415: Emperors Honorius and Thedosius II issued an edict deposing Rabin Gamliel IV as the Nasi “because he had disregarded an earlier decree by Honorius, which had curtailed his privileges and the ban on the building of new synagogues and had adjudicated disputes between Jews and Christians.”
1448: Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi is defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II. Murad is remembered favorably by the Jews since he allowed German Jews who were fleeing persecution and death to settle in Salonica. He also employed Jews as his court physicians. On the other hand, John Hunyadi enjoyed the support of the Italian Monk Jean de Capistrano who had previously convinced King Ludwig of Bavaria to expel his Jewish subjects. These two leaders would meet again a decade later during the siege of Belgrade with a different outcome. [Editor’s note – As you can see, conflicts between Moslems and Christians is not an invention of the 21st century]
1469: Ferdinand II of Aragon married Isabella of Castile. Their marriage led to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain. This rapacious duo would expel the Jews in 1492. While cloaking themselves in the Cross, they filled their pockets with stolen Jewish wealth.
1483: Pope Sixtus IV launched the
Spanish Inquisition, placing it under joint direction of the Church and state.
Despite his previous protest, Pope Sixtus
1532: Pope Clement
gave into Ferdinand's pressure and extended the authority of the Inquisition to
and Catalonia .
This consolidated the Inquisition under one central body under Torquemada.
Tomas de Torquemada, 63, was the Grand Inquisitor in charge of removing Jews
and Muslims from Valencia .
For those who are studying history in Spain you will find out that one of the oddities of
all this is that all of the major players – Ferdinand, Isabella and Torquemada
– descended from Conversos which means that those who led the Spanish
Inquisition had Jewish ancestors. Cedar
1700(4th of Cheshvan, 5461): Judah he-Hasid, an Ashkenazi rabbi who had made good on his call for Aliyah by leading 1,500 of his followers from Europe to Jerusalem passed away three days after they arrived at their destination.
1756: Birthdate of Isaac Abraham Euchel, the native of Copenhagen and nephew of Rabbi Masos Rintel who was one of the founders of the Haskalah movement
1762(30th of Tishrei, 5523): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
1762(30th of Tishrei, 5523): Sixty-three year old Samson Gideon, "one of the outstanding members of the London Jewish Community” and "a leader in the Parliamentary struggle to pass the Jews' Naturalization Act of 1753" passed away today after having contracted dropsy leaving £1000 of his £350,000 fortune to the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish congregation in London on condition he was buried with honor as a married man in their cemetery in Mile End.
1768: Birthdate of Israel Jacobson, the native of Halberstadt Germany who was a successful businessman, philanthropist and one of the founders of the Reform Movementhttp://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0011_0_09920.html
1775(23rd of Tishrei, 5536): Simchat Torah is celebrated for the first time since the Americans rebelled against the British.
1781: The Americans, with a lot
of help from the French, defeated Cornwallis at Yorktown. This victory ensured the creation of the
. For the most part, the small Jewish
population supported the patriot cause.
Of course the victory meant that the “last best hope of man” would
become a haven for the Jews of Europe United States
1793: Birthdate of Isaac Noah Mannheimer, the Copenhagen Talmudist and Rabbi who held a variety of posts in Denmark, Germany and Austria. A leader in the Reform Movement, he served as a representative in the Austrian Reichstag.
1794(23rd of Tishrei, 5555): Simchat Torah
1796(15th of Tishrei, 5557): Sukkoth
1801: In Paris Antoine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy and his wife gave birth to French journalist Samuel Ustazade Silvestre de Sacy.1808: With Napoleon's arrival at the Duchy of Warsaw, the new State parliament called for equal rights. Unfortunately this did not include the Jews whose rights “would be postponed for 10 years in the hope of eradicating all their distinctions which set them apart."
1810: On the day after his death, Reb Nachman of Bratslav was buried at Uman making it the destination for an annual pilgrimage for thousands of Chassidim.
1812: In the Netherlands, Branca and Hirschel Eliazer Kann gave birth to Jacob Kahn
1813(12rid of Tishrei, 5574): As the war between Great Britain and the United States drags into its second year, Jews on both side of the Atlantic celebrate Simchat Torah.
1830: Birthdate of Mortiz Ellinger, who emigrated to the United States from Bavaria in 1854 where he held several city government jobs while being active in the B’nai B’rith and editing The Menorah and The Jewish Times.
1831: Birthdate of Bernhardine Wetzlar.
1832(23rd of Tishrei, 5593): Simchat Torah
1832(23rd of Tishrei, 5593): Forty-six year old Moses Lemans, the Dutch born Jewish educator and author whose works including The Spirit of the Talmudic Lord and a biography of Maimonides, passed away today.
1835: Birthdate of Abraham Harkavy (Avraham Eliyahu ben Yaakov Harkavy), the Russian born Jewish historian and author. As an author, he was one of the first to write in Hebrew in modern times.
1841: In Charleston, SC, Mr. S. Frankford married Harriet Cohen, “the second daughter of A.N. Cohen.”
1843(23rd of Tishrei, 5604): Simchat Torah
1843: Birthdate of Hebrew teacher, author and commentator Abraham Baer Dobsewitch, the native of Pinks who moved to the United States in 1891 where he continued his work until his death in 1900/
1846: On Sabbath Bereshit a Beth-din was established, composed of the following gentlemen: Chief Rabbi Lilienthal, Moreno [Isaac M.] Wise, Rabbi of Albany and Syracuse; Moreno Doctor Felsenheldt, and Moreno Doctor Kohlmayer. Dr. Lilienthal, elected Rosh Beth Din, presented the Dayanim to his congregations, and in a sermon, delivered on that occasion, declared, on behalf of the Beth-din, that their services were ready to be given to every Jewish congregation in America, without claiming any clerical rights or dues.
1850: Anti-Christian rioters pillage Christian neighborhoods in
1851(21st of Tishrei, 5612): Hoshanah Rabah
1851: A letter was sent to Samuel J. Rubinstein thanking him for his two years of “excellent service” as the treasurer of the synagogue in Dublin, Ireland.
1852: Today, in St. Louis, “a document was ratified that created B’nai El which resulted from a merger of B’nai B’rith, Emanu-El and United Hebrew” after Rabbi Lesser had convinced the Jewish population of the absurdity of such a small community trying to support three congregations.
1853(15th of Tishrei, 5614): Sukkoth
1854: Ernestine Rose, a leading early American advocate for women's rights, presided over the Fifth National Woman's Rights Convention in Philadelphia which opened on this date. At the
1857: In Louisville, KY, Isaac Sale and Henrietta Dinkelspiel gave birth to Moses N. Sale, the husband of Florence D. Rider, who became a Circuit Court Judge in St. Louis, MO.
1858: Birthdate of David Samuel Margoliouth, The son of Ezekiel Margoliouth and the nephew Moses Margoliouth, both of whom were Anglican converts, he was a noted Orientalist and Oxford Don. Among other accomplishments, “He identified a business letter written in the Judeo-Persian language, found in Danfan Uiliq, northwest China, in 1901, as dating from 718 C.E. (the earliest evidence showing the presence of Jews in China).” He passed away in 1940.
1862(23rd of Tishrei, 5623): Simchat Torah
1862: As the Jewish “holiday season” comes to an end with the celebration of Simchat Torah, General U.S. Grant returns to active field service as he takes command of the Department of Tennessee. In that capacity he will issue the infamous General Order Number Eleven that expelled Jews, “as a class” from the district under his command. This regrettable episode would be used by some to unfairly brand Grant as an anti-Semite.
1863(21st of Tishrei, 5764): Hoshana Rabah
1864(17th of Tishrei, 5625): As the Jewish soldiers serving with the Army of Northern Virginia observe Sukkoth Chol Hamoed, General James “Pete” Longstreet, Lee’s good right arm resumes command of troops after having been seriously wounded during the Battle of Wilderness.
1866(8th of Cheshvan, 5627): Hungarian journalist Sigmund Saphir, who “edited several German papers including the Pesther Tageblatt and who was the nephew of “humorist Mortiz G. Saphir” passed away today.
1872(15th of Tishrei, 5633): Sukkoth
1875: It was reported today The Hebrew Charity Fair is to take placed in December at New York’s 22nd Regiment Armory. All proceeds from the event will go to support Mount Sinai Hospital. Women from all of the city’s synagogues are actively working to prepare for the event.
1875: According to an article entitled “The Wandering Jew” published today, the first document mentioning this mythic figure are about 650 years old, dating back to the reign of Henry III. The next references to him do not appear until the 16th century when he supposedly revealed himself to a weaver in Bohemia. Contrary to the name, the Wandering Jew has nothing to do with Judaism. Rather he is a Christological Character tied to one of the stories relating to the Crucifixion
1875: “The Bible in the Public Schools” published today described the conflict going on at the Board of Education of Union Hill, NJ concerning mandatory Bible readings at the start of each school day.
1877: Herman C. Bush wrote a letter from Cincinnati today addressed to his friend Christopher J. Bush of New York confessing that he had stolen seven piece of cassimere from his employer in New York City. He claimed that he had sold five of the pieces to a Jew on the corner of Baxter and Leonard Streets. Further investigation would establish that this was the address of a second-hand clothing store owned by Louis Lazarus, who had been arrested previously on charges of receiving stolen goods. Lazarus claimed the items in question had been bought by his son who had no idea that they were stolen. Lazarus would later be arrested. There is no word as to the fate or religion of either of the men named Bush.
1877: Dr. F. De Sola Mendez is scheduled to deliver a lecture at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association in New York City, starting at 8 p.m.
1879: Birthdate of German historian Eugen Täubler who worked as a lecturer at the Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums (Higher Institute for Jewish Studies) in Berlin from 1910 to 1914 and again from 1933 to 1941 after which he and his fled Nazi Germany for the United States where he became a professor at HUC in Cincinnati.
1881: “Minor Affairs Abroad” published today provides a statistical snapshot of births in Russia including the fact that Jews accounted for 3 percent of the 8,119 out-of-wedlock births
1881: One hundred thirty two more Jewish immigrants from Russia are expected to arrive in New York City today.
1882: Leo Pinkser published his famous pamphlet "Autoemancipation; A Warning of a Russian Jew to his Brethren." He published it as a result of the Russian pogroms of the previous year. Pinsker advocated establishing a homeland as a cure for anti-Semitism. He thought that a Jewish congress should decide if that homeland should be in Eretz-Israel, the
1882: Mr. and Mrs. Julius W. Kaskel buried their three week old son Asher in the Hebrew Cemetery in Leadville, CO.
1882: It was reported today that the Young Men’s Hebrew Association will be sponsoring a concert at Chckering Hall later this week.
1882: It was reported today that Israel Ettler has been arraigned in the Harlem Police Court for his alleged role in the recent riot at Ward’s Island.
1884: It was reported today that Young Men’s Hebrew Association will be hosting a celebration marking the 100th birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore tomorrow night. (The overwhelming number of centennial celebrations marking the birth of Montefiore attests to his importance to Jews throughout the world and the affection in which he was held. But how many people know who is today/)
1886: “Moses and Henry George” published today provided George’s praise for the system “Moses tried to found in which there was an absence of poverty and the idea of the brotherhood of man was paramount. To that end, “Moses proved not only for a fair division of the land among the people but for a redistribution every 50 years making monopoly impossible.”
1888: “A Jewish Wedding” published today described the wedding ceremony that joined New Yorker Louis H. Rascover to Miss Carrie Thalheimer in Reading, PA which was one of the social highlights of the year. The ceremony was followed by a reception attended by five hundred people from New York and most of the major cities in eastern Pennsylvania. Before her marriage, Miss Thalheimrt “was the acknowledged belle in Hebrew society circles in Reading.”
1888: The leaders of the Jewish Order of the Harp of David who were sponsoring a series of “grand operas, tragedies and high comedies at Poole’s Theatre for the benefit of its charitable and mutual benefit funds” clashed with Professor Horowitz, the man it had retained to manage the events during which the latter ceased the proceeds from the ticket offices and only agreed to pay the actors after they threatened not to perform this evening.
1890: A citizen’s committee met with Mayor Grant today and urged him to appoint Coroner Ferdinand Levy to serve as a Police Justice.
1891(15th of Tishrei, 5652): Sukkoth
1891: Birthdate of Henry Torres, the attorney who defended Samuel Schwartbard, the Jewish poet and anarchist who was accused of assassinating Simon Petlioura for his role in the Ukrainian Pogroms in which thousands of Jews including his parents were murdered.
1893: In Berlin, “dental surgeon and businessman Dr. Hugo Ascher and Minna Luise (Schneider) Ascher gave birth to painter Fritz Ascher.
1893: In response to an allegation published in The Evening Post that Otto Irving Wise is a “hack politician” one of his friends said today “that Mr. Wise had been connected with Tammany Hall for short time only and then resigned and affiliated himself with the Republicans.”
1894: As reported today, the average age of the 163 people living at the Aged and Infirm Hebrews is seventy-two.
1894: The Lexow Committee (named for its chairman Clarence Lexow), the New York State Senate Committee investigating charges of corruption in the New York City Police Department heard more testimony including charges of police intimidation and payoffs in the operation of soda water stands on the Lower East Side by Samuel Ebert, Wolf Lipman, Samuel Cohen and Amelia Levine.
1898: A.C. Wheeler writes a letter to the New York Times in which he takes issue with the surprise expressed by the paper’s London correspondent at the positive and warm reception received by Israel Zangwill during his highly successful lecture tour.
1900: Birthdate of molecular biologist Alfred Ezra Mirsky, the husband of children’s author Reba Paeff and the father of Reba Goodman and Jonathan Mirsky.
1900: Herzl meets with the Ernest von Koerber, Austrian Prime Minister.
1903(26th of Tishrei, 5664): Lewis Abraham Tallerman, the brother of Australian merchant Daniel Tallerman passed away today.
1903: Birthdate of author Nathanael West best known for Miss Lonelyhearts and Day of the Locusts.
1905(18th of Tishrei, 5666): Sixth Day of Sukkoth
1905(18th of Tishrei, 5666): Forty-six year old South African stockbroker Charles Ansell who moved to London in 1888 and was the uncle of Albert Hyamson passed away today in leaving an estate valued at £346,000.
1905: Birthdate of Lev Nussimbaum, the native of Kiev “who wrote under the pen names Essad Bey and Kurban Said.
1910(14th of Tishrei, 5671): Erev Sukkoth
1910: The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that “local Hebrews are preparing for the celebration of the feast of which begins tonight at the Sons of Israel Synagogue” where “they have three sprays of the lulav or bulrushes from Palestine which will be used in the declaration of the altar.”
1911: In New York Dr. Morris Loeb said today that it was his understanding that his brother, James Loeb, the retired banker, was going to underwrite the expense of translating 200 hundred volumes of the classics into English. The volumes in question were originally written in Latin and Greek.
1914: Birthdate of Jerry Siegel, co-creator of Superman.
1915: Birthdate of Arthur Miller. Two of this American playwright’s noted works were “Death of a Salesman” and “The Crucible.” His other claim to fame was his marriage to Marilyn Monroe. Monroe conversion to Judaism was tied to her relationship with Miller.
1915: “The Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of American announced” today “the Isidore Hershfield, a New York lawyer” would be sailing for Europe “charged with the mission of locating the families and relatives of American citizens various war zones of Europe.
1915: “The Jewish Congress Organization Committee, meeting” today “in the Broadway Central Hotel decided to hold” next month “a preliminary conference of representatives from Jewish organizations to decide on methods of election and other technical details of convening the congress which is to deal with the whole of the Jewish problem with special reference to the situation in Europe created by the war.”
1915: “Dr. Samuel Betttelheim, editor and proprietor of the Hungarian Jewish News of Budapest arrived in New York” today “with the intention of attending the American Jewish Conference which was scheduled to be held in Washington…but which has been called off” and which will be replaced by another national meeting whose attendees will be more representative of the Jewish community.
1915: “In his farewell sermon at St. Philip’s Episcopal Cathedral this morning” in Atlanta, GA, “Dean John R. Atkinson” said, “the most Christian people I have found in Atlanta are the Jews” because “they have more true charity.”
1915: “In an address this evening at public meeting” in Baltimore, MD, “held to celebrate the found of the Order of B’nai B’rith, Simon Wolf of Washington said that on the eve of his departure for California to attend the Peace Conference, President Wilson entrusted him” with “a letter in which the President wrote that when the hour of peace should arrive he, as the representative of a people firm in advocacy of civil and political rights, would use his best efforts to secure the rights of the Jews in Russia and Rumania.”
1915: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise was among the speakers who addressed the meeting at the Century
1916: It was reported today “a committee of women” whose members include Mrs. William Einstein, Mrs. Sidney Borg, Mrs. Henry Goldman, Mrs. Henry Zuckerman, Mrs. Israel Unterberg, Mrs. Samuel Elkeles and Mrs. Alexander Kohut has been formed to make a special appeal to those of their for contributions to the Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New York City.
1916: Eighteen year old Mischa Levitz, famed Russian born concert pianist made his American debut in New York, at Aeolian Hall
1916: Cartoonist Rube Goldberg married Irma Seeman after which they set up housekeep at 98 Central Park West in New York City where they gave birth to two sons, Thomas and George.
1917: Birthdate of Herschel Schater, the Brownsville native who was youngest son of a 7th generation shochet and a real estate manager and as chaplain serving with the Third Army was the first rabbi “to enter and participate in the liberation of Buchenwald.” (As reported by Margalit Fox)
1917: Birthdate of Alfred Edward “Fred” Kahn “a leading regulatory scholar who wielded his influence in both government and academia, helped spur a broad movement beginning in the mid-1970s toward freer markets in rail and automotive transportation, telecommunications, utilities and the securities markets.”
1917: “Felix M. Warburg, Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee of the American Funds for Jewish War Sufferers announced tonight that the Special Assembly of the Jews of America to plan the continuation of the Jewish war relief and completion of the $10,000,000 1917 fund which is to bring together about a thousand of the most prominent Jews from all parts of the United States will be held at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue on October 28th
1919(23rd of Tishrei, 5680): Simchat Torah
1919: Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created. RCA and NBC were inextricably linked with David Sarnoff.
1919: Birthdate of Russian physicist Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov
1920: Today South Jersey's first Conservative congregation was officially "organized" and elected Morris Handle as Beth El's first President.
1920: In Brussels, Sadi Kirschen and his wife gave birth to Claude-Anne Kirschen who gained fame as Claude-Anne Lopez one of the most, if not the most formidable, expert on Benjamin Franklin. “Her father was a defense lawyer for Edith Cavell, the British nurse who was executed by the Germans after she helped scores of Allied soldiers escape German-occupied Belgium during World War I.” (As reported by William Yardley)
1920: Birthdate of Betty Sarah Wouk, of blessed memory. Born Betty Brown in Grangeville, Idaho, this graduate of USC married Herman Wouk, the great American-Jewish novelist, in 1945. Wouk’s service on the USS Zane gave him two great gifts, Mrs. Wouk and the material for the “.Caine Mutiny.”
1921(15th of Tishrei, 5682): Sukkoth
1923: Birthdate of Isaac Saba Raffoul, “a Mexican businessman.”
1924: The Ku Klux Klan staged its second march in less than six months in Las Vagas, Nevada but found little support for its message of hating Catholics and Jews.
1925: Birthdate of Irwin Silber, “a founder and the longtime editor of the folk-music magazine Sing Out!, who was one of the prime movers behind the folk-music revival of the 1950s and 1960s.” (As reported by William Grimes)
1927(21st of Tishrei, 5688): Hoshanah Rabah
1927: Birthdate of guitarist Barney Kessel.
1930: In Biddeford, ME, Samuel and Leah Osher gave birth to Marion Osher, the future wife of Hebert Sandler her partner in creating Golden West Financial.
1931: After a month, filming of “The Trunks of Mr. O.F.” starring Peter Lorre and Hedy Lamarr came to an end.1933: Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany. Strangely enough, the New York Times story referred to him as a German scientist. I guess the guys at the Times had not figured out that for all of his greatness, he was just another Jew fleeing Hitler’s Germany. When is a Jew in Germany a German and not a Jew? When he wins the Nobel Prize.
1935: When the Belgian steamship Leopold II was unloading 97 tons of cement at Jaffa, “a tin case of cartridges concealed in a barrel” was discovered. According to “unconfirmed reports…from Arab sources…800 rifles and 400,000 cartridges” were also found among the 537 barrels of cement.
1935: “The party of Haj Amin el Husseini, Grand Mufti of Jerusalem asserted” today that the arms discovered yesterday when the SS Leopold II was being unloaded in Jaffa yesterday, “were part of a Jewish plot” and gave rise to the threat of a general Arab work stoppage.
1936(1st of Cheshvan, 5697): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan and Shabbat
1936: At Temple Emanu-El, Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Making a Name.”
1936: At West End Synagogue, Rabbi Hyman Judah Schachtel is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “The Neglected Teacher – Experience.”
1936: New York University, with Harry Shorten playing end lost to the University of North Carolina today.
1936: At Temple Israel, Rabbi William F. Rosenblum is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Another Flood – The Only Way Out.”
1936: Marvin Lowenthal is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “Jews at the Crossroads” this after afternoon at the Central Synagogue on East 62nd Street.
1937: As the Arab Reign of Terror designed to drive the Jews from Eretz
1937 (12th of Cheshvan, 5698): A band of Arab terrorists shot and killed a ten-year old Jewish boy from Yemeni at Tirath Shalom which is located near Ness Zionah in southern Palestine.
1937 (12th of Cheshvan, 5698): In the wake of renewed Arab terrorism, “Samuel Gutman, a young Jewish theological student studying his Talmud lesson in the shade of a tree in the Schneller quarter of Jerusalem was attacked by an Arab, who stabbed him six times.”
1937 (12th of Cheshvan, 5698): In the wake of renewed Arab terrorism, two buses filled with Jewish workers returning to Jerusalem from the quarry near Motzah were fired on by Arabs. The gunmen escaped having failed to wound or kill any of their targets.
1937: A movement “led by Max Seligman” a lawyer from Cardiff, Wales, now living in Tel Aviv, that is seeking to convert Palestine into a British Crown Colony as a way of ending the fighting between Arabs and Jews files an application with the Palestine Attorney General’s office in attempt o register an organization called “The Palestine Crown Colony Association.”
1937: Late tonight Arab terrorists attempted to blow up a ridge on the road between Jerusalem and Jericho. The bridge was partially damaged but the road remained opened to traffic.
1938(22nd of Tishrei, 5699): On the 45th birthday of her son, painter Frtiz Ascher, 71 year old Minna Luise Ascher passed away today.
1939: The Nazis deported over one thousand Jews from Moravska Ostrava, of the former Czechoslovakia, and sent them to Lublin region of Poland. There, they were forced to build themselves a labor camp. Adolph Eichmann, now in charge of “Jewish resettlement”, greeted the train
1939: With the cessation of hostilities the Nazis finally fixed the Polish-German frontier. At a meeting, Hitler made clear that the policy would be to cleanse Poland’s towns of Jews, Poles and intelligentsia from all lands falling within the Gerneralgouvernement. Implementation was put in the hands of Henreich Himmler and his SS.
1939: Hitler lectures General Wilhelm Keitel and other top Wehrmacht generals on the need for “Jews, Poles, and similar trash” to be cleared from old and new territories of the Reich.
1942: According to reports published in the New York Times, Palestine is filling a dual role in the British war effort. It is home to a key military headquarters called the “Palestine Base and Lines of Communications Headquarters.” It has also become an industrial center that fills many needs of the British military in the Middle East including the manufacture of mines and hand grenades and the repair of British and American tanks and other military vehicles damaged during combat action. Many of the workers are refugees from central and eastern Europe which has given them the capability of producing goods that used to be supplied by “Czechoslovakia, Austria, Germany and other industrialized European nations.”
1942: Austrian librettist, lyricist and writer Fritz Löhner-Beda was deported to the Monowitz concentration camp near Auschwitz.
1942: Over 10,000 Jews were transferred from Buchenwald Concentration camp to Auschwitz.
1942: The Nazis murdered 1600 Jews from Buczacz, Ukraineat the Belzec death camp.
1942: Four hundred and five Jews held in the
1942: Birthdate of Yosef Lahav (Joe Sikorel), the native of Alexandria, Egypt who died when the Dakar was lost at sea in 1968.
1943: A Jewish partisan unit commanded by Abba Kovner destroys two rail engines and two bridges near
1943: German Ambassador to the Vatican Ernst von Weizsäcker writes to the German Foreign Ministry that the College of Cardinals has been “particularly dismayed” since the roundup of Jews in Rome is occurring “below the very windows of the Pope.” He notes that the Pope continues to do everything he can “not to burden relations with the German government and German agencies in
1944: Adolf Eichmann returned to
1944: At Birkenau, Dr. Mengele began another selection of children to be sent to the gas chambers. Only his small selected group of about 200 twins were continued to be spared his wretched wrath.
1945: Premiere of “Week-End At The Waldorf” based on Vicki Baum’s novel Grand Hotel with a script co-written by Bella Spewack
1946: King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia sent a letter to President Truman charging that the American leader’s “call for opening the gates of Palestine to more Jews was in ‘complete contradiction’” to what the King said were “presidential assurances to the Arabs.” The King described the Jews as “aggressors from the start” when it came to matters regarding Palestine.
1946: A production of “Lysistrata” written by Gilbert Seldes opened at the Belasco Theatre.
1947: Following a six day trial, Yossef Vavriel and Abraham Katalan, two members of the Irgun, “were convicted of carrying arms in a room of the house at Kiryat Sahul where two British policemen” who had been kidnapped from a swimming pool in June were being held prisoner. The two British policemen had not been harmed by their captors.
1947: David Ben-Gurion called on members of the Irgun and the Stern Gang to disband their organizations and join the Haganah as the Jewish community moved to protect itself from attacks from the Arabs. Ben-Gurion denied that negotiations were being held with the leaders of these organizations since his goal is to have only one military force that will answer to the civilian leaders of the Yishuv.
1947: Mr. Moshe Shertok the head of Political Department of the Jewish Agency, addressed the United Nations, making the case for the creation of a Jewish state as part of the Two State Solution. Moshe Shertok would become Moshe Sharett after the creation of the state of Israel, serving as it first Foreign Minister and second Prime Minister.
1947: U.S premiere of “The Exile” directed by Max Ophüls,
1948(14th of Tishrei, 5709): Erev Sukkoth;
1948: Israeli naval vessels shelled Majdal which had been occupied by invading Egyptian troops.
1948(14th of Tishrei) Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, also known as the Maharitz, passed away. Born in 1865 he moved to Jerusalem in 1930. He was the first Rebbe of Dushinsky and Chief Rabbi (Govad) of the Edah HaChareidis of Jerusalem.
1948: The 52nd and 54th Battalions of the Givati Brigade began a three day action aimed at taking control of “the internal Negev road from Julis to Bror Hayial through Kawkaba and Huleiqat.”
1948: During Operation Yoav, Egyptian forces begin withdrawing from the
1949: Premiere of “The Reckless Moment” a “film noir directed by Max Ophüls and produced by Walter Wanger.”
1950: David Ben-Gurion made an attempt to form a minority government consisting of Mapai and Sephardim and Oriental Communities today, but it was not approved by the Knesset.
1950: In New York, Edith (née Leibovitch)Tolkin, “a studio executive and film industry lawyer” and “the late comedy writer Mel Tolkin” gave birth to Middlebury College graduate Michael L. Tolkin, the novelist and film writer who won an Edgar Award for the screenplay for “The Player”
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Joint Distribution Committee agreed to defray half the cost of the upkeep and medical treatment of the North African immigration. The forced migration of Jews living in Moslem lands to
1956: U.S. premiere of “What Happened to Julie on Her Honeymoon?” produced by Martin Melcher.
1956: “Attack” a WW II “anti—war” movie co-starring Robert Strauss was released today in the United States.
1957(22nd of Tishrei, 5718): Shemini Atzert
1958: NBC broadcast “An Evening with Fred Astaire,” the Emmy winning special directed and co-produced by Bud Yorkin (Alan David Yorkin)
1959(15th of Tishrei, 5720): Sukkoth
1959: In the UK, Julie Brett and Eric Selig Phllip Cowell, Sr. who is Jewish gave birth to television personality Simon Cowell.
1963(29th of Tishrei, 5724): Mathematician Jacques-Salomon Hadamard passed away at the age of 98. Although Hadamard claimed to be an atheist when it came to religion he became an active in support of Jewish causes following the Dreyfus Affair. Part of this may have stemmed from the fact that his wife was related to the wrongly accused French Colonel.
1963: “All the Way” the movie version of the 1960 play produced by David Susskind was released today in the United States.
1967: Barbra Streisand starred in “Belle of 14th Street” a special on CBS television.
1967: Memorial service for Brian Epstein was held at New London Synagogue – The Jewish Connection to the lads from Liverpool.
1968: “Far From the Madding Crowd,” a film adaptation of the 19th century novel directed by John Schlesinger with a script by Frederic Raphael was released in the United States by MGM today.
1973: The “Battle of the Chinese Farms” comes to an end when an Egyptian counter-attack fails to dislodge Israeli troops leaving the bridgehead across the Suez Canal intact. The battle, which began on October 15th was one of the bloodiest and costliest of the war.
1973: During the Yom Kippur War, the Soviets were landing 70 planes per day crammed with modern supplies at Egyptian and Syrian airports. Egyptian forces failed in their attempts to dislodge Israeli forces from their new positions on the west bank of the
1973: OPEC started an oil embargo against a number of western countries. Supposedly OPEC was using the Oil Weapon to reverse the Arab defeat during the Yom Kippur War. In point of fact, OPEC succeeded in raising the price of petroleum which enriched OPEC, shifted the economic balance and along the way impoverished millions of people living in Third World Nations – untold numbers of Arabs and other followers of Islam living in non-OPEC nations.
1975: The United Nations declared that “Zionism is racism.” This came in the same period when the U.N. General greeted the pistol packing Yasser Arafat with a standing ovation. Arafat was still in the full flush of his victory; having been responsible for the terrorist attack on the Munich Olympics and the slaughter of the Israeli athletes.
1975: U.S. premiere of “Rooster Cogburn” produced by Hal Wallis.
1976(23rd of Tishrei, 5737): Simchat Torah
1977(5th of Cheshvan, 5738): Eighty-one year old English film producer Sir Michael Elias Balcon, the grandfather of Daniel Day-Lewis and Tasmin Day-Lewis passed away today.
1977(5th of Cheshvan, 5738): Seventy-five year old David “Dave” Ziff who played “end at Syracuse University in the early 1920’s” and then played two seasons for the nascent National Football League passed away today.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that a prominent, unnamed, West Bank figure, whom the local Arab politicians expected to become a central member of any Palestinian delegation at the renewed Geneva Peace Conference, was seeking an urgent meeting with Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan, to check whether Israel would be prepared to negotiate an eventual self-determination for the Palestine Arabs at the conference table.
1978: “Goin’ Coconuts” a musical comedy directed by Howard Morris was released in the United States by Columbia pictures and proved to be box office flopped that was panned by ciritics.
1979(26th of Tishrei,
5740): Sidney Joseph Perelman passed
away. Known as S.J. Perelman, he was
Brooklyn in 1904, raised in , where he
graduated from Providence . For almost forty years, Perelman was a true
man of letters gaining fame as a cartoonist, author, screenwriter, and
satirist. A city boy by birth, Perelman
chose to live in rural Brown
University for forty
years. During that time he wrote, “A farm
is an irregular patch of nettles bounded by short-term notes, containing a fool
and his wife who didn’t know enough to stay in the city.” Bucks
1983(9th of Cheshvan, 5744): Seventy-eight year old Raymond Aron passed away. Born in Paris, the famed author and social commentator, served in the French Air Force and then fought with the Free French during WW II. While his name may not be a household word, he was a life-long friend and worthy intellectual opponent of Jean-Paul Sartre.
1984(21st of Tishrei, 5745): Hoshanah Rabah
1984(21st of Tishrei, 5745): Eighty-one year old Rabbi Levi Arthur Olan passed away. Born in 1903 at Cherkasy, Ukraine, he was Rabbi of Temple Emanuel in Worcester, Massachusetts from 1929 to 1948. From 1949 to 1970 he was Rabbi of Temple Emanu-El of Dallas, Texas1985(2nd of Cheshvan, 5746): Ninety-year old conductor and opera manager Joseph Rosenstock passed away today. (As reported by Dena Kleiman
1985: Funeral services are scheduled to be held this afternoon at Hempstead, Long Island, for former New York Knicks basketball star Max Zaslofsky.
1988: Today’s announcement that chemist Gertrude Elion had won the Nobel Prize
in Physiology or Medicine represented the culmination of an unlikely career.
The young Elion had known what she wanted to do—but nobody seemed ready to let
her do it.
New York provided her with a free
education during the Depression, but when she graduated at age 19, summa cum
laude and Phi Beta Kappa, not one graduate school would provide her with
needed financial aid. Unable to find a laboratory job, she started secretarial
school. Supporting herself as a doctor’s receptionist and a substitute high
school science teacher, Elion earned a master’s degree in chemistry from New
York University in 1941 (she was the only woman in her classes). With more lab
opportunities open to women during World War II, Elion found a job at Burroughs
Welcome, a pharmaceutical company, in 1944.Elion’s research with her mentor and
partner George Hitchings led to the first effective treatment for childhood
leukemia and to immunosuppressants that made organ transplants possible. Her
anti-viral research led to treatments for many ailments including AIDS. Elion,
whose doctorates were all honorary, received the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine, together with Hitchings and British scientist James Black. Elion
thus joined an impressive list of American Jewish female Nobel Prize winners in
science that also includes American-born Rosalyn Yalow (1977), and Gerty
Theresa Radnitz Cori (1947) and Rita Levi-Montalcii (1986) who were born and
educated abroad. (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archive. Hunter College
1989: An army inquiry completed
today found that a Syrian
fighter-bomber was able to penetrate Israeli airspace unchallenged last week
because of an error by the air defense officer on duty at the time. The
inquiry, by two senior officers, has not been made public. But the Army Chief
of Staff, Gen. Dan Shomron, discussed the findings on Israeli television
tonight and said the penetration occurred because ''an officer did not exercise
correct judgment.'' General Shomron said the investigation did not find
fundamental problems with 's
air defense system. He said the officer, who has not been identified publicly,
''has been called in for questioning.'' Other officials said the man would
probably be reprimanded for failing to fire anti-aircraft missiles or scramble
interceptors. The Syrian pilot, Maj. Mohammed Bassem Adel, told reporters on
Friday that he spent only three or four minutes over Israel . He said he flew at more
than 800 miles per hour at about 150 feet and turned off all the electronic
systems that could signal hostile intentions. He landed at a field near the
town of Israel
and said he wanted to defect. Megiddo
1989: “Closer Than Ever” a revue featuring the music of David Shire “opened in previews” today at the Cherry Lane Theatre.
1990: Publication of William Steig’s Shrek! a picture book for children about a young ogre whose name is derived from the Yiddish work for “fear” or “fright.”
1995(23rd of Tishrei, 5756): Simchat Torah
1995: “The Babysitter” starring Alicia Silverstone was released in the United States by Paramount Pictures
1997(16th of Tishrei, 5758): Second day of Sukkot
1997: “Shooting Fish,” a British comedy starring Dan Futterman as “Dylan” was released today in the United Kingdom by Entertainment Film Distributors.
1997(16th of Tishrei, 5758): Ninety-six year old character actor Ben Welden passed away today.
1998: A Palestinian conducted a
grenade assault on the
bus terminal, wounding 67 Israelis, including 24 soldiers. Beersheba
1999: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jews including Bad Jews And Other Stories by Gerald Shapiro and Galileo’s Daughter: A Historical Memoir of Science, Faith, and Love by Dava Sobel.
2000: At the Library of Congress opening of an exhibition entitled Herblock’s History: Political Cartoons from the Crash to the Millennium that presents works by cartoonist Herb Block, who chronicled the nation’s political history and caricatured twelve American presidents from Herbert Hoover to Bill Clinton.
2001 (30th of Tishrei, 5762): Israel's tourism minister, Rehavam Zeevi was shot to death in the first assassination of a serving Cabinet minister by Palestinians. Born in
2001(30th of Tishrei, 5762): Eighty-six year old Oscar winning composer and lyricist Jay Livingston passed away today. (As reported by Richard Severo)
2003(21st of Tishrei, 5764): Hoshana Rabah
2003: U.S. premiere of “Runaway Jury,” co-starring Dustin Hoffman and Rachel Weisz
2004: The body of Sam Kellerman was found in a Hollywood (CA) apartment. Sam Kellerman was the broth of Max Kellerman an American boxing commentator and sports talk radio host based in Los Angeles. “As a result of the ensuing investigation, former boxer James Butler was arrested and charged with Sam's murder. He later confessed to the murder and was given a 29 year sentence.”
2004(2nd of Cheshvan, 5765): Uzi Hitman “an Israeli singer, songwriter, composer and television personality” passed away. His career began in 1976 and he became a popular Israeli artist during the 1980s and 1990s. He has famously composed a popular melody for Adon Olam in 1976. His most famous songs include Noladati Lashalom (I Was Born for Peace), Ratziti Sheteda (I Wanted You to Know), Todah (Thank you) and Kan (Here), which reached 3rd place during the 1991 Eurovision Song Contest. Hitman also appeared on the 1980s children's programmes Parpar Nehmad and Hopa Hei. He died after a heart attack at the age of 52. He was buried at the Yarkon Cemetery near Tel Aviv. The City of Ramat Gan renamed Kikar Hashoshanim (Roses Square) in his neighborhood of residence to Kikar Hitman (Hitman Square).
2005: Haaretz reported that Kinneret Mendel and Matat Rosenfeld-Adler, 21-year-old cousins from the settlement of
2005(14th of Tishrei, 5766): Erev Sukkoth
2006: Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni called on President Moshe Katsav to resign in response to the police's recommendation to indict him on a number of charges including rape. "In the current situation, almost without connection to the criminal question, I believe that it would not be right for President Katsav to continue to serve as president," said Livni. Livni made the comments at a ceremony marking the opening of "Kadima House" in Hadera
2007: “Bernard and Doris” a ‘semi-fictionalized” biopic directed and produced by Bob Balaban “premiered at the Hamptons International Film Festival” today.
2007: Virtuoso Pianist Vladimir Feltsman plays “Music from Poland and Russia” at the Museum of Jewish Heritage-A Living Memorial to the Holocaust. Since his arrival in the
2007: As an example of the secular power 21st century Jews have attained, a photo is taken at 10:13 a.m. of Michael Mukasey, President Bush’s nominee for attorney general chatting with Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman prior to the start of confirmation hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee. The two Orthodox Jews were classmates at
2007: The New York Times features a review of Just Say Nu: Yiddish for Every Occasion (When English Just Won’t Do) by Michael Wex.
2007: A London-based Jewish radio station, Shalom FM, founded by Mike Menoza as a way of providing, "some balanced reporting about the community and Israel" ceased broadcasting at midnight.
2008: In a reversal of cultural roles, The Jerusalem Cinematheque features an American film about an Israeli. The film is “You Don’t Mess with Zohan” an American made film about an Israeli. “Zohan Dvir, a powerful and iniquitous Mossad agent, wants to change professions to hair styling. He escapes to the
2008: Jerusalem mayoral candidate Nir Barkat toured Jewish and state owned lands in an area between the French Hill and the Arab neighborhood of Anata, promising that “In Anata, a new Jewish neighborhood will be established and this will provide a solution to the housing needs of students and the city’s younger generation.
2008 (18th of Tishrei, 5769): Eighty five year old Montreal native Ben Weider who was a founder and longtime president of the International Federation of Body Builders” passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)
2009: Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett’s “The Diary of Anne Frank” is performed at Kimmel Theatre on the campus of Cornell College in Mt. Vernon Iowa. The production is based on Wendy Kesselman’s acclaimed new adaptation of the play that makes thoughtful use of recently recovered segments of Anne’s diary to deepen our understanding both of the cultural context of the events and to present a much more complex (and less sentimental) Anne.
In Memphis, the joy of Sukkoth is enhanced as the friends and family of Laurie
Silber, including her two “Southern grandchildren” celebrate her natal day.