Sunday, October 23, 2016

This Day, October 24, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. LEvin


51: Birthdate of Titus Flavius Domitianus, who gained fame as the Roman Emperor Domitian.  Domitian was the son of Vespasian and the brother of Titus, all three of whom played a key role in the destruction of Jerusalem which was one of the cornerstones of power for the Flavian dynasty.  Domitian was even more hostile to the Jews than either of his predecessors as can be seen by his ruthless enforcement of the ban on Romans converting to Judaism and his rigorous efforts to collect the special taxes assessed against the Jews. His death in 96 would not be mourned by the Children of Israel.

69:  At the Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius. This victory helped to pave the way for Vespasian to become Emperor of the Roman Empire.  According to Jewish mythology, it was Yoachanah Ben Zachai’s prediction that Vespasian would attain this goal that led to him being able to establish the academy at Yavneh.  Vespasian turned matters around Jerusalem to his son Titus who would destroy the Temple within the year.

996: Hugh Capet, King of France who was being treated by a Jewish physician, passed away. The king's decision to use a Jewish doctor gave created the myth (which was believed by many) that the Jews had killed the king.

1147: After a siege of 4 months crusader knights led by Afonso Henriques defeated the Moors and re-conquered Lisbon. According to one source, Alfonso was concerned about his chances of defeating the Moors.  He looked to the Bible for support and comfort; something he found in the story of Gideon where a force of 300 Israelites defeated a Midianite army numbering 125,000.  Following his victories at Santarém and Lisbon, Alfonso allowed the Jewish population to remain, to build synagogues and to enjoy most of the same rights as the rest of the citizens of his realm.

1273: Coronation of King Rudolf I who in 1286 “instituted a new persecution of the Jews, declaring them servi camerae ("serfs of the treasury"), which had the effect of negating their political freedoms

1492: The Jews were again accused of stabbing a consecrated wafer in Mecklenburg, Germany. Twenty-seven were burned including two women, and all the Jews are expelled from the duchy. The spot where they were killed is still called the Judenberg.

1648: The Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years War. While the Jews of Europe were not combatants or participants in the peace talk, this treaty did have far-reaching impact on them.  The treaty brought an end to the Holy Roman Empire which meant that the various states of Germany were able to choose their own religion and develop on their own.  The independence of the Netherlands was recognized.  The tolerant Dutch nation had already proven itself as a hospitable for Jews and six years after the treaty European Jews would find haven in the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam.  According to some historians, the treaty marked the end of the religious wars that had gripped Europe (much to the detriment of the Jews) and marked the rise of the modern nation-state system.  While anti-Semitism would continue to be part of the European landscape, the Jews of Europe would fare better after 1648 under a system of national citizenship.

1669: William Prynne, a lawyer, author and political leader who opposed re-admitting Jews to England passed way.  One of the pamphlets published by Prynne that decried “their ill deportment” and “misdemeanors” found favor with the merchants in London who claimed to oppose the admissions of Jews on religious grounds but who were “jealous of the wealth of the Hebrews” and did not want to compete with them for business.

1764: In Berlin, Moses Mendelssohn and his wife gave birth to their oldest daughter, Brendel Mendelssohn who gained fame as German novelist Dorothea von Schlegel, and the mother of painter Philipp Veit.”

1755: Birthdate of Abraham Mordecai, the native of Philadelphia, PA,  who was probably the first Jew to settle in Alabama,

1777(23rd of Tishrei, 5538): Simchat Torah

1784: In Leghorn, Tuscany, “Joseph Elias Montefiore and his young wife Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Mocatta, a powerful bullion broker in London, who were in the town on a business journey” gave birth to their first child Sir Moses Montefiore, who in a life time that spanned more than a century, proved to be not only a great leader of the Anglo-Jewish Community, but one of the most formidable Jews of the 19th century.  There is no way to do justice to this great man’s life in this brief blog.  You are encouraged to examine the many sources available about this successful financier, public servant and philanthropist whose generosity was integral source of support for the Jewish settlers of 19th century Palestine.

1792: Marriage of Ruben and Roeschen Gumperz.

1795: Third partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia. This is an example of the law of unintended consequences.  Russia, which had been trying to keep Jews out, now found itself with millions of Jewish Poles as Russian citizens.  For the next hundred years the various Czars devised plans to control or destroy the Jewish community in Russia.  The most famous example was the one-third, one-third, one-third program.  One third of the Jews would convert, one third would immigrate and one third would die.  Thus Russia would be rid of its Jews.

1804(19th of Cheshvan, 5565): Marx Levy Mordechai, the rabbi at Trier and husband of Eva Lwow, who was the father of Heinrich Marx and the grandfather of Karl Marx passed away today.

1807: Birthdate of Prussian poet and philologist Ludwig Wihl who “advanced the theory that Phoenician was a linguistic derivative of Hebrew, and that Phoenicia had exercised a profound influence on the art of early Greece” but whose refusal to be baptized “doomed” his university career.

1811: Birthdate of Ferdinand Hiller the native of Frankfurt am Main who gained fame as composer and director and who founded the Cologne Conservatoire in 1850 where he served as Kapellmeister until 1884.

1826(23rd of Tishrei, 5587): Simchat Torah

1826(23rd of Tishrei, 5587): German actor and theatrical manager Jacob Herzfeld passed away.

1828: At The Hague, Moses de Pinto and Sara Salvador gave birth to Dutch jurist Aaron Adolf de Pinto.

1841: Birthdate of Jacob Bettelheim, the Austrian-German author and writer.

1841: Birthdate of Elie Scheid, a native of Hagenau, Alsace and founder of the Ḥebra 'Am Segullah burial society who authored separate histories of the Jews of this hometown and Alsace who became Baron Edmond de Rothschild’s primary assistant when he began his work supporting the colonization of Palestine.

1844: Birthdate of Karl Lueger, the Austrian politician who exploited popular anti-Semitism to be elected Mayor of Vienna.  There are those who contend that his successful exploitation of anti-Semitism served as a role model for another resident of Vienna - Adolph Hitler.

1845(23rh of Tishrei, 5606): Simchat Torah

1848: Birthdate of Wilhelm Fleiss, the native of Arnswalde who became a noted otolaryngologist and a friend of Sigmund Freud.

1851: The New York Times reported that "the emigration of Jews is on the increase in consequence of the oppressive ukases of the Emperor."

1852: American statesman and unsuccessful Presidential candidate Daniel Webster who served his country as a Senator and Secretary of State passed away.  While serving as Secretary of State in President Millard Filmore’s administration, Webster actively opposed as treaty with Switzerland that would have discriminated against American Jews trying to do business in Switzerland. Webster and the American Jewish community enjoyed a positive relationship as can be seen by the fact that he was asked to speak at the Hebrew Benevolent and German Benevolent Society meeting in 1849 in New York City. He had to turn down the invitation because of ill health but he expressed his “respect and sympathy”  who have “preserved through darkness and idolatry of so many centuries.

1853(22nd of Tishrei, 5614): Shemini Atzeret

1853: The New York Times reported that Dr. Raphall, a New York rabbi, will deliver a lecture about Russia at a meeting of the Young Men's Literary Association on October 26.  Tickets will cost fifty cents.

1853: When an army of Kurds attacked the city of Al-Jazira, it was Muslims, Christians and Jews who picked up arms to defend the city.

1855: In Germany David J. Meyerhardt and his wife the former Esther Marks gave birth Max Meyerhardt the husband of Nettie Watson, the father of Jennie, Julia, Max and Louis Meyerhardt who became a Judge in Georgia.

1856: Birthdate of Sir Stuart Samuel, the brother of Sir Herbert Samuel. ” He was educated at Liverpool Institute and University College School, London” and “was a member of the banking firm of Samuel Montagu and Company.” “Sir Stuart…was president of the Board of Jewish Deputies” and “headed the commission of inquiry sent by the British government to Poland to investigate the anti-Jewish excesses in 1919”

1862(30th of Tishrei, 5623): On Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan, Abraham Lincoln continues his quest to find winning generals by replacing Don Carlos Buell with William S. Rosecrans for his failure to pursue the Confederates after the Battle of Perryville.

1870: In Algiers under the leadership of Adolphe Cremieux, France granted French citizenship to all Algerian Jews.  Prior to this date, citizenship was conferred on individual Jews based on their application.  Algeria had been taken over by the French and this move was part of the French program of colonization. Approximately 50,000 Jews gained French citizenship in this way.

1872(22nd of Tishrei, 5633): Shemini Atzeret

1874: According to a travelogue published today, most of the establishments for money changing in Bayonne, France are owned by Jews.

1875: “The Wild Huntsman” published today provides a brief summary of the legend of the Wandering Jew, one of those canards which has helped to fan the flame of anti-Semitism for centuries.  This mythic figure supposedly refused the suffering Jesus a drink of water from a horse trough or refused to provide shelter for the Virgin Mary and Jesus when they were fleeing to Egypt.  Regardless, “in some countries” he is now seen “as kind of personification of Jews” in general.

1877: “Receiving Stolen Goods” published today described a scheme to buy stolen cloth that has landed Louis Lazarus, the owner of second-hand clothing store and his son in Samuel in the Tombs.

1878: At the home of the bride in Charleston, SC, Rabbi Levy officiated at the marriage of Emil Eckstein of Savannah, GA and Fannie Livingston.

1879: Birthdate of Sydney G. Gumpertz, the native of San Raphael, CA,  who won the Congressional Medal of Honor during WW I.

1879: In Providence, Rhode Island, the Unitarians are holding a convention where they are “discussing the subject of Monotheism’ and have concluded that the only true monotheists are the Jews, Moslems and the Unitarians. They feel that the Trinitarian belief of Christians moves them away from true monotheism.

1880: Fifty five year old Oswald Hönigsmann an Austrian lawyer and parliamentarian who spoke out on behalf of the emancipation of the Jewish people passed away today.

1880: In Russia , Ada and Louis Landman gave birth to American Reform Rabbi Isaac Landman who “was editor of the ten-volume Universal Jewish Encyclopedia,” “the first Jewish chaplain in the United States Army to serve on foreign soil” during World War I and a leading anti-Zionist.

1883(23rd of Tishrei, 5644): Simchat Torah

1883: Police arrested Aaron Hammer and Moses Rauch, two Jews whose celebration of Simchat Torah got so rowdy that Bernard Levy felt the need to call the authorities for protection.

1883: Jews throughout the world celebrated the 99th birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore.

1883: “Mr. Oscanyan’s Varied Show” published today included a description of that part of the lecture the Turkish born American writer gave about the conditions of “the Jews of the East” with whose persecution he commiserated.

1884: Sir Moses Montefiore celebrated his one hundredth birthday, an event that was marked with celebration throughout much of the world including a letter from Queen Victoria to the successful businessman, philanthropist and humanitarian.

1884: Services are to be held “simultaneously” at four o’clock this afternoon at synagogues in the United States to mark the 100th birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore.  The speeches delivered during these services will be given to the Anglo-Jewish statesman on November 8 “which corresponds with the 24th of October in the Jewish calendar.

1884: “A Home for Hebrew For Orphans” published today provided a complete description of the newly opened Hebrew Orphan Asylum.  The four story building on the corner of 10th Avenue and 136th Street is designed to accommodate 1,000 children of both sexes and was built at a cost of $60,000.00.

1886: It was reported today that the Wendell Phillips Literary Society is scheduled to “give a dramatic entertainment” at upcoming fundraising event sponsored by the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.

1886: The Independent Hebrew Citizens’ Association of the Tenth Ward endorsed “Tommy” Grady who is running for seeking to represent the Eighth District in Congress. 

1887(6th of Cheshvan, 5648): Sixty-six year old Charlotte Beyfus the wife of Abraham Oppenheim and the granddaughter of Meyer Amschel Rothschild passed away today.

1887: “The Religion of Humanity” published today provides a summary of the Dr. Kaufmann’s recently delivered addressed entitled “What is Judaism?”  Kohler feels that Judaism is a religion of humanity and that “It is the Jew’s mission to stand by that religion of human which teaches the unity of the Cosmos in God, the spirit of truth and the social unity of man as based upon his God’s childship.”

1888: “Starving and Freezing” published today described the plight of the Polish Jewish farmers in Ramsey County, North Dakota.  The seventy families who came from Chicago two years ago and settled 18 miles from Devils Lake have lost everything as a result of an early frost that wiped out their Wheat crop this year.

1889: The Young Men’s Hebrew Association began its 16th season tonight with a program at Chickering Hall in NYC.

1889: “Thinks Job A Poetic Myth” published today described a skirmish in the battle between those who read the Bible literally and those who think it is subject to interpretation – a schism that was found in both 19th century Judaism in Christianity.  In this case, it was a Presbyterian Minister, E.L. Curtis who “startled his orthodox congregation” by asserted that the Book of Job “was only a parable and the other persons mentioned were but the creatures of poetical fancy.”

1891: In Russia, where the onset of winter has worsened the effects of the famine, two or three riots broke out aimed at the Jews.

1892: After spending three months at A.B. Simpson College “an institution where converted Jews are trained for missionary work thirty three year old Isaac Hertzfeld was baptized today – a an action that he would later publicly renounce.

1892: The New York Times described a change “in the future career” of Baron Hirsh, “who having devoted his youth to accumulating millions is now devoting his old age to philanthropy.”  One example of this was the Baron’s decision to donate all of his “turf winnings,” a sum of 14,500 English pounds, to “deserving English charities.”

1893: The will of David James, the well-known Anglo-Jewish actor left £15,000 to various legatees and provided that his widow should receive the interest on the remaining £30,000 with the principle reverting to various Hebrew charities at the time of her death or re-marriage whichever comes first. (Smith’s birth name was Belasco, which he dropped as he developed his acting career)

1893: “Mr. Mansfield As Shylock” published today reviewed the latest New York production of The “Merchant of Venice” which featured Richard Mansfield in the role of Shylock. Unlike Edmund Kean who played Shylock as a Biblical figure, Mansfield portrayed him as a character from the Middle Ages who “loves his daughter” but “hates his enemy with deadly bitterness

1894: Professor Willis J. Beecher delivered a lecture “The Old Testament as a Whole, “ the second in his series on the “Study of the Old Testament.”

1895: “Correct Spelling of Barnato’s Name” published today speculated on the correct spelling of the diamond mine mogul wondering if it was “Barney” or Barnie” a point rendered moot by the fact that his name is “Barnett which is a common surname among Christians and Jews.”

1896: In New York, the Hebrew Institute Literary Society hosted a debate on the abolition of capital punishment tonight.

1896: The teachers and pupils of the Kaminsky Conservatory of Music performed at the Hebrew Institute tonight.

1896(17th of Cheshvan, 5657): Seventy-eight year old Sir Albert Abdullah David Sassoon, the son of David Sassoon, who was a leading merchant in Baghdad who settled in Bombay where his business success reportedly made him “one of the richest men” in the city, passed away today.

1898(8th of Cheshvan, 5659): Daniel Levy Maduro Peixotto died at Guantanamo, Cuba, from the effects of fever contracted during the Spanish-American war. A member of a prominent Sephardic family that had settled in New York, this son of Moses Levy Maduro Peixotto volunteered to join the U.S. Army at the outbreak of the war with Spain serving “with the Third United States Volunteer Infantry, first as first lieutenant and acting quartermaster, and then as captain of Company D. At the time of his death he was military governor and provost marshal of Guantanamo.”

1898: Ralph Disraeli was buried today in Buckinghamshire, UK.

1898; Following the end of the Spanish-American War the 2nd Nebraska Volunteer Infantry including Sergeant Charles of North Platte, Private Elmer Heller of Omaha, Corporal Samuel Jacoby and Private Joseph Meitner both of Chadron, Private Joseph Wolf of Lincoln and Private Louis Abel of Norfolk were among those mustered out today.

1899: Birthdate of Warsaw native Anatol Stern, the poet turned screenwriter who survived the Gulag, lived in Palestine before returning to his native land where he died at the age of 68.

1902(23rd of Tishrei, 5663): Simchat Torah

1902: Herzl had another meeting with Lord Rothschild and an appointment in the British Foreign Office.

1903: It was reported that “The American Jewish Year book for the year 5664 (which began September 22, 1903)…has been issued.  This fifth annual volume, which is 316 pages in length, was edited by Cyrus Adler.  Ninety-six pages are devoted to the annual report of the Jewish Publication Society.  While the volume contains a great deal of information about Jewry there is no description of the Zionist Convention held at Basel or the Pogrom at Kishinev.  The former “was held too late to be included.  The latter will be covered in a special pamphlet issued by JPS.

1904: After premiering in London, “The Cinglee” a musical containing “additional material by Paul Rubens opened in New York at the Original Daly’s Theatre where it ran for 33 performances.

1904:  Birthdate of producer, director and playwright Moss Hart.  Hart achieved success both on Broadway and in films. One of Hart’s most famous cinematic triumphs was “Gentlemen’s Agreement” which he produced.  One of his greatest Broadway triumphs came at the end of his career when he served as director for “My Fair Lady.”  He was married to Kitty Carlisle.  Unbeknownst to many of her fans, the sophisticated Ms. Carlisle was actually Catherine Conn, a Jewess from New Orleans whose mother was an aggressive social climber.  Hart himself passed away in 1960.  You can read more about the fascinating life of Moss Hart in his autobiography, Act I.

1905: Birthdate of French Trotskyist leader Pierre Frank.

1906: Birthdate of fencer Theodore Lorber who finished in seventh place at the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics.

1906: In Vienna, “Edmund von Motesiczky, “a talented cellist and keen huntsman” and “Henriette von Lieben who came from one of the most wealthy and cultured families in the Habsburg Empire” gave birth to painter Marie-Louise von Motesiczky.

1908(29th of Tishrei, 5669): Sixty-nine year old Solomon Sonneschein, the Moravian born rabbi who married Rosa Sonneschein in 1864 and whose last pulpit was at Temple B’nai Yeshurun in Des Moines, IA passed away today.

1908: “Israel Zangwill’s Serious Purpose,” published today contains an interview in which the Jewish author discusses his views on the literary worlds of the United States and Great Britain and the reaction to his “The Melting Pot.”

1910(21st of Tishrei, 5671): Hoshana Rabah

1910: Birthdate of Yoel Zussman, the native of Krakow who became the fourth President of the Supreme Court of Israel.

1910: Archaeologist Max von Oppenheim, a member of the famous German-Jewish banking family requested to be allowed to leave the diplomatic service so that he could work on the excavation at Tel Halaf which he asked his father to finanace.

1910: The Oscar Hammerstein production Victor Herbert’s “Naughty Marietta” opened its pre-Broadway run in Syracuse, NY.

1913(2erd of Tishrei, 5674): Simchat Torah

1914: Dr. J. L. Manges and Dr. Schmarya Levin are scheduled to address tonight’s meeting hosted by the New York chapter of Hadassah at the Young Women’s Hebrew Association building where they will seek ways to alleviate the threat faced by the Jewish settlers in Palestine resulting from the start of the World War.

1914: The American Jewish Relief Committee was established by Jacob H. Schiff, Louis Marshall, and Felix Warburg. It soon combined with the Central Relief Committee founded by Orthodox leaders and the People's Relief Committee representing labor, into one organization the American Joint Distribution Committee. The “Joint” would become a vital force in providing aid to Jews caught up in the hostilities of World War I which had begun in August of 1914.

1915: In Manchester, UK, Mr. and Mrs. Neville Laski gave birth to English author Marghanita Laski.

1915: “More than 1,000 persons witnessed the laying of the cornerstone of the new Sinai Temple near East 163rd Street, the Bronx” which was done in a formal manner by Adolph Lewis who used a silver trowel with his name engraved on it to “spread the mortar” following with they heard a speech by “Rabbi J. Leonard Levy of Pittsburgh who talked of the place the Jews occupies in American life.”

1915: “A memorial service for Jewish soldiers who have lost their lives in the European war was held” tonight “at Mount Zion Temple on West 119th Street under the auspices of the German-Jewish Military Society.”

1915: “To Aid Jewish Charities” published today described plans for “a meeting of the council of Jewish Communal Institutions of which Leo Arnstein is President will be held in New York at the end of October or early in November to consider the desirability of establishing a Bureau of Philanthropy to act as a central investigating body for the study of social problems affecting the Jewish community in New York numbering more than 1,000,000.”

1915: The American Jewish Conference which was scheduled to open today in Washington, DC did not meet due to a clash between different factions in the Jewish community represented, respectively, by Louis Marshall and Louis Brandeis who said the conference “would be futile because the conference would purport to be an assembly authorized to express the will of the Jewish people, whereas it would in fact have not such mandate and would lack the necessary support of the Jews of America without which its action would be ineffective.”

1915: British High Commissioner, Henry McMahon reached an agreement with Abdulla Hussein of the Hashemi family, trading a revolt against Turkey for Arab independence everywhere except Eretz-Israel. This agreement, which was in direct contradiction with the Sykes-Picot treaty, was like the Balfour Declaration - vague and ambiguous. Many of the problems that we face in the Middle East today can be traced back to the various deals (many of which were dishonest to say the least) made by the British and the French as they sought to break the back of the Turkish Empire and defeat Germany through the “back door.”

1916: In New York, Louis Marshall presided over a meeting where the remarks by Republican Presidential candidate Charles Evans Hughes about “the treaty relations with Russia” “were received with great applause” in a section of the city “where the Jewish population is large.”

1916(27th of Tishrei, 5677): Sixty-six year old Antonie (Toni) Amalia Liebermann, the daughter of Ferdinand and Fanny Reichenheim and the wife of Professor Dr. Carl Theodor Liebermann passed away today in Berlin.

1917: Felix Frankfurter is acting as Secretary for the Labor Commission President Wilson sent to Arizona to settle “the big copper strike” which is threatening the manufacture of munitions that rely on the metal.

1917: As part of the final push to publish the Balfour Declaration, Ronald Graham writes Lord Balfour, “Almost every Jew in Russia is a Zionist, and if they can be made to realize that the success of Zionist aspirations depends on the support of the Allies and the expulsion of the Turks from Palestine, we shall enlist a most powerful element in our favor.”

1917: It was reported today that 113 year old Ethel Polansky gave one dollar and 109 year old Nissen Rosenstein, the oldest man in New York State gave five dollars towards the purchase of a Liberty Bond by residents of the Home of the Daughters of Jacob in New York City.

1918: Sarah Friedman, of blessed memory, the wife of Hyman Friedman is scheduled to be buried today in New York City.

1918: Hyman Gerson Enelow, a member of the Overseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board who was touring the war zone wrote today “I have been to some places where one sees the boys going and coming from the trenches.  Everywhere they are they are glad to see a Rabbi and hear a kind word.  It makes them feel they are not forgotten.” In the hospitals “the doctors and nurses do all they can” and “they appreciate a Rabbi if they never did before.”

1920: “Organizations of young Jews” are scheduled to gather “in the Great Hall of City College” today “to honor the memory of Dr. Israel Friedlander” who was ‘slain by bandits” while delivering aid to Jews in the Ukraine.

1922(2nd of Cheshvan, 5683): Fifty-seven year old Meir Selig Goldschmidt, the son Clementine Fuld and Selig Meir Goldschmidt and the husband of Selma Cramer passed away today.

1923: Birthdate of British born American poet Denise Levertov.  Her pedigree is of interest since it provides a picture of the fate of European Jews.  Her mother was Welsh.  Her father was an Anglican parson. In point of fact, he was an immigrant from Germany who had been raised as a Chasidic Jew before converting to Christianity.

1923: In the Bronx, Betty and Dr. Lee Fisher gave birth to Edwin Zalmon Fisher a cartoonist whose work was a regular feature in The New Yorker magazine.

1925: In Brooklyn Max and Beatrice Feldstein gave birth to Albert “Al” Bernard Feldstein “who took over a fledgling humor magazine called Mad in 1956 and made it a popular, profitable and enduring wellspring of American satire.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1926: Suffering from acute appendicitis and having ignored medical advice that he have immediate surgery, Harry Houdini performed at the Garrick Theatre despite having a fever of 104 °F (40 °C).

1926: Following what would be his last performance, Houdini was taken to the Grace Hosptial in Detroit.

1927: At Temple Sinai in Chicago, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise and Clarence Darrow debated “Is Zionism a Progressive Policy for Israel and America?  Wise argued the affirmative and Darrow the negative.  Darrow, the famous defense lawyer “had many Jewish friends and denounced anti-Semitism” but like so many of his generation (Jew and non-Jew alike) “he never supported a separate homeland for Jewish people.

1929: Birthdate of Daniel Donald Dorfman “a highly visible financial journalist whose televised market reports could send a stock soaring — or plummeting — but whose career was tarnished by accusations of insider trading.” (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1929: Birthdate of Moroccan native Yehonatan Yifrah who made Aliyah in 1951 and went on to serve as “secretary of the Sderot Workers Council” and an MK from 1969 to 1973.

1929: On what is known as Black Thursday, a record number of shares are traded on the NYSE as stock prices tumble, only to rebound when Richard Whitney steps on the floor and dramatically purchases large blocks of Blue Chip stocks.  This provides only a brief respite on the road to Black Tuesday when the bottom fell out of the market marking the start of the worldwide Great Depression with all of its negative consequences including the rise of Hitler.  The money for Whitney’s dramatic purchases was provided by the three leading New York Bankers, none of whom were Jewish.

1930: Birthdate of Elaine Feinstein Poet, novelist, short-story writer, playwright, biographer and translator who was born in Bootle, Lancashire. She was educated at Newnham College, Cambridge. She holds an honorary doctorate from the University of Leicester. She has worked variously as an editor for Cambridge University Press (1960-62), as Lecturer in English at Bishop's Stortford Training College (1963-6), as Assistant Lecturer in English Literature at the University of Essex (1967-70), and as a journalist. She contributed to many periodicals, including the Times Literary Supplement, and was Writer in Residence for the British Council in Singapore and Tromsoe, Norway. Elaine Feinstein's first volume of poetry, In a Green Eye, was published in 1966. Her later work has been influenced by the poetry of Marina Tsvetayeva, a poet whose work she has translated from the Russian. She received a Cholmondeley Award in 1990. Her first novel was The Circle (1970), which, like much of her early work, explores themes of female identity seen both inside and outside the family unit. Later novels, such as The Survivors (1982), draw on her knowledge of 20th-century European history and an awareness of her own Jewish heritage. Her most recent novel is The Russian Jerusalem (2008).She is the author of a number of plays for television including “Breath,” televised by the BBC in 1975, and “The Diary of Country Gentlewoman,” a twelve-part series (based on Edith Holden's novel) produced by ITV in 1984. She has also written radio plays, including “Foreign Girls” (1993) and Winter Meeting (1994), and is the author of several biographies, among them studies of the singer Bessie Smith and the writer D. H. Lawrence and a portrait of the late Poet Laureate Ted Hughes, published in 2001. Her book, Anna of all the Russias: The Life of a Poet under Stalin (2005) is a biography of Anna Akhmatova. Elaine Feinstein is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, and was elected on to the Council of the Royal Society of Literature in 2007. She lives in London. Her most recent poetry collection is Talking to the Dead dedicated to the memory of her husband, Arnold.

1930: British Labour Party MP Harry Gosling passed away today opening the way for Barnett Janner to seek this seat in constituency that had a large Jewish population – something did help the Jewish politician  in his first campaign but helped him to gain the set in the next general election.

1932: Rufus D. Isaacs, “the last member of the Liberal Party to serve as Foreign Minister” and “the second practicing Jews to be a member of the British cabinet” appeared on the cover of Time magazine, which in its day was sign of being a significant figure in the world.,16641,19321024,00.html

1933: Nazis pass a law against “Habitual and Dangerous Criminals” that justifies placing the homeless, beggars, unemployed and alcoholics in concentration camps. (Jewish Virtual Library)

1935: “Rendezvous” a spy movie set in WW I produced by Lawrence Weingarten with a screenplay co-authored by Bella and Samuel Spewack co-starring Binnie Barnes, the daughter of George Barnes, an Anglo-Jewish policeman was released today in the United States by MGM.

1935: Final day for the publication of the American Hebrew and Jewish Tribune.

1935(27th of Tishrei, 5969): Abraham "Abe" Landau, a henchman of gangster Dutch Schultz succumbed to his wounds today.

1935: In Montreal, Abie Baine was knocked out in a bout for the Montreal Athletic Commission World Heavyweight Title.

1935: Mussolini’s Fascist Italian Army invaded Ethiopia.  This act of naked aggression helped to make Mussolini a pariah among many Europeans.  In turn, this pariah status helped to drive Mussolini into an alliance with Hitler that had disastrous results for Italian Jews.  Strange as it may sound, the road to Auschwitz for Italian Jews went through Addis Abba.

1936: “The Labor Court at Berlin decided today that a National Socialist maid order by her employer to in a Jewish-owned shop has the right to leave immediately and that the employer must continue to pay her wages until the expiration of the legal notice term.”

1936: In Poland, “anti-Semitic riots in which four Jewish students were injured seriously led to the temporary closing of the University of Lwow Polytechnic School today.” (Editor’s note – According to some, the rampant anti-Semitism in pre-WW II Poland, is one of the under-studied aspects of events that led up to and helped make possible the Final Solution)

1936: As part of the “purge of Jewish influences” on “German Kultur” it was reported today that “several German composers received orders to write new music to ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ to replace that by Felix Mendelssohn.”

1936: Bronislaw Huberman, founder of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra told the Times he had just conferred with Arturo Toscanini on arrangements for the opening concert of the PSO which will be conducted by Toscanini.  The symphony has seventy members most of whom are refugees from various European countries where they were leading performers.  The concert is schedule for December and is the first of a series of scheduled performances.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Avinoam Yellin, Senior Jewish Education Officer succumbed to his wounds inflicted by an Arab terrorist. The entire Yishuv mourned this outstanding national leader. The Palestine Police offered a £1,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of Yellin's assassin.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that two Arabs were killed and two others wounded by unknown persons, believed to be Jewish, in Haifa and Jerusalem.

1937: The second season of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra begins today in Tel Aviv under the direction of Hans Wilhelm Steinberg.

1936: “I’ve Got the Tune,” “an American radio opera with words and music by Marc Blitzstein” was broadcast for the first time with Bernard Hermann as the conductor.

1938: In the wake of the Munich Agreement and its appeasement of Hitler, “French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet carries out a major purge of the Qui d'Orsay, sacking or exiling a number of anti-appeasement officials such as Pierre Comert and René Massigli”

1938: In what would prove to be one more step on the road to WW II and the Shoah, “at a "friendly luncheon" in Berchtesgaden, German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop tells Józef Lipski, the Polish ambassador to Germany, that the Free City of Danzig must return to Germany, that the Germans must be given extraterritorial rights in the Polish Corridor, and that Poland must sign the Anti-Comintern Pact.”

1939:  The Jewish Big Band Leader Benny Goodman recorded "Let's Dance"

1939: Jews in Wloclawek, Poland, are required to wear a yellow cloth triangle identifying them as Jews

1940(22nd of Tishrei, 5701): Shemini Atzert

1940: Birthdate of Rehovot native Yossi Sarid who served as an MK from 1974 through 2006 and was a columnist for Haaretz.

1940: In Brooklyn, Jack Meltzer and the former Kitty Talber gave birth to actor and preservationist Daniel Meltzer.

1940: In what should have been a moment of national shame, Marshall Philippe Petain, the Head of State of Vichy France shook hands with German Chancellor Adolf Hitler.

1941: Six thousand work passes were distributed in Vilna. This meant 4,000 Jews without work passes would be sent to their doom in Poland. They were hunted down by the Lithuanians. Among the dead were 885 children.

1941 Sixteen thousand Odessa, Ukraine, Jews are force-marched out of the city toward Dalnik, where they are bound together in groups of 40 to 50 and shot, at first in the open and later through holes drilled in the walls of warehouses. Three of these structures are set ablaze and a fourth is exploded by artillery fire.

1941:  Twenty thousand Jews fell into Nazi hands at Kharkov.

1941(3rd of Cheshvan, 5702): As part of the Odessa Action, an additional 16,000 Jews were taken from Odessa and sent to Dalnik. In Dalnik, they were all shot in ditches; machine gunned down, or burned alive in warehouses.

1941(3rd of Cheshvan, 5702): Sixty-five year old Gershon Lichtenstein was murdered by the Nazis today.

1942: The Jews of Lichtenstein were deported.

1942: Étienne Szabo, the husband of Violette Szabo, one of those murdered by the Nazis at Ravensbruck, was mortally wounded while “leading his men in a diversionary attack on Qaret el Himeimat at the beginning of the Second Battle of El Alamein.

1944: Allied airman classified as Terrorflieger ("terror aviators") who had been shipped to Buchenwald which was unusual because Western POWs to a concentration camp, were not executed today as had been planned due to the intervention of Luftwaffe officers.

1945: The UN officially came into existence today upon ratification of the Charter by the five permanent members of the Security Council—France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States—and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. Whatever one’s view of the UN is, it must be remembered that this organization played a key role in the creation of the state of Israel and unlike its predecessor, the League of Nation, it has not witnessed the start of a World War.

1947: Birthdate of actor Kevin Kline.  Kline whose father was Jewish but whose mother was not appeared in such films as The Big Chill and Sophie’s Choice.

1947: Members of the Haganah attacked forty members of the Irgun who were posting “propaganda posters.” Two members of the Haganah were wounded during the fight that took place fifteen miles south of Tel Aviv.

1948(21st of Tishrei, 5709): Hoshana Raba

1948: “Israeli forces belonging to the Givati Brigade captured Deir ad-Dubban in a northward push in Operation Yoav.”

1948(21st of Tishrei, 5709): Seventy-two year old Rustem Vambery, the jurist who had opposed the Communists and Fascists and was the son of Armin Vambery, the biographer of Theodor Herzl, passed away in New York today.

1948: The IDF launched Operation Hiram and captured the entire upper Galilee, driving the ALA, and Lebanese army back to Lebanon, and successfully ambushing and destroying an entire Syrian battalion.] The Israeli force of four infantry brigades were commanded by Moshe Carmel

1952: The Arab Liberation Movement became the only party in Syria.  For those who keep asking what happened to the Moslem/Arab world, they might want to consider this entry.  While Israel was working to develop democratic institutions from the very birth of the nation, its northern neighbor was set on a course of one-party totalitarianism

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the German Chancellor, Dr. Konrad Adenauer, defended the presence of former Nazis in his Foreign Ministry by claiming that they were irreplaceable and indispensable. It was things like this that caused many Israelis and Jews living elsewhere to want to reject any reparation payments by the West German government.  As far as they were concerned, the new Germans were the old Germans in disguise.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Jerusalem District Court ruled that according to the Nationality Law, a child whose father is Israeli and whose mother rejected Israeli citizenship, for both herself and her child, is nevertheless a citizen of Israel.  The question of “who is a Jew” has taken on many guises and shapes from ancient to modern times.

1954: Birthdate of Tampa, FL native Martin “Marty” Baron the former editor of the Boston Globe who, in case of Jew as a Jew, was portrayed by Lev Schreiber in the film “Spotlight” and who became the editor of the Washington Post in December, 2012.

1954: Birthdate of Congressman Brad Sherman, representing California’s 27th District in the House of Representatives

1956: As the Israelis, French and British worked on plans for what will become known as the Suez Campaign or the One Hundred Hours War, the British negotiators made it clear to the Israelis that they must move towards the Canal so that the British and French would have an excuse to intervene.  The Israelis primary point of interest was seizing Sharm el-Sheik which would open the Straits of Tiran.  The Israelis said they would move to take the Mitla Pass in the central Sinai and the British conceded that this would suffice for their needed “fig leaf.”

1958: “Torpedo Run,” a WW II submarine movie directed by Joseph Pevney was released in the United States by MGM.

1959: Birthdate of Yakov Kreizberg, the Russian born American orchestra conductor.

1960: “The Alamo” a one-sided costume drama about the fight in Texas co-starring Laurence Harvey and featuring a score by Dimitri Tiomkin was released today in the United States.

1961: Italian premiere of “El Cid,” on which Michał Waszyński served as Executive Producer.

1961: United Artists released “The Manchurian Candidate,” with a screenplay by George Axelrod, the son of a Russian-Jewish immigrant and a score by David Amram.

1962: The recording of “Piano, Strings and Bossa Nova,” an album by composer Lalo Schifrin was completed today.

1962: “The Manchurian Candidate” directed by John Frankenheimer who co-produced the film with George Axelrod, the author of the screenplay, with music by David Amram and co-starring Laurence Harvey was released in the United States today by United Artists.

1964: The “Tokyo” Summer Olympics where the Soviet Union Volleyball team led by Georgy Mondzolevski won a Gold Medal, came to an end today.

1966: Birthdate of oil magnate and “Russian Oligarch”, Roman Abramovich.

1970: Birthdate of actor Adam Goldberg who was featured in Saving Private Ryan

1971: Birthdate of Caprice Bourret.  Born Caprice Valerie Bourret, she gained fame as an actress and model, including her role in introducing the Wonderbra.

1973: As the Yom Kippur War was coming to an end Israeli troops were 65 miles from Cairo and 26 miles from Damascus.  While the Arabs scored major victories early in the conflict, the Israelis turned things around and the aggressors were actually worse off from a military point of view at the end hostilities than they were when the shooting started.  However, the military victory did little to heal the aching Israeli psyche or ease the sense of loss over those who fell in defense of the Jewish homeland.  The IDF death toll stood at 2,522.  These losses were over three times the number suffered during the Six Day War.  Furthermore, as Yigal Yadin pointed out, this was the first war in which fathers and sons went into action at the same time.  It was also the first time where the IDF casualty list included fathers and sons.  The war proved once again that the Arabs nations could fight and lose, time after time and still exist.  For Israelis, the wars were beginning to seem interminable and there was no margin for error.  All they had to do was lose once and the state would cease to exist.  The Yom Kippur War showed just how dependent Israel was on the United States for its military and economic wellbeing.  The war further heightened Israel’s sense of isolation as Third World countries caved into the Arab Petro-Power and broke off diplomatic relations with the Jewish state.  Strangely enough, the Egyptian ability to cross the Suez Canal would provide Sadat with a sense that he had redeemed his country’s national honor and provide him with the impetus to negotiate the Camp David Peace Accords.  At the same time, the sense of malaise that would grip Israel as a result of the Yom Kippur War would provide some of the momentum that would end the Labor-Zionist control of the Israeli government and bring Begin and his Right Wing nationalist forces to power. 

1973: “A second cease-fire was put into effect, but fighting continued between Egypt and Israel as a result of which the Soviet Union threatened the United States that it will send troops to support the Egyptians.  (As reported by JTA)

1973: Colonel Giora "Hawkeye" Epstein “downed three more MiG-21s west of the Great Bitter Lake.”

1974: David Fyodorovich Oistrakh, Ukrainian born violinists, passed away.

1976: First Jewish film & TV festival

1976: “The Seven-Per-Cent Solution,” a mystery directed and co-produced by Herbert Ross, written by Nicholas Meyer and co-starring Alan Arkin and Joel Grey was released in the United States today.

1976: The cabinet resolved, without prejudging the charges against Asher Yadlin concerning  improper conduct in the management of Kupat Holim that it could no longer delay the appointment, and named Director-General of the Treasury Arnon Gafni as governor of the Bank of Israel

1977: Menachem Begin completed his term in office as Communications Minister of Israel.

1977:  The political party founded by Yigal Yadin joined the government formed by Prime Minister Menachem Begin.  Begin had won an upset victory over the Labor Zionist who had governed the country since 1948.  Yadin believed that by joining the new government he could help fashion a much need policy of social reform and play a key role in future negotiations with the Arabs.  He based this second hope on the key role he had played in negotiating the cease fire with the Jordanians in 1948.  Much to his bitter disappointment, Yadin would find that his plans for social reform would fall victim to Ariel Sharon’s need for money to finance his plan for an expansion of settlements in the West Ban.

1977: The Democratic Movement for Change (DASH), which had won 15 Knesset seats in the last election, joined Menachem Begin in a new coalition with Meir Amit, the retired Major General, serving as minister of transport and communication. He would resign within a year.

1978(23rd of Tishrei, 5739): Simchat Torah

1979: One persona was injured today when terrorists set off a bomb in the bus terminal in Tel Aviv.

1980: “It’s My Turn” “a romantic comedy” written by Eleanor Bergstein with a title song written by Michael Masser and Carole Bayer Sager and co-starring Charles Grodin was released in the United States today by Columbia Pictures.

1980: The first national US tour of Stephen Sondheim’s Sweeney Todd: “The Demon Barber of Fleet Street” started today in Washington, D.C.

1980: “Leningrad refuseniks Lev Furman, Yuli Karolin and Isaac Kogan sent a telegram expressing their sympathy to the Jews of France in connection with the attack on the rue Copernic Synagogue in Paris.”

1981: Birthdate of American fashion designer Zac Posen. As a child Posen reportedly stole yarmulkes to use as materials for dresses he made for dolls.

1981(26th of Tishrei, 5742): Forty-three year old Raffaele Efraim Pacifici, the son Rabbi Reuven Pacifici who died at Auschwitz, passed away today at Kfar Saba.

1982: NBC began broadcasting “Little Gloria…Happy at Last” a miniseries based “on the book by Barbara Goldsmith” the wife of actor Jonathan Goldsmith, produced by Scott Rudin and co-starring Martin Balsam.

1983: Following a lengthy and intense debate within the Conservative movement, the Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS) faculty senate voted 34-8 to admit women to the JTS Rabbinical School on. The favorable vote was facilitated by the decision of several JTS faculty members who opposed the innovation not to participate in the vote. In 1977 the seminary's chancellor, Gerson Cohen, had appointed a Committee for the Study of the Ordination of Women as Rabbis. Despite the 1979 committee's final report, which recommended ordination for women by a vote of 11 to 3, tensions within the JTS and the movement delayed a positive vote until 1983.( Editor’s Note – “The next fall, in September 1984, 23 women entered JTS as members of the seminary's first class to include female rabbinical students. In the spring of 1985, Amy Eilberg, who was already studying at JTS when women's ordination was approved, became the first woman ordained as a rabbi by the Conservative movement.”)

1986: In Toronto, Sandi Graham (née Sher) who was Jewish and Dennis Graham gave birth to Canadian rapper, songwriter, and actor Aubrey Drake Graham who “was raised by his mother in Toronto's predominantly Jewish area of Forest Hills (and attended Forest Hills P.S. and Forest Hills Collegiate)

1986(21st of Tishrei, 5747): Hoshanah Rabah

1986: “Soul Man” a controversial comedy produced by Steve Tisch was released today in the United States.

1988: The Summer Paralympics where the Israeli volleyball team led by Hagai Zamir won a silver medal came to a close today.

1993: The Art Institute of Chicago presents the work of Israeli photographer Michal Rovner

1993(9th of Cheshvan, 5754): “Two IDF soldiers, Staff Sgt. (res.) Ehud Rot, age 35, and Sgt. Ilan Levi, age 23, were killed by a Hamas Iz a-Din al Kassam terrorist squad. The soldiers entered a Subaru with Israeli license plates outside a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip, whose passengers were apparently terrorists disguised as Israelis. Following a brief struggle, the soldiers were shot at close range and killed. Hamas publicly claimed responsibility for the attack”

1994: A revival of “Mother,” the teleplay by Paddy Chayefsky was featured on the PBS Great Performances series today

1996: Actress Rena Shere Sofer played the role of Lois Cerullo on General Hospital for the last time.

1997(23rd of Tishrei, 5758) Simchat Torah

1999: Bruce Fleischer won the EMC Kaanapali Classic.

1999: “None of the Above” published today reviewed The Big Test The Secret History of the American Meritocracy by Nicholas Lemann.

2000: Following its original Broadway opening on May 23, “Proof” costarring Ben Shenkman as “Hal” transferred to the Walter Kerr Theatre today.

1999: The New York Times includes reviews of the following books by Jewish authors: The Play Goes On: A Memoir by Neil Simone and In Search of American Jewish Culture by Stephen Whitfield, one of Tulane University’s most illustrious graduates and AEPi’s most illustrious “brother.”

2001: Benefit Premiere for the NYC Theatrical Release of the controversial movie “Trembling Before G-d” at Film Forum.

2001: The sale of Fox Family Worldwide, Inc. to The Walt Disney Company which Haim Saban had announced in July was completed today.

2002: Premiere of “Broken Wings” an Israeli film directed by Nir Bergman.

2004: Eight months after premiering at the Berlin International Film Festival, “Walk on Water,” an Israeli film starring Lior Ashkenazie and directed by Eytan Fox was first shown in the United States today.

2004: The New York Times book section featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on Jewish topics including Kaufman & Co.: Broadway Comedies by George S. Kaufman with Edna Ferber, Moss Hart, Ring Lardner and Morrie Ryskind, The Roads to Modernity: The British, French, and American Enlightenments by Gertrude Himmelfarb, Any Place I Hang My Hat by Susan Isaacs and Chronicles Volume One by Bob Dylan, an autobiography of the life of Robert Zimmerman

2004:  Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, sponsored its annual Big Dinner fund raising activity. For once, the city of Cedar Rapids was awash with real corned beef and Dr. Brown's Cream Soda. “Es, es mien kinder; es.”

2004:  The Jerusalem Post reported that approximately 140,000 Muslim worshippers attended Ramadan prayers on the Temple Mount on the previous Friday afternoon. Considering the violence of the Intifada, it is rather amazing that Israel was willing to risk this large a gathering.  It speaks well of the Israelis that they were willing to run the risk so that others, even those who oppose its very existence, might celebrate their religious observances. 

2005 (21 Tishrei 5766): Hoshana Rabbah

2005: “The Luddite from York University” published today described the antics of David Noble, who teaches at Canada’s third largest university. As reported by Steven Plaut) [This item is an example of the anti-Semitism that has cropped up on college campuses in North America.]

2006: In her first weekly column which is called "Breaking the Sound Barrier" Amy Goodman wrote, "My column will include voices so often excluded, people whose views the media mostly ignore, issues they distort and even ridicule]

2006(2nd of Cheshvan, 5767): Eighty-seven year old Sally Lilienthal the peace activist who founded Ploughshares Fund passed away today. (As reported by Patricia Sullivan)

2006(2nd of Cheshvan, 5767): Eighty-eight year old “ Benjamin Meed, a leading advocate for Jewish Holocaust survivors who in the decades after the war gathered them together by the tens of thousands, reuniting people with friends, neighbors and family members presumed to have been lost forever, died today at his home in Manhattan. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2007: “Third World Love” celebrates the release of its fourth album, “New Blues,” with a performance of Jerusalem’s Yellow Submarine.

2007: Marianne Pearl, the widow of Daniel Pearl, dropped her lawsuit “seeking damages against al-Qaida and Pakistan’s largest bank.

2007: Terrorists went on a shooting spree in an attack on the West Bank in and around the Ariel junction, seriously wounding one IDF soldier.  Hamas and Fatah both claimed they were each responsible for the attack.

2008: Opening of Fall Chavurah (SLIID), hosted by CeRTY of Central Reform Congregation, in St. Louis.

2008: At New York University Etgar Keret joins Todd Hasak-Lowy, professor of Hebrew Language and Literature at the University of Florida, for a fiction reading and conversation with NYU professor Matthew Rohrer.

2008(25 Tishrei, 5769): Sixty-five year old “ Rabbi Moshe Cotel, an acclaimed pianist and composer whose works were often infused with themes emanating from his deep Jewish roots, a weave of influences that only later in life led him to the pulpit, passed away today  at his home in Manhattan. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

2008: Gottschalks, a department store chain founded by German Jewish immigrant Emil Gottschalk in 1904 as a dry goods store in downtown Fresno, California, “was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange. NYSE officials stated that the value of the stock was too low to continue to be listed, and that its average global market capitalization had remained below $25 million for 30 straight trading days.”

2009(6th of Cheshvan, 5770): Norma Fox Mazer, an award-winning novelist for young people whose work helped illuminate many dark corners of adolescence, exploring subjects like poverty, betrayal, abandonment and loss, passed away at her home in Montpelier, VT at the age of 78.

2009: At the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival a program entitled “SLAM! An Evening of Spoken Word Poetry” featuring Jake Marmer who “merges poetry and performance into philosophically viral mixtures like existentialist dancehall, talmudic jazz poetry and personalized bop apocalypse.”

2009: In Jerusalem, Khan Theatre presents "Happiness," a comedy written and directed by Michael Gurevich. The show won two Israeli Theatre Awards for 2004: Best Director and Best Choreography.

2010: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including My Year of Flops: The A.V. Club Presents One Man’s Journey Deep Into the Heart of Cinematic Failure by Nathan Rabin and The False Friend by Myla Goldberg

2010: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to conduct “A Walking Tour of Old Town Alexandria” that will enable participants to learn about the long and storied Jewish history of this Virginia’s city, from the 1850s to today including the sites of two former synagogues and several Jewish businesses along King Street-including some that show traces of past Jewish owners.

2010: Max Weinreich Center at YIVO along with Hunter College and the Posen Foundation are scheduled to present: A Conference on the 150th Anniversary of the Birth of Simon Dubnow

The day-long conference on the life and career of the renowned historian will include a look at "Dubnow on the East European Jewish Past," "Dubnovism in the 20th Century" and "Dubnow and Jewish Ideologies of His Time."  Dr. Brian Horowtiz of Tulane University is scheduled to be one of the presenters.

2010(16th of Cheshvan, 5771): Ninety-eight year old “Joseph Stein, the Tony Award-winning author of “Fiddler on the Roof” and more than a dozen other Broadway musicals, died today in Manhattan. (As reported by Anita Gates and Bruce Weber)

2011: A Dramatic Reading entitled “The Civil War at 150 United By Faith, Divided by War: Jews and the Civil War” is scheduled to take place tonight at the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival at the Washington DC JCC.

2011: A new memorial honoring 14 Jewish chaplains who died in the service of the United States is scheduled to be dedicated at Arlington National Cemetery.

2011: Mayor Carolyn Goldmark Goodman greeted President Obama at the McCarran Airport and “gave him one of her luck mayor chips as a gift” signifying that she did not share her husband’s (and former Mayor) displeasure with remarks the President had made about the city.

2011: In a tale of two Jews in the city of Chicago, incoming Cubs president of baseball operations Theo Epstein arrived at Wrigley Field this morning to meet some of the team's employees and check out his new digs while Mayor Rahm Emanuel was forced to defend the decision to arrest two nurses who remained in Grant Park after the 11 pm closing time as part of the Windy City’s local version of the national protest against economic inequality.

2011: An IDF soldier was arrested by Military Police today on suspicion of leaking information to right-wing elements over military activities in the West Bank.

2011: In “Ruth Weiss: Beat ‘Goddess’ True Innovator of Poetry & Jazz” Lourdes Acevedo described the life and impact of the beat generation poetess.

2012: The Northern Virginia Hebrew Congregation is scheduled to sponsor a lecture by Thomas E. Mann entitled “It’s Even Worse Than It Looks: The Clash Between Our Constitutional System and Political Extremism.”

2012: Professor Stefanie Schüler-Springorum (Center for Research on Antisemitism, Technical University, Berlin) is scheduled to deliver a lecture, “The Witness and the Holocaust - Oral Testimonies and Historical Knowledge” in London, UK.

2012: The Annual Conference of the Program Directors of Reform Judaism that has been meeting in Denver, CO, is scheduled to come to an end.

2012: Today, President Shimon Peres accused Palestinians of using aid donations to fund their rocket campaign against Israel.

2012: More than 60 rockets and mortar shells fired from Gaza have hit southern Israel in the last 24 hours, striking several homes and injuring three. Between late last night and late this morning Israel Air Force planes hit four of what the Israel Defense Forces said were rocket launching sites, as well as a tunnel used for smuggling terrorists into Israel, according to statements issued from the IDF. The rockets and mortar shells began falling on southern Israeli communities late last night and have continued through the day today

2012: The Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Washington and the Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia are scheduled to host a lunch where attendees can question Tim Kaine, the Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate from Virginia about his views and policies

 2013: The Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center is scheduled to co-host the Chicago book launch of Against A Tide of Evil by Dr. Mukesh Kapila.

2013: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present Fritz Stern and Elisabeth Sifton, authors of No Ordinary Men who will lead a discussion about Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Hans Von Dohanyi.

2013: The RAC is scheduled to observe Food Day with a webinar that will feature special guests, Seth Goldman, President and TeaEO of Honest Tea; and Rabbi Mary Zamore, editor of "The Sacred Table: Creating a Jewish Food Ethic,” discussing the various challenges within our global food system, and how we can apply our Jewish values to conscious eating, and the concept of “food with integrity.”

2013: Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon said today that a "civil war" has erupted in Lebanon between Hezbollah and Global Jihad elements that have attempted to drag Israel into the conflict (As reported by JPost Staff)

2013: Los Angeles premiere of “The Pin,” a love story about two Jewish teenagers hiding in a barn in Lithuania during WW II.

2013: IDF Chief of Staff, Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz announced that Colonel Rasan Alian has been appointed to commander the Golani Brigade making him the first Druse officer to hold the position.

2014(30th of Tishrei, 5775): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

2014: “The Obama administration this week refused Israel defense minister’s requests to meet several top national security aides, still miffed over negative comments he made about Secretary of State John Kerry’s Mideast peace efforts and nuclear negotiations with Iran, US officials said today. “

2014: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host a piano recital by Tom Zalmanov as part of its “The Future Generation Series.”

2014: The police arrested three Palestinians who were throwing rocks and fireworks at them after the conclusion of prayers on the Temple Mount.

2014: The Women at the Wall celebrated Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan today and their first ever Bar Mitzvahu using a miniature Torah scroll that they had “snuck” in the Kotel plaza.

2014, In Canada, “Richmond Hill Centre for the Performing Arts is presenting An Evening with Jeffrey Tambor, the multi-award winning actor of film, television, and Broadway.

2014: Temple Judah is schedule to host its first Musical Shabbat of the season along with addition of the Caster/Barnum baby naming

2014: Nick Kotz is a former reporter for The Washington Post and The Des Moines Register is scheduled to discuss  The Harness Maker’s Dream: Nathan Kallison and the Rise Of South Texas at the Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival.

2014: An untold number of Jews are scheduled to join in a unique Shabbat experience – ShabbatUK

2015: Tamar Ettun’s first solo exhibition at the Fridman Gallery is scheduled to come to a close.

2015: The JCCNVA is scheduled to host “Blue Like Me: The Art of Sinoa Benjamin” which traces the artist’s “roots in the Bene Israel community where she grew up.”

2015: Israel is scheduled to go on “winter time” meaning 2am becomes 3am

2015(11th of Cheshvan, 5776): Shabbat Lech-Lecha

2015(11th of Cheshvan, 5776): Rabbi Haim (Howie) Yehiel Rothman, who died today of injuries he sustained during a deadly terror attack at a Jerusalem synagogue almost a year ago, was laid to rest in the evening in an emotional ceremony at the capital’s Givat Shaul cemetery.

2015: In New Brunswick, NJ, Congregation Poile Tzedek which had been “declared a National Landmark in 1995” and three Torah scrolls were consumed by fire while one other Torah was saved when Rabbi Mykoff “raced” into the burning building and retrieved the holy scroll.

2015: “Thousands of left-wing Israelis turned out in Tel Aviv tonight for a rally condemning the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for what they called its poor response to the current security situation” and demanding that Netanyahu resign.

2016(22nd of Tishrei, 5777): Shemini Atzeret

2016: The Stephen Wise Free Synagogue is scheduled to host a Tot Simchat Torah

2016: In the evening, start of Simchat Torah celebration




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