484 BCE: Birthdate of the very influential Greek playwright Euripides. Wherever Greek culture spread, writers attempted to create drama in the manner of Euripides. During the time of Hellenization of the Jews, a Jewish playwright by the name of Ezekiel re-wrote Exodus as a Greek tragedy. Written in Greek, it was in the style of Euripides and presents the story of Exodus slightly differently. Here Moses not only was educated in the Jewish traditions, but had a wide range of knowledge of Egyptian spiritualist wisdom. A central part of the Pagan Mysteries was a Pagan god-man, mortal yet immortal, god yet man. One who died yet was resurrected, a figure that often came to save mankind and offered spiritual teachings. If the Jews could Hellenize Exodus into a Greek tragedy, might a Hebrew version of Euripides' The Bacchae be far off?
63 BCE: Birthdate of Octavian who would reign as Caesar Augustus from 27 BCE to 14 CE. Augustus continued to follow the comparatively benign policies of his great-uncle Julius Caesar in dealing with the Jews. He allowed Herod to rule a Kingdom of Judea. Augustus was not blind to Herod’s moral shortcomings. Combining his knowledge of Jewish dietary laws with Herod’s murderous treatment of his family, Augustus was reported to say that he would rather have been Herod’s pig than Herod’s son. When Herod died, Augustus turned Judea into a province but he instructed the governors not to do anything that would be offensive to the Jewish population such as parading the Roman Eagle through the streets of Jerusalem. He also sought to protect the rights of Jews living throughout the Empire including offering imperial protection for synagogues and exempting Jews from court appearance on Shabbat. Considering the track record of his successors, Augustus would be looked upon as a “good Roman Emperor.”
1122: Signing of the Concordat of Worms. It was an agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V that brought to an end the first phase of the power struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Emperors. The Jews of Worms may have had a special affection for Calixtus II. In 1120, he had issued Sicut Judaeis, a Papal Bull that reiterated the Church’s protection of the Jews in the wake of the persecutions of the first Crusade. The Jewish community of Worms had been wiped out by Crusaders traveling to the Holy Land during the First Crusade. Unfortunately, Christians ignored the words of the bull since the community was again slaughtered during the Second Crusade.
1529: Siege of Vienna begins as Suleiman II begins his attack on the city. The Siege of Vienna of 1529, as distinct from the Battle of Vienna in 1683, represented the farthest Westward advance into Central Europe of the Ottoman Empire, and of all the clashes between the armies of Christianity and Islam might be signaled as the battle that finally stemmed the previously-unstoppable Turkish forces (though they continued their conquest of the Austrian-controlled parts of Hungary afterwards).
1658(2nd of Tishrei): Nathaniel, son of Benjamin, son of Azriel Trabotti who was born in 1576 passed away to in Modena.
1672: The Cossacks captured Satanow, Poland, one of the few Polish towns to have escaped harm until this date. The Jewish populations would suffer accordingly.
1720: In New York, Jacob and Abigal Franks gave birth to their youngest son, David who would side with the British during the American Revolution. “As a young man, he moved to Philadelphia, where he became a successful merchant, engaging in land speculation, shipping, and fur trading; he was also a member of the Congregation Mikveh Israel. He was elected a member of the provincial assembly in 1748. Franks, with his wife Margaret Evans a member of one of Philadelphia's Christian families, was socially prominent in the city. During the French and Indian War, he was engaged by the government to supply the army with provisions. In 1755, upon the defeat of General Braddock, he helped to raise a fund of £5,000 for the further defense of the colony. He signed the Non-Importation Resolution of 1765, but eventually his loyalist tendencies won over. During the revolution, he was the king's agent for Pennsylvania. Perceived as a threat to the security of the United States, he was jailed briefly in 1778 by order of Congress, and then imprisoned again in 1780. He for a time owned and inhabited Woodford, a mansion in Germantown, now a National Historic Landmark. His nephew, Col. David Salisbury Franks, a revolutionary who served as aide to Benedict Arnold, came under further suspicion because of his relationship with his loyalist uncle. He died in October, 1794 at Iseworth, UK.
1723: Jacques Basnage the French Protestant minister who wrote Jewish Antiquities and who was considered one of the best sources on the subject history 19th century authors liked Isaak Markus Jost began published their works, passed away today.
1726: Charles VII “issued an order that of every Jewish family only one member should be considered "pro incola," which meant that only one should be permitted to marry.”
1726: The torture of António José da Silva “a Portuguese-Brazilian dramatist, known as "the Jew" (O Judeu)” intensified. Eventually he confessed to having followed Jewish practices, a confession that saved his life.
1764: German born, merchant and signer of the Non-Importation Resolutions Moses Mordecai “was naturalized today in Phladelphia.”
1759(2nd of Tishrei, 5520): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah
1776(10th of Tishrei, 5537): Yom Kippur – American Jews fast for the first time as citizens of the newly independent United States
1786(1st of Tishrei, 5547): Rosh Hashanah
1789(3rd of Tishrei, 5550) Tzom Gedaliah
1789: Burial of Meir Salomon Maas today at the Battonnstraße Jewish cemetery, Frankfurt am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Preussen,
1795(10th of Tishrei, 5556): As the Russians, Prussians and Austrians negotiate the treaty that will result in the third and final partition of Poland, Jews observe Yom Kippur.
1812: Birthdate of Marcus Nordeheim, the native of Memmelsdorf who began his business career as a butcher.
1816: Zipporah Isaacs and Hymen Cohen gave birth to Caroline Cohen.
1818: Uzziel Emanuel married Jane Solomonson at the Great Synagogue today.
1820(15th of Tishrei, 5581): For the first time during the reign of King George IV of the UK, Jews observe Sukkoth
1828(15th of Tishrei, 5589): Sukkoth is observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Q. Adams.
1829: In New York Mary Levy became Mary Moss today when he married Eleazer Moss.
1837 (13 Tishrei, 5598): On the secular calendar Rabbi Akiva Eiger of Posen passed away. Born in 1761, he was a renowned scholar and leading Talmudist. He was also a leading opponent of the Reform movement sweeping across German, one of the leading Talmudists in the first half of the nineteenth century. His devotion to the sick during a cholera epidemic earned him the recognition of Frederick William III Rabbi Akiva Eiger not only taught Torah, he lived it as well. It was his custom to invite poor people to his Seder and treat them as honored guests and not mendicants. According to one story, a guest once accidentally spilled a cup of wine on the new white Pesach tablecloth. Seeing how embarrassed the poor man was, the Rabbi quickly knocked over his own cup and then announced, "It seems that the table is not very steady. He interpreted many parts of the liturgy and the Torah as warnings against false leaders - a topic of great importance to him given what was happening in Germany during his life time.
1837: Birthdate of Joseph Rabinowitz the native of Bessarabia who was raised as “chasid” but converted to Christianity in 1885.
1838: In Canterbury, Fanny Nathan and Joel Abrahams gave birth to Judith Abrahams.
1839(15th of Tishrei, 5600): Sukkoth
1840: In Posen Schiee Jaffé and his wife gave birth to Dr. Benjamin (Benno*) Jaffé.
1840: Henry Jacob Humphreys married Sophia Cohen at the Great Synagogue today.
1842: Caroline A. Carvalho and Emanuel Nunes Carvalho gave birth to David Nunes Carvalho
1844(10th of Tishrei, 5605); Yom Kippur is observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Tyler, the first Vice President to become President following the death of the President.
1845: In New York, Abigail and Asher Kursheedt gave birth to Frederick Adolph Kursheedt.
1852: In Charleston, which at that time was part of Virginia, Sarah Solis and Solomon Carvalho gave birth to Jacob Solis Carvalho, the younger brother of David Nunes Carvalho.
1846(3rd of Tishrei, 5607): Tzom Gedaliah
1846(3rd of Tishrei, 5607): Sekl Loeb Wormser, the Frankfurt educated native of Michelstadt whose knowledge, piety and work with the sick earned him the honorific “the Michelstadter Ba’al Shem” passed away today.
1854(1st of Tishrei, 5615): Rosh Hashanah
1854: In Cleveland, Ohio, the Marshall arrested two men named Cohen and Freehart, both of whom have been identified as “English Jews,” for stealing valuable silks from several stores.
1855: Birthdate of Henry Abrahams, the native of Buffalo, NY and Boston trained cigar maker who served as the secretary of Cigar Makers’ International Union of America Local 70 in Cambridgeport and Local 97 in Boston and the “president of the Massachusetts State Branch of the American Federation of Labor from 1889 to 1890.
1855: Three days she had passed away, 64 year old Amelia Israel was buried today in London.
1860(7th of Tishrei, 5621): Caroline Steckler, the second wife of California merchant Charles Steckler passed away today.
1861: In Philadelphia, Henry F. Birnbaum enlisted in Company H of the 65th Regiment of the Fifth Cavalry.
1863(10th of Tishrei, 5624): Yom Kippur
1863: Birthdate of Odessa native Dr. Leon Brodsky
1863: In Kotteso, Hungary, Joseph Deutelbaum and Fannie Zelenka gave birth to Leopold Duetelbaum, the husband of Johanna Kurz who taught at the Jewish Orphan Asylum in Cleveland and the Sabbath Schools at Congregations Tifereth Israel and Anshe Chesed from 1892 to 1900 when he began serving as the Superintendent of the Chicago Home for Jewish Orphans.
1863: Rabbi Samuel M. Isaacs delivered the Yom Kippur sermon at the synagogue on Wooster Street in NYC.
1863: Rabbi Jacob M. Raphall gave the Yom Kippur sermon at the Greene Street Synagogue in NYC
1863: Rabbi Samuel Adler delivered the Yom Kippur Sermon at Temple Emanu-El on 12th street in NYC.
1863: Rabbi J.J. Lyons delivered the Yom Kippur Sermon at the Nineteenth Street Synagogue.
1863: "Local Intelligence...The Yom Kippur" published today reported that
Last night commenced the most solemn festival known to the Jewish faith -- the Yom Kippur, or Day of Atonement. From the most ancient down to the present time, it has been religiously and strictly observed by them and the Solemn warrant for its celebration is found in Leviticus, xvi., 29, where Moses, by the express command of God, designates the formula the festival. The great fast of 24 hours duration, there prescribed, commenced last evening at sunset, and will continue until sundown to-day. This morning all the synagogues in the City will be thronged with worshippers. every orthodox Jew deeming it absolutely indispensable to go this day at least, if upon no other in the year, to the conventicle of his people, and with full confession, make solemn and earnest atonement for his sins during the past twelvemonth. This, too, is the only day on which, according to the ancient rite in Judea, even the high priest dared to enter the "holy of holies,'' the inner sanctuary of the temple.”
1864: Thirty year old Louis Manly Emanuel a native of London and a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School who was a surgeon with the 82nd regiment was mustered out today after three years and two months of service with the Union Army.
1864: “Hebrew congregation Shaaray Tefila, which for fourteen years past has occupied a house of worship in Wooster-street, dedicated a new synagogue this afternoon with the usual ceremonies of the Jewish ritual. The new edifice erected by this congregation is situated in Broadway, between Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth streets, and is in every way a suitable and comfortable building. The interior is fitted up with great taste and at considerable expense. The woodwork is grained in imitation oak. The altar, the ark and the veil are of beautiful workmanship, and elaborately ornamented with gold and silver bullion letters and embroidered. The service of dedication in the Hebrew church is very solemn and imposing. After the psalms had been chanted by an excellent German choir under direction of Mr. Woolf, and the prescribed passages of Scripture had been read, the priest and deacons carried the scrolls of the law, in procession, three times around the synagogue, finally depositing them in the ark. The services concluded with an impressive address by the Rev. S.M. Isaacs, minister of the congregation. The building was crowded by a large and attentive audience.”
1865: An association dedicated to building the first Jewish hospital in Philadelphia, PA was incorporated today.
1867: In New York City Jacob Mitchell and Rosa Straschitz, gave birth to William Mitchell the graduate of CCNY who managed the glass department of L. Straus and Sons for 12 years and began serving as Superintendent of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association since 1898.
1868: El Grito de Lares (The Cry of Lares), the first major revolt against Spanish rule and call for independence in Puerto Rico began today in Lares, Puerto Rico. Among the participants were Mathias Brugman and his son Hector who had formed a revolutionary committee code named: "Capa Prieto" (Black Cape). The revolt failed. The Spanish executed the Jewish revolutionaries who had refused to surrender to the authorities. Mathias Brugman was the son Pierre Brugman and Isabel Duliebre, two Dutch Jews who met and married in New Orleans where they raised their son. The family moved to Puerto Rico as part of the Spanish government’s attempt to get non-Hispanics to settle on the island. Brugman’s participation in the revolution was a product of his setbacks as a coffee grower and disgust with the abusive rule Spanish rule.
1871: As France continues to wrestle with the aftermath of the Paris Commune, it was reported today that an unidentified Jew has been passing himself off as a destitute refugee when in fact he had several hundreds of thousands of francs in his possession. This has led to speculation that he is working for the government as spy informing the authorities of the activities of the communists.
1872: Dutch jurist and States General member Michael H. Godefroi, “delivered exhaustive speeches in the chamber, insisting that the commercial treaty with Rumania should not be ratified until guaranties should have been given that Netherland Jews in that country should enjoy perfect equality before the law.”
1873(2nd of Tishrei, 5634): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah
1875: Leyser Lazarus began serving as president of the Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau. He succeeded the legendary Zacharias Frankel who had passed earlier in the year.
1875: In Brighton, “after ten months of work at a cost of £12,000 (equivalent to £1.01 million in 2015), the dedication ceremony took place today and The Middle Street Synagogue with a seating capacity of 300 was opened today.”
1876: Birthdate of Moshe Zvi Segal
1876: In Pittsburgh, PA, “Julia and Moses Oppenheimer” gave birth to Oscar William Oppenheimer, the “husband of Claude Siesel” whom he had two children who was the “President of the Steel Drum Company” in his home town.
1881(29th of Elul, 5641): Erev Rosh Hashahnah
1881: “The Jewish New Year” published today described the upcoming Jewish holiday season that begins with the start of “Rosh Hashono” this evening. Business will be almost entirely suspended among the Jewish community during these holidays; all will united in welcoming the New Year in a becoming manner.”
1881: “Mourning For The Dead” published today described various plans to honor the late President Garefield including the plans of the “Young Men’s Hebrew Association to hold a memorial meeting in honor of the late President.”
1882(10th of Tishrei, 5643): Yom Kippur
1882: “The Fast of Yom Kippur” published today describes the importance of what “is regarded as the holiest day in the year.” While for most Jews “neither food nor drink of any kind is allowed to pass” their lips, “among Reformed Jews the fast is not so strictly kept.”
1883: A Jew named Henry Stern was reported today to have “swindled several persons at Asbury, NJ” including the cashier at the National Banking Company of Freehold and the owner of Patterson’s Opera House whom he convinced to cash fraudulent checks, one for $100 and the other for $80.(Obviously there has been a change in the idea of what constitutes a newsworthy financial crime in the last 100 years.)
1883: Mrs. P. J. Joachaimsen was elected today to serve as President of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society in New York City.
1883: “The Late Leon Halevy” published today, relying on information that first appeared in the Paris American Register described the death and career of the Leon Halevy, the son of playwright and novelist Ludvoic Halevy.
1884: In New York City, the family of Sarah Schuer received telegrams that had been sent the young bride and her new husband, Henry C. Friedman from Saratoga saying that they were on their way to Niagara Falls. The couple had eloped last night and had gone to Saratoga to solemnize their marriage. The bride is the 19 year old daughter of millionaire merchant Solomon Scheuer. The 28 year old groom is a member of the New York Mining stock and National Petroleum Exchange.
1884(4th of Tishrei, 5645): Sixty-seven year old Hermann Edler von Zeissi, the Austrian dermatologist who became an authority on skin diseases and syphilis while work at the General Hospital in Vienna passed away today.
1886: In Pittsburgh, PA, “Samuel and Julia (Morganstern) Strassburg gave birth to Harvard educated attorney Eugene B. Strassburger, the husband of Constance Block whose activities included lecturing at the Duquesne University Law School, chairing the legal aid committee of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of Pittsburgh and serving as a a director and secretary of the Coca Cola Bottling Works.
1886: Birthdate of Warsaw native David Davidson, the commercial printer and husband of Bertha Davidson with whom he had three children – Frederick Sylvia and Hilda.
1887: Birthdate of Max Drob the Polish-born Rabbi with a most distinguished lineage, who became one of the major leaders of the Conservative Movement, making it a bridge between the excesses of Reform and the rigidity of Orthodoxy and who raised four children – Judah, Harold, Frank and Ruth – with his wife Dorothy.
1887: Justice White presided over an unusual child custody case to at the Harlem Police Court. Mr. and Mrs. William Lee, an African American couple, and Mr. and Mrs. Hirsch Brodcki, a Jewish couple each claimed that a nine year old girl now known Annie is there daughter. According to the Brodcki, their daughter disappeared three years ago. According to the Whites the child was given them by an unwed African domestic whose father was a white.
1887(5th of Tishrei, 5648): Sixty-eight year old Samuel Rossin, a resident of New York who was head of S. Rossin & Sons, a tobacco importing firm passed away today while visiting his daughter in the Adirondack Mountains. A native of Bavaria who began his business in Toronto, he was a Director of the Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews.
1888: “Jerusalem As A Trade Center” published today relies on information that first appeared in the London Times to provide a snapshot of conditions in Palestine. During the past year that in the past year exports from Jerusalem have exceeded imports, due in part to the good harvest in the area. Two thirds of the goods that pass through Jaffa go on to Jerusalem which has become a market center for the Bedouins and villages farther to the east. There has been a significant increase in the export of religious related art most of which goes to the United States and Europe. While Jewish immigration has been limited by new Turkish regulations, the price of land has increased significantly due to the arrival of so many Jews from abroad.
1889: A United States Deputy Marshall brought a prisoner before Immigration Commissioner Hitchcock in New York who will probably be deported if he proves to Simon Baruch, the Jewish swindler who is charged by Austrian authorities with making off with the equivalent of $150,000.
1889: Birthdate of Walter Lippmann. Born in New York City, Lippmann was raised in comfortable circumstances by German-Jewish parents. A graduate of Harvard, Lippman began his career as a journalist. During World War I he was both a captain in the Army (military intelligence) and Assistant Secretary of War. Although his name is meaningless to many today, from the days of Woodrow Wilson through Lyndon Johnson, Lippmann was one America's leading journalists and political columnists. During his the various stages of his career, Lippmann's writings were variously described as socialist, liberal and finally neo-conservative. They were never characterized as being pro-Jewish. He passed away in 1974.
1890(9th of Tishrei, 5656): Erev Yom Kippur
1890: Anarchist Johann Most is scheduled to hold a mass meeting this evening at the Labor Lyceum on Myrtle Avenue for the purpose of mocking Yom Kippur and the Jewish religion.
1890: In Brooklyn, Captain Ennis of the 6th Precinct and 100 reserves to possession of the Labor Lyceum and locked the doors to prevent Anarchist Johann Most from delivering a speech attacking Yom Kippur using language that “very much shocked” Mayor Chapin
1890: In a note bearing today’s date, “the Austrian Embassy in London reported to Vienna on a rumor from Paris to the effect that the French government was the considering the expulsion of Baron Maurice de Hirsch from France” because of his connection to General Boulanger, “the man on a white horse” who threatened to topple the Third Republic.
1890: A rabbi from a South Brooklyn congregation represented by Joel Krone will appear as plaintiff in a proceeding before the New York Supreme Court seeking an injunction that will prevent Johann most from holding a mass meeting tonight. Speaking on behalf of Orthodox Jews, he is basing the request on the part of the Penal Code making “it a misdemeanor for person to assemble in such a manner as is adapted to disturb the public peace” and another section that defines “a public nuisance any act which annoys, injures or endangers the comfort, repose, health or safety of any consider number of persons.”
1890: Jews in New Rochelle, NY will close their services today in preparation for the observance of Yom Kippur.
1892(23rd of Tishrei, 5653): 2nd Day of Rosh Hashanah
1892: Four women died and untold hundreds more were injured when a fire broke out today at 27 Ludlow Street, a tenement building meant to hold 200 hundred people but that was filled with over a thousand Jews who were worshipping with one of the five congregations that were using the building for Rosh Hashanah services.
1892: For the second day in a row, the Erie Street congregation of Russian Jews held services in the assembly room of the new Young Men’s Christian Association building despite the fact that there were two crosses on the front of the building.
1892: According to statements by his son who is a physician, Dr. Gustav Gottheil, the rabbi at New York’s Temple Emanu-El is very sick and may be suffering from typhoid fever.
1892: A fire broke out on Ludlow Street that left so many Jewish victims Jacob H. Schiff and the United Hebrew Charities would take a leading role in collecting funds to aid them.
1892: Seventy year old John Pope, the Union General who commanded the Army of the Potomac and whose bodyguard was commanded by Nathan Davis Menken, a captain in the 1st Ohio Cavalry and a leading Jewish merchant from Cincinnati passed away today.
1893: Three Hebrew Anarchists – Carol Feldman (editor of the Freie Arbiter Stimme), Bernard Packman and Arthur Press were arraigned in the Essex Market Police Court for their role in a small riot sparked by their Anti-Yom Kippur Demonstration. Feldman was discharged but Press and Packman were each fined $10.
1893: In Philadelphia, “Anna and Albert Mendel Weisbrod” gave birth to Maxfield M. Weisbrod, George Washington University trained lawyer and WW I veteran who was the “husband of Rose Weisbrod” and the “father of Charles Weisbrod.
1893: Miss Clara Perry Thomas and David Solomon were married this evening by the rector of the Holy Trinity Episcopal Church in Harlem after she had gained his release from the Bloomingdale Asylum over the objections of his family. They had asked Rabbi Maurice Harris of Temple Israel in Harlem to perform the ceremony but he refused.
1894: Birthdate of Muncie, Indiana native and University Chicago trained lawyer Benjamin V. Cohen, a member of the administrations of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, had a public service career that spanned from the early New Deal through and beyond the Vietnam War era.
1894 Birthdate of Brooklyn native, WW I veteran and Harvard alum Albert Lewin who went from being an English teacher at the University of Missouri to a career as movie director, producer and screenwriter.
1894: “In all the synagogues” in New York the prayers offered before “the ten penitential days” known as Selicoth were offered today.
1895: In Paterson, NJ, a Russian Cossack riding the parade of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show attacked an 18 year old Jewish spectator, Bernard Benes, “severely lashing him” before being forced to stop several spectators.
1896: Clara, Baroness von Hirsch, widow of Baron Moritz von Hirsch, signs the first copy of her last will and testament.
1897: In Vienna, the Reichsrath opened today with a turbulent session dealing with issues of “religion, race, local government and national elections” in which the anti-Semitic parties played a dominant role.
1898: The Hebrew Infant Asylum of the City of New York was reported today to have purchased “a new home at 161st Street and Eagle Avenue” which it will soon be dedicating.
1899: Birthdate of Louise Nevelson, one of the most important American sculptors of the twentieth century
1899: Max Regis, the former Mayor Algiers and a notorious anti-Semite boarded a ship bound for Spain as he tries to escape from French authorities in North Africa who have arrested eight of his fellow anti-Semites.
1899: Three thousand Jews met tonight in Chicago where they heard Leon Zolotkoff who had been a delegate to the Congress at Basel, declare “Palestine will be secured to us and the Zionist will colonize it. The movement is under way, and I believe it will be a success.”
1899: “Mark Twain and the Jews” published today takes issue with the humorist’s paper on the Jews that was published in Harper’s Magazine in which he says that “Jews constitute but one per cent of the human race.” Reportedly there are seven million Jews in the world, meaning “they constitute less than one-half of l per cent” of the population. “Making due allowance for the number of Jews who conceal their religion Mark Twain’s estimate is twice as large as it should be.”
1900(29th of Elul, 5660): Erev Rosh Hashanah
1900: This evening at Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Silverman “addressed a large congregation deliver his sermon dealing the nature of the Feast of the New Year.’
1900: This evening, on the east side of New York, “many services were held in halls which are rented for the purpose at this season” to ensure “that all may have an opportunity to observe the holiday who desire to do so.”
1900: In Harlem, Rabbi Harris conducted services at Temple Israel.
1901(10th of Tishrei, 5662): Yom Kippur takes on an extra solemnity as the nation mourns the recent death of President McKinley who died at the hands of an assassin.
1903(2nd of Tishrei, 5664): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah
1903: Twenty year old Alma Hochstadter married Franklin Seligsberg.
1903: J. de Haas who had been a delegate to the Sixth Zionist Congress addressed a meeting of the Daughters of Zion at “the Capitol Hall” today.
1904: In Siauliai, Lithuania Nathan Menachem Schapiro and Fanny Adelman Schapiro gave birth to Meir Schapiro. When he came to the United States in 1907, a government worker at Ellis Island changed his name from Meir to Meyer. As Dr. Meyer Schapiro became a professor at Columbia University, a multi-disciplinary critic and historian, galvanic teacher, lifelong radical and a pre-eminent figure in the intellectual life of New York.
1905(23rd of Elul, 5665): Leil Selichot
1906(4th of Tishrei, 5667): Tzom Gedaliah
1906: Evidence was discovered that “the Black Hundreds had planned an attack on the Jews of Odessa on Rosh Hashanah”
1907(15th of Tishrei, 5668): As a wave of foreign bank runs continue which will lead to the Panic of 1907 in the United States, Jews observe Sukkoth
1908: Twenty-six year old Charles M. Rice, the St. Louis born son of Jonathan and Aurelia Rice and St. Louis Law School trained attorney married may Goldman today.
1911(1st of Tishrei, 5672): Rosh Hashanah
1911: Approximately 60 people were injured when Arabs attacked Jewish worshipers in Jerusalem at the Western Wall observing the Jewish New Year.
1911: In Dayton, Ohio, “Morris and Rebecca (Lenderman) Sandmel gave birth to Rabbi Samuel Sandmel, the University of Missouri Phi Bea Kappa graduate and the recipient of an M.H.L. degree from Hebrew College in 1937 who was a prolific author and the husband of Philadelphian Frances Langsdorf Fox with whom he had three children.
1912: In Albany, GA, Ben and Blanche Adler gave birth to Morris W. Adler, four years before the birth of the their second child Frances who was also born in Albany.
1912: Henry Adler of Dallas, TX, Nathan Straus of New York and Max Goltman of Memphis, TN, served as an “official delegates to the Fifteenth International Congress of Hygiene and Demography” that opened in Washington, DC today.
1912: Birthdate of New Brunswick, NJ, native and WW II veteran Sumner Marcus, the holder of JD from Harvard and a Ph.D from the University of Washington where he served as a dean,
1912: Anti-Jewish demonstrations took place in Sophia, Bulgaria in response to statements by the Chief Rabbi. Police were instructed to repress further disorders.
1913(21st of Elul, 5673): Fifty-two year old Julius Preuss, the “German-Jewish physician and Talmudic scholar who authored the 1911 pioneering textbook Biblical-Talmudic Medicine (Biblisch-Talmudisch Medizin)” passed away today.
1914: In London, Baron Édouard Alphonse de Rothschild and his wife, the former Germaine Alice Halphen gave birth to Baroness Bethsabée de Rothschild.
1914: American “officials expressed the view that Russia’s reported modification of stringent regulations against the Jews of their loyalty to the Government in its struggle in the present European war might pave the way for a” new commercial treaty to replace the one that “became inoperative in 1913 because it was interpreted by Russia as permitting the exclusion of American Jews” from the lands ruled by the Czar.
1914: “Peace Prayers in Chicago” published today described the prayerful response on Rosh Hashanah of the Jews in Chicago to the war raging in Europe.
1914: In Washington, “officials expressed the view that Russia’s reported modification of stringent regulations against the Jews because of their loyal to the Government in the present European war might pave the way for an understanding” that would lead to the signing of a new treaty of commerce and navigation between the two countries.”
1915(15th of Tishrei, 5676): As the French prepare to try and retake Champagne for a second and the British are fighting the Turks in Mesopotamia, the Jews observe Sukkoth.
1915: On Sukkoth, the Russians began their first siege of Przemysl whose Jewish population would suffer additional hardships because anti-Semitism during the extended fighting in and around the city.
1916: Today, in Baltimore, Rabbi C.A. Rubenstein called on the congregants of Har Sinai Temple to help create “a Judaism that shall be ‘the inspiration of our life and not a mere badge of descent’”
1916: Following his report about conditions of the American troops serving on the Mexican border, Dr. Aaron Eiseman, the former rabbi at Temple Beth Israel was reported to have said that contributions for the Y.M.H.A. which is providing services to these soldiers regardless of religious belief can be sent to S.S. Rosenstamm, Chairman of the Army and Navy Committee
1917: “Tells of Flight From Russia” published today contains the first hand report of Lorena Cohen, a resident of Memphis, TN of the suffering being endured by the Jews of Kovno whom the Czar forcefully deported from their homes because he considered all of them as spies after they had endured aerial bombing from the Germans.
1917: City College graduate and NYSE member Hyman Freiberg who died during fighting at Chipilly Ridge was drafted today
1918: Abraham “Shiplacoff was indicted for three counts of violation of the so-called Espionage Act for a speech against American intervention in Russia made in the Bronx 10 days ago.”
1918: Five hundred British cavalrymen captured Haifa and then moved north and captured Acre, much to the joy of the Jews who must have sensed that each British victory brought the Balfour Declaration that much closer to implementation.
1918: “ A Society Sensation:” starring Carmel Myers was released today in the United States.
1919: Birthdate of Dr. Maurice M. Rapport, “a biochemist who helped isolate and name the neurotransmitter serotonin, which plays a role in regulating mood and mental states, and who first described its molecular structure, a development that led to the creation of a wide variety of psychiatric and other drugs..” (As reported by William Grimes)
1920: In Baghdad, Yaakov Ben and Gorgia Ovadia gave birth to Ovadia Yoset “the spiritual leader of the ultra-Orthodox Shas Party.” (As reported by Isabel Kershner)
1922(1st of Tishrei, 5683): Rosh Hashanah is observed for the last time during the Presidency of Warren G. Harding.
1922: Wake Forest, coached by George Levene defeated Atlantic Christian in the first football game of the 1922 season.
1923: Yosef Yechiel Zaid, HaKohen and Chinka Chana Zaid gave birth to Israel Zaid and Yehuda Zaid.
1923: Lightweight boxer Benny Leonard (born Benjamin Leiner) fought Kid Lewis to a draw in Newark.
1925: “The Butter and Egg Man” written by George S. Kaufman opened on Broadway at the Longacre Theatre for the first of 243 performances.
1926(15th of Tishrei, 5687): Jacob Braverman who was the husband of Sarah Braverman and who was buried in Ahavas Sholom Congregation Cemetery passed away today.
1926(15th of Tishrei, 5687): As Jews observe Sukkoth, Gene Tunney defeated Jack Dempsey to become world Heavyweight Champion
1927: “Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans” a silent film produced by William Fox, with a screenplay by Carl Mayer and music by Hugo Riesenfeld was released today in the United States by Fox Film Corporation.
1927: U.S. Premiere of “Two Arabian Knights” an Oscar winning comedy directed by Lewis Mileston (Leib Milstein) and co-starring Louis Wolheim.
1927: “Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis” produced by Carl Mayer and Karl Freund who also worked on the picture as one of the cinematographers was released in Germany today.
1928(9th of Tishrei, 5689): Erev Yom Kippur
1928: “The Butter and Egg Man,” the first film adaptation of the George S. Kaufman Broadway hit play was released in the United States today.
1928: “Random Note on Summer Art Season in Paris,” published today described the works of Ruben of Palestine whose works are on display at the Galerie Druet. His canvases capture secenes from Dan to Beersheba including paintings of the new towns (Tel Aviv) and old cities (Jerusalem, Safed and Jaffa.)
1928: On the second day of the Massena (NY) Blood Libel, the state police questioned a Jew named Morris Goldberg about the disappearance of four year old Barbara Griffiths who had been reported missing yesterday. Goldberg was lacking in any real knowledge about his religion and may have left the police with the impression “that there might be some truth to the rumors that Jews engage in ritual murder. The police then interrogated Berel Brennglass, the rabbi at Adath Israel Synagogue “When asked about the allegations of ritual murder, Brennglass told the police and the town's mayor, who was present, that they should be ashamed for asking such questions. He expressed outrage that people believed such lies in the United States in the 20th century.” “Barbara Griffiths was found in the woods later that afternoon roughly a mile from her home. She told authorities she had become lost during her walk and slept in the forest. Nevertheless, some citizens of Massena continued to believe that Griffiths had been kidnapped by the Jews. They attributed her safe return to the discovery of the Jews' plot. The Massena blood libel drew national attention. Through the efforts of Rabbi Brennglass, the American Jewish Committee and the American Jewish Congress denounced the town's leaders, prompting apologies from the mayor and the state police to the rabbi, the town's Jews, and all Jews of the United States.In his apology, the mayor wrote:
In light of the solemn protest of my Jewish neighbors, I feel I ought to express clearly and unequivocally ... my sincere regret that by any act of commission or omission, I should have seemed to lend countenance ... to what I should have known to be a cruel libel imputing human sacrifice as a practice now or at any time in the history of the Jewish people. “
1929: Judge William M. Lewis national chairman of the United Palestine Appeal, who has just returned from Palestine, addressed the Men’s Brotherhood of the First United Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia. Judge Lewis expressed the belief that the turmoil was based in economics not religion. He told the attendees that “envy of Arab landowners” and not the Wailing Wall “is at the basis of the conflict between Arabs and Jews in Palestine…” “’the real trouble in Palestine is with the Arab landowners who still work their ground under the old feudal system with primitive methods... The Jews have introduced modern machinery and working conditions with the result that the Arab workers have shown dissatisfaction with their lot. Racial and religious hatred has been inflamed as a consequence.”
1929: Birthdate of Herman Rosenblat, the author of a fake story about the Holocaust.
1930(1st of Tishrei, 5691): As the economy continues to spiral downward, Jews observe first Rosh Hashanah of the Great Depression.
1932: The Toronto Star reported today that newspaper correspondent Rhea Clayman “had been from Russia and attacked as a bourgeois troublemaker.” (As reported by Jars Balan)
1932: “The Phantom President” a political satire directed by Norman Taurog with music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Lorenz Hart was released today in the United States by Paramount Pictures.
1933(3rd of Tishrei, 5649): Shabbat Shuvah
1933(3rd of Tishrei, 5649): New York native Sime Silverman the publisher who founded Variety which became “the Bible” of American show business passed away today.
1933: Walter Becker, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Becker” is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah at Congregation Beth-El in Camden, NJ.
1934(14th of Tishrei, 5695): Sixty-three year old German born American industrialist Ludwig Vogelstein who was a leading figure in the Reform movement and was vice president of the World Union for Progressive Judaism passed away today in New York.
1934: Outfielder Fred Sington made his major league debut with the Washington Senators.
1936 (7th of Tishrei, 5697) Meier Dizengoff, one of the founders of Tel Aviv and its first and only Mayor, passed away at the age of 75. Born in a village in Bessarabia where he received a typical Cheder/Yeshiva based education, Dizengoff moved to Kishineff with his parents and it is there he further his secular education at State run school. Dizengoff first went to Palestine in 1891 where he failed in an attempt to start a glass factory that was intended to provide bottles for wine grown in Eretz Israel. Dizengoff returned to Russia but left in 1905 when he made Aliyah. Dizengoff was one of those seemingly mythic figures who stood on a stand dune in 1909 and turned it into a modern metropolis that numbered 100,000 citizens on the day he passed away.
1936: A concentration camp opens at Sachsenhausen, Germany.
1936: Dr. Israel Goldstein, the acting chairman of the United Palestine appeal announced today that “a total of $1,007,225 was spent for reconstruction in Palestine from April 1 to July 31.”
1936: Due to a decision by the Nazi government, “blind Jewish war veterans have lost the privilege of reduced monthly telephone rates” which are still enjoyed by “Aryan” veterans.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that Palestinian Arabs indicated that they would refuse to Commission on Palestine.
1938: Synagogues were burned to the ground in Cheb and Marienbad, ethnic-German towns in the Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia.
1938: Today, week before it was occupied by Nazi Germany, the Czech town of “Chomutov was declared "Judenrein" by the increasingly the pro-Nazi administration.”
1938: Fritz Löhner-Beda was transferred to the Buchenwald concentration camp” where “together with his fellow prisoner Hermann Leopoldi, he composed the famous anthem of the concentration camp, Das Buchenwaldlied ("The Buchenwald Song").
1938: Journalist Heinrich Eduard Jacob was transferred from Dachau to Buchenwald today.
1939(10th of Tishrei, 5700): Yom Kippur
1939(10th of Tishrei, 5700): Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, died at the age of 83.
1939: On the Jewish Day of Atonement, Jews across Poland are publicly humiliated by SS troops: forced labor, coerced shavings of beards, destruction of property, beatings, and forced dancing. At Piotrków, Poland, Jews are compelled to relieve themselves in the local synagogue school, then use prayer shawls and holy books to clean up the mess.
1939: As the Nazis completed their conquest of Poland, Jews began to feel the persecution that would eventually become the Final Solution.
1939: Polskie Radio was bombed by the Nazis today “shortly after broadcast the last Chopin recital played by Władysław "Wladek" Szpilman.”
1940: Birthdate of Pulitzer Prize winning playwright Bernard Pomerance. (As reported by Neil Genzlinger)
1940: SS chief Heinrich Himmler authorizes a special SS Reichsbank account to hold gold (including gold extracted from teeth), silver, jewelry, and foreign currency stolen from interned Jews. The account is held by the fictitious "Max Heiliger."
1941(2nd of Tishrei, 5702): Rosh Hashanah
1941: Meir Binem (Beniek) Wrzonski arrived at the Lodz ghetto and found out that his father Noah Wrzonski had passed away earlier in the day.
1941: Gassing tests are conducted at Auschwitz.
1941: 3500 Jews unable to escape from Ejszyszki, Lithuania, are locked in a synagogue and then moved to a cattle market, where they are denied food and water;
1942: Over 2,000 Jews were deported from the "show ghetto" at Theresienstadt to the extermination camp of Maly Trostenents in the Soviet Union. Approximately 200,000 to 500,000 were murdered at the camp. There were no known survivors.
1942: Three of Sigmund Freud’s siblings – Regine Debora, Maria and Pauline Regine – were deported to Treblinka
1942(12th of Tishrei, 5703): Twenty-four year old Soviet poet Paul Davidovich Kagan was killed by the Germans while leading a reconnaissance mission.
1942(12th of Tishrei, 5703): Hundreds of Jews from Slovakia and 641 from France are gassed at Auschwitz.
1942(12th of Tishrei, 5703): At the Treblinka death camp, 10,000 Jews from Szydlowiec, Poland, are killed.
1942: Regina Debora known as Rose and Marie known as Mitzi, two of the sisters of Sigmund Freud were deported to a concentration camp. Rose died at Auschwitz and Mitzi died in Theresiendstadt.
1942: British Home Secretary and Minister of Home Security Herbert Morrison opposed any further admission of Jewish immigrants into Britain. He fears this would encourage the French Vichy government to "dump" Jewish children into Britain.
1942: New Yorker cartoonist William Steig and Liza (Mead) Steig, head of the fine arts department at Lesley College gave birth to Jazz flutist Jeremy Steig.
1943: Berlin native Paul Steinberg who had remained in Paris to care for his father Joseph and his stepmother Pauline “was arrested today” because of an informant’s letter and shipped to Drancy, the first stop on the road to Auschwitz.
1943: The Nazis liquidated the Vilna Ghetto. Eight thousand of the remaining 10,000 Jews were beaten, robbed and gathered in Rosa square. One thousand, six hundred were selected to go to the labor camps in Estonia. Another 5,000 were sent to Majdanek and its new gas chambers. Hundreds of the old and sick were sent to Ponar and shot.
1943: Birthdate of Detroit native and Detroit College of Law trained attorney Bernard A. Friedman, the former Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.
1943: Birthdate of Henk Brink son of Henk Drogt, a Dutch policeman who joined the resistance movement after being ordered to round up Jews. Drogt, who was executed by the Nazis in 1944, was already recognized as a hero by former U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower, Britain and the Netherlands for his role in rescuing Allied pilots who ejected over occupied Holland. In 2008, Brink attended ceremonies at Yad Vashem where his father was recognized as A Righteous Among the Nations.
1943: Birthdate of Ariel Zilber, the native of Tel Aviv who gained famed as a singer and songwriter who composed “Yes Din ViYesh Dayan (there is a judge and there is judgment)
1944(7th of Tishrei, 5705): Erich Birnbaum, one of the last Jews in Berlin, died today.
1944: Warner Bros. released “Arsenic and Old Loss” a comedy with a screenplay by Julius and Philip Epstein with music by Max Stiener
1944: The 340th Bomb Group, whose members included Joseph Heller, destroyed of the Italian light cruiser Taranto in the heavily defended harbor of La Spezia today before the ship could be used by the enemy to block the harbor's entrance which Group received “a second Distinguished Unit Citation.”
1947(9th of Tishrei, 5708): Erev Yom Kippur – Jews hear Kol Nidre as the U.N. prepares to decide on the fate Palestine in its upcoming vote on partition.
1947: The wife of Sir Arnold Bax, the longtime lover of pianist Harriet Cohen passed away but did not lead to their marriage much to the surprise of Cohen
1948(19th of Elul, 5708): “Iraq’s wealthiest Jew, Shafiq Ades, a secular man with close ties to the monarch and the Iraq business elite was hanged today before cheering crowds outside his mansion in Basra on trumped up charges of aiding Israel
1950: Birthdate of Howard Reznick, the Brooklynite who gained fame as “actor, director and author” Hanon Reznikov. (As reported by Campbell Robertson)
1951: Shortstop Al Richter made his major league debut with the Boston Red Sox.
1951: Tonight, acting Egyptian minister of war Abd el-Fatha Hassahn charged Israel with unspecified violations in the area of Gaza on September 19. The minister would not specify the nature of the violation saying only that they “did not constitute ‘armed aggression.’”
1951: Today Menachem Begin was granted a six’s months leave of absence from his position as chairman of the Herut Party Center so that he can complete his studies for the upcoming bar examinations and complete a book on his World War II experiences focusing on his time in the Soviet Union.
1951(22nd of Elul, 5711): Eighty-four year old Mrs. Annie Nathan Meyer, chief founder and trustee of Barnard College, died today of a coronary thrombosis in her residence at the Hotel Croydon, 12 East Eighty-six Street.
1952: Agudat Yisrael and Poalei Agudat Yisrael left the coalition today shortly after disagreements over the conscription of women into the IDF leaving the government with only 60 of the 120 seats in the Knesset
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that two Israeli soldiers were wounded by Jordanians. Infiltrators from Jordan stole animals and irrigation pipes in the Jerusalem Corridor during Yom Kippur.
1954: CBS radio broadcast the last episode of “Meet Millie” a sitcom featuring Marvin Kaplan as Alfred Prinzmetal
1956: Shimon Peres met with French Defense Minister Bourges-Manouy to discuss increased shipment of French arms to Israel to offset the increase of modern arms being sent to Egypt and Syria by the Soviets. The French also were seeking to involve the Israelis in Operation Musketeer,, a joint Franco-British plan to land in Egypt and seize the Suez Canal which had been nationalized by Egyptian President Nasser.
1956(18th of Tishrei, 5717): A Jordanian soldier at a border post north of Bethlehem opened fired on a group of a hundred Israeli archaeologists who were examining the ancient ruins excavated at Rmat Rahal, the southernmost point of Jewish Jerusalem. Four of the archaeologists were killed. One of the four was the daughter in law of Golda Meir.
1957(27th of Elul, 5717): Seventy-one year old Samuel S. Lefkowitz, the Hungarian born “son of Meyer Lefkowitz and Sarah Weisberger and the husband of Yetta Lefkowitz who was “a registered pharmacist and a chiropractor” and “served as the secretary-treasurer of the Amalgamated Chiropractors Association of New Jersey” for almost 20 years passed away today at his home in Hackensack, NJ.
1959(20th of Elul, 5719): Eighty-one year old “civic, religious and education leader” Mrs. Evelyn Aronson Margolis, “the widow of Max L. Margolis, former professor of Biblical philology at Dropsie College and a noted Biblical scholar” passed away today.
1959: In Newark, NJ, Ruth Minnie (née Simon), a nurse and health care administrator, and Alexander B. Greenspan, an accounting manager gave birth to Jay Scott Greenspan who gained fame as Jason Alexander best known for his portrayal of “George” on Seinfeld.
1959: Two days after he had passed away, 64 year old Isidor Nagler, the Vice President of the ILGU was buried today “in Mount Hebron Cemetery” following a funeral service where the 2,000 attendees heard a eulogy by Golda Meir who “said that ‘thousands of Israeli workers mourn” the passing of this man who aided “in breaking down the barrier between the labor movements” in the United States “and in Israel…”
1960(2nd of Tishrei, 5721): In his first year in Washington, DC, Rabbi Stanley Rabinowitz delivered the sermon at Adas Israel on the Second Day of Rosh Hashanah
1961(13th of Tishrei, 5722): Parashat Ha’Azinu
1961(13th of Tishrei, 5722): Seventy-nine year old Eliezer Poupko, “the highest ranking Orthodox Rabbi in Pennsylvania,” and “spiritual leader of Etz Chaim Congregation in Philadelphia who raised seven children, including five sons who became rabbis, with his wife “Pesha Chaya” passed away today.
1961(13th of Tishrei, 5722): Sixty-four year old Seymour Nebenzal, the father of Harold Nebenzal and the husband of Lisbeth Mary Else Nebenzel who with his father formed the Nero-Film production company before being forced to flee when the Nazis came to power passed away today in Munich. (There is some debate as to whether he was born in 1899 or 1897 which accounts for the variance given for his age at the time of his death.)
1961: “Milk & Honey” finished its pre-Broadway run at the Colonial Theatre and headed for its opening in New York City.
1961: Seventy-nine year old Rabbi Eliezer Poupko, the native of Radin, Lithuania who came to the United States in 1931 after having been imprisoned by the Soviets and began serving Aitz Chaim Congregation in Philadelphia in 1942 passed away today.
1961: Birthdate of Falls Church, VA native and Yale University grad Bruce L. Cohen who became an “Academy Award-winning producer in film, television, and theater.”
1962: Leonard Bernstein led the inaugural concert of the New York Philharmonic in Philharmonic Hall (later renamed Avery Fisher Hall), Lincoln Center, New York City.
1964: Today “, Hofstra University's Board of Trustees awarded the newly created Augustus B. Weller Chair in Economics (Long Island's first fully endowed professorial chair) to Harvey J. Levin, then chairman of the university’s Economics Department, who held it for the next twenty-five years.”
1964: The Paris Opera unveils a stunning new ceiling painted as a gift by artist Marc Chagall, who spent much of his life in France.
1967: “The Happy Time,” “a musical with music by John Kander, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and a book by N. Richard Nash” premiered today in Los Angeles.
1968(1st of Tishrei, 5729): Rosh Hashanah
1968: Jewish students who notify the proper authorities at the University of Minnesota are excused from the opening day of classes which coincided with the Jewish New Year.
1970: “Condor” a western with a script by Larry Cohen was released today in the United States.
1971: Former U.S. Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach, an associate of the Vera Institute of Justice and Rabbi Edward Sandrow are scheduled to be among the speakers at the funeral today of Louis J. Schweitzer the businessman and founder of the Vera institute of Justice.
1972(15th of Tishrei, 5733): As McGovern and Nixon enter the last six weeks of the Presidential campaign, Jews observe Sukkoth.
1974: Birthdate of Oscar nominated director Joshua Lincoln Oppenheimer who “is a 2014 recipient of the MacArthur "Genius" Award”
1974: A Broadway revival of Gypsy – a product of Jule Styne, Stephen Sondheim and Arthur Laurents – opened at the Winter Garden.
1975: Funeral services for former magistrate and adjunct professor of law at NYU Morris Ploscowe who was the author of “Sex and he Law” and “The Truth About Divorce” are scheduled to be held this afternoon at the Riverside Amsterdam Avenue where the mourners will include his widow, “the former Zelma Friedman, his son Bernard L. Ploscowe and his daughter Deborah Ehrenstein.
1976(28th of Elul, 5736): Seventy-eight year old Sarah “Salle” Blumberg Parnes, the widow of Harold Solomon Gerstner and Maxwell Parnes and the daughter of David Blumberg, passed away today after which she was buried in the Mount Ararat Cemetery.
1977: Today, Menachem Begin, who had only been elected four months ago, “convened his security cabinet for a secret meeting” where the ministers agreed to order Mossad “to renew the hunt for Nazi War Criminals. (As reported by Yossi Melman and Dan Raviv)
1978(21st of Elul, 5738): Eighty-one year old American actor Jay Adler, the oldest child of Jacob and Sara Adler, leading actors in the Yiddish theatre and the brother the famous acting duo, Luther Adler and Stella Adler, passed away today.
1979(2nd of Tishrei, 5740): Second Day Rosh Hashanah
1979: “What’s Doing in Tel Aviv” published today described the various events planned for celebrating the 70th anniversary of the establishment of Israel’s largest city.
1982: In the wake of Israel’s less than successful incursion into Lebanon, Amine Gemayel, was elected president of Lebanon after the Syrians had assassinated his brother Bachir who had been serving as President.
1983: NBC begins to broadcast the second season “Family Ties,” the sitcom created by Gary David Goldberg.
1983: “Eddie and the Cruisers” produced by Joseph Brooks and starring Ellen Barkin and Helen Schneider was released in the United States today by Embassy Pictures.
1987(29th of Elul, 5747): Erev Rosh Hashanah
1987: In Berlin, Isaac Newman became rabbi of the Rykestrasse Synagogue,
1990: Saddam Hussein announced that he would destroy Israel.
1991(15th of Tishrei, 5752): Sukkoth
1992: “Mr. Saturday Night,” a comedy starring Billy Crystal who also directed, produced and co-authored the script for the film was released today in the United States.
1993(8th of Tishrei, 5754): Ninety-year old Scottish born Labour MP Louis Myer Galpern who “was given a life peerage as Baron Galpern” in 1979 passed away today.
1994: “Ed Wood,” a biopic comedy co-starring Martin Landau and with music by Howard Shore premiered today at the New York Film Festival.
1995: NBC broadcast the first episode of “JAG” a Naval legal series featuring Jordana Spiro as “Lt. Tali Mayfield.”
1996(10th of Tishrei, 5757): Yom Kippur
1996: In “For Cuban Jews, endless deprivation” published today, Steve Fainaru described conditions for the community under Castrol.
1997: Michael “Levy himself was created a life peer today as Baron Levy, of Mill Hill in the London Borough of Barnet.”
2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including The Popes Against the Jews: The Vatican's Role in the Rise of Modern Anti-Semitism by David I. Kertzer, Canaries in the Mineshaft: Essays on Politics and Media by Renata Adler and Total Recall by Sara Paretsky
2002: CBS broadcast the first episode of season six of the “King of Queen” a sitcom co-starring Jerry Stiller.
2002(17th of Tishrei, 5763): Chol HaMoed Sukkoth
2002(17th of Tishrei, 5763): Eighty-five year old Jule Rivlin, the Marshall University player and coach who was a teammate and personal friend of Press Maravich, the father of LSU”s Pete Maravich passed away today.
2002: NEEMO 4, whose NASA Aquanaut Crew included Jessica Meir, began today.
2003(26th of Elul, 5763): Simcha Dinitz, the Israeli ambassador to the United States during the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, who played a crucial but disputed role in arranging an airlift of American military supplies to Israel, passed away today in Jerusalem at the age of 74. (As reported by Paul Lewis)
2005: Tibor "Ted" Rubin a Hungarian-born Holocaust survivor, who immigrated to the United States in 1948, received the Medal of Honor today for his actions in the Korean War.
2005: Loretta Weinberg won another round in her court battle to have all the ballots counted in her race for a seat in the New Jersey State Senate when the Appellate Court ruled that the challenged votes should be counted.
2005: After premiering at the Cannes Film Festival, “A History of Violence,” the movie version of the novel by the same name directed by David Croenberg was released today in the United States.
2005: In case of Jew follows Jews Allen Rosenberg “was elected the 24th president of Screen Actors Guild (SAG) today Rosenberg’ succeeding Melissa Gilbert, who had served as president since 2001 and chose not to run for a third two-year term.”
2005: “Hours after rockets were fired into Israel, 10 terrorists were killed when a Hamas pickup truck was struck by a missile in the Jabaliya Refugee Camp.
2005: The Jerusalem Post reported that the price of lulavs may triple this year after Egypt, in an attempt to prevent damage to its date trees, prohibited the export of palm branches, causing a severe shortage. Since 1967, after Israel conquered the Sinai Peninsula, Israelis have been importing palm branches from El-Arish, on the Egyptian Mediterranean coast just south of Rafah.
However, after last Succoth the Egyptian Agriculture Ministry decided to prohibit export of the branches. According to Israeli traders, harvesting of the branches caused damage to date trees.
"Over the past few years the lulav market, both in Israel and in the United States, has exploded to the point where El-Arish was exporting a million lulavs a year," one trader said. "I know traders who signed big contracts to supply sets to a large group at a prearranged price," said Asayag. "They will be forced to supply the merchandise at that price despite the situation."
One trader told the Post he and his colleagues would not take advantage of the lulav shortage.
"You are doing God's will when you take a lulav on Succoth. So we want to help people do His will," he said. However, another trader said he would pass on the full price rise to consumers.
"The harder a Jew endeavors to fulfill a commandment, the greater the reward," he said.
2006 (Tishrei I, 5767): Rosh Hashanah
2006: Louisa.Schoenbuam, granddaughter of Dr. David and Tamara Schoenbaum makes her first appearance in the world. This is a real reason to sound the Shofar!
2007: The Sunday New York Times book section featured the following reviews of books with Jewish authors or Jewish subject matter: The Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War by David Halberstam, The Israel Lobby and U.S Foreign Policy by John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt and and a study of the lives Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Tolkas entitled Two Lives: Gertrude and Alice by Janet Malcolm.
2007: The Sunday Washington Post book section section featured the following reviews of books with Jewish authors or Jewish subject matter: A Drive in the County by Michael J. Rosen, The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World by Alan Greenspan and The Coldest Winter America and the Korean War by David Halberstam.
2007: Iran announced that Christine and Dan Levinson, the wife and oldest son of the imprisoned Robert Levinson would be allowed to visit the country – a trip they hope will help him gain his freedom.
2008: In Washington, D.C., the Chaim Kempner Author Series hosts a discussion with journalist Ariel Sabar for his new memoir My Father's Paradise: A Son's Search for His Jewish Past in Kurdish Iraq.
2008: Thomas Friedman discusses and signs his new book, Hot, Flat, and Crowded: Why We Need a Green Revolution--And How It Can Renew America, at the Sixth & I Historic Synagogue, which is the original site of Adas Israel, the only Conservative Congregation in the Washington, D.C. city limits.
2008: Tuesday, a voting body of 150 rabbis and public servants convenes to vote for the Chief Rabbinate's governing council (moetzet harabanut harashit), the final authority on issues such as criteria for kosher supervision, deciding who is a Jew for the purpose of marriage and the appointment of new rabbis and marriage registrars.
2008: Broadcast of the first episode of the 19th season of the Simpsons, a sitcom developed by James L. Brooks and Sam Simon.
2008: Russian archaeologists said they had found the long-lost capital of the Khazar kingdom in southern Russia, a breakthrough for research on the ancient Jewish state. "This is a hugely important discovery," expedition organizer Dmitry Vasilyev told AFP by telephone from Astrakhan State University after returning from excavations near the village of Samosdelka, just north of the Caspian Sea. "We can now shed light on one of the most intriguing mysteries of that period -- how the Khazars actually lived. We know very little about the Khazars -- about their traditions, their funerary rites, their culture," he said. The city was the capital of the Khazars, semi-nomadic Turkic people who adopted Judaism as a state religion, from between the 8th and the 10th centuries, when it was captured and sacked by the rulers of ancient Russia. At its height, the Khazar state and its tributaries controlled much of what is now southern Russia, western Kazakhstan, eastern Ukraine, Azerbaijan and large parts of Russia's North Caucasus region. The capital is referred to as Itil in Arab chronicles but Vasilyev said the word may actually have been used to refer to the Volga River on which the city was founded or to the surrounding river delta region. Itil was said to be a multi-ethnic place with houses of worship and judges for Christians, Jews, Muslims and pagans. Its remains have until now never been identified and were said to have been washed away by the Caspian Sea. Archaeologists have been excavating in the area if Samosdelka for the past nine years but have only now collected enough material evidence to back their thesis, including the remains of an ancient brick fortress, he added. "Within the fortress, we have found huts similar to yurts, which are characteristics of Khazar cities.... The fortress had a triangular shape and was made with bricks. It's another argument that this was no ordinary city." Around 10 university archaeologists and some 50 students took part in excavations in the region this summer, which are partly financed by the Jewish University in Moscow and the Russian Jewish Congress.
2008(23rd of Elul, 5768): Eighty-three year old Joel N. Bloom, “who in his 21 years as director of the science museum and planetarium at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia transformed a lackluster exhibition space into a bright and appealing one with hands-on experiments and walk-through exhibits, including a giant, pulsing human cell” passed away today. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)
2009: The Center for Jewish History presents a lecture entitled “Lessons and Legacies in Holocaust Survivor Families: Innovations in the Investigation of Intergenerational Responses” in which Dr. Hannah Kliger, Pennsylvania State University, Abington College describes the findings from her research that show the contribution of new methodologies for studying communication about trauma within Holocaust survivor families.
2009: Sara Paretsky reads from and signs her new V.I. Warshawski novel, “Hardball,” at Barnes & Noble in Bethesda, MD
2009: The Virginia Tech Hillel sponsors a lecture entitled “Looking for Jessica: Picturing the Jewish Woman in English Medieval Art” during which Carlee Bradbury, Radford University art history professor talks about how Jewish women were looked at by Christians during the Middle Ages.
2009 Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu is scheduled to meet with Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today in New York.
2010(15th of Tishrei, 5771): Sukkoth I
2010: The first Kleztival is scheduled to open today in Sao Paulo. The event will mark the inauguration of the Instituto da Música Judaica Brasil, or Brazilian Jewish Music Institute.
2010: When They Come for Us, We'll Be Gone: The Epic Struggle to Save Soviet Jewry by Gal Beckerman was published today
2011: The head of the Palestinian Authority presents its statehood bid to the Security Council and then addressed the General Assembly.
2011: Cantor Larry Paul and Robyn Helzner are scheduled to lead a Carlebach-inspired service at the Historic 6th & I Synagogue in Washington, DC followed by a communal Shabbat dinner.
2011: Jurors found 10 Muslim students guilty today of disrupting a lecture by the Israeli ambassador at a California university in a case that stoked a spirited debate about free speech.
2011: The IDF announced that forces on the Israel-Egypt border had been placed on high alert after threats were received that Hamas was planning terror activity in the area, the IDF spokesman's office stated.
2011(24th of Elul, 5771): Twenty-four year old Asher Palmer and his Yonatan died in automobile accident today that was caused by rock throwing Palestinian terrorists.
2011: Israel responded positively today, and the Palestinians negatively, to a formula for restarting negotiations issued by the Quartet that would place a December 2012 deadline on reaching an agreement
2012(14th of Tishrei, 5773): Erev Sukkoth
2012: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors or of special interest to Jewish Readers including All Gone: A Memoir of My Mother’s Dementia: With Refreshments by Alex Witchel and the recently released paperback edition of The Escape Artists: How Obama’s Team Fumbled the Recovery by Noam Scheiber.
2012: The headstone unveiling for Sue Katz, of blessed memory, the wife of Bert Katz, an honored pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community, is scheduled to take place this afternoon at Eben Israel Cemetery.
2012: Rabbi Alana Suskin and Rabbi Moshe Faierstein are scheduled to lead a study session on Yom Kippur at Tikvat Israel in Rockville, MD
2012: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Present is scheduled to commemorate the lost Jewish community of Vilna at the Nusakh Vilne Memorial Lecture and Concert
2012: Hundreds of mourners arrived in Modi'in early this morning to participate in the funeral of IDF Corporal Netanel Yahalomi, who was killed along the Egyptian border the day before yesterday
The 20-year-old Artillery Corps soldier was shot in the head by terrorists as he and his unit was reportedly giving water to African migrants who had arrived on the border. A second soldier was wounded in the attack. (As reported by Yaakov Lappin)
2012: Jewish Musical Tradition Echoes Through Ages by Jon Kalish
2012: In “Remembering NFL Films’ Steve Sabol” published today, Bill Lyons remembered the man who created a cinematic world of professional football perfection.
2012(14th of Tishrei, 5773): Eighty-nine year old gerontologist Dr. Reubin Andres passed away. (As reported by Leslie Kaufman)
2013: In Washington, DC, the Historic Sixth & I Synagogue is scheduled to host Café Night which will including “Basics and Beyond or Crash Course in Hebrew Reading” and class on “Your Adult Bar or Bat Mitzvah”
2013: Israeli pianist Roman Rabinovich and the Jupiter musicians are scheduled to perform work by several Czech composers at the Good Shepherd Church in NYC.
2013: At the Haifa Military Cemetery hundreds of mournours including comrades from the Givati Brigade attened the funderal of Tirat Harcamel native Sgt. Gal Gabrial who had been murdered yesterday by a Palestinian terrorists as he stood guard over a group of Jews who had gone to Hebron as part of their celebration of Sukkoth.
2013: Today Lithuania marked 70 years since Nazi Germany wiped out the Vilnius ghetto, all but obliterating the vibrant Jewish culture of a capital once known as the "Jerusalem of the North".
2014: Peace talks designed to extend the ceasefire between Hamas and Israel are scheduled to begin today in Cairo.
2014: “The Israel Navy welcomed a new submarine to its ranks at a ceremony for the INS Tanin in the port of Haifa today.”
2014: “A Greek Orthodox priest from Israel defended the Jewish state before the UN Human Rights Council today, arguing that it is the only country in the Middle East where Christians are not persecuted, and imploring the 47 member nations to “end your witch hunt of the only free country in the region.”
2014: “Israeli troops closed a significant chapter in this summer’s bloody escalation of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict today by cornering and killing the two men they suspected of kidnapping and murdering three Israeli teenagers in June.”
2014: “The Israeli military said this morning that it had shot down a Syrian fighter jet that had “infiltrated into Israeli airspace,” the first such episode in at least a quarter-century.”
2014: “The House of Rothschild,” “Gentleman’s Agreement,” “Crossfire” and “Focus” are scheduled to be shown this evening when TCM presents the fourth in its series “the Jewish Experience on Film.”
2015: Rabbi Roberto Arib is scheduled to lead services at the Masorti Congregation of Neve Tzedek.
2015(10th of Tishrei, 5776): Yom Kippur
“G'mar chatima tova v’tzom kal! May you be sealed for a good year and have an easy fast!”
2015: “The news director of a Chicago TV station apologized after a staff member mistakenly chose a symbol of Nazi Germany to illustrate a story about Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of Atonement.”
2016(20 Elul, 7776): Yahrzeit of Dr. Jacob Levin, of blessed memory, beloved husband of Betty, loving father of Michael (Gigi Cohen) Levin, Stephen (Dian Garton) Levin, Sharon (Philip) Wein and Lawrence (Sandra Morrison) Levin and proud Zaide to a whole tribe of grandchildren. To his brother Joe, he was the incomparable “Yaenkel” and to me his was my wonderful Uncle Jack – living proof that good guys finish first.
2016(20 Elul, 7776): Ninety-six year old Holocaust survivor Max Mannheimer passed away today. (As reported by Melissa Eddy)
2016: Beginning of season three of the off-beat comedy series “Transparent” starring Jeffrey Tambor and featuring appearances by Carrie Brownstein, Michael Stuhlbarg and Luzer Twersky.
2016: Today, Israeli security forces shot a Palestinian teenager who was attempting to stab Israelis outside of Kiryat Arba.
2016: Eighty-three year old Pulitzer Prize winning historian Israeli-American writer Saul Friedlander “who escaped the Nazi by being hidden in a French Catholic boarding school, “said today he would leave the United States if Donald Trump was elected president.
2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host the Benefactor-Legacy Luncheon where “Ellen Kassoff Gray will share stories and dishes from the book she co-authored with husband Chef Todd Gray, The New Jewish Table: Modern Seasonal Recipes for Traditional Dishes.
2017(3rd of Tishrei, 5778): Shabbat Shuva;
2017: In Memphis, TN, Temple Israel is scheduled to host Tashlich & Havdalah Services designed for a wide age range of worshippers.
2017: This evening, after Shabbat Quarterback Josh Rosen is scheduled to lead UCLA against Stanford.
2018: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today for 97 year old Anne Russ Federman, the last of three daughters of “Russ and Daughters” fame. (Editor’s note – I am sure that everybody has their favorite story about this venerable New York institution. In our case it came during a visit to New York when Mark Russ Federman, who was enchanted with the notion that Deb was really a farmer’s daughter from New York who knew about lox, took us for “a tour” of the store and the wonderful world of “smoked fish” including a history of the family business.)
2018: Following expressions of optimism about the possibility of “reaching a cease-fire agreement” by Hamas following the departure last night of the negotiators from Egypt, Israelis prepare for Sukkoth knowing that the reality is still terrorism – whether from incendiary kites and murderous knife attacks.
2018(14th of Tishrei, 5779): Erev Sukkoth
2018(14th of Tishrei, 5779): Ninety-nine year old David William Wolkowsky, the grandson of Russian immigrants who opened a clothing store in Key West “in the late 1880’s” who was both a developer and preservationist in this most southern of Florida communities, passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts.)
2018: Today, “the Israeli military rejected the Russian defense ministry’s claim that it was entirely to blame for the downing of a Russian spy plane by Syrian air defenses during an Israeli strike last week, reiterating that Syria was at fault.
2019: In Berkley, CA, JCC East Bay is scheduled to host “Jewish Earth Magic” with “Rabbi Jonathan Seidel and Maggid Jonathan Furst discussing “kosher vs. unkosher” magic, spiritual healing devices and more “around a bonfire.”
2019: The Leo Baeck Institute is scheduled to host Dr. Lily E. Hirsch as she lectures on “Anneliese Landau’s Life in Music: Nazi Germany to Émigré California.”
2019” The Lillian and Albert Small Capital Jewish Museum is scheduled to host its Guardian Luncheon during which “Jonathan Weisman of the New York Times will speak with CJM Consulting Curator Eric Yellin about his personal experience of antisemitism after a startling social media attack in 2016.”
2019: In Palo Alto, CA, the Oshman Family JCC is scheduled to host “former Obama speechwriter Sarah Hurwitz as she discusses her “new book, Here All Along.”