JUNE 18 In Jewish History
1291: King Alfonso III of Aragon passed away. Alfonso was supposed to marry Princess Eleanor of England but he died before the marriage could take place. Eleanor was the daughter of Edward I, the King of England who had expelled the Jews from his realm. One can only wonder if the marriage had been consummated, would the son-in-law have followed the example of the father-in-law and expelled the Jews from his domain which would have meant Jews would have been expelled two centuries earlier than it actually happened.
1321 21 Sivan): In response to threats of expulsion from Rome instigated by Sangisa a sister of Pope John XXII, the Jews instituted a day of fasting a prayer. At a more practical level the Jews of Rome sent a messenger to
to the papal court of King Robert of Avignon , “the patron of
the Jews” who interceded on their behalf.
The twenty thousand ducats given to the King may have helped to sway his
sympathy as well. Naples
1492: A Sicilian version the Edict of Expulsion issued by the Spanish monarchs was published today in Palermo.
1768: The Haidamak Massacres (
reached Uman. The peasant serfs and Cossacks rioted much in the same vein as
Chemielnicki one hundred and twenty years earlier. At Uman the Poles and Jews
defended the city together under the Polish commander Ivan Gonta. The next day,
convinced by Zheleznyak the Polish revolutionary, that only the Jews would be attacked,
Gonta allowed the fortified city to be entered without a fight. (This would not
be the last time that the Poles sold out the Jews in an attempt to save their
own skins. And it was not the last time that those who murdered the Jews would
in turn slaughter them.) Approximately 8000 Jews were killed, many of them
trying to defend themselves near the synagogue. As soon as the Jews were all
massacred the Haidamaks (the paramilitary bands) began to kill the Poles.
Although the Haidamaks began in the 1730's the main rioting was during the
years 1734, 1750 and 1768 .It is estimated that during these years 20,000 Jews
were killed. The Haidamaks became part of the Ukrainian national movement and
are celebrated in folklore and literature. Ukraine
1778: During the American Revolutionary War, today’s departure of British troops from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania must have been met with mixed emotions by the Jewish community. A minority, as represented by David Franks and his daughter Rebecca were Tories would miss their British patrons. The majority of the city’s Jews, including Colonel David Salisbury Franks, the nephew of David Franks, supported the Revolutionary cause and took heart at the departure of their British occupiers.
1812: Beginning of the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain. This conflict is referred the Second War For American Independence, since the victory in the War of 1812 meant that the United States would survive. If
prevailed, the country that has provided so much opportunity for its Jewish
population would have ceased to exist.
Despite their small number, Jews were active participants in the defense
of the young Republic. The most colorful
was a privateer named John Ordronaux.
The French born Ordronaux captured several British prize ships during
the war. His most famous action came
when his ship, the Prince de Neufchatel captured the British frigate
Endymion. In a scene that would do credit
to a Russell Crowe naval epic, Ordronaux ordered his men to board the British
fighting ship. When his men appeared to
be losing heart and prepared to retreat, Ordronaux grab a lighted match and
threatened to blow up the magazine if his men did not return to the fight. They took him at his word and turned the tide
against the better armed and trained British seaman. Uriah P. Levy, who as Commodore Levy would
end the use of the lash for punishing sailors and would save Monticello for
posterity, saw his first fighting as a member of the U.S. Navy during this
war. Last, but not least, Judah Turo
fought in the Battle of New Orleans where he was wounded. Turo would live for the next forty years with
Rezon Davis Shephered. He was the one
who took the wounded Turo from the battlefield and saw to it that his wounds
were treated. Turo became a successful
businessman whose philanthropy included everything from the England
to several Bunker Hill Monument
Jewish organizations and institutions. New Orleans
1815: Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. According to one account, fifty-two French Jews lost their lives in the battle. This defeat marked a return of the reactionaries to power in
The laws of emancipation that had benefited the Jews of Europe were rolled
back. It would take many decades for the Jews of Europe to win them back. On
the other hand, Nathan Rothschild, head of the London branch if the famous
family bank was, like all Englishman, pleased with the victory of his
country. According to some sources, he
had actually provided the funds for the army of the Iron Duke. There is an anti-Semitic legend that Nathan
manipulated the Stock Exchange and by deception, made a fortune as a result of
1836: Birthdate of Bavarian born French jurist and author Frederick Reitlinger, who studied Talmud with Abraham Geiger and was named an Officer of the Legion of Honor.
1843: With Isaac Lesser serving as the Rabbi, Congregation Mikveh
in Israel accepts the
weekly sermon in English as part of its practices. Philadelphia
1852(1st of Tammuz, 5612): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1877: The friends of Joseph Seligman held an informal meeting to discuss recent events at Saratoga Springs, NY. The meeting was chaired by Edward Lauterbach, Mr. Seligman’s lawyer. Lauterbach provided a summary of the episode in which Mr. Seligman was informed that the Grand Union Hotel would no longer rent rooms to Jewish guest. The decision had been made by the hotel owner, Judge Henry Hilton. Lauterbach then read a letter that Seligman had written, but not sent, to Judge Hilton. In the letter, Seligman described the insult that had been done to the Jewish people and wondered if Hilton would be sending a circular to Jews telling them not to shop at his Broadway stores. Those in attendance applauded when Lauterbach finished reading the letter. Lauterbach said that the Jews of New York and the United States “could not afford to let the matter rest.” At a time when laws prohibiting Jewish involvement in society were being removed in many other countries it would be wrong to let this happen here. While there had been some anti-Jewish feeling expressed in the United States, it had been limited “to ignorant people –to the small vipers…but now the big snakes have attacked and it is time that” Jews “awaken and defend” themselves. The attendees debated on how best to respond. It was agreed that the letter should be released to the newspapers, if Seligman agreed. It was also agreed that a “mass meeting of the Jewish citizens” of New York should be held to protest Hilton’s ban. Furthermore, “leading citizens and clergyman should be invited to attend and express their support for the Jewish population.
1877: Judge Henry Hilton offered a reporter a series of seemingly contradictory explanations for the refusal of the management of the Grand Union to rent rooms to Joseph Seligman. At various points in the interview Judge Hilton said that Seligman was using the episode because he and other Jews were upset with the widow of the late Alexander Stewart because she had failed to make contributions to Jewish charities. At another point, he said that Seligman was not a Hebrew because he had joined the Reform Movement and was instead a Jew. Therefore Seligman had no right to complain about discrimination based on religion. Judge Hilton also said that it was staying at the Grand Union was very expensive and that only a limited number of people could afford to do so. Therefore he had to cater to their desires and it was these wealthy patrons who had complained about Jews staying at the hotel. Hilton predicted that other fancy hotels would follow his lead in banning Jews; a ban which he earlier denied existed.
1881: It was reported today that 60,000 Jews are expected to immigrate to Spain following a decision by the Madrid government to allow entrance by Jews expelled from Russia.
1881: It was reported that in light of decision by authorities to take a census of the Jews of Kiev, a large number of them have left the area.
1882(1st of Tammuz, 5642): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1882: In Tisza- Eszlar, Hungary, during a blood-libel frenzy, a gamekeeper recovers the body of a girl from the Nyiregyhaza River. Although the body was probably not the body of the girl for whom the authorities were looking, they would decide that this corpse was really part of a Jewish conspiracy and would use it as an excuse to arrest three more Jews from whom confessions would be obtained by force.
1886: The Times of London reported today that Flinders Petrie, the noted English Egyptologist, has discovered the ancient ruins the Biblical “Tahpanhes” described in Chapter 43 in the Book of Jeremiah as the site where Jews fleeing the Babylonians found refuge in 586 BCE. The Pharaoh welcomed them and distributed tracts of land for them to settle and develop. [This is another example of archeology supporting the stories in the Bible. The Pharaoh’s generosity stands in sharp contrast to the Egyptians to fight with the Judeans against the Babylonians as they had promised.]
1891: Birthdate of Edward “Eddie” Jacobson, American businessman and friend of Harry Truman who interceded with him to help gain his support for the creation of the modern state of
1899: During a six day meeting in
. Herzl, Max Nordau
and Alexander Marmorek meet Narcisse Leven who assures them that the Jewish
Colonization Association will cooperate when it comes to practical
1901(1st of Tammuz, 5661): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1901, Gertrude Weil became the first
resident to graduate from North
Carolina , Smith College
1904: Birthdate of French composer Manuel Rosenthal
1911: Sarah Berhnhardt finishes a thirty-five week theatrical tour of the
and U.S. Canada
1913: Birthdate of Sammy Cahn. Born Samuel Cohen, Cahn played both the violin and the piano. But his fame came as a musical composer. He passed away in 1993, one of a long of Jews who provided the tunes for Broadway and
1914: Day school for adult Oriental Jews opened on the New York’s East Side.
1917: During World War I, reports from London state that Zionist activity in Turkey has been prohibited by the government.
1918: Birthdate Franco Modigliani, Italian born American winner of the Nobel Prize for economics in 1985.
1919: The publication of Haaretz, a Hebrew daily newspaper, begins in
It will move to Tel Aviv in 1923. It is independent and liberal in orientation.
Its literary supplement features the best Hebrew writers and scholars both from
the Diaspora. Palestine
1921: Winston Churchill “informed his officials at the Colonial Office that he believed it was impossible for Britain to grant any form of representation to the Arabs that would give them the power to halt Jewish immigration.”
1923: In Baltimore, a report read at tonight's session of the Zionist convention by Emanuel Newmann, General Secretary of the Palestine Foundation states that six million dollars has been raised In the past two years by Jewish organizations in the United States devoted to the rebuilding of Palestine, and of this sum $4,250,000, amounting to 70 per cent, of the total, has been raised by the Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod).
1923: Checker Cab puts its first taxi on the streets. Originally a Checker Cab was a taxicab built by the Checker Cab Company. The Checker Cab Company had been formed by Morris Markin a Russian Jewish immigrant. Markin was so poor when he arrived in the United States that he had to borrow the $25 for the bond necessary for those entering the country from a porter working at Ellis Island. Beginning as a tailor, Markin amassed enough of a fortune to own his own garment business and to bring the rest of his family from Russia to Chicago. After starting the Checker Cab Company, he bought the Yellow Cab Company. He passed away in 1970.
1929: Jacob Goldman a former student at New York University living in Tel Aviv writes a letter on this date “telling of demonstrations by young Aras and the circulation of songs calling Moslems to ‘take up the sword’ against the foreign ruler and the Jews.’”
1929: Birthdate of Tibor "Ted" Rubin “a Hungarian-born Holocaust survivor who immigrated to the United States in 1948 and received the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Korean War by President George W. Bush in 2005.”
1930: A discharged Arab policeman has been arrested in Jaffa as a suspect in the attempted murder of Police Captain F.M. Scott of Tel Aviv. “It is believed that the former policeman swore vengeance against Scott because he had dissmissed him from the force.
1933: Dr. Chaim Arlosoroff, the 34 year old Zionist leader gunned down by two unknown assassins was buried this afternoon. About 70,000 persons marched in the funeral procession, with delegations attending from all parts of the country. Beryl Katzenellenson, editor of Davar, Meir Dizengoff, Mayor of Tel Aviv and Menachem Ussishkin, head of the Jewish National Fund all delivered eulogies.
1933: Birthdate of Jerzy Kosiński, Polish-born American author. During the Holocaust, Kosinski was hidden by a Polish family using a false Baptismal certificate. After the war, he was reunited with his parents. He came to the United States in 1957. The Painted Bird and Being There are two of his most famous efforts. He passed away in 1991.
1936: The Palestine Post reported that a commission had been appointed by the government to replace the Haifa's Municipal Council which since the beginning of the Arab boycott was no longer able to discharge its duties. The government began to demolish the condemned buildings in the Old City of Jaffa. The quarter looked like a nightmare with furniture, bedding and odds and ends being dragged out of condemned houses.
1936: In New York City Sidney and Frances Wimmer gave birth to Richard Samuel Wimmer who would finally achieve his goal of being a published author with the appearance of Irish Wine in 1989. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)
1936 (28th of Sivan, 5696): “Two more Jews died today as a result of Arab terrorism…Abraham Benyehuda died from wounds received in a recent ambush of a bus belonging to the Jewish colony of Ataroth, north of Jerusalem…Joseph Shefter, proprietor of the Leviathan tannery located on the outskirts of Tel Aviv, died as a result of an attack this afternoon on a bus which he and nine of his employees were returning to Tel Aviv.
1938: Winston Churchill wrote to Sir Alexander Maxwell, the Permanent Under-Secretary of State at the Home Office asking him for assistance in making Vic Oliver’s wish to become a naturalized British subject a reality. Vic Oliver was an Austrian born Jewish actor, radio comedian and pianist who had married Churchill’s daughter Sarah. Churchill had opposed the marriage at first because Oliver was sixteen years old than his daughter and twice-divorced. Later, he came to “like and esteem him greatly.”
1940: Members of the Etzel command who were imprisoned in the summer 1of 939 are released.
1940: Charles De Gaulle issued L'Appel du 18 Juin (the Appeal of 18 June) over the BBC radio service in which he called upon the French to resist the Vichy regime and to fight on against the Nazis despite the signing of the armistice. This is considered to the start of the French Resistance. While many Frenchmen heeded his call, a large number actually supported Vichy and collaborated with the Nazis. The Myth of the Resistance grew in proportion to Allied successes following Normandy.
1944: Rabbi Philip Lipis, who was serving as a Chaplain in the United States Navy, spoke at the installation service at Congregation Beth El in Camden, NJ where Morris LIebman began his fourth term as President of the Congregation and Mrs. Max PIncus became Sisterhood President. Lipis had taken leave from his position as the congregation’s rabbi to serve during World War II.
1947: Ben-Gurion published a long memorandum addressed to the Haganah command. He outlined a three-fold structure for the organization: an excellent attack force for special purposes; a driving force in the form of a regular army; and a territorial defense force. The most urgent goal: training commanders up through the battalion level; establishing a high school for commanders to prepare battalion commanders and staff officers. This was necessary because up until this time, the Haganah’s platoon commander’s course was the highest level of training.
1947: John Henry Patterson, who attained the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Essex Yeomanry before retiring passed away today. Many know Patterson as the British officer portrayed by Val Kilmer in “The Ghost and the Darkness,” a film based on Patterson’s building of a bridge in Kenya before WW I. Jews remember him as the commander of the Zion Mule Corps and the 38th Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers which was popularly known as the Jewish Legion of the British Army. Patterson sacrificed his own career to fight the anti-Semitism that was so rife among many British officers of that time. He wrote two books about his experiences – With the Zionists at Gallipoli and With the Judeans in Palestine. Patterson’s close relationship with Zionist leaders can be seen in the fact that he was the Godfather of Benzion Netanyahu’s oldest son, Yonatan “Yoni” Netanyahu, the hero of Entebbe and the brother of the current Prime Minister of Israel.
1947: Ben-Gurion appointed Yaakov Dori as the chief of staff and Yisrael Galili as the new national command head as part of his plan to revamp the Yishuv’s military forces.
1950: Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett asked Israeli newspaper editors today to go slow in attacking Eastern bloc Governments and particularly their representatives. His plea followed protests by diplomatic representatives to the Government against press attacks.
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that the
Negev rejoiced when water spurted several meters high in
the yellow wilderness when Avraham Hartzfeld, the gray-haired patron of the
settlers, turned the tap of the new pipeline and pumping station.
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel's first steel-pipe factory was opened south of Acre by the Middle East Tube Co. Ltd.
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that the new freighter Eilat called at Haifa with a cargo of 9,000 tons of wheat and 2,000 tons of machinery.
1952: Eight days after the Israeli government imposed a forced loan of 10 percent on currency holdings and bank accounts, the deflationary effect has been so sharp “that Government officials are uncertain whether to be jubilant or worried. Newspapers have experience an unexpected decline in revenue due to a loss of circulation at time when they had just negotiated a new labor contract increasing wages of workers. A round trip ticket from Tel Aviv to Paris has jumped in the past year from 175 Israeli pounds to 500 Israeli pounds. Shops of all kind are doing less business and nightclubs report that their earnings on Saturday night (their busiest time) are less now than they were for an average week night a year ago.
1954: Pierre Mendes-France became Premier of France. Born in 1907 in
, Mendes-France’s came from a family of
Sephardic Jews. He was trained as a lawyer and fought with the Free French
during World War II. After the war, Mendes-France served in numerous
governments in the revolving door of the Paris .
Mendes-France was an anti-colonialist. He served as Premier after the fall of Fourth Republic Dien Bien Phu, and negotiated the end to the French
Indo-China War. Several Catholic political leaders attacked him for this and
the attack quickly became anti-Semitic. Mendes-France also began the
negotiations that would lead to independence for the French colonies in North Africa. Mendes-France political signature was a
glass of milk. After the war, some French leaders were concerned that French
people were drinking too much wine and starting to drink at too early an age.
When Mendes-France would appear in public, there invariably was a glass of milk
on the lectern, which he made a point of sipping some time during the
presentation. Mendes-France passed away in 1982.
1956: Golda Meir replaced Moshe Sharett as Foreign Minister. Sharett had held the position since the creation of the state, even when he was serving as Prime Minister. Meir’s colorful career had already included clandestine negotiations with the King of Jordan and a stint as the first Ambassador to the Soviet Union. Eventually she would rise to the position of Prime Minister.
1959: A federal court overturned Arkansas state laws that allowed schools faced with integration to be closed. Harry Ehrenberg, Sr., of blessed memory, was one of those unsung heroes who literally risked his as he carried a petition seeking support to keep the Little Rock schools open despite the race baiting efforts of Governor Faubus to defy school integration.
1966(30th of Sivan, 5726): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Treasury and the Histadrut had jointly decided that Value Added Tax would be levied at 8 percent, as of July 1.
1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that two Israeli missile boats sailed for the US to take part in the July 4 Bicentennial salute on the Hudson River.
1984(18th of Sivan, 5744): Murder of Alan Berg, Denver-based radio talk show host. Berg was shot by Christian White Supremacists.
1987: Daniel Barenboim began 9 days of conducting the IPO in a series of partially staged operas - ''Don Giovanni,'' ''The Marriage of Figaro'' and ''Cosi Fan Tutte'' – that included performers from the Paris Opera.
1992(17th of Sivan, 5752): Famed Israeli painter, Mordecai Ardon, passed away His works included an effort from 1944 entitled “Ein Karem.” In English Ein Karem means “Spring of the Vineyard.” It is located on the southwest edge of
1996(1st of Tammuz, 5756): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1996(1st of Tammuz, 5756): Kesari Yisrael passed away. Born in Yemen in 1933, he came to Palestine at the age of two. After studying at Hebrew University and Tel Aviv University he became a leader of Histadrut before being elected to the Knesset and serving as a cabinet minister.
1996: Limor Livnat succeeds Shulamit Aloni as Minister of Communications
1996: Benny Begin begins serving as The Science and Technology Minister of Israel
1996: Eli Suissa succeeds Haim Ramon as Internal Affairs Minister
1996: Israel Kessar completes his term as Minister of Transport, National Infrastructure and Road Safety.
1996: David Levy succeeds Ehud Barak as foreign minister.
1996: Binyamin Ben-Eliezer completes his term as Minister of Housing and Construction
1996: Binyamin Netanyahu succeeds Shimon Sheetrit as Minister of Religious Services
1996: Gonen Segev completed his service as Minister of Energy and Water Resources.
1997(13th of Sivan, 5757): Lev Kopelev passed away. The Russian born Kopelev was an idealist and a committed Bolshevik. Over time, he would become a dissident and ended up having to live out his days in
. Cologne, Germany
1999: The Times of London reviewed “Israel and the Bomb” by Avner Cohen.
2000: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Groucho: The Life and Times of Julius Henry Marx by Stefan Kanfer, Monkey Business: The Lives and Legends of the Marx Brothers: Groucho, Chico, Harpo, Zeppo With Added Gummo by Simon Louvish, The Essential Groucho: Writings by, for, and About Groucho Marx Edited by Stefan Kanfer, How to Read and Why by Harold Bloom, King David: A Biography by Steven L. McKenzie and The Jewish State: The Struggle for Israel's Soul by Yoram Hazony
2003(18th of Sivan, 5763): A Palestinian terrorist killed 19 passengers when he detonated a bomb on a bus in Jerusalem.
2004: Bernard J. Wohl, Executive Director of the
addresses the 20th annual conference of the “International Federation of Settlements and Goddard Riverside
Community Center ”
in Neighborhood Centers . "You
can’t just focus on your own agency. You need to work with other agencies to
affect change because all the agencies are experiencing the same problems to
different extents. When agencies get together, the city listens much more to
them. Community is about doing things together." Toronto
2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Betraying Spinoza by Rebecca Goldstein and recently released paperback editions of 109 East Palace: Robert Oppenheimer and the Secret City of Los Alamos by Jennet Coant, American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer by Kai Bird and Martin Sherman and The Boy Who Loved Anne Frank by Ellen Feldman
2006: Student groups at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee rallied today calling for the prosecution of a local man who claims to be a former Waffen-SS officer and announced last week that he planned to set up a public shrine in his backyard to commemorate the life of Adolf Hitler.
2006: Ronald S. Lauder purchased the painting Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I by Gustav Klimt for $135 million from Maria Altman.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Adele_Bloch-Bauer_I
2007: Funeral services were held at Am Shalom, in Glencoe, Illinois for Shirlee Mages, of blessed memory.
2007: Newsweek magazine features an article by Robert W. Morgenthau and Frank Tuerkheimer entitled “From Midway to the
How a victory in the Pacific 65 years ago helped defeat Hitler and found .” The
article includes the information that “just after the fall of Tobruk, an SS
killing squad…was created to operate behind Rommel’s front line…for the express
purpose of killing Jews in occupied territory.”
Had Rommel been successful that occupied territory would have included Israel and the Jews of
the Yishuv. Palestine
2007: In the “Verbatim” section Time magazine featured the following quote by Rutka Laskier, “'If only I could say, It's over, you only die once ... but I can't, because despite all these atrocities, I want to live, and wait for the following day.'” Rutka Laskier has been described as the Polish Anne Frank. Like Frank, she wrote a Holocaust-era diary, at the age of 14. Like Frank, Laskier perished during the Holocaust. Apparently, the Nazis killed her at
2007: Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz squares off in a friendly dispute with Michael Steinhardt at the annual dinner of the Aleph Society in
. New York City
2007: On the secular calendar, the fifteenth anniversary of the death of Mordecai Ardon. It happens to fall on the 2nd of Tammuz which is appropriate since one of his works was called “Tammuz.”
2008: As the waters recede from the 500 Year Flood of 2008, The Cedar Rapids Gazette reported that Smulekoff's, one of the oldest businesses in downtown Cedar Rapids, said it will be opening in temporary quarters and plans to rebuild its landmark store at 97 Third Ave. SE. Ann Lipsky, president of Smulekoff's Home Store, told managers that the 119-year-old business will be reopening in the near term at its warehouse, 411 Sixth Ave. SE. The warehouse received a small amount of water in the basement where no merchandise was stored. Smulekoff's has been in downtown
when it was established by Henry Smulekoff on May's Cedar Rapids Island.
The store moved to the current location of Wells Fargo Bank on Third Avenue SW
during the flood of 1929 and was located at 97 Third Ave. SE during the flood of
1993."In all that time, the devastation has never been as bad as the
current situation," Lipsky said. "We will come back and continue to
provide the area with fine home furnishings, floor coverings and more."
2008: UNICEF met with officials of Adalah, a coalition of pro-Palestinian groups to inform them that the agency would no longer have any relationship with Lev Leviev, an Orthodox Jewish diamond mogul who has financed construction projects in the
2008: The Jewish Film Festival of Croatia host a first time one day event in
2009: In Deal New Jersey, Avi Hoffman opens a three night run of "Too Jewish?", "Too Jewish, Too" and “Still Jewish After All These Years: A Life in the Theater” at the Axelrod Performing Arts Center.
2009: David Adjmi makes his professional New York theater debut when his play “Stunning” opens at the Duke on 42nd Street today. “Stunning” is set in the Syrian-Jewish enclave where Mr. Adjmi grew up, has been rewritten many times during previews this month. “Stunning” is a three-act play about the relationship between a Syrian-Jewish couple in present-day Midwood and their black housekeeper. Lily and Ike Schwecky (Cristin Milioti and Danny Mastrogiorgio) are married, though Lily is 16, and Ike is much older and coarser. They have a complicated relationship with Blanche Nesbitt (Charlayne Woodard), their seemingly overqualified live-in housekeeper. “Stunning” is the second production of the Lincoln Center Theater’s LCT3 programming initiative, which is intended to bring new artists and new audiences to Lincoln Center. Paige Evans, director of LCT3, said she was struck by the intensity and ambition of Mr. Adjmi’s voice, and said Lincoln Center hoped to have “an ongoing relationship” with Mr. Adjmi.
2009: Espousing a dream of harmony that may stretch credibility among even the most fervent believers in dialogue among the great religions, clerics in Jerusalem launched a project today aimed at finding a way to share the city's holiest, and most fought over, site. Even the Jewish religious scholar promoting it acknowledges it might need divine intervention before a peaceful remapping of the area where Muslims built the 7th century Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque on the site of the biblical Jewish Temple. "We offer this vision for a long and deep discussion, and of course want to continue with a parallel research from other religions," said Yoav Frankel, director of the project promoting a vision of "God's Holy Mountain" (www.godsholymountain.org). Invitations to Thursday's launch conference depict a sunlit imagined future for the area Jews call Temple Mount. Happy Muslims and harp-playing Jews mingle between the Dome of the Rock and a new Temple, as Christians walk over from the nearby Sepulchre Church, traditional site of Jesus's resurrection. The project, headed by Jewish members of the Interfaith Encounter Association (www.interfaith-encounter.org) encourages all three faiths to re-examine the complex and perhaps foster a new theological outlook, making room for all to worship there. But Frankel conceded it may take more than debate of Jewish law, or halacha, to alter centuries of tradition in favor of a compromise by which Jews would agree to build a temple nearby, not in the spot traditionally regarded as the correct site -- right where the Dome has stood since the 7th century. "Regular halachic discussion will not be powerful enough," Frankel said, referring to the need for a "holy revelation" to make such a shift possible in Jewish tradition. Known to Arabs as the Haram al-Sharif, or Noble Sanctuary, and also respected by Christians and Jews who believe that the Dome covers a rock where Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son to God, the compound in Jerusalem's Old City has been the cause of bloodshed, from ancient times to today. It still lies at the heart of Israeli-Palestinian conflict and sovereignty over the holy sites remains a sticking point in international efforts to draft a final peace settlement. Not even all members of the interfaith group, which is dedicated to religious coexistence, favor the new project, which does not address political issues of whether Israel or Palestinians -- or both, or neither -- should control the city. Muslim cleric Abdullah Darweesh, who was to speak at the official project launch on Thursday, said all "holy Christian and Islamic sites should be under Arab sovereignty." Islam teaches that Mohammad rose to heaven from the rock under the Dome. Muslim clerics who run the compound have been wary of Jewish encroachment into the site since Israel captured the Old City and the rest of Arab East Jerusalem in a 1967 war. Since the Second Temple was destroyed under Roman rule in AD 70, Jews have prayed at the Western Wall, part of the ruins. Many Orthodox Jews believe they must not set foot on the Temple Mount itself for fear of treading on the now unknown site of the inner sanctum. Some groups, however, call for Israel to seize the site and rebuild the temple, a step some believe would then herald the return of the Messiah and a time of world peace.
2010: The Elvis and 50's Rock'n'Roll Concert is scheduled to take place at midrechov Ben Yehuda in Jerusalem.
2010: Abbie Silber the lovely and multi-talented daughter of Dr. Bob and Laurie Silber provided a special musical interlude for Shabbat Services at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA. http://abbiesilber.com/default.aspx
2010(5th of Tamuz, 5770): George Brown, who survived the horrors of the Holocaust to become an eloquent voice sharing his family's tragedy with a new generation, suffered a heart attack and passed away at the age of 81. “He spent several years volunteering with the Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles to retell his family's harrowing experience. His parents, two brothers and sister all died in the Holocaust. As World War II neared its end, Brown's father made him promise to tell people what had happened. "The story of horror that he told, the endless grief and pain that never left him for half a second did not prevent him from seeing good in people and giving hope to others," said Liebe Geft, Museum of Tolerance director. Brown spoke to schools and religious groups and traveled to several states, his daughter said. Holocaust survivors volunteer at the Museum of Tolerance to share their memories, and video conferencing is used with non-local groups. He was born Gyorgy Braun on Feb. 12, 1929, in Mateszalka, Hungary, the youngest of four children to Moritz and Matild Braun. He was 15 when Germany invaded his country in March 1944, and his family was forever changed. That May, they were given 30 minutes to pack before being sent with other Jews to a ghetto, where they had to share one bedroom with two other families. In June, they were shipped to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland."Auschwitz didn't have sunshine. The sky was full of ashes," he told the Wenatchee (Wash.) World in 1995. "There were no birds, no butterflies. Only death." In his speeches, Brown recounted in chilling detail what happened to his family. His mother and his sister, Lili, were separated from the rest of the family. His mother died at Auschwitz-Birkenau. His sister was killed in Poland. Brown, his father and brothers were sent to a labor camp in Wolsberg, Poland. After a hospital stay because of frostbite, his brothers were sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. Bela died in a British bombing raid. Erno was freed but captured by Russians because soldiers thought he was a German prisoner. He did not survive. In early 1945, with Russian troops closing in, the labor camp was evacuated. Brown, his father and the others there were forced to walk miles to reach trains taking them to the Ebensee concentration camp in Austria. His father started sharing his meager food with his son, hoping to keep him alive. In March 1945, his father was sent to the camp's hospital. He died later that month. Brown was freed in May by American soldiers he called "my angels." After the war, Brown lived briefly in a camp for displaced people before going to Canada. He was working in Toronto in 1950 when he met Joan Ellison, who lived in Buffalo, N.Y. They married in 1951 and settled first in Buffalo, moving to Southern California in the early 1950s, his daughter said. Brown built a career first in the clothing industry and later with real estate investments, she said. His emotional talks about the Holocaust were "a way of honoring his father each and every time he had the opportunity to speak," Geft said. He also took part in the museum's Tools for Tolerance program for law enforcement and criminal justice professionals. Brown wrote about his family in "I Survived the Nazis Hell." In 2004, he told the Detroit News: "I tell [students] to be color blind and don't have hate .... Hate is what created the Holocaust." In addition to his daughter, Brown is survived by his wife, Joan; his son, Mark; five grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Services have been held.”
2011: Naama Shafir, an Israeli point guard and a player on the University of Toledo's women's basketball team who normally wears a T-shirt under her jersey for modesty reasons, will not be playing in a European basketball tournament scheduled to start today because FIBA Europe-- the Munich-based organization that governs basketball in Europe -- decided to stick with its usual policy: All players must wear the same uniform.
2011: Erika Brooks Adickman is scheduled to host “Troop Beverly Hills: The Experience” at the Historic Sixth & I Synagogue in Washington, DC.
2011: A wildfire raging in the Golan today was under control by late afternoon. The fire erupted this morning near Moshav Had Nes in the southern Golan Heights. Route 888, which had been closed while workers battled the blazed, was reopened to traffic and hikers were told they could return to the area.. Fifteen fire-fighting trucks and two fire-extinguishing planes arrived on scene Saturday morning to battle the blaze. Route 888 was closed to traffic, and hikers and visitors in the area were ordered to evacuate immediately. As an added precaution, several dozen visitors were also asked to evacuate from the nearby area of the Hexagon Pool.
2011(16th of Sivan, 5771): Morris Pollard, the 95 year old father of Jonathan Pollard, passed away today. Pollard was an internationally recognized prostate cancer researcher who was professor emeritus of biological sciences at Notre Dame University
2011(16th of Sivan, 5771): Eighty-eight year old Elena Boner, the Soviet dissident and human-rights campaigner who endured banishment and exile along with her husband, the dissident nuclear physicist Andrei D. Sakharov, passed away today. Her father was an Armenia. Her mother, Ruth Bonner was a Jewess born in Siberia who disappeared into the Gulag in 1938.(As reported by Alessandra Stanley and Michael Schwirtz)
2012: The Partnership for Jewish Life and Learning is scheduled to have its annual meeting at Ohr Kodesh in Chevy Chase, MD.
2012: Israeli cellist Yoed Nir is scheduled to appear with Judy Collins at the Metropolitan Museum of Art-PBS Show.
2012: On the Civil Calendar, 20th anniversary of the death of Michael Ardon.
Copyright; June, 2012; Mitchell A. Levin email@example.com