusalem Great Synagogue Choir conducted by Elli Jaffe. Israel's Chief Rabbi, the Rishon L'Zion, Rabbi Shlomo Moshe Amar is scheduled to deliver the Davar Torah

2011: The Selichot observance at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids will include the Changing of the Torah Covers and a study session led by Rabbi Todd Talblum on the story of Hannah from the Haftarah for Rosh Hashanah as well as the penitential prayers for the evening.

2011(25th of Elul, 5771): Ninety-six year old Anglo-Jewish poet Emanuel Litvinoff  known for his memoir Journey Through A Small Village and his poetry that exposed the anti-Semitism of T.S. Eliot, passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2012: Davey and Peter Rothbart are scheduled to appear at the Historic Sixth & I Synagogue where they will discuss Davey’s latest book, My Heart is an Idiot and Peter’s new album, “You Are What You Dream.”

2012: “A family spokesman announced that Bonnie Franklin had pancreatic cancer and was undergoing treatment.”

2012:"I Survived the Holocaust: Anna Brands's personal account of life between 1939-1945" by Mark Bernat is scheduled to be presented at the University of Iowa.

2012: It was reported today that “an obscure militant group based in Egypt’s North Sinai region claimed responsibility over the weekend for a cross-border attack that killed an Israeli soldier last week. The claim called fresh attention to the uphill struggle the newly formed Egyptian government is facing to control the restive Sinai region.”

2012: Defense Minister Ehud Barak called for a unilateral pullout from much of the West Bank in published comments today, saying Israel must take “practical steps” if peace efforts with the Palestinians remain stalled.

2013: Yityish Aynaw, 21, the first Ethiopian-born woman to win the Israeli beauty pageant is scheduled to deliver a message about Jewish diversity at the JCC of Northern Virginia in Fairfax, VA

2013: Mike Ross, the son of Holocaust survivor Stephen Ross, who first visited Israel at the age of 17, is one of the candidates running in today’s Mayoral Primary where the Democrats will choose their candidate of the upcoming Boston general election in November.

2013: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a panel discussion based on “the newly published Totally Unofficial: The Autobiography of Raphael Lemkin by Dona-Lee Frieze.

2013: The San Diego Center for Jewish Culture is scheduled to sponsor an all-day event “Sukkot at the Ranch including Rabbi Gabi Arad’s examination of kabbalistic rites related to the festival.

2013: Friends and family of Arnold Bucksbaum, a pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish Community, prepare to celebrate his 88th birthday.

2013: According to a criminal complaint filed today, William E. Rapfogel the leader of the Metropolitan New York Council on Jewish Poverty and two accomplices stole over $5 million during the last twenty years.

2013: Jerusalem police closed the Temple Mount to non-Muslim visitors this morning, citing security concerns — a surprise announcement that caused many holiday pilgrims and tourists to be turned away at the site. (Gavriel Fiske)

2014(29th of Elul): Erev Rosh Hashanah

2014: In Grand Forks, ND, B’nai Israel erev Rosh Hashanah services will be followed by a congregational oneg.

2014: Friends and family of Arnold Bucksbaum, a pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish Community, prepare to celebrate his 89th birthday.

2014: In Nebraska, shiva for Dr. Guinter Kahn which has been held in the house of his brother and sister-in-law Marcel and Ilse Kahn is scheduled to come to an end today.

2014: As 5774 comes to an end, here is a list of Jews who inspired us during a challenging year. (As reported by JTA and the Times of Israel)

2014: As Jews prepare to celebrate Rosh Hashanah, two leading papers give different views of Jews and Judaism with the Washington Post providing a look at holiday recipes

While the New York Times provides a picture of growing anti-Semitism

2015: In a moment of unalloyed joy, the friends and family of Arnold Bucksbaum prepare to celebrate his 90th birthday.

2015(11th of Tishrei, 5776): Seventy-four year old Vivian Stromberg, the elementary school music teach, advocate for racial equality and co-founder of “Madre” passed away today.  (As reported by William Grimes)

2015: “The tragedy of the Yom Kippur War in which the nation was caught unprepared remains an open wound, President Reuven Rivlin said today at the memorial service on Mount Herzl Military Cemetery commemorating the 42nd anniversary of the war.”

2015: The second Jerusalem Biennale for Contemporary Jewish Art which will showcase the work of nearly 200 Israeli and international artists in 10 exhibitions at 7 venues is scheduled to open today.

2015: “Officials at Lincoln Center in New York bade farewell to Avery Fisher Hall today, formally renaming the storied classical music venue David Geffen Hall in recognition of the entertainment mogul's $100-million gift toward its planned renovation.”

2016(21st of Elul, 5776): Shabbat Ki Tavo

2016: “Around 15,000 people marched in central Helsinki today to protest against rising racism and violent right-wing extremism, police said, following the recent death of a man allegedly attacked by a neo-Nazi leader.”

2016: At Congregation Beth Ahm Novelist Dara Horn is scheduled to speak at a Shabbat Lunch and Learn “On the Purpose of Jewish Storytelling”

2016: Congregation Beth Ahm is scheduled to host a unique Selichot program that will feature novel Dara Horn speaking on “Technology, Memory and the Past that Lives in the Present.”

2016: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host Ben Goldwater, a native of Brussels whose parents were able to secure a hiding place for their children during the Nazi occupation as part of their In Our Voices Survivor Talks.

2017(4th of Tishrei, 5778): Tzom Gedaliah

2017: In Iowa, Kever Avot Community Memorial Services are scheduled to held at the Jewish Woodland Cemetery and then at the Jewish Glendale Cemetery.

2017: In New York, Rabbi Marc Schneier is scheduled to serve as “honorary grand marshal” of today annual Muslim Day Parade.

2017: The Illinois Holocuast Museum and Education Center is scheduled “Art and Music That Rocks” led by poster maker and musician Jay Ryan.

2017: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Influential Mind: What the Brain Reveals about our Power to Change Others by Tali Sharot, Scienceblined: Why Our Intuitive Theories About the World Are So Often Wrong by Andrew Shtulman and Thanks Obama: My Hopey, Changey White House Years by David Litt.

2018(15th of Tishrei): On the Jewish calendar, Yarhrzeit of William “Bill” Schueller, beloved husband of Eleanor Schueller, father of Deb Levin and father-in-law of Mitchell Levin

2018: As Jews hold their lulavs and etrogs for the first time in 5779, they cannot help but wonder if Iran really plans to take a vengeance on Israel because of terrorist bombings and what will happen now that the Russians appear to trying to find a satisfactory scenario to explain the downing of one of their aircraft by their Syrian allies.

2018(15th of Tishrei, 5779): Sukkoth

2018(15th of Tishrei, 5779): Ninety-two year old Holocaust survivor turned New York restaurateur and provider of traditional Jewish dishes to New Yorkers passed a way today.(As reported by Richard Sandomir)

2019: In San Francisco, the JCCSF is scheduled to host “Jews, San Francisco and Vaudeville.”

2019: The Temple Emanu-El Streicker Center is scheduled to host “A Conversation with Chief Justice of the United States John Roberts, Jr.

2019: In Palo Alto, CA, the Oshman Family JCC is scheduled to host “Jews In Irish Music” that will include a concert by Riggy Rackin, Marla Fibish and Lewis Santer.

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