Wednesday, September 14, 2016

This Day, September 15, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin


September 15

53: Birthdate of Trajan who was Roman emperor from 98 until his death of 117. In the last decade of his rule, Trajan began a campaign against the Parthians, a people living east of the Roman Empire.  Since this territory bordered Judea with its large Jewish population, Trajan sought to improve relations between Rome and his Jewish subjects.  There were even reports that Trajan would allow a rebuilding of the Temple.  However, as the Romans moved into Parthia, he met stiff military opposition, fueled, in part, by Jews living in Parthia who despised Rome for destroying the Temple.  At the same time, Jews in Egypt also rebelled against Rome.  The violence there forced Trajan to send legions to the land along the Nile which weakened his already doomed campaign as Parthia.

1199: Pope Innocent III published “Constitutio Pro Judeis: An Edict in Favor of the Jews”

1084: Rüdiger Huzmann, the Bishop of Speyer, signed and sealed a document explaining why he had invited the Jews to settle in his city and the terms and conditions under which this community was to live. Among other things, he stated that he “believed” it would “multiply” the “image” of Speyer “a thousand times by inviting the Jews” and “turn the village of Speyer into a city.”

1254:  Birthdate of explorer Marco Polo who told of meeting Chinese Jews in his 1286 journey to China.

1348: On the Day of Atonement, three Jews and a Jewess in Chillon, a town near Lake Geneva were tortured in an attempt to get them to confess to charges of well poisoning that was the alleged cause of the Black Death.

1485: Pedro Arbues, Canon of the Cathedral of Saragossa was attacked while praying. He died two days later, and when the news went public, the Christian community gathered to swear revenge. The attack was planned by prominent Jews (Conversos) of Aragon including Sancho de Paternoy, Master of the Royal Household; Gabriel Sanches, the High Treasurer of the kingdom; and Francisco de Santa Fe, assessor to the Governor of Aragon. The results of this “were that nearly 200 people had revenge struck upon them, some were murdered outright and some were beheaded with their mutilated bodies put on display. Some were imprisoned, some committed suicide to alleviate their suffering, and some fled to France.” The Church later made Arbues into a Saint in 1867.

1497: Gershon Soncino published one of the first printed editions of “Selihot” in Braco, Italy.

1683: Germantown, Pennsylvania was founded by 13 immigrant families as a separate township outside of Philadelphia.  In 1793, Isaac Franks, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War, opened his Germantown home to President George Washington, when a yellow fever epidemic gripped Philadelphia which was the capital of the United States of America at that time.

1697: Frederick Augustus I or Augustus II the Strong crowned King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth “with the backing of Imperial Russia and Austria, which financed him through the Jewish banker, Berend Lehmann.”  He was also the monarch whom Naphtali Cohen “went to see to secure reinstatement in his former rabbinate of Posen.”

1730(4th of Tishrei, 5491): Sir Solomon de Medina passed away. A native of Bordeaux Medina was a wealthy Amsterdam Jew who went to England with William III, when he and Queen Anne gained the throne of the United Kingdom.  According to Prince Charles, the heir to the British throne “The first Jewish knight, created by Queen Anne, was Sir Solomon de Medina. It was Sir Solomon who provided the supplies, including the food that enabled the British Army under the Duke of Marlborough to win the decisive Battle of Blenheim – a vital turning point in the War of Spanish Succession and a swift kick in the shins to Louis XIV’s aspirations.”

1735: Birthdate of Issachar Bär ben Judah Carmoly an Alsatian rabbi. At the age of 10, he was sufficiently advanced in his training for the rabbinate to follow the elaborate lectures of Jonathan Eybeschütz. Later, Carmoly studied successively at Frankfurt, under the direction of Jacob Joshua, author of Pene Yehoshu'a, and at Metz, under Samuel Helman, who conferred upon him the title of rabbi. On returning home, in compliance with the wish of his father, Carmoly began the study of medicine under the direction of Jacob Assur, a physician of Nancy, but had to give it up, being engrossed with his Talmudical studies. The only benefit he derived from his tutor was a fair knowledge of mathematics, of which he made use later. He passed away in May of 1781. Carmoly married the daughter of a rich banker named Joseph Raineau. The latter persuaded the bishop of Sulz to create a rabbinate in his see; and Carmoly was appointed rabbi of Sulz. Carmoly was the author of a commentary on the Tosefta to the treatise Betzah, published, together with the text, under the title Yam Yissakar (Sea of Issachar; Metz, 1769). The grandson of the author, Eliakim Carmoly, claimed to have had in his possession the following manuscripts of his grandfather

1752:  The Merchant of Venice was presented in Williamsburg, Virginia.  It was the first dramatic production by a professional troupe in the 13 Colonies.  There is irony that Shylock made such an early appearance in the one place in the world where the stereotype did not even begin to fit.

1776: British troops occupied New York City disrupting Jewish life. Many Jewish supporters of the Revolution fled the city.  Several of them took refuge in Newport, Rhode Island.

1780: Birthdate of Jonas Daniel Meijer, the first Jew admitted to the Bar in the Netherlands.  As a lawyer, he worked to help the Dutch Jews gain full emancipation.

1780(15th of Elul, 5540): Jacob Rodrigues Pereira or Jacob Rodrigue Péreire an academic and the first teacher of deaf-mutes in France, passed away. Born Jacob Rodrigues Pereira in 1715 at Peniche, Portugal, “he was a descendant of a Marrano (Portuguese Crypto-Jews) family and was baptized with the name of Francisco António Rodrigues. He returned to Judaism together with his mother. His parents were Magalhães Rodrigues Pereira and Abigail Ribea Rodrigues. After his father's death his mother fled with her son from Portugal to escape the Portuguese Inquisition and the charge that she had relapsed into heresy, and about 1741 she settled at Bordeaux. Jacob Rodrigue Péreire formulated signs for numbers and punctuation and adapted Juan Pablo Bonet's manual alphabet by adding 30 handshapes each corresponding to a sound instead of to a letter. He is therefore seen as one of the inventors of manual language for the deaf and is credited with being the first person to teach a non-verbal deaf person to speak. In 1759, he was made a member of the Royal Society of London. A lifelong devotee to the well-being of the Jews of southern France, Portugal, and Spain, beginning in 1749 he was a volunteer agent for the Portuguese Jews at Paris. In 1777, his efforts led to Jews from Portugal receiving the right to settle in France. In 1876 Pereira's remains were transferred from the Cimetière de la Villette (where he had been buried the year in which that cemetery was opened) to that of the Cimetière de Montmartre. In Bordeaux the street "Rodrigues-Pereire" was named in his honor. His grandsons, the Péreire brothers, Emile Péreire (1800–75) and Isaac Péreire (1806–80), were well-known French financiers and bankers during the second empire who encouraged the construction of the first railway in France in 1835. In 1852, they founded the Société Générale du Crédit Mobilier.”

1801: Coronation of Czar Alexander I who “declared the Blood Libel -- the infamous accusation that Jews murdered Christian children to use their blood in the baking of matzah for Passover, for which thousands of Jews were massacred through the centuries -- to be false.

1812(9th of Tishrei, 5573): Erev Yom Kippur

1812: The only Jews who would have chanted Kol Nidre tonight in Moscow would have been members of the French Army which had entered the Russian capital to find it devoid of the local population.

1814(1st of Tishrei, 5575): Rosh Hashanah

1814: Jews in Baltimore, Maryland, have a special reason to rejoice as they welcomed the New Year, since today marked the end of the “Battle of Baltimore” when the Americans withstood the British bombardment of Fort McHenry and thwarted their planned attack on the American port. 

1821: Costa Rica declares independence from Spain. The first Jewish settlers in Costa Rica were Sephardim from Curacao, Jamaica, Panama and the Caribbean who arrived in the 19th century. Jewish life in Costa Rica today is very vibrant and caters to the 2,500 Jews in the country.

1821: El Salvador declares independence from Spain. Except for the occasional transit of Portuguese Conversos, there were no Jews in the country until the first half of the nineteenth century when Sephardim from France settled in the town of Chaluchuapa. As of 2000, the Jewish population in El Salvador was approximately 120.

1821: Guatemala declares independence from Spain. Documents in the archives of the Mexican Inquisition attest to the presence of Marranos in Guatemala during the colonial period. The origins of the present Jewish community, however, are from German immigrants who came to the country in the mid-19th-century. Approximately 1,200 Jews live in Guatemala today, and the majority of them reside in the capital Guatemala City.

1821: Honduras declares independence from Spain. Conversos, or New Christians, who converted to Christianity while secretly practicing Judaism, were believed to be among the Spaniards who succeeded in buying permits that allowed them to circumvent prohibitions against sailing to the New World during the period after the Jewish expulsion from Spain. Many of these conversos disembarked along the Gulf of Mexico, and the Honduran coast. It is possible that these were the first "Jews" to arrive in Honduras, but this is disputed by some historians. At the end of the 1800's Honduras experienced an influx of Jews. The majority emigrated from the Central European regions of Russia, Poland, Germany, Romania, and Hungary, while a few were of Sephardic origin, and came from Greece, Turkey and North Africa

1821: Nicaragua declares independence from Spain. The Jewish population of Nicaragua reaches its peak in the 1920’ when it numbered approximately 270.  During the Sandinista era, the population dwindled to ten.  Today, there are approximately fifty Jews in Managua that gathers for Shabbat services, at last report; the community lacked a Sefer torah and a rabbi.

1824: The first Jewish wedding took place in Cincinnati, Ohio today when Morris Symonds married Rebekah Hyams.

1824: In Posen, Aaron Levin Lazarus and his wife gave birth to Moritz Lazarus, the professor of psychology at the University of Bern who was an outspoken opponent of ant-Semitism and who held several leadership roles in the German Jewish community including the presidency of Jewish Synod of Leipzig and the Berlin branch of the Alliance Israélite Universelle.

1825(3rd of Tishrei, 5586):Tzom Gedaliah

1825(3rd of Tishrei, 5586): Mtailda de Symons the daughter of Arron de Symons and Matlida Israel passed away today after which she was buried in the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.

1825: The foundation stone for Ararat was laid in Buffalo, New York. Ararat was to be a city of refuge for displaced Jews. It was to be on Grand Island in the Niagara River. Apparently Mordechai Noah, the self-appointed leader of the Jewish community was not bothered by the conflict with today’s fast.

1834: Birthdate of Heinrich Gotthard von Treitschke, one of the first prominent German leaders to take a leading role in the anti-Semitic attacks that began in Germany in the last three decades of the 19th century.  His lament that “The Jews are our misfortune” would become the motto of Der Stürmer Nazi newspaper published by Julius Streicher the Nazi leader who was hung at Nuremberg after having been convicted of committing “crimes against humanity.”

1849: The first synagogue in South Africa, Tikvat Yisrael, was dedicated in Cape Town.

1850(9th of Tishrei, 5611): Erev Yom Kippur

1854: The second Jewish synagogue built in Boston was concecrated today.  The synagogue was erected by German Jews who had left the city’s other synagogue which was controlled by Polish Jews.

1856: Mina (Halfin) and Abraham Levi gave birth to Levi Napoleon Levi in Victoria, Texas.  Young Levi went “north” for college (The University of Virginia) where he earned an undergraduate and law degree by the age of 20.  Levi returned to the Lone Star State where he practiced law in Galveston and became a leader of the civil and Jewish communities. Eventually he would become President of the National Order of B’nai Brith.  He passed away in 1904.

1857: James Finn of the British Council in Jerusalem wrote to the foreign ministry offering a plan to settle Jews in agriculture in Eretz-Israel to help the land prosper.

1857: Birthdate of William Howard Taft.  Taft is the only man to serve as President and then Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.  Taft served one term of President sandwiched between Teddy Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson.  Taft was the first President to attend a Seder.  In 1912, when he visited Providence, RI, he participated in the family Seder of Colonel Harry Cutler, first president of the National Jewish Welfare Board. Nineteen- twelve was an election year and possibly Taft’s attendance at Cutler’s Seder was an attempt to shore up his political support among Jewish voters.  In 1911, he had angered many Jewish leaders with his stand on the issue of passports for Jews wanting to go to Russia.  As part of a series of anti-Semitic actions, Russians were refusing to issue passports to American Jews who want to go to Russia for business reasons.  Taft basically told a meeting of American Jewish leaders to call off their pressure to get the Russians to stop this discrimination against American citizens.  To Taft’s credit he vetoed an immigration bill that contained a literacy requirement designed to keep Jews and others from Eastern Europe out of the United States.  The proposal came as Jews were seeking to flee the rising tide of pogroms that had swept Russia during the opening decade of the 20th century.

1862: During the Civil War, Company D of Cameroon’s Dragoons, a Union Cavalry regiment founded and commanded by Max Friedman took part in an expedition the left for Indiantown, NC, today while Companies F and H moved toward Drummond Lake.

1864(14th of Elul, 5624): Joel Ellis, “the infant child of J.J. Ellis and his wife Marguerite” passed away today after which he was buried at the Brompton Jewish Cemetery (As reported by Cemetery Scribes)

1863(2nd of Tishrei, 5624): As Jews observe the Second Day of Rosh Hashanah “President Lincoln used the authority granted him under the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act to suspend habeas corpus throughout the Union in any case involving prisoners of war, spies, traitors, or any member of the military.

1869(10th of Tishrei, 5630): Jews observe Yom Kippur for the first time under the Presidency of U.S. Grant.

1870: In Baltimore, Arianna née Handy and Otto Sutro gave birth to Rose Sutro, the niece of the first Jewish mayor of San Francisco, who with her younger sister Ottilie  would form on of the first, if not the first, duo-piano teams.

1870: Birthdate of Rachel Hirsch, the daughter Mendel Hirsch, the director of the girls’ school serving the Jewish religious community in Frankfurt am Main.  In a move that was unusual for her time, she became a doctor in German and a professor at Charité.

1870: Future Dreyfusard Clément Moras became the imperial prosecutor in Saint-Girons

1871(29th of Elul, 5631): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1872: It was reported today that presidential candidate Horace Greely had “indecently insulted the Hebrews” while speaking in Chappaqua, NY.  [Greely was running against U.S. Grant who would garner the majority of Jewish votes]

1873(23rd of Elul, 5633): Seventy two Samuel Jacobs, a native of the Isle of Sheppey who became a “dealer in works of art” passed away today in London.

1876: Birthdate of German born American composer and conductor Bruno Walter

1877: Birthdate of Jakob Ehrlich the Austrian lawyer and early Zionist leader whose service in the Austrian Army during WW I did not save him from being beaten to death at Dachau.

1878(3rd of Tishrei, 5548): Shabbat Shuvah (the fast is put off out respect for the Sabbath)

1878: “Lessing’s Dramas” published today reviews the three finest plays by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing which include “Nathan the Wise” which was written in 1779. In Nathan the Wise, Lessing succeeds in his “aim is to present a perfect ideal embodiment of the spirit of toleration” which this “a powerful drama.” “The Germans love this drama” which features “this wise and noble hearted Jew” “and place it beside Faust as one of their two finest classics.”

1879: It was reported today that the population of Romania is 4,582,602 of which 270,000 are Jewish.

1879: In Anykščiai, which is now part of Lithuania Abel Komaiko and Rebecca Zelesnik, an aunt of movie producer David O. Selnick gave birth to Solomon Barcuh Komaiko (S.B. Komaiko) whose varied career made him “one of the 100 most influential Chicago Jews in the 20th century, a champion of Lithuanian independence at the Versailles Peace Conference, an ardent Zionist and author whose style was compared to Shalom Aleichem.

1879: It was reported today that the Foreign Minister of Romania is continuing to offer arguments for not allowing Jews to become citizens of his country as was agreed to during the meeting of the European Powers in Berlin. He contends that they can be subjects without being citizen of the country.  He describes the Jews “by their customs, their traditions and their aspirations” as forming a “foreign colony, a species of German colony” in Romania.  (This charge comes at the same time that the growing anti-Semitic movement in Germany is attacking Jews as being aliens)

1880(10th of Tishrei, 5641): Yom Kippur

1880: “The Church Question” published today described the condition of religion in the United States which “is not a Christian nation.”  This is “a Christian land inasmuch as that form of religion prevails among our people…but the government has only government political relations with its subjects and makes no discrimination between Christians, Jews, Mohammedans, believers of any kind and absolute unbelievers.

1881: It was reported today that leaders of several Jewish communities in the eastern provinces of Germany have appealed to their co-religionist in Berlin “to exert their influence” with the authorities to provide them protections during riots which they fear will come during the upcoming holiday season which begins on September 23, Erev Rosh Hashanah

1881: Reports published today described the passage of 400 Russian Jews who have gone through Lemberg on their way to the United States.

1882(2nd of Tishrei, 5643): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

 1885: it was reported today that 4 year old John Franze and Abraham Schmidt caught smallpox from a fellow student with whom they attend Hebrew School at 127 Pitt Street in New York.

1888(10th of Tishrei, 5649): Yom Kippur

1889: Judge Henry M. Goldfogle and Mr. Warley M. Patzek addressed the attendees at the ceremonies celebrating the dedication of the Temple to be used by Congregation of Mount Sinai which is located on 72nd Street in Manhattan.

1889: Members of Shaar Hashomyim (Gates of Heaven) gathered today to celebrate the dedication of their new sanctuary on East 15th Street near Third Avenue. The congregation was founded in 1839 and was moving from current facility on Rivington Street.  Built in 1865 with seating for 1,000, the congregation was forced to move again because it had outgrown this facility.

1890(1st of Tishrei, 5651): Rosh Hashanah

1890(1st of Tishrei, 5651): A fight broke out in a synagogue at Trenton, NJ, when Max Rodden, the congregation’s former rabbi and some of his followers tried “to take part in the prayers after they had been warned to keep away.

1890: “A September New Year’s Day” published today described the presentation of “a set of silver and gold ornaments” for the Torah by J.H. Schiff and Mrs. Theresa Schiff to Lewis May who accepted them on behalf of Temple Emanu-El

1890: It was reported today that as Rachel Greenberg and two of her children left the Barge House to begin their new lives in the United States she gave the fruit and candy which her two other sons had brought as welcoming gift to a group of Polish Jewish children who were still begin detained.

1891: The London Opera Company composed of six Polish Jewish men and 2 Polish Jewish women were stranded in Providence, R.I., tonight because the managers had fled and taken all of the money with them.

1892: The SS Nevada arrived in New York from Liverpool via Queenstown carrying 900 steerage passengers none of whom are Russian Jews which lessens the authorities that they will have deal with cholera.

1893: Seventeen year old Rebecca Feinberg who had been shot in the face by her frustrated boyfriend yesterday was a patient at Gouverneur Hospital where doctors say “she will be disfigured for life.

1893: Bernhard Weinberger, the banker who had offices in Essex, Grand and Huston Streets and who had suffered severe business losses checked into the Mount Vernon Hotel where he registered as “Fred Klein” in what may have been an attempt to avoid angry creditors.

1894: Birthdate of Oskar Klein.  The famed Swedish physicist was the son of the chief rabbi of Stockholm, Dr. Gottlieb Klein and Antonie (Toni) Levy.

1894: In Poland, Israel and Bluma Sendak gave birth to children’s author Philip Sendak “the father of Caldecott Medal winner Maurice Sendak and children's author Jack Sendak.”

1894: “The Jew Tenderly Handled” published today provides a review of Lesser’s Daughter by Mrs. Andrew Dean, the penname of Cecily Wilhelmine Sidgwick who also wrote Scenes of Jewish Life

1894: Among those listed today to receive bequests from the late Dr. Bernard Grunhut are Mt. Sinai Hospital and the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum of New York.

1895: Theatrical agent Marcus Mayer returned to the United States from Paris today with production material that will be produced “under the exclusive management of Charles Frohman and Al Hayman.

1895: Rabbi Gustav Gottheil of Temple Emanu-El officiated at the funeral for 50 year old Bernhard Mainzer,at his home on East 65th Street followed by burial in the Cypress Hill Cemetery.  Pall bearers included his partner Henry Budge, Ewald Blathasar, Morris Barr and Hans Sommerhof.

1895: In Dresden, art historian Cornelius Gurlitt and his wife gave birth to Hildebrand Gurlitt, who was able to overcome the fact that his grandmother was Jewish to become one of those who helped the Nazis in the looting of art during WW II and continue to hide that stolen art until his death.

1896: It was reported today that the German ant-Semite, Dr. Hermann Ahlwardt who has been in the United States since last December has founded The Gentile News, a paper that he uses to express his support for William Jennings Bryan as President while devoting the rest of the space “to violent attack upon the” Jews.

1896: Colonel George Picquart met with General Charles-Arthur Gonse, deputy chief of the French general staff.  Picquart presented the general with evidence proving that Dreyfus was innocent.  The general did not dispute the proof but told Picquart that it really did not matter.  The case was closed.

1896: Relying on information that first appeared in The Chicago Israelite, it was noted today that “Max Nordau and Theodor Herzl, the leaders of the ‘Zionist Movement’ are avowed Agnostics” who totally indifferent to Judaism yet “they appeal for and followers only among the more than extremely orthodox members of their race.”

1896: When David Meyer, an unemployed locksmith applied for a job at butcher shop owned by John Dangels he was assaulted by the owner who said “You can’t work here for I hate sheenys.”

1898: Fifty-three year old William Ulick O'Connor Cuffe, 4th Earl of Desart, the son-in-law of Jewish banker Henri Louis Bischoffsheim and the husband of Ellen Odette Cuffe “the most important Jewish woman in Irish history” passed away today.

1898: Birthdate of Isador Gottlieb, the native of Kiev who gained fame as basketball maven Eddie Gottlieb, the first coach and manager of the Philadelphia Warriors in the National Basketball Association.

1899: “The Ghetto” by Dutch dramatist Henrik Hyermann and with an English adaption by American author Chester Bailey Fernald is scheduled to open up tonight at the Broadway Theatre in New York under the direction of Jacob Litt.

1899: “Yom Kippur Fast Ended” published today described “the merrymaking” that took place on the lower east side “after the holiday ended” which found “the restaurants and dance hall…filled to overflowing.”

1899: In a letter published today, Michael Davitt, the Irish Nationalist MP said “English sympathy for” Dreyfus “is entirely due to the fact that he is a rich Jew instead of a poor one and to the desire to injure a rival nation.”

1901(2nd of Tishrei, 5662): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1902: The reorganized Jewish Theological Seminary of America which had been endowed by $500,000 and had been given a building by Jacob H. Schiff opened today “at 736 Lexington Avenue.”

1903: Birthdate of Izrael Icek Krysztal the native of the village of Malenie in what is now Poland who the world knows as Israel Kristals, the survivor of two world wars who lost his family in the Holocaust and who in 2016 at the age of 112 years and 178 days, he was declared the oldest man in the world. (As reported by Liam Stack)

1906: Birthdate of speed skater Irving Warren Jaffe, the son of Russian-Jewish immigrants who “won two gold medals at the 1932 Winter Olympics.”

1909(29th of Elul, 5669): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1909(29th of Elul, 5669): Reuters reporter James Heckscher the native of Hamburg and resident of London since 1856 who was the first English journalist “to send back news of President Lincoln’s assassination” and headed Reuter’s parliamentary staff where he served as a verbatim reporter” passed away today.

1911: In New York City, Supreme Court Justice Goff refuses the incorporation of congregation “Agudath Achim Kahal Adath Jeshurun on the grounds that the title should be in English.

1911: The police at Munich expel a large number of Jewish families who had migrated from Russia and Galicia on charges of peddling without a license.

1913(13th of Elul, 5673): Eighty-one year old world traveler and author Ármin Vámbéry passed away today.

1913: The trial of Melvin Bellis began.  Called the “Russian Dreyfus Affair”, the trial is covered by hundreds of journalist from Russia, Europe and the United States.

1914(24th of Elul, 5674): Wulf Hoffman passed away.

1914(24th of Elul, 5674): Bene Kirschner passed away.

1915: As of today, in Patterson New Jersey, the Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Trhough the War has raised “more than $4,000 of which $2,500 was contributed by Congregation B’Nai Israel and the remainder by Congregation Ahavath Joseph.

1915: Colonel John Henry, the non-Jewish commander of the British Legion, a unit in his majesty’s service described the Zion Mule Corps in the following words to the Jewish Chronicle:

These brave lads who had never seen shellfire before most competently unloaded the boats and handled the mules whilst shells were bursting in close proximity to them … nor were they in any way discouraged when they had to plod their way to Seddul Bahr, walking over dead bodies while the bullets flew around them … for two days and two nights we marched … thanks to the ZMC the 29th Division did not meet with a sad fate, for the ZMC were the only Army Service Corps in that part of Gallipoli at that time.’

1916:: “Plans for a canvass of more than 100 trades and professional on behalf of the 100 or so Jewish charitable institutions in New York were completed” this “afternoon at a luncheon in the Bankers’ Club, held by the Organization Committee of the Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies” and it was also “announced that the federation would begin a campaign on September 18 to increase the yearly total of Jewish benefactions from $1,500,000 to $2,000,000.”

1916: It was reported today that 65 American women and children seeking to leave Palestine will board the U.S. Navy cruiser Des Moines at Jaffa and “will be taken by the cruiser to the nearest Italian port and transferred to ocean liners for the United States.”

1917: Felix Warburg, the Chairman of the Joint Distribution committee of the Funds for Jewish War Sufferers issued a statement today directed the Jewish population of the United States.  So far the committee has disbursed over $8,000,000 to alleviate the suffering their co-religionist trapped in war-torn Europe.  He reassured that representatives of the committee were directly, or indirectly, in contact with and providing aid to, Jewish communities in Russia, Palestine, Rumanian and various states in the Balkans.  He commended the American Jewish community for raising money for war relief while still meeting the demands of their local charities.  At the end of the statement he extended them “my most cordial good wishes for the New Year.”

1917: Birthdate of David Flusser, a professor of Early Christianity and Judaism of the Second Temple Period at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem who passed away in 2000.

1918(9th of Tishrei, 5679): Erev Yom Kippur

1918: As Jews prepared to go to the synagogue for Kol Nidre, General John Pershing commander of the American Expeditionary Force fighting in Europe sent the following cablegram to Colonel Harry Cutler of Providence, Rhodes Island, Chairman of the Jewish Welfare Board, “The stirring message of greetings from the Jewish Welfare Board is much appreciated…The constant support and cordial assistance of our brothers of the Jewish faith and the thought that all creeds are united one banner gives courage to our army and urges us on to victory.”  Colonel Cutler replied by saying, “This message coming on the eve of the most sacred day of the Jewish calendar, the Day of Atonement will bring cheer to the hearts of millions of American citizens of the Jewish faith.”

1919: Birthdate of Heda Bloch, the native of Prague who gained fame as “Heda Margolius Kovaly, a Czech writer and translator whose memoir, “Under a Cruel Star,” described her imprisonment by the Nazis during World War II and her persecution by the Communists in the 1950s.”

1924: Birthdate of Mordechai Hankovich-Hendin who as Mordechai Tzipori served in the Knesset and as Minister of Communication.  Tzipori was born at Petak Tikva, served with the Irgun before pursuing a career with the IDF.

1925: Today, Max Fleischer and Dave Fleischer who pioneered the use of the “Follow the Bouncing Ball” device “released “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean” which “was the first film to use the follow the bouncing ball gimmick.”

1926: Southpaw featherweight Harry Blitman fought his third bout which was also his third victory – this time by a knockout.

1928(1st of Tishrei, 5698): As Al Smith, the first Roman Catholic to run for President campaigns against Herbert Hoover, Jews celebrate Rosh Hashanah.

1929:  Birthdate of famed physicist Murray Gell-Mann. Murray Gell-Mann was born in New York City. This physicist studied and clarified the puzzling phenomenon of elementary subatomic particles; classifying them as “quarks” within an ordering system he called the Eightfold Way. The achievement earned him the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1969. He also served on the faculties of Chicago University, Princeton University and the California Institute of Technology.

1929: Pitcher Ed Wineapple made his major league debut with the Washington Senators.

1931: Filming of “The Trunks of Mr. O.F.” co-starring Peter Lore and Hedy Lamarr began today.

1932: A week after being released in Austria, “Sehnsucht 202,” a German musical produced by Arnold Pressburger and written by Emeric Pressburger that marked the screen debut of Luise Rainer was released in Germany today.

1933 (24 Elul 5693): Israel Meir Hacohen, the Hafetz Hayim passed away.  Born in 1838, he was prominent Talmudic leader and author who among other accomplishments wrote commentaries on the Sifra and Musser. Earning his living as a teacher and later founding a yeshiva, he consistently refused a rabbinical position. This was partly based on his belief that "he who hates gifts shall live." Rabbi Yisroel Meir HaKohen was one of the greatest figures in modern Jewish history. He was recognized as both an outstanding scholar and an extraordinarily righteous man. His impact on Judaism was phenomenal. It is interesting to note that, despite his great stature; he refused to accept any rabbinical position and supported himself from a small grocery run by his saintly wife in the town of Radin where they lived. Rabbi Yisroel Meir devoted himself to the study and teaching of Torah. “Rabbi Yisroel Meir is perhaps best known for his campaign to teach his fellow Jews about the laws of Lashon Hara (forbidden speech). His first book, Chofetz Chaim, was devoted to this topic. (The name comes from T’hilim (Psalms) 34, "Who is the man that desires life (chofetz chaim)… keep your tongue from evil…." He later published two more books on this subject. The Chofetz Chaim wrote on many subjects and ultimately published over 20 books. Some important ones are Ahavas Chesed (Love of Kindness) on the mitzvah of lending money, Machaneh Yisroel (The Jewish Camp) for Jews serving in non-Jewish armies, and Nidchei Yisroel (The Scattered of Israel) for Jews who moved to places where there were few religious Jews, particularly America. He wrote books about the importance of Torah study and many other important issues. Probably the most important book he wrote was the Mishna Berurah, a six volume commentary on Shulchon Aruch, Orach Chaim (which deals with the laws of daily life and holidays).”

1933: Anne Frank’s father flees Germany and moves to Amsterdam where he opens a firm that sells spices and pectin for jam.

1934: “The Scarlet Empress” a biopic about Catherine the Great directed by Josef von Sternberg who produced the film along with Emanuel Cohen and co-starring Sam Jaffe was released in the United States today

1935: The anti-Semitic Nuremberg racial laws were passed by the Nazis. The Nuremberg Laws defined Reich Citizenship. Citizens of Germany had to be of kindred blood.  All Jews were defined as not being of German blood as a matter of law.  This legalized the division between Aryans and non-Aryans.  Jews were defined as anyone with at least one Jewish grandparent. The Jews are returned to the legal position they had occupied in Germany before their emancipation in the 19th century. Jews can no longer exist as German citizens or marry non-Jews.  At this time, the swastika was adopted as the official symbol of Germany; a symbolic sign of the Nazification of Germany.

1935(17th of Elul, 5695): Seventy-eight year old Chaim Hirschson, the  native of Safed and son of Yaakov Mordechai Hisrschson who was the editor of Jewish writings and Chief Rabbi of Hoboken, NJ passed away today.

1936: “Julius Streicher again employed the opportunity provided by a Nazi party congress to further his plans for an international, not simply a German, campaign against Jews.”

1936: “The executive committee of the World Jewish Congress protested today to the League of Nations against ‘the campaign of threats and defamation organized methodically at the Nuremberg congress by the highest dignitaries of the German Government and the Nazi party’” declaring that “the German allegation that Judaism and bolshevism are identical is absurd.”

1936: U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hulll delivered a speech tonight at the dinner hosted by the Good Neighbor League in which he outlined the cornerstones and parameters of American foreign policy including that “in a democracy, even in the short run the policies of the government must rest upon the support of the people.”  (Editor’s Note – this view should be kept in mind by anyone trying to understand the actions of the Roosevelt administration when it comes to events leading up to and during the Holocaust.”

1936: Accompanied by officials and prominent members of the Federation of Polish Jews in America, the Maccabees of Tel Aviv, soccer champions of Palestine received an official welcome to New York from Mayor La Guardia at the City Hall.

1936: Birthdate of Toronto native Dr. Albert Stanley “Al” Bergman, the psychologist and McGill University professor best  known for having defined and conceptually organized the field of Auditory scene analysis (ASA) in his 1990 book, Auditory Scene Analysis: the perceptual Organization of Sound

1937(10th of Tishrei, 5698): Yom Kippur

1937: The Palestine Post reported that British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden addressed the League of Nations Council, meeting in Geneva. Eden said that in the search for a successful solution to the Palestine crisis Britain was not committed to any definite scheme. He urged sending a new, special League of Nations Commission to Palestine to seek the ways to implement the Royal (Peel) Commission's recommended partition and to negotiate with Jews and Arabs on the provisional boundaries of their proposed states.

1937:  Abdel Barkawi, one of the leaders of the opposition to the Husseini family, was killed by an Arab terrorist in Jenin.

1938: In an article entitled “Arab Nations Lose Zeal on Palestine,” Joseph M. Levy reports that based on reliable information provided by sources in Syria, which is the “headquarters of the Palestinian Arab rebellion,” German and Italian money is subsidizing Arab terrorism in Palestine.

1938: British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain flies to Germany “where he meets with Hitler” at Berchtesgaden to discuss the crisis that the Nazi leader has manufactured over the Sudeten Land, a portion of Czechoslovakia populated by ethnic Germans.

1939: Charles Lindbergh delivers a speech where he calls for American neutrality that contains veiled implications that the Jews are behind any war effort when he asks “who owns and who influences newspaper, the news picture and the radio station.”

1940: Two massive waves of German attacks were decisively repulsed by the RAF. The German defeat caused Hitler to order, two days later, the postponement of preparations for the invasion of Britain. Although the Blitz would last until October, the decision to call of the invasion meant, among other things, that the Jews of the British Isles would not fall victim to the Shoah. Henceforth, in the face of mounting losses in men, aircraft and the lack of adequate replacements, the Luftwaffe switched from daylight to night-time bombing. There was a significant number of Jews (for the size of their population) serving with the RAF during the Battle of Britain. Among the Jews who flew for the RAF was Lt Michael Oser Weizmann, the son of Chaim Weizmann who was killed when his plane was shot down over the Bay of Biscay in 1942.  The body was never recovered.

1940:  “At six in the morning, the police surrounded the house” where Leon Blum was staying and arrested him and incarcerated him “in a medieval castle at Chazeron in the Massif Central.”

1941(23rd of Elul, 5701): The Nazis killed 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania

1941(23rd of Elul, 5701): Eighteen thousand Jews are murdered at Berdichev, Ukraine.

1942: The Nazis begin deporting the Jewish community of Kalush, Ukraine, to the Belzec death camp. It will take 48 hours to complete this vile task.

1942: Mala Zimetbaum, the first woman and the first Jewish woman to escape from Auschwitz-Birkenau was shipped to from Belgium to Auschwitz today aboard Transport 10.

1942(4th of Tishrei, 5703): The Nazis began the week long process of murdering the Jewish community from Kamenka, Ukraine, at the Belzec death camp.

1942: Sixty-nine year old Olga Lehman left Berlin on a transport for Terezin.

1942: One thousand Jews were deported from Lille, France to Auschwitz.  Among the deportees were Mozes Hirschsprung, his wife Helene and their two little children.  Mozes had been born at Auschwitz in 1901 and Helene had been born there in 1909.  At that time, it was border town in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.  Between the world wars, the family had moved to Amsterdam.  They moved to Lille after the start of the war because it would be safer there.  In the end, they would be murdered two miles from the place of their birth. Forty-eight year old Fanny Yerkowski was also among the deportees.  A native of London, she had married a French man before WW II and had settled in Lille.  Twenty-one year old Bernice Winer was also a deportee. She was a citizen of neutral Switzerland.  To the Nazis, a Jew was a Jew was a Jew regardless of his or her nationality. [Source – Holocaust Journey by Martin Gilbert]

1943: By the middle of September members of the corpse-burning detail at the Sobibór death camp, had built an escape tunnel intended to lead them into the camp minefield. Most of the 150 members of the detail are killed.

1943: Commandant Kappler, the SS attaché at the German embassy in Rome summoned Ugo Foa, President of the Rome-Jewish Community to his office and informed him that the Jews of Rome might avoid deportation if they could give him fifty kilograms of gold with the next thirty-six hours.

1944(27th of Elul, 5704): Mala Zimetbaum, the first woman and the first Jewish woman to escape from Auschwitz-Birkenau was sadistically murdered today.

1944: One thousand, five hundred young boys were taken to the Children's Block at Birkenau. Three days later, on Rosh Hashanah Eve, they would be sent to the gas chambers.

1944: U.S. premiere of “Bride by Mistake,” a romantic comedy based on a story by Norman Krasna with a script by Phoebe and Henry Ephron.

1945(8th of Tishrei, 5706): Shabbat Shuva

1945: At the West Side Institutional Synagogue, Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein said, “On this Sabbath of Repentance let us decide to return to our God in prayer and thanksgiving.

1945: It was reported today that “Jewish men and women in the armed forces both at home and abroad will receive opportunity to attend religious services” marking the observance of the Day of Atonement which starts tomorrow evening.

1945: “Declaring that the peculiar role of Israel is to call the world to repentance, the Synagogue Council of America” issued a Yom Kippur message today that read, in part, “The ravaged world, the millions of displace people of broken families of destroyed lands and decimated nations and above all, the terrifying implications of the discovery of atomic energy, are proof that humanity needs a new tur, a return to its spiritual and moral source.”

1947(1st of Tishrei, 5708): David Levin celebrates his first Rosh Hashanah

1948: Catcher Joe Ginsberg made his major league debut with the Detroit Tigers.

1949: ABC broadcast the first episode of “The Lone Ranger” featuring the Masked Man and his Indian companion Tonto for which Stanley Frazen served as “the supervising editor.”

1950: Today, Jordan’s King Abdullah said that if Israel did not remove its forces from the disputed land near the confluence of the Yarmuk and Jordan Rivers within four days, his government would take military action to dislodge the Israelis.

1951: On the eve of Hadassah’s 37th annual convention, delegates received congratulatory telegrams expressing support for the organizations and its goals from Monnett B. David, United States Ambassador to Israel and President Chaim Weizmann.

1951: After 740 performances, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes,” a Jule Styne musical with a book co-authored by Joseph Fields.

 1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the government decided to form a Reparations from Germany Purchasing Mission, attached to the Ministry of Finance. The mission undertook that it would purchase and use the received goods exclusively for the development in four fields: agriculture, industry, transportation and power.

1953(6th of Tishrei, 5714): Erich Mendelsohn a German Jewish architect, known for his expressionist architecture in the 1920s, as well as for developing a dynamic functionalism in his projects for department stores and cinemas passed away.

1955: Forty nine year old Eduard Strauch, a Nazi officer who played a key role in the murder of the Jews of Riga in the Rumbula forest and who had been sentenced to death twice beat the hangman when he died in a Belgium hospital today.

1955: Betty Robbins, the world's first female cantor, led Rosh Hashanah evening services at Temple Avodah of Oceanside, New York. Her appointment as cantor marked the first time that a woman performed the traditional role of cantor in a synagogue anywhere in the world. It generated a tremendous amount of publicity, even making the front page of the New York Times. Robbins had been unanimously approved as the Reform congregation's cantor by its board of trustees the previous July, after the congregation found itself without a cantor for the High Holidays. Although Robbins did not have formal training as a cantor, she had spent her childhood in Germany singing with her synagogue's boys' choir, eventually becoming its soloist (once she adopted a boy's haircut to please the choir's director, who was reluctant to allow a girl to join). Robbins spent much of the rest of her career teaching religious school, and formed and directed several adult and children's choirs. In her retirement, Robbins has conducted religious services on many worldwide Jewish holiday cruises.

1956(10th of Tishrei, 5717): As Ike and Adlai faced off in the Presidential election, Jews observed Yom Kippur and Shabbat.

1958(1st of Tishrei, 5719): For the tenth year in a row, the citizens of an independent Jewish state celebrate Rosh Hashanah

1958: CBS broadcast the final episode of the “The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show” for which Stanley Frazen served as the supervising editor was broadcast today.

1959: Final episode of “The Bob Cummings Show” a sitcom for which Stanley Frazen served as the supervising editor was broadcast today.

1964(9th of Tishrei, 5725): Erev Yom Kippur – Kol Nidre was chanted for first time during the Presidency of Lyndon B. Johnosn.

1966(1st of Tishrei, 5727): Rosh Hashanah

1968: "Barbra Streisand: A Happening in Central Park" Show appeared on CBS TV.

1969: NBC broadcast the first episode of “My World… and Welcome to it” a sitcom created by Melville Shavelson, co-starring Harold J. Stone. 

1971: A new paperback version of Tillie Olsen's classic short story collection Tell Me a Riddle was issued

1975(10th of Tishrei, 5736): Yom Kippur

1976: The Auditorium Building which was designed by Dankmar Adler was designated as a Chicago Landmark today.

1977(3rd of Tishrei, 5738):Tzom Gedaliah

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that Moshe Dayan, the new foreign minister, left for Washington with his draft of a proposed peace treaty with Arab states. He had also carried "an accompanying letter" explaining Israel's stance on the territorial question. In a special interview with this newspaper Dayan explained that there was some identity between his "functional ideas" and US thinking along the lines of a trusteeship for the West Bank.

1978: Meir Amit who had been appointed Minister of Transportation and Minister of Communications in Menachem Begin's government, resigned both posts today after the Democratic Movement for Change broke up. Before entering politics Amit had held the top post in military intelligence before serving as Director of Mossad.

1979: Premiere of “And Justice for All” a film that looks at the dark side of the judicial system with an Oscar nominated script co-authored by Barry Levinson, featuring Lee Strasberg, Darrell Zerwling and Sam Levene at the Toronto International Film Festival.

1981: Birthdate of “American actor, comedian and writer” Ben Schwartz.

1982: An Associated Press report published today stated, "Defence Minister Ariel Sharon, in a statement, tied the killing [of the Phalangist leader Bachir Gemayel] to the PLO, saying 'it symbolizes the terrorist murderousness of the PLO terrorist organizations and their supporters'."

1982: A memorial service is scheduled to be held today at the Riverside Memorial Chapel, to honor the memory of Louis Waldman, a former Socialist State Assemblyman who became one of the city's foremost labor lawyers,

1982: Israeli forces began pouring into west Beirut.  This was part of an ill-fated attempt by the Begin government to pacify Lebanon and destroy the PLO.

1983: Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigns.

1985 (29th of Elul, 5745): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1985: A DC-8 cargo plane returning from Iran and supposedly bound for Malaga, Spain, made an emergency landing in Tel Aviv. Investigation revealed that the plane— recently acquired from an obscure Miami firm by a shadowy Brussels-based "Nigerian" company—had been flying Hawk missiles from the US to Iran via Israel. A Boeing 707 registered to the company had been carrying loads of 1,250 TOW missiles from Israel to Iran via Malaga.

1989: U.S premiere of “Sea of Love” produced by Martin Bregman and co-starring Ellen Barkin.

1991: Birthdate of Israeli singer Roni Daloomi

1991: Jewish History in Provence” published today provides a history of the Cavaillon synagogue which was still standing in the last decade of the 20th century.

1993(29th of Elul, 5753): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1933: Two days after the Oslo Agreements were signed at the White House, at the 1,000-person Reconstructionist University Synagogue in Los Angeles, an American, an Israeli and an Arab were scheduled to read the speeches President Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat had given at Monday's signing ceremony. Rabbi Arnold Rachlis planned to retell the biblical stories of Abraham's banishment of his son Ishmael--said to be the father of the Arab nation--and Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son Isaac--the ancestor of the Jews--to show contemporary connections.

1994(10th of Tishrei, 5755): Yom Kippur

1999: After premiering at the Toronto International Film Festival, “30 Days” starring Ben Shenkman and co-produced by Arielle Tepper Madover, the granddaughter of Philip and Janice H. Levin was released in the United States today.

2000: “In the Penal Colony,” an opera composed by Philip Glass, based on a story by Franz Kafka, premiered today in Seattle, Washington.

2001(27th of Elul, 5761): Twenty-three year old Meir Weisshaus of Jerusalem “was fatally shot in a drive-by shooting today on the Ramot-French Hill Road.

2001(27th of Elul, 5761: Ninety year old television producer Fred De Cordova who was best known for his work with Johnny Carson on Tonight passed away today.

2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including What Lips My Lips Have Kissed: The Loves and Love Poems of Edna St. Vincent Millay by Daniel Mark Epstein, Middle Age A Romance by Joyce Carol Oates, An Old Wife’s Tale: My Seven Decades in Love and War by Midge Decter and Venus In Exile: The Rejection of Beauty in Twentieth-Century Art by Wendy Steiner.

2002: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including The Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence, and Edward Teller by Gregg Herken, Why Terrorism works: Understanding the Threat, Responding to the Challenge by Alan M. Dershowitz and Sharon: Israel's Warrior-Politician by Anita Miller, Jordan Miller and Sigalit Zetouni.

2004: Gary Bettman, the Jewish commissioner of the National Hockey League, announced that the owners again locked the players out prior to the start of the 2004–05 season. Three months later, Bettman announced the cancellation of the entire season with the words "It is my sad duty to announce that because a solution has not yet been attained, it is no longer practical to conduct even an abbreviated season. Accordingly, I have no choice but to announce the formal cancellation of play." The NHL became the first North American league to cancel an entire season because of a labor stoppage.

2004: The Seventh Jerusalem International Chamber Music Festival, under the musical direction of pianist Elena Bashkirova comes to an end.

2004: In the evening, Jews around the world begin the observance of Rosh Hashanah.  This marks the start of the year 5765.

2005: Israel's two chief rabbis meet with Pope Benedict XVI to celebrate the 40th anniversary of a landmark Vatican document on relations with Jews, and urge him to support the fight against anti-Semitism and terrorism. The meeting follows the historic visit by Benedict to the central synagogue in Cologne, Germany last month, the second time a pope had entered a Jewish house of worship. It also follows a diplomatic altercation between the Vatican and Israel that erupted over the pope's omission of Israel in a list of countries hit by terrorism. Prior to the meeting Israeli said the dispute had been resolved.

2005(11th of Elul, 5765): Hundreds of mourners gathered at Jerusalem's Har Hamenuhot cemetery to bury Cyril Harris, the former chief rabbi of South Africa whose body was flown from Cape Town after he died of cancer Tuesday. Harris, credited by many with aiding the transition process in South Africa from apartheid to a free democracy, was a close friend of former South African president Nelson Mandela and one of the only people to speak at Mandela's inauguration in 1994.

2005: The Bergen County Democratic Organization caucused today, to select a candidate to fill the seat for District.  In balloting to fill the position on an interim basis, Loretta Weinberg lost by a 114-110 margin to Charles Zisa. In a separate vote, by a 112-111 margin, Zisa was selected over Weinberg to be the party's candidate on the November ballot. (Weinberg was Jewish; Zisa was not).

2005: The Chair of the SEC Board of Presidents announced that “the contract of Southeastern Conference Commissioner Michael L. Slive has been extended through July 31, 2009.

2006: The Jerusalem Post reported that China has lodged a strong protest with Israel following this week's trip to Taiwan by a Knesset delegation that its ambassador learned about in The Jerusalem Post.

2007: The winners of the 2007 Lasker Awards, widely considered to be one of the most prestigious medical prizes, were announced to the public.  The awards are funded by the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation.  Born in 1880, Lasker, a Jew who made his home in Chicago, is considered by many to be the father of modern advertising.  He passed away in 1952.

2007(3rd of Tishrei, 5768): Shabbat Shuva – Sabbath of Return

2008: Esther Jungreis, the Hungarian born founder of the international Hineni movement in the United States is photograph with the U.S. Ambassador of Hungary.

2008: On the second night of The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival Adam Langer reads from his novel Ellington Boulevard.

2008: As part of the Annual Primo Levi Conference, Centro Primo Levi presents: Primo Levi: Historian and Public Figure. The event features the premiere screening of a documentary on Primo Levi from the archives of the Italian Broadcasting Company followed by a discussion of
Primo Levi's public profile vis-à-vis history and politics. For a full program see

2008: Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.  This marked the demise of a firm that traced its origins to three Jewish brothers from Bavaria – Henry, Emanuel and Mayer – who first settled in Montgomery, Alabama in the 1850’s before moving their operations to New York. The firm ceased to be a family company in the 1920’s.

2009: In Jerusalem, Beit Avi Chai presents "Singing Psalms" with the "Al Palgei Mayim" ensemble, which put Psalms to new tunes. For more than two thousand years, melodies have been hidden among the written words of the Psalms. The "Al Palgei Mayim" ensemble draws its lyrics from these ancient poems that so many of us know and find inspirational. This is a unique project based on new melodies for the Psalms from a contemporary perspective.

2009: Gabriel Oliver Koppell defeated his challenger for a seat on the New York City Council by winning 65% of the vote.

2009(26th of Elul, 5769): Eighty-seven year old Dr. Leon Eisenberg who was a pioneer in the field of autism, attention deficit disorder and other learning disabilities passed away today. (As reported by Benedict Cary)

2009: Rabbi David Kalb leads a program entitled Controversy and Conversion at the 92nd Street Y in which he acknowledges that “conversion is one of the most controversial issues in the Jewish community today and then delves into the different movements of Judaism as he explores each movement's separate approach to conversion and how these differences can create conflict.”

2009: Jerry Nadler was one of three Congressmen who introduced the Respect for Marriage Act today.

2010:  Israeli born pianist Shai Wosner is scheduled to perform tonight with the New York Philharmonic.

2010: U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton is scheduled to meet with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in Jerusalem.

2010: Two mortar shells and two rockets were fired into southern Israel from the Gaza Strip in the early this morning in what would appear to be Hamas's attempts to fulfill threats made by the group on Tuesday promising a wave of violence meant to derail Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.Two mortar shells were fired from the Gaza Strip into the Eshkol Regional Council area in southern Israel this morning. No injuries or damage were reported in the attack. Two rockets were fired from Gaza several hours before the mortar attacks. A Kassam-type rocket exploded south of Ashkelon, causing no injuries or damage. Israeli security forces were searching for the location of the second rocket..Commander of the Gaza Division Brig.-Gen. Eyal Eisenberg said that the IDF held Hamas responsible. “The Gaza Strip is controlled by Hamas, which is a terrorist organization,” he said. “Hamas is in control of the territory and we hold it responsible for what happens in the Strip.

2010: Israeli and Palestinian leaders are "getting down to business" and tackling the main issues of the Middle East conflict, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said today in Jerusalem. "They have begun to grapple with the core issues that can only be resolved through face to face negotiations," she said before another round of negotiations with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

2010: At the Toronto International Film Festival, premiere of
“Peep World” a comedy co-starring Ron Rifkin, Sarah Silverman and Ben Schwartz with narration by Lewis Black.

2010: Janet Maslin reviews Earth (The Book): A Visitor’s Guide to the Human Race written and edited by Jewish faux newsman Jon Stewart, David Javerbaum, Rory Albanese, Steve Bodow and Josh Lieb

2011: Elisheva Carlebach, Salo W. Baron Professor of Jewish History at Columbia University, is scheduled to give an illustrated talk in honor of the coming New Year on Jewish conceptions of time and how these are interwoven with the Jewish sense of history and represented in Jewish imagery entitled. The Center for Jewish History is sponsoring “Genesis: Imagining the Beginning of Time.”

2011: Israeli pianist Matan Porat and Alis Weilerstein are scheduled to perform Beethoven’s Cello Sonata no. 5 in D major, op. 102 at the 14th Jerusalem International Chamber Music Festival.

2011: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Grief of Other by Leah Hager Cohen and The Little Bride by Anna Solomon.
“Female orphan, Jewish, 16 years old, seeks husband to love, house to live in, preferably before the next pogrom. It’s the 1880s in Odessa, and Rosenfeld’s Bridal Service finds the girl, Minna, a match in America. Soon she is shipped off to Max, who has claimed land in the Dakota Territory to escape religious persecution himself. Minna arrives to discover she’s engaged to an old man (he’s 40), and, most inconveniently, will be stepmother to a strapping 18-year-old named Samuel. Max’s other son, Jacob, is a mere year younger than Minna. Max isn’t a bad guy, but he is a terrible farmer, losing his wheat crop to a storm after refusing to harvest on the Sabbath. They barely make it through the winter, their bodies and stifled longings all cramped together in a mud cave. Minna is a terrifically complex heroine: a little snobby, a little selfish and wholly sympathetic.”

2011: British Ambassador to Israel Matthew Gould announced today that the Queen of England has signed an amendment to a bill that will prevent the issuing of arrest warrants against Israeli officials. “

2011: Thousands of Turkish protesters gathered outside the soccer stadium in Istanbul where Maccabi Tel Aviv was playing against Turkish team Beşiktaş, waving Hezbollah flags and chanting anti-Israel slogans..

2011: Dozens of Muslim Brotherhood activists held a demonstration in front of the Israeli embassy in Amman, Jordan, demanding the cancellation of peace accords between the two countries and calling for the deportation of the Israeli ambassador.

2011(16th of Elul, 5772): Ninety-two year Francis Bay, the Canadian born Jewish character actress passed away.

2011(16th of Elul, 5772): Ninety-year old Suzy Eban, the widow of Abba Eban, who charmed Americans into loving Israel while he served as Ambassador to the United States, passed away today.

2012: The Jerusalem International Chamber Music Festival is scheduled to come to an end.

2012: As the attacks by murderous Muslim mobs spreads from North Africa, to India, Indonesia and Australia, the video that has supposedly enraged so many turns out to have been made by an expatriate Coptic Egyptian and not some mysterious Jew as originally reported.

2012: On the last Shabbat of 5722 and the second to the last day of that year, The Crescent City News published a summary of the events of the year “The year that was 5772.”

2012: The Palestinian Authority today accused Hamas of exploiting peaceful protests against the high cost of living to spread chaos and anarchy in the West Bank.

2013: The exhibition, "Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait," is scheduled to come to an at the Jewish Museum in London

2013: JCRS (Jewish Children Regional Services) volunteers are scheduled to wrap thousands of small gifts that comprise 2013's JCRS Hanukkah Gift Program at the Goldring/Woldenberg Metairie Campus. 

2013: The Lebanese newspaper Al-Mustaqbal reported today that “20 trucks laden with equipment used in the manufacture of chemical weapons were driven across the border from Syria into Iraq” for the last two days.

2013: Lawrence H. Summers, one of President Obama’s closest economic confidants and a former Treasury secretary, withdrew his name from consideration for the position of chairman of the Federal Reserve opening up the way for possible confirmation of another Jewish candidate – Janet Yellen.

2014: “As part of the European Days of Jewish Culture and Heritage, the Wiener Library is scheduled to host “a special tour exploring the experience of women with the archives.”

2014: Dr. Harvey E. Goldberg, Professor Emeritus, The Sarah Allen Shaine Chair in Sociology and Anthropology at Hebrew University of Jerusalem is scheduled to deliver a lecture on  "Ritual Mutuality in North Africa: Jews and Muslims listen to the Ten Commandments in the Synagogue” at the University of Connecticut.

2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a screening of “The Fighting 69,” the first in a series of films to be shown about Jews and World War I.

2014(20 Elul): Yahrzeit of Dr. Jacob  Levin, of blessed memory, beloved husband of Betty, loving father of Michael (Gigi Cohen) Levin, Stephen (Dian Garton) Levin, Sharon (Philip) Wein and Lawrence (Sandra Morrison) Levin and proud Zaide to a whole tribe of grandchildren.   To his brother Joe, he was the incomparable “Yaenkel” and to me his was my wonderful Uncle Jack – living proof that good guys finish first.

2014: “Hundreds of members of UNDOF, the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force stationed on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights, crossed the border into Israel today, after recent clashes with al-Qaeda-linked militants.”

2014(20th of Elul, 5774): Eighty-seven year old Yithak Hofit, the Mossad chief who played a key role” in the Raid on Entebbe passed away today.

2015(2nd of Tishrei, 5776): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah 

2015: “Rabbi Abby Jacobson of Conservative Emanuel Synagogue in Oklahoma City will not speak about Iran” because her congregants “are dwarfed by the surrounding culture and they tend to want to talk about something Jewish when they come” to services.

2015(2nd of Tishrei, 5776): Ninety-seven year old Terry Rosenbaum, a victim of the Right Wing’s anti-Communist mania passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)

2015: “The Intern” a comedic look at the modern world of business directed and produced by Nancy Meyers who also wrote the script premiered in Belgium today.

2015: “Torrential rains and hail pelted southern Israel” this evening “forcing the closure of roads and flight delays just days after a severe sandstorm and high temperatures hit the region.” (Times of Israel)

2015. This evening Prime Minister Netanyahu is scheduled to meet with Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon, Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked, Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein and representatives of the security forces” “to discuss the ongoing violence on the Temple Mount” which has already claimed the life of one Israeli. (As reported by Times of Israel)

2016: The Pace Gallery is scheduled to host a reception marking the opening of “Night” an “exhibition of a new body of work” by Israeli born artist Michael Rovner.

 

 

 

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