Friday, October 7, 2016

This Day, October 8, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin


314: In his quest to consolidate his power, Constantine I, the man who will become the first Christian Roman Emperor defeats his rival Licinius at the Battle of Cibalae. Constantine will officially transform the Roman Empire into an anti-Semitic entity. 

1075:  Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia. At this point Roman Catholicism was the dominant religion of Croatia.  But the King did have Jewish subjects. Some of them might have been able to trace their ancestry to the 3rd century when Jews first arrived in the Balkan principality.  Others may have part of the legendary Khazars who lived in the region in the 10th century.

1408: The city of Jassy (Hungarian) or Yas (Yiddish) is mentioned in business correspondence between Prince Alexander the Good (Alexandru cel Bun) and merchants from Lviv then a part of Poland. The Romanian city of Yas would become a center of Jewish settlement as well as the site of the largest massacre of Jews in Romania in World War II.

1573: In what would prove to a turning point in the Eighty Years War, the Dutch score their first victory when the Spanish siege of the Dutch city of Alkmaar comes to an end.  The war would last until 1648.  When it was over, the independence of the Netherlands would be a reality.  The Dutch Republic would provide a haven for European Jews, especially those fleeing Spain and its inquisition. 

1576: The Sultan ordered 1,000 wealthy Jews to move from Safed to Cyprus. The Jews would be requested to take with them their possessions and riches. The firman ordering the moved utilized wording which warned the Turks that they would  be severely punished if they accepted bribes from the Jews to have their names removed from the list.  A year later another 500 Jewish families would be forced to move from Safed to Cyprus.  Population movements like this were not unusual in the Ottoman Empire.  It was the Sultan’s way of encouraging economic development throughout the empire.

1600: San Marino, a small patch of land on the Italian peninsula that “claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world” adopted a written constitution. According to surviving documents, Jews have lived there since 14th century and Jews were living there when the constitution was adopted since “measures and resolutions regarding the Jews and their trades were repeatedly passed by the government in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.”

1713: Birthdate of Yechezkel ben Yehuda Landau who would gain fame as an expert on Halachah, Jewish ritual law

1780(9th of Tishrei, 5541): A week after Major John Andre is hung as a spy marking the end to Benedict Arnold’s treason, an event that unfairly implicated his Jewish aide-de-camp, Colonel Franks, Jews heard Kol Nidre.

1781: Birthdate of Abraham David, the brother of Jonas Daniel Meijer, the first Jewish lawyer in the Netherlands.

1784(23rd of Tishrei, 5545): Simchat Torah

1791(10th of Tishrei, 5552): For the first time in history, Jews in France observe Yom Kippur as equal citizens having been “emancipated” on September 28 of this year.

1799(9th of Tishrei, 5560): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is chanted for the last time in the 18th century.

1803(22nd of Tishrei, 5564): Shabbat and Shmini Atzeret

1805(15th of Tishrei, 5566): Sukkoth

1810(10th of Tishrei, 5571): Yom Kippur

1821: In Rawicz, Germany, Jewish cloth merchant Heimann Strassman and Judith Guhrauer gave birth to Dr. Wolfgang Strassman

1826: At “Klingen, near Landua, Rhenish Palatine, Samuel Weis and Agatha Levy gave birth to Julius Weis the husband of Carrie Mayer who moved to New Orleans where he was “director of the Jewish Widows’ and Orphans’ Home” and “president of the Hebrew Educational Society, Touro Infirmary and Benevolent Association and Temple Sinai

1835(15th of Tishrei, 5596): As Mexican forces move to put down the rebellion in Texas, Jews celebrate Sukkoth

1836: Birthdate of John Phillips, the native of Birmingham, England, the husband of Leah Mosely and son-in-law of Lewin Mosley, who represented Ladywood Ward in the City Council and served as President of the Birmingham Hebrew Congregation.

1837(9th of Tishrei, 5598): For the first time during the Presidency of Martin Van Buren, Kol Nidre is chanted.

1838: In Great Britain, Frederick Goldsmid and his wife Caroline Samuel gave birth to Sir Julian Goldsmid.

1841(23rd of Tishrei, 5602): Simchat Torah

1845: The Sephardic Synagogue of Kingston, Jamaica celebrated taking possession of a new Sefer Torah." The service was conducted by the Isaac Lopes, who served as rabbi for the congregation.

1848: On the day after Yom Kippur Joseph Wile, Samuel Marks, Joseph Katz, Gabriel Wile, Meyer Rothschild, Henry Levi, Jacob Altman, Joseph Altman, A. Adler, Elias Wolff, Abram Weinberg, and Jacob Gans met in Rochester, NY and formed Congregation Berith Kodesh. 

1851: “Europe” published today told the story of Jewish con artist working in the British Isles. “An old Jew” had advertised in an English country town,” that among other wondrous things he would get into a quart bottle. At the appointed time his room was filled with eager spectators. He came on the stage, and after a deal of preparation, did nothing he had promised. ‘A swindle! A swindle !’ cried one of the cheated company, who had paid his shilling to the door-keeper” who by then had disappeared.  “Amid the noise, the Jew came forward, and with imperturbable gravity said, ‘Ladies and Gentlemen; it is a svindle and vat then?’”

1857: In the Recorders Office, Nathan Levins testifies against Israel Steinhardt in a case brought by Levins claiming that Steinhard robbed him of 940 pounds in English Sterling notes. Steinhard then has a chance to rebut Levins’ claims.  The story is a tale that takes the court across Europe and involves a variety of convoluted transactions.  The story is even harder to understand because neither party speaks English nor testimony has to be translated.  Apparently the 20 Jews attending the hearing were not affected by the language barrier since, like the plaintiff and defendant they came from Germany or Hungary.  The case was continued until tomorrow.

1862(14th of Tishrei, 5623): Erev Sukkoth

1862: During the Civil War, in Kentucky, Union forces defeat the Confederates at the Battle of Perryville which means the family of future Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis who supported Abraham Lincoln’s candidacy will continue to live under the Stars and Stripes.

1862: Brooklyn Backs the President" published today described the support being given Mr. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. The speech by James S. Wadsworth demonstrates how deeply the story of the Exodus from Egypt inspired the Abolitionist Movement showing once again the important role that Jewish ideals and idioms have played in man’s march towards freedom. General Wadsworth told the crowd that “In ancient times, when the Hebrews, escaping out of the house of bondage, stood upon the shores of the Red Sea, with the hosts of Pharaoh hovering on their rear, conservatism shrunk back and feared to wet its sandals in the angry waves. But the Book of Books tells us that the Lord said unto Moses, "Speak unto the children of Israel that they go forward!" They obeyed, and Pharaoh and his his hosts sank like lead in the waters. The age of miracles is past. In our country, vox populi, vox Dei. Our great cause confronts a sea of difficulties, before which timid souls stand appalled. But, the Proclamation reveals to us the land of promise, the Canaan beyond the floods. Let the people, the vox Dei, say unto the President, ‘Abraham, speak unto the armies of the Union that they go forward!’”

1865(18th of Tishrei, 5626): Chol Ha Moed Sukkoth

1865(18th of Tishrei, 5626): Fifty-three year old Moravian born violinist and composer Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst passed away in Nice.

1867(9th of Tishrei, 5628): Erev Yom Kippur

1868: Oswald Hönigsmann who “represented the city of Brody in the Galician Diet delivered a speech today in behalf of the emancipation of the Jews” which helped bring a victory for Franz Smolka’s effort to gain full civil rights for the Jews.

1869:  President Franklin Pierce passed away.  Pierce was one of those forgettable mediocrities who served in the White House in the decade before the Civil War. His record of dealing with Jews is limited and mixed.  Franklin Pierce was the first and maybe the only President whose name appears on the charter of a synagogue. Pierce signed the Act of Congress in 1857 that amended the laws of the District of Columbia to enable the incorporation of the city's first synagogue, the Washington Hebrew Congregation.  Washington Hebrew Congregation is one of the oldest and largest Reform Congregations in the Washington Metropolitan Area.  But two years before, in November of 1855, Pierce signed a treaty with Switzerland that had been ratified by the Senate.  The treaty allowed the Swiss government to discriminated again American citizens who were Jews so that the treatment of American Jews would be consistent with the treatment of Swiss Jews by their government.

1871(23rd of Tishrei, 5632): Simchat Torah

1871:  The Great Chicago Fire made its impact felt the area settled by Jews of German origins.  It was referred to by some as The Golden Ghetto.  This was in contrast to the area where eastern European and Russian Jews settled which was known as just The Ghetto.  This area suffered a fair amount of damage in the less famous Fire of 1874.

1873: It was reported today that the Jews of Cleveland, Ohio have raised $800 which they have sent to Shreveport, LA and Memphis, TN to help those suffering from the current Yellow Fever Epidemic.

1875(9th of Tishrei 5636): Erev Yom Kippur

1877: It was reported today that Dr. De Sola Mendez is scheduled to give a lecture on “Young America” at an upcoming meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.

1879(21st of Tishrei, 5640): Hoshana Raba

1881(15th of Tishrei, 5642): Sukkoth

1882: It was reported today that sometime in the first two weeks of November, Edward Harrigan’s new play, “Mordecai Lyons” will premiere at the Theatre Comique.  The play tells the story of a Jewish father who forces her to marry a man not of her choosing.  The play is “both humorous and dramatic” and portrays a father who loves a daughter who has been touched by misfortune.

1882: “Romance of the Jews” published today provides a detailed review of The Jews of Barnow, a collection of stories by Karl Emil Franzos.

1882: “Songs of a Semite” published today provides a detailed review of Songs of a Semite: The Dance to Death and Other Poems by Emma Lazarus.

1883: Birthdate of Nobel Prize winner, Otto Heinrich Warburg, the son of Emil Warburg who was related to the famous family of Jewish financier.  However, Warburg’s father had converted to Christianity as a result of an undisclosed family dispute.

1886: It was reported today that Kaiser Wilhelm has sent the Sultan of Morocco a gift – 12 volumes of the Talmud in Hebrew. (I have no idea why the German Emperor would send the Muslim monarch such a gift.)

1886(9th of Tishrei, 5647): Erev Yom Kippur

1886: “Yom Kippur” published today opens with the following “From sunset this evening until tomorrow at sunset there will be observed by some seven or eight million Israelites scatter all over the globe the…solemn festival of Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement.” In describing the history and customs of the day, J.S. Moore contends that “there is no other religion…that has a similar festival.  The great object is…that one a year one day out of the 365 shall be set apart for no other purposed than to commune with God, confess the errors of life and perchance resolve to amend them.”

1886: “Veteran Rosenberg’s Death” published today described the life and death of Joseph Rosenberg, the 102 year old Jewish citizen of New Orleans who was buried yesterday.  A native of Baden, Germany, he served with Napoleon’s French Army when he captured Moscow.  He came to the Crescent City in 1852 where he raised a family that included 3 daughters.

1886: “A Suicide in the Tombs” published today described how Solomon Goldberg, a Polish Jew, being held in the jail was able to hide a knife from authorities which he then used to kill himself.

1886: It was reported today that Emperor of Germany has sent the Sultan of Morocco 12 volumes of the Talmud, in Hebrew, as a gift. (I cannot find a reason for this)

1886: Theatre receipts were considerably less tonight than normal because the Jewish patrons were observing “the Jewish fast of Yom Kippur.”

1887: In New York City Josephine Morgenthau and Henry Morgenthau, Sr. gave birth to Alma Morgenthau.

1888: “Eating The Old Mare” published today described a dinner hosted by Dr. Rush S. Huidekeper, Chief of the Veterinary School of the University of Pennsylvania during which he told his guests that “the only beef that is properly inspected is that eaten by the” Jews, “which is killed according to their rules.”

1889: Members of Ahavath Chesed met tonight “and voted to all they could” to help raise money for the establishment of a “Jewish Cooper Union.”  At the same meeting, “a delegation from the Young Men Hebrew’s Association” pledged their support for this endeavor.

1889: In Cortland, NY, Abraham H. Jachles of Binghamton, NY marred Emily J. Klein of Walterboro, SC.


1890: “An Impossible Shekel” published today described the discovery of coin which the owner claims to be a shekel from the time of Simon the Macabee which is impossible because it has markings including a Star of Bethlehem, that were never used on the genuine coins which made of silver and copper while this one is make of gold, bronze and platinum.


1890: Birthdate of Samuel “Sam” Hoffenstein, the native of Russia who became an American newspaperman before moving to Los Angeles where pursued a successful career as a screenwriter.

1890: At today’s annual meeting of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society Orphan Asylum Mrs. Philip J. Joachimsen was elected President.

1891: August Belmont received a telegram today in Louisville, KY telling him that the home he and his family were renting in New York had burned down to which he replied “that he would come to New York at once.”

1891: “A dispatch from the St. Petersburg to the New York Daily News says that the United States Immigration Commissioners who have been visiting Russia” were impressed the conditions of suffering under which the Jews of Russia were living.

1891: At Rochester (NY) University, President Hill addressed the Query Club, “a literary club composed largely of young people from Temple Bortih Kodesh” on the subject of “Higher Education.”

1891(6th of Tishrei, 5652): Seventy-two year old Dr. Jacob Eduard Polak “the pioneer of modern medicine in Iran” who served as personal physician to the Shah passed away today.

1892: A fire that started in the rooms of Moritz Feinman, spread to the rest of the tenement at 100 Suffolk Street which drove the nearly 100 residents all of whom were Jewish out into the street.

1892: In New York, Jewish Americans begin the observance of Columbus Day which marks the 400th anniversary of the discovery of the New World.

1892: At Park East Synagogue Rabbi Bernard Drachman delivered a sermon entitled “Israel’s Debt of Gratitude to Columbus and America.

1893: In the elections for the Reichstag, “the Anti-Semites” are running against the Conservatives and National Liberals in seven districts of which they “may capture four.”

1893: Birthdate of Ada Fishman who made aliyah in 1912, played an active role in the development of pre-State Palestine and as Ada Maimon was a member of the first Knesset.

1894: “The east side Hebrew Anarchists have completed preparations to burlesque the fast of Yom Kippur” which begins tomorrow evening, with an evening that will include dancing, singing and a speech by anarchist Emma Goldman at the Clarendon Hall.

1894: “Dental surgeon and businessman Dr. Hugo Ascher and Minna Luise Ascher gave birth to Charlotte Hedwig the younger sister of painter Fritz Ascher a protégé of Max Liebermann

1895: German born American-Jewish inventor/businessman, Emil Berliner founded the Berliner Gramophone Company which was to produce “flat gramophone records” or what would be called phonograph records.  He designed the disc model which replaced Edison’s cylinders.

1895: Birthdate of future Laborite MP and death penalty foe, Sydney Silverman.

1895: The Executive Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis is scheduled to meet this morning in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1896: In Oregon, Joseph Simon was elected to the U.S. Senate, making him the first Jew to represent the Beaver State in the Upper Chamber of Congress. 

1896: It is reported today that the Sultan is demanding a payment of $220,000 from the Grand Rabbi following rioting in Hasskeuy.

1897: “Care of Russian Jews” published today includes a denial by prominent Jewish leaders including Oscar S. Strauss and Jacob Schiff that “the Baroness de Hirsch has given directions” to end the financing of schemes to send Russian Jews to Argentina and “has ordered that the balance of the funds…be devoted to the establishment of technical and industrial schools in Russia.”

1898(22nd of Tishrei, 5669): Shemini Atzeret

1898: In response to the announcement by Ismail Bey, the Civil Governor of Crete that Turkish troops are being withdrawn from the island as demanded by Great Britain, Russia, France and Italy, Jews, Christians and Moslems are crowding aboard steamers leaving Crete.

1898: “Gladstone” published today provided a review of The Story of Gladstone’s Life by Justin McCarthy includes chapters on “the long with duel with Disraeli in the House of Common” and his “advocacy of the admissions of Jews to Parliament.”

1900(15th of Tishrei, 5661): Sukkoth

1900: Birthdate of Serge Ivan Chermayeff, “a Russian born, British architect, industrial designer, writer, and co-founder of several architectural societies, including the American Society of Planners and Architects.”

1900: Herzl met with the Austro-Hungarian Prime Minister, Ernest von Koerber.

1904: Edmonton, Alberta was incorporated as a city today. Jews had been living there for more than a decade. The first Jews, Abraham and Rebecca Cristall - came to what was then an unincorporated community in 1893.  George and Rose Cristall were the first Jews born in the town. By the time of incorporation there were 17 Jews living in what would become Alberta’s capital city. 

1904: Prince Albert, Saskatchewan was incorporated as a city. By this time two colonies had been established by Baron Hirsch’s Jewish Colonization Society – the second of which was called Hirsch, Saskatchewan founded in 1892. Among the Jews who had come to Saskatchewan and left before the incorporation of Prince Albert were Ekiel and Mindel Bronfman of Seagram’s Whiskey fame. Two years after the incorporation, Jewish immigrants from Lithuania would establish The Edinbridge Hebrew Colony, another of the settlements created by the Jewish Colonization Society

1905: Founding of the Society for domestic art and industry in Palestine.

1907: Today King Edward VII’s private secretary wrote to Nathaniel Mayer, known as “Natty” the first Lord Rothschild who was an Executor of Benjamin Disraeli’s estate concerning “letters of a very confidential and family nature that may been written by the late Queen Victoria to Lord Beaconsfield between 1874 and 1880.”

1908: Mr. and Mr. William E. Dodd gave birth to Martha Dodd. Martha accompanied her father to his posting as FDR’s first ambassador to Hitler’s Germany.  A romantic figure, she finally became aware of the danger presented by the Nazi regime

1909(23rd of Tishrei, 5670): Simchat Torah

1912(27th of Tishrei, 5673): Dr. Morris Loeb, Professor of Chemistry and Columbia, who was a noted scientist and philanthropist, passed away today.  He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Eda K. Loeb.

1912: In Elmira, NY, founding of the Hebrew Institute.

1913(7th of Tishrei, 5674): Seventeen year old Schore Feitelsohn passed away today.

1915: It was announced today that “Catholics, Protestants and Jews have joined at Columbia University’s Teacher College in a co-operative union to be known as the Students’ Religious Organization.”

1915: It was reported today that “Djemal Pasha is especially annoyed because of the Zion Mule Corps which consists of volunteers from among the Jewish refugees from Palestine who are engaged in transport work at Gallipoli.

1915: It was reported today that “Djemal Pasha has announced he will extirpate Zionism root and branch and that not a single Jew will be allowed to re-enter Palestine.”

1915: It was reported today “about five hundred Jewish women are confined at the Bella Vista Hotel at Jaffa” where they are suffering “much privation.”

1916(11th of Tishrei, 5677): In New York, retired realtor Samuel Hirsch, the husband of Eugenia Hirsch, whose estate was appraised at $774, 928 passed away today.

1916: It was reported today that an exhaustive report “purports to show that the (Russian) military censor was in definite alliance with the anti-Semitic press and took every” opportunity “to fan the flames of racial antagonism and hatred by having the Jew proclaimed as an enemy of Russia, more to be feared even than the German invader…so that every attempt to reveal the truth about the Jewish solider, his bravery, his fortitude, his unselfishness, the suffering of his helpless wife and children was systematically suppressed.”

1917(22nd of Tishrei, 5678): Shemini Atzeret

1817: It was reported today that there are more than 50,000 Jewish soldiers serving in the U.S. Army, “a percentage far in excess of the ratio of Jews to the general population.

1918: Birthdate of Arthur Mendelowitz, the native of Sighetu Marmației who survived Auschwitz, joined Mosad and gained fame as Amos Manor the Director of Shin Bet.

1918: During World War I, in France, on the Western Front U.S. Army Corporal Samuel Sampler charged an enemy bunker that was inflicting severe causalities and using hand-grenades neutralized the enemy position allowing the unit to continue his advance.  He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his action.

1920: Harry H. Schlact was “appointed special assistant commissioner of immigration” today.

1924(10th of Tishrei, 5685): Yom Kippur

1925: Birthdate of NYU basketball star Sidney Tanenbaum who “won the 1947 Bar Kochba Award, which honored him as the best Jewish American athlete.”

1926: The New York Times reported that Jews in Palestine have called upon the British government not to let Arabs be the ones to repair Rachel’s Tomb.

1927: With Jewish editor Herman Bermstein acting as interpreter Mordachai Golinkin, conductor of the Palestine Opera and former director of the Petrograd Opera, told reporters at the Ansonia Hotel how he, his wife, Lea, lyric soprano, and G. Giorini, dramatic tenor, had been detained on Ellis Island for three days. Golinkin had nothing but praise for the way in which he was treated during the internment and expressed a desire to return to the Island to give a concert.  Golinkin is in this country to raise $200,000 to build an opera house in Palestine.  Nathan Struas and Herman Bernstein “were greatly impressed by the artistic merits” of Golinikin’s productions in Israel which have included performances of Fause and Aida in Hebrew.

1927(12th of Tishrei, 5688): Judith Solis-Cohen passed away.

1927: In Bahía Blanca, Argentina, were Máxima (Vapniarsky) and Lázaro Milstein, a Jewish Ukrainian immigrant gave birth to biochemist César Milstein who “shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984”

1928:  Joseph Szigeti, the Jewish Hungarian violinist, gives the first performance of Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.

1928(24th of Tishrei, 5689): Silent screen comedian Larry Semon reportedly passed away. Semon directed, wrote and starred in the silent screen version the Wizard of Oz. There are those who contend that this is not the date of Semon’s death. According to them, Semon was in financial trouble and he faked his death to get away from his creditors.  However, they have not been able to come up with alternative date for his death.

1928: Hungarian born Joseph Szigeti performed in the début of Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto. Szigeti is one more in a long line of Jewish virtuoso violinists.

1928: Several people were injured today and three were arrested in “a clash between Hebraist and partisans of the Yiddish language” at Tel Aviv.  “The occasion for the clash was a celebration by the Poale Zion Club commemorating the 20th anniversary of the Czernowitz Conference, where Yiddish was proclaimed as ‘a national language’ of the Jewish people.” G’dud Magginei Ha’saf-fah “a youth organization ‘for the protection of the Hebrew language’ was responsible for the attack.  Among the injured was M. Wescher, a Poale Zion leader and member of the Tel Aviv Municipal Council.

1930: In Pittsfield, MA, Harry and Ruth Klein Kaufman gave birth to Donald Kaufman, the Vice President of KB Toys who was responsible for creating “one of the largest and most valuable collections of antique toy cars and trucks in the world.”

1931: Berlin Alexanderplatz: die Geschichte Franz Biberkopfs (Berlin Alexanderplatz: the story of Franz Biberkopfs) with a script co-authored by Bruno Alfred Döblin premiered today.

 1931: The Habima Theater opened in Tel Aviv. Founded by Nahum Zemach in 1917 in Moscow, Habima (Hebrew word meaning “the stage”) was one of the first Hebrew language theatre groups.  The group left the Soviet Union in 1926 and went on tour before finally settling in Tel Aviv.  Habima was designated as the national theatre in 1958.

1931(27th of Tishrei, 5692): General Sir John Monash, who was the highest ranking Jewish officer to serve in the Australian Army during  the World War I and who served with distinction at Gallipoli and on the Western Front passed away.

1932: In Brooklyn, electrical engineer Irwin Appel and the former Lillian Sender gave birth to Kenneth Ira Appel, a “mathematician who harnessed computer” (As reported by Dennis Overbye)

1935(22nd of Tishrei, 5697): Shemini Atzeret

1936: Birthdate of Rona Burstein, who gained fame as Hollywood gossip columnist Rona Barrett

1936: Abraham Kaiser, a Jew living in Duisburg, Germany was sentenced by a National Socialist tribunal to one and a half years imprisonment “for writing to a friend in America a letter that contained uncomplimentary remarks about Chancellor Hitler and the National Socialist party.”

1936: A newspaper article published today said that “a nationwide unofficial army was being formed by a WPA group to ‘fight reds’ and quoted” “Wilbert Eldred, a middle-aged employee in the Procurement Division of the Unite States Treasury Department” “as saying that the ‘growing influence of Reds and Jews was menacing the country.’”

1937: The Palestine Post reported that the Franco-Luxembourg-German borders were closed to Jews. All trains arriving at the border were searched and Jews were turned back. Jews seeking to return to Germany were also turned back. In Germany Jews were called to police stations and asked point-blank when they were going to emigrate, or they would face serious consequences.

1937: “Lance Spy” directed by Gregory Ratoff, co-starring Peter Lorre and featuring Luther Adler, Fritz Feld, Joseph Schildkraut and Maurice Moscovith was released in the United States today.

1938: The Slovak Peoples' Party establishes Hlinkova Garda (Hlinka Guard), an anti-Semitic militia that will collaborate with the Germans.

1938: Jewish composer David Rose marries Martha Raye

1939: A new Nazi–Soviet agreement was reached by an exchange of letters between Vyacheslav Molotov and the German Ambassador

1939: Birthdate of Harvey Pekar, the son of Jewish immigrants from Poland, whose autobiographical comic book “American Splendor” would “a cult following for its unvarnished stories of a depressed, aggrieved Everyman negotiating daily life in Cleveland” and would become “ the basis for a critically acclaimed 2003 film.”

1939: The Nazis ordered to the establishment of a Ghetto in Piotrkow, Poland. This was the first of a series of ghettos and camps planned by Heydrich.

1939: “The reported plan of Chancellor Hitler to establish a Jewish State in Polish territory was condemned” today “by the annual conference of the Order of the Sons of Zion.”

1939: The Nazis orchestrated a pogrom against the Jews of Lodz.

1939: “Writer Sees Nazis Leaving No Choice” provided a summary of the views of Anne O’Hare McCormick of the editorial staff of The New York Times on Hitler’s peace proposals most of which she dismissed except for his proposal of “setting up some sort of a Jewish state in Poland – a Hitler homeland for the Jews” which she said “is at least interesting.

1939: Hitler declared that Będzin would be among the Polish territories annexed by Germany which marked the start of the resettlement of 30,000 Jews from other communities in the Polish city.

1939: Germany annexed Western Poland marking the next level of the downward spiral that would come to be known as the Final Solution.

1939: At the annual conference of the Order of the Sons Of Zion a resolution was adopting terming Hitler’s reported plan to establish a Jewish State in Polish territory “a hypocritical scheme fraught with the gravest of dangers to European Jewry.”

1939: Pastor John Hayes Holmes of the Community Church delivered a sermon giving reasons for the United States to remain neutral based in part on the unworthiness of the government of Poland “a place where Jews were a little more miserable than in Germany.”

1940: Dr. Louis L. Mann, the rabbi of Temple Sinai, is scheduled to officiate at the funeral of Henry Horner, the Governor of Illinois. Follow the funeral, the Governor will be interred at Mount Mayriv Cemetery in a grave next to his mother.

1941(17th of Tishrei, 5702: Third Day of Sukkoth

1941: “The Auschwitz II extermination camp, better known as Auschwitz-Birkenau” was founded today.

1941(17th of Tishrei, 5702): Fifty-four year old lyricist Gus Kahn who wrote an untold number of hit songs during the 1920’s and 1930’s and was the father of songwriter Donald Kahn passed away today.

1941(17th of Tishrei, 5702: The Vitebsk (Belorussia) Ghetto is liquidated; more than 16,000 Jews are killed.

1941: “The prosecutor, Gaston Cassagneau, handed Leon Blum an “additional indictment” that included a lengthy critique of the Popular Front and ended with these words: “Because the unjustifiable weakness of M. Léon Blum’s government compromised both production in the short run and the moral state of the producers, he betrayed the duties of his office.”


1942: The USS Drum, the ship on which Maruice Rindskopf spent all of World War II, contacted a convoy of four freighters, and defying the air cover guarding the ships, sank one of the cargo ships before bombs forced her deep.

1943(9th of Tishrei, 5704):Erev Yom Kippur

1943(9th of Tishrei, 5704):: Three thousand Italian prisoners of war are murdered by the SS and Ukrainian guards at La Risiera di San Sabba, Italy, south of Trieste. Of 1,920 Jews in Trieste, 620 are murdered by the SS.

1943(9th of Tishrei, 5704): On the eve of the Jewish Day of Atonement, several thousand ill or weak Jewish men are gassed at Auschwitz.

1943: Birthdate of R.L. Stine.  Born Robert Lewis Stine, the author is known for his science fiction works.

1944(21st of Tishrei, 5705): Hoshana Rabbah

1944: The Gestapo began arresting members of the anti-Nazi Ehrenfeld Group.

1945(1st of Cheshvan, 5706): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1945(1st of Cheshvan, 5706): Austrian born author, Felix Salten passed away.  Born Siegmund Salzmann, Salten is best known as the creator of Bambi.  Salten fled the Nazis and spent the last years of his life in Switzerland.

1945: As part of the protest against British treatment of the Jews in Palestine and those trying to reach Palestine Rabbis throughout Palestine are scheduled to add Psalm XX which beings “Let the King hear us when we call” to the daily prayer service.

1945: As part of the protest against British policy in Palestine, 50,000 Jews attended a rally in Tel Aviv and tens of thousands more attended a rally at Edison Hall in Jerusalem where they demanded an end to the White Paper.

1945: In an attempt to spare European Jewish refugees another winter in displaced person camps, Zionist leaders spent two and half hours with the new Colonial Secretary, Arthur Creech Jones, discussing ways to improve British-Jewish relations” in Palestine.

1945: In a sign of Jewish frustration with the continued British enforcement of the White Paper, the Stern Gang reportedly resorted to a new wave of violence tonight with attacks that resulted in the death of two British soldiers and the wounding of scores of others.

1945: “The Seventh Veil” a melodrama with a score by Benjamin Frankel was released today in the UK.

1946(15th of Tishrei, 5710): Shabbat and Sukkoth

1948: In Egypt, “the issuance of export and import licenses to Jewish merchants was forbidden,.”

1948: A group of settlers from Hungary founded Kibbutz Ga’aton in the hill country east of Nahariya. According to some it is named for the Ga’aton River which flows nearby.  According to others, it is named for a town thought to have existed in the area before the Babylonian exile.  Regardless, the kibbutz fell under immediate attack from Arabs shooting from the surrounding hills.

1949: The curtain came down temporarily on “Lend an Ear” a musical revue featuring sketches by Joseph Stein ending its run at the Broadhurst Theatre so it could move to the Schubert Theatre.

1950: The Third Maccabiah, the first one to be held in the state of Israel, came to an end today.

1951: “The third government of Israel was formed by David Ben-Gurion.

1952(19th of Tishrei, 5713): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1952: In Chicago, Ruth Ellen (née Reich) and Allen Zwick gave birth to Harvard graduate and director/screenwriter/producer Edward Zwick who directed such gems as Glory and Legends of the Fall but shared in the Oscar for the fluffy “Shakespeare in Love.”

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Dov Shilansky, Gavriel Lichtman, a taxi driver, and Ya'acov Lotan, a regular contributor to the Herut newspaper, were remanded by police in connection with the attempt to sabotage the Israel-German reparations agreement by bombing one of the Foreign Ministry buildings in Jerusalem's Hakirya.

1953: ABC broadcast the first episode of “Where’s Raymond” a sitcom produced by Stanley Shapiro.

1959: LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series.  The Dodgers team featured two Jewish players who were brothers – the pitcher Larry Sherry and the catcher Norm Sherry.  Larry Sherry was a rookie who appeared as a relief pitcher in all four of the Dodgers’ victories.

1961: “Actors Joyce and Byrne Piven gave birth to movie director Shira Piven, the sister of actor Jeremey Piven.

1962(10th of Tishrei, 5723): Yom Kippur

1964: “Outrage,” a western film directed by Martin Ritt, with a script by Michael Kanin and starring Paul Newman, Laurence Harvey, Edward G. Robinson, William Shatner and Howard Da Silva (so many Jews) was released today in the United States by MGM.

1969: “The Monitors” a sci-fi comedy starring Avery Schreiber and Larry Storch and featuring Adam Arkin, Alan Arkin and Stubby Kaye was released in the United States today.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, two Israeli attempts to reach the east bank of the Suez were beaten back by Egyptian soldiers equipped with Soviet supplied anti-tank weapons.  IDF forces facing Syria were more successful.  Although outnumbered, the IDF forces halted the advance of the Syrians into Israel and by the end of the day have driven them back to the 1967 Armistice Lines and beyond. 

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.

1973: Buoyed by initial Egyptian and Syrian military success, numerous Moslem and Arab states offered aid and support to the aggressors.  The Algerians sent squadrons of planes.  The King of Morocco called on soldiers in his army to volunteer to fight with the Egyptians.  Idi Amin ordered all Ugandan officers in Egypt to join in the fight.  And the Prime Minister of Bangladesh sent telegrams stating the his 75 million countrymen supported the Egyptians and the Syrians “in your just cause” 

1973: Israelis were alarmed by news from the front, which was fragmentary and not good.  Their fears were heightened when a civil defense spokesperson urged Israelis who did not have a shelter to start digging one and that those who had small shelter should enlarge them.  The only good news was Australian volunteers were arriving to perform the work of civilians who had been mobilized and that American Jews had already raised $100 million for the Israeli war effort. 

1973: After touring both battle fronts, Maj. Gen. Haim Bar-Lev and Minister Yigal Allon reported to Prime Minister Meir this evening that the Israeli forces' situation is beginning to improve, while the enemy forces are beginning to suffer serious damage."What they achieved today as compared to yesterday is enormous," Allon said. "The front was breached yesterday. If the Syrians had been more daring, they'd have made significant gains."Bar-Lev explained the Egyptian and Syrian successes as being partly due to technological superiority. "Both have the new Soviet tank plus infrared," he said. "They have an advantage there. On the first night we were surprised; we only knew they had it in theory ... Today we know about it and take it into account."

1973: The 17th Battalion of the Golani Brigade moved up the slopes of Mt. Hermon in the opening round of the Second Battle of Mount Hermon.

1973: Tonight, the Israeli missile boats repeated their success of last night off the Egyptian coast, with three Egyptian missile boats sunk and no Israeli vessel hit. For the remainder of the war, neither the Syrian nor Egyptian fleets would venture out again, enabling more than 100 freighters carrying vital supplies to safely reach Israel, which was in the throes of a brutal, two-front ground war.

1973: Kobi Hayun, Micahel Dvir, Shabtai Ben-Shua, Yoram Peled and Boaz Lerner all made it safely back to Israeli lines when their F-4E Phantom Jets were shot down Syrian SAM’s or Egyptian Anti- Aircraft fire.

1973: Yoram Shachar was taken prisoner after his F-4E Phantom Jet was shot down by a Syrian Surface to Air Missile.

1973: As the Vale of Tears Battle entered its third day the outmanned and outgunned 7th Brigade fought off attacks by the 7th Infantry Division, the 3rd Armored Division and the Assad Republican Guards which by the end of the day left the Israelis with at least fifty dead, untold more wounded and less than 45 working tanks but the IDF continued to blunt the Syrian advance.

1975: “Hearts of the West” a comedy directed by Howard Zieff and co-starring Alan Arkin was released in the United States today.

1976: Paramount releases “Marathon Man,” the movie version of the book by William Goldman starring Dustin Hoffman.

1977: White supremacist Joseph P. Franklin shot and killed three people outside of a suburban St. Louis synagogue including Gerald Gordon.

1978(7th of Tishrei, 5739): Seventy-six year old Eliyahu Sasson, the native of Damascus who made Aliyah in 1927 who filled several ambassadorial positions, served as an MK and cabinet minister passed away today.

1979: In a case of “poetic justice” “two Palestinian terrorists were injured attempting to plant a bomb near the Tomb of the Patriarchs.”

1980(28th of Tishrei, 5741): Seventy-three year old David I. Arkin, an innocent victim of the McCarthy Red witch hunt and the father of actor Alan Arkin whose most famous musical effort was the song “Black and White” which celebrated the 1954 Supreme Court Decision that put an end to the legal prop for racially segregated schools passed away today.

1981(10th of Tishrei, 5742): Yom Kippur

1981(10th of Tishrei, 5742): Heinz Kohut an Austrian-born American psychoanalyst best known for his development of Self psychology, an influential school of thought within psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory which helped transform the modern practice of analytic and dynamic treatment approaches passed away.

1981 ABC broadcast the first episode of Taxi’s Fourth Season directed by James Burrows.

1985(23rd of Tishrei, 5746): Simchat Torah

1985: “An English-language production of Les Misérables” which was a product of a collaboration of Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg premiered in London at The Royal Shakespeare Company’s Barbican Theatre.

1985: The hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrendered after the ship arrived in Port Said, Egypt. Before surrendering, the hijackers threw Leon Klinghoffer, a wheel-chair bound passenger, over the side of the boat.

1986: The Providence Journal "Navy Rabbi To Join Iceland Team: Russian immigrant's grandson picked to lead staff services,” a story about the role of Rabbi Arnold E. Resnicoff, the U.S. Navy Chaplain sent to Iceland to lead services during the meetings laying the groundwork for the Reagan-Gorbachev Summit.

1987(15th of Tishrei, 5748): Sukkoth

1988: “Jamie Sue Gangel, a network television correspondent for NBC News, and Daniel Silva, a writer and producer for CNN, both in Washington, were married today at the Mayflower Hotel.”

1988: NBC broadcast the first episode of season four of Golden Girls, a sitcom starring Beatrice Arthur and Estelle Getty with theme music by Andrew Gold.

1988: NBC broadcast the first episode of the sitcom created by “Empty Nest” created by Susan Harris (née Spivak).

1990: Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters. The riots occurred at the Temple Mount and were part of the orchestrated violence against Israelis now known as the First Intifada.  For those of you who like symmetry or have a sense of irony, the Second version of this organized terror would begin in the same place at the same time of the year when Arafat rejected Barak’s peace offer. 

1992:  Willy Brandt, former Chancellor of Germany, passed away.  The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize had opposed the Nazis when he was a youth living in Germany.  In 1970, Brandt made a highly emotional visit to Warsaw where he fell to his knees in front of the Memorial to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. This silent act of contrition spoke volumes to the world about the new Germany and the willingness take responsibility for its past. In writing about the trip Brandt said, “An unusual burden accompanied me on my way to Warsaw. Nowhere else had a people suffered as in Poland.  The machine-like annihilation of Polish Jewry represented a heightening of bloodthirstiness that no one had held possible.  On my way to Warsaw [I carried with me] the memory of the fight to the death of the Warsaw ghetto. As moving as these words were then, they are even more so now as another generation of leaders has risen filled with inclination to minimize their personal pasts and the Jewish element that made the Holocaust unique.

1993: Edward Rothstein gives a less than an enthusiastic review of Ezra Laderman’s “Marilyn” which was “a City Opera commission” that “opened a world-premiere festival in honor of the company’s 50th anniversary.”

1993: Seventy-five year old Robert Constant Moses, a native of Phillip, SD, a graduate of Beloit High School who was a WW II veteran, a draftsman at Barber Coleman and the father of Nancy Margulis, who became a pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community, was laid to rest today at the Mt. Tabor Cemetery.

1993: “Mr. Jones,” a romantic drama written by Eric Roth was released in the United States today by TriStar Pictures.

1993: “Gettysburg” a massive Civil War epic co-produced by Robert Katz, featuring John Rothman and with a memorable score by Randy Edelman was released today in the United States.

1997(7th of Tishrei, 5758): American architect Bertrand Goldberg best known for the Marina City complex in Chicago, Illinois, the tallest residential concrete buildings in the world at the time of completion passed away.

1999: “The Last Day” an Oscar winning documentary that ‘tell the story of five Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust” was released today in the United Kingdom.

2000(9th of Tishrei, 5671): Erev Yom Kippur

2000: The Sunday New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics related to Judaism including Quarrel & Quandry: Essays by Cynthia Ozick, Einstein In Love: A Scientific Romance by Dennis Overbye, Dream Catcher: A Memoir by Margaret A. Salinger and The Second Coming of Steve Jobs by Alan Deutschman

2000: In an article entitled “Flash Point: Temple Mount is Holy Ground; Muslims Must Recognize Shrine’s Importance to Judaism” Aron U Raskas of the Baltimore Sun wrote “Ten days ago, former defense minister had the good fortune to be able to do that which Jews dispersed for centuries in the diaspora could only hope, dream and pray for: On the eve of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year - the liturgy of which is replete with recollections of [Abraham]'s selfless act on the Temple Mount and with prayers for a restoration of the divine presence to this site - Sharon dared to peacefully tread upon this hallowed Jewish ground. The second lesson is that, even after seven years of delusional thinking by Pollyannaish Israelis, the Palestinian people and their leaders are completely unwilling to recognize the Jewish legacy of the Temple Mount, the historic connection of Jews to that place and their inalienable right to worship on that holy ground.”

2001: Forbes published an article entitled “Riklis Driving” that described how Meshulam Riklis drained assets from Dylex Limited, one of Canada’s largest retailers and funneled them into other companies he controlled.

2004(23rd of Tishrei, 5765): Simchat Torah

2004:  Haaretz reported that at least thirty-five people were killed and over 100 injured in three separate attacks on holiday resorts in the Sinai Desert that were packed with Israelis celebrating the holiday of Sukkoth.  Among the hotels attacked on Thursday was the Taba Hilton. According to reports that appeared in the October 8th edition of the paper, Israeli officials believe the blast at Taba was caused by an explosive laden truck.  There were reports of two more explosions at other locations within two hours of the Taba attack. Late reports in the Jerusalem Post raised the toll to 37 dead and 150 wounded.  A terror group that nobody had heard of up until now claimed credit for the attack.  It said the attacks were in response to the killings of Palestinians and Iraqis. If these attacks are the work of terrorists, it would be consistent with a pattern of attacking on Jewish holidays going back to the original outbreaks of the latest wave of Arab terror that began on Rosh Hashanah. 

2004: Fiamma Nirenstein was an official speaker at the Boston Conference of on 'Anti-Semitism, the Press and Europe'.

2004: “Friday Night Lights” the movie version of  Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream by H. G. Bissinger, ,directed by Peter Berg who wrote the screenplay along with David Aaron Cohen and produced by Brian Grazer was released in the United States today.

2005(5th of Tishrei, 5766): Shabbat Shauvah is observed by Jews all over the world.

2005: Award winning singer-songwriter, musician, poet, and novelist Leonard Cohen sued Kelley Lynch, alleging that she had misappropriated over US $5 million from Cohen's retirement fund leaving only $150,000.”

2005: Hundreds of Jews lit candles and prayed near the Babi Yar ravine, where the Nazis killed tens of thousands of Ukrainian Jews during World War II, as Jewish leaders expressed concern over recent anti-Semitic acts in the former Soviet republic.

2005: Jonathan Mandell of Chicago took a photograph of a Hebrew inscription in the Cathedral of Monreale which is a testimony to the 1400 years of Jewish settlements in Sicily.

2005: Thanks to Katrina, Rita, OPEC, et al, Americans are confronted with paying record high prices of gasoline and natural gas.  Now, American Jews face an additional financial threat.  According to The Jerusalem Post, people will be paying record high prices for their lulavs this year. Following Egyptian moves to limit the export of Lulavs, one Israeli importer has “cornered the market” by surreptitiously importing 250,000 Lulavs.  Because of his almost complete control of the limited supply, Avi Belali is charging wholesalers five dollars for an item that usually costs one dollar.  Retailers claim they will have to charge as much as twenty dollars to break even and that does not include the cost of the Etrog.  Unbeknownst to most Americans, the lulav industry is “a pretty shady business” where various tricks are tried each year by dealers looking for a way to make a fast buck.  Some Israeli Rabbis are so concerned about profiteering that they have issued a special Halachahic dispensation allowing for the use of branches from the more numerous canary dates may be used for Lulavs.  Apparently, the sages don’t just know about the Law of Moses, they also know about the law of supply and demand. 

2006: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Primo Levi’s Auschwitz Report and Daniel Mendelsohn’s The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million and an essay written by Elie Wiesel under the title “Why Memory?”

2006: The Sunday New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics related to Judaism including The Shakespeare Wars: Clashing Scholars, Public Fiascoes, Palace Coups by Ron Rosenbaum and Five Germanys I Have Known by Fritz Stern.

2006: The Israeli Interior Ministry ruled that Valery Dubinin, who had made Aliyah from the Ukraine seven and half years ago, is not a Jew.  This case is newsworthy because the Interior Ministry was overruling the Petah Tikva Rabbinical Court which had provided documents attesting to his Jewishness.

2006(16th of Tishrei, 5767): Second Day Sukkoth; since the first of Sukkoth fell on Shabbat this is the first time, blessings are recited over the Lulav and Etrog.

2007: Shelley Cohn, the former Executive Director of the Arizona Commission on the Arts, is the recipient of the Actor Equity Association's  2007 Arizona Theatre Service Award. The award was presented to Ms. Cohn at the Union's membership meeting at the Phoenix Theatre

2007: Time Magazine features an article about Jerry Seinfeld entitled “Jerry Seinfeld Goes Back to Work” and reviews of The Coldest Winter by David Halberstam and Exit Ghosts by Phillip Roth.

2008(9th of Tishrei, 5769: Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is chanted.

2008: A riot in Acre shattered the Yom Kippur calm on Wednesday night as hundreds of the city's Arab residents vandalized Jewish-owned property.

2009: In New Haven, Yale University presents a double-header with an address by Tzipi Livni, former Foreign Minister, Member of Knesset and head of the Kadima party, will speak as a Chubb Fellow and a talk by Brandon Friedman, Research Fellow at the Center for Iranian Studies at Tel Aviv University, entitled "Iran: Ideology and Foreign Policy"

2009: In New Britain, CT, Ethan Bronner, the New York Times' Israel Bureau Chief delivers a talk entitled "Israel & Palestine: What Happens in 2009?" at Central Connecticut State University, during which he examines what has happened, and what to expect.

2009: As tensions flare once again over a Jerusalem holy site claimed by Israel and Palestinians as their own, one of the most influential leaders of Israel's religious community told the president today that Jews should not make pilgrimages to the Temple Mount so as not to evoke global outrage. "According to halacha (Jewish religious law), it is forbidden to ascend to Temple Mount," Rabbi Yosef Sholom Elyashiv is quoted by Israel Radio as telling President Shimon Peres. "I've said this in the past, and I am once again repeating this statement that Jews are forbidden to go up to the site." Elyashiv, the nonagenarian leader of the Lithuanian sect of the ultra-Orthodox Ashkenazi community, hosted the president at his sukkah hut in the Mea Shearim neighborhood of Jerusalem. Since Israel captured East Jerusalem and the holy sites in the Old City during the Six-Day War in 1967, Haredi rabbinical scholars have decreed that religious law bans Jews from entering any part of the Temple Mount for fear of desecrating the Holy of Holies, whose exact location is unknown but is believed to be situated somewhere in the Temple courtyard. Police maintained high alert in the Old City, East Jerusalem and West Jerusalem on Thursday for fear of renewed unrest in the capital. Despite concerns that the arrest of the leader of the Islamic Movement's northern branch, Sheikh Ra'ad Salah, would spark further mayhem, the city was completely quiet on Wednesday. Today, for the fifth day in a row, entry to the Temple Mount will be permitted to Muslim men 50 or over and Muslim women of any age. Jews and tourists will not be allowed to enter. The same rules will apparently apply on Friday, with thousands of Muslims seeking to pray on the Temple Mount and masses of Jews coming to the Western Wall, immediately below the Mount, for the last day of Sukkot. "This is an event with potential for escalation," a police official said. In response to the rabbi's warning, Peres replied, "The nation has ears and you must let your voice be heard. Your voice is heard, you are a Torah sage and you are respected by the public. We must ensure that your position is heard." The president added that the authorities must do everything in their power to calm tensions in Jerusalem for fear that events could escalate into a religious war. "The inciters are capable of fanning the flames," Peres told the rabbi. This was the first time that the president met with the Haredi rabbi, who rarely sits down with political figures who do not represent the ultra-Orthodox community. Today, Palestinian leaders called for a one-day general strike and warned of more street protests over Jerusalem, but Israel played down the risk of an uprising despite two weeks of tension in the disputed city. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's Fatah faction made the call for the strike on Friday in Jerusalem and the occupied West Banko, and Palestinian leaders warned of a battle ahead of Friday prayers at Al-Aqsa mosque. The compound housing the mosque is a holy place for both Muslims and Jews, and has often been a flashpoint. Israeli security forces control access to the area and regularly prohibit young Muslim men from entering the holy site in Jerusalem's Old City. Tensions rose two weeks ago when police and Palestinian protesters clashed near the Al-Aqsa mosque. Palestinians said the clashes were triggered by religious Israeli Jews and settlers trying to enter the site, which they see as a provocation to Muslim feelings. Israel said Palestinian protesters tried to prevent Israeli groups from entering the compound, leading to clashes with police. A beefed-up Israeli police presence, and a relatively small turnout of Palestinian protesters, has kept violence under control in sporadic clashes since late September. Palestinians in senior positions have warned of the risk of a third intifada, or uprising, but Israel has tried to avoid getting involved in a war of words over Jerusalem. "I don't think we're facing a third intifada," Vice Premier Silvan Shalom said in a statement to Reuters. "Whoever says so is trying to instill fear." One Israeli political source said the government saw a greater threat in Palestinian anger developing into mass protests and demonstrations, rather than the suicide bomb attacks against Israelis that marked the previous uprising.

2009: Romania unveiled a monument in memory of 300,000 Jews and Gypsies killed during the Holocaust in the country, which at times in the past had denied that the extermination even occurred. President Traian Basescu said that it was the nation’s duty to “recognize the genocide during World War II” and to honor the victims.Mr. Basescu was joined by Holocaust survivors and other leaders during the ceremony to unveil the marble and concrete tomblike monument, which cost $7.4 million.Only about 6,000 Jews live in Romania today. The country’s role in the Holocaust and in the deportation of Jews was ignored by the Communists who once controlled Romania, and it was minimized by subsequent governments after the collapse of Communism beginning in 1989.“This monument is full of symbolism — hundreds of thousands were killed who would have contributed to the cultural and economic prosperity of Romania,” said Rabbi Menachem HaCohen, Romania’s chief rabbi.Romanian authorities set up the Elie Wiesel International Commission on the Holocaust in 2003 after a ministry in the Social Democratic government denied that there had been a Holocaust in Romania. Some Romanians still admire Marshal Ion Antonescu, a pro-Nazi leader whose administration was responsible for the deaths during World War II. They see him as a hero who fought against the Soviet Union to recover Romanian territory.“It is important that Romania acknowledges its past; it’s not an easy past,” said Radu Ioanid, who has written several books on the Romanian Holocaust. “There are still people opposing this.” Historians have documented several pogroms in Romania, including one in June 1941 in the northeastern city of Iasi, where as many as 12,000 people are believed to have died as Romanian and German soldiers swept from house to house, killing Jews. Those who did not die were beaten, put on a train in stifling heat and taken to a small town. Of the 120 on the train, only 24 survived.

2009: In San Francisco, “Torah scribe Julie Seltzer began work on a Sefer Torah.”

2010: The 92Y Resource Center for Jewish Diversity and the Ethiopian Jewish community in New York are scheduled to co-host a festive and authentic Ethiopian Shabbat dinner. The scheduled feast will include traditional Ethiopian dishes such as Doro Wat (chicken stew), Injera (pancake bread) and much more. Diners will be able learn about Ethiopian Jewish history and traditions from Prof. Ephraim Isaac of the Institute for Semitic Studies, Princeton, N.J. The evening is scheduled to include special guests from Israel, Kessotch (Ethiopian rabbis) Pirdo Imhara and Vanda Eli Mentesenout and members of the renowned Ethiopian-Israeli Beta Dance Troupe.

2010: The Telegraph (UK) reported that Professor Mary Beard of Cambridge University has condemned the appointment of historian and presenter Simon Schama as the Coalition Government's new history tsar. She described the announcement as an example of Michael Gove, the education secretary, "playing to the populist gallery".   She described Schama as “a celebrity.”  She did not mention the fact that he was Jewish.

2011(10th of Tishrei, 5772): Yom Kippur

2011(10th of Tishrei): In a tribute to diversity and inclusion, congregants at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids will be able to attend either a Reform or Traditional Yom Kippur Service.  The Traditional Service is rooted in Beth Jacob - a synagogue founded 105 years ago.  Temple Judah is preparing to celebrate its 90th anniversary. When one considers the fate of Jewry in many of America’s small cities and towns, this is quite an accomplishment.

2011: Kenny G. (Kenneth Bruce Gorelick) appeared tonight on “Saturday Night Live with his soprano sax.”

2011(10th of Tishrei, 5772): Eighty-two year old Allen “Al” Davis who played a major role in re-shaping the National Football League as the owner and general manager of the Oakland Raiders and as the commissioner of the AFL passed away today.

2011: Hours after far-right-wing graffiti was reported to police in Muslim and Christian cemeteries in Jaffa, a Molotov cocktail was thrown at a synagogue in the area today. The projectile struck the roof of the Rabbi Meir synagogue in the city.  No damage or injuries were reported in the attack.

2012(22nd of Tishrei, 5753): Shemini Atzeret

2012(22nd of Tishrei, 5763): One hundred year old Eda Mirsky Mann, the mother of Erica Jong passed away today.

2012: In the United States, observance of Columbus Day which means, for once, the Jewish and Gentile worlds will be celebrating holidays on the same day, even though they are of a completely different nature.

2012: The Alexandria Kletztet is scheduled to play at the Simchat Torah service for Congregation Etz Hayim in Arlington, VA.

2012: Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip fired more than 30 rockets and mortars — with some Israeli media outlets reporting over 50 rockets — into southern Israel early this morning, causing damage to a residential building

2013: The Charles E. Smith Life Communities which seeks “to fulfill Jewish values by providing a continuum of quality services for elders and their families” is scheduled to sponsor “An Evening with Tony Kornheiser” at Woodmont Country Club.

2013: The Consulate General of Israel in New York co-hosts this evening’s scheduled screening of “Blues by the beach.”

2013: A staged reading of the new play “Stealing Home: The Mystery of Moe Berg” is scheduled to be performed today by member of the Actors Studio in New York.

2013: In Washington, DC, Mark Cohen, author of Overweight Sensation: The Life and Comedy of Allen Sherman is scheduled to speak at The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival

2013: Today, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences “announced the full list of nations that had submitted a movie for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film including “Yuval Adler’s “Bethlehem,” which explores a difficult relationship between a Shin Bet agent and a Palestinian teenager and “Transit,” a Philippine film about foreign workers in Israel. (As reported by Debra Kamin)

2013: Eighty-year old Holocaust survivor François Englert, a Sackler Professor by Special Appointment in the School of Physics and Astronomy at Tel Aviv University won the 2013 Nobel Prize

2014(14th of Tishrei, 5775): Erev Sukkoth

2014: The Center for Judaic Studies and Contemporary Jewish Life at the University of Connecticut is scheduled to sponsor a noontime “Yiddish Tish”.

2014: Friends and family celebrate the birthday of author Noam Friedlander the daughter of Evelyn Friedlander and Rabbi Albert Friedlander

2014: SukkahPDX, an annual juried outdoor design competition held in Portland, OR, at the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education in partnership with Mittleman Jewish Community Center is scheduled to begin today.

2014: The Lunar Eclipse featuring a Blood Moon will be visible throughout much of the United States today. (As reported by Edmond J. Rodman)

2014: Argentinian anti-terror police today arrested a man suspected of planning to attack a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires.”

2015: The Jewish Museum of London is scheduled to host “Books at Lunchtime” where a Waterstones Camden bookseller “will share what's new, what's hot, and read extracts from recommended books and bestsellers.

2015: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host “Fresh Jews and Fresh Juice.”

2015: JCC Manhattan is scheduled to host an evening with “Vertigo, Israel’s top dance company” where “choreographer Noa Wertheim will talk about her artistic process, including the creation of the group's eco art village outside of Jerusalem.”

2015:  Eva Moskowitz will not be running for Mayor of New York saying today “that she wanted to redouble her focus on her charter school network…and the task of creating ‘transformation change’ in education.”

2015: During an interview with Wolf Blitzer on CNN, “Republican presidential hopeful Ben Carson…said fewer people would have been killed by the Nazis had been armed” in an apparent attempt to blame “gun control for the extent of the Holocaust.”

2015: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “A Special Evening Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of the Murder of Leon Klinghoffer Aboard the Achille Lauro.” 

2015(25th of Tishrei, 5776): Ninety year old Henry Krystal who survived the Holocaust to become a Professor of Psychiatry at Michigan State University passed away today.

2016(6th of Tishrei, 5777): Shabbat Shuva; for more see

2016:  SERET DC. “a celebration of contemporary Israeli cinema is scheduled to host a screening of


2016: Today’s session of “German Iowa and the Global Midwest” is scheduled to present: Tobias Brinkmann speaking on "Small Town Stopover: Jewish Immigrants from Central Europe in the Rural Midwest 1850-80"; Kit Belgum: speaking on “German and Jewish: Civic Connections in Nineteenth-Century Iowa" and Jeannette Gabriel speaking on "We Were German Too: Finding Jewish Women's Voices in Iowa's German Past"

2016: “Exposed” a “six week contemporary dance and physical theatre featuring Israeli and local artists” is scheduled to open in the Metro Atlanta, GA Area today.

2016: The 15th International Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition, named in honor of Lublin born violinist and composer Henryk Wieniawski is scheduled to begin today.

2016: As those living on the southeast coast of the United States deal with Hurricane Mathew “many synagogues are shuttering for Shabbat” including “Temple Emanuel located on the barrier islands of Palm Beach which has cancelled Shabbat morning services.”




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