Monday, October 17, 2016

This Day, October 18, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin


OCTOBER 18

67 CE: Roman soldiers captured Gamla, a fortress in Israel's Golan region, and killed all its inhabitants. The ancient historian Josephus Flavius, a leader of the Jewish revolt against Rome, fortified Gamla as a main stronghold in 66 CE. The Romans attempted to take the city by means of a siege ramp, but were turned back by the defenders; only on the second attempt did they succeed in penetrating the fortifications and conquering the city. Thousands of inhabitants were slaughtered, while others chose to jump to their deaths from the top of the cliff. The location of ancient Gamla was discovered in archeological excavations during the 1970s; the remains have been preserved as a national park (As reported by Aish)

323:  Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire. Constantine is perhaps best known for being the first Roman Emperor to endorse Christianity.  To put it mildly, Constantine tipped the scales in favor of Christianity and helped begin a downward spiral for European Jewry for an extended period of time.  This is an example of the fact that Christianity owes its dominant position to the power of the state.  As one author has pointed out in a recent bestseller, the Sword of Constantine was the vehicle for empowering the Cross of the Church.

412: Cyril was made Pope or Patriarch of Alexandria. Two years later, he “incited the Greeks to kill or expel the Jews. He forced his way into the synagogue at the head of a mob, expelled the Jews and gave their property to the crowd. The Prefect Orestes, who refused to condone this behavior, was set upon and almost stoned to death. Only one Jew, Adamanlius, agreed to be baptized. Within a few years Jews were allowed to return, but a majority of them returned only after the Mohammedans conquered Egypt.”

614: Today the fifth Council of Paris “prohibited the Jews from asking or from exercising civic or administrative rights.”

1009: The Church of the Holy Sepulcher, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock. His treatment of a Christian shrine provides an insight as to how Islam treated the holy sites of other religions.  In other words, Islam’s current claims to the Temple Mount are consistent with a pattern of usurpation and destruction.

1035: Sancho III, King of Navarre, called by some, the Great, was assassinated during a revolt. Four officials and sixty Jews were put to death during that revolt, because the locals considered Jews to be "property" of the crown.

1210:  Pope Innocent III excommunicates German leader Otto IV. This was part of Innocent’s drive to become the dominant power in Europe.  Jews will recognize him as the true father of the Inquisition and the driving force behind the Fourth Lateran Council that served to demean the Jewish people and force them to live a life isolated from their Christian neighbors which would ensure their impoverishment.

1270: The Last Crusade ended.  The Crusades began in 1095 with the People’s Crusade.  These first Crusaders moved through Central Europe like a giant wave attacking the local Jewish communities as they moved toward the Holy Land.  There were eight crusades, the last two led by the French King, Louis IX known as St. Louis.  St. Louis actually died of the plague in 1270 in Tunis thus failing to reach the Holy Land.   Many historians see the Crusades as a negative in Jewish History.  The slaughter of the Jews in Europe by the Crusaders on their way to the Holy Land and the slaughter of the Jews of Jerusalem by the Crusaders once they got there are two examples for this view.  The fact that the Crusaders lost out boded well for the Jews since Islamic dominated societies at this time provided better treatment for the Jewish citizens.

1356: Basel, Switzerland was destroyed by an earthquake which was the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps.  In all likelihood, no Jews died in the earthquake since the Jewish community in Basel had been dissolved in 1349 when 600 adults were burned to death and the children were forcibly baptized in response to claims that the Jews were well-poisoners who were responsible for the Black Death.

1503: Pope Pius III passed away. The Papacy of Pius III was one of the shortest in history since it had begun on September 22, 0f 1503.  He was a compromise Pope who was preceded by Alexander VI and followed by Julius II, two the Medici popes who showed some sympathy for the Jews and otherwise left them alone while they pursued other, more worldly interests. There are those who think that Pius may have died as the victim of sort of Medici induced plot.

1571: In Mexico, an inquisition was set up that remained in force until the end of the eighteenth century.

1635: Urban VIII issued “Cum sicut acceptimus” a papal bull dealing with the requirement to feed poor Jews imprisoned for failure to pay their debts.

1739(16th of Tishrei, 5500): António José da Silva, a Portuguese-Brazilian dramatist, known as "the Jew" (O Judeu) fell victim to the Inquisition suffering death in an auto-da-fé.

1747:  In London, establishment of the Sephardi Jews’ Hospital (Beth Holim).

1747: Three Jewish doctors, Jacob de Castro Sarmento, Dr. Phillip de la Cour and Dr. Joseph Vaz de Silva offered their services to the newly opened Beth Holim - The Sephardi Jewish Hospital.

1748: Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession. The Jews of Silesia would now live under Prussian rule instead of Austrian governance.  Silesia would eventually become part of Poland.  This is an excellent example of how the Jews never moved; the nations of Europe kept redrawing their boundaries so that a Jew, depending upon the time period could be an Austrian, a German or a Pole.  Breslau, which at one time was home to a significant Jewish community, is located in Silesia.

1762: Birthdate of Lazarus Bendavid, the native of Berlin who became a leading mathematician and philosopher.

1763: Uriah and Eva Hendricks gave birth to Richa Hendricks who would marry Abraham Gomez

1764: Uriah and Eva Hendricks gave birth to Rebecca Eve Hendricks who married Solomon Levy

1779: The combined Franco-American forces ended the Siege of Savannah during which Philip Minis, a member of a prominent Jewish family served as guide and helped the attackers find the best landing place for their forces.

1816: Jacob Weil, delivered a speech in the chapel of the Jewish school (Philanthropin) of Frankfort where he would become an instructor two years later, in which “he expressed the hope that the new era would bring the emancipation of his” fellow Jews.

1817: In the book burning at the Wartburg festival today, Saul Asher's writing "Die Germanomanie" ("The Germano Mania") was burned.”

1818: Inauguration of The Hamburg Temple, “the first reform synagogue in Germany.”

1839: Two days after her death, Gittle Rinkel Friedlander, the wife of Joseph Friedlander, the daughter of Joseph Rinkel and the mother of Henriette Friedlandler Munk was buried today at the Old Jewish Cemetery in Dresden.

1842: In Hambrug, the cornerstone was laid for the new house of worship to be used by the city’s Reform Jews.

1844: “Under the editorship of Joseph Mitchell,” The Jewish Chronicle “tool the title of The Jewish Chronicle and Working Man’s Friend.”

1848: In New York, Temple-Emanuel “organized an elementary school” which “was maintained until 1854” when it was replaced by “a religious school” that had over 500 students as of December, 1870.

1851(22nd of Tishrei, 5612): Shemini Atzeret

1851: The New York Times began publishing. Contrary to popular misconception the paper was not founded by Jews.  Nicknamed "The Gray Lady" or The Times, the newspaper was founded as The New-York Daily Times by Henry J. Raymond and George Jones as a sober alternative to the more partisan newspapers that dominated the New York journalism of the time.  In 1896, the times was purchased by Adolph Simon Ochs, an American Jewish reporter of Bavarian background who rescued it from near oblivion, increasing its readership from 9,000 at the time of his purchase to 780,000 by the 1920s. His daughter, Iphigene Bertha Ochs, married Arthur Hays Sulzberger, who became publisher of the Times after his father-in-law. Her son Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger also became publisher of the Times.  The Times may be owned by Jews but it sure is not a Jewish newspaper.

1854: In New York City, Henry Waldstein and his wife gave birth to chemist M.E. Waldstein who earned a Ph.D. in 1875 at Heidelberg after studying at the Columbia College of Schools of Mines and who became the “head of Atlanta Chemical Works.”

1859: In Paris, pianist Michal Bergson and Katherin Levison, the daughter of an English doctor gave birth to French philosopher, author and recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature Henri Bergson.

1862: During the Civil War, Philadelphian Joseph L. Moss began serving in the 113th Regiment with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

1863(22nd of Tishrei, 5764): Shemini Atzertz

1867: Birthdate of Adolf Büchler “a Hungarian-Austrian rabbi, historian and theologian. In 1887 he began his theological studies at the Rabbinical Seminary of Budapest, and at the same time studied in the department of philosophy of the university under Ignác Goldziher and Moritz Kármán. Büchler continued his studies at the Breslau Seminary, and in 1890 graduated as PhD at Leipzig University, his dissertation being Zur Entstehung der Hebräischen Accente, which was afterward published in the Sitzungsberichte der Wiener Akademie der Wissenschaften of 1891. Büchler returned to Budapest to finish his theological studies, and was graduated as rabbi in 1892. He then went to Oxford for 1 year, where he worked under the direction of his uncle, Adolf Neubauer, and published an essay, "The Reading of the Law and Prophets in a Triennial Cycle". The same year he accepted a call as instructor at the Vienna Jewish Theological Seminary, teaching Jewish history, Bible, and Talmud. He became Principal of Jews' College in London, in 1906. He passed away in 1939.

1869: In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Temple Emanu-El was formed under the leadership of David Adler and Herny Friend.

1871: It was reported today that 800 buildings have been burned by arsonists in Boguslav who are described as “fanatical oppressors of the Jews.”  [Boguslav is a city in the Kiev district of the Ukraine which at that time was part of the Russian Empire. The Ukraine was the scene of periodic spasm of anti-Semitism from the 17th century through the 20th century.]

1873: “Explorations in the East” published today examines recent archaeological discoveries including the Stone of Moab which was uncovered five years ago. Questions still remain about its authenticity.  There is a thriving traffic in fake ancient antiques some of which are attributed to Professor Shapira a noted Orientalist living in Jerusalem. [Moses Shapira would be involved in several cases where he was accused of forging or creating relics.  These charges would contribute to his death in 1884.  Shapira was born a Jew but became an Anglican while living in Palestine.]

1873: Based on information that first appeared in Germany’s Cologne Gazette, it was reported today that the Kingdom of Poland has a total population of six million people, over 800,000 of whom are Jews meaning that they make up about 13 per cent of the total.  Since 1816, the Jewish population has quadrupled. The eastern districts of the kingdom have the largest proportions of Jewish citizens while the western districts have a larger proportion of Germans in their population.

1875: Birthdate of Lawrence, Kansas native Bella Ney Cahn Printz who was first married to Louis Coahn with whom she had two children and then was married to Bert Printz.

1878(21st of Tishrei, 5639): Hoshana Raba

1878: A meeting of property owners was held tonight at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at #110 West 42nd Street to protest the construction of a horse-railroad at this location.  The protesting property owners include Jews and non-Jews who are united in a desire to protect their aggregate investment of $1,730,000

1878: It was reported today that Italy, France and the United Kingdom have informed the government at Belgrade that they will not recognize Serbian independence until the civil and political of its Jewish citizens is guaranteed.

1879: At tonight’s meeting of St. Luke’s Hospital in New York City, the report of the house physician stated that in the past fiscal year, the hospital treat 1,216 patients two of whom were Jews.

1880: Birthdate of Zionist leader Ze'ev Jabotinsky. There is no way that this blog can do justice to the life of this complicated person who played such an active role in the activities that led to the creation of the state of Israel.  His untimely death in 1940 prevented him from seeing the horrors of the Holocaust and the final fruits of his labors.  Regardless of your view of his Revisionist wing of the Zionist movement all would do well to learn more about him.

1880: In the past six months the Jews of Newcastle-upon-Tyne have purchased beef from 15 different shipments from the United States. This is an indication that American meat is gaining in acceptability among the British since the “the Jews are the most particular race of people upon the face of the earth grading the wholesome state of their butcher’s meat.”

1881: It was reported today that 131 Russian Jewish immigrants were on board the SS Italy when it docked at Castle Garden.

1881: It was reported at tonight’s annual meeting of the Society of St. Luke’s Hospital that the Episcopal institution had treated 1,665 patients in the past year, seven of whom were Jewish.

1881: “Mr. Jacobsohn’s Grievance” published today described the suit that Adolph Jacobsohn has brought against Moses Keniger.  The Plaintiff claims that the Respondent has defamed him by claiming that he “failed to fast and pray on Yom Kippur” and that, instead, he had gone to Connecticut “to purchase goods.”  Jacobsohn is seeking two thousand dollars in damages because he claims that his fellow Orthodox Jews have refused to do business with him.

1882: In New York City, a concert sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association will be held in Chickering Hall this evening.

1883: There were several families of Russian Jewish immigrants aboard the SS Canada when it arrived in New York today.

1883: Henry J. Greenberg, a thirty year old Jewish peddler from Huntingdon County, PA, registered at Hartman’s Hotel in the Bowery.

1884:Dr. Kaufmann Kohler, the rabbi at New York’s Temple Beth-El will deliver the address at the centenary birthday celebration being sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association tonight.

1884: An “informal celebration” marking the 100th birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore was held “in the last chapel of the Five Points House of Industry.  N.W. Platzek, President of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association provided the opening remarks to the standing room only crowd during which he praised Montefiore and introduced the evening’s main speaker, Dr. Kohler, Rabbi of Temple Bethel.  Kohler, who began his speech in English, but switched to German so that all assembled could understand spoke glowing of Montefiore’s efforts including those alleviate the suffering of the Jews of Russia.

1884: Birthdate of Emmanuel “Manny” Shinwell, the British trade unionist who would become a member of Clement Attlee’s government – the first Labour government in British history.

1885: “A Magazine Library” published today provides a look at various traditions and tales based on folklore including The Merchant of Venice which Shakespeare seemed to have completely twisted from its Italian origins.  “According to an authority from 131 years, in the time of Pope Sixtus, Paul Sedchi insured his ships with Samson Ceneda, a Jewish underwriter…”  It was the gentile Secchi who bet the pound of flesh meaning that when his ships were lost he was the one who “insisted on taking his pound” from Ceneda, the Jew.  In response to all of these the Pope said: “Go ahead Secchi carve your meat rare; but we wold advise you to careful it you cut a scruple more or less than is due you shall certainly be hanged.” (Editor’s Note: The Pope would be “Sixtus” not Sextus. In terms of the reference to Shakespeare it might be a reference to Sixtus V, one of the Popes issued a bull against the Blood Libel since the only other Sixtus it could be was Sixtus IV who instituted the Inquisition)

1886: A bail of $300 was set yesterday in the Essex Market Police Court for Wolf Bloom a 26 year old Russian Jew who is charged with violating the Sunday “closing laws.”

1886: Henry L. Sayles is scheduled to go on trial in the Court of General Sessions for his role of alleged financial improprieties surrounding the Broadway Surface Railroad in New York.

1888: Attendance at Poole Theatre fell off markedly tonight following the withdrawal of support of the production by the Jewish Order of the Harp of David,

1889(23rd of Tishrei, 5650): Simchat Torah

1889: In Hamilton, Ohio, Rose and Samuel Hurst gave birth to Fannie Hurst, the St. Louis educated novelist who wrote Imitation Of Life

1890: Mayor Grant responded to a request by a committee led by Samuel Roeder for the appointment of Coroner Ferdinand Levy to one of the vacant Police Justiceships by expressing doubt that such a vacancy existed but adding that even if one did he would not fill it until after the elections had been held.

1891: It was reported today that “Count Koffsky, the Cossack Chief of Police whose brutalities in evicting the poor Jews of Moscow last March shocked the whole world has been” accused of being part of a forgery ring involving 200,000 rubles.

1893: “Otto Irving Wise’s Candidacy” published today provided background information on the Republican nominee for the Assemblyman in the 21st District including the fact that he is the son of Dr. Aaron Wise, the rabbi at Rodolph Shalom, the brother of Stephen S. Wise, the rabbi at Madison Avenue Synagogue and the editor of The Hebrew World

1894: The Jockey Club purchased Baron Hirsch's three year old English horse Matchbox for 18,000 English pounds

1894: The Lexow Committee which had already heard testimony from Senator Cantor and from Jewish soda water peddlers on the Lower East Side continued its hearings into charges of corruption in the New York City Police Department.

1894: A circular printed in Hebrew advertising a meeting of Republicans in New Haven to be held tonight when translated revealed “a bitter attack on the Irish and requesting the Russians to turn out to the mass meeting and denounce the Irish.” (The Republicans canceled the meeting for fear of trouble.)

1896: German Lutheran missionary Johann Ludwig Schneller, the founder of Jerusalem’s Schneller Orphanage passed away

1896: In London, operetta composer Victor Hallaender and his wife gave birth to German film composer Friedrich Hollaender.

1898(2nd of Cheshvan, 5659): David Levi, who fought in the Italian wars of independence and whose literary efforts included “Il Profeta,” a five act drama set in the final days of the First Temple, passed away today.

1898(2nd of Cheshvan, 5659): Eighty-nine year old Ralph Disraeli, the son Isaac D’Israeli passed away today in Yorkshire.

1898: Herzl has an audience with Wilhelm II in Constantinople.

1898: Louis Selig, Director of the Hebrew Charities in Detroit is scheduled to be one of the speakers at the Civic-Philanthropic Conference that opens today in Battle Creek, Michigan.

1898: United States takes possession of Puerto Rico.

1902: Herzl begins his trip to London in search of support for the Jewish homeland.

1902:  Inaugural service of the Jewish Religious Union which led to the formation of the Liberal Jewish Movement.

1902(17th of Tishrei, 5663): Shabbat Chol HaMoed Sukkoth

1902(17th of Tishrei, 5663): Reuben Asher Braudes, the Wilna born Hebrew author whose novels included The Repentant, Religion and Life and The Morning Light and editor of the Yiddish weekly Yedhudit passed away today in Vienna.

1903: Hedwig Bergman, the daughter of Rabbi Adolf Rosenzweig and Rabbi Juda Bergman gave birth to physicist Ernst David Bergman, “the father of the Israeli nuclear program.”

1903: Birthdate of Zygmund William Birnbaum a native of Lwów, Austria-Hungary who gain fame as Bill Birnbaum, Professor of mathematics and statistics at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington.

1904: Birthdate of Chaim Shirman an Israeli scholar of medieval Spanish Jewish poetry who passed away in 1981.

1904: Birthdate of screenwriter Hans Wilhelm “who was forced to emigrate after the Nazi takeover in 1933” because of his “Jewish heritage.”

1905: Birthdate of New York native and CCNY graduate Samuel Perlman who served as a Rabbi in Bayonne, NJ and Quincy, MA and the Director of the Hebrew Home for Orphans and Aged of Hudson County before passing away in 1975;

1905: This marked the first day of what was the blackest week in Russian Jewish history until the Holocaust. The Black Hundreds and other bands of reactionary, anti-Semites were formed during and after the Russian Revolution of 1905.  They alleged that the Jews were responsible for Russia’s many military, economic and political ills. These government sanctioned militias killed hundreds of Jews and injured thousands more. Over forty thousand homes and shops were destroyed in one week of rioting. 1905: Start of a Pogrom in Rostov.

1907: In Frankfurt am Main, Amalia Margarethe Mandello, (Seligsohn) a teacher;  and  Herrmann Mandello, who  worked in a department store gave birth to Johanna Mandello Mandello  who gained fame as photographer Jeanne Mandello.

1908(23rd of Tishrei, 5669): Simchat Torah

1908: When Israel Zangwill’s “The Melting Pot” opened today in Chicago it was declared an “immediate success” and ran for three weeks.

1910(15th of Tishrei, 5671): Sukkoth

1910: Birthdate of Morris Kertzer, the Canadian born rabbi who earned a bronze start for bravery during the Battle of Anzio and who became an active leader in the move to improve relations between Christians and Jews after the war.

1911: It was reported today thatJames Loeb, the banker, who retired from the firm of Kuhn, Loeb Co, a few years ago, has made arrangements for the translation into English and publication at his own expense of the classical authors of all periods.”  The volumes in question were originally written in Latin or Greek. Professor Salomon Reinach, the French archaeologist and intellectual (who happens to be Jewish) brought the need for this project to Mr. Loeb’s attention.  Details are not available at this time because Mr. Loeb is traveling.

1911(26th of Tishrei, 5672): Michael Cadison a native of Lithuania and the son of Joseph Ezra Cadison and Ida Yenta Kadison and the husband of Fannie Anne (Frume Sheina) Cadison passed away today in Pittsburgh, PA.

1912(1st of Cheshvan, 5673): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan and Shabbat

1912(1st of Cheshvan, 5673): “Communal worker” Levin Fredman passed away today a Stoke, Deonport.

1912: The First Balkan War begins.  When the war ended Salonica, with its large Jewish population that numbered approximately 60,000 souls would be detached from the Ottoman Empire and became part of Greece.  There was concern among the Jewish population about how they would be affected by the change.  The new Greek government moved to gain support among the Jews and was one of the first supporters of the Balfour Declaration when it was issued in 1917.

1913: “The Girl from Utah” a Paul Rubens’ musical “opened at the Adelphi Theatre in London” today where it “had an initial run of 195 performances” after which Charles Frohman would produce a successful American version in 1914.

1914: During World War I, The Yorkshire Herald, an English newspaper, reported on the Czar’s awarding the Cross of St. George to a Jewish soldier named Leo Osnas by that his display of bravery “has won freedom for the Jews in Russia; he has gained for his race the right to become officers in the Russian army and navy, hitherto denied them, and he has so delighted the Russian government that it has since proclaimed that henceforth Jews in the Empire shall enjoy the full rights of citizenship.  Surely no man’s winning the Victoria Cross ever resulted in such magnificent results for a subject people as this.”  As Martin Gilbert points, the Herald went a bit too far in its praise since under the Czars the Jews never attained full citizenship nor did the persecution ever stop.

1915: “Wilson’s Pledge to Jews” published today quotes Simon Wolfe as saying that “he had” a letter from Woodrow Wilson “in which the President said that when the time should come for the making of another treaty with Russia ‘none shall be granted by the Government of which I am President unless the Jews are given full rights.’”

1915: It was reported today that Dr. Samuel Bettelheim, the editor and proprietor of the Hungarian Jewish News of Budapest said he had “come to New York because it is the biggest and greatest Jewish center in all history” and “it is here that a world-wide movement should start” that will guarantee the rights of the Jews of Rumania and Russia after the war, as well as ensuring the growth of the Jewish community in Palestine.

1915: “Lashes Atlanta Churches” published today described the farewell sermon Dean John R. Atkinson who has resigned from St. Philip’s Episcopal Cathedral spoke disparagingly of the houses of worship in Atlanta say that the “Jews” were “the most people” he met while in the city.

1915: It was reported today that Rabbi Stephen S. Wise told those attending a mass meeting held to protest the Ottoman treatment of the Armenians that he was there “not an opponent of Turkey nor as a champion of Armenia but to protest against inhumanity, whether committed by Germans against Belgians, by Russians against Jews or by Turks against Armenians.” Instead he was there to call upon Germany and Austria to work to end “the Armenian atrocities.”

1915: “All Europe Crave Peace Says Bernstein” published today included the first-hand report by Herman Bernstein of conditions in the war zone including the observation that he “found that the Jewish people was the most tragic victim of the war.  In Russia the Jews were crucified during the war in Russian fashion.  For their military defeats on the battlefield the Russian authorities made military pogroms against their own peaceful Jewish population. In Austria, where the Jews even though economically wretched, enjoyed equal rights and freedom, where the Jews have fought bravely and loyally, they have now been deprived of many of their rights.”

1916: “Rabbi Rudolph Grossman, President of the New York Board of Hewish Ministers and Rabbi Bernard Drachman, President of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations…issued statements” today “denouncing Meyer London for his attack” on “ex-Judge Leon Sanders, his opponent for Congress in the Twelfth District” in which London reportedly referred to his opponent as a “cheap Tammany kosher-ham sandwich politician.”

1917: It was reported today that in giving their consent to hold the upcoming Special Assembly of Jews In America at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, the Trustees were breaking traditions that had existed for 250 years which is further proof that “this special assembly is the most important national gathering of Jews since the European war began and the most important event to Jewry since the entry of the United States entry into the war.”

1919: In Fort Dodge, Iowa, Samuel and Daisy Lumelsky Rabiner gave birth to France E. “Francie” Cohen.

1919: A pogrom began at Ivankiv, a town the Ukrainian district of Kiev. This was part of a series of pogroms that racked the Ukraine during 1919 during the Civil War that found the Whites, the Cossacks and the Reds battling for control of what had been the Russian Empire.

1920: Birthdate of actress and political activist Melina Mercouri, the wife of movie director Jules Dassin who was a victim of the infamous Hollywood Blacklist.

1923: Birthdate of Ukrainian born American director Boris Sagal

1926: In Paris, Sholom Schwartzbard goes on trial for allegedly having assassinated Symon Petliura the Ukrainian leader who played a leading role in the pogroms during which Schwartzbard’s family was wiped out.  Despite the fact that Schwartzbard had in fact shot him, a jury would acquit him after an eight day trial.

1926: U.S. premiere of “The Eagle of the Sea,” a silent film produced by B.P. Schulberg and co-starring Florence Vidor, the future wife of Jascha Heifitz.

1927(22nd of Tishrei, 5688): Shemini Atzertz

1927: Sholem Schwartzbar is scheduled go on trial in Paris today for the assassination  of General Simon Petlura who was responsible for the slaughter in Kiev in 1919 that claimed the lives of 50,000 Jews.

1927:  Columbia Broadcasting System went on the air. This radio network lost money in its first year, and two years later it was purchased by William S. Paley, the son of Jewish cigar manufacturer from Philadelphia.

1927: Birthdate of Marvin Joseph Rotblatt, a left-handed relief pitcher who toiled for the Chicago White Sox for “three seasons in the late 1940s and early 1950’s” (As reported by Richard Goldstein)

1928: Birthdate of Jack Weinstein the native of Saint Francis, Kansas who was award the Medal of Honor “for courageous actions during combat operations in Kumsong, South Korea, on October 19, 1951.”

1929: Birthdate of New Jersey state Democratic political leader Byron Baer who passed away in June, 2007. “In 2005, shortly before he retired from the Senate, the New Jersey Association of Jewish Federations presented Baer with the Shem Tov and Distinguished Service awards. Jeffrey Maas, then executive director of the association, said Baer was responsible for making sure Jewish community centers, nursing homes, and social service agencies received extensive state funding.”

1933: The Mortimer L. Schiff Scout Reservation was officially dedicated today. “The Mortimer L. Schiff Scout Reservation, located in central New Jersey, was a major Boy Scout training facility for almost 50 years. It was named after Mortimer L. Schiff, the father of John M. Schiff; both of whom were World Scout Committee members and notable early Boy Scouts of America (BSA) leaders. The land was purchased for the BSA by Mrs. Jacob Schiff in memory of her son, Mortimer, who died while President of the BSA in 1931… When the Mortimer L. Schiff Scout Reservation was closed, Nassau County Council's Camp Wauwepex in Wading River, New York was renamed as the John M. Schiff Scout Reservation, in honor of Moritmer's son, John.”

1933: Birthdate of Irwin Mark Jacobs the Cornell University electrical engineer who co-founded Qualcomm.

1934: U.S. premiere of “Man of Aran,” a “British fictional documentary” produced by Michael Balcon.

1934: “An exchange agreement to facilitate the importation of Palestinian oranges into Germany has been devised by the Anglo-Palestine Bank of London and Tel Aviv and the banking firm of M.M. Warburg & Co. in Hamburg.”  The agreement will “enable Germany to buy about three million dollars worth of Jaffa oranges during the coming year…”

1935(21st of Tishrei, 5696): Hoshana Raba

1935: The German government introduces the anti-Semitic Law for the Protection of the Hereditary Health of the German People.

1936: “A Detroit all-star soccer team…held the Maccabees of Tel Aviv…to a 2 to 2 tie before 10,000 spectators at the University of Detroit stadium.”

1936: At the Free Synagogue, meeting in Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “The Truth About Palestine: Britain, Arab, Jew.”

1936: In “Berdyaev’s Philosophy of Human Destiny” published today John Cournos provided a reviews of The Meaning of History by Nicolas Berdyaev the Christian philosopher who “credits the Jews with being the first people to contribute the concept of ‘historical’ to world history” saying that the Jews not only “grasped the significance of the past present; they were also the first people to link these up with the future” as can be seen “in Daniel’s interpretation  of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream” which “Berdyaev sees as the first attempt in the history of mankind to attribute a design to history…”

1936: At the Jewish Science Society, Rabbi Morris Lichtenstein is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “How to Banish Fear” this morning.

1936: “Between the beginning of 1933 and July 1, 1936, the Jewish population of Germany decreased from approximately 517,000 persons to about 405,000 persons according to figures sent by Michael Traub of Berlin, director of the Palestine Foundation Fund of Germany, to the United States Appeal’ and made public today.

1936: In Philadelphia  “An appeal to this country to be on guard ‘against those who would pit one religious or racial group against another’ was voiced tonight by the Governor of Pennsylvania who spoke at the opening session of the annual convention of Hadassah” which is being attended by 1,200 delegates and “several hundred guests’

1936: The SS Excalibur of the American Exports line unloaded it cargo at Tel Aviv, making it the first American ship to use the newly built port facilities at the first “all Jewish metropolis”

1937, The Palestine Post reported that renewed Arab terror claimed three more Jewish victims, while violence continued throughout the country. One Arab assailant was killed in the Old City of Jerusalem. In Ness Ziona an 11-year-old Yemenite boy, Eliahu Sherabi, was fatally shot in the head while sleeping in his house. Jewish buses were shot at and armed Arabs attacked workers of the Palestine Quarries near Motza. Arabs had also attacked Kibbutz Ramat Rahel, where the children's house became their main target. In Jerusalem, an Orthodox Jew, Shmuel Guttman, was stabbed five times in the Mea She' street, near the Sheller compound, by an Arab who escaped. The town was under night curfew for more than a week.

1937: Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered an address on “Problems of Youth” at a luncheon at the Hotel Astor.  The luncheon is the opening event of a campaign by the Women’s League for Palestine to raise $100,000 to build “a home for immigrant girls in Jerusalem.”  Mayor La Guardia will also address the gathering while Dr. Stephen S. Wise and Rabbia Israel H. Leinthal will open the dirve.

1937: As Arab violence continued to grow, a gang of terroirsts attacked the Jewish settlement at Artuf in southern Palestine and a band of twenty armed Arabs “attacked the Baharieh police post between Hebron and Beersheba” and made off with weapons belonging to the British police.

1938(23rd of Tishrei, 5699): Simchat Torah

1938: During his third visit to Germany, Charles Lindbergh attends a dinner at the U.S. embassy in Berlin. Hermann Göring presents him with the Service Cross of the German Eagle with Star, also known as the Order of the German Eagle (Verdienstorden vom Deutschen Adler).Personally created by Adolf Hitler, this is the highest honor which the Nazi government can give to a foreigner and was last presented to Henry Ford two months earlier.

1938: “The German government expeled 12,000 Polish Jews living in Germany; the Polish government accepts 4,000 and refuses admittance to the remaining 8,000, who are forced to live in the no-man's land on the German-Polish frontier.

1938: With Jerusalem under a virtual state of siege because of the worst outbreak of Arab violence since 1929, the British declared a state of virtual martial law and sent troops into the Old City aimed at driving out the “rebel bands.”  “The Mufti of Jerusalem, leader of the rebellious Moslems, declared from exile in Syria, that the Arab peace terms included an independent Ara state and an end to Jewish immigration into Palestine.

1939: In Poland, Arthur Weissmann, the brother of Holocaust survivor and author Gerda Weissmann complied with the German summons to register for military service and was never seen again.

1941: When it appeared that the Germans might defeat the Red Army outside Moscow, Chaim Kaplan the director of Hebrew school in Warsaw wrote in his diary, “a Nazi victory means complete annihilation, morally and materially, for all the Jews of Europe.”

1941: Mass executions of Soviet Jews in Borisov, Byelorussia, 50 miles east of Minsk, Byelorussia, are carried out by an Einsatzkommando (special killing squads) following a night of celebration by German troops.

1942: The Nazis gassed 1,594 deportees from Holland at Auschwitz.

1943: Pope Pius explained his failure to speak out against the Nazi deportation of the Jews of Rome.  He told Harold Tittman, the United States representative to the Vatican that a “demonstrative censure” might provoke a class with the SS “that could benefit only the Communists.”

1944(1st of Cheshvan, 5705): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1944: Seven hundred Plaszów, Poland, camp deportees are sent from the Gross-Rosen, Germany, camp to Brünnlitz in the Sudetenland. Oskar Schindler, owner of a newly opened munitions factory in Brünnlitz, persuades the SS to give him all 700 Jews for use as workers. Schindler also makes arrangements to have 300 Jewish women transferred from Auschwitz to his factory.

1944: As the Red Army drives toward Berlin, the Soviet Union invades Czechoslovakia. This would help to lead to Soviet control of Czechoslovakia after the war; a fact that proved oddly beneficial to Israel when it was fighting for its independence.  The Israelis had no aircraft.  There was a store of surplus ME-109’s in Czechoslovakia. The Soviets gave the Czechs permission to sell the planes to the Jews which meant that the first fighter craft flown by the Israelis in May of 1948 were planes left over from the Luftwaffe.

1944(1st of Cheshvan, 5705): Eva Heyman and Gisi Fleischmann, head of the women's Zionist movement in pre-war Slovakia were murdered at Birkenau.

1944(1st of Cheshvan, 5705): Forty-six year old composer, conductor and pianist Viktor Ullman was gassed today at Auschwitz-Birkenau

1944: “The Master Race” a film about post-war plans to continue the Nazi dream directed and written by Herbert Biberman was released to ay RKO.

1945: “The Seventh Veil” a “melodrama” with music by Benjamin Frankel was released in the United Kingdom today.

1945: Nazi war crimes trials opened in Nuremberg, Germany. This week marked the appearance of The Nuremberg Interviews edited by Robert Gellately. The book is a collection of the interviews conducted by a Dr. Leon Goldensohn, a U.S. Army psychiatrist.  He was assigned by the Army to interview the defendants and the witnesses at the Nuremberg War Crime Trials.  His detailed notes which have been annotated and edited by Professor Gellately provide a chilling window into the minds of those who made the Holocaust.

1946: In Toronto, Bernice (née Ash) and Mac Shore gave birth to Oscar winning composer Howard Leslie Shore.

1946: In Jerusalem, Rabbi Ovadia Yosef and his wife gave birth to Rabbi and MK Ya’akov Yosef.

1947: In three separate incidents seen as part of the work of Jewish fighters seeking to end British rule in Palestine, a British army truck “was blow up by a mine just west of Petah Tikva injuring two soldiers, “another army truck hit two mines near Benyaminia” without any casualties and an RAF jeep “ran over a mine on the road near Hadera wrecking the Jeep” without any casualties.

1947: Birthdate of songwriter Laura Nyro.  She passed away in 1997.

1947: “Several …banners with legends such as ‘Don’t dissect our counrty’ and ‘Remember the Warsaw ghetto’ went up on the wire in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem this afternoon.”

1948(15th of Tishrei, 5709): For the first time in almost 2,000 years Jews celebrate Sukkoth in their own country.

1948: Gertrude Berg made her television debut as Bronx housewife Molly Goldberg on NBC's Chevrolet on Broadway in 1948. The Goldbergs began running as a comedy series on NBC radio in 1929 and became one of television's earliest and most popular situation comedies beginning in 1949. Berg produced and scripted the shows and portrayed Molly Goldberg, the family matriarch. Each show offered audiences a pleasant, often comical portrayal of the life of a second-generation Jewish American family. Assimilation into American culture was a prominent theme throughout the series with the last season incorporating the family's move from their Bronx apartment to a fictitious suburb. After the series' cancellation in 1955, Berg went on to win a Tony Award in 1959 for her work in the Broadway comedy A Majority of One by Leonard Spigelgass (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archives)

1950: In Brooklyn Lola (née Liska) Schleifer and textile manufacturer Morris Wasserstein gave birth to Tony Award winning playwright Wendy Wasserstein, the author of “The Heidi Chronicles.”

1951(18th of Tishrei, 5712): David Cohen, the husband of Eva Cohen and the father of Aaron Cohen passed away today after which he was buried in the Ahavas Sholom Congregation Cemetery in Baltimore County, MD.

1954: Texas Instruments introduces the first transistor radio. “The transistor was invented and patented in the 1920s by Julius Edgar Lilienfeld. Its re-invention some twenty years later earned Bell Telephone Laboratories the Nobel Prize, but Bell Labs was forced to abandon all patent claims to the field-effect transistor (which completely dominates modern electronics) because of Lilienfeld's prior work.” 

1954: "The Week in Religion" aired for the last time over Dumont television. First broadcast in March 1952, this ecumenical Sunday evening panel show divided the hour into 20-minute segments each for Protestant, Catholic and Jewish news.

1954: George Pirkis Kidd began serving as the first Canadian Ambassador to Israel.

1964: Ed Sullivan alleged that Jewish comedian had given him the finger during tonight’s show – a claim that Mason denied and which led to his ban from the leading variety show and a lawsuit which Mason won.

1965: Al Silverman, editor of Sport magazine was the maters of ceremonies at today’s luncheon at Cavanaugh’s Restaurant where Sandy Koufax was award the Corvette the “magazine presents each year to the outstanding performer in the World Series.”

1967: MGM released “Far from the Madding Crowd” directed by John Schlesinger with a script by Frederic Raphael.

1970: Final performance of “Steambath,” “second play by Bruce Jay Friedman that had opened “off-Broadway at the Truck and Warehouse Theatre in June of 1970.

1973 (22nd of Tishrei, 5734): Shemini Atzeres

1973 (22nd of Tishrei, 5734): Seventy-four year German-born American philosopher, Leo Strauss, passed away.

1973: Major Asa Kadmoni was awarded the Medal of Valor for the extraordinary courage he displayed  “fought a large enemy force while surrounded in the Sinai” today.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, the Israelis were able to finally put a pre-fabricated bridge across the Suez Canal.  Moving the bridge into position and actually using it to span the Canal was a costly operation.  One hundred IDF soldiers died in the attempt with forty-one dying in a single night.  The bridge made it easier to move tanks across the Canal but there was no lightening quick strike as had been seen in 1956 and 1967.  In fact, if the Egyptians had pressed home their advantage while the bridge was being put in place, the whole plan would have ended in failure.  This is another example of how much the Yom Kippur War was “a near run thing.”

1973: Guri Palter and Itzhak Bar’am were taken prisoner after ejecting from their F-4E Phantom Jet that had fallen victim to an Egyptian SAM.

1973: Doron Shalev and Yosef Lev-Ari were taken prisoner after ejecting from their F-4E Phantom Jet that had fallen victim to an Egyptian SAM.

1973: The half-track in which Eliezer Kalina was riding was hit by Syrian gunfire killing the two other occupants and leaving Kalina so gravely wounded that his leg had to be amputated. He overcame adversity to form a volleyball team which he led to three gold medals and one silver medal at the Paralympic Games.

1973: During the Yom Kippur war, Colonel Giora "Hawkeye" Epstein went on a two day spree in which he downed 17 enemy aircraft.

1973: The Mad Adventures of Rabbi Jacob (Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob) a French-Italian comedy film directed by Gérard Oury was released today in France and Italy.

1974: After two years of negotiations over the proposed Jackson-Vanick Amendment, Secretary Henry Kissinger and Senator Henry Jackson exchanged a series of letters that would pave the way for Jews to leave the Soviet Union in large numbers with relatively little impediment.

1974: “Airport 1975” a sequel to the 1970 disaster movie featuring Norman Fell, Jerry Stiller, Sid Caesar, and Larry Storch was released today.

1976: Refusniks who had been detained after staging a sit-in demonstration in the Supreme Soviet “were taken into the woods and released” this evening.

1981: Publication of “How Clifford Odets Spent His last Desperate Days” by Margaret Brenman-Gibson

1981: ABC broadcast the first episode of season 4 of Taxi created by James L. Brooks and Ed Weinberger and co-starring Judd Hirsch and Andy Kaufman.

1982(1st of Cheshvan, 5743): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1982(1st of Cheshvan, 5743): French political leader and former Premier, Pierre Mendès France passed away.  Political accomplishments aside, Mendes France may be best remembered for his choice of beverages.  Convinced that the French drank too much wine, Mendes France made a point of drinking milk in public.  When he first appeared on the American news program Meet the Press, a class of milk was prominently placed next to the French leader much to the delight of the interviewers.

1984(22nd of Tishrei, 5745): Shemini Atzeret

1986(15th of Tishrei): Sukkoth

1987(25th of Tishrei, 5748): Eighty-seven year old Philip Levine, the renowned pathologist who is the namesake of the “Philip Levine Award” passed away today.(As reported by Peter Flint)

1987: “In Jerusalem of the 1800’s” published today, Nitza Rosovsky, curator of the exhibits at the Harvard Semitic Museum and author of Jerusalem Walks provides a virtual walking of Jerusalem highlighting the history of the city by referencing various architectural gems

1988: Israel's supreme court upheld the ban on Meir Kahane`s Kach Party as racist.

1988 ((7 Cheshvan 5749): Bar Mitzvah of Aharon Mordechai Rokeach the only child and heir of the current Rebbe of Belz, Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach. Born in Jerusalem, Israel, he was named after his father's uncle, Rabbi Aharon Rokeach, the fourth Belzer Rebbe, and his father's father, Rabbi Mordechai of Bilgorai.

1988: In Waterford, CT, premiere of “Italian American Reconciliation” co-starring Helen Hanft.

1988: ABC broadcast the first episode of “Roseanne,” starring Roseanne Barr.

1990: "O you beloved Spain, ‘mother’ we call you, and throughout our lives we will not forget your sweet language. Even though you have expelled us as a stepmother from your womb, we have not stopped loving you as our holy ground, where our ancestors are buried and where the ashes of thousands of tormented and burned still lie..." Haham Solomon Gaon quoted at the ceremony of the Prince of Asturias Concord Award, Oviedo, Spain.

1990: “Once on This Island” “a one-act musical with a book and lyrics by Lynn Ahrens” opened on Broadway today at the Booth Theatre.

1992(21st of Tishrei, 5753): Hoshana Raba

1992: Seventy-six year old Abraham Manie “Abe” Adelstein the son of Jews from Latvia who became the Chief Medical Statistician of the UK passed away today

1992(21s of Tishrei, 5753): Yoram Ben-Porath, the president of Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a leading Israeli economist, died today in an automobile accident. He was 55 years old. Also killed in the accident near the town of Eilat were his wife, Yael Cohen Ben-Porath, 42, a lecturer in the university's philosophy department, and their 5-year-old son, Yahali. Mr. Ben-Porath was named president of Hebrew University, Israel's largest and oldest, in 1990. He had previously served as its rector. He received his doctorate from Harvard and was known for his research on surveys and random sampling. During the 1980's he was active in the Israeli political movement Peace Now, which favors conciliation with the Arabs.

1994: “Shrunken Heads” a horror film directed by Richard Elfman with music by Danny Elfman was released in the United States today.

1996: “Swingers” a comedy-drama directed and filmed Doug Liman was released today in the United States.

1998: The New York Times book section included a review of The Microsoft File: The Secret Case Against Bill Gates by Jewish author Wendy Goldman Rohm.

2001: U.S. premiere of “The Grey Zone,” a film based on Auschwitz: A Doctor's Eyewitness Account written by Dr. Miklós Nyiszli co-starring Harvey Keitel and produced by Avi Lerner.

2002(12th of Cheshvan, 5763): Eighty-eight year old producer Frank Rosenbeg passed away today. (As reported by Elaine Woo)

2002:  Congregation Har Sinai, a congregation that traces its origins to pre-Civil War Baltimore began the dedication of its new facility in Owings Mills, MD

2003(22nd of Tishrei, 5764): Shemini Atzeret

2003: A revised version of “Mourning Becomes Electra “an opera in 3 acts by composer Marvin David Levy” “premiered at the Seattle Opera today.

2004: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jews including Chain of Command: The Road From 9/11 to Abu Ghraib by Seymour M. Hersh and The Five Books of Moses: A Translation With Commentary by Robert Alter  

2004: The Jewish Women's Archive joined with National Women's Philanthropy of the United Jewish Communities for an historic celebration of 350 years of American Jewish community. The evening showcased Jewish women, of the past and the present, whose boldness, vision, and hard work have shaped the American and the American Jewish life. Part of the International Lion of Judah conference in Washington, D.C., the event was attended by more than 1,200 women from across the United States. An extraordinary group of contemporary women of achievement were brought together for this evening to reflect upon their own work and careers within the historical context of 350 years of Jewish women creating community in North America. Honorees included Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Ruth Bader Ginsburg; Representative Shelley Berkley; communal leaders Shoshana Cardin, Amy Friedkin, Carole Solomon, and Linda Rae Sher; artist Judy Chicago; actress Tovah Feldshuh; composers Debbie Friedman and Elizabeth Swados; cookbook author Joan Nathan; authors and activists Blu Greenberg, Ruth Gruber, and Letty Cottin Pogrebin; Rabbi Sally J. Priesand; and Barnard College President Judith Shapiro.

2005: Matt Bloom unsuccessfully challenged Satoshi Kojima for the AJPW Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship.

2005: The Icon Festival, a celebration of science fiction and the imagination is held yearly during the Hol Hamoed period of Sukkoth began today at the Tel Aviv Cinematheque.

2006: The exhibition "Israel - Art and Life 1906-2006," curated by Amnon Barzel, opens at the Palazzo Reale in Milan. Much like the exhibition "The New Hebrews," curated by Dorit Levita around a year ago in Berlin, this exhibition also attempts to survey 100 years of Israeli art. The exhibition features the works of 35 artists from the Bezalel era through the young generation of contemporary artists.

2006: French Jewish director’s O Jerusalem a film version of the history written thirty years ago by Collins and Lapierre premiered in Paris, France.

2006: Edah HaChareidis organized this evening’s demonstration in Jerusalem that was a protest against the upcoming “Gay Pride” parade.

2006: The Magpie Murders by Anthony Horowitz was not released to the public today as previously announced.

2007: The Center for Jewish History presents a screening of the documentary On My Way to Fathers Land a 1995 Hebrew Language film with English subtitles directed by Aner PremingerThe filmmaker brings his father back to his native Vienna as part of a quest to understand his history as an Austrian, a Jew, a communist, and a Zionist. Following the screening, Matti Bunzl, Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois leads a discussion about the movie.

2007(6th of Cheshvan, 5768): Sixty-nine year old British writer and satirist Alan Coren whose children Giles, born in 1969 and Victoria born in 1973 followed in his professional footsteps, passed away today.

2007: Limmud FSU, the largest Jewish studies and cultural event ever to take place in Russia opened in Moscow. Limmud is a unique volunteer-run organization designed to build community, foster learning, and offer exciting, interactive programs for Jews of all shapes and ranging from Jewish learning and discussions to performance arts to nature walks and singing. The first Limmud began approximately 25 years ago as an annual, volunteer-driven event in Nottingham, England. In recent years, Limmud’s events have been recognized as a "best practice" of Jewish life and have spread across the global Jewish community. There are currently 11 Limmuds around the world, spanning 4 continents.” Limmud comes from the Hebrew word meaning “to learn.”

2008: On the fifth day of the 24th Haifa International Film festival, screenings of a variety of films including “A Jumpin Night in the Garden of Eden,” a 1980’s film that was the first cinematic effort to document the American Kletzmer revival.

2009 (30 Tishrei, 5770): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan I

2009: This afternoon the Open Door Reading Series at the Writer's Center in Bethesda, MD presents a reading by Gail Collins from "Words that Burn Within Me: Faith, Values, Survival," a book of poetry and prose by the late Hilda Stern Cohen. Werner Cohen, Hilda Cohen's widower, will offer a preface to the event relating his discovery of his wife's journal after her death.

2009: The Los Angeles Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Chronic City” by Jonathan Lethem and an hitherto unpublished short story by Kurt Vonnegut appearing in his latest work "Look at the Birdie"

2009: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity” by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen and “Manhood For Amateurs” by Michael Chabon and the recently released paperback edition of “Writing In The Dark” a collection essays by David Grossman, the Israeli novelist and peace advocate who defends the necessity of literature in a violent world.

2009: The Washington Post features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Enemies of the People: My Family's Journey to America” by Kati Marton

2009: In Washington D.C., opening night of Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival

2009: In an opinion piece published today in The Times and Democrat newspaper, Bamberg County GOP Chairman Edwin Merwin and Orangeburg County Chairman James Ulmer defended the fiscal policies of U.S. Senator Jim DeMint, by saying he was "like Jews who are wealthy got that way not by watching dollars, but instead by taking care of the pennies and the dollars taking care of themselves."

2010: In an interview published today, author Stacy Schiff talked about growing up in Adams, Massachusetts.

2010: Michal Govrin, author of Hold on to the Sun is scheduled to appear at the Library of Congress as part of the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival in Washington, DC. “Israeli author and poet Govrin, recently named by Paris’ Salon du Livre one of the most influential international writers of the past thirty years, received the Kugel Literary Prize in Israel. Her newest work, a collection of fiction and autobiographical stories, spans her life as a writer. Throughout these essays and stories, Govrin explores sudden fractures in the flow of reality that reveal the mystical moments of revelation underlying daily life. Born in Tel Aviv, Michal Govrin is the daughter of an Israeli pioneer father and a mother who survived the Holocaust. After obtaining her Ph.D. in theater studies from the University of Paris, Govrin moved back to Israel where she became one of the country’s most prominent writers, an award-winning poet, and a theater director. Govrin has published nine books of poetry and fiction.”

2010: In an article entitled “Confessions of An Agent” published in Sports Illustrated, Josh Luchs “a dyslexic Jewish kid” tells how he used $2,500 of his bar mitzvah money to pay a college player in violation of NCAA rules in hopes that he would become a client of Luchs.  In the article Luchs gives detailed accounts of the various players he would illegally pay during his twenty year career.

2010: General Staff Forum members gathered this morning at the Rabin Center to mark 15 years since the assassination of former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. "Rabin is not with us today, but his spirit and legacy continue to guide us, and with that his hope that there will be an equal, united, and inventive society here. We return here today knowing that this torch of hope...is in secure and good hands, and [we're here] in the belief that it will remain in such hands in the future," IDF Chief of General Staff Lt.-Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi said at the ceremony, which was held in the presence of head of the Rabin Center and daughter of the late prime minister, Dalia Rabin, and his sister, Rachel Yaakov Rabin.

2010: The New York Times featured a review of Claude Levi-Strauss: The Poet in His Laboratory by Patrick Wilcken

2010: A memorial service honoring the late William Coblentz one San Francisco’s most ardent champions of major civic projects and one of its most influential attorneys is scheduled to be held at the Herbst Theatre.

2010: A website providing information on over 20,000 works of art stolen by the Nazis from their Jewish owners during the 1930s and 1940s was launched today. Much of the artwork featured on the website which includes paintings by the likes of Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall and Gustav Klimt has never been restored to the original owners. Berlin museum exhibition views Hitler's hold on Germans. The website was created by the New York-based Conference of Jewish Material Claims Against Germany and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC with the aim of facilitating the repatriation of the looted property. "Most people think or thought that most of these items were repatriated or restituted," Wesley A. Fisher, director of research at the Claims Conference, was quoted by AP as saying. "It isn't true. Over half of them were never repatriated. That in itself is rather interesting historically." ,Marc Masurovsky, the project's director at the museum, said the database was designed to evolve as new information is gathered. "I hope that the families do consult it and tell us what is right and what is wrong with it," he added., Julius Berman, the chairman of the Claims Conference, said organizing Nazi art-looting records was a key step to righting an injustice." It is now the responsibility of museums, art dealers and auction houses to check their holdings against these records to determine whether they might be in possession of art stolen from Holocaust victims," he said. The website features a wide range of art with different histories of ownership. For instance, one painting in the database, A Harvest Scene by Dutch-French impressionist Camille Pissaro, whose father was Jewish, was found in 2007 in a safe owned by the deceased arts dealer of Nazi war criminal Hermann Goering. It is currently in the process of being reclaimed by the Rothschild family, its original owners. However, many other paintings on the website are on display at museums without owners while others - like the Pissarro piece before it was found at the Zurich safe two years ago - are still unaccounted for.

2011(20th of Tishrei, 5772): Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

2011(20th of Tishrei, 5772): Eight-nine year old Ruby Cohn, the academic who was the leading authority on Samuel Beckett, passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)


2011(20th of Tishrei, 5772): Norman Corwin, a producer and dramatist from the golden age of radio passed away today at the age of 101. (As reported by William Grimes)


2011: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to co-sponsor a screening of “The People v Leo Rank,” a film that “is both a…murder mystery and an insightful look at racial, religious, regional and class prejudices in the early years of the 20th century.”

2011: The Ballad of Shoe Dependency: Nan Goldin Shoots a New Ad Campaign for Jimmy Choo published today

2011: Rabbi Ita Paskind, the Assistant Rabbi of Olam Tikvah in Fairfax, Virginia, is scheduled to deliver the first in a series of lectures on “Aggadah's Influence in Development of Law in the Torah.”

2011: Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh called the release of over 1,000 Palestinian prisoners in exchange for the return of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit today a strategic turning point in Hamas’s struggle against Israel.

2012: The 96th Hadassah Convention is scheduled to come to an end in Jerusalem.

2012: Hayehudim, considered one of the most successful Rock bands in Israel, is scheduled to perform at B.B. King Blues Club & Grill

2012: Pianist Jeanne Golan is scheduled to perform the piano sonatas of Viktor Ullman under the sponsorship of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center

2012: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present a screening of “Everything is illuminated.”

2012: President Shimon Peres said today that the people of Iran should be encouraged to overthrow their government.

2012: A new centrist “super party,” bringing together former prime minister Ehud Olmert, former Kadima chair Tzipi Livni and popular political newcomer Yair Lapid, “is not going to happen,” Lapid said today.

2013: A screening of “Ghosts of the Third Reich” which “documents the stories of the descendants of the Nazis who confront their family’s past and communicate their most profound feelings of guilt by inheritance” is scheduled to take place today at the Library of Congress.

2013: In the UK, The Wiener Library is scheduled to present “Hitler’s Helpers: The Female Administrators of the Holocaust”

2013: Folk/Reggae/songwriting Rabbi Jack Gabriel is scheduled to lead a special Kabbalat Shabbat service at Kol Ami in Arlington, VA.

2013: “German Chancellor Angela Merkel called on Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to slow down settlement construction today. The Wall Street Journal quoted Merkel as saying following a meeting with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, "We call on Israel to opt for a restrained approach in its settlement policy. I have said this repeatedly in talks with Prime Minister Netanyahu, because we must not put at risk the talks." (As reported by JP staff)
 
2013: Scattered showers fell in northern Israel this morning, eventually making their way to Tel Aviv in the early afternoon. Temperatures fell considerably on Friday and the rain was accompanied by strong winds in some areas of the country.
 
2013(14th of Cheshvan, 5774): Ninety-one year old airline victims advocate Hans Ephraimson-Abt passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2013(14th of Cheshvan, 5774): Seventy-year old Norman Geras, Professor Emeritus of Politics at the University of Manchester and husband of Jerusalem born children’s author Adèle Geras passed away today.

2014(24th of Tishrei, 5775): On Shabbat the cycle is scheduled to begin again with “Bereshit.”

2014: Ninety-eight year old Chinese translator Stanley Shapiro passed away.

2014: Four-time Tony nominee Tovah Feldshuh is scheduled to recreate her award-winning performance as Golda Meir in “Golda’s Balcony” at the Victoria Theatre.

2014: “Palestinian Authority (PA) Chairman called Jews visiting the Temple Mount a "herd of cattle” today.” (As reported by Tova Dvorin)

2014: “Dozens of Israeli trekkers stranded by avalanches and snowstorms which killed at least 29 people — including three Israelis — in the Himalayas this week will be airlifted from the mountainous region of Annapurna today.

2014: “A senior Palestinian official called today for Washington to develop a strategy to simultaneously combat radical Islamism while working to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian dispute – following US secretary of state's remarks on the link between the two ongoing conflicts.”

2014: Louis Black is scheduled to appear the Seneca Allegany Casino in Salamanca, NY.

2015: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback editions of The Impossible Exile: Stefan Zweig at the End of the World by George Prochnick and PRO: Reclaiming Abortion Rights by Katha Pollit

2015: “Valley,” the first full length feature directed by French born Israeli Sophie Artus, is scheduled to be shown as the closing film at the 3rd Chelsea Film Festival.

2015: The Jewish Museum of London is scheduled to host a “Walking Tour of the Old Jewish East End including a visit to Sandys Row Synagogue.

2015: The Nebraska Jewish Historical Society is scheduled to host its annual meeting “The Boomer Years” this afternoon.

2015: The Jewish Genealogy Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host Leon Taranto speaking on the “History and Genealogy of the Jews of Rhodes and their Diaspora.”

2015: Still Engines, a conference scheduled to be held at Mishkenot Sha’ananim today, will address the subject of freedom of speech and public discourse

2015: “Thousands of people demonstrated in Rome, Paris and Madrid today in solidarity with Israel, as the Jewish state experiences weeks of escalating violence and daily terror attacks” including “the Chairman of the Italian Parliament’s Foreign Relations Committee” who “said that it is a moral duty to stand by Israel

2015: The ever-popular Maccabeates are scheduled to return to the JCCNV today for two performances.

2016(16th of Tishrei, 5777): Second Day of Sukkoth; For more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/

2016: “The CIC (Chinese in Iowa City) is scheduled to join members of the University of Iowa Hillel chapter to discuss autumn traditions.”

2016: The Israel Museum is scheduled to host its annual kite festival including “kite-making workshops and kite flying with the help of kite experts.”

2016: A revival of “Fiddler on the Roof” “featuring new movement and dance routines by Israeli choreographer Hofesh Schecter is scheduled to be performed at the Broadway Theatre.

 

 

 

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