Saturday, October 1, 2016

This Day, October 2, in Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin


October 2

825 BCE (22nd of Tishrei, 2936): According to traditionKing Solomon bid farewell to the Jewish people who had come to Jerusalem for a 14-day ceremony dedicating the Holy Temple (1-Kings 8:66). King David had brought the Ark of the Covenant up to Jerusalem's Mount Moriah, but as a warrior he was not permitted by God to erect the Temple. However, his son Solomon did so. The Temple was the most important site in Israel -- a spiritual magnet for the Jewish nation's yearnings. The magnificent structure took seven years to build, and stood for 410 years

322 BCE: The Greek philosopher Aristotle dies of indigestion.  (Is this what you get for eating traif?) Several Jewish philosophers and theologians would be influenced or be-deviled by Aristotelianism, not the least of whom would be Judah ha-Levi and Maimonides

1187: Sultan Saladin captured Jerusalem from the Crusaders.  While the Crusaders had held Jerusalem, they had barred Jews from living in the city.  Saladin allowed them to return.  Saladin’s physician was none other than Maimonides.

1264: The papacy of Urban IV who had written “Bela, the Hungarian King who was using Jews as agents” “reproaching him for giving opportunities to the people whose own sin had condemned them to eternal servitude, to exercise official authority over Christians” ended today.

1535: French explorer Jacques Cartier discovers Montreal, Quebec. The French did not allow Jews to settle in Canada.  Jews were only able to settle in Montreal until after the British defeated the French in the 18th century.  In 1768, 12 families arrive in Montreal from New York marking the start of one of the most vibrant Jewish communities in North America.

1596(10th of Tishrei, 5357): Yom Kippur

1596: For the first time in the history of Amsterdam, sixteen “met together for worship” at the house of Don Samuel Palache, ambassador of the emperor of Morocco to the Netherlands.”

1656: Yom Kippur services were held for the first time in Amsterdam. Neighbors thinking they were secret Catholics reported them to the authorities and the leaders were arrested. Once it was explained that they were secret Jews rather than Papists, they were let alone and the leaders released.  The oldest synagogue in Amsterdam (possibly all of Western Europe) is “The Great Synagogue” built in 1671.  According to historians, it was built so that Jews would not have to worship in clandestine places.

1682: “John George III of Saxony issued a new decree, in which the onerous regulations relating to Jews passing through the country were somewhat modified, since those regulations were found to be detrimental to the yearly fairs at Leipsic.”

1724(Tishrei, 5485): Solomon Sasportas, son of Isaac Sasportas and grandson of Jacob Sasportas who had served as the Rabbi at Nice, France since 1690 passed away today.

1734: Based on the date on the document, Isaac Ranks, the brother of Aaron Franks, wrote the final version of his will today.

1755: In Medfield, MA, Thomas Adams and Elizabeth Clark gave birth to Hannah Adams, “the first woman in the United States who” was a professional write and whose works included a History of the Jews: From the Destruction of Jerusalem published in 1812 making it one of the earliest books written in the United States on this subject.

1774: Birthdate of Louis-Gabriel-Ambrose Bonald the opponent of the French Revolution whose anti-Semitism ran so deep that they only way Jews could become morally fit was for them to convert to Catholicism.

1777(1st of Tishrei, 5538): Rosh Hashanah

1780(3rd of Tishrei, 5541):Tzom Gedaliah

1780: Colonel David Salisbury Franks, the aid-de-camp to General Benedict Arnold was arrested on suspicion of treason following the exposure of the Arnold’s plot to betray the Americans and turn West Point over to the British. Franks was the son of Jacob Franks, a prominent Jewish Philadelphia (PA) family.  [You have to wonder if Colonel Franks was fasting on the day of his arrest.]

1783 (or 1784): In London, Jacob Israel Bernal and Leah da Silva gave birth to Ralph Bernal, who began as an actor, moved to Parliament and end up as president of the British Archaeological Society.  Along the way he converted (the price of success?)

1786(10th of Tishrei, 5547): Yom Kippur

1791(4th of Tishrei, 5552): Tzom Gedaliah

1789: George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification. The First Amendment had particular for the small America Jewish community and has loomed large for the growth of the modern Jewish community.  The Amendment opens with the following declaration “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;” In other words, the government would not establish a state religion and at the same time, the citizens were free to practice whatever religion they individually chose.  This simple clause, one part of a single sentence, is the legal underpinning for the reality that has made the American Jewish community different than all of its predecessors.

1798: Birthdate King Charles Albert of Piedmont-Sardinia who promulgated the Codice Albertino “which made Piedmont the first Italian state to grant its Jewish citizens equal rights and allow them to enter the military.”

1813: Birthdate of Rabbi Ephraim Israel Blucher, the native of Moravia who was “the author of Healing of the Aramaic Tongue, a Hebrew grammar and whose German translation of the Book of Ruth was published at Lemberg in 1843.

1817(22nd of Tishrei, 5578) Shimini Atzeret

1826(1st of Tishrei, 5587): Rosh Hashanah

1831: Birthdate of botanist Julius von Sachs, the native of Breslau, who held the chair of botany at the University of Wurzburg from 1868 until his death in 1897.

1835(9th of Tishrei, 5596): Erev Yom Kippur

1835: The Texas Revolution begins with the Battle of Gonzales. Jews were active participants in the Texas fight for freedom including Dr. Albert Levy became a surgeon to revolutionary Texan forces in 1835.

1835: Cécile Furtado, the daughter of Elias Furtado whose father had been a rabbi in Bayonne married banker Charles Heine, the son of Salomon Heine and the cousin of poet Heinrich Heine

1838: MP Frederick D. Goldsmid and his wife gave birth to Sir Julian Goldsmid.

1845(1st of Tishrei, 5605): Rosh Hashanah

1845: “Charles VI,” an opera composed by Fromental Halevy was performed for the first time in French at Brussels.

1846: Birthdate of German statistician Gottlieb Schnapper-Arndt.

1847: In Posen, Prussian aristocrat Robert von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg and his wife Luise Schwickart gave birth to Paul von Hindenburg

1853: Austria adopted laws forbidding Jews from owning land

1854(10th of Tishrei, 5615): Yom Kippur

1856: It was reported today that “The Hebrew New Year’s Festival ended yesterday and the shops and stores of Jews re-opened today. The ‘Reformed Jews’ do not carefully observe the occasion.”

1858: A funeral notice is published today inviting the members of the Hebrew Mutual Benefit Society to attend the funeral of Mrs. Raphall the wife of Rabbi Morris Raphall which will be held tomorrow at her residence.

1862: The Board of Alderman in NYC referred to the Committee on Sewers a petition on behalf of the Hebrew Benevolent Society to build a drain on 77th street between 4th and 5th Avenue.

1864:  "Prussia and Her Poles" published today described the trial of several Polish gentlemen from the Grand Duchy of Posen who have been charged with treason betrayed a strange admission about Germany's treatment of her Jews over the centuries.  Dr. Gueist, the defense attorney demanded of the court, "Where are the facts?"  And if there are no facts, then are these men being prosecuted for their thoughts and sentiments -- a mode of proceeding which would carry us back to the trials of the Jews in the dark ages." How strange to hear a German lawyer admit that the Jews had in fact been convicted of crimes when they were guilty of nothing else but being Jewish.

1866(23rd of Tishrei, 5627): Simchat Torah

1867(3rd of Tishrei, 5628): Tzom Gedaliah

1870: In Opava, Moravia, Charlotte and Samuel D. Klauber gave birth to Ing. Edmund Kaluber.

1870: As part of the climax to the Risorgimento or Rebirth, the name given to the unification of Italy, the Italian government annexed Rome and the Papal States. Rome was made the Italian capital.  Jews were active in the fight for the reunification of Italy.  Mazzini, Garibaldi and Cavour, the leaders of the movement believed in liberty for all Italians including their Jewish compatriots.

1870: “The oldest reform temple in Kansas City, MO, Congregation B’nai Jehuda was organized today by 25 Jewish pioneer residents who utilized acreage in Elmwood Cemetery for services until the first permanent sanctuary at 6th and Wyandotte was dedicated in 1875.”

1870: “A deputation, of which Samuel Alatri (the leader of the Jewish community in Rome) was a member, handed over to King Victor Emmanuel the result of the plebiscite by which the inhabitants of the Papal Territories declared in favor of annexation to the Kingdom of Italy.

1871: In Grand Rapids, Michigan, founding of Temple Emanuel which would employ Gustav N. Hausmann as its Rabbi.

1871:  Birthdate of Cordell Hull.  Among his other accomplishments, Hull was Secretary of State during World War II and winner of the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize.  Hull was not Jewish, but his wife Frances was described as being “half-Jewish.”  During the 1930’s when Hull entertained thoughts of following FDR to the White House, Hull’s opponents attacked him as a slave to Jewish interests.  Other critics contended that he was not as aggressive as he might have been in opening the gates of the U.S. to Jewish refugees because he feared attacks that he was a pawn of Jewish interests; that these Jewish interests had gotten us into the war; and that these charges would impair FDR’s plans to win the war.  Henry Morgenthau, who was Secretary of the Treasury at this time, was working to save the Jews of Europe.  At a meeting in 1943, he became so exasperated with Hull’s lack of action that he told him that if this were Germany, Hull would not be in the Cabinet Room.  Instead he would be in prison and who knew where his wife would be.  Hull remained unmoved.  The State Department, led by Breckinridge Long continued its policy of polite anti-Semitism and untold numbers of Jews perished who might have otherwise been saved.

1872(29th of Elul, 5632): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1872: In Amsterdam, Karel Abraham Wertheim and Henriette van Heukelom gave birth to Henri Hendrik Pieter Wertheim van Heukelom

1872: Birthdate of Jacques Abady, the son of a stockbroker from Aleppo, who began his career as a gas engineer before being called to the bar.

1872: An article published today entitled “Rosh Hashono” reported that “this evening the Hebrews throughout the globe will commence the celebration of their New Year festival.  With..the solitary exception of the Day of Atonement…the New Year is more strictly observed than any other of the periods set apart for religious observances in the Jewish calendar.”

1874(21st of Tishrei, 5635): Hoshanah Rabbah

1874: In Poland, Jacobi Bornstein, the son of Aron and Sara Bornstein and Thelka Bornstein gave birth to Rosa Wittenberg.

1875: It was reported today that the cattle sale was off at the end of this with only a few carloads of Texas Cattle having been sold.  The reason for this drop off in business was the absence of the “Hebrew butchers” from the market due to the observance of “a high Jewish festival.”

1875(3rd of Tishrei, 5636): Shabbat Shuvah

1877(25th of Tishrei, 5638): Forty year old Lyon Levy Emanuel, the native of Philadelphia and brother of Louis Manly Emanuel, who served with the Eighty-Second Regiment during the Civil War after which he pursued a business career in New York City, passed away today.

1879(15th of Tishrei, 5640): Sukkoth

1881: “Current Foreign Notes” published today includes a synopsis of a circular from Russia’s Minister of the Interior in which  he says “The Government recognizes the detriment to the Christian population of the commercial activity, exclusiveness and religious fanaticism of the Jews, which are still predominate in spite of the 20 years’ efforts to blend the population.”  He goes on to say that recent violence is because “of the monopolization of trade…by the Jews”  and that “energetic measures must be taken to shield Christians from the effects of” the Jews’  “injurious activity.”  (Anti-Semitism and the big lie existed decades before Goebbels)

1881: “The Jews in Germany” published today, described “the extent and progress of the new anti-
Semitic movement” and the motives of the men behind it.  They claim they are worried about “Jewish tyranny” and “Jewish domination” as if the land led by Bismarck and possession “the most powerful military machine” could be taken over by “a handful of ‘the outcast people.’”

1882(19th of Tishrei, 5643): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1882(19th of Tishrei, 5643): French philanthropist Charles Netter passed away at Jaffa. Born at Strasburg in 1828, he” studied at Strasburg and Belfort, and then engaged in business in Paris. He was one of the founders of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, and for a long time his house was its only home. The work with which his name is most closely connected is the foundation of the agricultural school at Jaffa; and he devoted several years of his life to promoting agriculture among the Jews of Palestine. It was Netter who, at the end of 1876, submitted to the conference at Constantinople the memorandum in favor of the Jews of the East, prepared by the meeting convened about that time by the Alliance Israélite at Paris. In 1878 he went to Berlin, with some other members of the central committee, to lay before the congress the memoir of the Alliance in favor of the same Jews and to support their claims, which had been formally recognized by the Treaty of Berlin. With two other members of the committee he went to Madrid in 1880 to maintain before a European conference the right of the Jews of Morocco to protection.In 1881, when the disturbances in Russia drove thousands of unfortunate Jews from Brody and the Alliance was desirous of sending them assistance, Netter volunteered to discharge the difficult mission. He was the first to arrive there, and lived for weeks among the unhappy refugees, arranging a plan of emigration to America. On his return to Paris he was appointed secretary of the special committee established in that city for the Russian work. From morning till night his house was besieged by the Russian refugees, who found in him an untiring protector. When death overtook him he was visiting the agricultural school at Jaffa. A monument has been erected over his grave by the Alliance Israélite Universelle (As reported by Isidor Singer and Jaques Kahn

1883(1st of Tishrei, 5644): Rosh Hashanah

1883: In New York “the synagogues…were crowded during the day and evening and in many cases services were held in improvised houses of worship for the overflow from the congregations.”

1883: Rosh Hashanah “was observed by nearly all” of the Jewish “members of the New York Stock Exchange” and the market performed with “depressing dullness” due to their absence.

1883: Rabbi Isaac Noot will deliver the Rosh Hashanah sermon at B’Nai Israel in New York City.

1883: Dr. Kaufman Koehler will deliver the Rosh Hashanah sermon, in German, at Temple Beth-El in New York City.

1885(23rd of Tishrei, 5646): Simchat Torah

1885: “In Memory of Montefiore” published today included  the views or Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler who felt that it ‘was quite unnecessary” to erect a memorial to the great philanthropist and that it would be more appropriate to donate the money that would be used for such an effort to Montefiore Home for Aged Hebrews in New York. Kohler believed that the works of Moses Montefiore, like those of his biblical namesake, spoke for themselves and were his true memorial.  (Ask your friends and your children who Sir Moses Montefiore was and see if Kohler was right)

1886: Having left her home in secret, Clara Prager, the eldest daughter of Jewish businessman Julius Praeger sent a telegram to her family that she had married Horace J. Young, whom she would later have arrested on charges of abandonment after he allegedly deserted her when she became pregnant.

1887: The “New Books” column published today contains a detailed review of Job and Solomon: The Wisdom of the Old Testament by T. K. Cheyne who has already produced the two volume work The Prophecies of Isaiah and is working on volumes covering the Song of Songs, the Lamentations of Jeremiah and the Psalms of David. (Cheyne was an English Protestant minister who became a Bahia)

1890: In New York City, the former Miene “Minnie” Schoenberg and Simon “Sam” Marx gave birth to Julius Marx, who gained fame as comedian Groucho Marx, the most famous of the Marx Brothers, who enjoyed success in vaudeville, movies, radio and television.  For millions of baby boomers, their first encounter with the famous Marx leer, cigar and wit including rapid fire double entendre came from watching his television show, “You Bet Your Life.”

1890: “A Sanitarium Burned’ published today described the financial impact of the fire at Hebrew Sanitarium where there is $5,000 in insurance to cover the losses valued at $11,000.

1891(29th of Elul, 5651): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1891(29th of Elul, 5651): Charles Bruckner the first husband of Jennie Wallenstein passed away today following which he was buried in Beth El Cemetery in Ridgewood, Queen County, NY.

1891: “Seligman Honored” published today provided a list of those responsible for the banquet given last night in honor of Jesse Seligman which included a veritable “who’s who of New York Jewry” among whom were Jacob H. Schiff, Lewis May, Emanuel Lehman, Myer L Isaacs, Oscar S. Straus, Hyman Blum, Henry Rice, Charles L. Bernheim and James. H. Hoffman.

1891: After taking a child staying at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum suffering from diphtheria to the Willard Parker Hospital yesterday, Dr. Cyrus Edson “that there need be no apprehension for the other inmates.”

1892: Sixty nine year old French scholar, author and expert on ancient Middle East languages, Joseph Ernest Renan, passed away today. Nine years before his death he began work on the five volume work History of Israel the first volume of which published in 1887 and the final volume of which was published after his death.In “his 1883 essay ‘Le Judaïsme comme race et religion’ he disputed the concept that Jewish people constitute a unified racial entity in a biological sense, which made his views unpalatable within racialized Antisemitism. Renan was also known for being a strong critic of German ethnic nationalism, with its anti-Semitic undertones.”

1892: The fire in New Jersey that threatens the agricultural colony established by the Jewish immigrants near May’s Landing continues to burn for a second day.

1893: “Hard Words for Samuel Gompers, et al” published today quoted Abraham Cahan criticizing “many of the present leaders of the working men” such as “Samuel Gompers, Joseph Barondess and Henry Weismann” as simple “intriguers” who “purposely keep the workingmen in ignorance of what is good for them.”  (Editor’s Note – this is a case of Jew versus Jews)

1894(2nd of Tishrei, 5655): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1894: On the same day that Connecticut is holding “town elections” “politicians of both parties are looking at a circular claiming that when David Callahan, a candidate for State Senator from the New Haven District, was serving as Judge of the Police Courts he dismissed a case brought by an Israelite against an Irishman because “the Judge was influenced by race prejudices” or as the pamphlet said, “It is therefore to be understood that a descendant of the House of Israel can be persecuted with impunity, unless the poor Jew can explain to the satisfaction of an Irish Catholic Judge the reason why an Irish Catholic hoodlum, backed by his crowd, should assault a poor inoffensive Israelite.”

1894: “In the Real Estate Field” published today attributed yesterday’s lack of sales at auction and general lack of real estate transactions in New York to the fact that it “was a Hebrew holiday.” (Rosh Hashanah)

1898: An informal meeting of the members of the Hebrew Infant Asylum of the City of New York which is preparing to dedicate a new home at 161st Street and Eagle Avenue is scheduled to take place today.

1896: “Accused of Stealing a Horse” published today provided a description of charges that Samuel Burnstein, a Jewish dry goods peddler has brought the sons of Cortland D. Morse and Robert C. Livingston for stealing and abusing his horse.

1898: Rabbi Gustav Gottheil of Temple Emanu-El in Manhattan conducted the services today during which Leon M. Nelson was installed as the rabbi at Temple Israel in Brooklyn, NY.

1898: The public got its first look at “the new home of the Hebrew Infant Asylum of the City of New York” which is located at the old De Graff mansion at 161st Street and Eagle Avenue.

1898: In Detroit, Michigan, “a large gathering of citizens who are friends of Rabbi Louis Grossman was held this afternoon to testify to the high character and progressive citizenship of the rabbi who has been called by Congregation B’nai Yeshurun in Cincinnati where he will be associated with Rabbi Isaac M. Wise.”

1898: In Chicago, Illinois, during the Spanish-American War, members of Anshe Knesset Israel gathered to pray for victory for the forces under the command of Admiral Dewey.

1900(9th of Tishrei, 5661): Erev Yom Kippur

1900(9th of Tishrei, 5661): Forty-seven year old German sculptor Hugo Rheinhold creator of Ape With Skull passed away today.

1900: Birthdate of Arturo Rosenblueth Stearns “a Mexican researcher, physician and physiologist, who is known as one of the pioneers of cybernetics.”

1900: Birthdate of Nicolai Poliakoff, the native of Dvinsk who gained fame as Coco the Clown.

1902(1st of Tishrei, 5663): Rosh Hashanah

1903: Dorothy Levitt won her class (cars costing between £400 and £550) at the Southport Speed Trials driving S.F.Edge's 12 (or 16) hp Gladiator.

1904(23rd of Tishrei, 5665): Simchat Torah

1906(13th of Tishrei, 5667): After having led the court of Sadigur for 24 years, Reb Yisrael, the youngest son of Reb Yitzchak, passed away.

1908 (7th of Tishrei, 5669): In Houston Texas Adath Yshurun Friday night services began at 7 p.m. with a sermon entitled “Ourselves.”

1911(10th of Tishrei, 5672): Yom Kippur

1912: Jacob Feuerwerker and Regina Neufeld gave birth to David Feuerwerker, the Swiss born Canadian Rabbi and Historian.  He was the husband of Antoinette Feuerwerker, a French jurist and member of the resistance during World War II.

1913(1st of Tishrei, 5674): Final observance of Rosh Hashanah before the madness of World War I and all the evil that has followed in its wake over the last one hundred years.

1913: Birthdate of Chaim Yosef Zadok, the native of Galicia who made Aliyah in 1935.  He pursued a career in government and jurisprudence that included service in the Knesset and government ministries including Religious Affairs and Justice.

1913: Elias Jankel Hellerman passed away today after which he was buried in the Liepaja Jewish Cemetery.

1914: “Refugees Crowd Vienna” published today described the flow of Jewish fugitives from Galicia which is overwhelming the resources of the Austrian capital and has been diverted to “various places in Moravia, Upper Austria and Salzburg.”

1914: Sixty-two year old Rabbi Daniel Lowenthal a native of Horfstenin who came to the United States in 1874 where he served as the Rabbi for B’nai Salem and then Etz Chaim passed away today.

1917: Just twelve days before his 21st birthday, William Shemin, who would win the Medal of Honor, enlisted in the U.S. Army.

1917: British Intelligence learned of a meeting in Berlin at which plans were made by the Germans and Turks to offer the Jews of Europe a German-sponsored Jewish National Home in Palestine.  (This stimulated the British to finalize what became known as the Balfour Declaration.)

1918: General Allenby leaves his headquarters at Tiberias and drives to Damascus to install the Emir Feisal as head of the local government.  Only later would the Arab leader learn that Syria was to be under French control and that his dreams of ruling the Arabs from this ancient city were merely that – dreams.  It was the mischief making by the British and French that destabilized the entire region, not the promise of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

1919: US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed. Wilson suffered the stroke during a cross country speaking tour that was intended generate support for the ratification of the Versailles Treaty which included the creation of the League of Nations.  With Wilson out of the picture, the forces favoring ratification lost their champion.  The United States rejected the treaty and chose note to join the League.  There is a large body of opinion that the America’s failure to join the League doomed the organization even before it had its first meeting and this was one of the causes of World War II, the greatest catastrophe in Jewish history since the destruction of the Second Temple.

1921(29th of Elul, 5681): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1921: The newest Jewish house of worship in Camden, NJ, Beth-El Synagogue, “was formally opened” tonight with services marking the start of Rosh Hashanah led by Rabbi Solomon Grayzel.

1921: “Our nation was conceived in simplicity and frugality, and nurtured in godliness and righteousness, and by those alone can it be preserved." Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, first head of “the National Farm School.”

1922(10th of Tishrei, 5683): Yom Kippur

1922: It was reported today that Samuel S. Koenig, Chairman of the New York County Republican Committee opposed an attempt by some of his fellow party members to propose a slate of Republican nominees to serve as Justices on the State Supreme Court. He claimed that it was party policy to endorse justices who had served well in the position regardless of their party affiliation.  Koenig’s view carried the day.  Koenig was a Hungarian-born Jew who rose to a position of power in the New York State Republican Party.

1922: It was reported today that Justice Irving Lehman, a Democrat, who has successfully served one full term on the bench is one of three judicial candidates endorsed by the Republican Party.  The Republicans base their endorsement for these positions on merit rather than party affiliation.

1923(22nd of Tishrei, 5684):Shmini Atzeret

1923(22nd of Tishrei, 5684): This morning, while he was on his way to his beloved "bondage," as he used to call his work, Abraham Solomon Freidus collapsed and died almost immediately at the foot of the Library stairs. He was the “custodian of the Jewish Room at the New York Public Library.”

1925(14th of Tishrei, 5686): Erev Sukkoth

1925(14th of Tishrei, 5686): Nine-three Berhnhardine Wetzlar Warburg, the widow of Jonas R. Warburg, passed away today.

1926: In New York today, “Joseph M. Levy, manager for Clark’s Tours in Palestine and Syria” who has just arrived from Jerusalem, reported that there was “keen interest” revolving around the first municipal to be held “under the British mandate.”  According to his figures Jerusalem had a population of 60,000, 37,000 of whom were Jewish.  He also described progress being made on railroad being built between Jaffa and Haifa, with a junction at Tel Aviv that will connect the line with Jerusalem. 

1927: The New York Times describes the vibrant music scene among the Jewish community in Palestine which includes jazz bands playing at a dance hall near Jerusalem’s Jaffa Gate and a group of musicians in Tel Aviv who have established a company that performs grand opera in which is described as “a most acceptable manner.”

1930(10thof Tishrei, 5691): As economic conditions continued to worsen after one of the what will become known as the Great Depression, the Yom Kippur supplications uttered today take an extra poignancy.

1931: Birthdate of Barbara K. Adasm, the wife of Dr. Jerome J. Abrahams, the member of the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation who was also a member of Hadassah and the National Council of Jewish Women.

1932: Universal Studios releases the screen version of the Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman play, “Once in a Lifetime.”

1933(12th of Tishrei, 5694): Thirty six year old Ray Block who is interred at Ahavas Shalom Congregation Cemetery, passed away today.

1934(23rd of Tishrei, 5695): Simchat Torah

1936: It was announced today that Leo Perper who has been with R.H. Macy & Co. for the last 25 years has been named to become the new president of the Roger Kent Stores.

1936: In Los Angeles, “Louis Siegel, a banker and the former Mildred Kaufman” gave birth to Stanley Milton Siegel the host of the live talk-show “The Stanley Siegel Show” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1938: Pitcher Sam Nahem made his major league debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1938: Publisher Oscar “Dystel married Marion Deitler with whom he had two children John and Jane.

1938(7th of Tishrei, 5699): “Twenty one Jews including three women and ten children, ranging in age from 1 to 12 years were killed and three others were wounded” tonight “on the shores of Lake Galilee in the old Jewish quarter of Tiberias in a massacre by stabbing shooting and burning perpetrated by Arabs.”  The Arab violence was described as the worst since 1929 when “Arabs fell on Jewish men, most of whom were rabbinical students as well woman and children in the ancient towns of Hebron and Safed.”  Among those killed by the Arab attackers were Jacob Zaltz, the beadle of the central synagogue; Menachem Kabin, “an elderly American Jew” who had recently moved to Palestine and his sister who was stabbed and then burned to death; Joshua Ben Ariah, his wife and two sons, one of whom was an infant; the three children of Shlomo Leimer, “aged 8,10 and 12” who “were stabbed and burned to death; Shimon Mizrahi, his wife and five children ranging in ages from 1 to 12 years; Jacob Gross  and two as yet to be identified Jewish constables.

1939: “New Yiddish Comedy” published today contained a review of “Chever Nachman,” I.J. Singer’s dramatization of his own novel East of Eden directed by Jacob Ben-Ami playing at the National Theatre on Houston Street as well as “In a Jewish Grocery” by Nuchim Stutchkoff playing at the Second Avenue Theatre.

1939: The text of a telegram which Edward Bernays sent to the secretary of the Executive Committee of the World’s Fair explaining his reasons for withdrawing as the non-salaried counsel on public relations for the fair was published today.

1939: “Dr. Bernhard Weiss formerly vice president of the Berlin police” and who fled when Chancellor Hitler came to power because he was Jew “deprived of his nationality and property by the Nazis” and who has been earning his living by running a small printing business in London “has been interned by a Special Branch of Scotland Yard because he is classified as “German national.”

1939: It was reported today that a recently published editorial in the “atheist organ, Bezbozhnik” that in Poland “rabbis (were) acting as police agents.”

1939: The funeral procession for Frank Margolis, the husband of the President of the Ladies Auxiliary of the East Side Hebrew Institute is scheduled to pass by that institution at 10:30 this morning.

1939: Congressman John Dingell of Michigan addressed the first meeting of the American Jewish Congress since the outbreak of WW II which was being held at the Edison Hotel in New York.  The 1,561 delegates representing 420 different organizations heard his denunciation of the Nazis followed by an impassioned speech from Dr. Stephen S. Wise, president of the American Jewish Congress.

1939: WEVD broadcast “Jewish Melodies at 2pm today.

1939: Cardinal George William Mundelein, the Archbishop of Chicago, who was an early critic of the Nazis, passed away.

1939: “Effective today, Jewish men in Slovakia are conscripted for labor service.”

1939: Academy award winning composer Bernard Herrmann, the son of Russian Jewish immigrants married Lucille Fletcher today.

1940(29th Elul, 5700): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1940: In New York, “the kosher kill was very light today” because “the Jewish new year holidays begin at sundown” today.

1940: In New York, the supplies of “kosher steer chucks and places” “were very light with only two large packers slaughtering” beef.

1940: Comedian Eddie Cantor and singer Dinah Shore are scheduled to perform on WEAF from 9 until 9:30 this evening.

1940: The Benny Goodman Orchestra is scheduled to perform on WABC between nine and ten this evening.

1940: “Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, chairman of the United Palestine Appeal, urged the Jews of America to give greater support to the ‘embattled Palestine Jewry.’”

1940: Dr. Israel Weinstein is scheduled to deliver a talk on WYNC.

1840: In his New Year’s message, “William Weiss, president of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America called for continued optimism and faith in the midst of a world crisis and for prayers for the preservation of American democracy.”

1940: In His New Year’s message, “Dr. Israel Goldstein, president of the Jewish National Fund termed the Jewish national home in Palestine an outpost of democracy and stressed the importance of its wartime program.”

1940: “Edwin F. Jaeckle, chairman of the Republican State Committee” in New York, “said in a holiday greeting that “The period represents merely another tragic interlude in the onward march of a people whose will to live and prosper has never been successfully halted by passing tyrants or dictators since the dawn of civilization.

1940: With the presidential election just weeks away, “in a New Year’s Message to Paul Felix Warburg, vice president of the National Jewish Hospital at Denver,” “Wendell Wilkie joined with President Roosevelt in praising the hospital as ‘an effective symbol of the truly American ideals.’”

1940: “Abraham Herman, president of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society announced appeals would be made in Synagogues throughout the country for the society’s “Rescue Through Emigration Campaign” which has a goal of raising one million dollars.

1940: This evening WMCA is scheduled to broadcast Rosh Hashanah Services from Mt. Neboh Temple led by Rabbi Samuel Segal.

1940: “The New York and Brooklyn Federations of Jewish Charities prepared for special services this evening in each of its 116 welfare agencies including two series for the deaf.”

1940: “Junior Hadassah, the Young Women’s Zionist Organization of America voted” today “to contribute $5,500 for the care of underprivileged children in Palestine and cabled the first installment of $1,500 as a Rosh Hashanah offering.”

1940: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson delivered a sermon on what constitutes a spiritual blessing” saying that “we are living at a time when groups of men under powerful leadership are trying to achieve the blessings of life without regard for the sorrows that their ambitions and their achievements are bringing to masses of men all over the world.”

1940: “Congregation Habonim, made up of 400 refugees from Germany affiliated with Central Synagogue will observe its first anniversary at Town Hall.”

1940: At the Free Synagogue meeting at Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise delivered a sermon in which he said “Not once to every man and nation but a thousand times has come the choice to Israel between self-destructive disloyalty and self-maintaining loyalty, despite everything and everything. The glory of England in this hour, unbroken and even unstooping, has been the glory of the Jewish people for not less than a thousand years.”

1940: At Temple Rodeph Sholom, Rabbi Louis I. Newman told worshippers “The New Year despite its vast tribulations, should bring fresh courage and fresh hope not only to the household of Israel but to all mankind.”

1940: At Mount Zion Congregation, Rabbi B.A. Tintner addressed that issue of first time peace military draft in U.S. history saying that “Fathers and mothers in America should now be assured that the conscription policy will build up a mechanism of defense that will not plunge into war but hopefully keep war from our midst.”

1940: At the West Side Institutional Synagogue Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein said: “Let us pray that the New Year will bring new hope, new vision and a new and true interpretation of the universal Fatherhood of God and of the common brotherhood of man.

1940: At Temple Israel, Rabbi William F. Rosenblum took note of “Nazi threat to liberalism and tolerane” saying “Men are not yet awake to the real danger of losing with a decade what it took a century to gain.

1940: “The Republican National Committee made public today a message from Wendell L. Willkie addressed to Jewish citizens on the occasion of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year” in which he knew that “on this day in every land the Jewish people are gathering in their synagogues praying for peace and for the ultimate victory of right and justice” and asked “for the privilege of joining in your prayers and of pledging to you today that in so far as it is with my capacity to keep so sacred a pledge the United States will never harbor racial or religious intolerance and persecution.

1940: In compliance with War Department circular No. 5 all soldiers of the Jewish faith will be granted furloughs” starting at noon today until revile on October 5 (which ironically is Shabbat) “so they may observe the Jewish New Year.

1941: SS Chief Helmut Knochen ordered the systematic destruction of synagogues in Paris (As reported by Aish.com)

1941:  Six Parisian synagogues were bombed.  At this time, Paris was occupied by the Nazis. As we have seen in our own time, bombing synagogues takes place in Paris regardless of who is in power.

1941(11th of Tishrei, 5702): In Zhager, a small town on the Lithuanian-Latvian border, over 3000 Jewish men, women and children were massacred by members of the Lithuanian militia. They lie in a mass grave in Naryshkin Park, the heart of the shetl.

1941(11th of Tishrei, 5702): A Nazi raid on the Jewish ghetto at Vilna, Lithuania, leaves 3000 dead at nearby Ponary. One victim, Serna Morgenstern, is shot in the back by an SS officer after he complimented her beauty and told her she was free to go.

1942(21st of Tishrei, 5703): Hoshana Rabah

1942(21st of Tishrei, 5703): At the Treblinka death camp, Jews from Zelechów, Poland, are murdered.

1942: In Moorestown, NJ, Edwin Milton "Ed" Sabol and his wife gave birth to Stephen Douglas "Steve" Sabol who, along with his father, was one of the founders of “NFL Films” which changed the way football fans experience the professional game.

1943: In Holland, the families of Jewish men drafted for forced labor are sent to the concentration camp in Westerbork, Holland.

1943: The first Jewish paratroopers from Palestine landed in the Balkans. Many of them had been chosen because they were born in the region and spoke the languages of the land like natives. These Jews agreed to help organize non-Jewish underground units on behalf of the British war effort. The British agreed to let them aid other Jews once they had completed their primary mission. The British also made it clear that they would not offer support for this secondary party of the mission.

1943(3rd of Tishrei, 5704): Shabbat Shuvah; given the events that took place on this date in Denmark –see item below – the day lives up to its name of The Sabbath of Return.

1943: The Danish people rescue about 7000 Jews, only 500 of whom are captured by the Germans. The 500 seized by the Germans are sent to the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto; all but 77 will survive the war. The Danish government will persistently check on the health and welfare of the Jews who were sent to Theresienstadt, enabling almost all of them to survive to war's end.

1943: “The Swedish government announced in an official statement that Sweden was prepared to accept all Danish Jews in Sweden.”

1943: “Some arrested Danish communists witnessed the deportation of about 200 Jews from Langelinie via the ship Wartheland. Of these, a young married couple were able to convince the Germans that they were not Jewish, and set free. The remainder included mothers with infants, the sick and elderly, chief rabbi Max Friediger, and the other Jewish hostages mentioned above, who had been placed in the Danish internment camp, Horserød, on August 28–29. They were driven below deck without their luggage while being screamed at, kicked and beaten. The Germans then took anything of value from the luggage.

1944 (15th of Tishrei, 5705): Sukkoth

1944:  On the first day of Sukkoth Jews attempt to celebrate the Chag while dealing with a British curfew.

1945: “Several thousand troops of the British Sixth Airborne Division disembarked at Haifa” today.  For all intents and purposes, this elite military unit had been sent to Palestine to put an end to “illegal Jewish immigration.”

1946: “Hundreds of heavily armed British soldiers and police raided as fashionable Tel Aviv café today and seized fifty Jews, thirty of whom were immediately sent to the Rafa detention camp on the Egyptian frontier.” The raid at the Ginati Café was aimed at capture leaders of the Irgun.

1947: Cleveland Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver and a leading spokesman for the Zionist cause appeared before the United Nations during hearings on the proposed partition of Palestine.  Silver spoke in a favor the partition, which was the two state solution that was rejected by the Arabs.

1947: Birthdate of Sergio Kerbis

1948:  Birthdate of American fashion designer, Donna Karan

1948: Birthdate of Jack Leon Terpins, a native of Sao Paulo, Brazil, who serves as President of the Latin American Jewish Congress.

1949(9th of Tishrei, 5710): Erev Yom Kippur

1949: In Waterbury, CT, Marilyn Edith, née Heit and Air Force Lt. Col. Samuel Leibovitz gave birth to Anna-Lou Leibovitz, who gained famed as photographer Annie Leibovitz. Leibovitz was chief photographer for Rolling Stones Magazines for ten years.  She later moved on to Vanity Fair Magazine.  She was named Photographer of the Year in 1984 by the American Society of Magazine Photographers.

1950(21st of Tishrei, 5711): Hoshana Raba is observed for the first time during the Korean War.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had purchased 27 Mustang fighters from the Swedish Air Force. The propeller driven fighters, known as the P-51 during WW II, were obsolete in a world of Jet Age aircraft.  But for the fledgling Israeli Air Force, they would have to do as they confronted their better armed and equipped Arab neighbors.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the overwhelming majority of the 34,000 immigrants who arrived in Israel from October 1951 to the end of September 1952 were members of Oriental communities. There were 9,800 immigrants from Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, 3,800 from Libya, 1,350 from Egypt, 5,800 from Iran, 1,000 from Iraq, 650 from Turkey, 6,800 from Romania, 650 from Bulgaria, 160 from Poland, 170 from the US and the rest from other countries. This rapidly growing Sephardic population would eventually change the demographics of the new state.  The early settlers had been primarily of Russian, Polish and later German origins.   In other words the Ashkenazim, or those whose roots were found among the Ashkenazim, dominated the Yishuv and the state of Israel in its early decades.  Many Sephardim felt that they were treated like second-class citizens.  Interestingly enough, it would be Likud under the leadership of Menachem Begin that would give voice to these feelings.  And it would the votes of these Oriental Jews that would bring Begin to power in 1977.

1953(23rd of Tishrei, 5714): Simchat Torah is observed for the first after the guns have gone silent in Korea.

1954: Birthdate of Eran Riklis, the veteran of the Yom Kippur War and husband of Dina Riklis who went on to make such films as Cup Final, The Syrian Bride, Lemon Tree and Dancing Arabs.

1955: Coach Sid Gillman’s Los Angeles Rams defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers today.

1957: “The Bridge on the River Kwai” the WW II epic produced by Sam Spiegel with a screenplay co-authored by Carl Foreman was released in the United Kingdom today.

1957: “Who’s Sorry Now?” a popular song with lyrics by Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby published in 1923 and which “was featured in the Marx Brothers film A Night in Casablanca” was recorded today by pop star Connie Francis who is the only one of those mentioned who is not Jewish.

1958: CBS’s Playhouse 90 broadcast the original production of “Days of Wine and Roses” a chilling look at alcoholics starring Piper Laurie, born Rosetta Jacobs, the daughter of eastern European Jewish immigrants.

1959: The anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS television. The show was created by Rod Serling who was raised as a Reform Jew.At high school, where he edited the newspaper, Serling experienced anti-Jewish discrimination when he was blackballed from the Theta Sigma fraternity. In an interview in 1972 he said of this incident, "it was the first time in my life that I became aware of religious difference." Serling did not consider himself to be a practicing Jew and he and his future wife Carol Kramer became Unitarians.

1961(22nd of Tishrei, 5722): Shmini Arzeret

1965: Birthdate of David Nehaisi, the native of Holon who traces his lineage back to “Jews expelled from Spain” in 1491 and who gained fame as singer, composer and songwriter David D’Or

1965: Eight-six year old Julius W. “Nicky” Arnstein who, thanks the musical “Funny Girl” is best known as the husband of Fanny Brice, passed away today.

1967(27th of Elul, 5727): Seventy-six year old dancer and choreographer Albertina Rasch who was the wife of Dimitri Tiomkin passed away today.

1967: In Minneapolis, Paula Goldberg, “co-founder and executive director of the Pacer Center and Mel Goldberg the associate dean and professor at the William Mitchell College of Law gave birth to David Bruce "Dave" Goldberg the CEO of SurveyMonkey and the husband of Facebook executive of Facebook.

1968(10th of Tishrei, 5729): Yom Kippur

1968: Birthdate of actor Joey Slotnick.

1968: U.S. Premiere of “Coogan’s Bluff” directed and produced by Don Siegel, co-starring Lee J. Cobb with music by Lalo Schifrin.

1969: Robert Louis Rogers completed his service as Canada’s ambassador to Israel.

1973: Birthdate of relief pitcher Scott Schoeweiss who played for the 2002 World Champion Anaheim Angels.

1972 "From Israel with Love" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 8 performances

1973: Senior military officials ignore the warnings of Lieutenant Binyamin Siman-Tov that Egyptians are in fact preparing to launch a military action that will take them across the Suez Canal.

1974: U.S. Premiere of “The Taking of Pelham One Two Three” produced by Edgar J. Scherick, co-starring Walter Matthau and Martin Balsom with music by David Shire.

1974: “The Gambler” a dramatic film directed by Karel Reisz, produced by Irwin Winkler and Robert Chartoff, written by James Toback, starring James Caan and with music by Jerry Fielding was released in the United States today.

1974: “Monument of Jewish sculptor Ernst Neizvestny was installed on the grave of Nikita Khrushchev.”

1975; “Dr. Mikhail Stern’s son Viktor arrived in London to launch a world-wide campaign for the release of his father from a Soviet prison camp.”

1977: Three people were injured in Jerusalem when a bomb went off in a bus station.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that the US and the Soviet Union, in a formal communiqué issued simultaneously in Washington and Moscow, announced that any Arab-Israeli peace settlement would have to ensure "the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people." Israel sharply criticized this statement as likely to harden the Arabs¹ stance and impede the peace-making progress. Jordan informed the US that it would not agree to the incorporation of Palestinian negotiators within its own Geneva Peace Conference delegation. Prime Minister Menachem Begin, who had a heart attack shortly before his election, was again admitted to hospital, suffering from exhaustion.

1978(1st of Tishrei, 5739): Rosh Hashanah

1978: Syrian & Palestinians battle in East Beirut, 1,300 killed

1981(4th of Tishrei, 5742): Harry Golden passed away passed away at the age of 79.  Born Harry Goldhirsch in what is now the Ukraine, Golden gained famed as the publisher of the Carolina Israelite.  Golden used his publication to advocate desegregation in the days when Jim Crow dominated the South and to provide folksy tales about his days growing up on the Lower East Side.  Two of his better known books were Only in America and for Two Cents Plain. Sometimes Golden combined his passion for social justice with his satiric wit.  One such example was the Vertical Negro Plan.  In the days of the segregated South, African-Americans were not allowed to sit down in a restaurant and eat their meals.  African-Americans were allowed to go to a window at the side or in the back of many eating establishments, order their food and take it to eat elsewhere.  Golden decided that the problem was with African-Americans and Whites eating together, but of sitting together while they were eating.  He proposed removing all chairs and stools from eating establishments.  That way, the races could eat in the same establishment without violating the time honored tradition of not sitting down to eat together.

1981: Soviet authorities in Kharkov summon factory workers to special meetings to inform them that they have “unmasked” a Zionist movement in Kharkov. They say the movement’s members will shortly be put on trial.

1981: “Paternity,” a comedy directed by David Steinberg, featuring Norman Fell and with music by David Shire was released today in the United States.

1983: The Israel Bank Stock crisis “erupted fully” today, “the first day after the Sukkoth holiday” when “the public sold more bank stocks than in the entire month of September.”

1983: Bonnie Franklin’s “One Day At A Time” begins its ninth and last season.

1984:Love on the Beat,” is an album by French singer and songwriter Serge Gainsbourg featuring a duet with his daughter Charlotte was released today.

1987: Release date for “Big Shots,” a film edited by Sheldon Kahn and written by Joe Esterhas.

1987: “Near Dark” a horror film co-starring Jenette Goldstein and filmed by Israeli cinematographer Adam Greenberg was released in the United States today.

 

1988: In “Goetz Estate on the Market” Ruth Ryon described the art and estate left behind by Hollywood producer William Goetz.

1992: U.S. Premiere of “Hero” a dark comedy produced and written by Laura Ziskin and co-starring Dustin Hoffman.as the anti-hero “Bernie LaPlante.”

1994(27th of Tishrei, 5755): “The Board of Trustee of Bene Naharayim honored Dr. Gourji Ray, the son of Meir and Mariam Raby “for his accomplishments both in Iraq and the United States.

1994: A revival production of Show Boat produced and directed by Harold Prince which had premiered in Toronto opened on Broadway at the George Gershwin Theatre where “it ran for 947 performance” making it the longest running Broadway production of the Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein musical based on Edna Ferber’s novel.

1997: Emmy award winning actress Rena Sofer completed her second round of guest appearances on “General Hospital”

1998: “Hideous Kinky” a film based on the autobiographical novel of the same name by Esther Freud, the great-granddaughter of Sigmund Freud was released today by AMLF.

2000(3rd of Tishrei, 5761): Tzom Gedaliah

2000: Twenty-four year old Wichlav Zalsevky was shot by “an unknown Palestinian” today.

2000: CBS broadcast the first episode of season six of “King of Queens” co-starring Jerry Stiller.

2001(15th of Tishrei, 5762): Sukkoth

2001: Osama Awadallah, a college student with no criminal record who was one of dozens Arab men detained around the country in the days after 9/11 as potential witnesses in terrorism investigations appeared in the Federal District Courtroom of Judge Michael B. Mukasey. Responding to Awadallah’s claims that he had been beaten, the judge said, “I will tell you he looks fine to me…If you to file a lawsuit, you can file a lawsuit.”  Mukasey, an Orthodox Jew did not recues himself from this case which should have come as no surprise since he did not recues himself during the trials of the “Blind Sheik” was part of the conspiracy to blow up the World Trade Center in 1993.

2001: In a statement issued today, Aipac officials criticized President Bush's advisers who advocated support for the creation of a Palestinian state. Those advisers ''are encouraging the president to reward, rather than punish, those that harbor and support terrorism,'' the statement said.

2002: Randy Lerner succeeded his father Al as the leader of the Cleveland Browns football team

2004(17th of Tishrei, 5765): Shabbat Chol HaMoed Sukkoth

2004(17th of Tishrei, 5765): Sixty-three year old Shaul Amor, the native of Morocco who served in the Knesset as “Minister without for Portfolio” passed away today.

2004: Amy “Goodman was presented the Islamic Community Award for Journalism by the Council on American-Islamic Relations.”

2005:  The New York Times reported that Franzi Groszman had passed away at the age of 100.  Mrs. Groszman is believed to be one of the last survivors of the parents who put their children on the Kindertransport, the London bound trains that took Jewish children out of Nazi Germany before World War II. 

2005:  Books by Jewish authors or on Jewish topics were featured in several newspapers.  The New York Times Book Review Section included a review of Party In The Blitz a memoir by Elijah Canetti.  The winner of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Literature is described as “a Spanish Jewish Viennese Swiss Bulgarian Refugee.  The Times also reviewed Blood Relation a biography of Harold “Heshy” Konigsberg, a Jewish racketeer and hit man.  As the review points out, Jews may be criminals, but they are not heroes.  Hehsy’s family describes him as a “shanda” which is Yiddish for ‘Shame.” 

2005: After fracturing his finger in September Boston Red Sox Kevin Youkilis returned to the lineup today the last day of the 2005 season during which he hit .278.

2006: The Washington Post reviewed Dogs of War by James Reston.  It is subtitled, “Columbus, the Inquisition and the Defeat of the Moors.”  As the reviewer says, “in 1492, Sapin expelled its Jews and crushed a caliphate.” Finally the Post also reviewed The Last Days of Dogtown by Anita Diamant.  In The Red Tent Diamant used a gaudy, Technicolor style to engineer her Old Testament visions of sex and violence, while The Last Days of Dogtown is as plain as sunlight on polished wood. But in both books, she has managed to find an appropriate (if not a true) vocabulary to conjure up a world. Like Las Vegas reproductions of old Venice or ancient Egypt, these novels are proudly inauthentic yet still entirely original.”

2006(10th of Tishrei, 5767:) Yom Kippur,

2006: The first Yom Kippur is observed with all IDF Troops out of Lebanon.

2006: As the sun set on Yom Kippur the last Rabbi in Baghdad, Emad Levy, sat down for his last “break the fast’ meal in Iraq.  As he ate the piece of cake and ranks the two glasses of milk he shared his thoughts with a Washington Post reporter realizing that next year he would be doing this in another land.

2006: Allegations arose that Alan Hevesi had fired Alexander McHugh, a receptions who had filed a sexual harassment charge.  Hevesi’s office contended that she had not cooperated with their investigation and that no evidence had been found to support her claim.

2007: Solomon Wachtler “was reinstated to the New York state bar.”

2007: The Special Olympics open in Shanghai where the 2,000-strong Jewish community has raised $20,000 to support Israel’s Special Olympics team.  The community, headed by Maurice Ohama, has provided the 38 Israeli athletes with uniforms, sports shoes as well as access to a Sukkah and kosher food.

2007: Israel eased a strict news blackout on an airstrike on stories related to the September airstrike against Syria that has been described as destroying shipments of arms for Hezbollah or a nuclear facility built with North Korean technology.

2007: Frank Lowy received the Henni Friedlander Award for the Common Good at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, United States.

2007: “Gilded Lions and Jeweled Horses: The Synagogue to the Carousel opens at the American Folk Art Museum under the aegis of guest cuator Murray Zimilies From gilded lions to high-stepping horses, the sacred to the secular, and the Old World to the New, "Gilded Lions and Jeweled Horses: The Synagogue to the Carousel" traces the journey of Jewish woodcarvers and other artisans from Eastern and Central Europe to America and the unsung role they played in establishing a distinct Jewish culture in communities throughout the United States. The exuberant artworks stand as a testament to a history of survival and transformation and provide a surprising revelation of the link that was forged between the synagogue and the carousel as immigrant Jewish artists transferred symbolic visual elements into this vernacular American idiom. The first major study of this important aspect of the Jewish contribution to American folk art, the exhibition features approximately one hundred artworks and objects, including rare documentary photographs of Eastern European synagogue arks and carved gravestones, sacred carvings, paper-cuts, and carousel animals. The show is accompanied by a fully illustrated catalog co- published with Brandeis University Press, an imprint of the University Press of New England.

2008: At Columbia University, the Institute for Israel and Jewish Studies presents an address by renowned Israeli author Amos Oz, Agnon Professor of Hebrew Literature, Ben-Gurion University entitled “A Tale of Love and Darkness” as part of the Syliva and Joseph Radov Lectures

2008(3, Tishrei, 5769): Fast of Gedaliah,

2008: Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg announced today that he would abandon his earlier opposition to changing the term limits law and seek a third term as mayor, arguing that the economic crisis buffeting the nation called for continuity in municipal leadership.

2008 An “abridged version of Girl Crazy,” a 1930’s George and Ira Gershwin musical opened at the Kennedy Center.

2008: In “Rabbi Has Message, So Does Cellphone,” published today James Barron describes how Jewish businessmen are coping with the financial meltdown during the High Holidays.
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/02/nyregion/02holidays.html?_r=0

2009: Singer-songwriter Peter Yarrow (of Peter, Paul & Mary fame) reads from and discusses his new song-inspired children's picture book, Day is Done, (illustrated by Melissa Sweet) at Politics and Prose Bookstore, in Washington, D.C.

2009: Icelandic experimental band mum (with a lower-case "m" and pronounced moom) is scheduled to open its European tour at Tel Aviv's Barby Club today. Seven musicians will perform their indie-pop combination of electronic music and soft vocals, accompanied by traditional acoustic instruments and some less conventional ones. The band was begun in 1997 by Gunnar Om Tynes and Orvar Poreyjarson Smarason and is now considered Iceland's No. 2 band (after Sigur Ros).

2009: The Coen Brothers latest film, “A Serious Man,” opens in theatres throughout the United States.

2009: According to reports published in today’s Washington Post, “Israeli writer Amos Oz is the favorite to be picked for the 2009 Nobel literature prize next Thursday, but with the judging notoriously hard to predict, he is far from a safe bet.  Oz, who deals with life in modern Israel in his novels, and reflects decades of commitment to the Israeli peace movement in his political writing, is quoted at 4/1 by the British bookmaker Ladbrokes, meaning he has one chance in five of winning.”

2009(14th of Tishrei, 5770): Erev Sukkoth

2009(14th of Tishrei, 5770): Captain Benjamin Sklaver was killed in Afghanistan.

2009: Thin and wan, but lucid and very much alive, Gilad Shalit, the captured Israeli soldier whose fate has gripped Israel for more than three years, appeared in a video today holding a Palestinian newspaper dated Sept. 14. Israel obtained the DVD today in a deal brokered by German and Egyptian mediators. In return, Israel released 19 Palestinian women from its jails and was to release a 20th on Sunday.

2009(14th of Tishrei, 5770): Seventy-six year old photographer of the famous, Nat Finkelstein, passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/13/arts/13finkelstein.html

2010: On Shabbat, the traditional minyan at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA joins the rest of the world in reading Parsha Bereshit, marking the start of the new Torah reading cycle.

2010: Miki Gavrielov, one of Israel’s leading singer/song writer is scheduled to perform at Beth El Synagogue Center in New Rochelle, NY. 

2011: Israelis change their clocks as daylight savings time comes to an end.

2011: The New York Times features books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “The Swerve: How the World Became Modern” by Stephen Greenblatt, “Gustav Mahler by Jens Malte Fischer, “All Our Worldly Goods” by Irène Némirovsky and “The Mirador: Dreamed Memories of Irène Némirovsky by Her Daughter” by Élisabeth Gille

2011: Gilo is not a settlement but an “integral part of Jerusalem,” Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon stressed during a tour of the capital’s third-largest neighborhood for 50 members of the foreign media today. Ayalon delicately denounced the Quartet’s condemnation of a new building project in Gilo, which was approved by an Interior Ministry committee last week. Jerusalem cannot be divided and will not be divided, and it’s very unfortunate that from faraway places people are trying to judge Jerusalem by standards that are completely unrealistic,” he said. Ayalon quickly corrected himself to clarify that the comments were aimed at the Palestinian Authority, not at the Quartet or Germany. He added that the government has the “highest admiration” for Germany and Chancellor Angela Merkel, who told Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu last week that the Gilo approval “raised doubts over whether the Israeli government was interested in the resumption of serious negotiations.”

2011: Today, Israel formally accepted an international proposal to return to peace negotiations with the Palestinians, but any immediate resumption of talks appeared unlikely as the Israelis and Palestinians differed sharply over the letter and spirit of the proposal.

2012(16th of Tishrei, 5733): Second Day of Sukkoth

2012: This evening, Michael Stewart, author of The Gypsy Menace: Populism and the New Anti Gypsy Politics is scheduled to discuss treatment of Europe’s largest minority at the Wiener Library in London.

2012: Vandals attacked the Franciscan convent on Jerusalem’s Mount Zion early this morning, spray-painting it with anti- Christian graffiti in the third “price tag” attack against a Christian site this year. The vandals painted the words “price tag” and “Jesus is a bastard” on the door of the Franciscan convent, located adjacent to the Dormition Abbey cathedral.

2012: Funeral services for the late Stephen O. Frankurt, former President of Young & Rubicon will be held today

2012: “Rabbi Israel Meir Lau, Julius Berman, Colette Avital and Rafi Eitan were among those who spoke at the funeral of Holocaust survivor and Israeli economist Moshe Sanbar which was held at the Kiryat Shaul Cemetery today.

2012: Five people, including Likud activist Moshe Feiglin, were arrested for a confrontation on the Temple Mount this morning during Feiglin’s monthly trip to Judaism’s holiest site. Towards the end of Feiglin’s visit, a group of Muslims surrounded the Jewish worshippers and started yelling “Alalu Akbar.”

2012: Friends and Family will celebrate the birthday of Barb Feller today in Cedar Rapids, where her many accomplishments include being a Hebrew teach par excellence.

2013: In the UK, the Wiener Library is scheduled to host Bernd Koschland who will share his experiences of the Kindertransport, the humanitarian effort that brought 10,000 persecuted children to the UK from Europe in 1938-39.

2013: The Greater Washington Area Chapter of Hadassah is scheduled to host its Special Gifts Dinner this event at Woodmont Country Club.

2013: In a commemoration marking the 40th anniversary of the Yom Kippur a screening of “The Battle Over the Soul” followed “by a conversation with Dan Almagor, the producer and a soldier at the battle of ‘Tel Saki’ is scheduled to take place at the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue.

2013: In Cedar Rapids, IA, Temple Judah is scheduled to host the Hadassah Book Club which will discuss The List by Martin Fletcher.

2013: In Budapest, the Conference on Jewish Life and Anti-Semitism in Contemporary Europe came to an end.

2013: “Poverty is the greatest menace to the Middle East, overtaking terrorism and conventional wars, Israeli President Shimon Peres told the Dutch parliament in a speech today.”

2013: “Finance Minister Yair Lapid y0day harshly condemned Israeli citizens who emigrate to improve their standard of living, saying he had “no patience” for people who leave the Jewish state behind for reasons of convenience.”

2013(28th of Tishrei, 5774): Ninety-four year old “Abraham Nemeth, the creator of a Braille Code for math” passed away today. (As reported by William Yardley)

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/07/us/abraham-nemeth-creator-of-a-braille-code-for-math-is-dead-at-94.html?hpw

2013: Based the media coverage, the most important Jew in the world today is fashion designer Marc Jacobs who announced that “he is leaving Louis Vuitton after 16 years to concentrate on his namesake line

2014: The Kaufman Music Center is scheduled to host “An Evening with Paul Reiser.”

2014: In an interview published today IDF Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz said “Israel achieved a decisive victory in this summer’s hostilities with Hamas, but maintaining a long-term ceasefire depends on improving the day-to-day conditions and economic conditions of Gaza residents.” (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)

2014: In an attempt to avoid armed clashes, a closure of the West Bank begins as ll:59 p.m. today (JTA)

2014: France joined the United States in condemning a plan to buid over two thousand new homes in east Jerusalem, thus worsening a pseudo –crisis created by Prime Minister Netanyahu who successfully shifted attention away from what he claimed was a primary security concern  i.e. keeping Iran from developing nuclear capability.

2015: Lewis Black is scheduled to perform at the Belle Mehus Auditorium in Bismarck, ND.

2015: “Congo Beat the Drum,” a documentary about “two musicians from Tel Aviv who travel to Jamaica to record an album with forgotten reggae artists from the past” is scheduled to be shown at the Bushwick Film Festival.

2015: As part of the International Balloon Festival, balloons are scheduled to be launched “early this morning from Eshkol Park in the northern Negev region.

2015: All decent people throughout the world mourn the deaths of Eitam and Haama Henkin who were murdered when terrorists opened fire on their car in which they were traveling with four of their children in an attack which Hamas praised as “heroic” followed by a call for “more high-quality attacks.”

2015: Thousands attended the funeral in Jerusalem this morning for Eitam and Naama Henkin, who were killed in a shooting attack in their car near the settlement of Itamar yesterday evening during which nine year old Matan said Kaddish for his parents                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
2016: The first show of the seventh season of “Shameless” starring Emmy Rossum is scheduled to be broadcast tonight.

2016: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Iran Wars: Spy Games, Bank Battles, and the Secret Deals That Reshaped the Middle East by Jay Solomon, The Fix: How Nations Survive and Thrive in a World in Decline by Jonathan Tepperman and Little Nothing by Marisa Silver.

2006: As Jews prepare to welcome the New Year, friends and family are scheduled to celebrate the birthday of Barb Feller, a pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community who has patiently taught Hebrew to untold number of youngsters for decades.

2016(29th of Elul, 5776): Erev Rosh Hashanah
שנה טובה, כתיבה וחתימה טובה.

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