Thursday, January 10, 2019

This Day, January 11, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

January 11

66(28th of Tevet, 3826): The Sanhedrin elected Joseph ben Gorion and the High Priest Anan as the administrative heads of the government of Judea replacing King Agrippa

314: Militades, who was the Pope when Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Toleration which effectively recognized Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, passed away.

347: Birthdate of Theodosius I the last emperor to rule both the western and eastern portion of the Roman Empire. As powerful as Theodosius may appeared to be, he was no match for the rising power of the Christian church leaders. When a bishop had incited a group of his followers to burn down a synagogue, Theodosius ordered the bishop to pay for re-building the Jewish house of worship. But Ambrose, the Bishop of Milan, overruled the Emperor contending, according to one source, that Christian money should not be used to pay for Jewish things.

630: As Islam begins its march into North Africa, East Asia and parts of Europe with all that that will mean to the Jewish people for the next millennium and half, Mohammed conquers Mecca.

1313: The Council of Zamora (Spain) made a ruling which was allegedly based on a ruling by Pope Clement V, in which he allowed the Christians to legally deny accruing any interest on loans from Jews.

1654: One day after he passed away on what was his 74th birthday, David Nieto, the Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue community in London was buried today in the Velho Sephardic Cemetery.

1728: One day after he had passed away David Nieto, “the Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish community and the father of Isaac Nieto, his successor, was buried today at the “Velho Sephardic Cemetery.”

1755: Birthdate of Alexander Hamilton, aide to General George Washington, ardent Federalist and the 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton was in Charleston, a city on Nevis, an island in the West Indies. He was the son of James A. Hamilton and Rachel Facucett Lavien. Although the facts are a little murky, it would appear that Hamilton’s mother was Jewish.  She had left her husband, Johann Michael Lavien, a Jewish planter before she began her affair with Hamilton was a married man.  Since Hamilton was born out of wedlock, he could not go to school at the school run by the Church of England.  Instead he attended classes at a Jewish private school.  If Hamilton’s mother was indeed Jewish and not just a woman married to a Jew, he would be Jewish according to Halachah. Hamilton never identified himself as a Jew and lived his life in New York as a Christian.

1771: Sixty-six year old Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens the author of Lettres Juives (The Jewish Spy) passed away today.

1775: Francis Salvador of South Carolina became the first Jew to be elected to a state legislature. An ardent patriot, Salvador lost his life and his hair while fighting the Cherokees who were allies of the British.

1787: William Herschel discovered the Uranian moons Titania and Oberon. Herschel’s ethnic origins are part of an oft told tale among Germans of this period. William Herschel was the son of German Jew named Isaac Herschel. Isaac married a Christian woman and the children, including William, were raised as Christians.

1792: Mordecai Davis married Sarah Jacobs today at the Great Synagogue.

1796: One day after she had passed away, Keila Fuerth, the wife of Simon Fuerth, was buried today at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.”

1799: A state of siege was declared in Jerusalem, as Napoleon approached Gaza and Jaffa.

1805: In Cuneo, Piedmont, Solomon Jehiel Raphael ha-Kohen and his wife gave birth to Italian rabbi and educator Lelio (Hillel) Della Torre who was raised by his uncle Rabbi Sabbatai Elhanan Treves because his father passed away when he was two years old.

1805: Birthdate of Lewis Feuchtwanger, the German born American chemist who was the husband of Augusta Levy with whom he had five children.

1808: Birthdate of novelist Abraham Mapu.

1818: Fanny Joseph, the wife of Reuben Joseph and the mother of Judah, Joseph and Simon Joseph was buried today in the United Kingdom.

1819: In Bridgetown, Barbados, Esther Hannah (Montefiore) Levi and Isaac gave birth to Jacob Isaac Levi Montefiore. His brothers were Edward Levi Montefiore and George Levi Montefiore. In 1835, he moved to Sydney, Australia, assumed his mother’s name and became a successful merchant and investment banker.  He passed away at Norwood, London in 1885.

1824: Hayman Levy, the son of Solomon and Rebecca Eve Levy and his wife Almeria Levy gave birth to Rosalie Alice Salomon.

1841(18th of Tevet, 5601): Seventy six year old Abraham Oppenheimer, the husband of Reina (Rachel) Oppenheimer passed away in his hometown of Gemdem, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany.

1843: Moses Angel, the headmaster at the Jews’ Free School (JFS) married Rebekah Godfrey with whom he had six children – three boys and three girls.

1846: Two days after he was murder at Seward’s Café, 59 year old Simon Levy was buried at “the Westomount Cemetery” on the Isle of Jersey.

1846(13th of Tevet, 5606): Forty-two year old German physician and publisher Johann Jacob (Joseph Isidor) Sachs passed away today at Nordhausen.

1849: Birthdate of Dr. Oskar Lassar, famed German dermatologist. He also developed a public bath house system designed to give improve the hygiene of the less fortunate.

1856: Jesse and Henriette Seligman gave birth to Harvard rower Theodor David Seligman, the husband of Florence Walston.

1859:  Birthdate of Lord George Nathaniel Curzon. Curzon was one of two members of the British Cabinet who were opposed to the Balfour Declaration; the other was a Jew, Edwin Samuel Monatgue. In the end, Curzon did vote to accept the declaration. In the 1920’s Curzon served as Foreign Secretary. He negotiated the agreement that resulted in Egypt gaining her independence. He also oversaw the division of the British Mandate in Palestine which resulted in the creation of the Kingdom of Jordan on the land east of Jordan River. Some Jewish leaders decried this as an illegal act.  When partition was later proposed for the land west of the Jordan, many opposed it saying that Curzon’s earlier partition had already given the Arabs their state.  For a time, Winston Churchill was one of those who made that argument. 

1860: Two factions clashed today at a contentious meeting of the shareholders of the Great Eastern that took place today at the London Tavern in the UK.  One faction was led by the Chairman, a man named Campbell.  The other was led by Simon Magnus, a English Jew who had made his fortune in the coal industry.

1864: In New York, Frederick Loeser, the founder of Frederick Loeser and Company, and his wife gave birth to Charles Alexander Loeser, the Harvard graduate and husband of pianist of Olga Lebert Kaufman who created one of the great collection of “early Renaissance art furniture” while living in Florence.

1873: “The Persecuted Hebrews” published today described efforts by the government of the United States to ameliorate the suffering of the Jews of Romania.  Among other things the U.S. Ambassador in Vienna has enlisted the help of the Austrian government in an attempt to pressure the Prince of Romania to improve the conditions of the Jews living in Moldavia and Wallachia.

1881: In Georgetown, SC, “Louis Seigman Ehrich” and “Cornelia C. Sampson Ehrich” gave birth Dr. William Seigman Ehrich, who for most of his career “was a surgeon at Evansville State Hospital.”

1882: The London Times published the first of two articles that had been “smuggled over the Lithuanian border” that described the pogroms taking place in Russia.

1884: “Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler, a brilliant pianist who emerged in the young, male-dominated American concert world of the 1880s” made “her American debut as a professional” today “with Chicago’s Beethoven Society.”

1885: Rabbi Lazare Eliezer Wogue, who was “chair of Jewish theology at the Ecole Centale Rabbinque at Metz” “was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor” today.

1888(27th of Tevet, 5648): Prominent Jewish businessman Jacob Magnus passed away.  He was buried in Balls Pond Jewish Cemetery, Islington, Middlesex, England.

1888(27th of Tevet, 5648): Sixty-four year old Joshua be Aaron Zeitlin “the scholar and philanthropist’ who was awarded a medal by Czar Alexander for his services a contractor for the Russian Army during the Russo-Turkish War passed away today.

1888: In South Carolina, Frank R. Fisher married May Helen Valentine today.

1890: It was reported today that during December, the Unite Hebrew Charities provided assistance to 3,578 people who belonged to 778 families in the amount of $3,381.50 while giving $210 to “87 transients.”

1890: It was reported today that Jacob Schiff has given ten thousand dollars “to Harvard University for the establishment of a museum for the study of the literature, history and remains of the Semitic people” (When Harvard decided to change its admission policies because it had too many Jews, it did not return the funds because it had too much Jewish money)

1891: The 8th annual meeting of the patrons and members of the Hebrew Technical Institute was held this morning at 10:30 at 34 Stuyvesant Street where it was reported that 150 students are now attending the school which began with only 28 students.

1891(2nd of Shevat, 5651): Samuel Joseph Fuenn, the Talmudic scholar who was born at Vilnius in 1819 whose works include Shenot Dor we-Dor, a chronology of Biblical history, passed away today.

1891: It was reported today that many of the famous 19th century scholars “were very unhappy at school.”  This included Heinrich Heine who according the “Reisebilder, “used to pray to a big crucifix ‘O Thou, Poor Deity, if it be possible grant that I may remember the irregular verbs.”

1892: It was reported today that Baron de Hirsch refused to accept payment from the North American Review for an article he had written for the July edition and had instructed the editor, Lloyd S. Price to send the check for $250 to the Hebrew Technical Institute.

1892: Simon Borg, Sol B. Solomon and Abraham Herrman continue to serve as trustees the Hebrew Technical Institute even though their terms were supposed to end yesterday because a fight over the by-laws prevented elections from taking place.

1893: A large house and saloon belonging to David Sampson, a Jewish resident of Elizabeth, NJ, burned down today.

1893(23rd of Tevet, 5653): Fifty-seven year old Viennese born lawyer and author Daniel Spitzer passed away today.

1893: Commissioner Adolph L. Sanger “was chosen President of the School Board” in New York today. A native of Baton Rouge, Sanger was a graduate of CCNY and Columbia and had served as President of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.

1894: It was reported today that Henry Pereira Mendes, the rabbi at Shearith Israel who was shot two years ago by a Jew named Joseph Misrachee  has been threatened by an unnamed “mendicant who boasted that he was “one of Mizrachee’s fellows.” The police take the threat so seriously that they have assigned detectives to find the man who made approached the rabbi.

1894: In Baltimore, Rabbi Tobias Schonfarber officiated at the marriage of Mrs. Ida McKenna and Jacob G. Schonfarber, the editor of The Journal of the Knights of Labor.

1895: Birthdate of New York native Abraham Wolf Binder, the professor at the New York Jewish Institute of Religion who served as music director of the Free Synagogue from 1926 until his death 40 years later during which he time he wrote and composed a wide variety of religious and secular music.

1895: As part of the Dreyfus Affair, Major Ferdinand Esterhazy faces a court-martial where he is confronted by Colonel Georges Picquart who offers indisputable evidence of Esterhazy’s guilt and Dreyfus’ innocence. As had happened previously when Picquart had presented his evidence to the deputy chief of staff, the court attacks Picquart and disregards his testimony.

1896: It was reported today that “the United Hebrew Trades and Halevy Singing Society” were among the organization who took part at ceremonies memorializing the late champion of Russian freedom Sergey Mikhaylovich Stepnyak-Kravchinsky

1896: Based on information that first appeared in the Philadelphia Ledger, it was reported today that Dr. Paul Haupt, a professor at Johns Hopkins University delivered a lecture “under the auspices of the Gratz College Trustees at Mickve Israel ” on the subject of “The Site of Paradise and the Babylonian Nimrod Epic.”

1897: Birthdate of Rudzin, Russia native and husband of Rebecca Russoff, Hyman Solokov who lived in England from 1901 to 1907 and then moved to Winnepeg where during WW I he joined the Jewish Legion serving as a signaler until demobilized in October 1919 after which he pursued a career in journalism and the law.

1897: It was reported today that during the 13 years of its existence the Hebrew Technical Institute in New York “has graduated 239 students” all of whom but five are still alive.  Approximately 75% of the graduates are employed in some kind of “mechanical occupation” which consistent with the kind of training offered by the Institute.  (More for 2014)

1898: It was reported that the late Rudolph Hertzog was unpopular with German Jews because he refused to employ his co-religionists in his dry goods stores.

1898: After overcoming considerable opposition because of his origins, Herman P. Faust, a converted Jew will be ordained as Presbyterian minister.

1898: Anti-Semitic riots broke out in Paris after Ferdinand Esterhazy was acquitted  by a secret French Military Court of charges that he, and not Dreyfus, was the spy who had sold military secrets to the Germans.

1899: It was reported today that in the deposition that had been cabled from Cayenne to Paris by Alfred Dreyfus, the convicted Captain denied that he had ever made a confession “to a Republican Guard or Gendarme’ including Captain Lebrun-Renault and Colonel du Paty de Calm.  He has “always declared that his innocence would be proved in two or three years.

1899: It was reported today that “the Dreyfus affair has…entered one of its bitterest chapters” when Jules Quesnay de Beaurepaire, the President of the Court of Cassation (France’s court of final appeals) discredited his colleagues as having conspired with the Dreyfusards in making their upcoming decision on the Captain’s final appeal.  He thought they were going to overturn the conviction, a move that he opposed as an “antidreyfusard” who sought to become leader of the French right wing.

1902: Jewey Cooke won the English Gold & Silver Belt lightweight boxing competition in London. (As reported by Bob Wechsler)

1903: Birthdate of Lemberg native Jako Rosenfeld the survivor of Dachau and Buchenwald who found refuge in the Shanghai which led him to serving with Mao’s People’s Liberation Army where he was “known as General Luo.”

1904: In Limerick, Ireland, after “Father John Creagh, a Redemptorist, gave a sermon attacking Jews” the Jews living on Colooney Street closed their shops and “remained locked in their homes” as the “menacing mobs” moved through the Jewish neighborhood.

1904: Birthdate of New York City native Alexander Samalman the editor of several science fiction publications.

1905 (5th of Shevat): Chasdic Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter passed away in Góra Kalwaria, Poland. He was born in Warsaw in 1847. When he was young his father died, so that when it came time to lead the Ger Hasidic dynasty, he was under-age and he refused the mantle of leadership for many years. Eventually his followers succeeded in gaining his assent for him to become their leader as Rebbe. Thus he succeeded his grandfather, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter, as the second Rebbe of the Ger dynasty of Chasidic Judaism. He was a prodigious scholar and his work the Sfas Emes (or Sfat Emet) deals with the legalistic Talmud, the ethics of Midrash, and mysticism of the Zohar. During the Russo-Japanese War many of his young followers were drafted into the Russian Army and sent to the battlefields in Manchuria. Alter was very worried over these devotees and would constantly write to them. It began to be detrimental to his health. He was only 57 when he passed away. He was succeeded by his son Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter. Following the Holocaust, the Ger dynasty became a large movement in Israel.

1907: Birthdate of Pierre Mendes France French political leader who was Prime Minister of France during the Fourth Republic

1908: In the Bronx, two Russian-Jewish immigrants gave birth to Lionel Jay Stander, the gravelly voiced actor who had a career in movies, radio, theatre and television where young viewers might best remember him as the butler on the television hit “Hart to Hart” but whose career suffered because his labor activism and the infamous Blacklist.

1911: Birthdate of Berlin native Brunhilde Pomsel who went from being “a stenographer for a Jewish lawyer” to serving as “the personal stenographer for Joseph Goebbels.”

1912: Morris Hillquit debated fellow Socialist “Big Bill” Haywood at New York City’s Cooper Union.  Haywood who had no qualms about violent action, claimed that Hilliquit had a betrayed the “class struggle” by helping the garment workers negotiate a contract with their employers.

1912: Blanche Bloom is scheduled to provide the entertainment at this afternoons meeting of the Deborah and Deborah Junior Society in the Sinai Vestry Rooms in Chicago.

1912: “It was estimated that approximately $10,000 was raised at “the charity ball given” tonight “at the Coliseum” by the Federated Orthodox Jewish Charities which was attended by “three thousand Chicago Jews.”

1912: The Russian consul in New York City refused to grant a visa to Jewish journalist Herman Bernstein.

1915: Dr. Shmaryahu Levin, a former member of the Russian Duma now living in the United States today “advocated a national loan to save the Jewish nation saying “that unless immediate steps are taken to save the Jews in Russian and Austria, this war will wipe them out.”

1915: “Jews The Chief Sufferers” published today carried a summary of the belief of Rabbi David de Sola Pool that “if Poland should receive her freedom” they “would be in a worse position than they are now” and that “their lot will be equally hard if Poland” becomes part of Germany.

1915: As of today, the American Jewish Relief Committee has raised nearly $300,000 for relief work from contributors all over the country including the J.P. Morgan & Co.

1916(6th of Shevat, 5676): Ninety year old merchant Morris Einstein of Chicago passed away today.

1916: “The possibilities in the field of Jewish evangelization were discussed by a hundred Christian leaders representing societies that have established more than 50,000 churches” in the United States.

1916: “The American Jewish Relief Committee authorized” today “the distribution of almost a half million dollars to the Jews suffering from the war” including $100,000 for the general relief of the Jews in Russia.

1916: It was announced that “the campaign of organizing braches of industries as collecting units” for the American Jewish Relief Committee “was progressing favorably.”

1916: It was reported today that Abraham Isaac "Abe" Shiplacoff, the Socialist New York Assemblyman has introduced legislation aimed at getting President Wilson to get the “belligerent nations” to improve their treatment of the Jews in Europe.

1917: As of today, the fund totaling between $30,000 and $40,000 “which the Central Conference of American Rabbis has raised in the last twenty years” for the purpose of providing pensions for “for superannuated rabbis” has grown by one hundred thousand dollars thanks to a contribution in that sum made by Jacob H. Schiff in honor of his recent birthday.

1918: Birthdate of composer Albert Weisser.

1918: It was reported today that the “population of Berlin is dived, roughly into three classes” including “the middle class which loves Ludendorff because he gives high posts in the army to Jews…” (Editor’s note – this contemporaneous comment stands at odds with Ludendorff being one of the prime originiators of the “stabbed in the myth back” and his consorting with Hitler in 1923)

1919: Romania’s Jewish population grew today when it annexed Transylvania. Romania promised that it would grant full emancipation to its Jewish population at the time of the annexation.  The changes were met with opposition by the National Christian Defense League and riots by right-wing students.

1921: A month before assuming his responsibilities at the Colonial Office, Winston Churchill “was in Paris where he discussed” Middle East policy with French President Alexandre Millerand, “who criticized Britain’s support for a Jewish National Home.”

1921:In Budapest, Helene Peto, “a Vienna-born homemaker and Emil Peto, a commodities broker gave birth to Judith Marianne Peto who gained fame as Judith Lieber, the luxury handbag doyenne who “was the first woman to become an apprentice and then master in the Hungarian handbag guild. She survived World War II in hiding and met her husband—an American soldier—on the streets of Budapest. A GI Bride, she moved to the United States and began working as a pattern maker and later foreman at a handbag company before launching her own company in 1963. Lieber's small firm quickly grew, and she soon opened a factory to produce her designs. Today, Lieber's handbags, still made in the United States by skilled artisans, are cherished by celebrities and collectors alike. In 1953, throngs of guests and reporters turned out to see the Judith Lieber bag carried by Maimie Eisenhower at her husband's inauguration; every first lady since Nancy Reagan has carried one. Although she retired from designing handbags in 1998, many of her most famous lines, including the classic beaded Chatelaine, are still in production. Her bags have been featured in numerous art exhibitions and are included in the collections of London's Victoria and Albert Museum, New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., among others.

1922: Insulin was first administered to a human patient with diabetes in Toronto, Canada. The study of the pancreas and the function of insulin took place over many decades and took the efforts of numerous scientists. As you would imagine some of these were Jewish. Two of these were Oscar Minkowski who played a key role in establishing the relationship between the pancreas and diabetes and Rosalyn Sussman Yalow who received the 1977 Nobel Prize in Medicine for the development of the radioimmunoassay for insulin.

1922: Release date for “Foolish Wives” billed as Hollywood’s “first million-dollar move” written, directed and co-starring Erich von Stroheim, co-produced by Irving Thalberg and Carl Laemmie with music by Sigmund Romberg.

1922: Birthdate of Lawrence Garfinkel, an epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society who helped design landmark studies that linked smoking to lung cancer. (As reported by Denise Grady)

1923: In Witten, Germany, “Heinrich Nolte, a primary school headmaster, and the former Anna Bruns” gave birth to “Ernst Nolte, a German revisionist historian who broke academic taboos by equating Nazism with Bolshevism and who was denounced as an apologist for Hitler and even the Holocaust.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1927: Birthdate of Gerald Gold, the Brooklyn native who as an editor for the New York Times “helped supervise the herculean task of combing through a secret 2.5-million-word Defense Department history of the Vietnam War, later known as the Pentagon Papers, to produce articles showing that officials had lied about the war…” (As reported by Douglas Martin)

1927: In New York, at the Sigmund Schwartz Undertaking Rooms, “two thousand friends and former associates of Sam Paul” attended his funeral where Dr. Edward Lissman of Riverside Temple delivered the eulogy

1928: The Boston Transcript reported that 27 year old Albert “Dolly” Stark the freshman basketball coach at Dartmouth who umpired more than 50 college games last year and has umpired in the Eastern League “will be named as National League umpire” later this month. (Editor’s Note – No mention was made of the fact that Stark was the first major league umpire in the modern era)

1928: Birthdate of David Wolper “an award-winning movie and television producer best known for the groundbreaking mini-series Roots.”

1929: Birthdate of Rafael "Raful" Eitan, the native of Afula who became Chief of Staff of the IDF, an MK and Deputy Prime Minister of Israel.

1930: Max Posnack scored seven points to lead St. John’s to victory over CCNY. (As reported by Bob Wechsler)

1930: “The Kibitzer” a comedy with a screenplay co-authored by Sam Mintz, Edward G. Robinson, Viola Brothers Shore and Jo Swerling was released today in the United States.

1931: In New York City. Dorothy Belle (née Feiner) and Richard Rodgers, the noted composer gave birth to Mary Rodger the author of children’s books who wrote songs with lyricist Sammy Cahn.

1931: Governor Franklin Roosevelt and Mayor Jimmy Walker were among the dignitaries who expressed their sense of loss when informed that Nathan Straus had passed away today.

1933: In Hamburg, Germany, the Altona Confession was issued by area pastors. In light of the confusing political situation and the developing Nazi influence on the State Church, it offered Scriptural guidelines for those seeking lead a Christian life.

1934(24th of Tevet, 5694): R' Yekusiel Yehuda Greenwald, the son of Zisel and Rabbi Moshe Greenwald and the husband of Rachel Greenwald and Tzipra Greenwald, passed away today.

1935: “Romance In Manhattan” a comedy starring Francis Lederer was released today in the United States.

1935: Hakibbutz Hadati, the religious kibbutz movement was founded. Actually, the movement was styled after the moshav, which allowed for ownership of private property. It was affiliated with the HaPoel Ha Mizrachi movement the religious Zionist Labor Organization. Its idea was to combine religious life and labor in a communal agricultural settlement the first being Tirat Tzvi

1935: “The Night Is Young” produced by Harry Rapf based on a story by Vicki Baum was released today in the United States.

1936: “The London Times, editorially referring to the League” of Nations “refugees report, emphasizes that public charity…can no long cope with the increasing distress of Jewish exiles and that land must be found unless the large numbers afflicted are to remain homeless.”

1936: Today in Warsaw, “the court of appeals upheld the sentence of four anti-Semites to five and a half years each for the murder of a Warsaw Jew during an anti-Jewish riot in June, 1934.

1936: Nobel prize winner Max Plank addressed today’s celebration of the silver jubilee of the founding of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science during which :he paid tribute to the late Professor Fritz Haber, the Nobel Prize winner and inventor of the synthetic nitrate process that enabled Germany to carry on during the war, but whom the National Socialist anti-Jewish campaign drove into exile and suicide and to the late Franz von Mendelssohn, another Jew who was the society’s treasurer until his death in June of 1935.”

1937: The American Jewish Committee reported that in Rumania ‘the anti-Jewish faction has been gaining ground and is coming ‘closer and closer to victory’” thanks, in part, to the propaganda conducted by German Nazi Agents.

1938: Today, “in a move dictated both by humane considerations and a desire to strip the ‘unitarian’ Vargras Government of every possible appearance of Nazism or Fascism, Brazilian authorities have suspended deportation order that would have returned 800 to 1,000 Jewish immigrants who ae illegally in” Brazil.

1938(9th of Shevat, 5698):  Sixty-nine year old Baron Anthony Denis Maurice George de Worms, the noted English philatelist who was the son of George de Worms and Louisa de Samuel and the husband of Louisa Matilda Goldsmidt with whom he had three children – Charles, George and Violet Henrietta  de Worms --  passed away today.

1939: Official figures published tonight show that there are 250,000 refugees on Czech soil of whom 20,000 are Jewish and 15,000 are Sudeten Jews.

1941(12th of Tevet, 5701): Seventy-two year old chess champion Emanuel Lasker passed away today in New York City

1942: The Nazis seized 1,500 Jews in Vienna and sent them by train to Riga.

1942: Birthdate of Lewis Katz, the native Camden, NJ whose accomplishment included co-ownership of The Philadelphia Inquirer.

1942: The Los Angeles Times reported that “Charles A. Levine, the ex-junk dealer who claimed the now-obscured fame of being the first trans-Atlantic airplane passenger in 1927, was jailed in New York on a Los Angeles indictment of conspiring to smuggle a German alien into the United States.”

1943: The Höfle Telegram was sent by SS-Sturmbannführer Hermann Höfle to SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann in Berlin listing 1,274,166 total arrivals to the four camps of Aktion Reinhard through the end of 1942, as well as the total arrivals by camp for the last two weeks of 1942.

1943: Birthdate of Steven Neil Posner, the Baltimore native “who with his father, Victor, was caught up in a major corporate raiding case that led to the convictions of Ivan F. Boesky and Michael R. Milken”

1943(5th of Shevat, 5703): Forty-six year old public relations adviser Louis Popkin who had worked in the campaigns of Governor Herbert Lehman and served as publicity director for the Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies as well as directing the publicity for fund-raising appeals by Beth Israel Hospital and the Jewish federation of St. Louis passed away today

1944: “Rabbi Barnett R. Brickner said today that he had been particularly impressed by the good care taken of American soldiers in all the theatres he had visited, including India, the Persian Gulf and the Middle East…Rabbi Brickner is administrative chairman of the Committee examining religious activities on behalf of the military as well a member of the National Jewish Welfare Board.” Brickner shared with his religious counterparts “the task of making a survey of the morale” of America’s fighting men and women.

1944(15th of Tevet, 5704): Sixty-seven year old Hermann Struck the German born Jewish artist who won the Iron Cross First Class for his service in the Kaiser’s Army during the World War and who made Aliyah in 1922 where he taught at the Bezalel Academy and helped to establish the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, passed away today in Haifa/

1944: The Nazis established the Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp.

1945: The deportations of Jews from Hungary to Austria have ended. In Budapest, 120,000 Jews await in protected housing for the arrival of the Red Army. Hungarian Fascist Nyilas thugs entered "protected" Jewish houses throughout Budapest, murdering dozens of residents. A gang of eight Nyilas enter one of the houses and kills 15 men, 26 women and one child. Another group surrounds the Jewish hospital, torturing and killing 95 patients.

1947: In “The Arabs Mobilize” published today Edward P. Morgan provides a snapshot of the preparation for battle taking place in Palestine.

1948: Tonight, “Dr. Emanuel Neumann, president of the Zionist Organization of America arged that arms and equipment be made available ‘at once to the embattled and beleaguered Jews of Palestine, legally, openly and through United Nations channels.’”

1948: Maurice Fischer, the Jewish Agency Representative in Paris sent a telegram demanding that the negotiations with the French over allowing them to see secret British documents recently seized by the Haganah be held in Paris and not in Jerusalem.

1951(4th of Shevat, 5711): Nineteen year old Morris Meshulam, the U.S. Army Corporal who had been captured while fighting against overwhelming odds from attacking Chinese forces “died today either from severe malnutrition or injuries that he received during the battle.”

1956: Birthdate of Israel Yinon, the native of Kfar Saba who became an “internationally acclaimed conductor.”

1957(9th of Shevat, 5717): Fifty-two year old New York City native Morris J. Kandel, the “founder and president of the Bonded Fil Storage Company of New York and the husband of Celia Kandel with whom he had two daughters – Phyllis and Joan – passed away today.

1957: In Savannah, GA, an expanded structure designed to replace the original Mordecai Sheftall Memorial space was dedicated at Mickve Israel.

1957(9th of Shevat, 5717): Eighty-six year old Rose Sutro the older sister of Ottilie Sutro with whom she formed “one of the first recognized duo-piano teams” passed away today.

1958: A two day conference on labor relations held in honor of the late Harry A. Shulman came to end at Yale Law School where he was the Dean.

1960: Boris Segal directed “The Emperor’s Clothes” on tonight’s broadcast of The Play of the Week.

1961: The Egoz, a small boat leased by the Mossad to smuggle Jews from Morocco to Gibraltar, capsized.  All forty-four of the olim drowned, half were children.  After the Egoz disaster, the Jewish Agency and the Mossad worked with threatened Moroccan communities to rescue the children first.  In Operation Mural, 530 Moroccan Jewish children were sent by their families on an ostensible holiday in Switzerland—and, from there, flown to Israel. (As reported by Diana Muir Appelbaum)

1962: Sir Gilbert Mackereth passed away. While serving as a British diplomat in Syria he sought to limit the number of Jews entering Palestine when in 1937 he called for an “increase in border patrol” along the Syrian border “due to the high numbers of Jewish immigrants fleeing Hitler’s Germany.

1962: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Tell It To Groucho” starring Groucho Marx.

1962(6th of Shevat, 5722): Seventy-seven year old book designer and collector Elmer Adler who “began collecting books and prints while working at his family's clothing firm in Rochester, New York” and then moved on to New York where “he established Pynson Printers” and “began publishing The Colophon, A Book Collectors’ Quarterly” after which he created “a Department of Graphic Arts at Princeton University” passed away today.

1965: Morton Halperin and Ina Young gave birth to Mark E. Halperin, American political analyst for Time magazine and and the co-author of Game Change

1967: Birthdate of Quebec native Ronnie Stern “who played in the National Hockey League for 12 seasons with the Vancouver Canucks, Calgary Flames, and San Jose Sharks.”

1968(10th of Tevet, 5728):  Assara B’Tevet

1968(10th of Tevet, 5728): Eighty-one year old Ben Adler, the husband of Blanche Adler and the father of Morris and Frances Adler passed away today in Albany, GA.

1968(10th of Tevet, 5728): Moshe Zvi Segal an eminent Israeli rabbi, linguist and Talmudic scholar passed away. Segal was born in Lithuania in 1876. In 1896, he moved with his family to Scotland and subsequently to London. He was ordained as a rabbi in 1902 and later obtained a degree from Oxford University. He emigrated to the then British Mandate of Palestine in 1926. In 1936 (jointly with Raphael Patai) and again in 1950, Segal was awarded the Bialik Prize for Jewish Thought. In 1954, he was awarded the Israel Prize, for Jewish studies.

1969: In Hollywood, Kenneth Edwin Richards and Kathleen Mary Richards (nee Dugan) gave birth to actress and philanthropist Kyle Egan Richards who converted to Modern Orthodox Judaism when she married her second husband, real estate agent Mauricio Umansky in 1996, the son of Estella Sneider.

1971(14th of Tevet, 5731): Eighty-two year old “English classical pianist” Irene Scharrer passed away today.

1971(14th of Tevet, 5731): Seventy six year old lawyer and New York Politician Philip M. Kleinfeld who retired from the bench last year passed away today.

1971: Israel's population reached 3,000,000.

1972: In New York City, the former Penny Levy, a Jewish social worker and “Charles D. Peet, Jr., a Quaker corporate lawyer gave birth to actress Amanda Peet, the great-granddaughter of Manhattan Borough President Samuel Levy and “theatrical impresario” Samuel Roxy Rothafel.

1972: East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.  East Pakistan had gained its independence from Pakistan as a result of war between India and Pakistan. “The major general who masterminded and spearheaded India’s offensive, and who accepted Pakistan’s surrender, was Jack Frederick Ralph Jacob, the scion of an old Jewish family from Calcutta.” There are no definite numbers available as to the size of the current Jewish population of Bangladesh due to a fear of persecution.

1974: ABC aired the 112th and final episode of the populate comedy-drama “Room 222” created by James L Brooks with theme music created by Jerry Goldsmith.

1974: The United States tour of the Leningrad Kirov Ballet Theatre “was called in part because of public protests over Soviet refusal to allow Valery and Galina Panov to leave for Israel.”

1975: CBS broadcast “The 2000 Year Old Man,” an “animated television special” written by Mel Brooks and Carl Reiner, who also provided the vocalizations

1976: Stephen Sondheim’s “Pacific Overtures” opened on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theatre.

1977: Bollingen Prize is awarded to David Ignatow, the Brooklyn born New Yorker who has published sixteen volumes of poetry and three prose collections. Included in these are Poems, The Gentle Weightlifter, Say Pardon, Figures of the Human, Earth Hard: Selected Poems, Rescue the Dead, Poems: 1934-1969, Facing the Tree, Selected Poems-1975, Tread the Dark, Whisper to the Earth, Leaving the Door Open, Shadowing the Ground, Despite the Plainness of the Day: Love Poems-1991, Against the Evidence, and I Have a Name. He has taught at Columbia, the New School for Social Research, the University of Kentucky, the University of Kansas, York College of the City University of New York, New York University, and Vassar College. At various times he has worked as an editor for the American Poetry Review and Beloit Poetry Journal. The National Institute of Arts and Letters has presented to Mr. Ignatow an award "for a lifetime of creative effort." His work has been recognized also with the Bollingen Prize, two Guggenheim fellowships, the Wallace Stevens fellowship from Yale University, the Rockefeller Foundation fellowship, the Poetry Society of America's Shelly Memorial Award, and an award from the National Endowment for the Arts. He is president emeritus of the Poetry Society of America and a member of the executive board of the Walt Whitman Birthplace Association. Ignatow passed away in 1997.

1977: France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics

1978(3rd of Shevat, 5738): Eighty-four year old criminal defense attorney Samuel Simon Leibowitz who was most famous for his defense of the “Scottsboro Boys” passed away today.

1982: The New York Times includes a review of The Dean’s December. It is Saul Bellow’s ninth novel and his first since he won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1976.

1983(26th of Tevet, 5743): Seventy-seven year old Harold L. Steinfeld the son of Martha Levy and Maurice Steinfeld passed away in Alameda, CA.

1984: Religious women of many backgrounds gathered for a Women of Faith conference sponsored by the American Jewish Committee. (Jewish Women’s Archives)

1984: Birthdate of Oshri Cohen, the Israeli actor who starred in “Beaufort.”

1986: In an article published today famous chef Marian Buros described the delicatessen started by Arnold Reuben as “the quintessential New York restaurant" decorated with "Italian marble, gold-leaf ceiling, lots of walnut paneling and dark red leather seats.”

1986: Sir Malcolm Leslie Rifkind began serving as Secretary of State for Scotland.

1987: The complexities of life in Israel will be the focus of a five-part film series starting today entitled ''A Lens on Israel: Society Through Its Cinema'' at the 92d Street Y.

1988: Israeli television reported tonight that a Palestinian was shot dead in the Khan Yunis refugee district in the Gaza Strip as he tried to grab a soldier's rifle. He was identified by the Palestine Press Service, an Arab-run news agency, as Mustafa Youssef Khadir, 20 years old.

1988(21st of Tevet, 5748): Isidor Isaac Rabi nuclear physicist passed away at the age of 89. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1944. According to Rabbi Fred Davidow, The Healer of Shattered Hearts: A Jewish View of God by David Wolpe contains the following story about Rabi. "The renowned physicist I. I. Rabi was once asked to name the most significant intellectual influence in his life. The interviewer expected to hear "Einstein" or perhaps "Newton." "My mother," Rabi replied instantly. For each day, he explained, when he would come home from cheder ..., his pious mother would say to him, 'So Isaac, did you ask any good questions today?' From her, said Rabi, he learned that the key to wisdom is to ask good questions."

1989: The High Court has overturned an Israeli military censor's ban for the first time, allowing the publication of criticism of the head of the Mossad intelligence agency.

1990: According to reporter Michael Wines, following the invasion of Panama, U.S. officials are still trying to understand the role Mike Harari, a 62-year-old retired agent of the Israeli intelligence service, Mossad, played under the role of General Noriega.

 1992: Paul Simon opens a tour in South Africa. This was his first appearance in South Africa after the boycott of the formerly white supremacist government had ended. Simon played a key role in bringing certain types of African music to Western audiences.

1992: Journalist Amnon Dankner published a biography of Dahn Ben-Amotz

1993: Howard Stern's radio show begins transmitting to Buffalo NY (WKBW).

1933: Birthdate of Parisian native Flora Cross, the daughter of journalist Joseph Cross, whose noted roles included that of “Eliza” in the “Bee Season.

1994: “First Impressions” published today described the first meeting between Benjamin Disraeli and his future wife Mrs. Wyndham Lewis whom he described as “a pretty little woman, a flirt and a rattle, indeed gifted with volubility I should think unequalled and of which I can convey no idea” who “told me she liked silent, melancholy men.”'

1995(10th of Shevat, 5755): Eighty-five year old Russian-born American violinist Josef Gingold passed away today.

1995: Robert Rubin completed his service as Director of the National Economic Council and began serving as the 70th Secretary of the Treasury.

1997: On the third day of, the Red Sea International Music Festival, the festival returns to Eilat where the opera chorus performs an “a capella” concert at 11 A.M. At 9 P.M. attendees are treated to an orchestral concert entitled ''Romeo and Juliet in Music'' with the Berlioz symphony and the Prokofiev ballet suite.

1998: The New York Times featured a review of the paperback edition of Don’t Call It Night by Amos Oz; translated by Nicholas de Lange. “Not surprisingly, the author's latest novel is set in his native Israel, but it is not a landscape of political turmoil and terrorism that he surveys, but one of discordant domesticity between two middle-aged lovers.”

2000: On his return from West Virginia, Prime Minister Ehud Barak tonight broke the silence that governed the closed-door negotiations with Syria to say that the peace talks had reached a ''decisive stage'' in which both sides would have to make difficult decisions. Speaking in a television interview, Mr. Barak said it was impossible to predict whether the round of talks that begins next week would be ''conclusive.'' He said that he had witnessed ''certain fissures in the Syrian rigidity'' but that he was not reading much into them.

2000: “Titus,” the soundtrack for the motion picture of the same name, written by Elliot Goldenthal was released today in the United States by Sony.

2001: As the attempt to control cell phone usage in such places as churches and restaurants heats up Gil Israeli, the chief executive of NetLine, located in Tel Aviv, is quoted as saying that a sign saying ''No Cell Phones'' does not go far enough.

2001: In the following letter-to the editor of the Wall Street Journal the leaders of the Jewish Council for Public Affairs take issue with a column by Ira Stoll that “attacks” Rabbi Yitz Greenberg and U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council.

On behalf of the Jewish Council for Public Affairs (JCPA), which represents 13 national and 123 local Jewish community relations and public affairs organizations throughout the United States, we want to express our dismay over Ira Stoll’s op-ed in the December 29 edition attacking Rabbi Yitz Greenberg. Any reasonable person who has read the full text of Rabbi Greenberg’s speech given last November at the United Jewish Communities’ General Assembly in Chicago -- which provided the selective quotes that formed the basis for Mr. Stoll’s attack -- will conclude that the op-ed is a blatant distortion of reality. Rather than accusing Israeli soldiers and policemen of using excessive force in responding to the recent Palestinian violence, Rabbi Greenberg, Chairman of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council, actually praises them for their restraint under extraordinarily difficult circumstances. He notes that in a small number of cases there may have been an overreaction and that Israeli officials are properly investigating them. Rabbi Greenberg, who has had a long and illustrious career supporting Israel and the Jewish people, was simply doing in this speech what he has been doing for decades -- providing our community with a thoughtful, loving analysis of the dilemmas Israel faces in exercising power in one of the world’s toughest neighborhoods. Mr. Stoll also unfairly attacks the Council that administers the Holocaust Museum. While no institution is beyond criticism, we believe that overall this important institution has done an outstanding job of educating Americans and its many visitors from abroad about the history of the Holocaust and current human rights concerns. We are confident that under Rabbi Greenberg’s inspired leadership the Museum will continue to serve this important function.


Chairperson Leonard A. Cole,

Executive Vice Chairperson Hannah Rosenthal

2002: In “When Jews Found a Place Among European Artists,” published today Grace Glueck provides a fascinating trip through the world of Jewish art as she reviews an exhibition at the New York’s Jewish museum, ''The Emergence of Jewish Artists in 19th-Century Europe''

2002: “Orange County” a comedy directed by Jake Kasdan, produced by Scott Rudin and starring Jack Black was released today in the United States.

2004: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Battle For Rome The Germans, the Allies, the Partisans, and the Pope, September 1943-June 1944 by Robert Katz (author of Black Sabbath, a Holocaust study of the deportation of the Jews of Rome) and The Doctor’s Plague: Germs, Childbed Fever, and the Strange Story of Ignac Semmelweis by Sherwin B. Nuland.

2004: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel said today that he saw no risk that Palestinians could undermine Israel's Jewish identity by gaining a demographic majority, dismissing a reason pressed by some members of his Likud faction for a swift exit from some of the occupied territories

2005: While delivering a speech opposing the disengagement plan from Gaza, Effi Eitam called Prime Minister Sharon a “refuser of democracy.”

2006: The New York Times described the struggle of F Line Bagels to remain open despite attempts by the MTA to stop the owners from selling what has been a traditionally New York Jewish delight in an atmosphere that resembles a sanitized version of a subway station.

2006: Senator Barak Obama visits a remote Israeli town with Chicago ties

2006: The Nation published Elizabeth Holtzman's essay calling for the impeachment of U.S. President George W. Bush for authorizing "the wiretapping of hundreds, possibly thousands, of Americans, in violation of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act."

2007: The free newspaper Israeli which is poised on the brink of closure published its last edition. Israeli is a Hebrew language daily with a press run of 150,000 copies that is handed out free at such locations as bus and train stations, as well as malls and other business centers.

2007: Ruth Dayan was awarded the Partner of Peace Award by the Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam community, a cooperative village of Jews and Arabs mid-way between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv

2007: The Baltimore Jewish community bade farewell to Morton “Sonny” Plant at his funeral held at Chizuk Amuno Congregation.

2007: Representative James “Jim” McGorvern introduced a House Resolution to Reverend Waitstill Sharp and Marsha Sharp for their recognition by Yad Vashem “as Righteous Among the Nations for their heroic efforts to save Jews during the Holocaust.”

2008: Today's edition of the Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles published a detailed report about The Spinka Financial Controversy alongside a number of subsidiary articles.

2008: In New York City, the 92nd Street “Y” presents “Desert Soul Music” featuring Matt Turk and Basya Schechter, the founder of the neo-Chasidic world music band Pharaoh’s Daughter..

2009: In Irvine, CA, Volley Ball Team USA tries out as part of the 18th Maccabiah Games.

2009: BBC Four was devoted to a "Maureen Lipman Night

2009: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Letters of Allen Ginsberg, edited by Bill Morgan, The Selected Letters of Allen Ginsberg and Gary Snyder edited by Bill Morgan and The Journey by H.G. Adler.

2009: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Sashenka, Simon Montefiore's first novel and With Wings Like Eagles by Michael Korda.

2009: A pro-Israel rally was held at Lincolnwood Jewish Congregation this afternoon to respond to the spate of hate crimes and support Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza Strip.

2009: Israel's "Waltz with Bashir" won the Golden Globe for best foreign language film.

2009: Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd delivered a moving eulogy today at the military funeral of a Jewish soldier killed by the Taliban in Afghanistan. At the request of the slain soldier's family, donning a yarmulke, Rudd delivered a eulogy, telling almost 2,000 mourners at Melbourne's Lyndhurst Jewish Cemetery that Pvt. Gregory Sher's death was not in vain

2009: JTA reported that As Good As Anybody by Richard Michelson and illustrated by Raul Colon, a book that traces the lives and friendship of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel won the Sydney Taylor Award for Young Readers which is an award for Jewish children's literature.

2010: The Oy!hoo Music Festival, which is designed to bring together established, new and emerging artist in the Jewish and Israeli music scene in New York City is scheduled to take place at The City Winery in New York City.

2010: The Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (SPNI) is scheduled to conduct a walking tour for English speakers living in Jerusalem of Montefiore's Windmill and the Yemin Moshe neighborhood. 2010: The U.S. Army will double the value of emergency military equipment it stockpiles on Israeli soil, and Israel will be allowed to use the U.S. ordnance in the event of a military emergency, according to a report in today’s issue of the U.S. weekly Defense News.

2010: A leading pro-Israel congressman, Representative Gary Ackerman hosted a business meeting in his offices between Israeli officials and a defense contractor in which he profitably invested

2010: Remains of a prehistoric Tel Aviv building, which is the earliest ever discovered in the area and estimated to be 7,800-8,400 years' old, have been unearthed in an archaeological excavation, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced today.

2010: Miep Gies, the office secretary who defied the Nazi occupiers to hide Anne Frank and her family for two years and saved the teenager's diary, passed away today at the age of 100. Gies' Web site reported that she died Monday after a brief illness. The report was confirmed by museum spokeswoman Maatje Mostar, but she gave no details. The British Broadcasting Corp. said she died in a nursing home after suffering a fall last month. Gies was the last of the few non-Jews who supplied food, books and good cheer to the secret annex behind the canal warehouse where Anne, her parents, sister and four other Jews hid for 25 months during World War II. After the apartment was raided by the German police, Gies gathered up Anne's scattered notebooks and papers and locked them in a drawer for her return after the war. The diary, which Anne Frank was given on her 13th birthday, chronicles her life in hiding from June 12, 1942 until August 1, 1944. Gies refused to read the papers, saying even a teenager's privacy was sacred. Later, she said if she had read them she would have had to burn them because they incriminated the "helpers." Anne Frank died of typhus at age 15 in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in March 1945, just two weeks before the camp was liberated. Gies gave the diary to Anne's father Otto, the only survivor, who published it in 1947. After the diary was published, Gies tirelessly promoted causes of tolerance. She brushed aside the accolades for helping hide the Frank family as more than she deserved - as if, she said, she had tried to save all the Jews of occupied Holland. "This is very unfair. So many others have done the same or even far more dangerous work," she wrote in an e-mail to The Associated Press days before her 100th birthday last February. "The Diary of Anne Frank" was the first popular book about the Holocaust, and has been read by millions of children and adults around the world in some 65 languages. For her courage, Gies was bestowed with the "Righteous Gentile" title by the Yad Vashem. She has also been honored by the German Government, Dutch monarchy and educational institutions. Nevertheless, Gies resisted being made a character study of heroism for the young. "I don't want to be considered a hero," she said in a 1997 online chat with schoolchildren. "Imagine young people would grow up with the feeling that you have to be a hero to do your human duty. I am afraid nobody would ever help other people, because who is a hero? I was not. I was just an ordinary housewife and secretary." Born Hermine Santrouschitz on Feb. 15, 1909 in Vienna, Gies moved to Amsterdam in 1922 to escape food shortages in Austria. She lived with a host family who gave her the nickname Miep. In 1933, Gies took a job as an office assistant in the spice business of Otto Frank. After refusing to join a Nazi organization in 1941, she avoided deportation to Austria by marrying her Dutch boyfriend, Jan Gies. As the Nazis ramped up their arrests and deportations of Dutch Jews, Otto Frank asked Gies in July 1942 to help hide his family in the annex above the company's canal-side warehouse on Prinsengracht 263 and to bring them food and supplies. "I answered, 'Yes, of course.' It seemed perfectly natural to me. I could help these people. They were powerless, they didn't know where to turn," she said years later. Jan and Miep Gies worked with four other employees in the firm to sustain the Franks and four other Jews sharing the annex. Jan secured extra food ration cards from the underground resistance. Miep cycled around the city, alternating grocers to ward off suspicions from this highly dangerous activity. In her e-mail to the AP last February, Gies remembered her husband, who died in 1993, as one of Holland's unsung war heroes. "He was a resistance man who said nothing but did a lot. During the war he refused to say anything about his work, only that he might not come back one night. People like him existed in thousands but were never heard," she wrote. Touched by Anne's precocious intelligence and loneliness, Miep also brought Anne books and newspapers while remembering everybody's birthdays and special days with gifts. "It seems as if we are never far from Miep's thoughts," Anne wrote. In her own book, "Anne Frank Remembered," Gies recalled being in the office when the German police, acting on a tip that historians have failed to trace, raided the hide-out in August 1944. A policeman opened the door to the main office and pointed a revolver at the three employees, telling them to sit quietly. "Bep, we've had it," Gies whispered to Bep Voskuijl. After the arrests, she went to the police station to offer a bribe for the Franks' release, but it was too late. On Aug. 8, they were sent to Westerbork, a concentration camp in eastern Holland from where they were later packed into cattle cars and deported to Auschwitz. A few months later, Anne and her sister Margot were transported to Bergen-Belsen. Two of the helpers, Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman, were sent to labor camps, but survived the war. Around 140,000 Jews lived in the Netherlands before the 1940-45 Nazi occupation. Of those, 107,000 were deported to Germany and only 5,200 survived. Some 24,000 Jews went into hiding, of which 8,000 were hunted down or turned in. After the war, Otto Frank returned to Amsterdam and lived with the Gies family until he remarried in 1952. Miep worked for him as he compiled the diary, then devoted herself to talking about the diary and answering piles of letters with questions from around the world. After Otto Frank's death in 1980, Gies continued to campaign against Holocaust-deniers and to refute allegations that the diary was a forgery. She suffered a stroke in 1997 which slightly affected her speech, but she remained generally in good health as she approached her 100th birthday. Her son Paul Gies said last year she was still receiving "a sizable amount of mail" which she handled with the help of a family friend. She spent her days at the apartment where she lived since 2000 reading two daily newspapers and following television news and talk shows. Her husband died in 1993. She is survived by her son and three grandchildren.

2010: Game Change: Obama and the Clintons, McCain and Palin, and the Race of a Lifetime a book by political journalists John Heilemann and Mark Halperin about the 2008 United States presidential election was released in the United States today.

2011: The 92nd Street Y is scheduled to present a program entitled “Undoing the Inquisition” featuring Rabbi Juan Mejia.

2011: The Historic 6th & I Synagogue in Washington, DC, is scheduled to host “Food for Thought: Digesting Ethics, Mysticism and Philosophy with Rabbi Yosef Edelstein of MesorahDC.

2011: A senior Islamic Jihad militant was killed today by an Israel Air Force missile while he was driving a motorcycle in the southern Gaza Strip

2011: Debbie Friedman was eulogized at her funeral today by friends, rabbis, and fellow musicians, both in words and through the songs she composed and sang, which transformed Jewish worship in synagogues and summer camps.

2011: The Los Angeles City Council adjourned its meeting in memory of Friedman, whom Councilmember Paul Koretz eulogized saying "Anyone who has ever attended a liberal Jewish synagogue or summer camp or youth group event has been touched by Debbie Friedman. He added: "She was always ahead of the curve -- be it in songs for lifecycle events, Jewish feminist music, or interfaith spirituality. May her memory -- and her music -- be a blessing."

2011: The Jewish Book Council announced today that “When They Come for Us, We’ll Be Gone: The Epic Struggle To Save Soviet Jewry,” Gal Beckerman’s comprehensive history of the popular movement to save Soviet Jews in the latter half of the 20th century is the winner of the Jewish Book of the Year Award

2011: Today, the Jerusalem Post published the following list of notables who passed away in 2010:

Theodore "Ted" Sorensen, 82, was President John F. Kennedy's speechwriter, a longtime adviser and a ghostwriter of Kennedy's "Profiles in Courage."
Daniel "Danny the Red" Bensaid, 63, a French philosopher and former student radical who was a leader in the student revolt in Paris in 1968, was described as France's leading "Marxist public intellectual" upon his death.

Ruth Proskauer Smith, 102, was an abortion rights pioneer.

Harry Schwarz, 85, was a South African anti-apartheid activist who was his country's ambassador to the United States during the transition from apartheid to the Mandela government. He also was a leader of South Africa's Jewish Board of Deputies, and he worked with Israeli leaders to ensure the safety and future of South African Jewry. Schwarz told his own story as part of a museum exhibit of German refugees in South Africa.

David Kimche, 82, was a founding father of Israel's Mossad intelligence agency and a spy who worked undercover in Africa and with the Christian Phalangists in Lebanon before Israel's 1982 war there.

Dov Shilansky, 86, was a former Speaker of the Knesset.

Tony Curtis, 85, actor and artist, was born in the Bronx as Bernard Schwartz. A major sex symbol on the big screen from the 1950s on, Curtis helped finance the rebuilding of the Great Synagogue in Budapest in honor of his Hungarian roots.

Tom Bosley, 83, was probably best known as Richie Cunningham's dad, Howard, on the sitcom "Happy Days." The Jewish Exponent published a piece on Bosley in 2006 when he appeared in a stage production of "On Golden Pond" in Philadelphia.

Zelda Rubinstein, 76, a diminutive (4-foot-3) actress who won a science fiction film award for her role in "Poltergeist" in 1982, was an activist for "little people."

Harold Gould, 86, was best known for his role as the father of Rhoda Morgenstern in the TV sitcoms "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" and "Rhoda." Gould, who held a doctorate in theater, taught for four years at the University of California, Riverside, before turning to acting. He appeared in dozens of TV shows and movies, including "The Sting." Gould was originally cast as Howard Cunningham in "Happy Days."

Maury Chaykin, 61, known for portraying detective Nero Wolfe on TV, had film roles in "Dances With Wolves," "WarGames" and "My Cousin Vinny."

Steve Landesberg, 74, an actor, comedian and voice actor, was best known for his work on TV's "Barney Miller."

Bud Greenspan, 84, who was best known for his production of documentaries about the Olympics, was called a "trailblazing filmmaker" by The Los Angeles Times.

Irvin Kershner, 87, a film director, was most noted for "The Empire Strikes Back," the 1980 sequel to the original "Star Wars" film.

Ingrid Pitt, 73, a Holocaust survivor, was an actress in horror films in the 1960s and 1970s.

Eddie Fisher, 82, was a pre-rock-era pop singer. He was married to actress Debbie Reynolds, but left her, scandalously, for actress Elizabeth Taylor -- a move that cost him his "Coke Time" TV series and a recording contract in 1959. Fisher made the first commercial recording of "Sunrise, Sunset" from "Fiddler on the Roof."

Mitch Miller, 99, a record company executive and conductor who became famous for his 1960s TV show "Sing Along With Mitch," (video clip here) was known for speaking derisively about rock and roll. He passed on signing contracts with Elvis Presley and Buddy Holly.

Malcolm McLaren, 64, was a rock and punk music impresario and performer who was most noted for managing the Sex Pistols, a seminal British punk band in the 1970s. London's The Telegraph ran an extensive obituary and photographs after his death.

Doug Fieger, 57, was co-founder of the power pop band The Knack and writer of the 1979 hit song "My Sharona."

David Soyer, 87, was founding cellist of the Guarnieri String Quartet, one of the modern era's most celebrated chamber music ensembles.

David Deckelbaum, 71, a Canadian/Israeli folk musician from the group "The Taverners," was described by the Israeli daily Haaretz as an "iconic banjoist" on the folk music scene in Israel. Click here to see a video of Deckelbaum and the Taverners on Israeli television.

Daniel Schorr, 93, was an award-winning journalist whose name appeared on Richard Nixon's "enemies list" and who angered both government officials and his employers for being a stickler for journalistic ethics and the protection of sources. Schorr spent many years as a commentator for National Public Radio. The station produced a lovely package of stories, audio clips and tributes about Schorr after his death.

Harvey Pekar, 69, was a cartoonist best known for his autobiographical comic series, "American Splendor." His life was the subject of a 2003 film with the same title, starring actor Paul Giamatti as Pekar and featuring a cameo by Pekar himself.

J.D. Salinger, 91, was one of the 20th century's most celebrated and reclusive American authors. Salinger's 1951 novel, "The Catcher in the Rye," still sells a quarter-million copies a year. The New York Times critic Michiko Kakutani said Salinger "domesticated the innovations of the great modernists" and presaged the work of writers such as Philip Roth and Saul Bellow.

Erich Segal, 72, was an author and professor whose novel (and later film), "Love Story," became a touchstone of youthful romance in the 1970s. The film's signature line, "Love means never having to say you're sorry," was 13th on the American Film Institute's list of top 100 movie quotes. Segal, the son of a rabbi, also produced scholarly works in the fields of Greek and Latin literature.

Abraham Sutzkever, 96, was an acclaimed Yiddish poet who was considered one of the great poets of the Holocaust. Born in the Russian Empire, he was a partisan during World War II and spent more than 50 years in Israel, writing what Israeli scholar Miriam Trin called some of the greatest poetry of the 20th century. However, he was largely unknown in Israel because he wrote in Yiddish.

Shmuel Katz, 83, was a well-known Israeli caricaturist and illustrator of children's books. Haaretz said Katz, an Austrian Holocaust survivor who immigrated to Israel in 1948, drew some of Israel's "best-loved" children's books.

David Slivka, 95, who once famously made a death mask of his friend Welsh poet Dylan Thomas, was a sculptor and painter. The New York Times described Slivka as "one of the last living members of the New York school of Abstract Expressionists." His paintings and sculptures are in the permanent collections of many major museums, including the Smithsonian's Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden and the Brooklyn Museum.

Martin Ginsburg, 78, was an internationally renowned taxation law expert and law professor, as well as the husband of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

Howard Zinn, 87, was a radical historian and author of, among other titles, "A Peoples History of the United States."

Adam Max Cohen, 38, was an associate professor of English at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. A Shakespeare scholar, he wrote about how the illiteracy caused by his terminal brain tumor enabled him to gain new insights into appreciating Shakespeare's plays as performance art, and not only as great literature.

Martin Grossman, 45, was executed in Florida 26 years after his conviction for the murder of a Florida wildlife officer. The Orthodox world campaigned to keep Grossman from execution.

Rosa Rein of Switzerland, who was believed to be the world’s oldest Jew and the oldest Swiss citizen, died in February, just weeks before her 113th birthday.

Mark Madoff, 46, was an American businessman and son of the infamous Bernard Madoff.

Miep Gies, 100, was a non-Jewish Dutch woman who enabled Anne Frank and her family to hide, and who later discovered and preserved Frank's diary. She was honored by many organizations in later years, including the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial organization in Israel.

2012: ‘The Bintel Brief Exhibit’ is scheduled to open at the Sixth and I synagogue in Washington, D.C.,

2012: “400 Miles to Freedom,” the untold story of the 1984 exodus of co-director Avishai Mekonen and his secluded Jewish community from the mountains of Northern Ethiopia is scheduled to be the opening feauture at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

2012: Yeshiva University Museum is scheduled to present: Curator’s Tour: Old and the New: Mark Podwal’s Textiles for the Altneuschul in Prague

2012: “The Cantor’s Son” is scheduled to be shown at the Yiddish Film Series/ Fundación Marcelino Botín in Santander, Spain

2012: The leading French newspaper Le Figaro reported today that Israeli Mossad agents are recruiting and training Iranian dissidents from Iraq’s Kurdish region to work against the regime in Tehran.

2012: An explosive thrown through the window of a New Jersey synagogue and residence is being treated as attempted murder, the Bergen County prosecutor said. The latest in a string of attacks that have hit the county's synagogues recently took place this morning at Congregation Beth El in Rutherford.

2013: The Studio Opera Singers of the Israel Opera are scheduled to perform at the Eden-Tamir Music Center.

2013: “Nor In Tel Aviv” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

2013: In London, The Wiener Library is scheduled to present a lecture by Naomi Shepherd will described how Wilfrid Israel used his personal fortune and the resources of his firm to rescue “thousands of Jews from Nazi persecution from the 1930’s until his death in 1943.”

2013: New election polls headlined today by the Hebrew-language dailies Yedioth Ahronoth and Maariv echoed several trends first revealed in The Times of Israel’s major opinion poll published earlier this week. The headline in Maariv blared that “25% of the public are still undecided” on whom to vote for in the January 22 general elections, and added that most of those who have yet to make up their minds come from the center-left bloc

2013: Medical sources in Gaza said today that IDF gunfire killed one Palestinian and injured another east of the Jabaliya refugee camp near the border, AFP reported. The IDF Spokesman's Office stated that dozens of Palestinian rioters approached the Gaza border fence this afternoon and did not heed IDF warnings to desist.

2013(29th of Tevet, 5773): Oscar Straus II Chairman Emeritus of the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Foundation, and the Fred Lavanburg Foundation passed away today.

2013(29th of Tevet, 5773): Twenty-six year old programmer Aaron Swartz “was found dead” today. (As reported by John Schwartz)

2014: The New York Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to show “The Jewish Cardinal” and “The Congress”

2014: The 92nd Street Y is scheduled to host a Saturday night dance party as part of its inaugural “Out of Israel” Dance Festival.

2014: “Nadine Animato” Theater Dance Company which was established in 2009 by choreographer Nadine Bommer in Rishon Lezion, Israel is scheduled to perform at the City Center.

2014(10th of Shevat): Yarhrzeit of Rabbi Joseph Isaac Sneersohn

 2014(10th of Shevat, 5774:  Ariel Sharon passed away.

2015: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including CHINA 1945: Mao’s Revolution and America’s Fateful Choice by Richard Bernstein and the recently published paperback editions of The Eternal Nazi: From Mauthausen to Cairo, the Relentless Pursuit of SS Doctor Aribet Heim by Nicholas Kulish and Souad Mekhennet and My Mistake: A Memoir by Daniel Menaker

2015: “Fragile” an exhibition by Tel Aviv native Tal Eshed is scheduled to open at the Klemens & Tanj

2015: “Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu acceded today to the request of the families of the victims of the terrorist attack at the Jewish supermarket in Paris and instructed all relevant government officials to assist in bringing them for burial in Israel.” (JTA)

2015: French President Francois Hollande, Prime Minister Manuel VAlls and former Nicolas Sarkozy were among those who attended the memorial ceremony at the Grand Synagogue in Paris where Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was the featured speaker.

2015: A photo taken today of the solidarity march in Paris included the only female leader in the front row – German chancellor Angela Merkel – except for the one used by “the ultra-Orthodox Jewish newspaper haMevaser” which had removed the images of all “female leaders.”

2015: The Center For Jewish History is scheduled to host a memorial marking the 5th anniversary of the death of Mina Bern who when she died at the age of 99 was one of the last surviving stars “of the interwar European Stage.”

2015: “Hagai Levi, the Israeli creator of the Hebrew-language drama “BeTipul” and the producer of its US counterpart, “In Treatment,” was awarded a best television drama Golden Globe tonight for his latest series, “The Affair.”

2015: Anne Cohen identifies “9 Jews To Look Out For at The Golden Globes.”

2016: The Cornelia Street Café is scheduled to host an “Israeli Jazz Fest” featuring the Gadi Lehavi Band.

2016: Police captured a suspected 28 year old female terrorist from the Israeli town of Taibe this evening in Nahariya “following a manhunt that put the country’s northern coast on edge.”

2016: Binyamen Amsalem, a Jewish teacher, “sustained light injuries to his when a man wielding a machete attacked him” outside of “a synagogue in Marseille this morning.

2016(1st of Shevat, 5776): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

2016: Iranian born Yeshiva University graduate Anna Kaplan today announced that she would run for the seat in the United States House of Representatives for New York's 3rd congressional district being vacated by retiring congressman Steve Israel.”

2016: “Farewell Herr Schwartz is scheduled to be shown at the JCC in Manhattan.

2017: The Agudas Achim Book Group is scheduled to discuss Moses, a Human Life.

2017: “Moon in the 12th House” and “Doing Jewish: A From Ghana with Kol Nidre #3” are scheduled to be show at the opening of the New York Jewish Film Festival.

2017: “It was announced today that Allen Weisselberg would serve as a trustee at the Trump Organization alongside the President’s two older sons while Donald Trump serves as President of the United States.”

2018: In Memphis, Temple Israel is scheduled to host the opening rehearsal for its “Beatles Purim Review” led by the multi-talented Abbie Strauss.

2018: At a time when over 100,000 Palestinians “currently work in Israel,” “a top general said today” that “the government is likely to approve 7,500 additional permits for Palestinians to work in Israel.”

2018: “Three Palestinian sisters, aged 23, 18 and 15, were arrested this afternoon in a Hebron checkpoint after IDF Border Police officers found out they were carrying a knife.”

2018: YIVO is scheduled to host the first session of “Radical Jewish Culture” during which John Zorn and Anthony Coleman explore and reflect upon the origins, development, present, and future of Radical Jewish Music.”

2018: “Editions Gallimard announced today the suspension of its plan to publish three Holocuast-era essays by the author Louis-Ferdinand” which are described as “anti-Semitic screeds.” (JTA)

2018: As part of its MLK observance, the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to present a lecture by Dr. Daniel L. Haulman on the history of the Tuskegee Airmen.

2019: The Malpaso Dance Company is scheduled perform Tabula Rasa, “a hard-driving work by Israeli choreographer Ohad Narin” is scheduled to be performed at The Joyce Theatre.

2019: The Sutro Baths which had been developed by “self-made millionaire Adolph Sutro” which are part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area are just one of the federal facilities impacted by shutdown which is scheduled to continue today.

2019: In Jerusalem, the Abraham Hostel is scheduled to host “an art celebration with a collective of artist and musicians of all walks of life” today.

2019: In a testament to the vibrancy of “small town American Jewry, Mya Witt is scheduled to begin the celebration of her Bat Mitzvah weekend at Agudas Achim, in Coralville, IA.


No comments: