1218: The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. The
driving forces behind the crusade were two Popes who broke new ground in the
mistreatment of the Jews – Innocent III and his successor, Honorius III. One of their most infamous innovations was
the creation of “the Jew Badge,” which usually took the form of circle or
square of saffron yellow cloth. The
Crusade itself was a debacle and the forces of Islam continued to hold onto
Jerusalem. Given a choice, at this time,
for the Jews this outcome was the lesser of two evils.
The community of Frankfort-on-Main was attacked after Jews tried to prevent a
child from being baptized. As a result, a number of townspeople were killed.
Seeing no option the Jews set fire to their houses. The fire spread to the rest
of the community destroying nearly half the city. One hundred and eighty Jews
died while twenty-four agreed to be baptized.
Rabbi Meir of Rothenberg passed away. Born circa 1225, he was the last of the
Tosophists and the leading Rabbi in Germany. Convinced that there was no future
in Germany, he agreed to lead a large contingent of families to Eretz-Israel.
While waiting for the other families, he was seized by the Bishop of Bas. The
Emperor ordered him held in prison as a lesson to any of "his Jews"
who would try to leave Germany and thus cause him financial loss. He refused to
be ransomed, saying that it would serve as an impetus for further extortion. He
died in a prison near Colmar, and his body was held there until it was ransomed
some years later.
Toledo, Spain 21 Jews or Judaizers were burned at the stake and another “eleven
were sentenced to imprisonment for life.”
Sivan): 24 Jews lost their lives in an auto-da-fe in Barcelona
1738: On a day
now celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day, John Wesley is
converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement. According to Building New Bridges in Hope the official statement of the United Methodist
Church on Christian-Jewish relations, “Christians
and Jews are bound to God though biblical covenants that are eternally valid… that God has continued, and continues
today, to work through Judaism and the Jewish people
of Sivan): Abraham Valentine Potocki the Polish count who had converted to
Judaism was burned at the stake
Judah Piza and Ester Leon were married today in London.
Sivan, 5536): As the Founding Fathers debate the question of declaring
independence from Great Britain, Jews observe the first day of Shavuot.
1785: In New
York City, Grace Menes Nathan, the Strafford, CT born daughter of “Isaac Mendes
Seixas and Rachel Franks Seixas, and her husband Simon Nathan gave birth to
Isaac Mendes Seixas Nathan
of Sivan, 5555): Shavuot
1804: In Cologne,
Salomon Oppenheim, Jr. and his wife Therese Stein gave birth to their second
son Abraham Oppenheim.
of Sivan, 5566): Second day of Shavuot and Shabbat
Birthdate of Rabbi Abraham Geiger the native of Germany who became an early
leader of the movement that became Reform Judaism and passed away in 1874.
Elias and Eli Rachel were married today in the Great Synagogue in London.
Neumann of Spain became a U.S. citizen today.
of Sivan, 5574): S.Wilhelm Königswarter’s mother Elisabeth passed away today.
of Iyar, 5578): Lag B’Omer
Charleston, SC, Mr. Moses Joseph of Amsterdam married Miss Abigail Audler.
Solomon Hart and Rose Friedberg were married today in the Great Synagogue in London.
1820: Two days
after she passed away, Julia Henry, the three year old daughter of Abraham
Henry and Emma Lyon was buried today in England.
1824: Two days
after she had passed away, Julia Henry, the daughter of Abraham Henry and Emma
Lyon was buried today.
of Sivan, 5585): Second Day of Shavuot observed for the first time during the
presidency of John Q. Adams
London, Abraham Davis, a Shamas at the Great Synagogue in London, and his wife
gave birth to Isaac Davis, “the prime mover in the establishment of the Home
and Hospital for Jewish Incurables” and “one of the founders’ of the Jews’ Deaf
and Dumb Home” who was “warmly thanked by King Edward VII” for his service as
“a treasurer of the East London Committee of the People’s Palace.”
of Sivan, 5593): Shavuot on the same day that Virginia native John Randolph,
the United States Minister to Russia under Andrew Jackson passed away.
Antwerp, Meyer Joseph Cahen d'Anvers and Clara Bischoffsheim gave birth to
future French banker Louis Raphaël Cahen d'Anvers.
Balaton-Kojár, Hungary, Gabriel L. Dessauer and his wife gave birth Moritz Dessauer,
the German rabbi whose works included a book about Hobbes and Spinoza.
of Sivan, 5604): Shavuot observed on the same day “Samuel F.B. Morse dispatched
the first telegraphic message” was taken from Numbers 23:23 “over an
experimental line from Washington, D.C.(Editor’s Note: The Jews begin reading
the Book of Numbers on the Shabbat just prior to this event.
Jewish Chronicle reported that Rabbi Jacobs delivered a sermon on Shavuot based
on Deuteronomy, Chapter 16, verse 9.
of Sivan, 5612): Shavuot
Birthdate of Harris Lebus the English born son of Prussian cabinetmaker “who
joined his father’s firm” and turned it into “the largest furniture factory in
the world” which along with his communal activities earned him a knighthood in
of Sivan, 5615): Second day of Shavuot
London, “Lucy (née Daines) and John Daniel Pinero, a solicitor” gave birth to
actor Sir Arthur Wing Pinero whose paternal grandparents were Sephardic Jews
and his maternal grandparents were English Christians.
Abolitionist John Brown and his men killed five slavery supporters at
Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas. Three of his followers - August Bondi, Jacob
Benjamin and Theodore Weinter – have been identified as Jews according to the
historian Rufus Learsi.
1861: Major Mordecai and his family left the arsenal at
Watervliet, NY. For reasons of personal safety they left in the evening
without any fanfare since there were those who felt that Mordecai had betrayed
his country. Mordecai was one of the most prominent Jewish officers serving
with the U.S. Army prior to the Civil War.
A Southerner by birth, he had tried to arrange a transfer to a post in
the West that would enable him to serve his country without having to actually
fight family and friends. When this
attempt failed, Mordecai resigned. But
unlike other Southerners, he refused all of the offers to join the Confederate
Army. He entered civilian life and never
wore a uniform again.
1862: In Paris, Jacques and Hérminie Offenbach gave birth
to Auguste Offenbach
1863(6th of Sivan, 5623): Shavuot observed as
Grant is laying siege to Vicksburg
Iyar, 5624): Lag B’Omer observed as Grant perused Lee across northern Virginia
in a series of battles called the Wilderness Campaign,
1868: A public
meeting of Hebrew Christians was held at Room No. 24, Cooper Institute, this
evening, for the purpose of presenting the claims of the Messiah to their
inquiring brethren.[Editor’s Note – this is a 19th century version
of the Jews for Jesus]
1870: In New
York City, Rebecca Washington (née Nathan) and Albert Jacob Cardozo, members of
a distinguished Sephardic family whose “ancestor had immigrated to the British
colonies from London before the American Revolution gave birth Columbia trained
attorney and jurist Benjamin Nathan Cardozo, the second Jew to serve on the
Supreme Court, an appointment he owed to a Republican from Iowa, Herbert Hoover
and whose nomination “sailed’ through the confirmation process that greeted the
nomination of Justice Brandeis.
A house at No. 215 West Seventeenth in Manhattan was dedicated today as a Home
for Aged and Infirm Hebrews. It is the first such institution in New York
State. The home is for those over the
age of 60 who, for reasons beyond their control, are not able to receive care
and treatment anywhere else. When the Home opened, it cared for only three
people. (By 1876 that number would grow to 57)/
Birthdate of James A. Samuel, the native of London who served as a member of
the Council of the United Synagogue and of the Board of Management of the East
London Synagogue and the Secretary of East London Orphan Aid Society.
Adolph Marix, the native of Germany who
joined the Navy while living in Iowa and who would serve as “Secretary to the
Board of Inquiry” that investigated the blowing up the battleship Maines, was
promoted to the rank of Lieutenant today.
of Iyar, 5663): Parashat Behar-Bechukotai
of Iyar, 5663): Fifty-five year old American actor James William Wallack, the London
born son “actor-manager Henry John Wallack and Fanny Jones” passed away today
in South Carolina
In Omaha, Nebraska, “Edward and Leah (Colman) Rosewater gave birth to Cornell
educated newspaper executive Charles Colman Rosewater, the husband of Julia
Alice Warner, who began his career as the business manager of the Omaha Bee before moving on to the Los Angeles Express, the Los Angeles Times, the Kansas City Journal and the Seattle Post Intelligencer before
finally serving as the director of publications for Success Magazine in New York.
In Salisbury, Simon Ulman, the Pennsylvania born son of Sarah and Joseph Ullman
and his wife Caroline Ulman gave birth to Hannah Ulman
Delegates from fifteen congregations representing New York, Chicago,
Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Baltimore and Brooklyn met in New York today to plan
for the establishment of Jewish theological seminary or college. Mr. Lewis May was chosen to preside over the
group and M.S. Isaacs served as secretary.
Mr. May informed the group that Temple Emanuel had already voted to
spend $2,000 a year to support any Jewish school that was established as a result
of these meetings.
Today, at the sixth session of Presbyterian General Conference being held in
Brooklyn, the delegates adopted the recommendation that the “mission to English
speaking Jews” should be discontinued. This unique action came amidst a flurry
of other motions to continue or expand missionary efforts a wide group of
people including Native Americans and citizens of China.
Rabbi Rubin officiated at the wedding of Kaufman Marks to Miss Jennie Baum of
Charleston, SC at the Synagogue on St. Philip Street.
Rabbi David Levy of Charleston, SC, officiated at the wedding of Robert
Caccavajo to Lena Levy in Kingstree, SC, the hometown of both the bride and
In Philadelphia, Jacob da Silva and Miriam (Binswanger) Solis-Cohen gave birth
to University of Pennsylvania trained physician Myer Solis-Cohen the husband of
Lotta Teschner and a Major in the Medical Reserve Corps of the United States
Army who served in France, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania
Medical College and the Woman’s College of Pennsylvania, an author of more than
sixty medical journals who was a member of Mikve Israel and Temple Beth-El in
In Patterson, NJ, Judge Barkalow heard further testimony regarding an
application for the annulment of the marriage of Moses Tanneholz and Rachel
Blumenthal. Tanneholz is a cigar dealer
living in Patterson. Miss Blumenthal,
who is seeking the annulment, is the eighteen year old daughter of well to-do
resident of Montreal, Canada. Blumenthal
claims that she had not wanted to marry Tanneholz; that she thought the
marriage ceremony was only a betrothal ceremony; and that she was only 17 at
the time of the “marriage” which meant that she was under-age according to New
Jersey Law. Furthermore, she had gone to New York right after the ceremony and
the couple had never consummated the marriage.
The Justice who performed the ceremony testified today that the bridge
seemed to be fully cognizant of the fact that it was a marriage ceremony. The matter of her age only became important
when he had been told after the ceremony that this was a “runaway marriage” and
he told the groom that he would need affidavit signed by the bride saying that
she was at least 18 years of age.
Because of the prominence of the families involved, this case has generated
interested among the Jewish communities in the both New Jersey and Montreal.
The curtain came down on the final performance of “The Sorcerer” in which Giulia Warwick (born Julia Ehrenberg) had been performing
“in the leading soprano role of Aline”
1880: Felix Adler married his “helpmate” Helen Goldmark Adler,
“book An Outline for Child Study, Intelligently Directed Observation for
Mothers was one of the first manuals of its kind” and who was the mother of
Waldo, Laurence, Eleanor and Margaret Adler
1882(6th of Sivan, 5642): Shavuot
1882: A Pogrom began in Rostov, Russia
1884: Birthdate of Martha Schallek Wallenstein, the wife of Joseph
1886: Birthdate of Upper Silesia native and multiply married art
collector Hugo Perls who came to the United States in 1941, worked at the Perls
Gallery founded by his Klaus and devoted himself to writing about philosophy
1887: This evening “Adolf Raffmann of Charleston, SC, married
“Pauline Ritzwoller, of Peoria, Illinois” in the residence of her parents.
1888: Today, Felix J. Dreyfus introduced a “bill which called for
the creation of a Police Board for the City of New Orleans” part of a movement
to reform the Crescent City’s Police Department which earned him “the
unofficial title of Father of the Policemen of New Orleans.”
1890: The summaries of affidavits from two of the daughters of
Mary Frohman – Lena Frohman Vollman and Bertha Frohman – and the family
physician Thomas Courtney were published today which purport to show that “Mrs.
Frohman is insane” and should be prevented from disposing of her late husband’s
estate and returning to Germany.
1891: In Coquimbo, Chile, American Methodist missionaries Cornish
and Wilbur Finley Albright gave birth archeologist and Bible scholar William F
Albright, a graduate of Upper Iowa University whose archeological studies or
the studies of those whom he inspired are the source of much about what we know
about the history of ancient Israel
1891: In New Haven, CT, “Benjamin and Bessie (Mendoza)
Bretzfielder” gave birth to the Philadelphia College of Osteopathy and Columbia
University physician Karl Benjamin Bretzfelder the husband of Amelia Kafka who
was a commissioned officer in the U.S. Army’s Medical Corps, a surgeon for the
New Have Police Department and physician for both the Jewish Home for the Aged
and the Jewish Orphans while serving as an active member of the Horeb Lodge of
B’nai Brith and Congregation Mishkan Israel.
The Jaffa–Ramla section of the Jaffa-Jerusalem was
fully opened for use today.
1891: It was reported that Joseph Roth was responsible for
preventing a major fire at a tenement house on Ludlow Street. Roth discovered a bundle of smoldering rags
under the staircase which he stomped on to keep them from breaking into flames,
thus saving the building that is home to 18 Jewish families including Max Rudolf, a tailor who lived in
the building with his family.
1892(27th of Iyar, 5652): This morning in Budapest a
wealthy Jewish land owner named Karsay was mortally wounded in a duel.
1892: “A special train left Long Island City carrying over 100
people left Long Island City bound for Rockaway Park where they would attend
the formal opening of the new sanitarium that has been built for Jewish
1892: It was reported today that Reverend Johnson of Sweden
expressed his opposition to a resolution adopted by a conference of Methodist
ministers that called upon the Czar to end the persecution of the Jews in
Russia. He contended that the resolution
would “tend to aggravate the Russian Government against the Methodist Church”
and jeopardize the Methodist missions in that country.
1894: “For the third time in the last two days Register Ferdinand
Levy” today “secured a summons from Justice Feltner of the Yorkville Police
Court for Florian Sicher…who is charged with annoying respectable people of all
nationalities and especially Hebrews” as can be seen from the signs in his
sausage store in which he advertises “Anti-Semitic Sausages” “Do Not Buy From the Jews” and “No Sale Made
1894: Moses and Julia Levy, who used to own a millinery store on
Broadway are being held in the Tombs Police Court having been charged with
“secreting goods with intent to defraud.”
1894: “Theodore Seligman, an executor and trustee under the will
of his father, Jesse Seligman filed a petition with the Surrogate’s Court” that
was one of the preliminary actions necessary to presenting the will for
1894: It was reported that the American Conference of Hebrew and
Christian Workers for Israel has formed a committee “to discuss the proper
methods of teaching Christianity to the Jews.”
1895: Birthdate of Marcel Janco “a Romanian-born Israeli painter
and architect” who was “one of the founders of the Dada movement.”
1895: A written request for a meeting from Theodor Herzl is received
by French railroad tycoon and philanthropist Baron Moritz de Hirsch.
1895: A Jew named Samuel Samuelson who lives with his wife and
family in Miles Alley was shot this afternoon by an unknown assailant.
In New York, “Meier Neuhaus, was an immigrant from Vitebsk, Belarus; and Rose
(née Arenfeldt), from Austria-Hungary” gave birth to “the eldest of their eight
children,” Solomon Isadore Neuhaus who gained fame as Samuel Irving Newhouse,
American publisher and philanthropist whose
publications included Parade
Magazine, Vogue and Glamour.
The New York Times describes the
various provisions of the last will and testament of the late Baron
Hirsch. The big winner is his wife who
is named as “universal heiress.” In one
sense, the biggest loser is the Jewish Colonization Association which would
have come into possession of the inheritance had the Baroness predeceased the
Colonel Nicolas Jean Robert Conrad Auguste Sandherr the first person to accuse
Dreyfus of treason passed away.
After a motion to impeach Count Casimir who had clashed with anti-Semitic
parties in the Austrian parliament had been introduced, a riot triggered by the
opposition broke out causing “a suspension of the session to avoid a
repetition” of this violence.
Birthdate of Ovid, MI and Detroit College of Law trained attorney who
represented “James Crouch, alias Diamond Jim Crouch’ when the latter appealed
his conviction of having altered Federal Reserve notes with intent to
It was reported today that an insurance agent named Martin Beir has been
elected Governor for the New York State chapter of B’nai B’rith
Privates Julius T. Lansberg and Ike Lobisky were among the members of the 4th
Virginia Volunteer Infantry who were mustered into U.S. Service.
During the Spanish American War, in Boston, Maurice M. Goldstein enlisted today
and began serving with Battery C, 2nd U.S. Artillery.
Birthdate of Warsaw native Louis Isenberg who in 1912 came to Canada, joined
the Jewish Legon in May of 1918 “and served in Palestine with 38th
Royal Fusiliers” before being demobilized in 1919 and returning to Canada.
Herman Lichtner, a Hungarian tailor who has lived in the United States for the
last 15 years set sail on the White Star Liner Cymric with his daughter as they
made their way back to Europe.
of Sivan, 5661): Shavuot
Seventy-seven year old Charlotte May Yonge the author of The Patriots of
Palestine, a tale of the Maccabees passed away today.
of Iyar, 5662): Parashat Behar
Birthdate of New York native and Columbia educated Dr. Michael Alper who was
ordained by the Jewish Institute of Religion and served as “a director of
Jewish Education of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum” while editing several Jewish
magazines and authoring “several textbooks” passed away today.
It was reported today that sixteen Jews including Sarah Goldstein has each been
fined three dollars for their part in demonstrations in front of kosher butcher
shops in Boston.
A copy of the memorandum adopted by the American Baptist Missionary Union in
Buffalo, NY, condemning the massacre of the Jews at Kishinev was published today
being with the opening declaration, “The recent massacre of Jews in Russia
calls for our sympathy, our prayers and our protests.”
of Sivan, 5664): Eighty year old Kalonymus Wissotzky, “the largest tea
manufacturer in Russia, noted philanthropist and leading member of Choveve
Zion” passed away today in Moscow.
of Sivan, 5664): Myer S. Isaacs, for years President of the Baron de Hirsch Fund
and leader in many other charitable and philanthropic movements of the Jewish
people, died in the Equitable Building, 120 Broadway, this afternoon from heart
disease, a condition that had afflicted him for an extended period of time. Born in 1841 at New York City, he was the
oldest son of Rabbi Samuel M. Isaacs. He
graduated from University of the City of New York in 1859 and graduated from
its law school in 1862. He passed the
bar exam on May 8, 1862. His successful business and legal career included
serving as vice President of the Real Estate Exchange (1867), serving as
Justice of the Marine Court (1880), Justice of the Superior Court (1891) and
State Supreme Court Justice (1895). He was active in Jewish affairs. In 1857, he and his father founded the Jewish
Messenger. He served as President of the Board of Delegates of American
Israelites and the Hebrews Free School Association. He also played a key role in establishing the
United Hebrew Charities, the Montefiore Home, the Hebrew Technical Institution
and the Hebrew Orphan Asylum. He was preceded in death by his wife the former
Marie Solomon and is survived by 6 children including I.S. Isaacs and Louis
Sixteen year old Herman Maltz, the future owner of a furniture store in Los
Angeles arrived at Ellis Island.
“Bill To Protect Jews In Hotels” described legislation that has been introduced
by New York State Martin Saxe to see to it that nobody is banned from a hotel
because of their religion as happened to Mrs. Berth Rayner-Frank of
Baltimore. She and her nieces were
turned away from a hotel in Atlantic City because they were Jewish. Legislators in the Empire State who were
unmoved by what happened to the Seligman family at Saratoga Springs in the
1870’s now want to take action.
In London, Cantor “Bernard and Janie (Spector) Schacthel gave birth to
University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College graduate Hyman Judah
Schachtel who began his rabbinic career at New York’s West End Synagogue before
beginning more than three decades of service at Houston’s Congregation Beth
Israel which included delivering the inaugural prayer for LBJ in 1965 while
raising two children with his wife Barbara.
The New York Public Library opened. Abraham Solomon Freidus was the first head
of the library’s Jewish Division.
Today, Titanic survivor Miriam Kantor, the widow of Sinai Kantor, who died when
the ship went down “received her husband’s clothing, Russian passport,
notebook, telescope, corkscrew, “silver watch and strap,” and Russian, German
and English currency.”
1912: Montefiore G. Kahn's
mother publicly addresses her concern that the reports her son have given to
the American Immigration and Distribution League are not accurate. She fears that her son misspoke himself or
In Russia, the peasants in the villages of “Zasela and Kherson” “unanimously
decided to ask the authorities to declare” their place “a townlet” so that the
Jews can settle there.”
In Russia, the “Minister of the Interior and Chief Procurator of the Holy
Synod” expressed “sympathy with the demands of a deputation of anti-Jewish
agitators from the South of Russia for new measures of ‘protection’ against the
of Sivan, 5672): Less than a month before his 56th birthday, Sir
Edward Albert Sassoon, the eldest surviving son of Sir Albert Sassoon, who was
a successful British businessman and political leader passed away today.
A murder indictment was returned against Leon Frank by a grand jury in the
death of Mary Phagan.
As the police continue to look for the person who had strangled Mary Phagan,
Jim Conley, the pencil factory's janitor, who was a suspect in the case,
continued to give conflicting testimony as to what had happened. By now, he was
attempting to implicate Leo Frank in the murder
In Posen, “Dr. Alfred Peiser, a German Jewish surgeon and Rose Lissman, an
Austrian Jewish stage actress gave birth to Lili Marie Peiser who gained fame
as award winning actress Lilli Palmer.
In Budapest, Kornél Tábori, who would die at Auschwitz in 1944 and Elsa Tábori
gave birth to György Tábori, who gained fame as George Tabori the playwright
and director who would flee to England in 1936 where he would continue a career
that included Alfred Hitchcock’s “I Confess” and the 1955 BFTA award winning
“The Young Lovers.”
of Sivan, 5675): Seventy-one year old Rebecca Henriques Valinetine, the native
of Middlesex and wife of David Moss passed away today.
Birthdate of Brooklyn native Joel Edward Saltzman the “vice president and
director of Twayne Publishers who attended NYU and Columbia and was the husband
of Hilda Kluger Saltzman with whom he had two children – Roslyn and Lawrence.
The body of Charles Frohman, who had died when the Lusitania was torpedoed,
“arrived back in New York City” today in flower covered coffin.
“Calls Frank Victim of Cry Against Jews” published today provides a summary of
Dr. Madison C. Peters, a Baptist minister, views on the Leo Frank case
including his belief that “The American believes in a square deal, a fair trial
should be given to Frank. To commute his
sentence only adds to the outrage. Nothing less than a fair trial is just. What
has happened to Frank may happen equally as well to any citizen of the Republic. If you believe that Frank has not gotten a
fair deal, say so.” (Editor’s note – Peters was an unusual figure when you
consider that among the many books he wrote you would find Justice to the
Jew and The Jew as a Patriot.)
It was reported today that “the jurors who found Leo Frank guilty will meet
this week to decide whether to ask the Prison Commission to commute the death
sentence to life imprisonment.
“A resolution appealing for” the commutation of Leo Frank’s death sentence is
scheduled to “be submitted to the Governor” by a “body of ministers” who
include Dr. John E. White, pastor of the Second Baptist Church and Reverend
C.B. Wilmer of St. Luke’s Episcopal Church in Atlanta.
The list of the newly elected officers of the American branch of the Alliance
Israelite Universelle published today included Justice Leon Sanders, President
and Major Kaufman Mandel, U.S.A. (ret) Treasurer.
In remarks published today Justice Leon Sanders “said the Jews in the eastern
theatre of the European War were the worst sufferers and express the hope that
when the time came for peace treaties provision would be made for the
advancement of the Zionist movement for a home for Jews in Palestine.”
Louis H. Levin, Superintendent of the Federation of Jewish Charities in
Baltimore, MD, who went to Palestine aboard the Vulcan which was carrying
$100,000 in relief funds from the United States via Alexandria to Jaffa is now
in charge of the relief work in Palestine.
At Atlantic City, NJ, “Resolutions lauding President Wilson for his stand in
relation to the Lusitania disaster were adopted and telegraphed to Washington
today at the convention of the United States Grand Lodge of the Independent
Order of Sons Israel” which stated “that the President in his note to Germany had
expressed the sentiments of every loyal member of the Jewish race in America…”
Over 4,000 letters asking for clemency for Leo M. Frank were received by
Governor Slaton today including epistles from Senator Lawrence Y. Sherman of
Illinois, Governor James E. Ferguson of Texas, Judge Glendy B. Arnold of the
Circuit Court of St. Louis and Judge Ben B. Lindsey of the Juvenile Court in
A resolution adopted by the Alliance Israelite Universelle in New York
protesting” in the name of the Jews of the United States against the execution
of Leo Frank” based on the belief “that the Frank verdict was the result of
race prejudice” was reportedly being sent to the Governor of Georgia.
Birthdate of opera singer Rena Galibova the daughter of Bukharan Jewish parents
“who was named the People’s Artist of Tajikistan.
In Chicago, today is scheduled to be “known as Frank Day” since hundreds of
women “will be stationed on street corners and at other public places” seeking
signatures for the petition calling for clemency for Leo Frank.
Today, on the day “known as Frank Day” approximately 400 members of fifty
women’s organizations are scheduled to canvass the streets of Chicago seeking
signatures on petitions asking for clemency for Leo Frank.
“Dr. J.L. Manges, the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Kehillah said”
tonight “ that further complains of Jews, who had conclusive proof to offer
that they had been prevented from joining the National Guard because” they were
Jewish “would be investigated if presented at the offices of Kehillah” on
Over 500 young men and women attended a meeting at Temple Emanu-El to hear
speakers including Dr. J.L. Magnes talk about the work of the Kehillah.
It was reported today that Isidore Heshfield, the lawyer who has been working
for the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society distributing aid to Jews in
war-torn Europe, was the guest of honor at banquet at the home of Mrs. Sarah
Spurney which was a celebration of his return to the United States.
The Turkish minister at The Hague, Netherlands, issued a statement regarding
deportation of the Jews in Palestine and denied reports that they were being
David Lindo Alexander and Claude Montefiore, president of the Anglo-Jewish
Association signed a letter published in today’s Times of London which declared "grave objections" to two claims in the
"published statements of the Zionist leaders": "The first is a
claim that the Jewish settlements in Palestine shall be recognized as
possessing a national character in the political sense... the second... is the
proposal to invest the Jewish settlers in Palestine with certain special rights
in excess of those enjoyed by the rest of the population".
Funeral services are scheduled to be held this morning for Amalie Freudenberg,
the wife of Charles A. Freudenberg at a chapel on 4649 Prairie Avenue in
Following a funeral service, Sol Bloom, the husband of Carrie Hartz Bloom is
scheduled to be interred at the Waldheim Cemetery in Chicago.
Funeral services for Julia Frieler Stein, the wife of Bernhard Stein, are
scheduled to be held today at the Zion Temple on the corner of Washington
Boulevard and Ogden Avenue.
1917: The Times of London published an
anti-Zionist manifesto issued by the Conjoint Foreign Committee of British
Jews. Lucien Wolf, historian, author and advocate for Jewish rights was a
leading member of the Conjoint Foreign Committee of British Jews. He had
already written to James de Rothschild, arguing against Zionism which he
believes sees "Jews as aliens in foreign lands" thus making it
similar to anti-Semitism in insisting that Jews will never be integrated into
other cultures. David Lindo Alexander and Claude Montefiore, the president of
the Anglo Jewish Association were co-signatories of this document.
Birthdate of sculptor Milton Elting Hebald.
Four days after he passed away, Barney Barret was buried today at the Plashet
Jewish Cemetery in London.
As of today, the news officers “of the American branch of the Alliance
Israelite Universelle” were Leon Sanders, President, who “said Jews in the
eastern theatre of the European war were the worst suffers” and Major Kaufman
Birthdate of Samuel M. Rubin who was known as "Sam the Popcorn Man"
for making popcorn almost as popular in New York City movie theaters as jokes
and kisses. (As reported by Douglas Martin)
In Ellenville, NY, Samuel and Sarah Leventhal gave birth to music manager and
song plugger Harold Leventhal. (As reported by Margalit Fox)
“Jewish Post-Biblical History Through Great Personalities” published today
provided a review Jewish Post Biblical History by Adele Bildersee, “an
experienced teacher in the New York High Schools who has been in charge of the
Religious School of Temple Beth EL” which covers the period from Joachanan ben
Zakkai to Moses Mendelsohn
1920(7th of Sivan, 5680): Yizkor is
recited on the Second Day of Shavuot for the last time during the Presidency of
1920(7th of Sivan, 5680): Fifty-two year
old Abraham Adelberg passed away today after which he was buried in Flushing at
the Mount Hebron Cemetery.
Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti began.
Harvard law professor and future Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter
would play an active role in what would ultimately be their futile defense.
Birthdate of Stanley H. Biber, the Des Moines, Iowa, native and graduate of the
U of I Medical School who became the
internationally renowned dean of
sex-change surgery. (As reported by Margalit Fox)
In New York City, Albert Israel Becker
and Miriam Rosner Becker gave birth to “David V. Becker, a pioneer in using
radioactive materials to diagnose and treat thyroid disease and an expert on
the thyroid damage caused by the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident in
1986.” He passed away in 2010 at the age
A law was put into force in Salonica demanding Sunday as a day of rest. The
Jewish community formally disputed this, and in the end the Council of the
Jewish Community at Salonica resigned to the governor general of Salonica.
“The United Jewish Campaign to raised six million dollars in Greater New York
for the relief of the Jews in Eastern Europe ended” today “with a rally in the
In Religion Section entitled “Jew and Jew”, published today Time
Magazine describes the philanthropic activities of some of the America’s
leading civic and business leaders.
wars with Greek; Jew helps Jew ..." a procurator wrote to his Emperor,
Trajan. He was not the first to observe what he expressed so pithily: the
racial loyalty of the Jewish people, a loyalty that has kept them together,
like a colossal freemasonry, while other nations light the world for a while,
then crumble down. For some weeks past the Jews in various U.S. cities,
animated by this tradition, have been working to raise money for the relief of
the Jews in Eastern Europe. Felix Warburg, Louis Marshall, William Fox and
other rich Jews are on the committee which, with headquarters in Biltmore
Hotel, Manhattan, has sent its representatives and its publicity up and down
the country — the most intense activity being in Greater New York. "There
is one hope for the Jews in Eastern Europe," great posters state;
"that hope is in the drive for fifteen million dollars. . . ."
Speakers have outlined the purposes, the causes of the campaign: "Women
and children are dropping dead of hunger on the streets in Bessarabia. Many
others are found dead in their homes in Poland. A horrible scourge of typhus is
sweeping over the Jews in both lands. . . Children eat what they can find in
garbage cans . . . sleep in alleys, in cellars. . . . Hundreds are killing
themselves . . . the Jews of America must respond. . . ." To emphasize
this appeal, posters in streetcars, on the pillars of subway stations, the
billboards of vacant lots, present the picture of a woman in a shawl. Her chin
is pressed to the pivot of her wrist; her eyes are smeared with black. She
might be any age, this sad, sharpened Jewess; the thing that has pointed her
bones and thinned her flesh is not age but weariness; she is the incarnation of
the most desolate of physical woes, fatigue. "Are You Tired of
Giving?" asks the caption. "You Don't Know What It Is to Be Tired. .
. ." Money came in fast. Felix Warburg gave $400,000, Herbert Lehman, Mrs.
S. W. Straus, Mortimer Schiff gave $50,000 each; Louis Marshall, William Fox,
Benjamin Winter made big contributions, and a disabled veteran sent $28
(government allowance for war wounds). Advertisers, art-goods makers,
bag-makers, bankers, butter, egg, and dairy firms; chain stores, crockery
companies, cloak and suit houses; the dental, the funeral, the grocery, the
hosiery, the laundry, millinery, musical and neckwear trades; opticians,
pawnbrokers, petticoat cutters, physicians, rubber-goods makers, rabbis,
underwear and umbrella manufacturers — all were appraised for definite amounts,
all came near to filling their quotas. Adolph S. Ochs, genius of the New York
Times, by many revered as the greatest U. S. newspaper proprietor and the
greatest U. S. Jew, swung into the campaign handsomely. His paper advocated the
fund far more than any other Manhattan journal, exhorted, reported extensively,
published stimulating daily lists of contributors. Nor were Jews the only
people to help Jews. Onetime Ambassador James Gerard spoke at a meeting, and a
bellboy contributed $5 that he had won on a baseball game. Senator James W.
Wadsworth composed a plea, Governor Alfred Smith of New York sent a check by
messenger, a Negro elevator man gave two dollars, and Thomas Burke, editor of
the official organ of the Irish Temperance Society, wrote "I'm an Irishman
. . . but I've advised my race to imitate the good qualities of yours."
Meanwhile, reflective Jews and Gentiles asked: "What is the matter with
the Jews in Eastern Europe? Are they any worse off than the Christians there?
Do they really need 15 million dollars?" They do need their $15,000,000
and untold millions more.* Indeed, when the leaders of the Fund Campaign and of
the cooperating organizations† realized that the sum fixed would be
oversubscribed in the two weeks allotted (April 25 -May 9), they raised the
goal to $25,000,000 and extended the formal collection period another week,
well knowing that the donation momentum would continue. The whole country and
Canada besides have contributed — not only the cities of close Jewish
concentration — New York City, Boston, Cleveland, Chicago, Baltimore,
Philadelphia — but also the hamlets where a stray Jewish family persists in
traditional pioneering. The whole $25,000,000 more than the original goal was
not reached, yet was approximated. There will be no cessation of ingathering or
of giving. Fertile lands, of high Jewish concentration appropriated after the
War from Tsarist Russia by Romania. In the past $60,000,000 have been donated
and spent for East European Jews.
of Sivan, 5688): Erev Shavuot
The resumption of State Attorney General Albert Ottinger's investigation into
the conduct of certain Jewish cemeteries brought out testimony in support of
charges that the Baron Hirsch Cemetery of Port Richmond, S.I. charged unjust
fees, barred cars from the burial ground forcing mourners to walk to gravesites
and fees for grass cutting had been raised from fifty cents to two dollars a
In the Bronx, “Frank Solomon, a textile manufacturer” and his wife, “the former
Dora Sado” gave birth to Leonard Burke Solomon who changed his last name to
Sand and as Leonard B. Sand, became a leading federal jurist
of Iyar, 5689): Pesach Sheni
The Marx Brothers made cinematic history with the opening of their first film,
Leo Adler, the son of “Baer and Fannie Adler” and his wife Bella (Worms) Adler
gave birth to Gunther Adler.
of Iyar, 5692): Lag B’Omer
In London, Leah and Joseph Wesker gave birth to British dramatist Sir Arnold
Wesker. Dr. Samuel Sacks, the father of Oliver Sacks delivered the youngster.
In Chattanooga, TN, shopkeeper Louis Diamond and his wife, the former Esther
Deich gave birth to Henry Louis Diamond, the lawyer turned conversation
of Iyar, 5693): Dr. Alfred Strauss was murdered at Dachau today.
Birthdate of Aharon Lichtenstein the Paris born American Orthodox rabbi and
In Omaha, Nebraska, “Doris (Shoshone) and Maurice David Micklin gave birth
Sarah Lawrence College graduate Joan Micklin who became Joan MIcklin Silver
when she married Raphael D. Silver, the son of Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver and
under which name she gained fame as an award winning movie director whose films
included the marvel “Crossing Delancy” while raising three daughters --- Dina,
Marisa (a director) and Claudia (a producer)
At Lansing, Michigan, Captain Ira. H. Marmon, head of the Michigan State Police
ordered “a state-wide man hunt to arrest every ranking officer of the Black
Legion, the night riding terror gang” which has “decreed that each member
should fight for white Protestants and bear arms against Jews, Communist,
Catholics and Negroes.”
Rabbi B. Benedict Glazer and Religious School Committee Chairman Frank L. Weil
presided over the closing exercises of the Temple Emanu-El Religious School
where “Marjorie Frankenthal, daughter of Supreme Court Justice and Mrs. Alfred
Frankenthaler, who received the Lewis May Medal for scholarship” “delivered the
closing words” in which she “pointed out that her classmates would have to face
In “Britain Will Protect Her Hold in Near East” published today Harold
Callender attributed the violence in Palestine to “the effendi or land-owning
class – many of who have sold their land to the Jews – who are most active in
stirring up discontent among the Arabs and making propaganda against the Jews
of whose success they are bitterly jealous. Moslem intolerance toward
non-Moslems combines with antagonism to new ideas and customs in creating
Arabian hatred of both the Jews and the British in Palestine.”
Samuel Blitz, the Executive Director of the United Palestine appeal “reported
that of the $1,208, 145.66 already raised of the national quota of $3,500,000,
$490,247 was contributed by New York City.
A contribution of $3,500 to the United Palestine Appeal by Governor Lehman was
Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes is scheduled to be the guest of honor at
a dinner in the Hotel Astor that is part of the New York chapter of the United
Palestine Appeal’s effort to raise funds “for the settlement in Palestine of
persecuted Jews of Germany, Poland” and other European countries.
An “Institute of Bible Study” “which will be attended by a large proportion of
the more than forty educators, theologians and Orientalists who are members
of the Semi-Centennial Committee of the
Jewish Theological Seminary of America” is scheduled to begin today.
“Three million Jews in Poland went on strike for two hours today to protest
against the latest serious out-break of anti-Semitic violence…in which 1,200
shops and were wrecked and looted.” (Editor’s note – the attempt to of the
Polish government to distance itself from the Holocaust is belied by these
stories of violent anti-Semitism during the 1930’s.)
Robert Hollitscher, the son-in-law of Sigmund Freud, and his daughter Mathilde
left Vienna for London.
In Haifa, 3 Arabs were killed during a gunfight with members of the Irgun.
of Sivan, 5699): Shavuot
of Sivan, 5699): Fifty-eight year old Barney Pelter a pitcher with the St.
Louis Browns (now the Baltimore Orioles) and Washington Senators (now the
Minnesota Twins) who earned the nickname “The Yiddish Curver” when in 1906 his
record of 16 and 11 was coupled with an ERA (Earned Run Average) of 1.59 passed
After reading about Churchill’s speech opposing the White Paper, Nathan Laski
wrote to him from Manchester: “May I congratulate you upon the great and
statesmanlike speech you made on the Palestine questions last night. I think it is not exaggerating to say that
you will get the blessings of millions of Jews all over the world.”
Today FDR met with Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, JR at eleven o’clock at
the White House.
Birthdate of the Russian born, American poet Joseph Brodsky who won the Nobel
Prize for Literature in 1987 and was U.S. Poet Laureate in 1991.
Birthdate of Bob Dylan. Born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth MN, Dylan has
enjoyed a successful career as a singer and songwriter while bouncing
back and forth between Judaism and other religions.
1941: U.S. premiere of “Crook’s Tour” featuring
the Burmese-Jew Abraham Sofaer as “Ali.”
Birthdate of Aron "Ali" Bacher, the native of Johannesburg who “is an
administrator of the United Cricket Board of South Africa. He was born to
Lithuanian-Jewish parents who emigrated to South Africa and got his nickname
"Ali" at the age of seven from Ali Baba. Ali married Shira Teeger,
and they have two daughters and one son. His nephew Adam Bacher played for
South Africa in the 1990s. Ali started playing cricket while at school and
represented Transvaal at the age of 17. He played in 12 Tests for South Africa,
three against England and nine against Australia; he was captain in the last
four. In a first-class match for Transvaal against the visiting Australian
cricket team in 1966/67, he made a high score of 235 in the second innings. He
captained the national team in only one series: in 1969/70 against Australia at
home in which the South Africans won all the Tests in the four match series. He
studied at the University of the Witwatersrand and became a general
practitioner. In 1981 he had heart bypass surgery.”
1943: Birthdate of British conductor James Levine
While training at an Army boot camp in South Carolina, future Mayor Ed Koch
wrote in his diary “Had an argument with several of the boys over anti-Negro
prejudice, this led to arguments over Jews and the usual line. It’s a pity that
there are so few liberals in the land and so many ignorant people.”Read more:
Dr. Josef Mengele arrived at Auschwitz shortly after celebrating his
thirty-second birthday. He began conducting horrific medical experiments on the
Jews. Aside from his ‘experiments' he would also personally inject his victims
with phenol, gasoline, chloroform or air. With a wave of his hand, Mengele
dispatched the old, injured, crippled, children, and pregnant women to their
death in the gas chambers because they were not fit for work.
A Jewish partisan group organized by Judith Nowogrodzka escapes from the
Bialystok (Poland) Ghetto. The escape is led by Szymon Datner.
The Period known as Black May, which marked the climatic month in the Battle of
the Atlantic, Admiral Karl Donitz, ordered “a temporary halt to the U-Boat
campaign” which meant that the Allies could now send increasing amounts of men
and supplies that would be critical to the success of the Normandy invasion a
year, an event that was a milestone on the road to saving at least a remnant of
Violette Szabo who was in reality an agent for Special Operations Executive
(Britain’s fabled SOE) who would eventually be murdered at Ravensbruck was
promoted to Ensign in the FANY (The First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (Princess
Royal's Volunteer Corps) which had to be one of the more bizarre cover stories
in the history of spycraft.
of Sivan, 5770): At Auschwitz, Hungarian Jews being led to the gas
chamber scatter but are shot down by the SS
The deportations from Hungary to Birkenau are now averaging 13,000 Jews per
According to figures released by the Jewish Agency, of the 1,500,000 Jews who
appear to have survived in Europe 30,000 are in Rumania, 175,000 “in Budapest
and elsewhere in Hungary,” 170,000 in France and “250,000 Polish-Jewish
refugees inside Russia.”
The Arab Higher Committee under the chairmanship of Jamal el Husseini today
rejected “the recommendations of the Anglo-American Committee on Inquiry” and
“demanded the establishment of an ‘Arab Independent State of Palestine,’ the
withdrawal of all foreign troops and an immediate end of Jewish immigration.” (Editor’s note - And where is the part of the
Jewish underground fighters, believed to be Stern Gang members, raided two
bridge clubs in the all-Jewish city of Tel Aviv early today and escaped with
$3,200 in cash from one of them.
The British loaded 1,457 Jewish refugees onto a ship that would take them to
detention camps on Cyprus. According to
the British, some of the Jews used crowbars in an attempt to break down the
barbed-wire enclosures in the hold of the vessel but the Tommies were able to
subdue them with water hoses and the firing of weapons in the air. The Jews had
been caught the day before trying to enter Palestine in violation of the
South Africa recognized Israel.
The Egyptian army captured Yad Mordecai. Yad Mordecai was one of the kibbutzim
blocking the road to Tel Aviv. The Egyptian army and air force had attacked Yad
Mordecai on May 19. The Jewish force was the size of a company composed of
farmers and handful of Haganah troops.
For five days the Jews fought off the Egyptians. Before dawn, on May 24 the final Egyptian
assault began with two infantry battalions, one armored battalion and one
artillery regiment. That night, having used all of their ammunition, the defenders
snuck through the Egyptian lines carrying their wounded with them. Four hundred Egyptian soldiers lay dead. More importantly the defenders of Yad
Mordecai had bought the Israelis five precious days to strengthen their
position at Ashdod and Tel Aviv.
According to at least one expert, those five days saved Tel Aviv.
Yitzhak Rabin, commander of the Jewish forces in Jerusalem sends Ben Gurion a
desperate plea for help. While the
Israelis had been able to thwart an attack by Jordanian armored forces at the
New Gate, Rabin feared they could not beat back an additional attack. Also, the city was faced with Egyptian forces
to the south which had attacked Ramat Rahel.
1948: In the evening, the Seventh Brigade begins
its attack on the fortress at Latrun that is blocking the road from Tel Aviv to
Jerusalem. One of the first companies
into the fray was led by a sabra named Ariel Sheinermann. Sheinermann would survive the wounds he
suffered that day and as Ariel Sharon, would become one of Israel’s most daring
and controversial generals.
Ariel Sharon, the future IDF General and Prime Minister leads a platoon during
the IDF’s attempt to capture the Latrun Police Compound.
In Atlantic City, “The Rabbinical Council of America today reaffirmed its call
to American Jews to recognize the Chief Rabbinate of Israel as the central religious
authority for world Jews”
“Contributions totaling $2,500,000 were made” tonight “to the United Jewish
Appeal at a series dinners held throughout” New York City, the largest of which
was the Cotton Goods Dinner that raised $750,000.
“An authoritative source said today that Israel would pay an indemnity of
$54,000 to the family of Count Folke Bernadotte, United Nations Mediator who
was assassinated in Jerusalem in September, 1948.” Israel “was also expected to pay $3,000 to
the United Nations as a special premium on war risk insurance carried by the
Swedish mediator and other United Nations in personnel in Israel.”
Foreign Minister Moshe Sharret leaves Israel today on a “good-will” mission to
South African Jewry.
According to Health Minister Moshe Shapiro the Polio outbreak continues to
spread with 191 cases reported in May as opposed to 83 cases in April. The outbreak in Israel follows the pattern
seen in nations in Western Europe and the United States.
Sixty-seven year old Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell who “in August,
1937, was transferred to Palestine, during the Arab Revolt to be General
Officer Commanding (GOC) British Forces in Palestine and Trans-Jordan” passed
of Iyar, 5711): Lag B’Omer
of Iyar, 5711): Fifty four year old Charles Pores the son of Samuel and Celia
Pores and the husband of Adele Meltsner who was a member of the Irish American
Athletic Club which had been organized by Tammany politicians who used it as
vehicle for attracting support among Jewish immigrants.
Fanny Brice suffered a stroke which would prove fatal.
In the fight against Apartheid, Emil “Solly” Sachs addressed 15 000 people on
the steps of the Johannesburg City Hall at a meeting arranged by the Garment
Workers’ Union in defiance of the decrees issued by the Minister of Justice.
In Helsinki, Finland, Abram Zyskowicz who had survived Sachsenhausen and his
wife Ester gave birth to Ben Zyskowicz the first Jew elected to the Finnish
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion left Israel for a visit to the United States
that would include his first meeting with President John Kennedy who had
assumed office in January of 1961.
“The Inspector,” a film about “a Dutch-Jewish girl who survived Auschwitz” and
produce by Mark Robson was released today in the US and UK.
of Sivan, 5723): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
Birthdate of David I. Adelman, the New York native turned U. of Georgia Bulldog
with a law degree from Emory University whose political career included a stint
in the Georgia State Senate and service as the U.S. Ambassador to Singapore.
of Iyar, 5725): Seventy-eight year old Fannie Eitingon, the wife of Motty
Eitingon “a New York fur dealer who had been imprisoned by the Bolsheviks and whose
connections with the Soviet Union made him the largest trader in the world but
also led to his being questioned by the FBI.
“Mame” a musical with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman and a “book” co-authored
by Jerome Lawrence premiered on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theatre.
“Belle de Jour” a French film “based on the 1928 novel Belle de jour
by Joseph Kessel was released in France today.
After 233 performances the curtain came down on the original U.S. production of
“Eh?” “which marked “the first major critical success in Dustin Hoffman’s
career, garnering him a Theatre World Award and Drama Desk Award for his
CIA Director Richard Helms reports that there are no nuclear weapons in the
eastern Mediterranean or the adjacent territory. The report was in error since the Soviets had
ships in the area armed with nuclear weapons and instruction to use them
against Israel if need be to support the Arabs.
of Sivan, 5729): Yizkor is recited on the Second Day of Shavuot for the first
time during the Presidency of Richard M. Nixon
of Iyar, 5730): Lag B’Omer
Arkadii Spilberg, Rut Alexandrovich, Mikhail Shepshelovich, Boris Maftser went
on trial in Riga.
During the “War of Attrition” Abba Eban and Yitzchak Rabin meet with Nixon and
Kissinger to discuss ways of ending the violence between Egypt and Israel.
Larry Blyden videotaped a pilot for “Showoffs,” a game show created by Mark
Goodson and Bill Todman.
of Iyar, 5736): Sixty-two year old historian Mary Plug Handlin the wife and
colleague of Professor Oscar Handlin passed away today
of Sivan, 5737): Second Day of Shavuot
Funeral services are scheduled to be held today Lawrence Schiff, the husband of
Gertrude Schiff and the father of David and Mortimer Schiff who a leader of the
Brooklyn division of the UJA, a supporter of the Metropolitan Jewish Geriatric
Center and a board member of the Jewish Hospital and Medical Center of Brooklyn
It was reported today that Ukrainian Jewish activist Kim Friedman was sentenced
to year in prison for “parasitism.” He would be released in 1982 but would have
to wait another six years before he could make Aliyah.
In “By Train Through A Sandstorm From Aswan to Cairo” David K. Shipler, the New
York Times bureau chief in Jerusalem described how Arie Kandel, an Israeli
travel agent in Egypt “saved his trip to the land of the Pharaohs.
Psychologist Carol Gilligan published In a Different Voice, the first
book to argue that women's psychological development could not be understood by
Final broadcast “Krovim Krovim” “an Israeli sitcom created by Ephraim Sidon.
In an article entitled “An English Rainbow,” Annasue McCleave Wilson portrays
the history of Exbury, the estate originally created by Lionel de Rothschild
and describes the postwar rejuvenation undertaken by Major Edmund de
Rothschild, which has turned the estate into one of the ten most visited
properties in England.
1991: Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews
to Israel. “Operation Solomon was a 1991 covert Israeli military operation to
take Ethiopian Jews to Israel. In 1991, the sitting Ethiopian government, the
Mariam regime, was close to being toppled with the recent military successes of
Eritrean and Tigrean rebels, threatening Ethiopia with dangerous political
destabilization. Several Jewish organizations, including the state of Israel
were concerned about the well-being of the sizable population of Ethiopian
Jews, properly referred to as Beta Israel, residing in Ethiopia. Also, the
Mariam regime had made mass emigration difficult for Beta Israel residing in
Ethiopia, and the regime's dwindling power presented a promising opportunity
for those Beta Israel who had been wanting to emigrate to Israel. In the
previous year, 1990, the Israeli government and Israeli Defense Forces, aware
of Mariam's worsening political situation, made covert plans to airlift the
Beta Israel population in Ethiopia to Israel. This became the largest
emigration of Beta Israel to date. In 36 hours, non-stop flights of 34 El Al
C-130s, filled to absolute capacity with seats transported 14,325 Beta Israel
émigrés from Ethiopia to Israel, where they were given food and shelter. After
it was over, Operation Solomon took twice as many Beta Israel émigrés to their
spiritual homeland as Operation Moses and Operation Joshua combined.”
During Operation Solomon a world record was set for single-flight passenger
load when an El Al 747 carried 1,122 passengers to Israel (1,087 passengers
were registered, but dozens of children hid in their mothers' robes).
"Planners expected to fill the aircraft with 760 passengers. Because the
passengers were so slight, many more were squeezed in. Two babies were born
during the flight. Operation Solomon was a 1991 covert Israeli military operation
to take Ethiopian Jews to Israel.
of Sivan, 5754): Yehuda Mor-Mirkovsky Israeli kibbutz-founder passed away at
the age of 96.
The INS Eilat, a Sa’ar 5 class
corvette was commissioned today.
of Sivan, 5756): Shavuot
Jews praying in an egalitarian minyan at the Western Wall in the early hours of
Shavuot morning were verbally and physically attacked by Orthodox men and boys,
according to participants in the prayer group. The group of about 50 men and
women, some of whom were from the Conservative and Reform movement's rabbinical
seminaries in Jerusalem, had studied throughout the night, as is customary on
Shavuot. Before dawn, they, along with thousands of other Jews, walked from
other parts of Jerusalem to the Wall. Members of the egalitarian minyan began
praying shortly after 5 a.m. in the rear right-hand corner of the plaza that
fronts the wall, near the flagpoles that stand at the back. A few guys in
tallitot stood in the front so that others could not see the women wearing tallitot
and kipot and to prevent any possible problems. As they finished the Morning
Prayer on Shavuot, the minyan swelled to about 125 people, and as they
continued by reading the Book of Ruth, most of the minyan sat down. It was at
that time that the trouble began as Haredi men soon walked up and began to
curse and shout at members of the egalitarian minyan. An Orthodox woman who had
been part of a prayer group next to the egalitarian minyan approached the
haredi men to ask them to be quiet, because they were disturbing other prayers
besides those of the mixed group. They spit on her and threw rocks at the man
The New York Times featured reviews
of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers
including Soldier of Peace: The Life of Yitzhak Rabin, 1922-1995 by Dan
Kurzman and Crossing the Jordan: Israel's Hard Road to Peace by Sameul
of Iyar, 5758): Yom Yerushalayim – Jerusalem Day
In New London, CT, an op/ed article in The
Day reminded readers of the courage of Hiram Bingham when it wrote,
“Collectively Bingham and 10 righteous diplomats from other countries
"clandestinely saved 200,000 lives from the Holocaust, by writing visas
and affidavits of eligibility for passage, and planning escapes from Europe,
circumventing their superiors' orders. There are an estimated 1 million descendants
of these survivors."
UPN broadcast the last episode of “The Sentinel” a Canadian television series
created and written by Danny Bilson.
Congressman Paul Ryan identifies Ayn Rand as one of the two authors who has the
most influence on him. The other is the
“author” of the Bible.
A joint U.S.–Israeli team which was searching for the remains of the INS Dakar
used information received from U.S. intelligence sources that led to the
detection a large body on the seabed between Crete and Cyprus, at a depth of
some 3000 meters (9800 ft). The team was led by subcontractor Thomas Kent
Dettweiler of the American Nauticos Corporation,
Israeli troops leave southern Lebanon after 18 years.
The final episode of the second season of “Felicity” created by J.J. Abrams was
“The Temptation of St. Anthony” by Jan Wellens de Cock, “the first painting
from a Dutch art collected looted by the Nazis and almost sold at auction was
returned “ today by “Christie's to Marei von Saher, the widow of the son of the
collection's owner, Jacques Goudstikker, who died escaping the Nazis.”
In Tel Aviv, a security guard at Studio 49 Disco killed a Palestinian terrorist
who “was attempting to detonate a car bomb.”
Despite his quick action, five people were seriously injured.”
of Sivan, 5762): Twenty-three year old Sergeant First Class Oren Tzelnik of Bat
Yam was killed by terrorists and two of his comrades were seriously wounded.
(Jewish Virtual Library)
of Iyar, 5763): Parashat Bechuokotai
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon said today that Israel was ''prepared to accept the
steps'' in a new international peace plan, after the Bush administration said
it would ''fully and seriously'' address Israel's reservations while seeking
Arab-Israeli peace and a Palestinian state within three years.(As reported by
''Anne Frank: A Private Photo Album'' which includes 8 original photographs, 69 copies, a
facsimile of Anne Frank's diary and reproductions of family photo albums
assembled by Otto Frank, the girls' father, and his wife, Edith is on display
at the Kraushaar Galleries, 724 Fifth Avenue, between 56th and 57th Streets in
IDF soldier Majde Halabi was reported missing. He was assumed to have been
taken hostage or killed by Arab terrorist.
Opening session of Biotech-Israel 2005
An exhibit entitled “Dear Dr. Janzow” opened at the Sydney (Australia) Jewish
Museum. “Dear Dr. Janzow is an exhibition of original letters from the Lutheran
Archives in Adelaide, curated by Dr Peter Monteath, Senior Lecturer in History
at Flinders University. In 1938 the Lutheran Churches in Australia announced they
would help European Jews escape the clutches of Nazi Germany. The announcement
appeared in the London Times November 18 edition. Such was the intensity of
their despair at that time that many Jews responded to the offer by writing to
the General President of the Australian Lutheran Synod, Dr. William Janzow.
Altogether 73 letters were received, extraordinary moving testimonies to those
The U.S. Postal Service began selling “Distinguished American Diplomats’ stamps
and first day covers today. The six diplomats honored included Hiram Bingham IV
who risked his career and his life to issue “live-saving visas” to Jews and
non-Jews fleeing Hitler’s Europe.
of Sivan, 5767): Second Day of Shavuot – Yizkor
of Sivan, 5767): Seventy-two year old U.S. Army Lt. General Sidney T. “Tom”
Weinstein” whose career earned him induction into the Military Intelligence
Hall of Fame passed away today in Great Falls, VA.
The Hekhal Haness Synagogue, the largest synagogue in Geneva was severely
damaged by a fire today. Nessim Gaon, the Sudanese born Swiss financier who
created the Noga Company, and has served as President of the World Sephardi
Federation is one of the congregation’s most prominent members.
The three day Metula Poetry Festival comes to an end.
of Sivan, 5767): Ninety-three year old Philip M. Kaiser, a retired diplomat and
high-ranking Labor Department official who served as an ambassador to four
nations passed away today.
At Cannes, first showing of “Ocean’s Thirteen” co-starring Elliot Gould and
Carl Reiner, featuring Ellen Barkin, Bob Einstein, Jerry Weintraub and Scott L.
Schwartz, with a script by Brian Koppelman and produced by Jerry Weintraub.
In Ireland, Alan Joseph Shatter began serving his second term as a member of
Bradlee Birchansky celebrates his Bar Mitzvah at Shabbat Morning Services at
Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
(5768): Finish Vayikra, Book of Leviticus
The Cedar Rapids Jewish community watches with pride as Dan Abramson takes part
in the graduation ceremonies at Kennedy High School.
of Sivan, 5769): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
Seventh season of “A Star is Born” begins on Israeli television.
The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of
special interest to Jewish readers including “One State, Two States:
Resolving the Israel/Palestine Conflict” by Benny Morris, “The
American Future: A History” by Simon Schama, “Rhyming Life and Death” by
Amos Oz; translated by Nicholas de Lange and “The Amos Oz Reader”
selected and edited y Nitza Ben-Dov; translated by Nicholas de Lange and
009: As he ended a four-day trip to Israel
today, Canada's minister of citizenship, immigration and multiculturalism
warned against a "new anti-Semitism" that emanates from an alliance
of Western leftists and Islamic extremists is more dangerous than the "old
European" form of Jew-hatred."The existential threat faced by Israel
on a daily basis is ultimately a threat to the broader Western
civilization," said Jason Kenney, explaining the staunchly pro-Israel
positions of his government, led by Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper.
"It's a threat that comes from profoundly undemocratic forces that don't
have the same conception of human dignity or freedom, and which abuse Israel as
a kind of representative of the broader West and Western liberal-democratic values,"
said Kenney. "I also very acutely understand the nature of the new
anti-Semitism, and I think it's even more dangerous than the old European
anti-Semitism."Kenney said many anti-Israel attacks come from adherents of
a form of anti-Semitism that who appear to view a Jewish homeland as
illegitimate. "Israel is not perfect, obviously," Kenney said.
"Israelis should be the first to admit that. But we acknowledge that so
much of the criticism Israel faces is motivated by a dangerous form of anti-Semitism
that tries to hide behind anti-Zionism and is represented by a coalition of the
far left in the West with extreme currents of jihadi Islam that seek the
destruction of the Jewish nation. They seem to believe that the Jewish people
are the only people in the world that don't have a right to a homeland."
The 40-year-old, who earlier this month was elected Canada's "Best Overall
MP" by fellow parliamentarians, prides himself on being responsible for
his country's decision to shun the United Nations-sponsored Durban II
conference on racism, based on fears it would be misused as a platform for
unfair criticism of Israel. Canada was the first country to announce its
boycott of the meet, even ahead of Israel. Before coming to Israel, Kenney
visited Lebanon, Syria and Egypt, as Canada is home to many immigrants from
these countries, he said. After arriving Thursday, he visited a Jewish Agency
absorption center in Mevasseret Zion, outside Jerusalem, and met with his
Israeli counterpart, Immigration Minister Sofa Landver. He also spoke to
Minority Affairs Minister Avishay Braverman and Information and Diaspora
Minister Yuli Edelstein, who is also the former chairman of the
antiparliamentary Canada-Israel Friendship Group.
2010: Fifth anniversary of Majdi Halabi, the
druse IDF soldier who disappeared while hitchhiking from his home at Daliyat
al-Karmel to the military base where he was serving on active duty.
2010: Shami Leibowitz, the grandson of
Yeshayahu Leibowitz, was sentenced to 20 months in prison today after having
“pleaded guilty…to knowingly and willfully disclosing five Secret level FBI
documents to a blogger who then published information derived from those
documents on the blog.”
2010: In New York, the YIVO is scheduled to
present a lecture entitled “Coming to America?
Max Weinreich and the Making of YIVO in New York, 1939-41.”
2010: In a case of Jew versus Jew, following
today’s after the University of Michigan dismissed the charges surrounding its
football program, journalist Jonathan Chait claimed the Michael Rosenberg’s
claims that the school “had operated a football sweatshop has been totally
2011: The AIPAC
Policy Conference is scheduled to come to a close in Washington, DC.
2011: In celebration
of Jewish-American Heritage Month, the Frequency String Quartet is scheduled to
perform a program entitled “Different Trains: Stories From the Holocaust Told
Through Music” at the National
Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati, OH.
2011: YIVO Institute
for Jewish Research is scheduled to present a lecture by Lecture Natan M. Meir,
Lorry I. Lokey Assistant Professor of Judaic Studies, Portland State University
entitled "A ‘Russian Zion,’ or a Jewish Nightmare?: Jewish Life in Tsarist Kiev.”
2011: "Jews, Slavery, and the Civil
War" a program sponsored by The Yaschik/Arnold Jewish Studies Program, The
Center for Southern Jewish History at the College of Charleston and The Jewish
Historical Society of South Carolina is scheduled to open this evening with a
screening of “Jewish Soldiers in Blue and Gray.”
Port", “a work by Romanian born artist Marcel Janco, one of the founders
of Dadaism who later in life moved here and established the Ein Hod artist
village, is the top lot in Bonhams Israeli Art & Judaica auction in London
which is scheduled to take place today.
The painting is estimated to sell for £120,000-180,000 at Bonhams. “Born
in 1895, Janco was among the principal founders of the Dada Movement which was
opposed to war, aggression and the changing world culture. Dadaist events included
poetry, avant-garde music, and mask wearing dancers in elaborate shows, but the
movement also tested cultural conventions about the role of art in society and
its apparent irreverence enraged audiences. Dada came as a direct result of
artists’ shock in view of the carnage of World War I but the movement was not
all nihilistic; Dadaist ideas evolved in the 1920s into Surrealism, arguably
one of the most influential streams in 20th century art. Janco had an eclectic
style which brilliantly combines abstract and figurative elements,
expressionist in nature. In 1941 he moved to Eretz Israel, seven years before
the establishment of the state. Here he painted idyllic watercolor and oil
images and was captivated by the exotic sights of his new surroundings. Ein Hod
was established in 1953 and the northern village now boasts the Janco Dada
Museum, dedicated to the artist’s work. In 1967 he was awarded the Israel Prize
for Painting. In the last years of his life he worked together with friends to
erect the museum, dying just ten months after its inauguration in 1984.
2011: “Jerusalem, City Center” a work painted
by Israel Hershberg in 1989-1990 is scheduled to go on sale at Bonham’s in
London. It is expected to sell for anywhere from £100,000 to £150,000. Hershberg
is an Israeli realist painter and who founded the Jerusalem Studio School. He
“was born in 1948 in a displaced persons camp in Linz, Austria. In 1949 he was
brought to Israel but at the age of nine he immigrated to the United States.
Following an extensive program of studies in the US Hershberg moved back to
Israel with his wife and family in 1984. In 1991, he was awarded the Sandberg
Prize for Israeli Art and in 1998 the Tel Aviv Museum of Art Prize for Israeli
2011(20th of Iyar, 5771):
Eighty-two year old Arthur Goldreich, a native of South Africa who was an ally
of Nelson Mandela in the fight to end apartheid, passed away today in Tel Aviv.
(As reported by Douglas Martin)
2011: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
addressed a joint session of Congress this morning.
Israeli composer Guy Barash’s musical series “Eavesdropping” is scheduled to
return to The Tank in NYC.
As his mother Debbie looked on with pride, Josh Rosenbloom graduated from
medical school today.
NYC Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly announced that man was in custody who had
implicated himself in the disappearance of Etan Patz.
Anouk Markovits, the author of I Am Forbidden, is scheduled to do a
reading at Corner Bookstore in New York.
of Sivan, 5772): Sixty-three year old Kathi Kamen Goldmark passed away today.
In London, The Wiener Library is scheduled to host a presentation by Dr. Helen
Roche entitled “Why we knew nothing about Auschwitz” in which she will explore the diverse
reactions to the trouble legacy of the Holocaust demonstrated by those who had
attended an elite Nazi school.
The IPO Patron Trip to Israel is scheduled to begin today.
In Portugal, the Lisbon Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end
Opening of “No Place On Earth” in Coral Gables, FL and Tulsa, OK
A Carlebach-inspired service honoring the Jewish Fallen Heroes of Iraq and
Afghanistan is scheduled to be held at the Sixth and I Historic Synagogue in
The landmine of the type that exploded in the Golan Heights on Tuesday, killing
Cpl. Roi Alphi, was known to be faulty and susceptible to heat, Hebrew media
reports said today.
The time has come for Israeli and Palestinian leaders to take difficult steps
in pursuit of peace, US Secretary of State John Kerry said as he spoke with
reporters in Ben-Gurion International Airport today at the end of a two-day
Zohar Hodis is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah at
Lubavitch of Iowa City under the leadership of Rabbi Avrohom Blesofsky.
Pope Francis is scheduled to begin his trip to “the holy land”
“Pope Francis sent his good wishes to President Shimon Peres and to the Israeli
people via his pilot as he flew to neighboring Jordan to kick off his regional
“pilgrimage of prayer” tour.Peres reciprocated with a message of his own,
telling the pope that Israel will receive him “with love and appreciation, as a
pope who builds bridges of peace between religions.”
Belgium stands “united” against the “abhorrent” attack today at the Brussels
Jewish Museum that killed three people and critically injured one, Belgian
Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo said hours after the shooting
2015(6th of Sivan, 5775): Shavuot
2015(6th of Sivan, 5775): Sixty-three year old
Harvard Law School Professor and Principal Deputy Counsel to President Barack
Obama Daniel Meltzer, the son of Nuremberg
prosecutor Bernard D. Meltzer and husband Ellen Semonoff passed away today.
2015: In “Art Garfunkel Lashes Out at Paul Simon in New
Interview” published today the former Columbia architecture student and AEPi
brother described his singing partner as “having a Napoleonic complex” which
prevented the two from experiencing a “re-union tour.”
2015: “The harrowing Holocaust drama “Son of Saul,”
offering unflinching depictions of the gas chambers of Auschwitz, claimed the
runner-up Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival” today.
2015: “Two Israeli teens were moderately injured after
being stabbed near Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate” early this morning.
2015: The New York
Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special
interest to Jewish readers including another Holocaust novel, The Book of Aron
by Jim Shepard and The Daemon Knows: Literary Greatness and the American
Sublime by Harold Bloom.
2016: The retrial of 55 year old man “accused of killing
Etan Patz, the 6 year old boy who vanished in 1979, will begin after Labor Day,
a judge ruled” today.
2016(16th of Iyar, 5776): Eighty-nine year old
award winning cartoonist Mell Lazarus passed away today. (As reported by Sam
2016: Marcia J. Zerivitz, founding Executive Director of
JMOF-FIU is scheduled to deliver a PowerPoint lecture on “Impact of
Jacksonville’s Jews at the Jacksonville, FL Historical Society.
2016: Prof Yuli Tamir, President of Shenkar College in
Ramat Gan is scheduled to give the opening remarks where the public will have
their last chance to see the Boi Kalah (Here Comes the Bride) exhibit at Temple
Emanu-El featuring “12 bridal gown designed by
Shenkar students, integrating the heritage of the Jewish People with
2016: “The Law Library of Congress in collaboration with
the Embassy of Italy and the University of Maryland” are scheduled to “mark the
500th anniversary of the Jewish Ghetto of Venice” today “with a
program on the history of the segregation of the Jewish community in Venice
from the surrounding society.”
2016: The Sousa Mendes Foundation and the American
Sephardi Federation are scheduled to host a screening of “With God Against Man”
that tells the story of “Aristides de Sousa Mendes, the Portuguese
Consul-General in Bordeaux, France, who courageously rescued thousands of
refugees, many of them Jews, from the Nazis in the spring of 1940 by issuing
visas in defiance of the strict orders of his government.”
2017(28th of Iyar, 5777): Yom Yerushalayim or
Jerusalem Day which takes on a special meaning this year since it marks the 50th
anniversary of the reunification of Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel.
2017: The American Jewish Historical Society is scheduled
to host a performance of “Isle of Klezbos,” “Eve Sicular’s six-piece all-gal
2017(28th of Iyar, 5777): Eight-nine year old
novelist Ann Birstein, the ex-wife of Alfred Kazin and the mother of Cathrael
Kazin passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)
2017: The USHMM is scheduled to host an appearance of
Holocaust survivor Sylvia Rozines as part of its “First Person Series.”
2017: ELI Talks is scheduled to host presentations by
Chicago Social Worker Beth Horwitz, Debbie Cosgrove, the President of the
Jewish Women’s Foundation of New York and Bradley Solmsen, the Executive
Director of Surprise Lake Camp
2018: In Des Moines, IA, the Jewish Federation is
scheduled to host a screening of “RBG” the film about Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
2018: “Israeli pianist Daniel Gorlter” is scheduled to
return “to the Jewish Museum” today “for a performance honoring American
composer John Corigliano’s 80th birthday.”
2018: “Choreographer Andrea Miller and Gallim” are
scheduled to perform for the last time tonight at the Met Breuer.
2018: Holocaust survivor Michel Margolis is scheduled to
talk about his experiences today at the United States Holocaust Memorial
2018: JW3 is scheduled to host the final screening of “The
Young Karl Marx” today in London.
2019: As Israel continues to cope with the combination of
high heat and catastrophic fires, based on the warnings from Public Security
Minister Gilad Erdan, Israelis are preparing “for the possibility that a
national emergency will be declared with today’s temperatures expected to
eclipse 100 degrees F throughout the country. (As reported by Jacob Magid)
2019: In response to Prime Minister Netanyahu’s call for
help from the international community to help fight the fires plaguing Israel,
aircraft from Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Croatia are scheduled to depart for
Israel this morning.
2019: A screening of Avi Kempner’s “The Spy Behind Home
Plates” is scheduled to be shown at the Avalon Theatre in Washington, DC.
2019: The Oxford Jewish Society is scheduled to host
Kabbalat Shabbat services this evening followed by Friday night dinner.
2019: A touring company led by “Tony-winning director
Bartlett Sher and Israeli choreographer Hofesh Schecter is scheduled to perform
“Fiddler on the Roof” in San Jose , CA.
2020(1st of Sivan, 5780): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
2020: Ma’ayan is scheduled to host “First Fruits: A
Multidisciplinary Approach to Bikurim and Happiness” with Tal Attia.
2020: Shearith Israel is scheduled to join with “sister
Congregations in Amsterdam, Bayonne Curacao, Livorno, London Manchester,
Montreal, Paris, Philadelphia and Rome for a reading of the Azharot” which brings
together almost all of the Spanish and Portuguese communities extant today.”
2020: The Contemporary Jewish Museum is scheduled to host
a “Sunday Stories” on Facebook Live that examines director Stanley Kubrick’s movies
and uncovers the Jewish context behind his biggest hits.
2020: KlezCalifornia is scheduled to host an online
conversation for fluent Yiddish speakers.
2020: The Consulate General of Israel is scheduled to
collaborate in the concert Yotam Silberstein #JazzfromHome .
2020: The New York Times
features books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers
including The Arab Winter: A Tragedy by Noah Feldmanv