Friday, October 21, 2016

This Day, October 22, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin


362: A mysterious fire destroys the temple of Apollo at Daphne outside Antioch. According to one source, the Christians living in Antioch who were angry with the Emperor Julian for the favor he showed to Jewish and pagan rites, and, outraged by the closing of its great church of Constantine, burned down the temple of Apollo in Daphne. Julian had promised to rebuild the Temple at Jerusalem, a promise he was unable to keep due to his untimely and mysterious death. Julian was the last non-Christian emperor of Rome.  He opposed the special privileges that his predecessors had granted to Christianity because he thought the road to restoring Roman grandeur lay in returning to basic Roman values which were tied to their pagan religion.

741:  Charles Martel passed away.  Charles Martel or Charles the Hammer is credited with saving Europe from Islam by defeating the Moors at the Battle of Tours. This effectively meant, that Islamic culture would remain south of the Pyrenees in what is modern day Spain.  Although fighting would continue between invading Moslem armies and defending Christian armies, most of Europe was destined to be Christian.  This division would have profound consequences for the development of Jewish civilizations in various parts of Europe, Africa and Asia.  Charles Martel was the grandfather of Charlemagne, the great French leader and effectively the first Holy Roman Emperor.  Charlemagne treated his Jewish subjects comparatively well even in the face of pressure from the Catholic Church  

1495: Ines Lopez of Ciudad Real, Spain was accused of heresy. In confessing, she wrote to the Inquisitional Court stating she was a 'Christian', but admitted wearing clean clothing on Saturday. In the letter she accused her cousin of teaching her to observe Passover, saying it was good "for her soul." Turning in her cousin satisfied the Inquisition, but they could do nothing as she was safe in Constantinople. Soon after this, Lopez was sentenced to life imprisonment, ordered to wear the San Benito and was burned at the stake.

1586: Sixtus V issued Christiana Pietas, a papal bull that ameliorated the restrictions placed on Jews by his papal predecessors. Among other things, the papal bull allowed the reprinting of the Talmud and other Jewish books provided that they had properly been censored before publication.  The successor to Sixtus would not only reverse this bull, he would promulgate even more onerous restrictions on the Jewish people.

1586: A bull issued today by Sixtus “permitted the Jews to rebuild synagogues on the earlier sites, provided the contributions for the support of catechumens be not reduced in amount.”

1597: The Roman Curia ruled that a Jewish child baptized without the permission of his parents, as required by canonical law, must be brought up as a Catholic.  The ruling required the removal of the child from hits parents.

1668: The Jews of Barbados were forbidden to engage in foreign or local retail trade. Jews were forbidden from purchasing slaves, and were forced into living in a Jewish Ghetto in Barbados. All the discriminatory laws were removed by 1802, by the colonial government of Barbados. In 1820, the British Parliament also confirmed this repeal of the discrimination laws against the Jews.

1688: Birthdate of Nadir Shah of Persia.  A member of the Afsharid dynasty, he was positively disposed towards his subjects.  Persecution of the Jews resumed after he was assassinated in 1747

1727: Coronation of George II who was so moved when he saw Charles Macklin’s portrayal of Shylock in the Merchant of Venice (of which a bystander said “This is the Jew/That Shakespeare Drew””  the English king “was so moved he could not sleep”

1746:  The College of New Jersey, which became Princeton University, received its charter.  Like all elite colleges, Princeton has a checkered past when it comes to Jewish students and faculty.  Today the university boasts a Jewish Studies Program and a Hillel Chapter.  Albert Einstein is probably the most famous Jew to serve at Princeton.

1780(23rd of Tishrei, 5541): Simchat Torah

1792: French troops take Frankfurt and the tri-color floats above the arsenal located at the north gate to the ghetto.  Oddly enough, the Jews of Frankfurt respond as “Prussian patriots” and cheered when the French were to leave a few weeks later.

1799(23rd of Tishrei, 5560): Last Simchat Torah of the 18th century.

1804: Birthdate of Palestinian geographer Joseph Schwarz

1806: In London, Nathan Mayer Rothschild married Hannah Barnet-Cohen the daughter of Lydia and Levi-Barent Cohen.

1832: In Prussia, Mr. and Mrs. Heinrich Damrosch gave birth to German American musician and conductor Leopold Damrosch “who was baptized a Lutheran when marrying his wife, former opera singer Helene von Heimburg.”

1835: During the Texas War for Independence Albert Moses Levy who had come to Texas as a member of the New Orleans Greys and who had been appointed surgeon in chief of the volunteer army of Texas began his army career which last would less than five months before he transferred to Republic’s fledgling Navy. In 1986, the state of Texas would institute Albert Moses Levy Day to honor Levy and all of his fellow Jews who served during the War for Independence.

1836: Sam Houston is inaugurated first President of the Republic of Texas.  Jews played an active role in the settlement of Texas from the earliest days.  Samuel Izaacs was reported to be the first Jew to settle in Texas when he arrived in 1821 with the party led by Stephen Austin.  Dr. Moses Levy, a native of Richmond, Virginia, was the surgeon-in-chief of the volunteers.  Castroville, Texas takes its name from Henri Castro, a French native who provided financial aid for the fledgling republic in return for a large land grant in south Texas between San Antonio and the Rio Grande River.

1837(23rd of Tishrei, 5598): Simchat Torah.

1837: In Liverpool, UK, Eliazer Laman Fox, “the proprietor of a large cap making business” and his wife gave birth to Ephraim Laman Zox who moved to Australia in 1852 where he became a successful financier and political leader.

1839: Birthdate of Leon Jacob Wertheim the Amsterdam born banker and author who was a friend of the French poet Lamartine

1843: Birthdate of Moshe Leib Lilienblum

1845: Birthdate of Liverpool native Esther Anna Phillips who would be interred in the Jewish cemetery at Natchitoches, LA when she passed away on May 18, 1924.

1847(12th of Cheshvan, 5608): Henriette Herz née De Lemos who was “best known for the "salonnieres" or literary salons that she started with a group of emancipated Jews in Prussia” passed away today. Henriette Herz had grown up in the Berlin of the Jewish emancipation and had shared tutors apparently with the Mendelssohn's daughters. At age fifteen, she married a physician, twenty years her senior. Dr. Markus Herz had studied medicine at the University of Königsberg, one of only three universities that accepted Jews -- but only in its medical faculty. She was said to be an extremely beautiful woman. After a few years the salon split in two, a science-seminar led by her husband and a literary salon by Henriette herself. Most notable men and women in Berlin were said to have attended her salon. Among her friends and acquaintances were Dorothea von Schlegel, Jean Paul Richter, Friedrich Schiller, Mirabeau, Friedrich Rückert, the Danish Barthold Georg Niebuhr, Johannes von Müller, the sculptor Schadow, Salomon Maimon, Friedrich von Gentz, Fanny von Arnstein, Madame de Genlis. Alexander von Humboldt often visited and even received Hebrew lessons from Henriette. The theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher was another frequent visitor; a fact which for Jews was her undoing.  After the death of her husband she came under the powerful influence of Schleiermacher and converted to Protestantism.  Strange that the daughter of a Portuguese Jewish family, a family that clung to its faith despite the blandishments of Catholic Princes and the threat of the Inquisition, would surrender to the blandishments of the pseudo-equality of 19th century Germany. 

1844: Birthdate of actress Sarah Bernhardt.  Born in Parish, she was the illegitimate daughter of Judith van Hard who came from a Dutch Jewish family. Since the youngster’s presence interfered with her mother’s way of life she placed in a convent and baptized, but was always conscious and proud of her Jewish origin.”  Ms. Bernhardt was an international star of the legitimate stage and the silent silver screen.  She passed away in 1923.

1845(21st of Tishrei, 5606): Angiolo Fiorentino, the son Solomon Fiorentino and Laura Gallico, who was born at Monte San Savino in 1770 and “was a Hebrew instruct at Leghorn and Florence” passed away today.

1852: A column entitled "Austria" published today reported that a fire had broken out in a synagogue in Kolmed, Galicia where approximately a thousand Jews were attending services.  The warning cry of "fire" was first heard in the women's balcony.  In the ensuing stampede to avoid the flames thirty-six women were crushed to death as they tried to make their way down the narrow stairway.  The fire had been set by a gang of thieves who snatched pearls, diamonds and other jewelry from the women during the confusion.

1860: It was reported today that in New York, the Board of Alderman had adopted report in favor of leasing, at the rate of $1 per year, a plot of ground on the corner of Third-avenue and Seventy-seventh-street, for the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, the lease to continue so long as it is used for such purposes.

1860: In Stuanton, VA, Abraham Singer and Regina Gutman gave birth to Philadelphia attorney Jacob Singer the graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, husband of Lea Marguerite Frank and Republican Party activist who joined B’nai B’rith in 1890 while serving also serving as a trustee of the Jewish Theological Seminary and a director of Congregation Adath Jeshurun and the B’nai B’rith Manual Training School.

1861: "Affairs in Utah" published today Jews were an important component of this Mormon dominated territory. “A new Governor has been talked of for some time, for this Territory, but I believe no such person has yet appeared in this vicinity. As far as I can see, the reappointment of the late incumbent, Mr. Cumming, would meet the views of Jews and Gentiles here perhaps as completely as could be done by selecting any other name. That burly old gentleman somehow had the knack of getting decently along with both the contending elements of this community, though I believe neither could drive him an inch further than he was inclined to budge.”

1864: 22nd of Tishrei, 5625): Shmini Atzeret coincided with Shabbat

1864: During the Civil War. Major Alfred Mordecai, Jr. was named Acting Chief of Ordinance for the Department and Army of Tennessee, one of the largest military units in the Union Army.

1866: “Singular Discover: A Colony of Jews in the Heart of China” published today described the plight of the Jews living in Kaifeng, the capital of Hunan province, which was one of the Seven Ancient Capitals of China.  According to a stone found on the site of the now destroyed synagogue, the Jews had first arrived during the Hon Dynasty (200 BCE-200 CE), this house of worship had been built in 1163 during the Sung dynasty and rebuilt about 300 years ago during the Ming dynasty.  There are between 200 and 400 people who identify themselves as Jews living in the city.  The last Rabbi, who apparently was the last person to know Hebrew, passed away about 40 years ago.  The Jews still knew the names of their holidays but had no knowledge of how to observe them. The Jewish community has suffered serious economic loss as a result of the many years of violence that have racked the area.  The synagogue had fallen into a state of disrepair and ruin.  There was no money to rebuild it. According to this account, the Jews actually tore the decaying building down with the hope of selling the scrap for money to help to meet their basic needs.  Somehow, one of the main stones from the synagogue ended up as part of the local mosque.  

1866: In London, Henrietta Susannah Temperley Budd and Edward John Oppenheim, a Jewish leather merchant gave birth to Edward Phillips Oppenheimer who became “one of the country’s most popular writers of spy novels.”

1867(23rd of Tishrei, 5628) Simchat Torah

1874: In New York City, at the Academy of Music, Bayard Taylor gave a lecture on the topic of “Ancient Egypt.”  The well-attended event was sponsored by the Hebrew Young Men’s Association. John R. Brady, a justice of the state Supreme Court introduced the speaker.  In his opening remarks, Brady, who was not Jewish, said, “…the purpose of the …Young Men’s Hebrew Association…are first, the establishment of a reading room and library; second, the delivery of lectures on historical , scientific and social topics and on Jewish history and literature, and in the third place, entertainments of a social, artistic, literary and musical nature….This is a program so entirely comprehensive that he who cannot be satisfied with any of the several subjects suggest me be extremely unworthy of the designation of an American citizen.  The lecture tonight is given on the invitation of the descendants of a race who were formerly bondsmen on the banks of the Nile, who helped build the pyramids, and hence the propriety of commencing a lecture season with a lecture, the subject of which is identified with that extraordinary performance.”

1875(23rd of Tishrei, 5636): Simchat Torah

1876: In Baltimore, MD, the new Hebrew Orphan Asylum was dedicated in ceremonies led by Dr, Benjamin Szold.  Governor John Carroll and Baltimore Mayor Ferdinand Latrobe were among the dignitaries in attendance. Szold was the rabbi for Temple Oheb Shalom and the father of Henrietta Szold.

1878: Moritz Ellinger has been chosen to run for the position of Coroner by the opponents of the Tammany political machine.

1878: In Charleston, SC, W.W. Sale officiated at the wedding of Dr. T.E. Hertz and Mrs. Louis E. Jenkins.

1883: In Temesvar, Hungary, Dr. Jules Rosenberg, a leading Jewish lawyer, shot and killed Count Etienne de Battyany in duel fought over the affections of Mlle. Hona de Schossberger.

1883: It was reported today that a dispute over the process of selecting officers to lead Ansche Chesed B’nai Kovanah was the cause of the altercation that took place at the synagogue on the Lower East Side after Shabbat had ended last week.


1883: The original Metropolitan Opera House in New York held its grand opening with a performance of Gounod's ''Faust.'' The Met was the product of the Metropolitan Opera Association.  Two decades after the opening of the Met, Otto H. Kahn took over as head of the association and chaired it for almost three decades until his death.

1884: “Shot For A Robbing A Melon Patch” published today described events surround the fatal shooting of John Henry Wilson.  Wilson was shot while stealing melons from a patch guarded by a 19 year old German, Henry Lehr.

1884: It was reported today that Justice McCarthy is “reserving his decision” after hearing the evidence in a suit brought by Sara Rook, an 18 year old Jewess from Poland who has been living with her uncle Jacob Leiman, against her cousin Kever Leiman to whom she claims she is engaged and who wrongfully took back gifts he had given as part of the engagement.  Kever’s parents testified that the jewelry belonged to his mother who had lent the items to the young lady and that the event which she claims was her engagement party was in fact the engagement party for Kever’s younger brother.  (Yes, this Jewish soap opera actually appeared in a major secular newspaper.)

1886(23rd of Tishrei, 5647): Simchat Torah

1886: It was reported today that when a member of the Ohio Grand Lodge of Mason was challenged over his role in laying the cornerstone for Anshe Chesed in Cleveland, he “explained that it is the duty of Masons to lay a cornerstone whenever called upon.”

1886: It was reported today that Mary Suselinski, the young servant girls who had tried to poison the Ginsburg family, told authorities that she was really a Christian and not Jewish.  She had only claimed to be Jewish because she thought it would be easier to find work that way.

1887: In “The Growth of Liberalism,” which was published today, Rabbi Kaufman Kohler defended his decision to begin delivering lectures on Sunday at Temple Beth-El that would replace the traditional Saturday services.  He began the practice 14 years ago while in Chicago and states that it is quite popular with the Reform leaders in German.  He claims that the young men this congregation are highly supportive of the change and the need to attract younger members to Jewish congregations is one of the many reasons for making the shift from Saturday to Sunday. (Those of you who know about the history of the Reform movement will recognize this as a contemporary account of one of that movement’s attempt to create a Judaism that conformed to the world around it,)

1887(4th of Cheshvan, 5648) Seventy-one year old historian Simon Hock passed away today.

1888: It was reported today that the members of the newly formed Hebrew Actors’ Union “are all Socialists and” that they “intend to join the Central Labor Union.”

1888: It was reported today the Century will be publishing an article on Assyrian monuments written by Professor Morris Jastrow.

1888: It was reported today that Professor Morris Jastrow “will take charge of the course in Semitic Languages at the University of Pennsylvania while his colleagues are conducting an expedition to Babylonia. 

1890: Birthdate of Martha Wertheimer the Frankfurt born author and journalist who lost her newspaper job when the Nazis came to power and whose inability to find safe sanctuary abroad led to her eventual murder at Sobibor in 1942.

1890(8th of Cheshvan, 5651): Joseph Rosenthal who has been head of the “dry good firm of J. Rosenthal & Co. for the last forty five years” and “was a generous contributor to Hebrew charities”  passed away today at his home on East 61st Street in New York.

1891: “Russia and Europe” published today described the problems that the Czar’s government is having dealing with the disastrous famine gripping the country including the persecution and expulsion of the Jews which has deprived the regime “of the those citizens” who are most useful “in times of distress” and has made the possibility of obtaining a loan even more difficult because of the opposition of Jews throughout Europe to such an action. 

1892: In Clinton, NY, Hamilton College announced “the prize oration and essay subjects” that included “The Hebrew Prophets as Social and Political Reformers” and “Pathos in the Life and Poetry of Heinrich Heine.”

1892: Edwin Einstein, the Republican candidate for Mayor of New York City “made his first formal speech of the campaign at a meeting tonight in the Hebrew Institute Hall at East Broadway and Jefferson Street.

1893: Birthdate of Manfred George Cohn, the German born journalist who gained fame as Manfred George, the refugee from the Nazis who “started work in New York as editor of Aufbau and turned it into an important journalistic voice for the Jewish exile community in the post-World War II era, leading him to be called ‘a central figure in Jewish journalism of the Hitler and post-Hitler period’".

1894: According to reports published today, Jacob A. Cantor has five opponents in his bid to be elected to the House of Representatives from New York’s 15th Congressional District. Cantor’s is the first name on the ballot which bodes well for his chances of being elected.

1896: “Baroness Hirsch’s Check” published described how the widow of the Baron had sent a check for $1,000 to Temple B’nai Israel in Columbus, GA after she had received a request four months ago from Mrs. Gabriel, the President of the Hebrew Ladies’ Aid Society who unfortunately passed away on the same day that the check arrived from Paris.

1899: The USS Scorpion (PY-3) which had been commanded by Adolph Marx the first Jewish graduate of the United States Naval Academy during the Spanish-American War was recommissioned today.

1898: Captain Mathew Nathan, a graduate of the Royal Military Academy and the son of Jonah Nathan was promoted to the rank of major in the engineers

1900: In Lodz, Israel Jakob Perelberg (who changed his name to Perlberg) and the former Tajbe Markus gave birth to Wolf Perelberg who gained famed as movie producer William Perlberg.

1902: Meeting with Colonial Minister Joseph Chamberlain: Herzl presents the plan for the colonization of Cyprus and the Sinai Peninsula, including El Arish: Jewish settlers under a Jewish administration.

1903: Birthdate of Curly Howard.  Born Jerome Lester Horwitz, Howard was one of the Three Stooges, along with his brother Moe Howard and Larry Fine.

1905: Birthdate of Hungarian composer Joseph Kosma.

1906: Birthdate of Manfred Erich Swarsensky the German born rabbi who came to the United States after being imprisoned in Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp came to the United where served Temple Bethel “a reform congregation in Madison, Wisconsin.”

1906: Birthdate of New Yorker Sidney Krischner, who gained famed as Pulitzer Prize winner dramatist Sidney Kingsley.

1913: In Duluth, MN, Isadore and Ann Jaffe gave birth to Edward Jaffe. Isadore Jaffe “was a tailor from Lithuania who borrowed the money for a passage to America from a woman acquaintance who assumed he would then send for her and marry her. When he did not, she came over herself, tracked him down in Duluth and got a rabbi to perform the wedding.” Edward Jaffe moved to New York and “became a press agent legendary for his lost causes, chutzpah and angst, who all but made Broadway his alias and held that the best kind of promotion was self-promotion.” (As reported by Ralph Blumenthal)

1913: In Budapest, Dezső and Júlia Friedmann-Berkovits gave birth to Endre Ernő Friedmann who as Robert Capa became one of the most famous of photographer of his time.  He survived the Spanish Civil War and World War II only to die in 1954 while covering the war in Indochina.  Capa was in the first wave of troops that hit the beaches at Normandy and his photos are the classic views of the Longest Day.

1914: “Nathan Straus sent a letter to Govern Glynn of New York today praising the work the Governor had accomplished in the way of legislative reform, particularly the new primary law and the Workmen’s Compensation Law.”

1914: “Great Russian Host on Prussian Border” published today described the multi-ethnic force under General Rennenkampff that included Jews from Riga and Libau which was preparing an new attack on Eastern Front.

1914: In describing the fighting on the Eastern Front during World War I,a correspondent for the London Standard reported he shudders “to think of the ravages made by the waves of troops, both German and Russians who passed to and fro over what was once a peaceful, quiet agricultural region inhabited chiefly by Jews.”

1915: Birthdate of Aaron Katz, who would spend fifty years of his life seeking to exonerate Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.

1915: Colonel John Monash, who was a brevet brigadier-general was decorated with the Companion Order of Bath.

1915: “Seligman for Perkins” published today quoted a letter from Isaac Seligman to Frank Moss and the Perkins Campaign stating this endorsement of Moss was only for the primary election and that he was prepared to cast his vote for Charles A. Perkin in the upcoming general election for district attorney.

1915: The list of the newly re-elected trustees of the Hebrew United Charities published today included “Mrs. J.B. Greenhut, Louis J. Grumbach, Morris Mayer, Alexander New, Daniel Richter, Jack W. Schiffer, Louis Stern and Edwin C. Vogel.”

1915: Birthdate of Sydney Simon Shulemson DFC who “was a Canadian fighter pilot, and Canada's highest decorated Jewish soldier, during World War II… After the war, Shulemson located aircraft and recruited pilots for Israel's growing Israeli Air Force.”  He passed away at his home in Florida in 2007

1915: In the village of Ruzhany, Perla and Shlomo Jeziernicky gave birth to Icchak Jeziernicky who would gain fame as Yitzhak Shamir, the seventh Prime Minister of Israel.

1915: “German Jews Aid Turks” published reported that the “Jewish parishes of Germany have sent to Constantinople two railroad cars filled with hospital supplies for the Turkish Army” under the control of Herr Nosig, the Jewish delegate” who “was received in audience by the Sultan, the heir to throne, the Minister of War, Enver Pasha and other representatives of the Turkish Government.”  (Herr Nossig was Alfred Nossig, the son of Fryderka and Iazk Nossig, who had been born in the Ukraine in 1943 and who died in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1943 – just another prominent German Jew whom the Germans considered to be only a Jew)

1915: It was reported today that “a Moslem-Israelite Union for the promotion of solidary between Jews and Turks” exists in Constantinople.

1915: It was reported today that “the Turkish, German and Austro-Hungarian Governments have exchanged views with the purpose of reaching an agreement concerning the betterment of the position of the Jews in the East.”

1916(25th of Tishrei, 5677): Sir Jacob Elias Sassoon, 1st Baronet “the elder son of Elias David Sassoon” who  built the Knesset Eliyahoo in Mumbai, Ohel Leah in Hong Kong, and Ohel Rachel in Shanghai” which was completed after his death, passed away today.

1916: The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War reported a list of contributions today including $300 from Congregation Gates of Wisdom, $654 from Congreagation A.B.I in New Britain and $100 from Beth H’am Hagodal in Jersey City.

1916: “The Provisional Zionist Committee, the organization which in in control of the activities of the Zionist movement, announced that it has secured the consent of the State Department to the sending of a consignment of drugs to Palestine on the Syrian relief ship that is to leave New York under the joint auspices of the Syrian Committee and the Red Cross.”

1916: “Consent has been secured to send a medical unit consisting of ten doctors, five nurses and representative of the Provisional Zionist Committee to Palestine” to deal with the typhus, cholera and other epidemics” that are overwhelming the country due to the scarcity of physicians.

1916: In a case of Jew versus Jew “]at a meeting of the United Hebrew Trades held this afternoon at the Star Casino, five thousand people “derided and jeered at Saul J. Dickheiser, the former Deputy Attorney General of New York State when he challenged Morris Hilliquit during” the speech given by the self-described “scientific socialist.”

1916: Owen Johnson described The Arcade on Lincoln Square, an ethnic melting pot that includes “Jews with their clothing bazars” as being Manhattans “New Bohemia.”

1917(6th of Cheshvan, 5678): English solicitor George Solomon Joseph, the husband of the former Henrietta Franklin, the father of “composer, arranger and musical teacher” Jane Marian Joseph, passed away today after suffering a heart attack.

1917: It was reported today that “a resolution introduced by ex-Assemblyman Solomon Suffrin” at conference of Rumanian Jews meeting in New York “pledging to the” United States “the loyalty of Rumanian Jewish citizens and promising cooperation in the sale of Liberty bonds was carried unanimously by a rising vote.”

1917: It was reported today that “the Russian peace program drawn up by the Central Executive Committee of the Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates” included 15 parts, the seventh of which stated “Rumania to be restored her old frontiers on condition that she…grant equal rights to the Jews.”

1917: At the Fusion coalition party’s headquarters in the Hotel Manhattan, Henry Morgenthau the former Ambassador said that Mayor Mitchel would win re-election with a “plurality of approximately of 40,000” that would spell defeat for the other three candidates including Morris Hillquit.

1917(6th of Cheshvan, 5678): Seventy-seven year old Giuseppe Foa, the husband of Annetta Luzzati Foa and the father of Ida Dolce Foza Ghiron, who was the Grand Rabbi of Turino until 1903 and knight of the Crown of Italy passed away today in Turin.

1917: The two hundred aged residents of the Home of the Daughters of Jacob in NYC gave $100 to Superintendent Albert Kruger "with instructions of buy a Liberty Bond in the name of the institution.  Among the contributors were 109 year old Nissen Rosenstein said to be the oldest man living in NY who gave five dollars and 113 year old Ethel Polansky who contributed one dollar.  The residents held a service before making their donations during which they prayed "for the success of the American arms and the coming of an honorable peace.

1919:  Birthdate of author and political radical Doris Lessing.  Lessing led a colorful life.  Born Doris Tayler to English parents living in Persia (now Iran) her father moved the family to what was then the British Colony of Rhodesia.  In 1943, after divorcing her second husband she married Gottfried Lessing, a German Jewish Marxist, in order to give him the protection of citizenship. Strange what some people would do save one Jewish life while others turned a blind eye and a deaf ear to the screams of tens of thousands.

1920: “Catherine the Great” a German silent film about the Russian ruler directed and written by Reinhold Schünzel

1921: Birthdate of Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician

1921: Eugen Schiffer completed his service as Minister of Justice in the Weimar Republic

1925: “The Farmer from Texas” a “German silent comedy” directed, produced and written by Joe May with sets designed by Paul Leni was released today in Germany.

1926: In a surprise assault, J. Gordon Whitehead repeatedly punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal. The episode contributed to the death of Houdini on Halloween.

1928: “Four hundred Jewish leaders attend the non-Zionist Conference on Palestine.”

1930: In a case of Jew versus Jew, Abie Bain fought Light Heavyweight Champion Maxis Rosenbloom in Madison Square Garden with the champ winning with a TKO in the 11th round.

1930: Birthdate of Frank Lowy, the European-born Australian-Israeli businessman who is one of the richest people in Australia. He is known for his co-founding and continuing involvement with The Westfield Group, a retail giant that owns dozens of shopping centers in Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Great Britain.

1931: A codicil to the well of Dr. Arthur Schnitzler, the Austrian physician turned playwright who passed away yesterday, was read tonight. The codicil call for a paupers funeral, forbidding “wreaths, obituary announcements and all accessories to the funeral ritual such as a guard of honor,” Schnitzler wanted the money that would have been used for the funeral to be given to various hospitals. The codicil also forbids eulogies and the wearing of mourning clothes.  Finally, he left instructions that a needle be “thrust through his heart to remove any doubt of his death.

1931: “The Virtuous Sinner” a comedy directed by Fritz Kortner, produced by Arnold Pressburger and with music by Nicholas Brodszky was released today in Germany.

1932: “Dinner at Eight,” a play by George S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber “opened at the Music Box Theatre.

1932: Three retired major league baseball players including Moe Berg arrived in Japan as part of a tour to teach baseball at various universities after which Berg “went on to tour Manchuria, Shanghai, Peking, Indochina, Siam, India, Egypt and Berlin.” (This is not to be confused with Berg’s more famous 1934 tour where he reportedly engaged in espionage activities for the U.S. government)

1933: Bernard Bergman, the nursing home mogul, received his rabbinic ordination, Rabbi Moshe Mordechai Epstein today.

1934: Birthdate of Tel Aviv native David Libai, Israeli lawyer and politician.

1936: “The School for Jewish Studies” is scheduled to “hold an open convocation at 9 P.M. in the Community House of Temple Emanu-El” where Dr. Louis I. Newman of Rodeph Sholem will be the principle speaker.

1936: It was reported today that the government “is issuing free railway tickets to bring” “the Jorga-Cuza anti-Semitic groups to the congress” that they are holding in November which 200,000 are expected to attend.

1936: “An anti-Semitic demonstration took place at the University of Prague today in connection with the first lecture by Professor Kelsen, who had previously lectured at universities in Germany but had to leave that country on account of his democratic and pacific convictions.” (Kelsen is Professor Hans Kelsen

1936: Rabbi Israel Goldstein, of the National Conference of Jews and Christians was among the “jurors” who, “following a mock trial of more than three hours” found newspaper publisher William Randolph Hurst guilty of “perverting the news, breed war, breaking strikes, fascism and destroying liberty.”

1937: “Conquest” a “historic film” written by S.N. Behrman, Salka Viertel and Samuel Hoffenstein and filmed by cinematographer Karl Freund was released in the United States by MGM

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Avinoam Yellin, the senior inspector of education and a prominent Jewish leader, was shot and seriously injured by an Arab terrorist lying in wait at the entrance to his office.

1937: Funeral services were held today for Felix Warburg at Temple Emanuel on New York’s Fifth Avenue.

1937: Warm tributes were paid to the memory of Felix Warburg tonight at a dinner given by the Joint Distribution Committee of which he was an honorary chairman.

1939(9th of Chesvan, 5700) Shimon Yehuda Hakohen Shkop passed away

1939: Birthdate of English professional football player George Cohen who was on the 1966 World Cup Team.

1939: The Brooklyn Dodgers, whose roster included Ed Merlin and Leo Disend defeated the Philadelphia Eagles led by Fullback  “Dynamite” Dave Smulker in the first televised professional football game which “was played in Ebbetts Field before 13,000 people” at a time where there were “approximately 1,000 television sets in New York City.”

1940: The Nazis deported 6,300 Jews living in Baden, the Saar and the Palatinate where there had been Jewish  since the 14th century to the Gurs Concentration Camp in southern France which was the first stop on the trip the death camps in Poland.

1940: Jewish business owners in the Netherlands must register their businesses with the occupying Nazis.

1941: Birthdate of Max Apple, author of I Love Gootie: My Grandmother’s Story and The Jew of Home Depot and Other Stories

1941: The Rumanian command headquarters for the ODESSA "ACTION" were blown up. Seventeen Rumanians and four Germans were killed. In reprisal for this apparent act of defiance over 5,000 Jews were rounded up in Odessa and shot dead the next day. Considering what the Nazis did to the Jews of the Soviet Union, it is always amazing to read about the excuses that were concocted for various mass murders.

1942:  The keel was laid for the HMS Totem which would renamed INS Dakar when the Israelis purchased the submarine from the British in 1965.

1942(11th of Cheshvan, 5703): Sixty-nine year old Dr. Sigismund Schulz Goldwater who served as Superintendent of Mount Sinai Hospital and Commissioner of Health in New York City passed away today.

1942(11th of Cheshvan, 5703): Icek and Fraidla Dobrzynska, Jewish parents of two children who had been deported from Poland's Lódz Ghetto in September 1942, commit suicide

1942(11th of Cheshvan, 5703): Jacob Joseph, a captain in the United States Marines Corps who was the great-grandson of Rabbi Jacob Joseph and son of New York State Senator Lazarus Joseph was killed today while fighting on Guadalcanal.

1943(23rd of Tishrei, 5704): Simchat Torah

1943: Birthdate of violinist Paul Zukofsky

1944: The Federation of Jewish Communities officially reestablished its activities today a few days after the liberation of Belgrade, when its surviving chairman, Friedrich Pops, reopened its office. Fifty-six Jewish communities were reconstructed, and the federation, with the aid of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), engaged in a variety of welfare projects, including the reopening of the home for the aged in Zagreb, extending material aid to the needy who began to return to their daily lives, etc. It also reestablished its ties with the World Jewish Congress and other Jewish organizations.

1944: As the Soviets closed in on Budapest, 25,000 Hungarian Jews were deported and forced to dig anti-tank ditches on the Westward roads. Thousands were shot during the marches.

1946: A transport ship is scheduled to leave Haifa today bound for Cyprus loaded with 800 Jews who been taken off  the SS Alma when it tried to run the British blockade designed to keep Jews from settling in Eretz Israel.

1947: Canadian Ethel Stark became the first woman to conduct at Carnegie Hall when she raised her baton in front of “the Montreal Women’s Symphony Orchestra, the first Canadian orchestra to play at the legendary venue.” (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archives)

1947: In describing the tenuous situation in Jerusalem, Zipporah Borowdky, who had just arrived from the United States, wrote her parents that “Jerusalem is thick with barbed wire and barricades…I still haven’t gotten used to the idea of being frisked every time I go into a public building, even the Post Office.

1948: Israeli naval commandos using explosive boats sank the Egyptian flagship Emir Farouk, and damaged an Egyptian minesweeper.

1948(19th of Tishrei, 5706): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1948(19th of Tishrei, 5706): One day after having been mortally wounded during the battle to take Beersheba, 23 year old Avraham Abarzel, an Algerian native who survived the Nazi occupation of France and was serving as a member of the French Commando Company of the Palmach Hagegev’s 9th Battalion passed away after which he was buried at Kibbutz Dorot and later “re-interred at the Nachlat Yitzhak military cemetery.

1948: During the War of Independence, the Third Cease Fire went into effect. 

1948: The Arab Liberation Army did not feel itself bound by the Third Cease Fire and it  “continued to harass Israeli forces and settlements in the north. On the same day that the truce came into effect, the Arab Liberation Army violated the truce by attacking Manara, capturing the strongpoint of Sheikh Abed, repulsing counterattacks by local Israeli units, and ambushed Israeli forces attempting to relieve Manara. The IDF's Carmeli Brigade lost 33 dead and 40 wounded.”

1948: The Arab Liberation Army violated the truce by attacking Manara, capturing the strongpoint of Sheikh Abed, repulsing counterattacks by local Israeli units, and ambushed Israeli forces attempting to relieve Manara. The IDF's Carmeli Brigade lost 33 dead and 40 wounded. Manara and Misgav Am were totally cut off, and Israel's protests at the UN failed to change the situation.  [Editor’s note – the more things change, the more they stay the same.]

1948: Operation Yoav, the goal of which was to secure the Negev, came to a close today.

1948: Birthdate of Peter D. Kramer, the New York born psychiatrist and son of Holocaust survivors whose latest book was Ordinarily Well: The Case for Antidepressants.

1952: The complete “Jewish Torah” was published in English for the first time. A collection of oral and written commentary (dating 200 BC to AD 500) on the first five books of the Old Testament, the Torah comprises the basic religious code of Judaism.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported from London that Eliahu Elath, accompanied by eight senior members of his staff, presented Queen Elizabeth II with his credentials as the first Israeli ambassador to the Court of St. James.

1952: In West Homestead, PA, Dr. Harold Goldblum and Shirley (née Temeles) Goldblum gave birth to multi-talented actor Jeffrey “Jeff” Lynn Goldlbum who appeared in such films as “The Big Chill” and “The Fly.”

1956(17th of Cheshvan, 5717): Seventy-two year old Benjamin Antin, a former New York State Senator and director of the Bronx Young Men’s and Young Women’s Hebrew Association whose survivors included his Robert H. Antin of Cedar Rapids, passed away today.

1956: In a second round of meetings, Israelis led by Ben-Gurion meet with the British and French at Sevres, France, to make plans for coordinating a triple military attack on Egypt.

1959: In Newark, NJ, Claire (née Goldfein) and William Robert Shaiman gave birth to award winning composer and lyricist Marc Shaiman.

1961(12th of Cheshvan, 5722): Eighty-two year old film executive Joseph M. Schenck whose interest in young starlets spanned an era from Norma Talmadge to Marilyn Monroe passed away today.

1965: Protestant theologian Paul Tillich passed away.

1966(8th of Chesvan): Eighty-two year old Michael Noyk, the Lithuanian born solicitor and Irish Republic leader passed away today in London. For more see

1969: Having premiered in Germany, “Marlowe” a detective movie reminiscent of the 1940’s genre featuring music by Peter Matz was released in the United States today.

1973: Security Council Resolution 338 establishing a cease fire ending the Yom Kippur War was officially supposed to go into effect at 7 p.m. However, combat did not cease.  Syrians continued to bombard Israeli positions.  Israeli forces on the west bank ceased a major juncture of highway connecting Suez with Cairo.  In Lebanon, Fatah, the Palestinian terrorist organization announced it would not accept the cease fire and fired rockets into northern Israel.  It would be another 48 hours before the facts on the ground would reflect the desires of those on the banks of New York’s East River.

1973 Israel took full control over all Syrian positions on Mt. Hermon. (JTA)

1973: “A combined force of Egyptian paratroopers and commandos…repulsed a final Israeli effort to capture the city’ Of Ismalia.

1976: “Car Wash” a comedy with a script by Joel Schumacher, the son of Swedish Jew Marian Kantor Schumacher and featuring Irwin Corey and Melanie Mayron was released in the United States today.

1976: After “40 activists demonstrating in the Supreme Soviet, march out to the reception room of the Central Committee with yellow stars on their clothes… they are detained and taken to a drunkards facility, registered and forewarned

1981: Birthdate of American actor Michael Aaron Fishman best known for his portrayal of “D.J. Conner” in the long-running sitcom “Roseanne.”

1982: After having passed away two days earlier in England, Rabbi Leib Gurwicz, the Gateshead Rosh Yehsiva was laid to rest “before the onset of Shabbat” in Israel after “a gathering of more than 15,000 people heard eulogies by leading Israeli rabbis in the Kiryat Mattersdorf neighborhood.”

1983: Admiral Arnold Resnicoff remained in Beirut after yesterday’s memorial service for Sgt. Allen Soifert instead of flying back to Italy because it was Shabbat.

1984: After the Alignment agreed to join a national unity government with Likud in 1984, Sarid left the party today to join Shulamit Aloni's Ratz.”

1984: Abd Rabbo murdered Ron Levy and Revital Seri today when he “came upon the two hiking south of Jerusalem, tied them up at gunpoint, placed bags over their heads and shot them dead.” (As reported by Elhanan Miller)

1986:  Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian born physiologist and Nobel Prize laureate passed away.  He was an anti-fascist who helped his Jewish friends escape from Hungary.

1989(23rd of Tishrei, 5750): Simchat Torah

1989: The funeral of Israeli journalist Dahn Ben-Amotz was held today.

1992: “The Sisters Rosensweig,” a play by Wendy Wasserstein that focuses on three Jewish-American sisters and their lives “premiered off-Broadway in a Lincoln Center Theater production at the Mitzi Newhouse Theater.”

1993: U.S premiere of “Twenty Bucks” with a script by Leslie and Endre Bohem, co-starring David Schwimmer and photographed by Emmanuel Lubezki.

1999: Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy French government during World War II was jailed for crime against humanity. Papon was a senior police official and instrumental in the deportation and murder of large numbers of French Jews.  He covered up his crimes for several decades but eventually he was brought to justice.

1999: U.S. premiere of “One Day in September” an Academy Award winning documentary about the murder of the Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics.

2000(23rd of Tishrei, 5761): Simchat Torah

2000: The New York Times featured reviews of two books by Jewish authors: The Fortune Tellers: Inside Wall Street's Game of Money, Media, and Manipulation by Howard Kurtz and Paris to the Moon by Adam Gopnik

2001: Ariel Sharon’s son Gilad “was able to get a loan at relatively high rate from the Bank Leumi” to cover part of the 1.5 million NIS that his father had had to return to donors.

2002: The Anaheim Angels defeated the Giants in the third game of the World Series. Scott Schoeneweis, whose mother was Jewish, pitched the final two innings of a 10-4 Angel victory -- he allowed no runs, struck out two, and gave up only one hit.  The Angels went on to win the series in seven games

2002: Domazlice -- An old Jewish cemetery was desecrated in a southwestern Czech town. Five tombstones were toppled at the cemetery in Domazlice, 94 miles southwest of Prague, and five copper lanterns stolen. Copper plaques with Hebrew inscriptions were removed from two tombstones.

2002: At least 14 Israelis were killed and more than 45 injured when an explosives-laden sport utility vehicle driven by a Palestinian suicide bomber rammed a bus near Hadera in northern Israel. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

2005: The World Series in which the Houston Astros whose roster included Brad Ausmus began today.

2005:  What do you do with the Etrog after Sukkoth?  According to the Jerusalem Post, Uzi Eli the "etrog medicine man" has created a variety of etrog-based juices, tonics, pastes, and creams that are more than just medicine; they are a way of life. There is evidence that in the Middle Ages the etrog, or as it is called in English, citron, was used as a remedy for seasickness, pulmonary troubles, intestinal ailments and other disorders, according to Fruits in Warm Climates by J. Morton. Jews are not the only ones who believe the curative value of the etrog. In India, the peel is eaten to cure dysentery and halitosis, while the distilled juice is given as a sedative. In China, the peel is made into a tonic and used as a stimulant and expectorant. In West Tropical Africa, the etrog is used only as a medicine, most often against rheumatism. In Panama, etrogim are ground up and combined with other ingredients and given as an antidote for poison.

2006: The Chicago Tribune book section featured reviews of two books about I.F. Stone: All Governments: The life and Times of Rebel Journalist I.F. Stone by Myra MacPherson and The Best of I.F. Stone edited by Karl Weber

2006: University of Chicago Professor, Norman Gelb’s long-discredited theory on the Dead Scrolls has gained new support based on recent archeological digs at Qumran.  Rather than being a monastery used by the Essenes, Qumran may have been a fortress and then a pottery factory.  According to Gelb, the caves were a repository of literature brought from Jerusalem at the time of destruction of the Second Temple, placed in clay containers purchased at the pottery factory and then hidden from the Romans in the local caves.  This would mean that the Dead Scrolls are not the unitary work of one sect but a collection of literature from a variety of authors.

2006: At Audubon Zoo in New Orleans, Rabbis James Ponet is scheduled to officiate at the wedding Adam Louis Berenzweig and Anya Miriam Kamenetz, the daughter LSU English Professor Moira L. Crone and LSU English Professor Rodger L. Kamenetz who “is also the founder of the Jewish studies program” and he author of The Jew in the Lotus, Stalking Elijah, The Lowercase Jew and The Missing Jew: New and Selected Poems.

2006: The Chicago Tribune reported on Dina Babbit’s attempt to reclaim artwork she had created while an inmate at Auschwitz.  As a teenager Babbit’s life was spared because she was able to draw pictures for Dr. Josef Mengele.  Babbit has been trying to claim the paintings since 1973 when she first found out that they had survived the war.  A museum at Auschwitz has the paintings and despite repeated requests from a variety of sources claims that the only one who could make a claim for them would be Mengele since the work was done for him.  Babbit wants the art works as a way to bring some sort of closure to the evil experience she endured with her mother.

2006: Siraly (Seagull in English) the newest nightspot in Budapest opened its doors on Kiraly Street in the heart of what used to the city’s Jewish ghetto.  The three level bar hosted a Hebrew rapper in the theater space, paintings by a young Hungarian Jew and, on the front door, a mezuzah with a playful cartoon of a little girl.  The opening is a climactic event in the Jewish gentrification on this formerly Jewish section that was laid waste by the Nazis and smothered by the Communists.

2006: The New York Times features reviews of the following books by Jewish authors and/or that featured Jewish topics including Blood Brothers: Among the Soldiers of Ward 57 by Michael Weisskopf and two books by Lemony Snicket, The End: A Series of Unfortunate Events: Book the 13th and The Beatrice Letters. Lemony Snicket is the pen name of author Daniel Handler, Jewish 33-year-old native of San Francisco

2007: At the Englert Theater in Iowa City, IA, Ambassador Samuel Lewis, one of Washington's most experienced and respected Old Middle East Hands facilitates a presentation that is part of  "US and the World," the ongoing series, which focuses on US policy in the Middle East, past, present and, so far as possible, future. Ambassador Lewis, served 31 years as a career diplomat, including eight years as US ambassador to Israel during the Carter and Reagan Administrations, i.e., the period that included the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty and the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.  On retirement from the Foreign Service, he served as founding president and CEO of the US Institute of Peace.

2007:  Zigota, a tiny fringe studio/movement theater ensemble presents its new show “The Passerby” at the intimate Tmumna Theatre in south Tel Aviv.

2007: The New York Times and the Washington Post each featured a review of Fair Game: My Life as a Spy, My Betrayal by the White House by Valerie Plame Wilson. Like Madeline Albright, Plame did not find out that she was “part Jewish” until she reached adulthood. At least one great grandfather was a rabbi.  Her husband, Joe Wilson, who was part of the “leak scandal”, has two Jewish children from his first marriage.

2007: The New Republic magazine featured a review of Fateful Choies;Ten Decisions That Changed The World, 1940-1941 by Ian Kershaw.  Kershaw views the Holocuast as one of these ten decisions.  “Kershaw argues that the Nazi program for the ‘Final Solution of the Jewish Question,’ adopted in the summer and autumn of 1941, was for Hitler a strategic decision.  In his view the war could never be won unless the Jews were destroyed.”

2008: Simchat Torah, 5769 (The Holiday Season ends)

2008: Award-winning Israeli author Etgar Keret reads from his writing as part of the Raymond Carver Reading series at Syracuse University.

2008: The New Republic includes reviews of Indignation by Philip Roth and Khibet Khizeh by S. Yizhar; translated by Nicholas de Lange.

2009(4th of Cheshvan, 5770): “Soupy Sales, whose zany television routines turned the smashing of a pie to the face into a madcap art form, died today at the age of 83”. (As reported by Richard Goldstein)

2009: The annual Presidents’ Conference comes to a close in Jerusalem.

2009: In “Examining a Man Who Was (of Wasn’t?) a Holocaust Hero” Stephen Holden reviewed Gaylen Ross’s documentary about the controversial Hungarian entitled “Killing Kasztner: The Jew Who Dealt With Nazis.”

2009: Sportswriter and author John Feinstein reads from and discusses Change-up: Mystery at the World Series, his new book for young readers (ages 9-12), at Aladdin's Lamp Children's in Arlington, Va.

2009: At the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival a program entitled “Past Imperfect: New Jewish Fiction” provides an opportunity to meet three of the newest authors of Jewish fiction: Binnie Kirshenbaum (The Scenic Route), Jonathon Keats (The Book of the Unknown: Tales of the Thirty-Six) and Norah Labiner (German for Travelers: A Novel in 95 Lessons).

2010: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present a program entitled “Lenin's Jewish Question” in which Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern an Associate Professor of Jewish History at Northwestern University and author of Lenin's Jewish Question is scheduled to his discoveries about Lenin’s maternal Jewish great-grandfather named Moshko Blank, “Blank's conversion to Christianity, and related questions, such as why Soviet communists sought to suppress any discussion of Lenin's Jewishness, why Russian racists attempted to portray Lenin as a Jew, and why Lenin approached the Jewish question as he did.”

2010: The Jewish People Policy's annual conference held its closing session in Jerusalem today

2011: Jews begin the cycle again with the reading on Bereshit.

2011: The 21st Holocaust Remembrance Concert, featuring the Brooklyn Philharmonic, is scheduled to take place in New York City.

2011: Firefighters battled flames at the Gilon junction and the Ahihud Forest this afternoon, after extinguishing two blazes that had broken out earlier that day and one on Friday. More than 20 fire-related incidents have broken out over the weekend despite the absence of strong winds or burning sunlight, leading the police to suspect arson, Army Radio reported. According to Amir Levi, a Firefighting Service commander, “There is a suspicion of arson in some of the fires that broke out yesterday and today in the Galilee.” Ten firefighting crews and all water-dropping planes available were summoned to the Gilon junction to put out the fire, while one crew was sent to the Ahihud Forest.

2011: Israel gave Egypt a list of 81 Egyptian prisoners held in Israel to be released in exchange for Ilan Grapel, according to Egyptian newspaper Al-Youm Al-Sabeh, Army Radio reported early this morning.

2012: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to present “a play reading” of My Name is Asher Lev.

2012: The American Jewish Historical Society ans Yeshiva University Museum are scheduled to present “Jews as Art Dealers and Collectors,” a panel discussion that will examine Jewish “prominence as collectors and dealers supporting their claim to membership in European high culture and making them the principal targets of Nazi dispossession 

2012: More than 2,500 people signed up to participate in a global Shema flash mob as part of a campaign to promote religious pluralism in Israel.  The gatherings early this afternoon came two days after Conservative Jewish congregations were asked to dedicate a recitation of the Shema to the topic as well.

2012: The Israeli air force hit a rocket launching squad in the northern Gaza Strip today, reportedly killing three. The airstrike came in response to rocket fire on southern Israel from Gaza and a mortar attack on an IDF patrol, military sources said.

2013: Mayor Nir Barkat defeated Moshe Lion in today’s mayoral election in Jerusalem.(As reported by Yoel Goldman)

2013: Rihanna is schedule to be giving a public concert in the Tel Avi’s Park Hayarkon as the ballots from the city’s election are being counted (As reported by Renee Ghert-Zand)


2013: The JCCNV is scheduled to present “My Name Is Asher,” a play reading by Aaron Posner adapted from the novel of that name by Chaim Potok.

2013: The Israel Action Center at the JCRC is scheduled to present “Iran: The Nuclear Threat and Implications for the Greater Middle East.”

2013: The Center for Jewish History” is scheduled to present “The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia – 1350 to the Present Day.”

2013: “An earthquake measuring 3.3 on the Richter scale took place today in northern Israel, according to the Israel Geophysical Institute. It is the fifth quake in the Galilee in less than a week. The quake was centered at a depth of two kilometers, beneath the Sea of Galilee (Kinneret).” (As reported by Gil Ronen)

2013: Mohamed Aazi, 28, and who helped plan the bus bombing in Tel Aviv last November in which 29 people were injured was killed in a clash this morning with Israeli Special Forces.

2014: The American Sephardi Federation and Congregation Shearith Israel is scheduled to present Mimouna’s Moroccan Jewish Caravan: “Preserving the Past, Connecting in the Present & Building the Future.”

2014: Hilma Wolitzer, author of An Available Man: A Novel, and her daughter Meg, author of the literary sensation The Interestings and the new young adult novel Belzhar are scheduled to discuss their writing and the family influences that have shaped their work at the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival.

2014: A resident of Gaza was arrested on Wednesday morning by security forces after having illegally infiltrated into Israeli territory. (As reported by Ari Yashar)

2014: “The world-leading Israeli defense company Elbit Systems announced today that it has been awarded contracts from an unnamed Asian country for roughly $85 million, as Israel's Asian ties continue to blossom.” (As reported by Ari Yashar)

2014: “A baby girl was killed and eight people were injured today, after a terrorist hit them with his car outside the Givat Hatachmoshet (Ammunition Hill) Light Rail stop.” (As reported by Tova Dronin)

2014: “NBC freelance cameraman Ashoka Mukpo, who contracted Ebola while working in West Africa, is free of the virus and will leave the Nebraska Medical Center today.” (As reported by Daily Forward)

2015: In Iowa City, the University Iowa Office Of Research & Economic Development is scheduled to host a lecture by Israeli author Etgar Keret, author of The Seven Good Years

2015: Leslie Epstein, an American novelist who grew up surrounded by some of the luminaries of Hollywood's Golden Age, speaks about his experience as the son and nephew of the writers of Casablanca and dozens of other classic films is scheduled to lecture on Behind the Scenes: Growing Up Jewish In Hollywood sponsored by the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center.

2015: Richard Baranick and three of the surviving “Monuments Men” – “Harry Ettlinger, Motoko Furjishiro Huthwaite and Bernard Taper – were honored today with the Congressional Gold Medal.”

2015: In Los Angeles, celebrities including Israeli movie star Odeya Rush, actress Karla Souza, actor Michael Richards and comedian Jerry Seinfeld attended the third annual Red Star Ball sponsored by The American Friends of Magen David Adom

2015(9th of Cheshvan, 5776): Seventy-eight year old Tony and Emmy award nominated author Jerome Kass, the husband of Delia Ephron passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

2015: Former BBC investigative journalist and television producer Dina Gold is scheduled to recount her successful legal battle to reclaim a building originally owned by her German ancestors and seized by the Reichsbahn, Hitler's railways, in 1937 in a lecture co-sponsored by the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival entitled “Stolen Legacy: Nazi Theft and the Quest for Justice at Krausentrasse 17/18 Berlin.”  

2016(20th of Tishrei, 5777):  Shabbat Chol Hamoe’ed

2016: “Night” an exhibition of work by Israeli Michal Rovner is scheduled to come to close at the Pace Gallery.

2016: The Cornelia Street Café is scheduled to host a performance by Israeli-born jazz guitarist Gilad Hekselman

2016: In NYC, the Beer Garden is scheduled to host Sukktoberfest! Completed with “ice cold harvest beer, glatt kosher bratwurst, a band and a Sukkah.”



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