JUNE 19 In Jewish History
1269: Louis IX (Saint Louis) of France, needing no urging from the Church, ordered all Jews found in public without a badge (yellow or red) to be fined ten livres of silver. The badge in
was usually a circle of red or yellow material and was known as a rouelle. The
original badge was actually Moslem in origin (Caliph Omar II (717-20)) who
decreed that both Jews and Christians wear a distinguishing mark. The
"badge" took on different shapes colors and even dress (i.e. a hat or
color of a dress) depending on the country. France
1286: Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg was imprisoned in a castle in
, Alsace Lombardy. At the time of his imprisonment, Reb Meir and
his followers were trying to leave following a new wave of
persecution brought by Rudolph I. “Tradition
has it that a large ransom of 23,000 marks (approximately 15,144,900 U.S
dollars today) was raised for him (by the ROSH), but Rabbi Meir refused it, for
fear of encouraging the imprisonment of other rabbis. He died in prison after
seven years. 14 years after his death a ransom was paid for his body by
Alexander ben Shlomo (Susskind) Wimpen, who was subsequently laid to rest
beside the Maharam.” Reb Meir was also
known by the term Maharam. His erudition
and piety earned him the appellation, ‘Light of the Exile.’ Meir was a leading
commentator on Rashi’s explanations of the Talmud. Such was his reputation that Ashkenazi
communities in Italy, France and Germany looked to him for guidance when
questions of law and/or custom arose. Germany
1320: John XXII issued “Cum sit absurdum” a Papal Bull that stated that “Converted Jews need not be despoiled.”
1338: “In recognition of the good-will shown by the citizens of Vienna in time of distress, and in anticipation of its continuance, the Jews declared, in a document written in Hebrew and dated today in Vienna that they would lend to the citizens of Vienna, rich as well as poor, a pound of Vienna heller at a weekly interest of three heller.”
1623: Birthdate of French mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal. Of the Jewish people Pascal wrote, “It is certain that in certain parts of the world we can see a peculiar people, separated from the other peoples of the world and this is called the Jewish people…. This people is not only of remarkable antiquity but has also lasted for a singularly long time… For where as the people of Greece and Italy, of Sparta, Athens and Rome and others who came so much later have perished so long ago, these still exist, despite the efforts of so many powerful kings who have tried a hundred times to wipe them out, as their historians testify, and as can easily be judged by the natural order of things over such a long spell of years. They have always been preserved, however, and their preservation was foretold… My encounter with this people amazes me…."
1747: Nāder Shāh Afshār, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty, passed away. During his reign he reversed the anti-Jewish policies and practices that had been put in place by the Safawid’s dynasty which had ruled during the previous century.
1790: The Gazette of the United States, a newspaper published in New York City provides an account of correspondence between the Hebrew Congregation of Savannah, Georgia and the newly elected President of the United States, George Washington.
letter to the Georgia Jews ends with the following sentiments. “May the same
wonder-working Deity, who long since delivered Hebrews from their Egyptian
oppressors, planted them in a promised land, whose providential agency has
lately been conspicuous in establishing these United States as an independent
nation, still continue to water them with the dews of heaven and make the
inhabitants of every denomination participated in the temporal and spiritual
blessings of that people whose God is Jehovah.” Washington
1790(7th of Tamuz, 5550): Saul Lowenstam “a renowned Dutch rabbi and Talmudist” passed away. “Saul Lowenstam was born in 1717 in Rzeszów to his parents Aryeh Leib ben Saul[ (who was the rabbi in Rzeszów at the time) and Miriam the daughter of the Chacham Tzvi. He married Hendele the daughter Abraham Kahana, who was rabbi of Grodno, Ukraine. His first rabbinical position was in Lokachi, Ukraine (located in the Lokachi Raion and named Lakacz in Yiddish), followed by Dubno where he succeeded his father-in-law. After the death of his father in 1755, Lowenstam succeeded him as the Chief Rabbi of Amsterdam, Netherlands. He was succeeded as Chief Rabbi by his son, Jacob Moses Lowenstam.” “Lowenstam was the author of the Binyan Ariel published in Amsterdam 1778. He also authored a Torah Commentary HeChatzer HaChadasha published in Amsterdam in 1768. A pamphlet titled Halacha Lema'aseh Rav published in Amsterdam in 1828 contains his 1783 halachic ruling asserting the kashrut of Dutch cheese.”
1832: Birthdate of Frédéric Emile Baron d’Erlanger, the French banker whose family converted to Christianity. Despite the family’s conversion, the Baron is often erroneously identified as being Jewish. Erlanger created one of the earliest “junk bonds” based on the cotton trade during the Civil War. This has led to other incorrect reports that Jews were responsible for financing the Confederacy’s war effort.
1854: Birthdate of Jonas Kuppenheimer. A native of Terre Haute, Indiana, Kuppenheimer, his father Bernard and his brothers Louise and Albert moved to Chicago in 1870 where they established a clothing store that became one of the major men’s clothing brands in the United States. He passed away in 1921.
1857: The correspondent for the New York Times writes from London that the second reading of the Jew Bill has passed by an immense majority. Furthermore, the opposition seems to be waning and Rothschild is on his way to becoming “a Parliamentary saint” as opposed to an “unparliamentary martyr.”
1867: Ruthless beat out DeCourcey by a head over the old Jerome Park Racetrack to win the inaugural running of the Belmont Stakes and financed by August Belmont, Sr. for whom the race was named financed the building of the track. The Belmont Stakes would move to it current home, Belmont Park, in 1905.
1877: As word of Judge Hilton’s decision to bar Joseph Seligman from the Grand Union Hotel because he was Jewish spread across the United States, hotel proprietors in Philadelphia said that banning patrons because they were Jewish was wrong. Looking at it from strictly a financial point of view, they all agree that the money of “an Israelite” is as good as that “of a full fledged American.” Both Mr. Kingsley of the Continental and Mr. Ward of St. George, leading Philadelphia hotels, have had Seligman as a guest and would gladly do so again. While Judge Hilton’s action might have been permissible in New York, in Pennsylvania it would have been illegal. Under that state’s law, hotel owners have to obtain a license that allows them “keep a hotel, inn or tavern and under the provisions of that license he cannot turn away any person from his hotel, unless he knows that such persons will cause great loss to his house and then he holds himself liable to a fine of $300 and three months imprisonment” as well as a suit for damages from the people who were denied rooms.
1877: At the popular resort of Long Branch, NJ, several hotel owners expressed their surprise that Joseph Seligman had been turned away from the Grand Union. Even though he is Jewish, the hotel owners, some of whom had had him as a guest, said that he was a desirable guest. However, many of them expressed the opinion that they did not want Jews staying at their hotels and were sympathetic with the stance taken by Judge Hilton.
1877: According to Edward Lauterbach, the attorney for Joseph Seligman, as of today hundreds of Jews have closed their accounts at the two stores owned by A.T. Stewart & Co which are controlled by Judge Hilton. This is but one example of Jewish support for Seligman whom Lauterbach declared is the leading Jew in the United States and is proudly acknowledged as such by his co-religionists. Lauterbach said that Seligman might also pursue a case under the Civil Rights Law which would leave Hilton open to fines and imprisonment.
1877: The arrival of today’s New York Times at Saratoga Spring this afternoon has caused quite a stir with its report of the dispute between Judge Hilton and Joseph Seligman over the latter’s claim that he was not allowed to rent rooms at the Grand Union because he was Jewish.
1878: Birthdate of Yakov Mikhaylovich Yurovsky, the Bolshevik leader that some credit with overseeing the execution of the Czar after the Russian Revolution.
1879: The London News published an article describing the terms of the will of the late Baron Lionel de Rothschild. The estate is valued to at 2,700,000 pounds. Sir Nathaniel de Rothschild and Mr. Alfred de Rothschild, the late Baron’s two sons, have been named as executors.
1880: It was reported today that Sarah Bernhardt has signed a contract to give 60 performances at Booth’s Theatre in New York next winter. The contract calls for her to be paid 3,000 francs a night, one-third of the gross receipts, traveling expenses for herself and three companions and 3,000 francs a month for her hotel bill. According to the great actress, she has had more lucrative offers but she accepted this because the 200,000 francs has been deposited at the Banque de France as a security bond.
1882: It was reported today that the United States manager for Sarah Bernhardt has signed a contract with Henry Irving the actor/owner of London’s Lyceum Company to perform their full repertoire during an American tour. Among other things, American audiences will be treated to The Merchant of Venice featuring Ellen Terry in her famed portrayal of Portia and Irving’s unique portrayal of Shylock. His dignified portrayal of Shakespeare’s most famous Jewish character is a departure from the norm of his time.
1882: “The Polish Jewish Colony” published today provided a detailed sketch of life among the Jews living on New York’s lower east side.
1884:Dr. Henry W. Schneeberger a Baltimore Rabbi was one of four people who signed a letter today addressed “to Sir Moses Montefiore, thanking him for his aid to the Russian Jews who had found a refuge in Baltimore. The letter continued to advise Montefiore that the Russian Jewish immigrants had established a school in honor of their benefactor. Dr. Schneeberger was one of the teachers in this school - teaching the immigrants in the daytime and also at night. Dr. Schneeberger also became their mentor in advising the Russian Jewish immigrants to become good American citizens and he cautioned against the radicalism of some in their midst.”
1884: After a rumor circulated through certain parts of the Russian city of Nizhny Novgorod that a Jew had kidnapped a Christian child and taken it to a synagogue, a mob attacked the synagogue. During the riot 9 Jews were killed, six houses were wrecked and an untold number were plundered.
1886: The Manchester Guardian reported that the Visiting Committee of the Hebrew Congregations of Manchester and Liverpool has affected a "closer union between the Sephardic and Ashkenazic sections of the Jewish community."
1889: William E. Annin, the associate editor of the Omaha Bee wrote the following description today of Edward Rosewater, the Czech born Jew who was “the editor and publisher of the Omaha Bee.”
"Mr. Rosewater was par excellence the all-around man of the [Bee] establishment. He seemed to have obtained the secret of two of the attributes of Deity, he was omnipresent and apparently omniscient. He wrote heavy editorials and pungent editorial paragraphs; contributed local political news to the city page, clipped selections for the news columns, selected items for those startling chestnuts dubbed 'Connubial Bliss,' 'Peppermint Drops' and 'Honey for the Ladies,' regulated the business office a dozen times a day, and took subscriptions on the streets and advertising contracts from the merchants. I used to think his only sorrow was that he had not in addition been born a steam engine so that he could run the presses. . . "In addition to his ordinary duties above named, he constantly developed strong interest in local politics, and always had a dozen fights and twice that number of ward politicians on his hands. On city or county election days, The Bee office was usually depopulated and every man, from editor down, after rushing in copy, early took a whirl at the polls. After a hard day's work on election day, followed by an all night session in collecting returns, the editor would bob up serenely at 9 o'clock the next morning with his arm full of exchanges and his mouth full of suggestions about the paper, . . ."His indomitable energy, his uncompromising persistency and his invincible pluck were at once the wonder and admiration of the office. . . . Overworked himself, he took his own high tension as the norm of work, and found it difficult to understand why all of his employees could not endure cheerfully the same racking. This made him often very unpleasant as an employer
1897: Birthdate of comedian Moe Howard who gained fame as one of the Three Stooges
1900: Herzl and Wolffsohn settle their differences about the Trust's affairs. And Herzl asks his good dear "Daade" to address him by the familiar "Du" instead of the formal "Sie".
1903: The British Foreign Office sends the first of two letters to Herzl rejecting his proposal to establish a Jewish colony in the Sinai.
1906: Birthdate of German born and educated British chemist, Sir Ernst Boris Chain. Chain left
the Nazis came to power. As an English
citizen this leading biochemist won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
in 1945 for his work on the effects of penicillin. Germany
1910: Birthdate of Abe Fortas, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Fortas was a close friend and advisor to Lyndon Johnson. There are several stories about Fortas providing Johnson with what we would call a "reality check." Fortas was reluctant to give up his lucrative law practice and accept the position on the high court. He did tell Johnson that the Jewish community would not consider him as the "Jewish Justice" in the sense of a Brandies or Goldberg since he was not a part of that community. In the end Fortas gave into Lyndon’s famed arm-twisting and the rest is history. Fortas ended up resigning from the court in 1969 after questions were raised about some of his business dealings. Fortas passed away in 1982 at the age of 71.
1913: Abram I. Elkus addressed the graduates at the City College commencement ceremony.
1914: Louis D. Brandeis, special counsel to the Interstate Commerce Commission in the 5 per cent. advance rate case, to-day appeared before the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce in opposition to the Rayburn Stock and Bond bill, which proposes to confer authority upon the commission to control and approve issues of securities by common carriers.
1915: Birthdate of cartoonist Julius Schwartz
1915: The Jews of Morocco suffer indignities under the French regime that were unknown while under the rule of the old sultans.
1919: Birthdate of movie critic Pauline Kael. As movie critic for the New York Times, Kael was one of the most influential influences in the world of cinema criticism. With her high quality of writing and edgy style, she was a trend setter in an era when women were too often consigned to the style section and gossip columns.
1925: In a cave at Tabgha, near Jerusalem, archaeologists discover a primitive human skull that bears a close resemblance to the Neanderthal man previously discovered in Europe.
1933: On a day when he received an honorary degree from Brown University Justice Benjamin N. Cardozo of the United States Supreme Court delivered an address to the alumni of that Rhode Island institution of higher education in which he declared, “The day is past when problems of public law can be solved by pulling down the law books and marking without other aids the "signposts on the road,"
1933: Cardinal Pacelli issued a concordant known as the Hitler Concordant. Hitler described it as "unrestricted acceptance of National Socialism by the
Cardinal Pacelli later became Pope Pious XII. Vatican
1934: American author Nathaniel West, the son of Litvak immigrants to the United States, published A Cool Million, the second of the three novels he created during his career which was cut short by an untimely death in an automobile accident.
1936: As Arab violence continues to sweep across Palestine,The Palestine Post reported that one Jew was killed and several deafened and injured by a primitive bomb which was thrown into a bus in Tel Aviv. Avraham Ben-Yehuda, one of the original founders of Atarot, died of injuries sustained when Arab snipers opened fire on a bus in
Trees were cut down and the aerodrome damaged at Lydda. The Jerusalem water pipe was damaged by a
dynamite charge. Two Arabs injured themselves seriously while trying to blow up
a road culvert near Jerusalem . Nablus
1939: The Mizrachi Women's Organization opened its first independent meeting in
Although it was the group's fourteenth annual meeting, it was the first
conducted separately from a men's organization. Now the largest religious
Zionist organization in the Atlantic City (under the name AMIT), the
organization owes its creation to Freda Resnikoff. United
1939: In Palestine, eighteen Arabs--nine men, six women and three children-- were killed and twenty-four wounded by the explosion of a time bomb. In replying to accusations by the British that Jews were responsible for the violence, “Jewish communal leaders condemned the ‘dastardly murder of innocent Arabs, women and children.’”
1940(13th of Sivan, 5700): Zalman David Levontin passed away. Born in 1856, he was one of the first of the Hovevei Zion group and one of the founders of Rishon LeZion and Yesod Hamaaleh. In 1903, Levontin founded the Anglo Palestine Bank in
and acted as its manager until 1924. Jaffa
1942(4th of Tamuz, 5702): Jews revolt at Glebokie, Belorussia; 2500 are murdered in the Borek Forest.
1943: Joseph Goebbels announces that
is free of Jews. Berlin
1944: Five hundred Jews were transferred from the death camp of Birkenau to the work camp at
1945: Judge Irving Lehman, the brother of former Governor Herman Lehman, delivered the address of welcome at New York City's reception honoring General Dwight D. Eisenhower, who has returned from leading the Allies to victory over the Nazis.
1948: Panama and Costa Rica (recognized Israel.
1950: Israel apologized to the Swedish Government today for the assassination of Count Bernadotte, United Nations Mediator for Palestine, by terrorists on Sept. 17, 1948.
1951: For the first time, a Soviet citizen (Jewish) was issued an immigrant visa to Israel. The hoped-for easing of the Russian policy of not letting its citizens out would not materialize for decades to come.
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Knesset passed the first reading of a bill empowering the government to sign an agreement with Bank Leumi Le'Israel, nominating the bank as the currency issue bank of
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that the secretary of the Iraqi Jewish Community Council, Dr. Habasi, was detained by police in
seven other Jews, on charges of hiding "huge quantities of arms." All
of the detained previously renounced their Iraqi citizenship and were waiting
for emigration to Baghdad . Israel
1952: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion expressed satisfaction today that the Zionist Organization of America at its convention in New York this week had cleared up the misunderstanding about the right of foreign Zionists to participate in the shaping of Israel's policies.
1952: Birthdate of actress Carol Kane who played Simka on the television show Taxi.
1953: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed after having been convicted as spies.
1957: Saul Rogovin pitched his last major league baseball game.
1959: The U.S. Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secretary of Commerce. At a time when most Jews were Democrats, Strauss was a Republican. He was part of the liberal, internationalist wing of the party. He had worked with Herbert Hoover on war relief during World War I. Strauss made special efforts to see to that aid from the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee got to the Jews of Europe who were in dire straits. He served in the Navy during World War II and became involved in atomic energy. He was rejected because of his role in dealing with Robert J. Oppenheimer.
1962: Birthdate of 1980’s pop star Paula Abdul. Her mother is French Canadian and her father is of Syrian Sephardic origins.
1964: The United States Senate passed The Civil Rights Bill that would eventually become the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This landmark legislation outlawed a variety of forms of discrimination including that based on religion. The bill, which was primarily aimed at ending racial segregation, had support from Jewish groups and Jewish legislators. In the House, the bill was managed by Congressman Cellar who helped bring it to victory in that body.
1965: A novella entitled "Hapworth 16, 1924", the last published work of J.D. Salinger appeared today in The New Yorker magazine
1966(1st of Tamuz, 5726): Rosh Chodesh Tamuz
1966(1st of Tamuz, 5726): Comedian Ed Wynn passed away. Born Isaiah Edwin Leopold in 1886 in
Wynn’s father was a successful milliner. He did not want his son to go into
show business. When the son would not yield, his father asked him to at least
change his name so as not to disgrace the family. He decided to split his first
name "Edwin" into Ed Wynn. Wynn was a successful comic in vaudeville
and the early days of show business. He had his own show, which won an Emmy. He
would appear in baggy pants suits pedaling a tricycle fitted with a piano. When
his brand of clown-like comedy lost its popular appeal, Wynn followed the
advice of his son and turned to acting. He appeared in a wide variety of hits
including Marjorie Morningstar, The Diary of Anne Frank and Mary Poppins
attesting to his real skill as an actor. Philadelphia
1967: Prime Minister Levi Eshkol announced that "as an interim stage, a military situation will remain in the
1967: “In a secret decision, the government of Levi Eshkol offered
peace on the basis of the international border,’ with adjustments for Israeli
security needs.” Syria
1979: Birthdate of Daniel Jonathan Sieradski “a Jewish American writer and activist” who was “the founding publisher and editor-in-chief of Jewschool, a popular left-wing Jewish weblog, as well as the weblogs Radical Torah and Orthodox Anarchist. He is also the creator of the synagogue listings and reviews website ShulShopper.”
1980: In Charleston, SC, the Greek Revival building housing Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Synagogue was designated as a National Historic Landmark. For those who think of American Jewry as being a New York or eastern creation, it comes as a surprise that this is the second oldest synagogue building in continuous operation in the United States. Also, when this congregation adopted the Reform minhag in 1824 it became one of the founding forces of the Reform Movement in the United States – something most people connect with Cincinnati, Ohio
1984(19th of Sivan, 5744): Abstract expressionist Lee Krasner passed away.
1987: Ben & Jerry Ice Cream founded by Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield announce
a new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia
a new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia
1989(16th of Sivan, 5749): Writer and social critic I(sidor) F(einstein) Stone passes away at the age of 81.
1992:In Palermo, the Fifth International Convention of Studies of "Italia Judaica" came to a close.
1993: Philosopher and movie star Bernard-Henri Levy married actress Arielle Bombasle.
1994(10th of Tammuz, 5754): Sheina Chaya, the wife Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv and the daughter of Rabbi Aryeh Levin passed away.
1994: The New York Times published a review of History of Resistance: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising by Israel Gutman. "They refused to surrender, preferring instead to fight to the death and thus preserve their honor," Israel Gutman writes in Resistance, his account of the band of starving Jews who fought the Nazis in Poland in April 1943. Mr. Gutman, a Holocaust survivor who teaches modern Jewish history at Hebrew University in Jerusalem and is the director of the research center at Israel's national Holocaust memorial, Yad Vashem, intelligently outlines the elements that weakened the Jewish resistance movement in Warsaw. These included not only Nazi air attacks and arson, food and water shortages and the neglect of the Polish underground resistance movement, but also the abandonment of the ghetto by its most prominent political leaders and arguments among the many rival Jewish organizations over a course of action. One wishes that Mr. Gutman had recorded events chronologically rather than switching back and forth in time. One longs for more information about heroes like Mordecai Anielewicz, the brave underground leader who escaped
but returned to command the uprising, and Yitzhak Zuckerman, the uprising's
deputy commander, who survived to write about it. Still, Resistance,
which is published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial
Museum, lucidly illustrates how a few hundred Jewish fighters with Molotov
cocktails, homemade grenades and no military training twice forced the Germans
to retreat from the ghetto and refused to go like lambs to the slaughter. Warsaw
1995: The cartoon strip Rhymes With Orange appeared in syndication for the first time. With its debut, twenty-five-year-old cartoonist Hilary Price became the youngest woman ever to have a nationally-syndicated cartoon strip.
1995: David Libai begins his term as Minister of Internal Affairs.
1996(2nd of Tamuz, 5756): G. David Shine passed away. Roy Cohn, the Chief Counsel, named Shine as investigator for the McCarthy Committee, which was supposedly exposing the Communist Conspiracy during the 1950’s. Shine was drafted and McCarthy claimed the drafting of his investigator was part of the Communist Conspiracy to thwart his efforts. He attacked the U.S. Army for being involved in the Communist Conspiracy. These charges led to the famous Army-McCarthy Hearings, which led to his downfall.
1996: The Eldridge Street Synagogue was designated as a National Historic Landmark. Located at 12 Eldridge Street on New York’s lower east side, it was built in 1887 to meet the needs of the growing population of eastern European Jews. As demographics changed, the synagogue fell on hard times in the 1950’s. In the 1980’s restoration projects began which reinvigorate and physically restore the synagogue.
2001(28th of Sivan, 5761): Rabbi Bernard Mandelbaum, president from 1966 to 1971 of the Jewish Theological Seminary, the academic and spiritual center of Conservative Judaism, passed away today at a the age of 99. Rabbi Mandelbaum, born in Brooklyn, came to the seminary, at Broadway and 122nd Street, as a student in 1942 after graduating from Columbia College. After being ordained, he held a variety of posts at the seminary, including dean of students, provost, and professor of Midrash, or scriptural interpretation. He became president of the seminary in 1966, when Rabbi Louis Finkelstein was chancellor. The person who holds the position of chancellor has long been regarded as the de facto head of the Conservative movement, to which nearly two million American Jews belong. Rabbi Mandelbaum was widely regarded as being groomed to succeed Rabbi Finkelstein as chancellor and it was also expected that Dr. Gerson Cohen would succeed him as president. He lost a highly publicized succession battle for the chancellorship, though. Instead, Dr. Cohen became chancellor and Rabbi Mandelbaum left the seminary. The succession battle involved issues of personality and skills as well as religious ideology. Rabbi Mandelbaum was regarded as the superior fund-raiser and administrator, Dr. Cohen as the greater scholar. Rabbi Mandelbaum was also considered more traditional, and Dr. Cohen did go on to lead the seminary in a more progressive direction, presiding in 1985 over the ordination of the first women to become rabbis in Conservative Judaism. Rabbi David C. Kogen, a vice chancellor of the seminary at the time, recalled the succession battle as ''a major crossroads'' in the life of the institution. ''If Rabbi Mandelbaum had become chancellor, women rabbis would not have come into being so soon, if at all,'' Rabbi Kogen said. Women are now a large part of the seminary's rabbinical school. The seminary ordained 29 rabbis last month, and 12 were women, bringing to 123 the number of women ordained since 1985, seminary officials said. Rabbi Mandelbaum later held other leadership roles, including serving as president of the America-Israel Cultural Foundation, which was established to promote musical and culture exchanges. He was also executive vice president of the Synagogue Council of America, an umbrella organization of the major Jewish denominations, and created and led the Foundation for Future Generations, which supported Jewish education. Rabbi Mandelbaum was the author or editor of several books. His major scholarly work was a critical edition of the ''Pesikta deRav Kahana,'' a work of biblical interpretation dating to the Fifth Century, which was published by the seminary in 1962.
2003: In New York, The Israel Fest Foundation proudly presented Academy Award winning director Milos Forman with the 19th Israel Film Festival 2003 Lifetime Achievement Award and Israeli director Dina Zvi Riklis with the 2003
IFF Cinematic Award. The
Award Ceremony is followed by the premiere of the hit romantic comedy Wisdom
of the Pretzel directed by Ilan
Heitner, starring Guy Loel,
Osnat Hakim & Yoram Sachs.
2003: Rudy Giuliani led the U.S. delegation to the first Organization for Security and Cooperation conference on anti-Semitism being held in Vienna. The conference came about, in part, because of the strong support from the Bush Administration.
2005: The Washington Post reported that meetings had been held over the weekend at
in which Deputy Prime Minister Shimon Peres announced that he would seek the
top spot in Yifat, Israel ’s
government. Despite the fact that he is
now 81 and that he has failed to accomplish the goal in four previous attempts.
Peres thinks that now is the time for him to finally reach his goal. Israel
2005: The Washington Post reported that Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice declared from Jerusalem, “that her meetings with Israeli and Palestinian leaders convinced her that both sides share a commitment to ensuring Israel’s withdrawal from Gaza takes place smoothly and peacefully.” At the end of the same article the Post reported that “Coinciding with Rice’s visit Sunday, Palestinians…attacked Israelis…in the southern Gaza Strip killing one Israeli and wounding two others…The attack was the second major assault on Israeli targets in recent days.” Islamic Jihad and a group affiliated with Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah movement took credit for the attack. As head of the
Abbas is one of those Palestinian leaders whom Secretary Rice said was
committed to a smooth and peaceful Israeli withdrawal from . Gaza
2005: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently release paperback editions of Letters to a Young Lawyer by Alan Dershowitz and Sweet Land Stories by E.L. Doctorow.
2006: Haaretz reported on the Sderot's municipal council decision to seal off the city's entrance for a 24-hour period in protest of continuing Qassam rocket attacks by Palestinians against the western
Negev city. “Sderot is going on strike
and no one will enter or leave it," Sderot mayor Eli Moyal said. Kassam
attacks have left five dead and dozens wounded over the past months.
2006: An article entitled Jerusalem Finding 'Oxygen' In Revival of Creative Arts, describes the renaissance of the arts taking place in Jerusalem. The artistic renaissance covers a full spectrum of endeavors and is having a positive influence on the spiritual rejuvenation of the City of
. [Editor’s Note - What is even more amazing,
this is article is devoid of the usual “stuff” that permeates almost all
reporting on Israel and Jewish culture in the Middle East.] David
2006: Israel's ambassador to Germany presented medals of honor on to relatives of five members of the first "European Union" - an anti-Nazi resistance group whose members hid and fed Jews during World War Two. This European Union, which had the same name but nothing to do with the modern 25-nation bloc of European countries, was an underground, Marxist-oriented group with around 50 to 60 German members, according to a protocol prepared by Yad Vashem Holocaust museum.
2006: Carol Vogel described the history of Gustav Klimt’s Adele Bloch-Bauer I in “Lauder Pays $135 Million, a Record, for a Klimt Portrait.”
2007(3rd of Tammuz, 5767): Zeev Schiff, the dean of Israeli military correspondents, defense editor of the newspaper Haaretz and author of numerous books, died today in Tel Aviv. He was 74.Schiff held a special place in Israeli journalism, gaining the confidence of those in the highest ranks of the military establishment and commanding their respect for what they viewed as his incisive analysis and reporting. He became a household name in Israel. "Politicians, generals and colleagues alike would seek his guidance, from Israel, the Arab world and the United States," said Ehud Yaari, a leading Israeli Arab affairs commentator who was co-author of two international best sellers with Schiff - "Israel's Lebanon War" and "Intifada." "He was an institution in himself, and one of the founders of strategic thinking in the state of Israel," said Zvi Stauber, head of the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv, an independent research institute where Schiff was a member of the board. He joined the staff of Haaretz in 1955 when the press of Israel, then a besieged seven-year-old state, was still under heavy military censorship. Haaretz grew up alongside the country's leaders and developed a relationship with them that would be far less likely today. He both covered them and informally advised them, yet remained independent. Born in France in 1933, Schiff came in 1935 with his family to what was then British-administered Palestine. He studied Middle East affairs and military history at Tel Aviv University. He worked as a military correspondent in Vietnam, the Soviet Union, Cyprus and Ethiopia, and won a number of awards, including the Sokolov Journalism Prize in 1975 for his book "October Earthquake and the Yom Kippur War." He became a senior associate of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1984, and was a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
2007: The second annual Jerusalem Jazz Festival opens in Israel’s capital city.
2007(3rd of Tammuz, 5767): Yahrzeit for the Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, of righteous memory.
2007: Rachel Elizabeth Levin, daughter of Michelle and Michael Levin, sister of Jacob Levin, arrives in
2008: Hazak Week of Study comes to an end.
2008: At Temple Chai in Long Grove, Il, Israeli author Eva Etzioni-Halevy speaks about her latest biblical novel, “The Triumph of Deborah.”
2008: More than 100 Israeli political and cultural leaders from across the political spectrum have signed a petition to Yad Vashem that they present to Yad Vashem chairman Avner Shalev urging the Holocaust museum to add material about the Holocaust rescue activists known as the Bergson Group to its exhibits. “The Bergson Group was a maverick activist group in the
in the 1940s, led by Peter
Bergson, also known as Hillel Kook that raised public awareness of the
Holocaust and campaigned for US rescue action to save European Jewry during
World War II. At the time, mainstream American Jewish leaders viewed the
organization as being too forthright in its criticism of the US Roosevelt
administration's failure to rescue Jewish refugees. However, in recent years
most Jewish leaders have come to recognize the group's contribution to the
belated rescue effort. The Bergson Group is credited with helping to persuade
president in 1944 to establish the War Refugee Board, which ultimately saved
200,000 Jewish lives - including future Congressman Tom Lantos, who passed away
earlier this year. Despite opposition from mainstream US Jewish leaders, the
group actively campaigned to save the doomed Jews of Europe through theatrical
pageants, lobbying on Capitol Hill, the placement of more than 200 newspaper
advertisements, and a march in Washington by 400 rabbis, which the Wyman
Institute said was the only rally for rescue held in the nation's capital
during the Holocaust.” US
2008: The agreement for a cease-fire between
and Hamas in the Gaza Strip
is to go into effect at
2008: The United Nations’ Children Fund (UNICEF) swore off any relationship with Israeli diamond mogul, Lev Leviev because of his construction of settlements on the
2009: Police officers, Holocaust survivors and employees of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum gathered at the Ebenezer AME Church on Allentown Road in Fort Washington today for the funeral services for security officer Stephen T. Johns who was slain last week in an attack at the popular Washington museum. The funeral began about 11 a.m. but the first mourners got to the church around 7:30. Johns's bronze coffin arrived at the church in a white hearse and was carried in by an honor guard of officers from the Metropolitan Police Department and the Smithsonian Museum. At 9 a.m. mourners were allowed in to view the body, walking up to two security guards posted on both sides of the open casket. Leading the mourners were Johns's fellow security officers from Wackenhut security firm. Several officers saluted the casket as they walked by. Johns was dressed in a cream linen suit, a toy butterfly on the pillow next to him. A recording of local recording artist Jeff Majors's "Psalm 23" was played as mourners streamed in to view the body. Police officers from a variety of law enforcement agencies were present. Assistant D.C. Assistant Police Chief Alfred Durham and Joseph Persichini, head of the FBI's Washington field office, led a platoon of police officials into the church. Durham praised Johns's sacrifice saying he "laid down his life to protect something. it means a lot to all of us." Persichini, after walking past Johns's casket, talked about the special bond among all who wear law enforcement uniforms and said that extends to "the response to the shooting incident and now the investigation being done and conducted jointly." Evelyn Gambell, 67, did not know Johns but left her Bladensburg home at 5:30 to come to the church pay her respects. "This touched my heart. I had to come," Gambell said. "We live in a cruel world, but I believe he's resting in the arms of the Lord." Several sections within the 3,000 seat sanctuary were reserved. One section was for Holocaust survivors who came to the funeral. Nesse Godin, 81, a Holocaust survivor who volunteers at the museum, said Johns and the other officers would greet them with a kiss on the cheek and a hug each morning when she arrived."He was a wonderful man," she said. About 9:30 a.m. a caravan of buses rolled up to the church, carrying several hundred staff members from the Holocaust Museum. Johns was working as a security guard last week at the museum when white supremacist James W. von Brunn, 88, allegedly walked in with a rifle and fatally shot Johns after the officer opened the door for him, authorities say. Von Brunn was charged with killing while in possession of a firearm in a federal facility. He remains in a hospital with gunshot wounds from another officer. The Holocaust Museum will be closed until 3 p.m. to allow employees and volunteers to attend the services. Museum officials set up a memorial fund for the Johns family. To make an online contribution, go to the Johns Family Fund at http://www.ushmm.org. Checks payable to the Johns Family Fund may be mailed to the museum at 100 Raoul Wallenberg Pl. SW, Washington, D.C. 20024. Contributions can also be made by calling 877-918-7466.
2009: As her Bat Mitzvah weekend begins, Rachel Maikon helps to lead Friday evening services at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
2010: The Jewish National Fund is scheduled to host Shabbat in the Park at New York’s Central Park Zoo.
2010: In a unique way to say farewell to Shabbat, a pre-camp Havdallah and swim party for campers and their families is scheduled to be held at the 14th Street Y in New York City.
2011: “The People in the Picture” by Iris Rainer Dart has its final showing at the Round About Theatre.
2011: In San Diego, CA, The Used Book Sale to benefit the Samuel & Rebecca Astor Judaica Library is scheduled to come to a close.
2011: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish author and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “The Secret Knowledge: On the Dismantling of American Culture” by David Mamet and “House of Exile: The Lives and Times of Heinrich Mann and Nelly Kroeger-Mann” by Evelyn Juers
2011(17th of Sivan, 5771): Centenarian plus 2, Charlotte Bloomberg, the mother of New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg passed away.
2011(17th of Sivan, 5771): Ninety year old Don Diamond passed away. For those who watched television in the 1950’s and 1960’s, they saw him in many episodes of F-Troop and Zorro as well as later series including “Newhart,” “L.A. Law,” “MacGyver,” “Dallas” and “Dynasty,” “Lou Grant,” “Chico and the Man” and “The Streets of San Francisco.”
2011(17th of Sivan, 5771): Ninety-year old Holocaust survivor Samuil Manski passed away. Manski credited his survival to a transit visa issued to him by a Japanese diplomat name Chiune Sughira who risked his career by acting against the orders of his country. At the time of his death, Manski was working to Sughira recognized as a Righteous Gentile.
2012: “When Israel Went Out,” a film that retraces the danger-filled route traveled by the Falasha during the 1980’s is scheduled to be shown at the JCC in Manhattan.
2012: Dr Anthony Grenville, author of ‘Jewish Refugees from Germany and Austria in Britain’ and film director Dr. Bea Lewkowicz are scheduled to take part in a Q&A following a screening of “Double Exposure” at the Wiener Library in London.
Copyright; June, 2012; Mitchell A. Levin firstname.lastname@example.org