Monday, July 22, 2019

This Day, July 23, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin


July 23

501: A violent earth quake hit Eretz Yisrael. The town of Akko was totally destroyed.

636: Following the Battle of Yarmuk Arabs took control of most of Eretz Yisrael from the Byzantine Empire.

1253: The Jews were expelled from Vienne, France by order of Pope Innocent III

1263: The “Barcelona Disputation” – a debate between Pablo Christiani, “a converted Jew” and Moses ben Nachman ordered by King James of Aragon continued for a third day.

1298(13th of Av): Massacre of the Jews of Wurzburg, Germany.

1312: King Frederick II order today that in Palermo Jews must live outside the city wall in a ghetto; and although they were soon afterward allowed to come into the city, they were still compelled to live in one quarter.

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=30&letter=P#ixzz0XGOjHmG8

1588: The English fleet foiled the attempt of the Armada to establish a base off the Isle Wight from which the Spanish could invade the British Isles.

1626: Birthdate (on the secular calendar) of Sabbatai Zevi, the most famous of the Jewish false messiahs. He died in 1676 after converting to Islam and becoming a low-level official in the Turkish government.

1649: Birthdate of Giovanni Francesco Albani, the future Clement XI who in1704 issued a bull that “dealt with the education of potential converts, encouraged forced preaching to Jews, and emphasized the importance of providing financial assistance to Jews who converted” and “asserted that new converts were to be fully accepted into the Catholic community.”

http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Conversion

1666(os): Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham, under whose leadership a group of Sephardic Jews migrated to Suriname in 1652 and “settled in the Jodensavanne area” passed away today. (Editor’s Note – I have not been able to find out why this English Lord helped the Jews find safe haven but hopefully somebody else has and will share his with me)

1713: Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch ben Yaakov Ashkenazi placed Nehemiah Chiya Chayun under the ban, because the investigating committee appointed by the Sephardic directorate had not yet made its report. In consequence of this measure, both Ashkenazi and Moses Chagiz were subjected to street attacks, more particularly at the hands of the Portuguese, who threatened to kill them. In the midst of the constantly increasing bitterness and animosity, the report of the committee, which had been prepared by Solomon Ayllon, Chacham of the Portuguese congregation, alone, was publicly announced. It was to the effect that the writings of Chayun contained nothing which could be construed as offensive to Judaism. It was publicly announced in the synagogue that Chayun was to be exonerated from every suspicion of heresy.

1768(9th of Av): Rabbi Isaac Spitz, author of Birkat Yizhak passed away.

1787: The Jews of Austria were required to take family names.

1803: Birthdate of Benzion Judah Ben Eliahu Berkowitz, the Russian author whose texts dealt with the “Targum Onkelos’ (the Aramaic translation of the TaNaCh)

1806: Birthdate of Colonel Charles Stoddard, the British Diplomat whom Joseph Wolff, the son of a Rabbi and convert to Christianity was sent to rescue from Emir in Bukhara in 1843 – a mission doomed to failure since unbeknownst to the English, Stoddard had already been murdered in 1842.

1806: Following the issuance of a decree i by Napoleon, a special assembly of Jewish leaders and Rabbis from all of the different French departments, today met in Paris to discuss all outstanding matters including answering questions dealing with accusations against the Jews made by the anti-Semites and  which would fulfill the Emperor’s desire “to make Jews equal citizens in France, have a conciliation between their religion and their responsibilities in becoming French, and to answer all the accusations made against them” since he wanted  “all people living in France to be equal citizens and benefit from our laws."

1811(2nd of Av, 5571): Abraham Abrahamson, medalist and “the master of the Prussian mint” whose medals included one he created commemorating the Enfranchisement of the Jews in Westphalia passed away today.

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/620-abrahamson-abraham

1825: Birthdate of Daniel Osiris, the Bordeaux native known as a philanthropist and patron of the arts who “has had reproduced in bronze the colossal statue of "Moses" by Michelangelo; and he is the possessor of the original drawing for the well-known etching "Jews at the Wailing Place," by Alphonse Masson.”

1826: One day after she had passed away, Julia Salomons, the three year old daughter of Barent and Rose Salomons was laid to rest today in the United Kingdom.

1832: Birthdate of violinist Adolph Pollitzer the native of Budapest who “became leader at Her Majesty's Theatre under Sir Michael Costa and also led the new Philharmonic Orchestra and the Royal Choral Society.”

1833(7th of Av, 5593): Rechli Lwow the wife of David ha-Levi Spitz passed away today.

1834: Frederick David Goldsmid married Caroline Samuel in the Great Synagogue today.

1837(20th of Tammuz, 5597): Eighty-three year old Acher Ascher, a native of Minsk who was the husband of Gitlé Loëw passed away in Karlsruhe.

1839: Birthdate of Simon Sterne, the Philadelphia born New York lawyer whose clients included the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad Company and whose civic endeavors included taking a leading role in overthrowing the “Tweed Ring.”

1846: “The Montefiore Baronetcy, of East Cliff Lodge in the Isle of Thanet and County of Kent, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom today for the banker and philosopher Moses Montefiore in recognition of his services to humanitarian causes on behalf of the Jewish people. He was childless and the title became extinct on his death in 1885.”

1846: Rabbi Isaac Meyer Wise arrives in New York from Europe.

1847: Prussian Jews were granted equality.

1854(27th of Tammuz, 5614): Engraver and artist Leopold Dick who was “appointed professor of the art of engraving at the Royal District Industrial School of Kaiserslautern in the Palatinate” in 1848 passed away today.

1856: In Norwich England, dance teacher Adelaide (née Soman) Klein and Herman Klein, Latvian born Jew who “became a professor of foreign languages at the King Edward VI Grammar School” gave birth to “English music critic, author and teacher Herman Klein, the brother of Charles and Manuel Klein and the father of “writer Denise Robins.”

1857: The resignation of Baron Rothschild was announced today and new writ was published in London calling for an election to choose his successor. In London, the electors responded by holding a public meeting in which they pledged to return Rothschild to Parliament as their representative.  They also passed a resolution calling the government to do everything in its power to immediately settle the Jewish question

1858: Passage of the Oaths and Jewish Relief Acts in Great Britain. The act allowed each House to decide the wording for the oath of office.  It allowed Jewish office holders not to have recited the words, “I make this declaration upon the true Faith of a Christian. For the full text of the oath see: http://books.google.com/books?id=52INAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA531&lpg=PA531&dq=Oaths+and+Jewish+Relief+Acts+in+Great+Britain&source=bl&ots=uqsqgiu8t-&sig=vPWUAn-B9_B3E9pCbleZBi9SdsE&hl=en&ei=qbpITKi2CobmsQOo8_VI&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

1860: A review of Life in the Desert; or Recollections of Travel in Asia and Africa by Colonel L. Du Couret, entitled “Asiatic Exploration.; The Journey of Du Couret through the Arabian Desert” reports that “in the heart of Arabia, our traveler found a considerable number of Jews, whose social condition seems to have been even worse than their, political state, which, in itself, is bad enough. More Jews are found at Doan, a populous place, some leagues further on the route to the eastward. "Many of these Jews," says Du Couret,, "are brokers, and some of them make a living by the manufacture of buskins and palm leaf mats. They also lend out money at usurious interest to merchants trading to Sana, the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf; but they carefully avoid any display of wealth, to save themselves from the extortion of the Mussulmans, who exact tribute from them. Such, under the rod of the Islam, are the modern descendants of the prophet Isaiah and of King Solomon." There is something unpleasantly suggestive in the following passage from our author's narrative: "Doan, which is, in all probability, the Dan spoken of by Ezekiel, is, at the present day, one of the largest and most important towns in Hadramaut, ranking next after Schibam and Terim.”

1861: Louis Manly Emanuel, the London born son of Manly and Hannah Emanuel who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania as a Medical Doctor in 1860 began serving as the Eighty-Second Regiment of the Union Army during the Civil War.

1862: Jacob and Amalia Nathansohn Freud gave birth to Pauline Regine (Pauli), a sister of Sigmund Freud who was deported to Treblinka in 1942.

1862: An article entitled "Escape of Mr. W.H. Hurlbert from Richmond" published today described the year-long Southern sojourn of Charleston born author William Hurlbert, a Union sympathizer who claimed that he visited the Richmond at the invitation of Judah P. Benjamin, “the eminent Jew” with whom he found himself in total disagreement.   Hurlbert then visited Charleston where he was seized by a mob that refused Secretary Benjamin’s order to set him free.  Hurlbert was then imprisoned in Richmond over the objections of Secretary Benjamin where he languished for almost a year before escaping.  [Editor’s note - For those trying to figure how much credence to give Hurlbert’s account consider the following.  He was in Richmond  during the Peninsula Campaign and later reported that the  Confederate  forces  numbered between 80,000 and 90,000 (wildly exaggerated) most of whom were facing  Union General Fitz Jon Porter (accurate) which means that had General McClellan pushed forward  he would have  Richmond virtually unoccupied (accurate)]

1871: In Baltimore, MD, “Meyer and Rosa (Meyer) Hollander gave birth Jacob Harry Hollander who became a “full professor” at his at alma mater Johns Hopkins and who was the husband of “Theresa Gutman Hutzler” with he had three children – Rosamund, David and Berthat.

http://jewishmuseummd.org/2010/09/ms-2-the-jacob-h-hollander-papers/



1872: W.P. Wood and a Jew from Baltimore named Blumenberg are scheduled to arrive in Raleigh, North Carolina tonight.  The two men have reportedly been sent to North Carolina by the Liberal Republican Committee in an attempt to carry out a Tammany style ballot box stuffing.  Wood has been given $9,000 for his part in the scheme.  Blumenberg, who has served two years in the State Prison for Perjury was given $7,000.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9A07EEDC1E38EF34BC4B51DFB1668389669FDE

1872: E.A. Rosenbluth wrote a letter to the New York Times in which he declared that he “and all my Jewish acquaintances” “will vote for” General Grant.

1873: Five days after he had passed away, seventy-five year Sir David Salomons, the son of Levy Salomons and Matilda de Metz and “first Jewish Sherriff of the City of London who also served as Lord Mayor of London was buried today at the West Ham Jewish Cemetery.

1873: Australian native Martha May (Levy) Cohen and Louis Samuel Cohen gave birth to Harold Leopold Wolfe Cohen

1873: Birthdate of Russian born NYU Law School graduate Alice Petluck, “the first woman lawyer to practice in the Federal District Court in the Southern District of New York and the first of her sex to argue a case in the Appellate Division, First Department who co-founded the Bronx Women’s Bar Association after the Bronx Bar Associated rejected her “because she was a woman and who was the husband of Dr. Joseph Petluck with whom she had three children – Charles, Ann and Robert – all of whom became lawyers.

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1953/12/11/92769131.pdf

1874: It was reported today that as soon as $160,000 can be raised for a new Hebrew Theological College will be built in Cincinnati.  The late Emanuel Deutsch was the leading candidate to head the school but since his demise, Dr. Wise has renewed his efforts to obtain the services of the best available scholar to lead the effort.  The school is to be so amply endowed that students will not have to pay tuition or fees.  Henry Mack has been elected to serve as President of the Board of Governors. 

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9E06E5D81139EF34BC4B51DFB166838F669FDE

1874: Melissa Rogers Pinner and Moritz Pinner gave birth to Rogers Adolphe Pinner, a senior partner of the Mutual Electric Company

1874(9th of Av, 5634):Tish'a B'Av

1876: A reported published today described the scene witnessed by a group of “Cook pilgrims” when they visited the “The Wailing Place of the Jews on the west side of the Temple enclosure” in Jerusalem. The Jews come to the Wall where they can touch the stones (which the writer erroneously believed were from the times of King Solomon) and read from Lamentations and Psalms “in a wailing voice.” The Jews “occasionally cry aloud in a chorus of lamentation, weeping. Blowing their longs notes with blue cotton handkerchiefs” while “kissing the stones” worn smooth “owing to centuries of osculation.”

1877: Three days after she had passed away, Ann Isaacs, the widow of Samuel Isaacs was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

1877: In Manchester, England, “James David and Amelia Marsden Glass” glass gave birth NYU trained attorney Montague Marsden Glass, the husband of the former Caroline Patterson and the father of James and Elizabeth Mary Glass who was the “creator of ‘Potash and Perlmutter’ and author of many other Jewish characters and scenes.”

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1934/02/04/94488361.html?action=click&contentCollection=Archives&module=ArticleEndCTA&region=ArchiveBody&pgtype=article&pageNumber=30



1879: In Vitebsk, which was then part of Russia, Israel Mordecai Strunsky and Pearl Schweistein gave birth to Simeon Strunsky, the graduate of Horace Mann High School and Columbia College who served as a contributor in history to the Encyclopedia Americana and “editor on the staff of the New International Encyclopedia before joining the New York Times where his most notable contributions were his editorial-page essays titled "Topics of the Times."

1879: Opinions of Prominent Jews

The pronunciamento of Mr. Corbin naturally created a great deal of excitement among the Jews of this City when it was made public yesterday, and indignation was freely expressed on all sides. The prominent men among the ...

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9805E2DD1F3FE63BBC4B51DFB1668382669FDE

1879: Mr. Austin Corbin told a TIMES reporter today that he had received numerous letters from "nice people" approving the course he had taken in relation to the Jews, and urging him to persevere. He refused to permit copies to be taken for publication, on the plea that the matter had had enough notoriety, and he wished to let it die out.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9E02E0DD1F3FE63BBC4C51DFB1668382669FDE

1879: Birthdate of German archaeologist Ernest Herzfeld who contended that structure currently identified as Queen Esther’s tomb “may actually belong to Shushan Dokht, the Jewish queen of King Yazdagerd I (ca. 399-420 CE), who is credited with securing permission for Jews to live in Hamadan.

1879: It was reported today that “A Berlin dispatch to the Pall Mall Gazette says: ‘Germany has declined to entertain any proposals from the Roumania for the modification of the provisions of the treaty of Berlin relative to the emancipation of the Jews.’”

1879: In Vitebsk, Israel Mordecai Strunsky and Pearly Schweistein gave birth to Simeon Strunsky who came to the United States in 1887 and graduated from Columbia in 1900 after which he became an instructor in history and English for the Educational League and the contributor to and/or editor of several publications including the New International Encyclopedia and the Encyclopedia Americana.

1882: “The Jews and Wagner” published today expressed bewilderment at the German composer’s expression of disdain for Jews.  According to the author, it was an un-named Jew who gave him his first piano.  And Giacomo Meyerbeer, the German-Jewish composer, was the “first men who helped him.” Wagner claims that the Jews of Vienna have conspired to harm his career, but his three most noted critics –Hanslick, Scheel and Speidl- are Viennese Catholics.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9A04EFDF143DE533A25750C2A9619C94639FD7CF

 

1884(1st of Ave, 5644): Rosh Chodesh Av

1884: Robert Pinkerton, whose detectives had arrested Mrs. Fredericka Mandelbaum yesterday, described what he said was  her 25 year career as the “most successful…receiver of stolen goods – silks, diamonds” and other “swag” from burglars” that had brought her to the attention of law enforcement officers throughout the United States. (Mandelbaum was Jewish; Pinkerton was not)

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9B0CE2DD1E3BE033A25757C2A9619C94659FD7CF

1885: Sixty-three year old President U.S. Grant and the General who saved the Union passed away today. While some brand his an anti-Semite for issuing General Order 11, such was not the case.  Grant had many prominent Jewish supporters including the Seligmans. The vast majority of Jews voted for Grant when he ran for President and while President he contributed to Adas Israel and attended the dedication of the congregation’s new sanctuary.  For a complete, highly readable description of Grant’s relationship with the Jewish people see When General Grant Expelled the Jews by Jonathan Sarna

1888(15th of Av, 5648):Tu B’Av observed for the last time during the first presidency of Grover Cleveland. (Editor’s note – Cleveland was the only President two serve two non-consecutive terms in the White House.)

1889(24th of Tammuz, 5649): Miss Openheimer, an 18 year old Jewess who was the daughter of well-known Pittsburgh clothing merchant, died today at Harmony, PA when a horse-drawn wagon in which she was riding collided with a train.  Miss Oppenheimer was vacationing in Butler Country.  Her brothers and father who were in Atlantic City have not heard about the tragedy.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9404E0D8133AE033A25757C2A9619C94689FD7CF

1890: Plans for the upcoming festival intended to raise funds for the Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews sponsored by the B’nai Brith were published today.

1890:  In memory of Mrs. Stern, Isaac Stern is paying all of the expenses related to today’s excursion sponsored by the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children for enjoyment of impoverished Jewish youngsters and their mothers.

1890: “The Cloakmakers’ Strike” published today described the violent labor confrontation between manufacturers and the workers who were led by Joseph Barondess

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F70E1EFD385F10738DDDAA0A94DF405B8085F0D3



1891: Birthdate of movie mogul Harry Cohn, The son of Russian Jewish tailor, Cohn quit school and found work in vaudeville. He began working in the infant motion picture industry in 1913. He founded Columbia Pictures where, as a producer he won an Academy Award in 1934 for It Happened One Night. Cohn was noted for his vulgarism and bizarre quotes. One of his most famous was, "Give me two years and I will make her an overnight success." Cohn was one of several Jews who dominated the film industry in its early years. The interesting thing is that they did not make Jewish movies or movies about Jews. They gained success by giving the audiences slices of Americana. The created, or at least nurtured a vision of America that Middle America wanted to see. He passed away in 1958.

1891: In Philadelphia, PA, the Jewish Alliance of American presented its plan of action for dealing with the immigration of Russian Jews.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F40E10FC3F5E10738DDDAD0A94DF405B8185F0D3

1892: “Reacting to claims that Jews don't really murder Christians to get their blood, L'Osservatore Romano, the Vatican's official newspaper, carries an article stating: ‘Unfortunately, although they tried to deny that the Talmud's followers commit such an atrocious act, one cannot reasonably deny its existence.’"

1892: During the Homestead Steel Strike anarchist Alexander Berkman failed in his attempt to assassinate steel magnate Henry Clay Frick.

                                                           Or

1892: The “first terrorist act in America,” as its perpetrator described it, occurred today when Alexander Berkman, known as Sasha, a 20-year-old Russian immigrant outraged at the brutal suppression of the strike at Carnegie Steel’s Homestead plant, burst into the office of Henry Clay Frick, the plant’s manager, shot him twice, then tried to stab him. (As reported by Elsa Dixler)

1893(10th of Av, 5653): Tish’a B’Av observed the 9th of Av fell on Shabbat

1893(10th of Av, 5653): Issac Burnheimer, a retired millionaire who was over the age of 80 and suffering from ill health passed away today at the Grand Union Hotel in Saratoga Springs.

1893: “Victims of the Czar’s Ukase” published today described the plight of Jewish refugees as seen through the eyes of one family who arrived in the United States with only seventeen dollars, eight of which they had to spend on rent and the rest was spent on purchasing the necessities of life which have left them broke.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F10F17FB3B5F1A738DDDAA0A94DF405B8385F0D3

1894: Young men “went among the audience selling copies…of The Arbeiter Freund, an anarchist paper printed in Hebrew and published in London” before tonight’s meeting of anarchists at Clarendon Hall.

1894: “What Shall Royalties Do?” published today speculates on how Europe’s impecunious nobility will support themselves and includes the possibility that someday, we may see “a Hapsburg taken into partnership with a Rothschild.”

1894: One day after he had passed away, 67 year old David Cohen was buried at the West Ham Jewish Cemetery.

1894: Lizzie Berus, a 17 year old Russian Jewish immigrant from Paterson, NJ is to go on trial in New York today on charges of having “procured diamonds by bogus check from several jewelry firms in Upper Broadway.

1894: Police are currently looking for George Patterson, the nephew of a prominent Presbyterian minister, who is the husband of Lizzie Berus and thought to be the mastermind behind a series of jewel robberies.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F30F17FF3F5A1A738DDDAA0A94DF405B8485F0D3

1895: As Wolf Silverman sits in jail facings charges of fraud related to an insurance policy purchased for his wife, the district attorney has also brought charges against the woman known as “Jane Doe” who impersonated his wife when he bought the policy and the insurance agent known as “Richard Roe” who sold the policy. It is believed that Silverman is involved in a wider fraud ring that involves several insurance companies and their employees.

1897: Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Black, Russian Jews from Kiev who are 104 and 100 respectively were awakened early this morning by a barking dog which is what saved them from dying as their apartment at 184 Clinton Street went up in smoke.

1899: In Haverhill, MA, founding of Beth Jacob which owns a cemetery on Merrimack Road.

1899: The United Hebrew Charities acknowledged that it had collected $148.50 (with contributions ranging from 50 cents to $25) to help settle a poor family that had become chronic invalids from overwork in rural location where they can work and take care of their children.

1899: The United Hebrew Charities acknowledged that it had collected $148.50

1901: Seventy-seven year old Isaac Mautner, who passed away yesterday was buried today in Bohemia

1902:Mrs. John M. Gitterman was the first to drink from the bronze fountain that was presented today to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in memory of her father, the late Simon Sterne.

1902(18th of Tammuz, 5662): Twenty-year old Elsa Neumann, “the first woman to receive a PhD in Physics from the University of Berlin passed away today.

http://jwa.org/thisweek/jul/23/1902/this-week-in-history-death-of-elsa-neumann-first-female-doctoral-graduate-of

1903: In Louisville, KY, “Julius Handmaker and Agnes (Jacobstein) Handmaker gave birth practicing attorney and law professor Herman Gilbert Handmaker, “a member of the Kentucky State Legislature and B’nai B’rith who was married to Esther Marie Jacobson in 1932.

1903 (28th of Tammuz, 5663): Sixty-five year old British born author Benjamin Farjeon passed away today.

http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1f1/farjeon-benjamin-leopold

1905: In Rimbach, “Leopold Kahn, a mathematician and synagogue cantor” and his wife gave birth to composer Erich Itor Kahn who with his wife Frida fled first to Paris and then to United States where he founded the Albeneri Trio and became “a performing member of the Bach Aria Group.”

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1956/03/06/86542554.pdf

1906(1st of Av, 5666): Rosh Chodesh Av marked the day when Pietro Pietro Lucchesi Palli and Princess Beatrice of Bourbon Parma, half-sister of Empress Zita of Austria-Hungary whose crown was lost as result of the defeat her country at the end of WW I.

1910: Premiere of “Arsène Lupin contra Sherlock Holmes” “a German drama film serial” starring Paul Otto as” Arsène Lupin”

1911: Arthur Welsh set one of his many records today when he was joined by a passenger “to establish a new American two-man altitude record of 1,860 feet.”

1912(9th of Av, 5672): Tish’a B’av

1912: In the town of Moineşti, in the district of Bacău, the rav gaon Avraham Arie Leib Rosen and his wife gave birth to Moses Rosen (David Moshe Rosen) the Rabbi (Rav Kolel) of Romanian Jewry between 1948–1994 and president of the Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania between 1964-1994 who led the community in his country through the entire Communist era in Romania and continued in that role after the restoration of the democracy by the Romanian Revolution of 1989.

1912: Birthdate of Meyer Howard “Mike” Abrams, the son of Jewish immigrants, who became a leading American literary critic.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/23/books/mh-abrams-professor-who-shaped-the-study-of-romanticism-dies-at-102.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=0

1913(18th of Tammuz, 5673): Chayim Hirsch Kahan, a fellow student of Professor Solomon Schecter and “for the past 22 years, the rabbi of the Romanian Congregation in Philadelphia” passed away today.

1913: Arabs attacked the Jewish settlement of Rehovot.

1913: Birthdate of “surrealist theorist and poet” Ghersaim Luca.

1914: In Chicago, Fanny (Rozin) and Isidore Foreman gave birth screen writer and producer Carl Foreman whose most famous work maybe “High Noon” the Gary Cooper classic western that featured Grace Kelly in her first major film role.

1914: “The first co-operative conference of Jewish farmers ever held in New York State” came to an end today at Utica, NY.

1914: Birthdate of Jana Klauberova, who at the age of 37 was deported from Prague to Ujazdow where she was murdered.

1915: “Governor Harris and members of the Georgia Prison Commission left” Atlanta “tonight for Milledgeville where an inquiry will be begun tomorrow into the attack made on Leo M. Frank at the State Prison Farm.”

1915: It was reported today that Leo Ditrichstein has terminated his relationship with director David Belasco.

1915: In Chicago, Illinois, a Summer Course sponsored by Hebrew Union College came to an end.

1915: In Milledgeville, GA, the warden at the prison reportedly believes that J.W. Creen, the convict who tried to kill Leo Frank, “is insane.”

1916: “An announcement made at the Aeolian Building” tonight” stated that “the General Fund Day collection conducted by the Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs” raised about $20,000 today which “will be used to help build new settlements for Jews in Palestine.”

1917: During WW I, “The special commission representing national Hebrew organizations, which was selected to co-operate with the Food Administration” sent a letter “to the proprietors of Jewish Summer hotels and boarding houses asking them carry out instructions to be issued from time to time” concerning the “campaign for food conversation.”

1917: Birthdate of Buffalo, NY, native Leon Yochelson, the graduate of U. of Buffalo Medical School, WW II Veteran who served as Chairman of the Psychiatric Institute of Washington and chairman of the department of psychiatry at George Washington University Medical School.

1917: “Jewish Socialists for Free Palestine” published today described an appeal members of Poale Zion who had been expelled from Palestine by the Turks to the “Socialist brethren in the United States and Russia” that put them “firmly on the side of the Allies and against” the Central Powers because they believe that “the dream of Zionism for an independent Palestine an come true” only if the Allies are victorious.

1917: It was reported today that Colonel Theodore President, the former President of the United States, has sent a letter to Jacob de Haas, the Executive Secretary of the Zionist Organization of America, expressing his support for a Jewish Legion, saying that he wished them “all luck in the movement to enlist that Jewish Legion for the war against Turkey, one of the features of which is the recovery of Palestine for the Jews..”

1918: Birthdate of Abraham ('Appie') Bueno de Mesquita, the Amsterdam born comedian who survived the Holocaust.

1919: Two days after she had passed away, 59 year old Mary Marcus was buried at the East Ham Jewish Cemetery.

1919: Today in Chicago, Violet Stern married Arthur Winter, “the son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Winter.”

1920: The Zionist Conference here, probably the most important gathering of Jews ever held, concluded today with the election of United States Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis as honorary President of the Zionist organization; Professor Chaim Weizmann, President, and Nahum Sokolow, Chairman of the Executive Committee.

1921: Twenty-nine year old Lester Lipman Farber the Grodno, Russia born son of “Rabbi Eliezer Lipman and Chaya Gitel (Berkowsky) Farber” who was the President of Congregation B’nai Zion and the founder of the Talmud Torah in El Paso married Lillian D. Flaum today.



1923: The New York Times reviews volume 4 of The Life of Benjamin Disraeli; Earl of Beaconsfield by George Earle Buckle which covers the years 1855 to 1868.

1926:  Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.  Sol M. Wurtzel was the producer responsible for Fox moving its operations to California and for making this purchase.  Following the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Fox would be purchased and become part of production giant 20th Century Fox. 

1926: Sixteen year old Philadelphia native Harry Blitman, a left-handed featherweight, fought and won his first professional bout today.

1926: In Ellenville, NY, “Morris Heller and the former Yetta Shapiro, Russian Jewish immigrants who had been settled there by the Jewish Agricultural (and Industrial Aid) Society” gave birth to Isaac “Ike” Heller the toymaker and co-founder of Remco. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/11/business/isaac-heller-co-founder-of-remco-and-toymaker-to-a-generation-dies-at-88.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well

1928: In Philadelphia, PA, “Philip Cooper, an electrical engineer, born in Vilnius, Lithuania as Pesach Kobchefski” and Rose Applebaum, a native of Bessarabia who worked for Bell Telephone Company gave birth to Vera Cooper who married Robert Cooper in 1948 and who as Vera Rubin became a pioneer in the field of Astronomy for which she has won numerous awards and is the Rubin in “the Rubin-Ford Effect” and the Rubin in “Asteroid 5726 Rubin.

http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/rubin-vera-cooper

http://home.dtm.ciw.edu/users/rubin/

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/27/science/vera-rubin-astronomist-who-made-the-case-for-dark-matter-dies-at-88.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=1



1928: Birthdate of famed pianist, teacher and conductor, Leon Fleisher.  Fleisher is doubly famous.  When at the height of his successful career as a pianist, he lost the ability to use his right hand.  Fleisher then discovered a body of music written for the left-hand and gained greater fame for this accomplishment.

1929: Thirty-four year old Philip Sendak, the son of Israel and Bluma (Buszlyn) Sendak and the husband Sadie (Schindler) Sendak who came to America from Poland in 1914 “became a naturalized U.S. citizen” today.

1930: Birthdate of French historian Pierre Emmanuel Vidal-Naquet whose interest included Jewish history and who was an active opponent of Holocaust denier Robert Faurisson.

1931(9th of Av, 5691):Tish'a B'Av

1931: As the Weimar Republic is crumbling and the Nazis are on the threshold of coming to power, the London Conference during which “seven powers” had been discussing the German economy came to a end without addressing any of the problems.

1932(19th of Tammuz, 5692): Parashat Pinchas

1932: While living in Berlin, 18 year old Hermann Pressman wrote in his diary today, “This evening my dear father has telephoned us from Nordenei (sp). He told us that he and my sister Sonia are doing just fine. My mother and I then went to a beer restaurant which was pretty nice. There was dance and music. The ladies were nothing much to write home about.” (His father Zysia and his sister Sonia were staying at Nordeneie, a German resort near the North Sea.)

1933: More than twenty leaders of the extreme wing of the Zionist Revisionist party were arrested today in various parts of the country, including Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and two Jewish villages, Kfarsaba and Kalmania, when the police simultaneously raided houses in connection with the murder of Dr. Chaim Arlosoroff, member of the Jewish Agency Executive of Palestine. Dr Arslosoroff was killed while walking on beach at Tel Aviv with his on June 16.  This was no random killing since Arslosoroff’s killer held a flashlight into his face, asked “Are you Dr. Arslosoroff” and only fired the three fatal shots after the doctor had answered in the affirmative.

1934: While Hadassah was trying to determine the best site for a hospital in Palestine, Hadassah’s two-man team of experts – Dr. Nathan Ratnoff and Dr. Jacob Golub, “the director of New York’s Hospital for Joint Disease – sent a cable today that they had “conclusively determined Scopus most suitable site.” (Editor’s note – that is Scopus as in Mt. Scopus.)

1936: The Palestine Post reported that a British soldier was killed in an Arab ambush near Tulkarm. Arab attacks were reported from Ein Harod and Kfar Yehezkel. Arabs celebrated the 100th day of their insurrection with demonstrations, calls for prayer and donations. But the Arab Nashashibi Party proposed that the Arab Higher Committee should resign as a protest against the non-fulfillment of their promises and leave the people to decide the fate of their prolonged general strike by themselves.

1936: Arab terrorists threw a bomb at a small religious school (Talmud Torah) in the Yemenite Quarter of Tel Aviv. Nine children were injured. One of the terrorists was later caught by a British constable and arrested.

1936: Dr. Joseph Tannenbaum of the American Jewish Congress addressed 600 delegates at the Hotel New York telling them “that the anti-Nazi boycott has proven a relentless grinding machine in which Hitlerism must turn to dust” and that the American Jewish labor movement has aligned itself with the boycott”

1936: “The Jewish newspaper Danziger Echo was suspended for ten months today.

1936: The British government officially declared that there would be no change of policy in regard to the issue of Jewish immigration into Palestine until the Royal Commission was able to visit the country, study the subject and publish its findings. Britain expected that all Arab terrorist activities would stop before the commission's arrival in the country. The British were wrong. The violence did not stop.

1937: “The German Government today imposed a special tax on eligible males who fail to serve in the military forces” which “will fall heavily on the Jews who are disqualified from service.”

1938:  Jews in Germany are ordered to apply for identity cards to be shown to police on demand.

1938: “The Nazi purge of Jews in annexed Austria eliminated Herr Reinhardt, Salzburg’s impreressario and conductors Walter and Toscanini from participating in the Salzburg Festival which opened tonight for the first time under Nazi control.

1938: Birthdate of Leon H. Charney, the Bayonne, NJ native and graduate of Yeshiva University and Brooklyn Law School whose accomplishments included everything from writing The Mystery of Kaddish to serving as “a back-channel peace broker between Egypt and Israel.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/23/nyregion/leon-h-charney-investor-cable-tv-host-and-peace-broker-is-dead-at-77.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=0

1940(17th of Tammuz, 5700): Tzom Tammuz

1940: Birthdate of Daniel Saul Goldin who was appointed as the 9th Administrator of NASA by President Bush in 1992 and served under three different Presidents.

1940: Hans Frank issues order revoking the autonomy of all Jewish, Ukrainian and Jewish independent aid organizations in the General Government.

1941: In White Russia an Einsatzkommando unit commander reported that some Jews were able to ‘escape into the surrounding forests and swamps’ because they “had managed to organize a ‘signal service’ between villages” that warned of the approach of the Nazi killing squads.

1942 (9th of Av, 5702): Tisha B’Av

1942 (9th of Av, 5702): Adam Czerniakow took his own life. Born in 1880, Czerniakow was the leader of the Jewish council of Warsaw, the Judenrat. Czerniakow had held the position for 3 years and kept a diary of over 1000 pages chronicling the formation of the ghetto up to the beginning of the forced transports. The Germans had ordered him to provide them with a list of names for deportation. His response was a list of his own name written hundreds of times. The day before his suicide, the Nazi officer in charge of the deportation procedure threatened to shoot his wife if he didn’t cooperate. In his suicide note he wrote "I am powerless, my heart trembles in sorrow and compassion. I can no longer bear all this."

1942 SS Senior Colonel General Viktor Brack advises Heinrich Himmler that all healthy Jews should be castrated or sterilized, and the remainder annihilated.

1942: The German Foreign Minister, Von Ribbentrop, warned the Italian Chief of Staff, that Italy should not resist efforts to deport the Jews of Croatia.

1942: The Nazis opened the Treblinka Extermination Camp.

1942: Deportation of Jews from Dobsina, Slovakia, to Auschwitz

http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/this_month/july/11.asp

1943(20th of Tammuz, 5703): Forty-year old Salomon Sachs was murdered at Sobibor today.

1943(20th of Tammuz, 5703): Forty-year-old Mandel Langer, a Jewish French partisan who was active as an anti-Nazi saboteur since the end of 1942, is captured and executed in Toulouse, France.



1943: Colonel Josiah Clement Wedgwood, 1st Baron Wedgwood, passed away.  Swimming against the establishment stream, he opposed the British decision to create an Arab state east of the Jordan River, seeing it as a betrayal of promises to the Zionists.  He opposed the 1939 White Paper on the same grounds.

1943: An urn containing the ashes of the recently deceased German historian Bernheim who had lost his right to lecture after losing his German citizenship due to the Nuremberg Laws was secretly buried today by his “former colleagues” in the cemetery at Greifswald.

1944: Otto Armster, “a German military intelligence-officer” who played a role in the July 20th plot to kill Hitler was arrested by the Gestapo today, taken to Berlin and placed in solitary confinement.

1944:  Soviet troops liberate the abandoned death camp at Majdanek, where about 500 inmates are alive.

1944:  The Nazis deport 1700 Jews from Rhodes to Auschwitz “while the Italian authorities who had governed the island from 1912 until 1943 idly stood by.”

http://www.jff.org.il/?CategoryID=1085&ArticleID=1562

1945: In what was their first joint operation after having “resolved to against British rule” a joint unit of Irgun and Lehi fighters, under the command of Yehoshua Weinstein (Benyamin) blew up a railway bridge near the village of Yibne.” (Jewish Virtual Library)

1945(13th of Av, 5705): Sixty year old Russian born Tufts College graduate Professor Israel Pollock, one of the founders of the Hebrew Teachers College” in Boston and the father of Mrs. Ann Shevach and Mrs. Eunice Kazis passed away tonight at Beth Israel Hospital in Boston.

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1945/07/25/88267201.pdf

1946: An Arab mission arrived in Rome seeking “the Pope’s intervention” in finding a solution for “the disagreements between Arabs and Jews in Palestine and to prevent the arrival of …100,000 Jews” in Palestine.

1947: This morning as “The Empire Lifeguard sat in the heavily guarded port of Haifa” a bomb which the American crew had left aboard the ship “exploded below the water” causing the ship to sink in the harbor.

1948(16th of Tamuz, 5708): In Jerusalem, two more Israeli soldiers were killed by Arab firing from Abu Tor.

1948: Arab shelling from the village of Silwan damages the King David Hotel in Jerusalem.

1948: The possibility loomed today that the Israeli Government might conduct negotiations with Soviet Russia for a supply of crude oil to be refined at Haifa.

1949(26th of Tammuz, 5709): Parashat Matot –Masei

1949: Today, the New Yorker magazine published an article by Liebling entitled "Spotlight on the Jury" in which he opened by stating "The trial of Alger Hiss, which produced some of the best and some of the worst newspaper copy of our time" and concluded "This sort of thing obviously and apparently lessens the chance of a fair trial next time. Perhaps the secrecy of the jury room, like that of the voting booth, should be protected by law.”

1949: The Turkish government authorized an Israeli, Victor Elyachar, to open an office in Istanbul to answer questions about the new state of Israel. In October of the same year, Elyachar was appointed Consul General of Israel at Turkey. 

1950: In Bucharest, Romania, Moses Kozinski and his wife, both of whom were Holocaust survivors gave birth UCLA Law School Grad Alex Kozinski whose judicial career took him all the way to serving as the Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit” but did not cushion his fall from grace following numerous “allegations of improper sexual conduct”

http://www.latimes.com/politics/la-pol-ca-judge-alex-kozinski-20171218-story.html

1950: Based on the wording of the Official Citations, today marked the beginning of a series of heroic acts on the part of Corporal Tibor Ruman during the darkest days of the Korean War that would lead to him being awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibor_Rubin



1951: After premiering in the United Kingdom at the beginning of the month, “Sirocco” a film based on Coup de Grace by Joseph Kessel, directed by Curtis Bernhardt and co-starring Lee J. Cobb was released in the United States today.

1951: Thousands of mourners led the black-draped gun carriage carrying the coffin of King Abdullah of Jordan to the royal cemetery in Amman. The Jordanian police rounded over 70 suspects in connection with the king's assassination, including two relatives of the former Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el-Husseini. There were clashes in the Jordanian-occupied Old City of Jerusalem between Arab Legion Bedouin and the local Arabs.

1951: The first immigrant from the U.S.S.R., 73-year-old Tova Lerner from Soviet Bessarabia, arrived in Israel together with 993 newcomers from Romania.

1952: General Neguib overthrew the monarchy and seized power. Some Israelis thought this change presaged a possible improvement in relations with the Egyptians. The last King of Egypt, Farouk, was man known for his personal and political corruption. The Israelis thought the revolutionaries would bring Western style reforms and that they would be more accepting of the Jewish State. Obviously this did not happen. One of the men behind what was known as "The Colonels’ Revolt" was Nasser. Nasser would soon seize the reins of power and make the destruction of Israel a cornerstone of his Pan-Arab policy. In a lesson that has still not been learned, Nasser said that he did not hate the West because of Israel but hated Israel because it was Western. In other words, anti-Western philosophy has been a staple of the Arab/Moslem world long before the appearance of Bin Laden.

1954(22nd of Tammuz, 5714: Fifty-one year Bisbee, AZ born Leonard Goldstein, the twin brother of Robert Goldstein whose eighteen year career in films including producing the popular and comic “Francis, the Talking Mule” film series, passed away today.

https://collections.oscars.org/link/bio/128



1955: Cordell Hull, Tennessee political leader and U.S. Secretary of State passed away.  Appointed by FDR, he served in the post until 1944 which made him the longest serving Secretary of State.  He won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1945 for his role in creating the United Nations, which at its inception, played a positive role in the creation of Israel.  Hull blocked the admission of Jews fleeing Hitler as can be seen in his role with the SS St. Louis and the SS Quanza. Hull’s wife was reportedly Jewish, a fact they worked to keep from public knowledge lest it impede his public career.

1956(15th of Av, 5716): Tu B’Av

1958: A week after opening in New York “Rock-A-By Baby” a comedy produced by and starring Jerry Lewis, featuring Gary Lewis and with songs by Sammy Cahn and Walter Scharf was released in New York today.

1959(17th of Tammuz, 5719): Tzom Tammuz

1960: In New York City, Edie and Ely A. Laundau gave birth to Jon Landau, the producer of Titanic and co-producer of science fiction blockbuster Avatar.

1961(10th of Av, 5721): Tish’a B’av is observed for the first time during the Presidency of John Kennedy.

1967: Herb Gray, Canada's first Jewish federal cabinet minister, Gray married lawyer Sharon Sholzberg, with whom he had two children: Jonathan David and Elizabeth Anne.

1967: Birthdate of Mariane Pearl, the wife and widow of Danny Pearl.

1967: Denise Scott Brown, the daughter of Jewish Rhodesian parents married fellow architect Robert Venturi.

1968: “Isabel,” the winner of four Canadian film awards, featuring Al Waxman as “Herb” was released today.

1968: For the first time, the PLO hijacked an El Al plane. El Al was the first airline to put sky marshals on its flights and the first airline to introduce the security measures that many tried to emulate after 9/11.

1969(8th of Av, 5729): Erev Tish’a B’Av

1969(8th of Av, 5729): Seventy-seven year old “Sidney J. Weinberg, whose financial acumen earned him the sobriquet ‘Mr. Wall Street’” passed away today.  (As reported by Alden Whitman)

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F20F10FC3C5D1A7B93C6AB178CD85F4D8685F9



http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2008/11/10/081110fa_fact_gladwell



1969: Birthdate of Rachel Goslins, the director of “God’s House,” a documentary about Albanian Muslims who save Jews during World War II based on Besa: Muslims Who Save Jews in World War II by Norman Gershman.  A member of Adas Israel, she has served as the Executive Director of the President’s Committee on the Arts and Humanities.

1969: “Hannibal Brooks” a comedy based on a story by Michael Winner who also produced and directed the film was released today in the United Kingdom

1971: Paula Robison “premièred the first of Leon Kirchner's compositions commissioned for her, Flutings for Paula, in Sanders Theater at Harvard University.”

1971: Birthdate of journalist Joel Stein.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joel_Stein

1972(12th of Av, 5732): Fifty-seven year old MIT Graduate William Lewis Abramowitz, an expert in the plastics business who raised four children – Kenneth, Susan, Ava and Gail – with his wife “the former Lena Epstein” passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/1972/07/25/archives/william-abramowitz.html



1973:  Birthdate of White House Intern, Monica Lewinsky.

1974(29th of Tevet, 5734): Seventy-eight year old Dr. Frank Pearcy, the Kelso, West Virginia native and graduate of Rush Medical College who served on the faculty of the University of W. Va., and the U of Texas passed away today.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that the visiting governor of the Bank of Spain, Luis Coronel del Palma, expressed hope of "a considerable improvement of relations between Spain and Israel." According to American experts the recent events in Lebanon and the Syrian intervention there threatened the total dismemberment of the PLO and the demise of Yasser Arafat who had lost control of all his forces. Mossad hit teams were reported to have been waging a concerted assassination program against all Palestinian terrorists who murdered 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympiad.

1978(18th of Tammuz, 5738): Tzom Tammuz observed

1978: The Israeli cabinet rejected Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas.

1978: In “Sex, Torah, Revolution,” Alan Lelchuk reviewed Shosha by Isaac Bashevis Singer.

http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/01/25/home/singer-sosha.html

1979(28th of Tammuz, 5739): Eighty-one year old Argentine native Joseph Kessel who gained fame in his adopted France as a journalist and novelist after having serviced with the Free French in WW II passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/07/25/archives/joseph-kessel-author-and-newspaperman-was-a-de-gaulle-aide-a.html



1980(10th of Av, 5740): Eighty-four year old Dr. Max Kadushin, a leading Conservative Rabbi, passed away today.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F10C16FC355D11728DDDAD0A94DF405B8084F1D3

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Kadushin

1982(3rd of Av, 5742): Fifty-three year old actor Vic Morrow died today in a tragic accident while filming a movie.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/actor-and-two-children-killed-on-twilight-zone-set

1982: “Jewish leaders said today that they have long shared Interior Secretary James G. Watt’s view that the United States should speedily reduce its reliance on imported oil and that such an approach will benefit Israel as well as other American Allies” but they took issue with comments made in a letter sent to Israeli Ambassador Moshe Arens staying that “the American support for Israel could jeopardized if “liberals of the Jewish community join with other liberals of this nation in opposing the Regan administration’s accelerated energy development policies.”
1983(13th of Av, 5743): Parashat Vaetchanan; Shabbat Nachamu


1983(13th of Av, 5743): Seventy-six year old Broadway producer and director Shepard Traube, the recipient of the New York Drama Critics “best director prize” for the long running “Angel Street” passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/1983/07/25/obituaries/shepard-traube-76-is-dead-stage-producer-and-director.html?mcubz=0

1983(13th of Av, 5743): Ninety-four year old Lithuanian born Florence R. Dolowitz, the Hunter College graduate and mathematics teacher who founded the Women’s American ORT while raising two children – Grace and David – with her husband Alexander Dolowitz, passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/1983/07/25/obituaries/florence-dolowitz-who-founded-ort-in-america-is-dead.html

https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/dolowitz-florence



1984: Convicted financier Shmuel Flatto-Sharon is attempting a comeback in the Israeli elections being held today.

1987(26th of Tammuz, 5747): Seventy year old Lewis Putzel, the husband of Emily Frankel Putzel, passed away today after which he was buried at the Har Sinai Cemetery in suburban Owings Mills, MD.

1987: Fifty American volunteers pulled out of an archeological excavation site here today after a group of rigorously Orthodox Jews mobilized international pressure to halt digging in the area, which they say is an ancient burial ground. While 100 Israeli policemen, armed with riot sticks and tear gas, separated them from three busloads of angry Orthodox protesters, the American archeological volunteers spent the morning clearing dust off a fifth-century mosaic sidewalk in Caesarea, a historic coastal city 25 miles north of Tel Aviv. But shortly after the volunteers, representing 22 American colleges and universities, finished a midmorning breakfast, the project director, Robert J. Bull, an archeology professor at Drew University in Madison, N.J., received a telegram from his university president. The president, Paul Hardin, had instructed him to withdraw from the site immediately, two weeks before the four-week expedition was scheduled to end. Drew University is a Methodist school. ''I said I would abide by the law of the land, and I have, but now I've been threatened with dismissal from my college post,'' said Dr. Bull, head of the Joint Expedition to Caesarea, endorsed by the American Schools of Oriental Research, as he explained his reasons for leaving the site. He said the telegram from Mr. Hardin had included an implied threat. By the time Dr. Bull had broken the news to the volunteers, three busloads of Orthodox men in long black coats had arrived at the roadblocks erected by policemen two miles away from the site. Some men started walking to the site, but the majority stood and prayed by the barricades, holding posters, one of which read, ''Let the dead rest in peace, not pieces.'' One young Orthodox man ran around in circles screaming, ''Harlot! Harlot!'' for several minutes, until a young woman standing nearby slipped a long-sleeved shirt over her sleeveless top. Meanwhile, the police averted a confrontation by arranging a hasty meeting to inform representatives of Atra Kadisha, the organization dedicated to preserving grave sites in Israel, of Dr. Bull's decision. They also dispatched patrol cars to pick up protesters who were hiking to the excavation site. A Garbage Dump, Some Say No one disputes that some human bones have been found on the site, but there is disagreement whether these bones are part of a Jewish cemetery. Respect for the dead, and reverence for the human body after death, are of great importance in Jewish belief. When bones were first reported at the site, Israel's Antiquities Department, which licenses all excavations, sent out inspectors, who concluded the bones were not part of a Jewish cemetery. ''There are some bones here, but this wasn't a cemetery, it was a garbage dump,'' said Yehuda Neeman, antiquities inspector for the Hadera region, which includes Caesarea. ''The garbage was dumped in the last 100-150 years, on top of what was the market of the Byzantine Christian area of the historic city.'' Dr. Bull notes that Jews were traditionally buried outside the city walls, not inside, where the embattled site lies. And, he says, a Jewish cemetery has been discovered almost a mile away from the site in question. In addition, he said, he has found broken pieces of Arabic tombstones in the area, indicating the bones found may have been Moslem. The Pattern of the Bones Atra Kadisha representatives who examined the site disagree, and say the bones were laid out in a distinctly Jewish pattern, from the distance between the bones to the location of stones around the bodies. ''We have brought experts in who have examined this site, and said it is clearly a Jewish burial site,'' said Rabbi Zeev Berlin, of the Atra Kadisha. He said some professional Israeli archeologists agreed, but did not want their names made public. ''We are very pleased they stopped their work, but we are pained they already succeeded in destroying some of the graves, and we hope the bones will be brought to burial,'' he said. A spokesman for Drew University, interviewed by telephone today, said the college had received requests from both Israeli and American Orthodox rabbis, asking that the digging be halted. ''We have asked for a moratorium on the digging until a compromise can be worked out,'' he said. ''We are trying to be sensitive to religious sensibilities involved here and abroad, being a church-related school ourselves.'' As the volunteers wrapped up their work on the site today, they snapped photographs of the policemen who had stood outside the site for three days, as the guards posed atop a Corinthian capital. For the policemen, the episode was one more chapter in the continuing struggle between Israel's Orthodox minority and secular majority. The Atra Kadisha succeeded in suspending digging at the City of David in Jerusalem in 1981, and more recently interrupted construction of a new road in Tel Aviv because of claims that it ran through an old cemetery. 'The religious won - as always,'' a plainclothes policeman shouted to another officer, as he drove away. ''Where next?

1992(22nd of Tammuz, 5752): Ninety-five year old New York born real estate magnate and philanthropist May Rudin who founded Rudin Management with her husband Samuel Rudin with whom she raised two sons—Jack and Lewis – while overseeing the activities of the Samuel and May Rudin Foundation passed away today.

https://www.nytimes.com/1992/07/24/nyregion/may-rudin-95-a-philanthropist-and-new-york-real-estate-owner.html



1994(15th of Av, 5754): Triple Header: Parashat Vaetchanan; Shabbat Nachamu; Tu B’av

1994(15th of Av, 5754): Ninety eight year old Viennese born, American film composer Hans J. Salter passed away today.

http://www.nytimes.com/1994/07/28/obituaries/hans-j-salter-98-composer-for-films.html

1996(7th of Av, 5756): Sixty-nine year old New Jersey State Chief Justice Robert Wilentz passed away today. (As reported by David Stout)

http://www.nytimes.com/1996/07/24/nyregion/robert-wilentz-69-new-jersey-chief-justice-dies-court-aided-women-and-the-poor.html

1997: According to a report released today the July 14 collapse of a pedestrian bridge at the Maccabiah Games was caused by a chain of failures involving the bridge's planning and construction. Despite the attempts to shift blame, the commission of inquiry found fault at all levels -- from the engineer, to the contracting company that built the bridge, to the Maccabiah organizing committee. The commission concluded that the engineer, Micha Bar Ilan, had never submitted an engineering plan for the bridge, did not design a bridge to meet the intended needs and did not properly oversee the work. The contracting company, Karagula-Ben Ezra, was faulted for doing shoddy work, using substandard materials and being unauthorized to build such a structure. The commission also said there was no coordination between the engineer and the contractors. In addition, the commission also blamed the Maccabiah organizers for the poor coordination that led up to the tragedy. The commission rejected the suggestion that the collapse was caused by a number of small all-terrain police vehicles that drove over the bridge shortly before the opening ceremony.

1998: In Toledo, the sixth congress of the European Association for Jewish Studies (EAJS) under the presidency of Professor Angel Sáenz Badillos came to a close today.

1999: After having undergone “tests regarding her heart condition at the Akron City Hospital in Akron, Ohio,” Janet Rosenberg Jagan “was discharged” today and returned to Guyana where she would later resign her position as the country’s president.

1999(10th of Ave, 5759): Seventy-seven year old photographer Stanley Tretick passed away today. (As reported by Nick Ravo)

http://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/20/us/stanley-tretick-77-photographer-of-kennedys-at-the-white-house.html

http://digitaljournalist.org/issue9908/tretick.htm

2000: In “Jerseyana: A Fading Jewish Haven,” published today Robert Strauss describes a disappearing slice of Jewish life unknown to most Jews, that centered around rural and small-town New Jersey

http://www.nytimes.com/2000/07/23/nyregion/jerseyana-a-fading-jewish-haven.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm



David Uniglicht remembers gliding down the streets of this small town in the wooded interior of Cape May County as if it were yesterday. ''You'd go down Washington Avenue, that was the main street, and you would pass Collier's Department Store and Singers Barber Shop and Grossman's grocery,'' said Mr. Uniglicht of his childhood in the 1950's and 60's. ''Down Adams Avenue, there was Siegel's kosher butcher. Outside the town center were Franklin's children's clothing factor and the Rabinowitz Hat Factory and Bradstone's, where rubber for sneakers was manufactured. ''It was a Jewish community, a wonderful close-knit community,'' he went on. ''I can't think there was a better way to grow up.'' None of those shops and factories are left in Woodbine, which is largely black and Hispanic today. Now, the last vestige of Woodbine's origins as a late-19th-century Jewish agricultural community may also fade into history. The Woodbine Brotherhood Synagogue on Washington Avenue in the center of the borough -- on the National Register of Historic Places -- is under an agreement of sale. Another synagogue, Tefares Israel, was razed in the 1960's. Mr. Uniglicht, who is chairman of the synagogue's board of trustees, said it was decided to have the building -- the same one where his grandparents were wed in 1906 -- put up for sale while still well maintained. While there have been no weekly services there since the 1970's, the synagogue has remained opened for High Holy Days services every fall, with nostalgic visitors and vacationers at the shore a few miles away joining the shrinking population of Jews here for the traditional prayers. That is far from the thriving Jewish community that used to inhabit Woodbine. In 1891, a local judge sold 5,300 acres of Dennis Township to the Baron Maurice De Hirsch Fund for $37,500. Baron De Hirsch, a Frenchman, believed that the Jewish community in America would thrive if it got out of the cities and back to its agricultural roots. ''He recruited his people from New York and Philadelphia and Chicago, Eastern European Jews who were already here,'' said Joseph Brandes, a professor emeritus of history at William Paterson University, who wrote ''Immigrants to Freedom: Jewish Communities in Rural New Jersey since 1882'' (University of Pennsylvania Press). ''He also thought it should be a balanced community, and so the farmers wouldn't loaf in the winter, he encouraged factories.'' While there were other De Hirsch communities in Southern New Jersey -- Brotmanville, Rosenhayn, Alliance, Norma and Carmel near Vineland -- none of them were as prominent as Woodbine, which was the only one that was not just a place name, but also an incorporated borough. ''A writer in 1907 called Woodbine the first self-governed Jewish community since the fall of Jerusalem,'' said Dr. Brandes. ''It became a prototype for the New Deal balanced communities like Roosevelt near Trenton, with the hope of having agriculture and industry combine.'' But in fact, agriculture was not all that was happening in Woodbine. ''It was sandy soil and had to be cleared of dense forest,'' said Rachel Rodgers, the executive director of the Cape May County division of culture and heritage. ''It was full of mosquitoes and scrub bushes, horrible conditions for agriculture. So the factories did a lot better.'' The De Hirsch Fund established an agricultural high school here, which taught the physical sciences and had a roll of graduates who eschewed the land and became doctors and scientists. Gregory Pincus, an early developer of the birth-control pill, attended the De Hirsch school, as did Selman A. Waksman, who developed streptomycin, one of the first cures for tuberculosis. The school has long since become the Woodbine Developmental Center for the handicapped. For decades, the Jewish community thrived here. ''People came here happily,'' said Mr. Uniglicht, who today is an administrator at the Woodbine center. ''It was far better than being in the dirty city.'' Sitting in William Eisenberg's Haddonfield law office is the loving cup his grandfather, also named William, was awarded by Woodbine's citizens in 1922 after serving as the town's mayor. ''My grandfather was a mason and helped to build the synagogue,'' said Mr. Eisenberg, whose family moved to Collingswood before he was born. ''My father and most of the family is buried in the cemetery there. So it's nostalgic for me. But things started to dissipate even before World War II.'' The Depression did not help the factories here, though most managed to stay afloat during those times. And as children went off to war and to college, they could not imagine returning. In the late 1940's there was one more surge of interest: Legend has it that residents here smuggled weapons out of Millville Airport to the Hagannah resistance movement before Israel was formed in 1948. ''But then the suburban Jewish exodus started, too,'' said Dr. Brandes. ''Jews naturally wanted to be in communities with other Jews and, primarily, moved to the places around New York and Philadelphia.'' The places Mr. Uniglicht revered -- Singer's and Collier's and the Rabinowitz Hat Factory -- were all closed by the 1970's. The hordes that came from all over South Jersey to eat deli at Siegel's found other places to go. Even Mr. Uniglicht, though he works in Woodbine, moved to Vineland years ago. For Mr. Uniglicht, the decision to hold the last services at the synagogue was not a hard one. ''There isn't a Jewish community here,'' he said. ''We had a nice reunion on the 100th anniversary of the synagogue in 1993. It has been nice to have services here, but Jews also have to focus on the future.'' Scott Novick, who lives in Cape May Court House a few miles away, has bid for the building and has a tentative closing date in the fall. Mr. Novick has told residents that he intends to keep it functioning as a synagogue, though he has not elaborated. The Borough of Woodbine and the State Police had considered buying the building and converting it to office space, but balked when consultants put the buying price and the cost of renovation at about $500,000. But as Mr. Eisenberg put it, ''Those people in the graveyard who escaped oppression in Europe would have haunted the place if people in shiny boots and revolvers were in there anyway.''

2001: 16th Maccabiah comes to a close.

2001(3rd of Av, 5761): Sixty-year old Rabbi Alan Bergman, who served Congregation Temple Israel in St. Louis before moving to the Chicago area where her served “as Director of the Great Lakes Region/Chicago Federation of the Union American Hebrew Congregations” for a quarter of century while raising three children – Daniel, Marc and Saralyn – with his wife the former Marcia Sky passed away today in Highland Park, Illinois after which he was interred at Westlawn Cemetery.

2001: Haim “Saban announced that he and News Corporation would sell Fox Family Worldwide Inc for $5.3 billion to The Walt Disney Company.”

2001: Matt Bloom lost the WWF Intercontinental Championship to Alliance member Lance Storm in Buffalo, New York

2001: “Issues in Jewish Philosophy,” a colloquia sponsored by The European Association for Jewish Studies (EAJS) opened today.

2002:The Knesset approved the Tal Law as an attempt to reach a compromise to the public demand that the Israeli ultra-Orthodox citizens would share an equal extent of obligations which other Israeli citizens are required to fulfill, specifically requiring them to serve in the Israel Defense Forces. The coalition upheavals delayed the initial adoption of the Tal law.

2002: The IDF bombed the building in which Hamas leader Salah Shehade was sleeping.  He was the mastermind behind a series of suicide attacks that claimed the lives of hundreds of Israeli civilians.

2003: Best-selling author Peggy Orenstein and Academy Award winning filmmaker Steven Okazaki gave birth to their daughter Daisy Tomoko.

2003: President Bush presents Edward Teller with the Medal of Freedom, six weeks before Teller’s death.

2004: “The Bourne Supremacy” on which Doug Liman who had directed the first of the “Bourne films” served as executive producer was rleased today.

2005: Pitcher Craig Breslow made his major league debut with the San Diego Padres.

2005:  Several explosions rocked the Egyptian resort of Sharm el-Shiek in the early morning hours.  The attacks were aimed at a number of resort hotels catering to tourists from Egypt, Europe and Israel.  Preliminary reports indicate that at least forty five were killed and untold hundreds were wounded.  Sharm el-Shiek is located at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula.  It was from this point that the Egyptians were able to close the Straits of Tiran in 1967, blockading the Gulf of Aqaba and shutting off shipping to the Israeli port of Eilat.  This was one of the acts that precipitated the Six Days War in 1967.  Israel seized Sharm el-Sheik during the war and returned it to Egypt with the proviso that the Straits would never be closed again.  It is both ironic and tragic that a place that has been transformed into a tourist Mecca is now the latest battlefield in the terrorist war against Western civilization.  It is even more ironic, that the causalities at Sharm in this war are higher than those of the conventional war of 1967.

2005:  The Jerusalem Post reported that Ariel Sharon will not change the date of the evacuation from Gaza.  The evacuation date is August 17.  Sharon fought attempts in the Knesset by the anti-disengagement forces to postpone the evacuation.  He has also dismissed suggestions from those favoring the evacuation, including the Vice Premier and Shimon Peres to advance the date of the evacuation.  The evacuation date is a matter of law, having been enacted in legislation passed by the Knesset.  It would take three votes to change the law, something Sharon does not care to attempt.  At the same time, he will not act unilaterally to move the date because it is critical that Israel maintain itself as society that accepts and respect the rule of law.

2006: The San Francisco Chronicle reviewed How This Night Is Different by Elisa Albert

2006:  The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz - An Essay in Historical Interpretation by Jan T. Gross and  the recently released paperback edition of Freud's Requiem: Mourning, Memory, and the Invisible History of a Summer Walk by Matthew Von Unwerth an “elegantly meandering look at Sigmund Freud's life and the intellectual world he moved in that examines an obscure 1915 essay, ‘On Transience,’ in which Freud records a conversation with the poet Rainer Maria Rilke and the psychoanalyst Lou Andreas-Salomé.”

2006(27th of Tammuz, 5766): Ursula Merkin, the widow of Hermann Merkin, the Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Yeshiva University passed away today.

http://forward.com/news/519/she-contained-multitudes/

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D06E5DB1F3AF937A15754C0A9609C8B63



2006: The following were among a total of 43 Israeli civilians (including four who died of heart attacks during rocket barrages) and 116 IDF soldiers were killed in the Israel-Hizbullah war: Shimon Glickblich, 60, of Haifa; Habib Awad, 48, of Ibellin.

2007: In Krakow, Poland, the Cinema Pod Baranami / Festival of Jewish Culture presents a screening of “Hungry Hearts,” which is “based on the short stories of Anzia Yezierska, the first writer to bring stories of American Jewish women to a mainstream audience.”

2007(8th of Av, 5767): Ninety-three year old Hungarian born writer George Tabori. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/27/theater/27tabori.html?_r=0



2007(8th of Av, 5767): Seventy-four year old Ronald Norman Miller the songwriter who created the lyrics to the Grammy Award winning hit “For Once in My Life” passed away today in California.

http://www.theguardian.com/news/2007/aug/23/guardianobituaries.obituaries1

2007: The New Republic features reviews of 1967: Israel, the War, and the Year That Transformed The Middle East by Tom Segev and Foxbats over Dimona: The Soviets’ Nuclear Gamble in the Six-Day War by Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez by Israeli historian and author Benny Morris as well Nathan Glazer’s review of Robert Moses and the Modern City: The Transformation of New York.

2008: At the Karmiel amphitheater Let Us Grow showcases 3,000 children from all over the country in a mosaic of dances choreographed especially for them featuring such singers as Tal Mosseri and Yoav Yitzhak.

2008: Dina Gottliebova-Babbitt an artist and Holocaust survivor had surgery today after having been “diagnosed with an aggressive form of abdominal cancer.”

2008: Mark Zuckerberg announced Facebook Connect, a version of Facebook Platform for users.

2008: In an example of interfaith at its best, members of Temple Judah loaded their cars with clothing items shipped to Cedar Rapids by Chabad of Des Moines and took them to Community of Christ Church for distribution to victims of the Cedar Rapids Flood of 2008.

2008(25th of Tammuz, 5678): Eighty-seven year old Professor Leon A. Feldman the refugee from Nazi Germany who earned a Ph.D. and smicha from Yeshiva University and who founded the Department of Hebraic Studies at Rutgers University in New Jersey passed away today.

http://ucmweb.rutgers.edu/inmemoriam/?q=inmemoriam_record&id=165



2008(25th of Tammuz, 5768: Officer David Chriqui of Rishon Lezion, 19-year-old border policeman who was shot near the Lions' Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem on July 11 died of his wounds today. Officer David Chriqui of Rishon Lezion was shot in the head at close range by a man thought to be a Palestinian. Jerusalem police officer Imad Gadir from Kafr Zarzir in the Western Galilee has recovered from his wounds.

2008: Senator Barack Obama opened a day of talks with Israeli and Palestinian leaders sharing breakfast with Ehud Barak before traveling to the West Bank to meet ith Mahmoud Abbas.

2009: Closing ceremony of the 18th Maccabiah takes place at Latrun

2009: Chicago’s Millennium Park celebrated its fifth anniversary with a blockbuster event of song and spoken word called SHELebration: A Tribute to Shel Silverstein. This night of song and performance honoring the legendary Chicago poet, author, illustrator and Grammy Award-winning songwriter took place at the Jay Pritzker Pavilion. SHELebration included longtime Silverstein friend Bobby Bare and Bobby Bare Jr., with the Bare Family Band, an all-star band from the worlds of indierock and country music (including the acclaimed Nashville guitarist and producer, Chip Young; drummer Patrick Hallahan of the famed rock group, My Morning Jacket; steel guitarist Chris Scruggs, grandson to Grammy Award-winner, Earl Scruggs; and Richie Kirkpatrick, bassist of the band Ghostfinger). Also performing are friend and Silverstein musical collaborator, Pat Dailey and indie-rock superstar Will Oldham (aka Bonnie Prince Billy), along with Chicagoans Jon Langford and Sally Timms of the Mekons and the “First Lady of Children’s Music,” Ella Jenkins. Additionally, the program featured Steve Edwards of WBEZ, Chicago Public Radio, Miss Lori’s Campus of PBS Kids, legendary spoken word jazz artist, Ken Nordine, storytellers from WNEP Theater’s SKALD Kids program and members of the Annoyance Theater Company, who will read from Silverstein classic books, “Where the Sidewalk Ends,” “A Light in the Attic,” Falling Up”, “Runny Babbit,” “Don’t Bump the Glump!” and “Other Fantasies.” One of the highlights of the evening will be the world debut of a previously unreleased Silverstein poem and illustration, entitled “Birthday” provided by the Shel Silverstein estate to Millennium Park for SHELebration. “Birthday” is one of twelve poems that will be released for the first time in the fall when A Light in the Attic is reissued and will make its print debut in SHELebration’s commemorative program booklet.

2009: In New York City, rooftop premiere of Keren Cytter's feature length film, "The Great Tale." The Tel Aviv native “creates films that appropriate and transform different cinematic genres, such as film noir, melodrama, documentary, and soap opera. Often set in cheap domestic interiors, Cytter's films depict dysfunctional families and alienated friends on the verge of nervous breakdown.”

2009: Several rabbis were arrested as part of a public corruption and international money-laundering investigation in New Jersey. According to reports, among the 44 people arrested this morning by the FBI along with the rabbis were the mayors of three New Jersey towns, a deputy mayor and a state assemblyman. They were to appear in federal court in Newark later in the day. The money-laundering suspects were accused of moving “at least tens of millions of dollars through charitable, nonprofit entities controlled by rabbis in New York and New Jersey,” according to a release by acting U.S. Attorney Ralph Marra. Prosecutors said they worked with an informant who had been charged with bank fraud in May 2006, Bloomberg.com said. Investigators obtained hundreds of hours of audio and video recordings, according to prosecutors. The rabbis arrested were religious leaders from Syrian Jewish neighborhoods in Deal and Elberon, N.J., as well as Brooklyn, N.Y. The Asbury Park Press reported that the investigation involved the Deal Yeshiva, a Sephardic institution that has a boys' division in Ocean Township and a girls' school in West Long Branch. The arrests reportedly are the result of a two-year probe by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Internal Revenue Service that began with an investigation of money transfers by members of the Syrian enclaves in Deal and Brooklyn, two tight-knit and wealthy communities. The Monmouth County Prosecutor's Office and the IRS removed at least three boxes from the Deal Yeshiva as students were arriving at school Thursday, The Star-Ledger reported, as well as several boxes from the Ohel Yaacob synagogue in the same town. The charged rabbis include Rabbi Saul Kassin, 87, of the Sharee Zion synagogue in Brooklyn, N.Y.; Eliahu Ben Haim, 58, the principal rabbi of Congregation Ohel Yaacob in Deal; Edmond Nahum, 56, of the Deal Synagogue; Mordchai Fish, 56, of Congregation Sheves Achim in Brooklyn; and Lavel Schwartz, 57, Fish’s brother. They were charged with money laundering. Kassin is accused of laundering more than $200,000 through the informant from June 2007 through December 2008, according to prosecutors. Fish, Schwartz and two other defendants used a charitable, tax-exempt organization called BCG, which was associated with Fish’s synagogue, to launder money, according to the FBI. The mayors of Hoboken, Ridgefield and Secaucus, the deputy mayor of Jersey City and an assemblyman from Ocean Township were caught in the operation. Also charged is Levy-Izhak Rosenbaum, 58, of Brooklyn, who was accused of conspiring with others to acquire and trade human organs for use in transplantation. In one case noted in the complaint, Rosenbaum said it would cost $150,000 -- half up front. Rosenbaum said some of the money would go to the donor and some to doctors in Israel, according to the complaint. Bloomberg identified the cooperating witness as Solomon Dwek, a real estate developer in Monmouth County, N.J. who was charged in 2006 with scheming to defraud PNC Bank out of $50 million, according to a person familiar with the matter and court records. Dwek was never indicted; he has received 17 extensions to continue the period in which his case had to be presented to a federal grand jury.

2010: As part of “Downtown Shabbat”Robyn Helzner, one of the leading interpreters of world Jewish music, and Cantor Larry Paul are scheduled to lead a Carlebach-inspired service at the Historic Sixth & I Synagogue in Washington, D.C.

2010: An Israeli government decision to shelve a controversial bill on Jewish conversions drew praise today from liberal Jewish groups in Israel and the U.S. who opposed the legislation and waged a vocal campaign to get it thrown out. Government spokesman Nir Hefetz announced an agreement that will see the bill withdrawn for six months as the sides try to hammer out an alternative. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu approved the compromise to "preserve the unity of the Jewish people," Hefetz said in a statement released late yesterday. In return, the liberal Jewish groups opposing the bill withdrew the legal action they had initiated in an Israeli court. The bill, proposed by one of Netanyahu's coalition partners, aimed to provide easier conversion for immigrants from the former Soviet Union, many of whom are not Jewish under Jewish law. It would have liberalized the conversion process inside Israel to some extent while at the same time strengthening the control of Orthodox rabbis. Conversions are a highly sensitive issue for the three main denominations among the world's 13 million Jews - Orthodox, Conservative and Reform. The more liberal Conservative and Reform denominations that make up the majority of American Jews, but which have little political clout inside Israel, feared the bill could undermine their legitimacy and connection to the Jewish state. Though some experts on conversion in Israel suggested those concerns were overblown and the bill was only in the preliminary stages of legislation, the issue nonetheless threatened to drive a wedge between Israel and Jews abroad. The Jewish Federations of North America, an umbrella group, released a statement praising the decision, while the liberal Reform movement said Netanyahu had succeeded in "preventing significant damage to the unity of the Jewish people." The Conservative movement praised him for stopping a bill that "could have divided the Jewish people."

2010: From L.A. to Cedar Rapids and points unknown, family and many friends celebrate the birthday of Charlene Wolfe, a “balabus” par excellence.

2010((12th of Av, 5770):  Daniel Schorr, whose aggressive reporting over 70 years as a respected broadcast and print journalist brought him into conflict with censors, the Nixon administration and network superiors, died today at the age of 93. (As reported by Robert D. Hershey, Jr)


http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/24/business/media/24schorr.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

2010: In “At War With Itself” Leo Damrosch provides a detailed reviews of Dreyfus: Politics, Emotion and the Scandal of the Century by Ruth Harris.

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/25/books/review/Damrosch-t.html

2011: In Iowa City, Agudas Achim Sisterhood's annual Mitzvah Fund Event will include this evening’s University Repertory Theater production of Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers."

2011: The Daniel Ori Trio is scheduled to perform three sets of originals and new arrangements from the upcoming album Emuna at the Barn Next Door in NYC.

2011: Ten of thousands gathered in central Tel Aviv tonight for a mass rally against soaring housing prices and Israel's high cost of living. The rally, which was the biggest social issues demonstration in Israel in years, brought together people from "tent cities" across the country, who have been holding camp over the past week, as well as tens of thousands of other Israelis from all walks of life. Chanting “we want social justice, not charity” and “the people want social justice”, the protesters marched from Habima Square to the Tel Aviv Museum, where they held the rally. Overcome with emotion, Dafni Leef, one of the organizers and the first woman to call for the tent protest, said “I never believed this would happen – we are not alone. “We got so used to hurting alone, and our desperation was so great….in my entire life I never thought I would give up my apartment and find my home. We are in the street, and we must stay in the street!” “A roof over your head is the most basic thing, that all of us deserve. There are people who are fighting every day in order to have this roof over their heads. I as a young woman feel that I am almost there,” Leef said, adding “everyone, all of this generation, we are one,” to thunderous applause. The rally was the largest event yet in the social movement that started last week with a small tent city set up on Rothschild Boulevard and quickly turned into a phenomenon, launching copycat tent cities across the country. The protest movement was launched after 26-year-old Tel Avivian Leef's landlord raised her rent and she opened a Facebook page calling for Israelis to camp out in Rothschild to protest the country's housing costs. The description on the Facebook page for today's march frames the event as one of historic proportions, on par with the November 1947 vote on UN Resolution 181, which called for the creation of a Jewish state and an Arab state in the British-ruled Palestinian mandate. Ïf the coming Shabbat was (kaf tet b')November 1947, would you have stayed at home on Facebook or gone out to the streets? This coming Shabbat, July 23rd, 2011, is the Kaftet b'november of our generation." The message says that all of the tent cities from across the country will meet up at Habima Square in Tel Aviv, "our personal Tahrir square...Only 200 meters from where the independence of the state was established." The message ends by calling on potential participants to take part because "this is our country and it is time for them to give it back." Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu is expected to unveil a new plan to address the housing shortage as early as tomorrow. The plan is expected to include solutions for young couples, students, and recently released soldiers. Netanyahu worked on the plan in a meeting yesterday with Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz, Housing and Construction Minister Ariel Atias, and Prime Minister's Office director-general Eyal Gabai. The prime minister instructed Steinitz and Atias to work on a plan that will soon be presented to the public.

2011: The first-ever reunion of the Ritchie Boys began today at the Holocaust Memorial Center in Farmington Hills, Michigan.

2011(21st of Tammuz, 5771): Jewish-British singer Amy Winehouse, whose hit single "Rehab" became the anthem for troubled celebrity culture, has been found dead at her home in north London, Sky News reported today.



2011(21st of Tammuz, 5771): Ninety-two year old Robert C.W. Ettinger, the “founding father” of the cryonics movement, passed away today. (As reported by Paul Vitello)

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/30/us/30ettinger.html



2012: Shiva services for Lauren Becker, of blessed memory, are scheduled to be held at the home of her father Harold in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.



2012: “One Day After Peace” is scheduled to have its American premiere at the San Francisco Jewish Film Festival.



2012: The Knesset Control Committee is scheduled to discuss the aspects of the annual State Comptroller’s Report that deal with the Temple Mount, including security and unsupervised building. (As reported by Melanie Lidman)



2012: As it prepares to move to its new location, members of Agudas Achim under the leadership of Rabbi Jeff Portman gather at the Agudas Achim Cemetery to bury old prayersbooks, bibles, talisim and other religious artifacts in the time honored manner of the Jewish people.



2012: Today Pesident Shimon Peres condemned Syrian government statements that it would deploy chemical weapons in the event of a foreign invasion, and said Israel would do whatever it takes to eliminate the threat these weapons pose to the Jewish state.(As reported by Ilan Ben Zion)

http://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-will-stop-threat-of-syrian-chemical-weapons-peres-warns/





2012: DNA evidence believed to belong to the culprit and his female accomplice in last week’s bombing at the Burgas Airport was reportedly found at the Hotel Perfekt in Varna, Bulgaria, Bulgarian TV station BTV reported today (As reported by Aaron Kalman and Ilan Ben Zion)

http://www.timesofisrael.com/police-suspect-women-involved-in-burgas-terror-attack/







2013: The 17th annual Jerusalem 3x3 Streetball tournament sponsored by the Jerusalem Municipality is scheduled to open at Safra Square.

2013: From Cedar Rapids to California and lots of other places, people celebrate the birthday of Charlene Wolff, a culinary wizard and pillar of the Jewi

2013: Coalition and Labor MKs praised the passing of the government's haredi enlistment plan in its first reading today, after a long debate in which haredi MKs used creative means to demonstrate their opposition. (As reported by Lahav Harkov)

http://www.timesofisrael.com/haredi-mks-mourn-as-draft-bill-passes-first-reading/

http://www.jpost.com/LandedPages/PrintArticle.aspx?id=320731

2013: Prince William and Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge walked out St. Mary’s Hospital with their infant who was born in the Lindo Wing which was named for Frank Charles Lindo, a member of a famous British Sephardi family who paid for the wing in 1937.

2014: The Historic Sixth & I Synagogue is scheduled to host “The Great Walk of Chinatown” which explores the history of this unique Washington neighborhood.

2014: “The US Federal Aviation Administration barred flights to Israel this evening for 24 hours, citing security concerns” but El Al continues with its full flight schedule. (As reported by Raphael Ahren)

http://www.timesofisrael.com/us-carriers-suspend-flights-to-israel-over-rocket-scare/

2014: Oren Shaul who was identified today as the seventh of the soldiers “caught in in a deadly ambush in Gaza City’s Shejaiya area” was reported missing in action and presumed dead despite claims from Hamas that he is there prisoner. (As reported by Mitch Ginsburg)

2014: “French Prime Minister Manuel Valls denounced anti-Zionism as anti-Semitism. “Anti-Semitism, this old European disease,” he said in a speech, has taken “a new form. It spreads on the Internet, in our popular neighborhoods, with a youth that has lost its points of reference, has no conscience of history, and who hides itself behind a fake anti-Zionism.”

2014: The 97th National Convention of Hadassah is scheduled to come to an end in Las Vegas.

2015: Dr. Ori Z. Soltes is scheduled to lead a private tour for those wishing to “learn more about Sy Gresser's sculptures while viewing the exhibition ‘Stone, Silence, and Speech.’”

2015: The Museum of Jewish Heritage is scheduled to host two performances of “My Report to the World” The Story of Jan Karski.”

2015(7th of Av, 5775): Eighty-eight year old obesity specialist, Dr. Jules Hirsch passed away in Englewood, NJ.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/jules-hirsch-physician-scientist-who-reframed-obesity-dies-at-88/2015/08/02/b0b0425c-378c-11e5-9739-170df8af8eb9_story.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/30/science/jules-hirsch-pioneer-in-obesity-studies-is-dead-at-88.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=0



2015: The Naomi Prawer Kadar International Yiddish Summer Program at Tel Aviv University is scheduled to come to an end today.

2015: The Friends and family of Charlene Wolfe are excited to share in what she calls “a milestone” birthday as she turns 75.

2015: In “Why Is It So Hard to Get a Great Bagel in California?” published today Elizabeth Weil wonders why bakers in San Francisco have so much trouble replicating the product produced in New York City.

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/26/magazine/why-is-it-so-hard-to-get-a-great-bagel-in-california.html?action=click&pgtype=Homepage&version=Moth-Visible&module=inside-nyt-region&region=inside-nyt-region&WT.nav=inside-nyt-region&_r=0



2016: Under the leadership of Israeli-born choreographer Zvi Gotheiner, ZviDance is scheduled to perform at the Doris Duke Theatre.

2016: The funeral was held today for Heshy Jacob “the Lower East Side’s last Jewish power broker.” (As reported by Josh Nathan-Kazis)

https://forward.com/news/national/345770/how-one-funeral-and-2-dead-men-walking-herald-epic-shift-on-the-jewish-lowe/?utm_content=daily_Newsletter_MainList_Title_Position-1&utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=New%20Daily%202016-07-24&utm_term=The%20Forward%20Today%20Monday-Friday



2016: PININA featuring the choreography is scheduled to open Sally-Anne Friedland at Peridance Capezio Center.

2017: Scott “Blumstein, 25, of Brigantine, New Jersey, pulled a deuce on the river — the final card of a poker round — to win with a pair of twos in a dramatic finish today to poker’s most prestigious event.” (As reported by Marc Brodsky)

2017: The New York Times featured reviews books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Great Nadar: The Man Behind the Camera by Adam Begley, Young Radicals: In the War for American Ideals by Jeremy McCarter which includes a portrait of Walter Lippmann and We Crossed a Bridge and it Trembled: Voices from Syria by Wendy Pearlman as well as an interview with Calvin Trillin.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/20/books/review/calvin-trillin-by-the-book.html?ref=headline&nl_art=&te=1&nl=book-review&emc=edit_bk_20170721

2017: The San Francisco Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host a screening of “Keep the Change” and “a live performance from the Marcus Shelby Quartet” today.

2017: “West pf the Jordan River” and “In Her Footsteps” are scheduled to be shown on the last day of the Jerusalem Film Festival.

2017: “Menorah: Worship, History, Legend” that featured “roughly 130 artifacts, including menorahs from different periods and depictions of them in paintings, sarcophagi, sculptures and medieval and Renaissance drawings and manuscripts” and has been on displayed “simultaneously at both the Jewish Museum as well as the Braccio di Carlo Magno Museum in the Vatican” is scheduled to come to a close today.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/20/world/europe/vatican-rome-menorah-exhibit-jewish-museum.html

2018: The Arthur and Rochelle Belfer National Conference for English Language Arts Educators which is designed to “introduce participants to the”  United States Holocaust Memorial “Museum’s pedagogical approaching to teaching about the Holocaust, as well as Museum resources” is scheduled to open today.

2018: With violence a reality on the Gaza border, Israelis show that they can still life to the fullest with Besarabia scheduled to host “Open Jam and Mic”

2018: The world awakes to a mixed bag of news from Israel’s north with Syrians claiming that the IAF has struck a base manned by Iran’s Revolutionary Guards and approval from the civilized world for Israeli’s daring rescue of the White Hats.

2019 is scheduled to present a session of “The Beginnings of Modern Jewish Literature” during which Eugene Orenstein analyzes “the rise of Modern Yiddish literature as a result of the struggle between Hasidism and Haskalah (the Jewish Enlightenment movement.”

2019: In San Francisco, CinéArts Palo Alto is scheduled to host a free screening of “The Rabbi Goes West,” a film “about a haredi guy,” Chabad Rabbi Chaim Bruk, “who uproots himself from everything he knows to move to” Montana.

2019: In New York, the Quad Cinema is scheduled to host a screening “The Other Story” directed Avi Nesher.

2019: “The Canadian Friends of Hebrew University (CFHU) and the University of Alberta” are scheduled to co-sponsor a lecture by Hebrew University Professor Yoram Yovell the “psychiatrist, brain researcher, psychoanalyst and author of “two best sellers”

2019: The San Francisco Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host screenings of “King Bibi” and “Made in Auschwitz: The Untold Story of Block 10.”

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