Thursday, December 28, 2017

This Day, December 29, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin

December 29

584 BCE (10 Tevet 3175): The Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar, began his siege of Jerusalem leading to the destruction of the first Temple. This day is commemorated as one of the "minor" fasts, lasting from sunrise to sunset.  Of course, the tenth of Tevet floats when it appears on the secular calendar.

1170: Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II.  While the movie about Becket gives the Archbishop “all of the good lines” the reality was a bit different, especially for the Jews.  The reign of Henry II was a good period for the Jews of England.  His view that the King and not the Church was the ultimate authority for the realm would have appeared to be the better case for the Jews given the inimical view that the Church held of the Jewish people.  Death is always a tragedy, but we should understand the reality of those over whom we weep as opposed to an image created by later day dramatists and film makers.

1485: Joshua Solomon Soncino published Sefer ha-Ikkarim (Book of Principles) at Soncino, Italy. Sefer ha-Ikkarim ("Book of Principles") is a fifteenth century work by Rabbi Joseph Albo, a student of Crescas. It is an eclectic, popular work, whose central task is the exposition of the principles of Judaism. Rabbi Joseph Albo was probably born in Aragon in 1380 and reportedly took part in the religious debate held at Tortosa in 1413 and 1414.  His date of death is given variously as 1430 or 1444.

1690: In Italy, “severe earthquakes” struck the town of Ancona. They are memorialized by the town’s Jews with the celebration of a “Purim of Ancona.”  A description of the event and the special prayers recited on that day were printed in “Or Boker” was which was published in 1709.

1709: Birthdate of Empress Elizabeth of Russia. The daughter of Peter the Great was an enemy of the Jews.  She reiterated and reinforced the decrees already in existence banning Jews from the Russian Empire.  Despite requests from some of her advisors that Jewish merchants be allowed to visit the kingdom since it would enrich Russia, Elizabeth held firm. This is yet another example of Religious zeal over-ruling all other considerations.  According to one account, at least 35,000 Jews were forced to leave Russia because of her.  Her legacy was a Jew Free Russia – something that would not last because of Russian greed for the land of others.

1758: Jacob and Thankful Pinto gave birth to Solomon Pinto, a patriot who fought in the Revolutionary War, the husband of Clarissa Pinto and the brother of Abraham and William Pinto.

1778(10th of Tevet, 5539) Asara B’Tevet

1778: During the American Revolutionary War, 3,500 British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell capture Savannah, Georgia without firing a shot. Among those taken prisoner by the British as they secured Savannah was the Jewish patriot from Georgia, Morcechai Sheftall.  In 1778,having proven his skill and selflessness as Commissary General of Georgia, Mordechai Sheftall had been appointed  to the post of Deputy Commissary General to the federal troops stationed in Georgia and South Carolina by General Robert Howe. Before the Continental Congress could confirm his role, however, he was captured in December 1778, along with his fifteen-year-old son, Sheftall Sheftall, in the battle to prevent Savannah from falling to British troops. Some of the outnumbered patriots escaped by swimming across the Savannah River, but the younger Sheftall could not swim. His father would not abandon him. With 185 other Americans, they were captured and imprisoned. The British interrogated the Sheftalls under great duress, depriving them of food for two days. At one point, they were almost bayoneted by a drunken British soldier. Still refusing to provide information about the American's sources of supplies and refusing to renounce the patriot cause, father and son were transferred to the dank prison ship Nancy where the British deliberately offered Mordecai no meat other than pork, which he refused. After several months, the elder Sheftall was paroled to the town of Sunbury, Georgia, where he was kept under close British surveillance; his son remained on the Nancy. At Mordecai's urging, Mrs. Sheftall took her other children to the relative safety of Charleston. Separation from family weighed heavily on Mordecai. Through the intervention of friends, he was finally able to arrange for his son's parole to Sunbury under the same restrictive conditions on his own freedom of movement. Things looked promising when American military pressure on Savannah forced the British garrison to withdraw from Sunbury, but freedom for the Sheftalls did not follow. Local Tories began to beat and even kill patriots in Sunbury, especially parolees like the Sheftalls. Father and son managed to flee on an American brig headed for Charleston and a hoped for reunion with their family, but were captured by a British frigate and transported to Antigua, where they remained prisoners until the Spring of 1780. In June, both Sheftalls were paroled once more. They headed for Philadelphia, to which Mrs. Sheftall and the children had fled, yet again, for safety. There, despite his own financial hardships, Mordecai helped fund a new synagogue for Congregation Mikve Israel. Mordecai spent the remainder of the war in Philadelphia, seeking to help both the American cause and his own financial condition by financing a privateer to capture and loot British vessels. His investment does not seem to have paid off; on its very first voyage, the ship ran aground. In1783, when the war ended, Mordecai returned with his wife and children to Savannah, where the family resumed its life for several generations. The state of Georgia granted him several hundred acres of land in recognition of his sacrifices on behalf of independence. When he died in 1797 at the age of 62, his beloved home city of Savannah buried him with full honors in the Jewish cemetery he created.”

1801: Based on a deed of conveyance of this date, Levi Solomon and Solomon Etting paid William McMechen and John Leggett for land to be used as a Jewish cemetery in Baltimore, MD

1802: Aron Isaacson married Mary Israel today at the Great Synagogue.

1802: In Charleston, SC, nineteen year old  Rinah Cohen, the daughter of Moses Cohen and Judith de Lyon married David Mordecai

1809: Birthdate of William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Gladstone is known primarily as the political rival of Benjamin Disraeli and this tends to color the view of him held by some Jews.  Gladstone was a complicated man.  He began his political career who opposed Jews sitting in the House of Commons.  At considerable political risk, he modified that position and voted in favor of removing the Christian religious qualification as long as the number of Jews in Parliament would never be so great as to lead Christians from their faith. Although Disraeli was raised as an Anglican, Gladstone was suspicious of what he described as his radical Jewish policies.  Considering the level of English anti-Semitism, Gladstone should go into the plus column.  

1814: Birthdate of French political leader and statesman Jules Simon, whose name indicates that he was of “Jewish origin.” Simon always thought he was born on December 30, until he took a “second look” at his birth certificate when he was being sworn in as a deputy and saw that it was dated December 30 but said he was born “yesterday”

1817: In Karlskrona, Sweden, Aaron Abrahamson and his wife gave birth to Swedish businessman and patron of the arts August Abrahamson who was the grandson of Aaron Abraham who had been a member of the Berlin Academy of Art.

1824: John Meseena married Rachel Gomes today at the Hambro Synagogue.

1829: Birthdate of the first Jewish mayor of Seattle, Washington, Bailey Gatzert, the native of Darmstadt, Germany who lived in Natchez, Mississippi before moving to Seattle where became a successful businessman and banker.

1829: The Director of the Paris Opera signed a contract today “specifying” Giacomo Meyerbeer’s “Robert le diable as a "grand opera in five acts and seven scenes"

1838: George D. and Elizabeth Bennett Rosengarten gave birth to Adolph G. Rosengarten who rose to the rank of Major in the 106th Regiment, a cavalry unit in the Union Army who died at the Battle of Stone River during the Civil War.

1845: Texas is admitted as the 28th U.S. state. Considering their numbers, Jews played an active role in the affairs of Texas at this time.  Moses Albert Levy served as surgeon-general for Sam Houston’s forces at the Battle of San Jacinto – the victory that gave Texas her independence.  Isaac Lyons served as the surgeon –general for another Texas leader, Tom Green.  At least one Jew, Abraham Wolf, died at the Alamo.  David Kaufman fought at the Battle of Neches, served in Republic of Texas legislature and was one of the state’s first Congressmen when she joined the Union.  Kaufman County is named for him.  With the support of Sam Houston, Henry Castro helped settle 5,000 Germans in Texas between 1843 and 1848.  Castro County and Castroville both bear witness to the successful effort of this Sephardic Jew. During the 1850’s Jewish congregations were established in Houston, Galveston and San Antonio. In each case, the building of the cemetery preceded the building of the house of worship.

1847: Seventy-two year old English composer William Crotch passed away. Among his students was the Jewish composer Charles Kensington Salman who created the musical setting for “Adonai Malakh” (Psalm 93). Crotch drew on Biblical related themes for some of his works including “The Captivity of Judah” and an oratorio entitled “Palestine.”

1848: Birthdate of Calude Reigner, the an officer with the Corps of Royal Engineers who served two tours of duty with the Palestine Exploration Fund where he took part in some of the first modern surveys of Jerusalem and other parts of this part of the Ottoman Empire.

1848: In Hungary, Lena Kulka and Emanuel Shlesinger gave birth to Sigmund Shlesinger the husband of Fannie Fleshiem who served with “Colonel George A. Forsyth’s Company of Scouts” and fought at the Battle of Beecher’s Island (Colorado) in 1868.

1848: In Hungary, Emanuel Shlesinger and Lena Kulka gave birth to Sigmund Shlesinger, the husband of Fannie Fleisher, a member of Colonel Forsyth’s Scouts during the Indian Wars in Colorado in 1868 and active member of the Cleveland, Ohio, Jewish community who served on the Board of Directors of Tifereth Israel and was one of the incorporators of the Cleveland Federation of Jewish Charities.

1849: Birthdate of British economist William Cunningham the author of The Growth of English Industry and Commerce in which he described the role of Jewish moneylenders in Medieval England and the manner in which King John, among others, exploited them for his own gain.”

1853: Birthdate of mathematician Ferdinand Caspary, the son of a German Jewish businessman and the grandson of a rabbi who was raised in Glogau.

1854: In Manchester, England, Marcus and Martha Leipziger gave birth to Dr. Henry M. Leipzieger, the Supervisor of the Lectures of the Board of Education who founded the Hebrew Technical Institute in 1884.

1857: “A Legal Decision” published today told the story of the son of a wealthy London Jewish banker who had fallen in love with a Christian girl whom he was going to marry despite the father’s threat to disinherit him.  Taking advantage of a little known law that required Jewish fathers to support their Christian children, the boy told his father he would become a Christian which meant he would be “entitled to one-half of the father’s fortune.”  The father sought help from lawyer who said that for a fee of ten guineas he would tell him how to thwart the son’s plan.  Once the fee was paid, the lawyer told the father that he could become a Christian would leave him free to disinherit the son. The father left the lawyer without any further comment.

1860: The New York Times reported that one of the manifestations of excitement shown by the Poles following the Warsaw Conference was “a hatred of Jews and Germans that knew no bounds.”

1861: Birthdate of German mathematician Kurt Hensel whose paternal grandmother was Fanny Mendelsohn and whose paternal great-great grandfather was Moses Mendelsohn making him an example of the “disappearing Jews” – an all too common phenomenon of the 19th and 20th centuries.

1862(7th of Tevet, 5623): Seventy year old Samuel Israel Mulder who is best known for his translation of Pentateuch, Psalms and Proverbs from Hebrew into Dutch – the first such work of its kind.

1864(30th of Kislev, 5625): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; 6th day of Chanukah

1870: New York City authorities warned Jews about incompetent and unscrupulous mohalim who were causing the deaths of many Jewish infants.

1871: In Kalvarija, Lithuania (then part of the Russian Empire), Efraim London and his wife gave birth to Meyer London, the Brooklyn Congressman who was one only two members of the Socialist Party elected to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1871: In Memphis, TN, Max Friedman and Tillie Marks gave birth to Lee M. Friedman, the Harvard educated lawyer, President of the Boston Branch of the Alliance, Israelite Universelle and treasurer of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association who also served as secretary of the Purim Association.

1874: A review of “The Travels of the Shah of Persia” by J.W. Redhouse which uses the Shah’s diary to recount the monarch’s 1873 tour of Europe by the Shah included a description of his meeting with Lord Rothschild.  After praising Rothschild for his wealth, the Shah told Rothschild that “the best thing to do would be that you should” use your money “and buy a territory in which you could collect all the Jews of the whole world, you becoming their chief and leading them on their way in peace, so that you should not longer thus scattered and dispersed.” (Compare this sentiment with the Iranian -modern day Persia- view on the Jewish state.)

1875(1st of Tevet, 5636) Rosh Chodesh Tevet, Seventh Day of Chanukah

1878: In New York City, the Young Men’s Hebrew Union hosted a well-attended reception and ball in Irving Hall which was a celebration of Chanukah.

1880: Based on information provided by London Times’ correspondent in Berlin, “the persecution of the Jews in Prussia has led to “a Jewish traveling in a public canning a Professor, a Jewish student killing a Christian fellow-student in duel and a Jewish merchant boxing a Christian trader’s ears” --- “unfortunate incidents” that “were ‘preceded by some violent act on the part of the Christian antagonist.’”

1881: In Paris, antiques dealer Alexandre Rosenberg and his wife gave birth to Paul Rosenberg, a leading French art dealer who was able to regain parts of his collection that had been stolen by the Nazis.

1882: It was reported today that in Russia, “the senate has decided that no court can authorize the transfer of land to a Jew.”

1882: It was reported today that in Russia “the railway companies have ordered the discharge of their Jewish employees.”

1888: In New York, the Excise Commissioners heard the protest of the Pastor of St. Ann’s Roman Catholic Church to the granting of a liquor license to Charles Goldstein, the owner of Webster Hall, an edifice designed to for Jewish weddings and other such social events.

1888: Santa Clause will distribute toys to the 600 children at the Christmas Party being held today at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New York City.

1888: The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City will the site of tonight’s theatrical and musical productions the proceeds of which will go to the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.

1889: Six hundred youngsters attended an evening of entertainment in the chapel of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum sponsored by the Seligman Solomon Society.

1889(6th of Tevet, 5650): One day after his 78th birthday, Rabbi Ludwig Philippson whose works included “an annotated German translation of the TaNaCh” and who was the son of  Moses Philippson and the father of geologist Alfred Philippson passed away at Bonn

1889: The officers and managers of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society hosted a reception in honor of state Senator Jacob A. Cantor and Assemblyman Joseph Blumenthal.

1889: The Jaffa to Jerusalem Railway Company (Société du Chemin de Fer Ottoman de Jaffa à Jérusalem et Prolongements) was founded in Paris with Bernard Camille Collas, a French lighthouse inspector, as the first director.

1889: It was reported today the one of the highlights of this year’s New York theatrical season was Edwin Booth’s portrayal of Shylock in “The Merchant of Venice.”

1890(18TH of Tevet, 5651): Sixty-five year old Henry S. Henry, a native of Ramsgate, England, who was the founder of H.S. Henry & Son, commission merchants who was active in several charitable Jewish organizations passed away today at his New York home.

1890: Sgt. Jack Trautman, who could have retired but chose to stay with his men, fought at Wounded Knee, SD today with such courage that he was awarded the Medal of Honor.

1891: According to Emmanuel Lehman, the Treasurer for the Transportation Fund for Russians, as of today the fund has raised $82, 842.73 to aid Jews trying to flee the Czar’s realm.

1891(28th of Kislev, 5652): Fourth Day of Chanukah

1891: Sixty-eight year old German mathematician Leopold Kronecker, who converted to Christianity in the last year of his life, passed away today.

1892: A fire broke out at the four story brick building at 3 Mechanic Alley the ground floor of which is occupied by tailor shop owned by three Jews, Samuel, Isaac and Harris Goldstein.

1893(20th of Tevet, 5654): Adolf Jellinek passed away. Born in 1821, he was an Austrian rabbi and scholar who became a preacher at the Leopoldstädter Tempel in Vienna in 1856.

1893: In Newark, NJ, Max Boxer made bail on charges of misusing the United States mail when he sent a postcard to Abraham Kursek, a Jewish poultry and fish merchant threatening to shoot him and his son-in-law if he did not vacate his stall on Prince Street.  The two men were business compeititors.

1893: In New York, Judge McAdam granted an injunction prevent Joseph Jaffa  from publishing  the picture of Rudolph Marks, a Jewish actor who is studying law at the University of the City of New York, as part of a contest that he is promoting without the plaintiff’s permission.

1894: In Vienna, Alfred Sachs, the son of Eduard Elkan Sachs and Babette Sachs, and his wife Therese Sachs gave birth to Marie Schmeichler, the wife of Dr. Robert Schmeichler.

1894: A two week revival of “Quite an Adventure,” a one-act comic opera by Edward Solomon, came to an at the Savoy Theatre in London.

1895: Based on statements of Samuel Schafer published today the Hebrew Fair which closed last week has raised $165,000 and that when all contributions are tallied the amount raised will reach approximately $175,000.  Approximately $100,000 will go to the Educational Alliance with the balance going the Hebrew Technical Institute.

1895: “Judaism And Its Spirit” published today provides a detailed review of The Spirit of Judaism by Josephine Lazarus one of the sisters of Emma Lazarus.

1895: Arthur Scholem and Betty Hirsch Scholem gave birth to Werner Scholem, German political leader, member of the Reichstag during the Weimer Republic and the brother of Gershom Scholem.  Werner would die in Buchenwald.

1895: An armed column “crossed into the Transvaal and headed for Johannesburg” which marked the start of the Jameson Raid whose participants included Solomon Barnato “Solly” Joel one of three sons of Joel Joel and Kate Isaacs who made “a fortune in diamond and gold mining in South Africa,

1896(24th of Tevet, 5657): Seventy-two year old Jacob ben Moses Bachrach, the son of R' Moses Bacharach and Sheina Bacharach and the husband of Reva Bachrach, the editor of Hebrew works including “the Turim of Jacob ben Asher” passed away today in Bialystok.

1897: The House Committee of the Home and Hospital for Jewish Incurables is scheduled to meet this afternoon in London.

1897: The “Russo-Jewish Conjoint Committee” of the Board of Guardians is scheduled to meet this afternoon.

1897: The Chovei Zion Association is scheduled to meet this evening at Bevis Marks.

1898: Richard J. H. Gottheil, a professor of languages at Columbia University and a leader in the early American Zionist movement gathered together a group of Jewish students from several New York City universities to form a Zionist youth society. The society was called Z.B.T. which most people know as Zeta Beta Tau fraternity.

1901: The Jewish National Fund (JNF) was founded. “The Jewish National Fund is the caretaker of the land of Israel, on behalf of its owners - Jewish People everywhere.”  After several false starts, the delegates to the Fifth Zionist Congress passed a motion that a fund to be called Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael) should be established, and that "the fund shall be the property of the Jewish people as a whole".  The purpose of the fund would be to be purchase land in the land of Palestine that would belong to the Jewish people.  The JNF's first undertaking was the collection of £200,000.  One of the delegates immediately pledged £10 in memory of Zvi Hermann Schapira who had been one of the prime mover’s behind the creation of the JNF. Theodore Herzl made the second donation and his aide, the third. And with this, the dream of a national fund--and a Jewish Homeland--became a reality.

1903(10th of Tevet, 5664): Asara B’Tevet

1905: The Jewish Chronicle reported that “the brothers Gomez de Costa in Hackney, West Indies, would not receive their sister in their house for a year because she had married an Ashkenazi Jew.

1905: The Jewish Chronical reported that a “Proselyte Board” has been formed in Johannesburg “consisting of congregational delegates and Rabbis and that no proselytes would be admitted to the community unless they received a vote of two-thirds of those present at the meeting.

1905: As of today it was reported that the fund to help the Jews suffering from the Massacres in Russia had reach $1,217,000.

1908: Louis A. Hensheimer, a member of the baking firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Company spent his last day “at his desk” prior to undergoing surgery for appendicitis.

1908: Birthdate of Magnus Alfred Pyke, the native of Paddington who was educated in Canada who returned to England, where among other things he served as the Chief Chemist at Vitamins Ltd in Hammersmith and Manager of Distiller Ltd’s yeast research laboratory in Scotland from 1949 to 1973.

1909: Birthdate of Johtje (pronounced YO-tya) Vos, a Dutch woman who along with her husband hid three dozen Jews from the Nazis during World War II.  In addition to which they provided assistance to an unknown number of Jews escaping through part of the Netherlands from 1940 through 1945.  Mrs. Vos moved to Woodstock, NY in 1951 and passed away at the age of 97 in 2007.  She never saw herself as a Righteous Gentile or a particularly brave person.

1911: Camille Erlanger’s L’aube rouge premiered at Rouen, France.

1911: The Chamber of Commerce of Salonica rendered a decision that Jewish porters do not need to work on Shabbat.

1911 Mrs. Leopold de Rothschild was among those receiving the “Award of the Order of Mercy” today.

1912(19th of Tevet, 5673): Sixty-six year old grain merchant Emanuel Steinhardt passed away today in New Orleans.

1912: A Hebrew School was founded today in Schenectady New York.

1912: U.K. premiere of “The Miracle” a British silent film based on a play by Max Reinhardt.

1913: In Australia first showing of “The Miracle” a British silent film based on a play by Max Reinhardt who helped write the script for the film.

1914: In Rochester, NY, Oliver Bachrach of Baltimore delivered a lecture on the prophet Jeremiah at The Jewish Chautauqua Society Convention.

1914: “Looking to the War’s End” published today described the views of Bernard Baruch’s father, Dr Simon Baruch on what a post-war world would look like including that “perhaps in a decade or fifty years” the United States and Germany, joined by other countries now at war” will join “together to subdue the Tartar and the yellow man and then we shall have a real peace.”

1915: “The People’s Relief Committee, which is also co-operating with the American Jewish Relief Committee, expects to raise $100,000 today.”

1915: Today in New York, “at the monthly meeting of the Hebrew Congregation of the Deaf and Dumb mutes” Sephardic Rabbi Albert J. Amateau used sign language to make an appeal to the 140 members for contributions to the $5,000,000 fund which the American Jewish Relief Committee is attempting to raise for Jews suffering through the war” which met with an immediate contribution of $250 dollars and a small box filled with jewels.

1915: Today, Dr. J.L. Magnes addressed a crowd of jewelry industry employees and persuaded them to subscribe to a contribution of $10,000 and to create a committee under the Chairmanship of Leopold Stern which will raise $100,000 from among Jewish jewelry workers.

1915: “Today is tag day for the benefit of Jewish sufferers through the war and by night the committee” in charge “expects to have distributed one million tags and to have collected $50,000.”

1915: “A special feature” of today, which is Tag Day, “will be sight-seeing cars filled with actors and actresses from the Yiddish theatres which will tour the city stopping a various tagging pints to entertain the crowds.”

1915: It was reported that M. Maldwin Fertig, the president of The Young Men’s Hebrew Association, has said the campaign to raise funds for a new facility in the would continue until it has reached its goal of $85,000.

1916: The piano duo of Rose and Ottilie Sutro played their version of Max Bruch’s Concerto for Two Pianos in A-flat minor for the first time with the Philadelphia Orchestra.

1916: It was reported today, that the survivors of Baltimore lawyer Moses R. Walter are his wife, the former Bertha Ulman, and his children Clementine Walter, Valerie Walter, Raphael Walter, Albert Walter and Mrs. Robert Walkingshaw of Seattle, WA>

1917(14th of Tevet, 5678): Parashat Vayehci

1917: Rabbi Samuel Schulman is scheduled to deliver the sermon this morning at Temple Beth-El on 5th Avenue.

1917: It was reported at The Hague today “that leading Jewish financiers of Germany refused to support the German war loan unless the German Government” refrained “from all opposition to the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine independent of any Turkish control.”

1917: When Representative Julius Kahn of California spoke tonight at the dinner session of the Fifth Annual Convention of the Intercollegiate Menorah Association meeting at Columbia he “was applauded when he urged that universal compulsory military service be enacted in law” because “there was no prospect that wars would cease at the end of this war, and every reason to fear that wars would continue in the future as they had in the past.’ (Editor’s Note- the Jewish Congressman did not see WW I as the “war to end all wars” and was calling for peace time conscription – something that would not come to fruition until the year prior to the attack at Pearl Harbor.)

1917: Tonight, “speaking at a benefit at Cooper Union for the needy Jewish journalists and writers fo the warring countries, Dr. J. L. Magnes predicted that the Jewish people would survive their present sufferings stronger than ever and assert a stronger influence on the religious and political life of the nations.”

1917: Tonight at the Sixty-ninth Regiment Armory more than $6,000 was raised at the Zionist Ball which was held to raise funds “to be used in re-establishing the Jews in Palestine.”

1917: Today “Famous Players, Feature Play, Oliver Morosco Photoplay, Bosworth, Cardinal, Paramount Pictures Corporation, Artcraft, and The George M. Cohan Film Corporation”  “were incorporated into one entity called the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation” with Adolph Zukor as President and Jesse L. Lasky as Vice President.”

1918: Rabbi Hyman Gerson Enelow, who was in France serving as representative of the Overeseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board wrote today that for three weeks he has been visiting various military camps using an automobile lent him by a Colonel in the Army and while he has found the experience to be “a great privilege” if also feels that “if he Jewish work here does not improve much in point of organization, I may go in as an army chaplain.”

1918: During the Freedom Wars, Lithuania's government called for volunteers to defend the Lithuanian state. Of the 10,000 volunteers who responded more than 500 of them were Jews. Altogether more than 3000 Jews served in the Lithuanian army between 1918 and 1923.

1918: Solomon Sufrin is scheduled to speak at “a special convention of the Federation of Rumanian Jews of America” being held at the University Settlement on Eldridge Street.

1920: One of two dates in FSB archives for the death of Alexander Dubrovin, the founder of the anti-Semitic journal Russkoye Znamya who helped organized “the pogroms of the Black Hundreds.”

1921: In Tulsa, OK, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Friedman gave birth to Staley Friedman the author of Martin Buber: The Life of Dialogue which “marked the first effort to explain and popularize the humanistic and religious concepts Martin Buber.” (As reported by Paul Vitello)

1927: Following its premiere performance last night Alexander Tansman’s “Second Concerto for piano and orchestra was performed again tonight in Boston.

1929: Birthdate of Feigele Peltel who as Vladka Meed used her flawless Polish and Aryan good looks to smuggle pistols, gasoline for firebombs and even dynamite to the Jewish fighters inside the Warsaw Ghetto, and who after the war became an impassioned leader in the national effort to educate children about the Holocaust (As reported by Joseph Berger)

1922(10th of Tevet, 5683): Asara B'Tevet

1922(10th of Tevet, 5683): The Chief Rabbi of Alexandria, Rodolfo Compagnano, passed away.

1923: Birthdate of Shlomo Venezia, the native of Thessaloniki, Greece who survived Auschwitz and wrote Inside the Gas Chambers: Eight Months in the Sonderkommando at Auschwitz.

1924(2nd of Tevet, 5685): 8th and last day of Chanukah

1924: In Boston, real estate agent “Frederick Yankelovich and the former Sadie Mostow” gave birth to pollster Daniel Yankelovich. (As reported by Robert D. McFadden)

1928: Der Oytser (The Treasure), a play in Yiddish by Sholom Aleichem directed by Aleksei Dikiy premiered today.

1928(16th of Tevet, 5689): Eight year old German born Leopold Stern, a philanthropist and Republican Party activist “known as the dean of diamond importers in America” passed away today.

1928: “The fourth national labor convention for Palestine held under the auspices of the national labor committee for the Organized Jewish Workers in Palestine opened tonight in New York.  Abraham Shiplacoff, chairman of the national committee gave the welcoming address to the five hundred delegates.  Among the visitors was David Bloch, Mayor of Tel Aviv and Israel Merminsky general secretary of the Palestine Federation both of whom have been visiting the United States for the last ten days.

1929: In Warsaw, Rabbi Brachya Lieberman, a notable Gerrer Hasid and wife gave birth of Rabbi Simcha Binem Lieberman who survived the Warsaw Ghetto uprising as well as Treblinka, Dachau and Theresienstadt.

1929: Roger W. Straus addressed the Chicago Conference of Temple Brotherhoods at their Chanukah Dinner which was being held at the Palmer House Hotel.  Mr. Straus, a New Yorker, is the son of the late Oscar S. Straus and President of the National Federal of Temple Brotherhoods which, has 22,000 members.  In his speech, Mr. Straus connected the meritorious service of many members in the World War with the valor of the Maccabees in issuing a call to show the same kind of dedication in combating “the corrosive, brutal theory of materialism and thereby to serve again our religion, our country and humanity.”

1929: Lt. Governor Herbert H. Lehman of New York, Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson of Pittsburgh, Joshua Kantrowitz, Ben Altenheimer and Jean Wise will address the Third Annual Chanukah Dinner sponsored by the Metropolitan Conference of Temple Brotherhoods which is being held at the Astor Hotel in New York City.

1930: In Cleveland, Ohio, Bernard Gottesman, an insurgent agent born in Hungary and his wife the former Virginia Weitzner gave birth to Irving Isadore Gottesman “a pioneer in the field of behavioral genetics whose work on the role of heredity in schizophrenia helped transform the way people thought about the origins of serious mental illness.” (As reported by Erica Goode)

1931: The first Hebrew-language feature-film "Oded Hanoded" - "Oded the Wanderer", directed by Chaim Halahmi, premiered in Tel Aviv.

1933: “Flying Down to Rio,” featuring a score by Max Steiner and songs by Gus Kahn was released in the United States.

1935(3rd of Tevet, 5696): The widow of Barond Edmond James de Rothschild, Adelheid (known as Adélaïde) passed away today, 12 months after the Baron had died.

1936: At a dinner at the Hotel Astor, the national service award of the Phi Epsilon Fraternity “consisting of a scroll and a check for $100” was given to Rabbi Stephen S. Wise for being the man “who has made during the year the most distinctive contribution to the creative life of the Jewish people.”

1936: While testifying today before the Peel Commission Moshe Shetrok cited a well-known letter from Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald to Dr. Chaim Weizmann promising Jews “a proportionate share of employment on public work in Palestine” in connection “with his allegation that the Palestine government does discriminate against Jews in public works including the railways, ports and civil services where a virtual Arab monopoly has been created.

1937: William Dodd completed his term as U.S. Ambassador to Germany.  Dodd was the first U.S. Ambassador appointed to serve as after Hitler came to power. (For more see, In the Garden of Beasts by Erik Larson)

1937: The Palestine Post reported that the General Council for Palestine Jews (Va'ad Leumi) decreed that in view of certain developments, the council was the sole body authorized to reach an agreement with the Arabs.

1937: The British press reported that the Foreign Office had become increasingly alarmed at the extent of Arab and Moslem opposition to Palestine's partition. It had not yet decided whether to appoint a new Palestine Commission, expected to implement the plan, as agreed upon with the Mandatory Commission of the League of Nations.

1937: Heavy fines and prison sentences were imposed on German Jews, accused of illegal ritual slaughtering practices.

1938: In Berlin, “officials at the Ministry of Finance would neither confirm nor deny the report” “that the 20 per cent capital levy” imposed on the Jews “as a fine for the assassination of Ernest von Rath…is to be increased to 30 per cent.”

1939: “Destry Rides Again” produced by Joe Pasternak and featuring Mischa Auer “as Boris Callahan, the henpecked Russian” was released in the United States today.

1939: U.S. premiere of “The Hunchback of Notre Dame produced by Pandro S. Berman with a script by Sonya Levien and Bruno Frank and music by Alfred Newman.

1939: “Balalaika” a movie version of the English musical directed by Reinhold Schunzel and produced by Lawrence Weingarten was released in the United States today.

1940(29th of Kislev, 5701): Fifth day of Chanukah

1940(29th of Kislev, 5701): Forty six year old Dov Hoz the native of Orsha who was one of the founders of the Haganah and the “founder and CEO of Aviron was killed in an automobile accident today.

1941(9th of Tevet, 5702): Tullio Levi-Civita passed away.  Born in 1873, Levin-Civita was an Italian mathematician who was one of the founders of absolute differential calculus (tensor analysis) which had applications to the theory of relativity. In 1887, he published a famous paper in which he developed the calculus of tensors. In 1900 he published, jointly with Ricci, the theory of tensors Méthodes de calcul differential absolu et leures applications in a form which was used by Einstein 15 years later. Weyl also used Levi-Civita's ideas to produce a unified theory of gravitation and electromagnetism. In addition to the important contributions his work made in the theory of relativity, Levi-Civita produced a series of papers treating elegantly the problem of a static gravitational field.  On September 5, 1938 the Racial Laws were passed in Italy which excluded all those of Jewish background from universities, schools, academies and other institutions. Levi-Civita was dismissed from his professorship, forced to leave the editorial board of Zentralblatt für Mathematik, and prevented from attending the Fifth International Congress of Applied Mechanics in the United States. He wrote to a former student in May 1939 “I live as a retired person and I do not move; except in summer, however, if my personal conditions allow me to move. As you maybe know, Jews have been completely expelled from Italian cultural life; in particular, I will not participate in the "Volta Congress" and will not be in Rome in September”. In the last years of his life, in spite of his moral and physical depression, Levi-Civita remained faithful to the ideal of scientific internationalism and helped colleagues and students who were victims of anti-Semitism; thanks to him, many of them found positions in South America or in the United States.

1941(9th of Tevet, 5702): A Jewish physician from Prague, Czechoslovakia, Dr. Karol Boetim dies of spotted typhus while treating patients at a Gypsy camp near the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto.

1942: Today Jan Komski and three comrades, Mieczyslaw Januszewski, Boleslaw Kuczbara, and Otto Küsel, participated in one of the most famous escapes in the history of that infamous camp. This escape was significant because it was among the first to be organized by the illegal camp resistance movement, and with the help of the local population. “In the morning of Dec 29, 1942, a two wheel cart drawn by two horses passed the gate at Auschwitz in the afternoon. It carried Kuczbara, dressed in a stolen SS uniform. Alongside walked three inmates, seemingly being escorted by the SS-man. They aroused no suspicion as Otto Küsel was known to all the Blockführers (SS Block Commanders). When they reached the check point at the border of the big sentry chain, Kuczbara showed the guards a cleverly forged pass. His uniform and the pass convinced them to allow the cart and the prisoners through. The men simply walked out of the camp. They made it to the village of Broszkowice where they met a resistance woman who gave them civilian clothes. They spent the night at the home of Andrzej Harat, who actually rented the apartment above them to an SS officer.  Mr. Komski eventually reached the city of Krakow, where he was arrested in a routine roundup as he was sitting on a train awaiting departure for Warsaw. Any escaped prisoner would have been hanged very soon after his return to Auschwitz. But, Komski was not recognized and his identity papers now bore a different name.”

1944: As he attempted to negotiate a life-saving deal with the Nazis, Rudolf Kastner found himself trapped in Vienna and unable to return to Budapest – a situation that would not change until March of 1945.

1945: Just before dawn today British Sixth Airborne Division troops threw a cordon around Ramat Gan a town of 10,000 and searched every part of it, looking for terrorists who blew up police and military installations in near-by Tel Aviv and Jaffa Thursday night.  Authorities arrested more than 800 men between the ages of 16 and 40 making this the largest action of its kind in Palestine.

1946: In Palestine, Major Paddy Brett and three non-commissioned officers serving in the British Army were flogged by attackers alleged to have been members of the Irgun.

1947: Five Jewish doctors driving back to Jerusalem from Hadassah Hospital came under attack from Arab gunman. The doctors found sanctuary with a nearby Jewish family while their attackers burned their car. 

1947: "The 29th of November", a ship filled with "illegal" Jewish immigrants, was driven off the coast of Eretz Israel by the British.  The ship was named in honor of the date when the U.N. approved the partition resolution that effectively created the Jewish state of Israel.

1947: Two ships with 7,000 immigrants are boarded by British forces before they can reach the coast of Palestine. The Jewish Agency wants to avoid confrontation with the British, knowing that immigration will open on 1 February 1948. Ben Gurion gives orders that there has to be no resistance.

1947(16th of Tevet, 5708): Moshe Rembach, a Jew who had been working for Barclays Bank since it opened in 1918, was shot and killed by Arab gunman at the entrance to bank.

1948(27th of Kislev, 5709) Third day of Chanukah

1948(27th of Kislev, 5709): Seventy year old British composer Harry Farjeon whose father was Jewish but whose mother was not passed away today.

1948: It was reported today that Dr. Edwin J. Cohn of the Harvard Medical School has been chosen to deliver the 1949 Julius Stieglitz Memorial Lecture at the University of Chicago.

1948: Israeli troops pushed deep into the Sinai and established a base at Abu Ageila, 20 miles west of the border between Egypt and Israel.

1948: As Israeli forces finally were driving out the Egyptian invaders, the United Nations called for a cease fire between the Jewish state and the Arab aggressor in the Negev.

1948: Israel responded to the UN call for a ceasefire in the Negev by saying it will continue fighting until Egypt agrees to peace talks while the British government, in a move that shows its pro-Arab and anti-Jewish bias, insists that Israel accept the UN call for an immediate ceasefire.

1948: Ralph Bunche urges the Palestine Conciliation Committee to begin its work.

1949: After premiering in October, “The Reckless Moment” directed by Max Ophüls and produced by Walter Wanger was released throughout the United States today.

1950: In New York Melanie (Shroder) and Polish-born violinist Roman Totenberg gave birth to Judge Amy Totenberg.

1952(11th of Tevet, 5713):  Beryl Rubinstein composer and piano virtuoso passed away at the age of 54.  A native of Athens, Georgia, Rubinstein was the son of a rabbi.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel protested to the West on its intensified supply of arms to the Arab states. Britain offered to sell jet planes to Israel, and in an equal number to each separate Arab state, and this would obviously give the combined Arab forces great superiority.

1953: Yosef Serflin replaced Yosef Sapir as Minister of Health

1953: Yosef Sapir replaced Yosef Serline as Minister of Transportation

1954: In New York, premiere of “Animal Farm” with music by Mátyás Seiber.

1955: Barbra Streisand makes her first recording, "You'll Never Know" at age 13

1955: In a speech to the Supreme Soviet, Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev condemns Israel as a tool of imperialist states used to threaten its Arab neighbors.

1956: Birthdate of Yehudit Ravitz, the native of Beersheba who “is one of the most successful and famous Israeli rock musicians, with a career spanning over thirty years.”

1957: Singer Steve Lawrence, born Sydney Liebowitz in Brooklyn, married fellow entertainer Eydie Gormé. He was Jewish.  She was not.

1957: In Piscataway, NJ, physicist Norman Rudnick and his wife Selma gave birth to multi-talented writer Paul M. Rucnick whose first play was “Poor Little Lambs.”

1959(28th of Kislev, 5720): Fourth Day of Chanukah

1959: Bari-Ilan University Holds First Commencement Services published today describes the baccalaureate activities at one of Israel’s newest institutions of higher education.

1960: The Israeli cabinet appointed a full committee “to examine the possibility of settlement in the northeastern Negev desert and the Arad area.”

1961: Having divorce her in 1959, today Billy Rose remarried Joyce Mathews.

1961: Jerry Herman’s off-Broadway musical “Madame Aphrodite” opened at the Orpheum Theatre.

1965: After premiering in Tokyo, “Thunderball,” four film in the James Bond series featuring Leonard Sachs was released today in the United Kingdom.

1965(6th of Tevet, 5726): Ninety five year old Avraham Shapira, the husband of Liba Rochel Shapira passed away today in Petah Tikva,

1965(6th of Tevet, 5726): Seventy-two year old German born biographer and novelist Dr. Manford George who arrived in New York as penniless refugee and resuscitated his career as the editor of Aufbau, a German weekly, passed away today.

1966: Elliot Gould and Barbra Streisand gave birth to actor Jason Gould.

1967: Birthdate of Evan Seinfeld actor, director and heavy metal bassist in the bands Biohazard and Damnocracy

1968: Israeli commandos destroyed 13 Lebanese airplanes.

1969: NBC broadcast the 16th episode of Melville Shavelson’s “My World…and Welcome to it.”

1971: After premiering in the UK in November, “Straw Dogs” starring Hoffman, produced by Daniel Melncik and with a screenplay by David Zelag Goodman was released in the United States today.

1971:  Birthdate of Jay Fiedler, quarterback for the Philadelphia Eagles.

1973: Birthdate of baseball executive Theo Epstein.

1973: An apparent terrorist plot was foiled when authorities detained two Arabs at the airport in London.

1973: While Prime Minister Golda Meir was not averse to some form of territorial compromise to gain peace with the Arabs, she said today that Israel would not descend from the Golan, will not partition Jerusalem and will not allow the distance from Natanya to the border be a mere 18 kilometers.

1974: “Soviet Jewish physicist and activist Alexander Voronel arrived in Israel.”

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Knesset endorsed the peace plan, as drafted by Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and presented to the US and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, by 64 to eight votes with 40 abstentions. More than 1,000 settlers from the administered territories protested against the plan outside the Knesset's gates.

1977: Poland was reported to be seeking to renew relations with Israel that had been severed during the 1967 war.

1980: Refusnik Yona Kolchinsky was scheduled to be called up for service in the Soviet army.

1980(22nd of Tevet, 5741): Eighty-one year old Nadezhda Mandelstam the Russian writer and widow of Osip Mandelstam passed away today.

1981(3rd of Tevet, 5742): Seventy-one year old Milton H. Mostel, the brother of Zero Mostel passed away today.

1982(13th of Tevet, 5743):  Movie producer Sol. C. Siegel passed away.  His cinematic productions included “High Society,” “No Way to Treat A Lady” and “Alvarez Kelly.”

1983(23rd of Tevet, 5744): Seventy-three year old Morris N. Kertzer who had served as a rabbi at congregations in the Bronx and Larchmont passed away today. (As reported by Ari L. Goldman)

1985: “The Jew Who Spied for the Nazis” published today provided a review of Arrows of the Almighty: The Most Extraordinary True Spy Story of World War II by Michael Bar-Zohar which tells “the tragic true story of Paul Ernst Fackenheim

1986: Eighty-one year old actress Grete Moseheim who went to England after the rise of Hitler because her father, Markus Mosheim was Jewish passed away today in New York.

1988: William Andreas Brown, the U.S. Ambassador to Israel, presented his credentials today.

1989(1st of Tevet, 5750): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Seventh Day of Chanukah

1992: The Southwestern Bell Corporation and Clal Industries of Israel will jointly bid for control of Israel's national telephone company, Clal said today.

1993: Yuval Goldan was stabbed today by a terrorist near Adarim in the Hebron area.

1993: “Ghost in the Machine” a sci-fi horror film produced by Wesleyan University grad Paul Schiff, the Bethesda born son of Charlotte and Edward Schiff was released today in the United States.

1993: The last edition of Hadashot was published today.

1995(6th of Tevet, 5756): Composer Shlomo Yoffe died in Beit-Alpha.

1995: The family of Yigal Amir, the man who murdered Prime Minister Rabin celebrated the wedding of Vardit Amir and Yithak Cohen in Tel Aviv.

1997(30th of Kislev, 5758) Rosh Chodesh Tevet

1998(10th of Tevet, 5759): Asara B'Tevet

1999: “The Hurricane” boxing biopic co-starring Live Schreiber was released today in the United States.

1999: In an op-ed article in the Wall Street Journal, Ira Stoll criticized a speech Rabbi Yitz Greenberg gave last November at the United Jewish Communities’ General Assembly in Chicago.

2002: The New York Times featured books reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about subjects of Jewish interest including the paperback edition of Middle Age: A Romance, by Joyce Carol Oates

2003: Russian Interior Ministry and FSB units seized 4,376 copies of Blowing up Russia: Terror from within printed in Latvia and purchased by Alexander Podrabinek's Prima information agency, which had passed customs control and were being trucked from Latvia to Moscow for retail delivery

2004(17th of Tevet, 5765): Chemist Julius Axelrod passed away.  Axelrod was a co-winner of the Noble Prize for Chemistry in 1970.

2004: In “Putting a Still-Vexed Play in a Historical Context” published today A.O. Scott examines “The Merchant of Venice” and its most famous character, Shylock.

2004: “The Merchant of Venice” directed by Michael Radford who “believed that Shylock was Shakespeare's first great tragic hero” and which “begins with text and a montage of how the Jewish community is abused by the Christian population” was released today in the United States 3 weeks after opening in the United Kingdom.

2005: A suicide bomber detonated an explosive device at an IDF checkpoint on the West Bank. An IDF soldier and two Palestinians were killed in addition to the bomber.

2005: Alice Loeb, daughter of Ernst Loeb and wife of John Strugnell passed away today in Grasse, France, two days after celebrating her 85th birthday.

2005(28th of Kislev, 5766): Day 4 of Chanukah

2005(28th of Kislev, 5766): Ninety five year old architect Armand P Bartos passed away today.

2006: The Jewish Daily Forward, featured a review of Jewish Ireland in the Age of Joyce: A Socioeconomic History by Cormac Ó. Gráda.  “Gráda’s new economic chronicle, “traces the history of the Jews in Ireland from 1079, when they first arrived, up until the present day. The book’s main focus is the Jewish community from the 1870s through the 1940s, roughly during the Ulysses author’s lifetime. While much has been written about the Jewishness of James Joyce’s Leopold Bloom, one of the most famous characters in all of literature, few know anything about the remarkable community in Ireland that inspired Joyce to create him.”

2007: The Chicago Tribune features a review of People of the Book, Geraldine Brook’s new novel that follows the tortuous path of the Sarajevo Haggadah.

2007: The Chicago Tribune reported that the 47,000 square foot property housing Streit’s, the last matzo factory on the New York’s Lower East Side, is going on the marked for $25 million in part of the city that is becoming increasingly gentrified.  The factory will keep producing matzo until the owners build a new one in about a year, probably in New Jersey.

2008: In “Anatomy of a Scam,” Time magazine offers a pictograph description of a Ponzi scheme as it reports that “…Bernard Madoff was arrested for allegedly bilking investors out of up to $50 billion in a Ponzi scheme described as one of history’s largest swindles.”

2008: “The U.S. Treasury gave GMAC of which Jacob Ezra Merkin served as the Non-executive Chairman of GMAC $5 billion from its $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).”

2008: The stars of the hit Broadway musical “Irving Berlin’s White Christmas” – Stephen Bogardus, Kerry O’Malley, Jeffry Denman & Meredith Patterson ring The Closing Bell at the NYSE in celebration of the holiday season.  “Irving Berlin’s ‘White Christmas,’” a new musical stage reinvention of the classic film, is now playing a limited engagement on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre.

2008(2nd of Tevet, 5769): Eighth Day of Chanukah

2008: A bottle of flammable liquid was hurled at Temple Sholom one of Chicago's oldest synagogues. The building caught fire but did not suffer “major damage.”

2008 (2 Tevet 5769): Irit Shitrit, a 36 year old mother of four who had sought shelter in a bus station was killed by a rocket in downtown Ashdod.  Her sister was one of eight other civilians injured in the attack.

2008 (2 Tevet 5769): First Staff Sgt. Lutfi Nasraldin, 38, from the Israeli Druze village of Daliyat al-Karmel was killed when two mortar shells landed in the brigade headquarters near Nachal Oz.

2008 (2 Tevet 5769) : Hani al Mahdi a 27-year-old construction worker, from the Bedouin village of Aroer was killed when a Palestinian Grad missile exploded near a construction site in the coastal town of Ashkelon. Curious onlookers gathered at the scene despite the Home Front Command's directive to avoid loitering in groups outdoors. At least 50 rockets have been fired into Israel since Monday morning - nine of which hit Ashkelon, five struck Sderot and four others which struck various towns in the western Negev. One home in Sderot sustained a direct hit. Channel 2 reported that the residents of the home have been treated for shock. "I'm standing next to the body," Ashkelon Mayor Benny Vaknin told Israel Radio by telephone, on the third day of an Israeli air offensive in the Gaza Strip. "To my great regret, we have a fatality. He was killed." Sirens wailed intermittently on Monday morning in Ashkelon as television crews captured footage of panicked residents seeking cover from the incoming projectiles. On Sunday, Gaza-based Palestinians launched a barrage of at least 40 rockets at the western Negev on Sunday, as the Israel Air Force continued to bomb targets in the Strip. Two Katyusha rockets, with a diameter of 122 mm, exploded near Ashdod on Sunday. More than 30 kilometers from Gaza, this was the deepest into Israel a Palestinian rocket has yet to strike. The Katyushas, which are the most improved versions of the Palestinian rockets, have a range of up to 40 kilometers. The particular rockets that struck on Sunday traveled 37 and 35 kilometers.

2009: In Jerusalem, Yellow Submarine (Tzolelet Tzehubah) hosts Elan Bar Lavi, the Mexican/Jerusalemite guitarist, back in Israel after an American and Mexican tour.

2009: Opening session of International Conference on Conservative Judaism: Halakhah, Culture and Sociology at The Van Leer Jerusalem Institute.

2009: Israel’s Supreme Court ruled today that a major access highway to Jerusalem running through the occupied West Bank could no longer be closed to most Palestinian traffic. In a 2-1 decision, the court said that the military had overstepped its authority when in 2002, at the height of the second Palestinian uprising, it closed the road to non-Israeli cars. The justices gave the military five months to come up with another means of ensuring the security of Israelis that permitted broad Palestinian use of the road.

2009: “The New Israeli Foundation for Cinema & TV announced today special funding to devlop scripts based on the stories of Shalom Aleichem.”

2009: Mathieu “Schneider was waived by the Vancouver Canucks” today.

2009(12th of Tevet, 5770): Eighty-three year old “David Levine, whose macro-headed, somberly expressive, astringently probing and hardly ever flattering caricatures of intellectuals and athletes, politicians and potentates were the visual trademark of The New York Review of Books for nearly half a century, died today in Manhattan.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

2010(22 Tevet): In the yearbook of the Meisel Synagogue in Prague, the 22nd of Tevet is designated as the date on which to commemorate the escape of Yosef Thein from the gallows in the Hebrew year 5383 (1622).

2010: “Judaism and Social Justice: What Can We Contribute to the Discourse in the Age of Globalization?” and “Brotherly Love: Joseph Revisited,” a session that will use close reading techniques to explore the opening of Vayeshev (Genesis 37) and gain a deeper appreciation of the complexity of the text and its surprising insights into the story of Joseph and his brothers, are two of the programs scheduled to be presented at today’s meeting of the Limmud Conference.

2010: Perez Hilton broke the news earlier today that not only is Natalie Portman who starred in “Black Swan” along with three other Jewish actresses all playing ballerinas (Mila Kunis, Winona Ryder and Barbara Hershey), now engaged to marry her choreographer from “Black Swan,” but that she is also pregnant. For those wondering about Millepied's ethnic origins, he is French, but not Jewish.

2010(22nd of Tevet, 5771): Rabbi Menachem Zeev “Wolf” Greenglass, a Chabad kabbalist and educator who exchanged hundreds of letters over the years with the Lubavitcher rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, died in Montreal today at the age of 94. Greenglass was a founder of the Rabbinical College of Canada in Montreal after escaping Europe during the Holocaust, and taught there for decades. He gave his final lecture on the Chabad philosophical treatise Tanya in 2007. Greenglass was born in Lodz, Poland, to parents who followed the Alexander Chasidic dynasty. In Poland, Greenglass became close to Rabbi Zalman Schneersohn, a descendant of the first Lubavitcher rebbe, and then enrolled in the Otwock Lubavitch yeshiva, where he met Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, the son-in-law of the then current Lubavitcher rebbe. When World War II broke out, Greenglass headed for Vilna and was among those who received later transit visas from the Japanese consul Chiune Sugihara, who saved thousands of Jews. Greenglass crossed Russia by rail, went by boat to Japan from Vladivostok and then to Shanghai before reaching Canada. Once there, Chabad tasked him to open schools, including Montreal's Beth Rivkah Girls School, and work with Jewish children in the Montreal public schools. During that time, Greenglass continued a correspondence with Schneersohn, who had become Chabad's rebbe, and who wrote to him in 1954 that "without an intellectual appreciation for the truth … one cannot expect a student to always be in total acceptance." Greenglass also maintained a lengthy correspondence with the Jerusalem mystic Rabbi Yeshaya Asher Zelig Margaliot.

2010: Liverpool marked the death of Avi Cohen with a period of applause before their Premier League match against Wolverhampton Wanderers. Cohen had been declared legally dead the day before after being involved in fatal motorcycle accident

2010: Leah Berkenwald published her “Top 10 Moments for Jewish Women in 2010”

2011: Those viewing tonight’s scheduled screening of Stanley Kubrick’s 1968 sci-fi creation, 2001: A Space Odyssey at the San Francisco MOMA will find their viewing experience enhanced if they wear the Dreidel Vission Goggles available at the Jewish Museum for a mere $3.00

2011: Rav Gav is scheduled to appear at Greek Themed International night sponsored by  HipJLM (Heneni International Programs: Jerusalem).

2011: Mrs. Raize Guttman is scheduled to present “Challah for a Kallah,” an interactive Challah class which will cover everything from the hashkafa to the halacha of baking challah as well as learning how to make new and interesting challah shapes.

2011: An 8-year-old girl who became the symbol of a recent public struggle against gender segregation and religious extremism returned to school today, for the first time since a violent incident that sparked a nation-wide protest movement. Na'ama Margolese turned into a household name last week after Channel 2 broadcasted a segment in which the young girl's described being spat on and accosted by ultra-Orthodox men over what they deemed to be her indecent apparel. The story soon became a focal point for a rising protest movement against the exclusion of women in the public sphere, with thousands of Israelis amassing in Beit Shemesh to speak out against gender segregation. Today, Na'aman, escorted by mother Hadassah, arrived at her school following the Hanukkah break, for the first time since that incident. She was welcomed by Education Minister Gideon Sa'ar and members of the Knesset's Committee on the Status of Women. The 8-year-old did not comment upon entering the school, with her mother saying that she hoped "everything we have done thus far will lead to change, and that things will be quieter from now on." Hadassah Margolese told reporters that Beit Shemesh mayor Moshe Abutbul attempted to meet with the family, who rejected his offer. "He didn't help with the harassments until now," she said, adding that she has "faith in the state and the police." "We're headed for a victory for the entire State of Israel," she said. Speaking at the occasion, Sa'ar said that Israel won't "back down in the face of bullying and threats," adding that he was "impressed by the educational actions taking place in the school in the last few months." "There's a drop in disturbances, but we need to work to make them go away completely," the education minister said.

2011: Israel's population stands at 7.836 million, the Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS) indicated today as part of its year-end survey. According to the ICBS report, Jews comprise 75.3 percent of the country's population, with 5.901 million people, with Arab citizens making up another 20.5 percent, or 1.610 million. Another 4.2 percent of Israel's population, some 325,000 people, is comprised by non-Arab Christians and those whom the Interior Ministry doesn't classified by religion. The survey also indicated that 2011 saw a 1.8 percent increase in Israel's population – 141,000 people – a rate comparable to the figures of the last decade. In Israel, 166,800 new babies were born throughout the course of the year, and about 17,500 new immigrants arrived at the country.

2012: The Rishonim String Quartet is scheduled to perform at the Eden-Tamir Music Center.

2012: “I Wish” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

2012: The Millinery Center Synagogue is scheduled to host a Kumzitz Melaveh Malka featuring Singer Songwriter Dov Shurin along with Kabalistic Insights in Judaism with Reb Yitzchak Ring

2012(16th of Tevet, 5773): On the final Shabbat of 2012, Jews read Vayehi, the final parsha of Bereshit.

2012: After reports were made public today by the PA that there had been nine deaths due to the swine flu,  “a spokesman for the Israeli health ministry said officials were monitoring the situation in the West Bank, but so far are not taking any action.”

2012: It was reported today that “Ron Dermer, an adviser to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, is set to replace Michael Oren as Israel’s ambassador to the United States, an Israeli newspaper reported.”

2013: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil by Paul Bloom and Correspondences: A Poem and Portraits by Anne Michaels and Bernice Eisenstein.

2013: In the Bronx, the Sholem-Aleichem Cultural Center is schedule to host a “Yiddish Event.”

2013: “Like Father, Like Son” and “Brokeback Mountain” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

2013: At least five Katyusha rockets were fired from Lebanon at northern Israel. Two of the rockets fired this morning exploded near the northern town of Kiryat Shemona; others reportedly landed in Lebanese territory. No injuries or damage were reported in Israel. The Israeli military returned fire in the direction of the rocket launches. (As reported by JTA and Forwards)

2013: “In Week 17 of the 2013 NFL season, Julian Edelman became the third Patriots player in team history to catch over 100 passes in a season today in the Patriots' 34–20 win over the Buffalo Bills

2013: Immigration from France and other Western European countries was up dramatically in 2013, but immigration from the US was down, according to figures released today by the Jewish Agency for Israel.(As reported by Gavriel Fiske)

2014: The Palestinians are scheduled to submit their UN Security Council statehood resolution to a vote today.

2014: “The Farewell Party” and “Boyhood” are scheduled to shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

2014: Marc Trestman, the only Jewish head coach in the NFL was fired today after two seaons.

2014: “Aryeh Deri of the Shas party offered his resignation to the ultra-Orthodox party’s steering council of rabbis today, a day after the publication of footage of the party’s late former spiritual leader criticizing Deri and praising his arch-rival Eli Yishai, the former leader of the party.” (As reported by Stuart Winer and Tamar Pileggi

2014: An Egyptian court today ban an annual festival in honor of Yaakov Abu Hatzira a Morrocan rabbi whose tomb is in the Nile Delta province of Beheira, south of Alexandria.”

2014: Yuri Kissin, “who immigrated to Israel from Russia in 1990 and is a graduate of Tel Aviv University” is scheduled to sing the title role when the Jerusalem Opera performs “Figaro” today.

2015(17th of Tevet, 5776): Forty-two year old Neil Gandler, “a Jewish tech entrepreneur who lived out of rental cars’ was shot and killed today by two burglars “while sleeping in a rented car in a gym parking lot during a failed robbery attept.

2015: The Israel Air Force Flight Academy Air Show/Graduation and Airshow/Misdar Knafaim (Wings Ceremony) is scheduled to take place today at the Chatzeirim Air Force Base near Beer Sheva. 

2015: In Jerusalem, Rabbi Fabian Schonfeld is scheduled to speak on “Wherefore Art Thou Modern Orthodoxy?”

2016(29th of Kislev, 5777): Fifth Day of Chanukah

2016: YNY is scheduled to come to an end with an “amazing Student Concert.”

2016: In Little Rock, AR, Governor Hutchinson is scheduled to “deliver Chanukah greetings a the Public Menorah Lighting sponsored by Chabad Lubavitch.

2016: “Operation Wedding” is scheduled to be screened with “The Chop,” the winner of the Pears Short Film Fund at UKJF at JW3, the Jewish Community Centre London.

2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host its New Year’s Klezmer Concert this evening.

2016: Citing “high prices as one reason for the lack of success in Israel,” “Gottex Brands, also known as Zara Group Israel, which holds the GAP franchise in Israel” announced today that it “will shut down its seven stores in Israel in 2017.”

2016: In Memphis, TN, Temple Israel is scheduled to host Shabbat Chanukah services followed by a special congregational dinner.

2017: The Exhibition “1917: How One Year Changed The World” which has opened in New York at the American Jewish Historical Society on September 1 is scheduled to come to a close today. (As reported by Julia Klein)

2017: In Jerusalem, Jodi and Gavin Samuels are scheduled to host a Shabbat Dinner that will include a presentation by “guest speaker, Michael Bassin.”



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