JUNE 25 In Jewish History
1218: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, who expelled the Jews from Leicester, died.
1221 Although the Archbishop of Canterbury forbade anti-Jewish riots in Erfurt, Germany, they continued unabated. A group of religious 'pilgrims' on their way to the
Holy Land attacked the Jewish quarter
burning two synagogues. Some 26 Jews were killed and others threw themselves
into the fire rather then be forcibly converted.
1240: In Paris, a commission that was making an inquiry into the nature of the Talmud with a specific interest into alleged derogatory comments about Jesus began its deliberation.
1477: At Ferrara, Italy, Abraham die Tintori completed printing Tur Yorch De’ah a work of halacha by Jacob ben Asher. Born in Cologne in 1269 he was known as the Ba’al ha-Turim, the Master of the Rows. His works were divided in four turim or rows. The term probably comes from the tur or row of Jewels on the breastplate of the High Priest described in the Torah. According to sketchy information he lived in Chios, Greece before arriving at Toledo where he reportedlypassed away in 1343.
1629: Rabbi Yom Tov Lipman Heller set out for Vienna to face baseless accusations that he had abused his powers as Chief Rabbi of Prague when raising funds demanded by the government to help pay for fighting the Thirty Years War.
1644: Lope de Vera (
the Believer) was drawn to Judaism by the outrages of the Inquisition. He
converted, and during his confinement in prison, he circumcised himself with a
bone. He was then burned for refusing to yield to the Inquisition. Judah
1656: Rabbi Menashe Ben Yisrael applied for official permission to practice Judaism in
The Council of State granted permission. This took place during the period when
Oliver Cromwell was in effect the ruler of England . Cromwell and his followers
were devout Christians. The agreed to the readmission of the Jews to England
because it was pointed out to them that the Second Coming could not take place
until Jews populated all parts of the world. England
1756: Provincial Governor Sir Charles Hardy confirms the last will and testament of Abraham Mendes Seixas. The will had been translated from Portuguese into English.
1784: The Jewish Benevolent Society of South Carolina, the oldest Jewish charitable organization in the United States, was founded today.
1788: Virginia ratified the U.S. Constitution making it the tenth state to enter the Union.
1846(1st of Tammuz, 5605): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1851: Adolphus Simeon Solomons who “was a moving force in helping to establish the American Red Cross” “married Rachel Seixas Phillips, a descendant of colonial patriot families. They had eight daughters and a son.”
1856: An article entitled “The Way they treat the Jew in England” reports that “The statesman who undertakes in England to bring forward a measure for the admission of the Jews to the same rights and privileges enjoyed by other citizens of that country, simply dooms himself to the Sisyphean labor of rolling up each year to the House of Lords a measure which is quietly rolled hack again.”
1858: An article published today entitled “The Jew Bill in Parliament – Prospect of a Concession” spoke approvingly of a compromise proposed by Lord Lucan. His compromise would allow the Lords and the Commons to each adopt their own wording for the Oath of Office to be used by those members who, for religious or other reasons, could not use the current form of the oath. In effect, Lord Lucan’s compromise would permit either the two Houses of Parliament to admit Jews by resolution. Since the Commons favors the admission of Jews and the Lords opposes their right to sit in Parliament, Lucan’s compromise would get the supporters of the “Jew Bill” half way to their destination. The compromise was withdrawn because the members of the Commons objected to it. If they had not, it appears that sufficient numbers of the Lords would have voted for it even though they object to Jews serving in either house of the English legislature.
1870: Birthdate of Helena Rubinstein, one of the creators of the American cosmetics industry.
1871: The Jewish Messenger complained that while there were a number of wealthy Jews in America who were “good men and true” they seemed to be more interested in making money than they were in taking part in projects to promote the civic good. The Messenger compared the behavior of the Americans with that of their European counter-parts who were “prominent in all public matter – whether to relieve the poor or honor the rich; to rect a statue to the living or a monument to the dead.”
1875: In Gutenberg, Germany, Isidor Straus and Rosalie Ida Blun gave birth to Jesse Isidor Straus, scion of the famous Straus department store family who served as FDR’s first Ambassador to France in 1933.
1875: According to a report published today there are more Jews living in London today than living in Palestine.
1875: The Jewish Messenger lamented the lack of involvement by “Israelite” men in the affairs of the community, especially when it came to better of civic activity and attempts to improve the lot of the less fortunate. The paper feels that Jewish men are “good men and true” who are willing to contribute their money to worthy causes. But they are apparently are too busy amassing wealth to give of themselves and their time. This is the opposite of the case in Europe where wealthy Jews give both their time and money to causes that benefit both the Jewish community and the general society as well.
1876: The Home and Foreign Events column published today reported that "nine Jewish ministers of this City have united to call the attention of their people to the 'growing evil or extravagance and displays at funerals." They suggest a return 'the simplicity by which Jewish funerals were formerly characterized,' and that costly caskets and expensive floral displays be dispensed with.
1876:, George Geiger, a Jewish Sergeant from Cincinnati fought with distinction at the Battle of the Little Big Horn. According to the commendation he received for the Medal of Honor. "With 3 comrades during the entire engagement courageously held a position that secured water for the command"
1876: It was reported today that "The Jews of Khiva, it is said, observe very strictly the feasts and ceremonies of the Jewish religion." [Khiva is a city in Uzbekistan.]
1883: Mayor Nathan Barnet got into a scuffle with a Republican Alderman at tonight’s meeting of the Aldermanic License Committee in Paterson, NJ. Barnet, a Jew born in Pozen is a Democrat won election in April of 1883.
1884: “Jew-Baiting in Russia” published today described an attack by Christians on the Jews of Nizhnee-Novogrod after reports that a Jew had kidnapped a Christian child and taken it to the local synagogue. An untold number of Jews were injured in this latest version of the blood libel and nine were murdered.
1886: The Sanitarium for Hebrew Children is collecting funds to provide poor children and their mothers with summer day trips out of New York City. Contributions can be sent to John J. Davis at the office of the Hebrew Journal on East 14th Street.
1888: “Jew and Catholic United” published today described the marriage of Joseph J. Herrmann (Catholic) and Bertha Cahn (Jewish) in New Orleans. Rabbi Emile Hirsch of Chicago performed the ceremony since the rabbis in the Crescent City refused to do so.
1888: It was reported today that Orphan Asylum of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society is caring for 575 youngsters, 400 of whom are boys and 175 are girls. The boys are housed at building on 11th Avenue while the girls are housed at a building on 87th Street near the East River.
1894: Annie Cohen Kopchovsky’s, known as Annie Londonderry, adventure began with a bet. In 1894, a gentleman in
bet another gentleman, $20,000 against $10,000, that no woman could travel
around the world by bicycle, a feat that had been completed for the first time
by a man in 1885. Although it is not clear why she was chosen, Annie Cohen
Kopchovsky set out from Boston ,
to attempt the journey. Married and a mother of three children under age six;
she was an unlikely choice but a good example of the ways that the bicycle was
transforming women's lives. Besides providing women with a respectable form of
independent transportation, the popularity of the bicycle led to changes in
women's dress, for example, as bloomers replaced unwieldy and inconvenient full
1897: Rabbi Isaac Ruff wrote "Declaration versus Declaration" which appeared in today’s issue of Die Welt. This was defense of Herzl who had been attacked by the anti-Zionist “Protest Rabbis.”
Herzl takes part in the Conference of the English Zionist Federation. Herzl
says that he wants to obtain a Charter from the Turkish government, in order to
under the sovereignty of the Sultan. The conference ends on July 1st. Palestine
1900: Birthdate of Moses Hadas, an American teacher, one of the leading classical scholars of the twentieth century, and a translator of numerous works. Raised in Atlanta in a Yiddish-speaking Orthodox Jewish household, his early studies included rabbinical training; he graduated from Jewish Theological Seminary of America (1926) and took his doctorate in classics in 1930. He was fluent in Yiddish, German, ancient Hebrew, ancient Greek, Latin, French, and Italian, and well-versed in other languages. His most productive years were spent at Columbia University, where he was a colleague of Jacques Barzun and Lionel Trilling. There, he took his talent for languages, combined it with a popularizing impulse, to buck the prevailing classical methods of the day—textual criticism and grammar—presenting classics, even in translation, as worthy of study as literary works in their own right. This approach may be compared to the New Criticism school: even as the New Critics emphasized close reading, eschewing outside sources and cumbersome apparatus, Hadas, in presenting classical works in translation to an influx of post-war G.I. Bill students, brought forth an appreciation of his domain for those without the specialized training of classicists. His popularizing impulse led him to embrace television as a tool for education, becoming a telelecturer and a pundit on broadcast television. He also recorded classical works on phonograph and tape. His daughter Rachel Hadas is a poet, teacher, essayist, and translator. He passed away in 1966.
1903: Birthdate of English author and social commentator George Orwell. Orwell is best known for such works as “1984” and “Animal Farm.” A lesser known work is his essay entitled “Anti-Semitism in
.” First published in 1945, this short article
examines the conditions of the Jewish population in Britain and calls for an
examination of the causes of anti-Semitism now that World War II was coming to
an end. Britain
1903(30th of Sivan, 5663): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1911: Birthdate of biochemist William Stein. Stein won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1972. Jews have won 18% of the Nobel Prizes for Chemistry. Stein died at the age of 68 in 1980.
1912: Birthdate of “Arnold Forster, an American Jewish leader, lawyer and writer who was a longtime executive of the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith.”
1913: In Cincinnati, Ohio, officers are elected at the American Zionists’ convention including Harry Friedenwald of Baltimore who is chosen to serve as Honorary President and Louis Lipsky who is chosen to serve as Chairman of the Executive Committee.
1915(13th of Tamuz, 5675): Hungarian born American pianist and composer Rafael Joseffy passed away.
1915: “In a long statement seeking to justify the use of asphyxiating gases in war-fare, the semi-official Wolff Telegraph Bureau assert in German newspaper…that the Allies first used such gases against the German.” According to Wolff, the French had authorized use gas in February of 1915. [Like so many other agencies of this type, its ownership had Jewish origins.]
1917: The Italian government publishes a decree assuring that all 10,000 Lire ($2,000) of a bequest from Emilio Treves will be awarded as a prize upon publication of an Italian language manuscript to combat anti-Semitism.
1919: The first national conference of the Religious Zionist Organization, Mizrachi, opens.
1920: Birthdate of William H. Prusoff, a pharmacologist at the Yale School of Medicine who, with a colleague, developed an effective component in the first generation of drug cocktails used to treat AIDS,
1921: Authorities in
do not issue passes to Jews who wish to leave the country. Syria
1924: In Philadelphia, PA, Polish born actor Baruch Lumet and Mrs. Lumet gave birth to Director Sidney Lumet best known for the film Dog Day Afternoon
1928: Birthdate of Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian born physicist who now also holds American citizenship. He was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2003.
1929: Birthdate of Thomas Eisner, “a groundbreaking authority on insects whose research revealed the complex chemistry that they use to repel predators, attract mates and protect their young, Thomas Eisner, a groundbreaking authority on insects whose research revealed the complex chemistry that they use to repel predators, attract mates and protect their young,”
1930: Birthdate of Hugo Gabriel Gryn, the Czech born survivor of Auschwitz who served as the Rabbi at West London Synagogue.
1932(21st of Sivan, 5692): Herbert Bentwich passed away in Jerusalem. Born in 1856, at Whitechapel, he was a British Zionist leader and lawyer. “He was an authority on copyright law, and owner/editor of the Law Journal for many years. He was a leading member of the English Hovevei Zion and one of the first followers of Theodor Herzl in England. In 1897 Bentwich he led a group of 21, including the writer Israel Zangwill, on a tour of holy sites and new settlements in Palestine on behalf of the Maccabaeans, and in 1911 he acquired land for settlement at Gezer, near Ramleh on behalf of the Maccabean Land Company. He later succeeded his brother-in-law Solomon J. Solomon as president of the Maccabaeans. Bentwich was a founder of the British Zionist Federation in 1899 and for some time served as its vice-chairman. He was a legal adviser for the Jewish Colonial Trust. From 1916 to 1918 he served on the Zionist political advisory committee under Chaim Weizmann. Bentwich was a regular visitor to Palestine after 1921 and settled in Jerusalem in late 1929. Susannah Bentwich died in London in 1915. He was survived by ten of his eleven children, eight of whom eventually settled permanently in Palestine. His eldest son, Norman Bentwich, a leading barrister, also spent much of his professional life there, and another son, Joseph Bentwich, was awarded the Israel Prize, for education, in 1962.”
1933: Outfielder Milt Galatzer made his major league debut with the Cleveland Indians.
1935: Joe Louis defeats Primo Carnera at Yankee Stadium. Neither of the fighters was Jewish. But Joe Louis’ manager Mike Jacobs was Jewish. It was under his guidance that Louis broke the “color barrier” and got his shot at being Heavy Weight Champion of the World.
1936: The Palestine Post reported that Haim Golowitzky, one of the founders of Atarot who was on his way to milk cows, was shot dead by Arab snipers, just outside his cowshed. Passengers in a Jewish bus in
had a remarkable
escape from death when they succeeded in extinguishing burning fuses in a
suitcase left by an Arab passenger who jumped off their bus. British troops
continued their searches and confiscated arms in Arab villages throughout the
country. It was estimated that no fewer than 100,000 trees had been destroyed
and another 12,000 damaged by Arabs since Haifa . April
1938: As Arab violence flared, “a gain of terrorist entered a hospital in Haifa seeking a wounded Arab ‘traitor’ who was a patient there.” When they could not find him, “they killed another Arab patient. “A manifesto issued today by the Tel Aviv municipality called on Jews to remain calm and not resort to violence.
1938: Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, the U.S. adopts a minimum wage which is set at $.40 an hour. Sidney Hillman, head of the “Amalgamated” and advisor to FDR played a key role in drafting and gaining support for this landmark legislation.
1938: German-Jewish doctors are allowed to treat only Jewish patients.
1940: France formally surrenders to Nazi Germany.
1940: As Churchill works to transfer the eleven battalions of Regular British troops from
back to Palestine
so that they help defend the England British Isles
against the pending Nazi invasion, he writes to the Secretary of State for
Colonies, Lord Lloyd, asking “what weapons and organization the Jews have for
self-defense.” Churchill wants to arm
the Jews so they can protect themselves against Arab attackers. Lloyd opposes the arming of the Jews and
would rather have the British troops remain.
1941: “President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802 prohibiting government contractors from engaging in employment discrimination based on race, color or national origin. This order is the first presidential action ever taken to prevent employment discrimination by private employers holding government contracts. The Executive Order applies to all defense contractors, but contains no enforcement authority. President Roosevelt signs the Executive Order primarily to ensure that there are no strikes or demonstrations disrupting the manufacture of military supplies as the country prepares for War.” By the standards of the 21st century, this action might seem “weak.” But it gives us an idea of the level of bigotry which was sanctioned in the society. At the time
Roosevelt signed this order it was considered a major
step in the fight against prejudice.
1941: When 47-year-old Dr. Benjamin From, a Jewish surgeon, refuses to break off an operation on a Christian woman at
Germans drag him from the hospital to his home, where he and his family are
murdered. Lutsk, Ukraine
1941: Many Jews were killed in a pogrom at
. The following appears in The Tragedy
of Romanian Jewry by Jassy,
L. Braham. "At
the outbreak of the war, Jassy had a population of slightly over 100,000
inhabitants, approximately 50,000 of whom were Jews. The city was very close to
the frontier with the Randolph Soviet Union, and even
before launching the anti-Soviet war on June 22, 1941, a number of secret anti-Semitic measures
had been initiated in .
Between June 20 and 26 the Jews of Jassy were forced to dig two large mass
graves in the Pacurari Jewish cemetery. About the same time, the Soviet air force
bombed Jassy twice, the second time inflicting serious damage. The rumor spread
that Soviet paratroopers were active throughout the city and that these
paratroopers were being given shelter by the Jews. On the morning of Romania 29 June, 1941, Jews were
formed into columns and marched from Tatarasi, Pacurari, Sararie, and Nicolina
Streets to police headquarters. Most of the prisoners were men but among them
were also some women with children. Some were dressed, others were in their
night clothes many had been beaten and had bruises and open wounds. Civilian onlookers as well as soldiers and
gendarmes, Romanian and German spat at them and hit them with stones, broken
bottles, clubs, crowbars and rifle butts. Civilians joined the police and the
military in dragging Jews out of their homes. All told, thousands of Jews were
herded into the courtyard of the Jassy police headquarters. In another report,
addressed to the Minister of the Interior, Lieutenant-Colonel Chirlovici,
reported 1,000 Jewish prisoners at and 5,000 by nightfall. He stated that at there were 3,500 Jews in the courtyard. At
soldiers and Romanian gendarmes and soldiers surrounded police headquarters and
an area close by. At about ,
the German and Romanian soldiers began to fire directly into the crowds; they were
joined by some civilians. They used machine-guns, automatic weapons, or rifles.
Crazed with terror some Jews tore down the fence of the courtyard and tried to
take refuge near the Sidoli cinema ... They too were mowed down without mercy. The
massacre continued intermittently until It is difficult to establish the number of victims of the
massacre at police headquarters. Four trucks and 24 carts transported the
corpses; it took two whole days to move them. Approximately 2,500 Jews survived
the massacre in the police headquarters courtyard. At about the process of getting them to the
railroad station began. Two thousand five hundred Jews were herded were herded
into freight cars. The train left Jassy on June 30, 1941 between and At about
the same morning, a second group of approximately 1,900 Jews to be evacuated
were rounded up at police headquarters. Two death trains left Jassy between and on Monday, June 30, 1941. The first one ...
consisted of from 33 to 38 sealed freight cars and contained between 2,430 and
2,530 Jews. When the train was emptied there were 1,076 survivors.]The history
of the second car is ... equally horrifying. On June 30, 1941 at about , 1,902 Jews were loaded onto a second
train comprising 18 cars. Of the 1,902 Jews put on the train, 1,194 died and
were buried in the Podul Iloaei cemetery. The total number of victims of the
Jassy pogrom cannot be established with certainty. While the number of victims
on the trains is known and relatively accurate, it is not known how many Jews
in Jassy were buried in communal graves, how many such graves there were, and
how many corpses were simply thrown onto garbage heaps or into the Bahlui
River. German diplomats estimated at least 4,000 victims... The most reliable
source seems to be documents from the archives of the Romanian Ministry of the
Interior which ... place the number at over 8,000."
1941 (30th of Sivan, 5701): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1941 (30th of Sivan, 5701): In the town of Luck, Poland, Dr. Benjamin From aged forty-seven refused to stop his operation, so he was dragged out of operating room, taken to his home and killed with his entire family.
1941 (30th of Sivan, 5701): In Jedwabne, Poland, local Polish citizenry begin a pogrom aimed at the Jews living in the town.
1942: An article in the London Daily Telegraph reports, "More than 700,000 Polish Jews have been slaughtered by the Germans in the greatest massacres in the world's history."
III at Auschwitz begins operation. Also, Otto Ben, from the Foreign
Ministry reports that the “100,000th Jews has been removed from
1943: The Germans began the final destruction of the people living in the Czestochowa Ghetto. The Jews put up armed resistance in a series of bunkers.
is located in
and is famous as the home of the "Black Madonna." Poland
1945: Birthdate of singer and songwriter Carley Simon who recorded “You’re So Vain” among other hits
1947: The Diary of Anne Frank is published.
1948: Birthdate of Brooklyn-born actor and television director Michael Lembeck
1950: Birthdate of Israeli actress Nitza Saul.
1950: The beginning of the Korean War, with the invasion of the South by the North. Jews fought in the Korean War just as they had in every war since the call to arms went out in 1775. See http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/sugar10.html for a partial list of those who served. In an article entitled “Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur in North Korea, 1951, Remembered,” Warren Zundell, MD (Captain, 11th Evacuation Hospital SMBL, 10th Corp. 8th Army, Korea) provides us with a glimpse of what it was like during what some derisively called a “police action.”
These evenings occurred years ago, but every Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, they return as vividly as if they happened last year.In May, 1951, my hospital unit was transported from Sasebo, Japan to Pusan, Korea. I was on the Orthopedic Surgery Team. Five months later, on the day before Rosh Hashanah, our hospital Chaplain (a Catholic priest), asked me if I was planning to attend services the next day, being conducted some 40 or 50 miles north of our location, just over the 36th parallel, in North Korea. We were in Wonju, South Korea. I knew the Rabbi who was to conduct the services, as he would visit our hospital from time to time. Knowing this would be a 40 or 50 mile trek through sniper-infested mountains, I answered negatively, even though I knew that the Rabbi might be disappointed. The following conversation then ensued:
Chaplain: You have to go.
Me: Why do I have to go?
Chaplain: There are about 30 Jewish boys around here who want to go.
Me: So let them go.
Chaplain: An Officer has to go to be in charge of the convoy.
Me: Why me? I am a Doctor.
Chaplain: You are the only Jewish Officer in this hospital, so you go. He was a Major, I was a Captain. I think he was giving me a direct order. He then informed me that he would lend me his jeep in which to head the convoy of trucks. It had a big white cross on the front hood, which he implied would protect us from sniper fire. He didn’t say anything about land mines. That afternoon we assembled the convoy and headed North. It may have been the first all-Jewish convoy in the history of Korea. As Jews, we were not fully convinced that the white cross would totally protect us from sniper fire. We were therefore well-armed. A few uneventful hours later we crossed the 38th parallel into North Korea. We were making Jewish history. Soon we checked into 10th Corp. HW. The Rabbi (Major Meir Engle) seemed happy to see us. The next day was Rosh Hashanah. We had a big tent in which to hold services. There were about 300 Jewish boys attending, including my 30. I was proud to be there. After services we reassembled our convoy and returned to our hospital, without incident. When Yom Kippur came, I was called upon by the Chaplain again. I didn’t want to push my luck, with a baby daughter back home whom I had never seen. Nevertheless, I soon found myself in the same Jewish convoy. But between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, there had been heavy fighting on the 10th Corp. Front. Instead of 300 Jewish boys attending Yom Kippur services, there were less than 150. Korea is now referred to as the "Forgotten War". What it really means is that this country has literally forgotten the more than 34,000 Americans who died there, including those Jewish boys who died between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur in the year 1951."
Korea also presented the newly independent state of Israel with one of its first great foreign policy challenges not directly related to the Middle East or its own immediate survival. Israel’s shifting policy, as described below, demonstrated how quickly conflict in the Middle East and conflict in the Far East were joined together because of the Cold War. The shift also resulted, in part, from the Soviet Union’s change of policy towards Israel. Stalin’s smile quickly turned sour, while Harry Truman’s never did. “Israel's foreign policy underwent a change during the Korean War. In the first two years after its establishment, Israel maintained a stance of nonalignment. However, it became clear from the anti-Jewish attitude of the Communist bloc and especially Joseph Stalin that strengthening relations with the United States was the only way to safeguard Israel's continued existence and long-term interests. Both Israel's foreign and domestic policy during the Korean War reflected a growing U.S. influence, which has only deepened with time. Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion went one step further during the Korean War when he suggested that an Israel Defense Forces (IDF) unit be sent to join the UN forces fighting North Korea and the Chinese volunteers. A debate broke out in Israel over whether it should provide support to U.S. and UN policies given that Washington had made no such request. The leading opponent of sending an IDF unit was the political party Mapam, which was part of the governing coalition and openly favored North Korea. With the Achdut Ha'Avoda party, another member of the coalition, also against the measure, the government decided to limit its assistance to medical aid and food shipments. In addition, Israel lent political support during the UN deliberations on whether its troops should cross the 38th parallel northward. In February 1951, the UN General Assembly condemned China as the aggressor and placed a boycott on certain strategic supplies to China. Here, too, Israel continued to side with the United States, the United Nations, and South Korea, though formal diplomatic ties with the latter were still more than a decade away. From the 1951 ideological debate between the Israeli parties until 1960, there were no initiatives on the question of relations with South Korea.”
1950: Israeli airline El Al began service. Anybody who has ever flown El Al to
there is flying and then there is flying El Al. As an early target of
terrorist, El Al adopted policies that have made it the safest airline in the
world. Its anti-terrorist practices have served as a model for other airlines
as they have been confronted with similar challenges. Israel
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that 20 lists of parties were registered for the Second Knesset elections.
decided to establish diplomatic relations. The quality of sweets had improved,
but the quality of beverages had deteriorated, according to the Quality Control
Department of the Ministry of Agriculture. Switzerland
1952: A government spokesman reported that an Israeli army patrol had shot three Arabs who were trying to enter Israel from Jordan.
1962: The U.S. Supreme Court decides that non-denominational prayer allowed in New York States is an unconstitutional violation of the separation of church and state.
1965: When followed home from a meeting of Canadian Nazis,Henryk Van der Windt tells the Toronto Star that he working under cover for the Canadian Jewish Congress who had hired him to spy on Nazi leader John Beattie. For more on this see “Delayed Impact” by Frank Bialystok.
1968: Herb Gray began serving as a Member of Parliament for Windsor West.
1972: Sir Joshua Abraham Hassan began serving his second term as Chief Minister of Gibraltar.
1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that Foreign Minister Yigal Allon and his West German counterpart, Hans Genscher, signed in
an agreement which could secure and encourage large German investment in Bonn . Israel
1979(30th of Sivan, 5739): Rosh Chodesh Tammuza
1987: Pope John Paul II received Austrian President Kurt Waldheim at the
Apparently the Pope was able to overlook Waldheim's Nazi past. But then
he was not alone. The United Nations also could overlook it when he was
chosen Secretary-General. "Never forget" - ah what short
1988: Israeli-born, American musician Hillel Slovak, the original guitarist with Red Hot Chili Peppers, passed away.
1990: A disagreement appeared to break out today among the leaders of Israel's new Government over whether Soviet Jewish immigrants would be settled in the occupied territories. The dispute adds further confusion to Housing Minister Ariel Sharon's statement that the migrants would not be settled in occupied land. Immigration officials said they had been notified of no policy change. They said Soviet immigrants who chose to live in the West Bank or Gaza Strip would still be permitted to move there and would be given Government money to subsidize living expenses, just as if the immigrant had chosen to live inside Israel. Mr. Sharon, a longtime and ardent proponent of increased Jewish settlement, said that ''due to the problems we have,'' immigrants would not be settled in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip. ''We will not send any Jew who comes from Russia to Judea, Samaria or to Gaza because we understand the seriousness of the situation,'' he said, using the biblical names for the West Bank.
1998: Pitcher Mike Saipe made his major league debut with the Colorado Rockies.
2000: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including A Little Too Close to God: The Thrills and Panic of a Life in Israel by David Horovitz and Life So Far by Betty Friedan.
2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Bronfamns: The Rise and Fall of the House of Seagram by Nicholas Faith and Failed States by Noah Chomsky.
2006: In an article entitled “The Killing after the Killing” Elie Weisel reviews of Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz by Jan T. Gross.
2006: IDF Corporal Galid Shalit is kidnapped by Hamas terrorists. An armed squad of Palestinians terrorists from the Gaza Strip crossed the border into Israel via a 300-meter-long underground tunnel they dug near the Kerem Shalom border crossing. One group of militants blasted the rear door of a Merkava III tank open with a rocket-propelled grenade shell. The tank commander and the driver were killed when they evacuated the burning tank. The tank’s gunner, Gilad Shalit, was only lightly wounded and taken prisoner by the militants. A fourth member on the tank crew was injured in the incident and escaped.[
2007: In the newly minted Israel Baseball League, four teams debut with Netanya Tigers vs. Bet Shemesh Blue Sox at Kibbutz Gezer Field and Ra'anana Express vs. Tel Aviv Lightning at Sportek in Tel Aviv.
in Israel Museum
presents the first of five lectures by painter Meir Appelfeld and painter and
art critic Dror Burstein entitled “Five Comments on the Language of Painting.” Jerusalem
opens in the city's Nahlaot neighborhood. Jerusalem
2008: In an article in The New Republic entitled “Genes and Identities,” Jerome Groopman reviews Jacobs’s Legacy: A Genetic View of Jewish History by David Goldstein.
2008: In Kensington, Maryland, Poet Gretchen Primack, who “lives in the delightfully Jewish feminist-rich Hudson Valley” reads from her new work The Slow Creaking of Planets as part of the poetry series at the Kensington Row Bookshop.
, at , the Jerusalem ,
popularly known as the Bridge of Strings , will be
inaugurated at a dazzling celebration complete with performances by David
De'or, Dudu Fisher, the Jerusalem Dance Troupe and hundreds of dancers - at a
cost of Calatrava
2 million. NIS
2009: In Des Moines, Iowa, AIPAC hosts The 2009 Iowa Annual Event featuring Aharon Barnea . Anchorman and Senior Correspondent in the USA, Channel 2 TV News, Israel with a Special Address by Krista Allen AIPAC Campus Liaison at Louisiana State University who will describe her recent maiden visit to Israel and how a Catholic student from Louisiana became engaged as a pro-Israel political activist
2009: The Montreal International Yiddish Theater Festival comes to a close.
2009: The opening day of G'day Shalom Salaam Israel, presented by the Australia Israel Cultural Exchange, floods the Jewish state with the flavor of Australia.
2009: New York City police arrested two youth who vandalized two Lower East Side synagogues on Thursday with eggs, smoke bombs, and swastikas. The teenagers, a 15-year old Asian and a 16-year old black, drew a large swastika on the United Hebrew Center on East Broadway. The two then set off a smoke bomb before heading to the Bialystoker synagogue on Willet Street, where they drew a second swastika and through eggs at the building. The attacks occurred only a few days after eight Jewish children were injured in Williamsburg, Brooklyn after a resident of a Latino block across the street threw a bottle with dangerous chemicals at them. That attack is not officially categorized as a bias crime, however. Police plan on charging the Lower East Side vandals with the hate crimes of aggravated harassment, criminal mischief and reckless endangerment. “This is a desecration of G-d, no matter what your religion,” said New York Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver, who attends the Bialystoker synagogue. “It is just a despicable act that really should tug at the heartstrings of all of us.” State Attorney General Andrew Cuomo announced that the Civil Rights Bureau would open an investigation into the crime calling it “outrageous and deeply disturbing.”
2009 (3rd Tammuz): Third of Tammuz marks the Rebbe’s Yahrzeit. “The day of passing of a holy tzadik is an auspicious day to reflect and bond with the tzadik’s soul by studying from his teachings as well as to ask the soul to intercede on High on our behalf, especially as it ascends even higher on his Yahrzeit.” click here to read more about the anniversary of the Rebbe's passing .
2009: Some 2,000 Israelis gathered in front of the Defense Ministry headquarters in Tel Aviv today to mark three years to the day in which Israel Defense Forces Gilad Shalit fell into captivity in a cross-border raid by Gaza-based Palestinian gunmen. The gathering's keynote address was delivered by Shalit's father, Noam. "We stand here today, in front of the prime minister's office, the Defense Ministry, and the IDF General Staff, in front of those who three years ago, 1,095 days ago, sent Gilad on a mission from which he has not come back until this very day," Noam Shalit said. "We are standing here today to serve as a mouthpiece for Gilad, to scream his scream," Shalit said. "He of course cannot scream from the pit in which he has been held for the last three years. It is doubtful whether he can see any sunlight, smile his sheepish and hesitant smile that was permanently etched on his face." "We came here this evening to express Gilad's muted yearning, his only wish," Noam Shalit said. "He asks just one thing from you, the inhabitants across the street - the decision-makers - his freedom." The father of Gilad Shalit urged fellow Israelis on Thursday to think of his son's plight in Hamas captivity, three years after the soldier was snatched from an Israel Defense Forces post by Gaza militants. "My request today, June 25, 2009, is for every person in the country, man and woman, young and old, to close their eyes for three minutes. Three minutes only, and to wait until these minutes are over, and in this time for everyone to try to think of what my son Gilad is going through," Noam Shalit told Army Radio. Egyptian-brokered negotiations to secure Shalit's release broke down during the last days of former prime minister Ehud Olmert's tenure. Israel has recently picked a new negotiating team to examine ways to move forward in the case, under the leadership of former Mossad operative Haggai Hadas. In the radio interview, Noam Shalit described his son as "a young man who is waiting with bated breath, not only for three minutes, and not only for three hours and not even for three days; but waiting in darkness and despair, suffering physically and mentally, for the freedom that was taken from him three years ago." Supporters of the abducted soldier planned to hold a mass demonstration outside Defense Minister Ehud Barak's office in Tel Aviv on Thursday. Shalit's parents will declare at the rally the founding of an "army of Gilad Shalit's friends," which will lead all efforts aimed at pressing the government over the soldier's case, Army Radio reported. Shalit's brother, for his part, made a new plea to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to mark the day. "Mr. prime minister, I ask of you: Save my brother. Don't abandon him to an unknown fate. Don't wait until tomorrow, help Gilad today," Yoel Shalit said on Army Radio. "Every day in captivity is life-threatening. Gilad is still alive and it is your responsibility and duty to bring him home."
2010: Mark Ethan is scheduled to lead a discussion at the 92nd St Y following a screening of “A Man For All Seasons.”
2011: Fifth anniversary of the kidnapping of Galid Shalit.
2011: Jewish comedian and actress Sarah Silverman is scheduled to perform a night of stand-up comedy in Tel Aviv
2011: The National Yiddish Theatre is scheduled to present a performance of “The Adventures of Hershele Ostropoyler.”
2011: For the second time in two day, oil spills tainted the waters off of Eilat. Today’s spill was caused by a Turkish-owned Panamanian ship, while the source of Friday’s remains unknown, but it is suspected to have come from the same source, the Environmental Protection Ministry said today. Yesterday’s spill of light fuel oil was discovered in the Coral Beach area, located between the Tur-Yam Marina and the border of the protected coral reserve, while Saturday’s leakage was pinpointed as emanating from a ship docked in the port of Eilat, which was carrying the Panamanian flag, but under Turkish ownership, according to the ministry.The ship was detained and investigated by the Environmental Protection Ministry’s Marine and Coastal Environment Division, a statement from the ministry said. Workers from the ministry’s Marine Pollution Prevention Station in Eilat joined members of the Nature and Parks Authority – as well as volunteers from the Eilat Field School and others from the Eilat-Eilot region – to stop yesterday’s spill using a special device owned by the ministry. The mess was cleaned by yesterday afternoon and contamination amounted to about five tons of light fuel oil. According to the statement, 20 barrels of oil and another six cubic meters worth of absorptive materials were pumped out. Today’s spill was treated by the same collaborative team, and by the time of publication had extracted an estimated five tons of oil from the leak, but the extraction was ongoing, according to the ministry. An assessment of the situation would continue until late in the evening, a statement said, until the situation returns to normal. In reaction to the spillages, MK Dov Henin (Hadash), chairman of the Knesset’s Environment and Health Committee, lambasted those opposed to the enactment of amendments to the 1952 Petroleum Law, which would provide for protections against such oil crises, his spokesman said. “In the current situation, an oil disaster in Israel is only a question of time,” Henin said at a public hearing in Nahariya on Saturday. “During the deliberations of the subcommittee on oil dangers in the Gulf of Eilat, we discovered an alarming picture of neglect and an inability to cope."“Oil drillings planned in the Mediterranean Sea bring with them new risks,” he continued. “The Mediterranean cannot handle a disaster such as that of the Gulf of Mexico. The obsolete Petroleum Law of 1952, which doesn’t include any environmental protection measures whatsoever, is no longer suitable for Israel, and we must repair it urgently and add the environmental protection measures that we have proposed.”
2011: France's ambassador to Israel Christophe Bigot met on this afternoon with the parents of captured IDF soldier Gilad Shalit and presented them with a letter in which French President Nicolas Sarkozy directly addressed Shalit. "Since your kidnapping, I have taken it on myself to do everything to return you to your family," Sarkozy wrote. "I repeated this commitment when I met with your father at the Elysee Palace on June 10 and I repeat it now: France will not abandon you to your fate and will continue to act, along with other bodies, including those in the Arab world, so that this unjustified suffering comes to an end." Shalit holds dual Israel and French citizenship. In the letter, Sarkozy called on Hamas to release Shalit."It is time that those responsible for your detention make a decision and end your intolerable and outrageous imprisonment," Sarkozy wrote. Sarkozy called Shalit's detainment a violation of international law."I cannot accept that you are forbidden from simple communication with your relatives and from receiving messages from them in return, as if a simple exchange of messages would be a sign of weakness on the part of those who hold you," Sarkozy wrote. "I urge those who are imprisoning you to immediately permit the Red Cross to meet you and more than that to return you to freedom."Approximately 350 people gathered today to mark five years since Shalit was abducted by Hamas and taken to Gaza. The event was held at an armored corps monument in the Eshkol region of the western Negev. The protesters called on the government to accept Hamas' terms for a prisoner swap. Shalit's family did not attend the rally, but Gilad's grandfather, Zvi Shalit, sent a letter that was read out loud. "The people involved talk to us from time to time, caress our heads, but my dear grandchild Gilad is still rotting away in the Hamas cellars having done nothing wrong, like a common criminal," he wrote. Zvi Shalit went on to write that Defense Minister Ehud Barak told him he clearly supports the deal proposed by Hamas, "but that (Prime Minister Benjamin) Netanyahu is opposed and cannot be persuaded otherwise." He also criticized Netanyahu and said his inaction does more damage to the nation's morale, especially young men about to enlist in the IDF, than the damage done by releasing prisoners. "I fear Netanyahu is waiting to hear, God forbid, that Gilad did not survive the conditions he was kept in, so he could pay a lesser price for his return," he wrote. Also today Hamas' Izedin al-Qassam armed wing said that Shalit would not be freed before the release of Palestinian prisoners.Hamas gave reporters a videotape showing two Israeli soldiers - Shalit and airman Ron Arad, who has been missing in Lebanon for two decades."We swear that he (Shalit) won't see the light before our prisoners do," read a sentence written in Arabic in the video. Hamas is demanding that Israel free 1,000 Palestinians held in its jails in return for releasing Shalit.
2011: Steve Sobroff resigned his management position with the Los Angeles Dodger after Major League Baseball seized control of the club .
2011: Acclaimed British writer Howard Jacobson who won the prestigious Man Booker Prize last year for his novel, “The Finkler Question,” which tackled themes relating to anti-Semitism, Jewish identity and Israel, criticized fellow novelist Alice Walker for her planned participation in the upcoming flotilla to Gaza. [Editor’s note: A year later Walker would announce that she would not let The Color Purple be translated into Hebrew.
2011(23rd of Tammuz, 5771): Eighty-year old Eugene H. Kummel, who had led McCann Erikson Worlwide during a period of creativity that saw the appearance of signature commercials for Coke and Miller Lite, passed away today. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)
2011(23rd of Tammuz, 5771): Ninety-four year old Gilbert Sedbon, a longtime correspondent for Reuters who scooped the world on the 1952 “Free Officers” Egyptian army coup against King Farouk with the help of Anwar Sadat passed away today. (As reported by the Eulogizer in JTA)
2012: At the Wiener Library in London, Dr. Iris Groscheck is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “The Murder of the Children of the Bullenhuser Damm: How a challenging history of the Shoah can be told to young people” during which she will and discuss the challenges of engaging school-age audiences with violent and disturbing historical events. The Bullenhuser Damm Memorial is dedicated to the memory of 20 Jewish children and at least 28 adults who were hanged and who were subjected to medical experiments in the Neuengamme concentration camp before being murdered, to the 4 prisoners who cared for them, and to 24 unidentified Soviet prisoners.
2012: Center for Jewish History and Society for the History of the Czechoslovak Jews are scheduled to present “Bratislava/Pressburg Returns to the Map of Jewish Europe” a lecture by Dr. Maroš Borský, Director of the Slovak Jewish Heritage Center in Bratislava
Copyright; June, 2012; Mitchell A. Levin email@example.com