JUNE 4 In Jewish History
1039: Conrad II passed away. Born in 990, he served Holy Roman Emperor from 1027 until his death. His reign was part of positive period for the Jews of the Rhineland. The first synagogue was built in Worms in 1034 and Rabbi Gershom ben Judah taught at his famous academy in Mainz until his death in 1028.
1391: A riotous mob led by the Queen Mother's confessor, killed many Jews in Seville, Spain. The massive riots were part of Ferran Martinez’s plan to eradicate the Jews. Historian Netanyahu stated the assault upon the Jewish community "resulted in a bloodbath of massive proportions that all but annihilated the Sevillian Juderia."
1672(9th of Sivan): Rabbi Moses Rikves, author of Be’er ha-Golah passed away
1697: Birthdate Rabbi Jacob Israel Emden, the Altona born Talmudic scholar most famous for his fight against those whom he considered to be Sabbateans. His most famous dispute was the one with Rabbi Jonathan Eybeschutz.
1738: Birthdate of King George III, the British monarch best remembered as the ruler during the American Revolution. During his reign conditions of his Jewish subjects would improve on several fronts as can be seem from the establishment of the London Board of Shechita, establishment of the Jews’ Free School and Jewish Blind Society.
1751(11th of Sivan): Rabbi Abraham Geron of Adrianople, author of Tikkun Soferim passed away
1840: During the Damascus Affair, Adolphe Cremieux, vice president of the
of French Israelites, dispatched an appeal to Sir Moses Montefiore, President
of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, to join with him and a delegation
from the French Jewish community in a visitation to Mehemet Ali in . Alexandria, Egypt
1852: Beth Hamedrash Hagadol “a congregation for Russian Jews was formed with the help of former German Jewish immigrants. This traditional congregation opened a school and soon became the center of Orthodoxy in the U.S. Abraham Joseph Ash, an halachic authority, was elected as its rabbi in 1860 and held the position until his death in 1888. So as not to be dependent on a community salary, he also tried his hand in business without much success.” While some like to emphasize the cleavages between the different elements of the New York Jewish community, this synagogue formed for Russian Jews, with support from German Jews, received financial assistance from a Sephardic Jew, a member of Shearith Israel, who provided funds that helped with the congregation’s purchase of its first building.
1857: The Springfield Republican reported that Isaac Jackson a Jewish boy who was either 17 or 18 years old had been robbed and shot to death by Charles Jones while he was driving a wagon on the road between Westfield and Russell, MA in a case of what the paper described as “a dreadful murder.” Jackson was one of four brothers who owned a store at Westfield and delivered merchandize to the surrounding towns. The murder appeared to have taken place on the first of June. The missing wagon and the corpse were discovered on the second of June. Charles Jones, a violent man with a criminal record has been taken into custody.
1873: According to a report published today, the following New York City institutions received these payments from the Excise Fund New York:Hebrew Free Schools: 1871 - $3899.00 1872 - $1806.00
Polomes Talmud Torah School: 1871- $420.00
1877: U.S. Secretary of State Seward received a letter from Meyer S. Isaacs, President of the Board of Delegates of American Israelites which requests that American diplomats help to protect Jews of Russian birth living in and around Jerusalem. The ruling Ottomans were hostile to the Jews because they were Russian and because they were Jews.
1878: The Ottoman Empire ceded control of Cyprus to the British Empire. Ironically, Benjamin Disraeli was the Prime Minister when this happened. After all for Jews, British control of the island has a negative connotation. They turned the island into a giant prison for Jewish refugees trying to get into Eretz Israel during after World War II.
1880: Sarah Bernhardt signed a contract today for a series of 60 performances to be given this winter at Booth’s Theatre.
1882: A conference of delegates representing Jewish organizations from across the United States and Europe opened this morning at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum to discuss how to cope with the increasing stream of Jewish immigrants from Russia. The Executive Committee of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society had issued the call for the meeting and H.S. Henry, the Society’s President, presided over the opening session. Henry said that since its founding in December of 1881, HIAS has collected over $75,000, all but $7,000 of which it has spent on helping over 3,000 immigrants. The leaders discussed the seemingly overwhelming task of helping their suffering co-religionists but affirmed their commitment to do so. One of the practical programs discussed was the settling of refugees in the open tracts of land in Minnesota and the Dakotas. According to figures presented to the conference it would take over a thousand dollars to provide a single agricultural settler with everything from provisions, fuel, seed, livestock, 80 acres of land, materials to build a house, furnishings and provisions until the first harvest is sold.
1882: “A general conference of delegates from the various Jewish societies in the United States” which had been convened to discuss the challenges related to the continuous arrival of refugees from Russia opened this morning in New York at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum. “The meeting was called to order by H.S. Henry, President of the Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society of the United States.
1882: It was reported today that appeal is being circulated in Paris to secure funds to help Jews leave Russia. Famed author Victor Hugo’s name is at the top of the list of those who signed the appeal.
1882: It was reported today that President Chester A. Arthur and former President U.S. Grant are among the leaders who will be attending the upcoming fundraiser designed to provide aid for Jewish refugees from Russia.
1882: It was reported today that European Jews are debating the direction Russian immigrants should take – west to the United States or east to Palestine. An un-named Anglo Jewish citizen contends that the United States is the better of the two destinations. The movement to settle Palestine “is a mere hobby of Protestant Christians.” The Ottoman government would not support the settlement and the Jews would be moving to a country less civilized than the one they are leaving. Among the advantages offered by the United States are a high state of civilization, large unsettled areas and the 400,000 Jews already living there who would help the newcomers.
1886(1st of Sivan, 5645): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
1897: The first issue of "Die Welt" appears. The English Hovevei Zion officially dissociates itself from the Zionist Congress.
1899: The Neue Freie Presse publishes Herzl's editorial about the return of Colonel Dreyfus.
1900: Birthdate of Nelson Glueck, American Jewish archaeologist. Director of the
of Oriental Research in American School between 1932
and 1947, he explored and dated over 1,000 ancient sites in Jerusalem and the Palestine Near East.
One of his popular works was Rivers in the Desert.
1902: While in
, Herzl receives the
invitation to appear before the Royal Commission for Alien Immigration in Paris . The meeting is
scheduled to last two days. London
1903: Herzl renews his efforts to gain support Great Britain and again submits plans to Constantinople for a Charter for Mesopotamia.
1909: The President of the Turkish Chamber of Deputies speaks in favor of Jewish immigrants being admitted to the Ottoman Empire. He sees it a as a necessity for the growth of the country.
1911: The Hahambashi receives several telegrams from Arabia and Syria describing attacks on Jews. Details of the attacks were given to the authorities who could then intervene.
1912: Massachusetts became the first state to pass a minimum wage law. Boston attorney Louis Brandeis, the future Supreme Court Justice, was an ardent advocate for minimum wage laws.
1916: Herman Bernstein, editor of The American Hebrew received a cable from Lord Reading, Chief Justice of England, expressing his approval of Louis Brandeis taking his seat on the Supreme Court. “Membership in the Supreme Court of the United States,” the English jurist wrote, “is one of the greatest distinctions known to the legal world and I heartily congratulate the new Associate Justice.”
1917: Birthdate of Howard Metzenbaum. A Democrat and a liberal, Metzenbaum served in the U.S. Senate representing the state of
1917: The Pulitzer Prizes for journalism, literature and music are awarded for the first time.
premier honor for arts and literature was created under the terms of the will
of publisher Joseph Pulitzer, an immigrant from America whose father was Jewish and
whose mother was Roman Catholic. Hungary
1917: During World War I Jules Cambon, Director-General of the French Foreign Ministry wrote to Nahum Sokolow offering vague words of support for Zionist efforts in
. Much to the chagrin of the French,
these vague assurances helped pave the way for the issuance of the Balfour
1918: Catcher Bob Berman made his major league debut with the Washington Senators.
1918: Encouraged by the British, “Dr. Chaim Weizmann met the Emir Feisal, the leader of the Arab Revolt, near the
, and worked out with him what
seemed to be a satisfactory Arab support for a Jewish National Home in port of Akaba .” Palestine
1919: Birthdate of Robert Merrill. Born Morris (Moishe) Miller in Brooklyn, New York, Merrill was the son of two Jewish immigrants from Warsaw named Milstein who Americanized their name to Miller. Robert Merrill became one of the greatest operatic baritones of the 20th century. Lest anyone question his Jewishness please note that when Merrill died in 2004 he was buried in the Sharon Gardens Cemetery, the Jewish section of the Kenisco Cemetery.
1926: Dr. Nathan Ratnoff, Chairman of a Joint Hospital Committee representing Hadassah, the Women’s Zionist Organization of America and the American Physicians’ Committee, announced plans to establish a college of medicine at Hebrew University and to upgrade hospital facilities at the Mt. Scopus institution as part of a program to improve health conditions for those living in Palestine. The committee plans on raising at least one million dollars to make the plans a reality.
1926: In Kiel, Germany, Rosel (née Zamora) and Rabbi Max Malina gave birth to Judith Malina “an American theater and film actress, writer, and director, who was one of the founders of The Living Theatre.”
1927: Two weeks after Charles Lindbergh landed in Paris, Charles Levine’s plan Columbia took off from New York for what was supposed to be the first flight to Berlin. Clarence Chamberlin was the pilot, but Levine was planning to lay claim to being the first trans-Atlantic passenger. The flight ended at Eisleben, 100 miles short of Berlin but was longer than the Lone Eagle’s flight.
1928: Birthdate of Dr. Ruth Westheimer, self-described sex therapist and author.
1931: It was reported today that Miss Dorothy Duveen, the only daughter of Jewish art dealer Sir Joseph Duveen is engaged to marry the son and heir of Sir William Garthwaite, William F.C. Garthwaite.
1931(19th of Sivan, 5691): Mortimer L. Schiff “an American banker and notable early Boy Scouts of America (BSA) leader” passed away. “Mortimer Leo Schiff was the only son of the German-Jewish American banker and philanthropist Jacob Schiff and his wife Therese. While he worked as a partner in the financial firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. from 1900 until his death in 1931, he also devoted much of his time to the development of scouting in America. He was a member of the World Scout Committee of the World Organization of the Scout Movement and the Theodore Roosevelt Council Executive Board. After a long tenure as vice-president of the BSA beginning in 1910, during which he also appeared on the cover of Time magazine on February 14, 1927, he was elected president of the organization in 1931. However, his untimely death came only one month later. He had also been serving as the BSA's International Commissioner for several years.The property for the Mortimer L. Schiff Scout Reservation was subsequently purchased by his mother, named in his honor, and donated to the BSA for their national training center. His son John Mortimer Schiff was also involved with the BSA.” Schiff was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, granted by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting. Both Mortimer and his son, John M. Schiff, received Silver Buffalo Awards from the BSA.”
1931: Birthdate of Sir Gustav Victor Joseph Nossal, AC, CBE, FRS, FAA, an Australian research biologist.
1936: In Poland, the Prime Minister, F. Slawoj-Skladkowski, declared his support for the "economic war" against the Jews.
1936: Leon Blum became the first Jew to be elected premier of France. Blum, a socialist, instituted the 40-hour work week and many important social reforms. His government fell over lack of parliamentary support for his financial program, lasting only one year.
1937(25th of Sivan, 5697): Helmut Hirsch,a German Jew who was executed by decapitation, for his part in a bombing plot intended to destabilize the German Reich. There had been several efforts to intervene to save his life including a 11th hour appeal to Hitler who turned down the request. While details about the actual plan may be sketchy, there is no reason to doubt his courage.
1937: The Palestine Post reported from London that the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Ormsby-Gore, told the House of Commons that in view of the changed financial and security situation in Palestine, and the uncertainty regarding the country's future, pending the awaited recommendations of the Royal (Peel) Commission, he could not encourage the initiation of any schemes for immediate development in Palestine. He was leaving, however, open options for urgent development projects approved by the Palestine High Commissioner, Sir Arthur Wauchope.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that Kemal Bey, the well-known Arab terrorist who led the attack against Tel Yosef in 1921, was killed in his village in the Huleh area, as a result of a family dispute.
1939: The SS St. Louis, a German passenger liner carrying 900 Jewish refugees was denied permission to dock at any ports in
The ship steamed off the coast of the Florida where the passengers
could see the lights of United States . The Coast Guard had orders to keep the Miami and its Jewish
passengers from reaching the St. Louis .
The ship and its wretched cargo returned to the United
where many perished in the Holocaust.
This episode became the basis for the film “Voyage of the Damned.”
issued an order depriving all Jews of their property and compelling them to
wear a yellow badge with the letter Z. republic of Croatia
1942(19th of Sivan, 5702): Mordechai Gebirtig, Yiddish poet and songwriter was murdered by the Nazis in the Krakow Ghetto on what was known as “Bloody Thursday.”
1942: Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Security Police and SD, dies of blood poisoning caused by injuries suffered in the May 27 attack by Czech partisans. Heydrich chaired the conference in January of 1942 when the plans for the last phase of the final solution were set in motion. The Czechs who killed him were working for the British and his killing really had nothing to do with his virulent anti-Semitic attitudes or plans.
1942: The Battle of Midway begins and will last until June 6, 1942. The American victory over
major turning point on the road to victory for the Allies. The victory was an audacious gamble pulled
off by a comparatively small number of Japan naval vessels against a major
Japanese armada. If the U.S. had lost,
the Pacific coast would have been open to invasion. It would have meant that the U.S. would have to abandon its "Hitler First" policy which had set defeating the Nazis as the first priority of World War II. This would have meant untold more numbers of Jews would have been consumed in the Shoah. The American victory was made possible, in
part, by the ability of the Americans to read the Japanese code. The team that cracked the code was led by
Colonel William Friedman. Friedman was
the son of Russian immigrant Jews. He
and his wife were two of the top cryptologists of the 20th
century. This was no mean fete in the
days before computers were available. U.S.
1943(1st of Sivan, 5703): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
1945: Lyndon Johnson visited
. According to Lady Bird, when her
husband returned home, "he was still shaken, stunned, terrorized and
bursting with an overpowering revulsion and incredulous horror at what he had
seen." What most people did not know was that Johnson had helped to bring Jews into the United States through Mexico. Also, his experience at Dachau may help to explain why as President 22 years later he supported Israel when the Arabs sought to destroy her. Dachau
1945: Soldiers of the Jewish Brigade had their first contact with Jews from central or Eastern Europe when four young men who had traveled from Poland, Rumania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia arrived at their camp at Tarvisio, Italy.
1948(26th of Iyar, 5708); Samuel Krauss passed away today in Cambridge. Born in 1866, he served as professor at the Jewish Teacher’s Seminary in Budapest from 1894 to 1906 and then moved on to the Jewish Theological Seminary in Vienna where he stayed until the Anschluss forced to take refuge in England in 1938. He was the author of the pioneering work on archaeology, Talmudische Archäologie
1950: In article entitled “Trouble-Shooter Diplomat,” Gertrude Samuels provides a detailed portrait of Israeli Diplomat Eliahu Elath who represented Israel at the San Francisco Conference in 1945, served as Israel’s first Ambassador to the United States and was about to assume a similar position at the Court of St. James.
1951(29th of Iyyar, 5711): Russian born American symphony conductor Dr. Sergei Aleksandrovich Koussevitzky passed away. Born in 1874, Serge, as he was known, was music director of the Boston Symphony for a quarter of a century.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported from London that West Germany had tentatively offered to negotiate with Israel a reparations offer, totaling approximately $585 million, on the basis of 10 annual payments. The Times warned
not to make this
restitution offer entirely at the expense of its other contractual creditors,
and thus shirk its responsibility for the wrongs done to Jews by Hitler's Germany . Germany
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that The Knesset approved amendments to the Patents and Designs Ordinances, aimed at fulfilling the requirements of the International Charter of 1934.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that restrictions were announced on a gradual reduction of interurban and urban bus services, ordered by the government in order to save fuel and foreign currency. Plans were made, however, for a complete end to the rationing of all textiles.
1956: New York Mayor Robert Wagner and Israeli Air Force General Shlomo Shamir addressed the annual donor luncheon of the Mizrachi Women’s Organization of America at the Waldorf-Astoria. Mayor Wagner told the 1,200 attendees that “the children in the State of Israel must receive every opportunity to grow up to become leaders and defenders of their country.”
1964: Dodger pitcher Sandy Koufax threw his third no-hitter beating the Phillies, 3-0.
1967: Meir Amit reported to the cabinet meeting that U.S. Secretary Robert McNamara had said "I read you loud and clear." in response to Amit’s request “All we want is three things: One, that you refill our arsenal after the war. Two, that you will help us in the UN. Three, that you will isolate the Russians from the arena." Amit told the cabinet this was a green light from the United States if Israel launched a pre-emptive strike against its Arab enemies.
1967: For seven hours Israel’s National Unity Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Levi Eshkol met to hear a review of the military options presented by Moshe Dayan as well as an update by intelligence sources on the situation in the Egyptian military command. Egyptian generals were pressuring
Nasser to let them
strike the first blow. The “Arab
streets” were demanding action. Delay
enemy. Each day the Arab forces grew
stronger, while Israel ’s
forces were at their “optimum level.”
The Cabinet agreed that the military option was all that was left. The Cabinet voted unanimously to let Eshkol
and Dayan choose the time and place of attack.
After the Cabinet adjourned, the two Israeli leaders agreed that H-hour
was 7:45, Monday, June 5. Israel
1970(29th of Iyar, 5730): Comedian Menasha Skulni, known as Menasha the Magnificent, passed away at the age of 78.
1972: Joseph Brodsky, Russian born Jewish poet and essayist who would go on to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1987 and would serve as Poet Laureate of the United States in 1991 and 1992, was expelled from the Soviet Union.
1981: The New York Times reported that George Balanchine, choreographer and artistic director of the New York City Ballet, has received the Jewish National Fund's first Tarbut Award, given to the choreographer in honor of his ''great achievements in expanding the scope and dimension of dance in America and throughout the world.''
1982: In attempt to dislodge the PLO from its bases, Israel attacked targets in south Lebanon
1986: Jonathan Pollard, spy for
pled guilty in US court Israel
1989: Wendy Wasserstein became the first woman to win a Tony Award for Best Play, for The Heidi Chronicles,
1990(11th of Sivan, 5750): Jack Gilford passed away at the age of 82, a victim of stomach cancer. He gained fame as comedic actor whose "rubber face" was an acting trademark gained additional fame playing a piece of fruit in the Fruit of the Loom commercials.
1995: Outfielder Brian Kowitz made his major league debut with the Atlanta Braves.
2000: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback edition of The Lexus and the Olive Tree by Thomas L. Friedman.
2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback editions of Perfectly Reasonable Deviations From the Beaten Track: The Letters of Richard P. Feynman, Edited by Michelle Feynman, What We Owe Iraq: War and the Ethics of Nation Building by Noah Feldman and Wilt, 1962: The Night of 100 Points and the Dawn of a New Era by Gary Pomerantz.
2006: In a show of the changing face of Jewish involvement in all facets of life Haaretz reported that Israeli tennis player Shahar Peer advanced to the last sixteen of the French Open, after a resounding 6-4, 7-5 defeat of sixth-seeded Russian Elena Dementieva. Peer, ranked 26 in the world, has won three out of three tournaments this year - Pattaya, Prague and Istanbul - but this is her first win against a top ten player who has also competed in two Grand Slam finals.
2007: An article about Scholar and Rabbi Jacob Neusner entitled “The Pope’s Favorite Rabbi” appears in Time Magazine. The brief article briefly describes Neusner’s view of Christianity and their impact on Pope Benedict XVI. The Pope devotes 20 pages of his new book to A Rabbi Talks with Jesus, a 161-page tome published in 1993. In that volume, the professor (now at Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.) and non-congregational rabbi projected himself back into the Gospel of Matthew to quiz Jesus on the Jewish law. He found the Nazarene's interpretation irredeemably faulty. In his 14-years-delayed response, Benedict not only compliments Neusner as a "great Jewish scholar" but also recapitulates the thesis of A Rabbi Talks and spends a third of one of his 10 chapters answering it.
2008: In Washington, D.C., the AIPAC Policy Conference comes to an end.
2008(1st of Sivan, 5768): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
2008: A judge declared a mistrial in the case of Navee Haq, the man who stormed into a Jewish center two years ago and shot six women, killing one, as he ranted against
and the Israel war. The jurors appeared to be hopelessly
deadlocked over whether or not he was guilty by reason of insanity. Iraq
2008: The Historical Society of Jews from Egypt asked the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to intervene on its behalf with government in Cairo since the Egyptians have refused to release archives connected to the Jewish community. The historical society's members consist of Jews worldwide whose families have been exiled from Egypt since the 1950s. According to the society's president Desire Sakkal nearly half a million Jews originally from Egypt and their descendants live outside the country. In 1948, around 100,000 Jews lived in Egypt, but by 2007 that number had dropped to between 20 and 100. Another organization, the World Congress of the Jews from Egypt, has been working to recover the property of Jews who were exiled in 1948. The Historical Society of Jews from Egypt had requested ownership of or access to the books, birth certificates, "civil paper" and 120 holy books belonging to the community, Sakkal said. "It's our history, everything we own going back hundreds and hundreds of years," he said. However, Egypt has refused to release the documents to the historical society. Sakkal said this was a consequence of the Egyptians' fear of restitution claims. "Very clearly Egypt is trying to deny our existence. They are afraid that if we can claim that we are Egyptians, that we were born there, then our grandchildren could come there one day and claim everything that they confiscated from us," he said. The Egyptian Embassy had no comment.
2009: Elinor Lipman, author of the bestselling novels The Inn at Lake Devine and Isabel's Bed, reads from her new novel, The Family Man, at Sixth and I Historic Synagogue (formerly Adas Israel) in Washington, D.C.
2009: The Israeli government praised U.S. President Barack Obama's speech to the Muslim world today, saying it shared his hopes for Middle East peace, but stressed that Israel's security interests remained paramount. "We share President Obama's hope that the American effort heralds the opening of a new era that will bring an end to the conflict and to general Arab recognition of Israel as the nation of the Jewish people that lives in security and peace in the Middle East," an official statement said after Obama's address in Cairo.
2010: The “Waiting Room,” the first New York solo exhibition of Be’er Sheva native Maya Bloch is scheduled to open at Thierry Goldberg Projects.
2010: At Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA, Friday night services feature the baby-naming ceremony for Nicole Charley Hurwitz, the second granddaughter of Ivy and Bill Hurwitz.
2010: The Baltimore Zionist District is scheduled to sponsor “A Rally to Stand in Solidarity with Israel” at the corner of Pratt and Light Street in Baltimore, MD.
2010(22nd of Sivan, 5770): Ninety-nine year old Himan Brown who created a series of classic radio dramas including “The Adventures of the Thin Man”, “Dick Tracy,” and “Inner Sanctum” passed away today. (As reported by Joseph Berger)http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/07/arts/07brown.html
2011(2nd of Sivan, 5771): Eighty three year old Felix Zandman, the Holocaust survivor who “founded Vishay Intertechnology Inc., a $2 billion electronics firm traded on Wall Street that supplies the computer, aerospace and other industries” passed away today.
2011(2nd of Sivan, 5771): Ninety-one year old Leo Greenland, advertising man par excellence, passed away. (As reported by Maraglit Fox)
2011: The great New Zealand soprano Kiri Te Kanawa is scheduled to give a rare recital tonight at the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei Hauma )
2011: “Sundaes on Saturday” will be the theme of this month’s traditional Shabbat Minyan at Temple Judah featuring a Kiddush where attendees will make their own ice cream concoctions as everybody gets in the Shavuot Mood.
2011: Thousands visited Krakow's seven historic synagogues in an unprecedented event aimed to foster Jewish identity among Krakow's small Jewish community. The event was also designed to educate non-Jewish Poles about contemporary Jewish culture. Called "Seven at Night," today’s event was sponsored by the Krakow Jewish Community Center, the Joint Distribution Committee and Krakow Jewish communal organization. It started with a public Havdalah ceremony in the courtyard of the JCC, then the seven synagogues in the city's historic Jewish district, Kazimierz, were open from 10:30 p.m. until 2 a.m. Each synagogue hosted an exhibit, concert, panel discussion or other activity highlighting Jewish life and culture as lived today. All events were free. They ranged from talks on "the ABCs of Judaism" by Krakow Rabbi Boas Pash to a concert by an Israeli rock band and a panel discussion on Polish Jewish youth. Organizers estimated that more than 5,000 people visited the synagogues, often waiting in long lines to gain entry. "It far, far exceeded our expectations," JCC director Jonathan Ornstein told JTA.
2011: Around 5,000 people took part in a march in central Tel Aviv this evening supporting the establishment of a Palestinian state based on the 1967 borders. The march ended with a rally at the Tel Aviv Museum. MKs Dov Khenin (Hadash) and Zahava Galon (Meretz) and playwright Yehoshua Sobol gave speeches.”
2012: Melting away “the first feature film in the history of Israeli cinema dealing with the parents' perspective on having a transgender child” is scheduled to be shown in Washington, DC.
2012: The 92nd Street Y is scheduled to offer “It’s Magic: Nine Decades of Songs from Warner Brothers” which celebrates the role of music at the studio owned by four Jewish brother starting with “The Jazz Singer.”
2012: In Jerusalem, the Israel Festival is scheduled to host “Theatre ad Infinitum” at the Khan Theatre.
Copyright; June, 2012; Mitchell A. Levin email@example.com