JUNE 14 In Jewish History
1287: Kublai Khan defeated the force of Nayan and other traditionalist Borjigin princes in East Mongolia and Manchuria. It is quite possible that there were Jewish soldiers serving under the great Mongol warrior who became Emperor of China. According to Marco Polo, Kubla Kahn celebrated the festivals of the Jews as well as those of the Muslims and Christians, indicating that a Jewish community existed that could make itself felt at the highest level of the Empire.
1514: Azemmour, a city in Morocco, offered privileges to Jews fleeing from Portugal.
1656: Directors of the Dutch West India Company sent a strong letter to Peter Stuyvesant in
New Amsterdam ordering him to
give "more respect" to the "Jews or Portuguese people" in
his city. A principle shareholder in the company, a Jew named Joseph d'Acosta
had assisted in obtaining this statement.
1796: French forces attacked
Frankfurt. An artillery barrage aimed at the Austrian
arsenal next to the ghetto struck the Judengasse instead. The subsequent fired burned so much of the
ghetto that 2,000 of its inhabitants were left homeless. This forced the city’s senate to suspend the
decree forbidding Jews from living elsewhere in the city. The fire effectively marked the end of the
Jewish Ghetto in Frankfurt.
1798(30th of Sivan, 5558): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1799(11th of Sivan, 5569): The avoidance of massacre when the French forces withdrew gave rise to the annual observance of Purim Ubrino
1821(14th of Sivan, 5581): Chaim Volozhin (Chaim ben Yitzchok of Volozhin), author of Nefesh Ha-Chaim passed away. Born in 1749, he studied with the Vilna Gaon before establishing the Volozhin Yeshiva in 1803 in which he applied the methods of his famous master. The Yesshiva outlived its creator, remaining open for 90 years.
1868: Birthdate of Karl Landsteiner, the Austrian born American physician who received the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his work on differentiating the blood groups in 1930.
1874: “The Mystery of Metz: An Old Cause Célèbre” an article published today described the blood libel which took place at that ancient German city in 1669. According to the author, who described the event in great detail, this was an example of another groundless attack that Jews had to suffer during the Middle Ages.
1880: Mortiz Hartman, an official of the Simon Benevolent Association went to the morgue in New York and asked for the body of a young Jewess named Kate Ungerleider who had died of whooping cough. Hartman and Louis Davis took the body of the child that had been given to them and brought it to the Bay Ridge Cemetery where they turned it over to the wife of the cemetery caretaker so that she could wash it and prepare it for burial according to Jewish law. The woman took the body into her house and immediately came back out telling the men that the body was that of a Christian boy. They interred the remains in a temporary grave and returned to the morgue in search of Kate’s body. When no action was taken, Hartman went to the Commissioner of Charities and Corrections who instituted a successful search for the body. This was the third known instances of such errors in the last six weeks. The officials returned to the Bay Ridge Cemetery and interred it there in accordance with Jewish law.
1880(5th of Tammuz, 5640) A 32 year old tailor named Maurice Moses Heineltrop took his own life today after Seligman & May refused to pay him for a batch of waistcoats he had made for them. Heineltrop’s sense of desperation stemmed from the fact that he employed 16 men and he would not be able to pay them for their work.
1880: It was reported today that Professor Grazidadio Ascoli,the chairman of comparative philology at the Accademia Scientifico-Litteraria of Milan is scheduled “to publish his essay on the Hebrew inscriptions at Venosa, in Calabria. These seem to be the earliest Hebrew inscriptions found in Europe…” [This may be reference to the inscriptions in Hebrew, Greek and Latin found in Jewish catacombs that date from the 4th and 5th centuries of the Common Era.
1881: Based on a Reuter’s dispatch from St. Petersburg, it was reported today that peasants living in a village in the district of Kiev have paid 800 rubles to the Jews as compensation “for the sufferings they have undergone.
1882: In New Orleans, Miss Jessie Green and Isaac Feitel. Born an Episcopalian, she converted before her marriage. The couple had previously been married in a civil ceremony. Today’s wedding was performed by a local rabbi.
1884: It was reported today that a half shekel coin from the time of Simon Maccabeus was sold for $10.25 at an auction conducted this week to dispose of rare coins held by Thomas Warner, a member of the American Numismatic Society. The price compares favorably when you consider that the rarest coin in the collection sold for 25 dollars. The half shekel had a chalice of manna with a Hebrew inscription on one side and a render of a triple lily or Aaron’s Rod on the other side.
1885(1st of Tammuz, 5645): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1885: In a demonstration of the impact of Jewish culture on Western civilization Dr. A.P. Peabody chose the words from Nehemiah “Then I consulted with myself” as the text for the Baccalaureate sermon at Harvard. “He could not, he said think of any more appropriate basis for his remarks than these words of the foremost figure in Hebrew history from the time of Moses to the time of Christ.” [Yes, at Harvard, Jesus was apparently considered to be Jewish]
1888: James H. Hoffman and H.M. Leipziger addressed the more than four hundred attendees at the fourth annual exhibition sponsored by the Hebrew Technical Institute located on Stuyvesant Street. The exhibition gave the supporters of the school a chance to examine the projects and accomplishments of the 78 youngsters attending the school.
1897: When the British steamship Scot arrived at the Island of Madeira off the west coast of Morocco, it was announced that Barney Barnato, the South African “diamond king” had committed suicide by jumping overboard.
1900: Hawaii was organized as a territory of the United States. There were approximately four hundred Jews living in
at this time. A German Jew named Paul
Neumann had served as an advisor to the last King of Hawaii. In 1899, the first Jew born in Honolulu was married in Hawaii . The first synagogue would be established in
1901(27th of Sivan, 5661): Frederick Knefler passed away. A native of Hungary, Knefler settled in Indiana where he worked as a carpenter before becoming a lawyer. When the Civil War broke out, Knefler enlisted in the 11th Indiana Infantry under the command of his friend Lew Wallace. He served with the Union Army in the west fighting in a series of battles including Stones River, Chickamauga, and Missionary Ridge. He then played a leading role in Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign where he commanded a brigade. His finest moment may have come at the Battle of Franklin where is bravery earned him the rank of Brevet Brigadier General making him one of the highest ranking Jewish officers to serve during the war. After the war, he returned to Indianapolis where he practiced law, worked for the government and devoted his spare time to veterans’ affairs.
1903: Macedonians attacked the Jewish quarter of Sophia, Bulgaria.
1904(1st of Tammuz, 5664): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1904: Birthdate of Margaret Bourke-White, whose father was from an Orthodox Jewish family and whose mother was Irish. For those who grew up in a world of hand-held video cams, satellite communications and cable network news, it is hard to appreciate the important role played photographers and photo-journalists like Bourke-White. Her photos filled the pages of such publications as Life Magazine, which brought the world of natural disasters, war and high fashion to
1905: Sailors aboard the Russian Warship Potemkin mutiny. These events will provide the material for Battleship Potyomkin, a 1925 silent film classic directed by Sergei Eisenstein
1906: Start of three days of anti-Jewish violence known as the Bialystok Pogrom. The violence began when “two Christian processions took place; a Catholic one through the market square celebrating Corpus Christi and an Orthodox one through Białystok’s New Town celebrating the founding of a cathedral. The Orthodox procession was followed by a unit of soldiers. A bomb was thrown at the Catholic procession and shots were fired at the Orthodox procession. A watchman of a local school, Stanislaw Milyusski, and three women Anna Demidyuk, Aleksandra Minkovskaya and Maria Kommisaryuk, were wounded. These incidents constituted signals for the beginning of the pogrom. Witnesses reported that simultaneously with the shots someone shouted “Beat the Jews!” Once the shots were fired, the violence began immediately. Mobs of thugs, including members of the Black Hundreds, began looting Jewish owned stores and apartments on Nova-Linsk Street. Policemen and soldiers who had earlier followed the Orthodox procession either allowed the violence to happen or participated in it themselves. The first day of the pogrom was chaotic. While units of the Czarist army, brought to Białystok by Russian authorities, exchanged fire with Jewish paramilitary groups, thugs armed with knives and crowbars dispersed throughout the main areas of the city to continue the pogrom. Some Jewish sections of the city were protected by self-defense units, usually organized by the labor parties, which moved against the thugs and looters. They were in turn fired upon by Czarist dragoons. Thanks to the Jewish self-defense units several working class sections of the city were spared the violence and thousands of lives were saved.”
1907: Jacob Weinberger married Blanche Solomon. Blanche was the daughter of I.E. and Anna Solomon one of the earliest and most successful Jewish families to settle in the Arizona Territory
1909: The Order of Brith Abraham held its Golden Jubilee dinner at the New Star Casino in New York. The dinner was attended by 2,000 guests including several notables the most important of which was the District Attorney Jerome who was the featured speaker for the evening.
1909: Rabbi Judah Magnes addressed the Zionist convention being held at the Terrace Garden. Pointing to the changes that had come about in the Ottoman Empire due to the recent Turkish revolution Magnes urged the Jews to “work for an autonomous state under Turkish suzerainty rather than an independent government.”
1912: Educator and advocate for social change, Julia Richman arrives in
following an ocean crossing on the Victoria Louise and is taken to the American
hospital where she was immediately operated on for appendicitis. France
1919: Birthdate of Gene Barry. Born Eugene Klass in Brooklyn, New York, Barry went on to a long, commercially successful career in film and television. He often played suave, sophisticated types whose voices never betrayed even a bit of Brooklyn. Barry played a starring role in the 1950’s version of War of the Worlds.
1920: Birthdate of Dr. Arnall Patzin an ophthalmologist whose research upset medical convention but ended up saving countless babies from blindness. He was born in rural Elberton, Ga., the youngest of seven children. His father, an immigrant from Lithuania, was a peddler who insisted on maintaining Jewish customs in Elberton, where his was the only Jewish family. He passed away in 2010 at the age of 89.
1921: During a speech in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill, who had just returned from a visit to the Middle East, praises the accomplishments of the Zionist settlers and describes how the Arabs have benefited from their efforts. He denounced as “disgraceful” any action of the British government that would such progress to “fanatical attacks” by outsiders.
1921: During a debate on Palestine, Lord Winterton “warned Churchill that once you begin to buy land for the purpose of settling Jewish cultivators you will find yourself up against the hereditary antipathy which exists all over world to the Jewish race.” It would seem that from the earliest days, there was a direct connection between being anti-Zionist and anti-Semitic.
1934(1st of Tamuz, 5694): Rosh Chodesh Tamuz
1934: A Nuremberg court sentenced a non-Jewish wife of a Jew to four months in prison as a ‘race-defiling female.'
1934: Hitler met with Mussolini for the first time. Hitler was the junior partner at this first meeting. As the thirties progressed the roles would be reversed and Mussolini would shift his policies to satisfy the Nazi dictator.
1934: With a Star of David on his boxing shorts, Max Baer KO'd Primo Carnera in 11rounds to win the World Heavyweight Championship. However, Baer’s Jewish persona was considered to be more of a box office thing than a religious reality. Born in 1909 in
his mother was Scotch-Irish and his father was described as "only
nominally Jewish." Baer himself married a Catholic and did not take part
in Jewish activities. Nebraska
1936: Birthdate of Avraham Shochat, the Tel Aviv native, who helped found the city Arad and has served as an MK and held several cabinet posts.
1936: The Palestine Post reported that once more the
settlements of Kfar Yehezkel and
Tel Yosef were singled out for concentrated Arab attacks. The settlement of
Sejera in Jezreel Valley Lower Galilee suffered its stormiest
night ‚ grain and cornfields were set on fire and over 250 old olive trees were
cut down. After all Arab train passengers left a train at Kalkilya, a bomb
thrown inside one of the coaches injured 18 Jews near Tulkarm.
1936: In attacks in and around Jerusalem today Arabs wounded five Jewish truck and bus drivers as well as an additional number of and workers, two of whom are in a serious condition. Only recently, in the same vicinity, Jewish travelers were killed in similar attacks.
1937: Chaim Weizmann wrote to Winston Churchill thanking him for the support he had given to Zionist cause by trying to convince Colonial Secretary William Ormsby-Gore that the Southern part of
should not be incorporated into any future Arab state that would be set up in Palestine . Palestine
1938: All Jewish businesses that have not already been registered and marked must now comply with the Reich requirement
Auschwitz was opened. Approximately 2.5
million people were killed and another 500,000 died of starvation and disease
there. The first inmates, included teachers, priests, and other non-Jewish
1940: Artist Jan Komskiwas in the first group of about 750 prisoners assigned to Auschwitz, in southern Poland, on the day it opened. His number, 564, was tattooed on his forearm.
1940: German Forces entered Paris. At the time
housed 300,000 Jews. Ernst
Weiss, noted novelist and German-Jewish refugee who was living in France commits suicide. Paris
1941: Etty Hillesum, a student at
treatment of Dutch Jews by the Nazis.
“More arrests, more terror, concentration camps, the arbitrary dragging
of fathers, sisters, brothers.
Everything seems so menacing and ominous, and always that feel of total
1941: As the Final Solution came into full fury, 400 Jews were deported from Estonia.
1941: In the Netherlands, based on a decree by the German occupiers, today was the last day on which doctorate degrees could be issued to Jews. Physicist Albert Pais, who had completed his doctoral work on June 9, was the last Jew to earn a doctorate in the Netherlands until World War II came to an end.
1942: Anne Frank begins to keep a diary
1942: Two thousand Jews break out of
1944: Two thousand Jews are deported from
to Corfu, Greece Auschwitz.
1944(23rd of Sivan, 5704): Leon Sakkis was killed by German machine-gun fire while aiding a wounded comrade in Thessaly, Greece. Sakkis was part of a group of Jewish resistance fighters, who along with other partisans were working to keep the Germans from enjoying the “fruits” of the harvest taking place in Greece.
1945: In London, Randolph Churchill, Winston Churchill’s son, tells Chaim Weizman that he ‘had tried to save 115 Jews in Yugoslavia; he has save 112, but 3 had perished.’ In 1944 Randolph Churchill had parachuted behind German lines to worth Marshall Tito and his Yugoslav partisans in the fight against the Nazis. As part of that mission, young
worked to have
Palestinian Jews parachuted into Randolph Europe to help
the partisans and to try and rescue the Jews who had not gone to the Death
1946: Bernard Baruch - widely seen by many scientists and some members of Truman's administration as unqualified for the task - presented his Baruch Plan, a modified version of the Acheson-Lilienthal plan, to the UNAEC, which proposed international control of then-new atomic energy. The Soviet Union rejected Baruch's proposal as unfair given the fact that the U.S. already had nuclear weapons, instead proposing that the U.S. eliminate its nuclear weapons before a system of controls and inspections was implemented. A stalemate ensued.
1948(7th of Sivan, 5708): Second Day of Shavuot
1950: An Israeli army spokesman denied Jordanian charges that Arabs who had infiltrated Israel “had been mistreated while being returned across the frontier” to Jordan. What the Jordanians have not explained is why the Hashemites allow their Kingdom to be used as base for those who want to enter Israel with the intention to attack the Jewish population.
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Mapai won eight of 11 seats in Migdal Gad's first municipal council elections. Hapoel Hamizrahi won two and Mapam one. While there were 1,973 eligible voters, only 1,543 actually voted. Nine additional clothing points and 11 shoe points were released for the month of July. The Kaiser-Frazer plant in Haifa which was hailed as a model of American production efficiency assembled the first cars for sale in Israel.
1952: Birthdate of Leon Wieseltier, editor of The New Republic and the author of “Kaddish” one of the finest books of its kind which Theodore Bikel did a marvelous job of recording.
1952: The keel is laid for the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus. This was a major milestone in the creation of America’s ace-in-the-hole in the Cold War – the fleet of nuclear attack submarines against which the Soviets never did develop an effective defense. Admiral Hyman Rickover, who suffered his share of anti-Semitism in the Navy, was the father of the nuclear Navy and the submarine fleet.
1953(1st of Tammuz, 5713): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
1953: One hundred and eight bachelor’s degrees were awarded during the commencement ceremony at Brandeis University. It was the newly created school’s second commencement ceremony. Rabbi Louis Ginzberg, Professor of Talmud and Rabbinics at JTS and George Alpert, Chairman of the Brandeis Board of Trustees received honorary degrees during the ceremony.
1954: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words “under God" to the United States’ Pledge of Allegiance. Despite its apparent invocation of the divinity, this insertion did not evoke a storm of protest in the name of separation of church and state. Everybody knew that this was a political statement, not a religious one. At the height of the Cold War, it was a line in the stand between the West and the forces of “mindless, godless Communism.
1958: Birthdate of Wafa Sultan a Syrian born American author and critic of Muslim society and Islam who trained as a psychiatrist in Syria. Following one of her critiques of Moslem culture in which she said "no Jew has blown himself up in a German restaurant" the American Jewish Congress invited her to visit Jerusalem.
1967(6th of Sivan, 5727): First Day of Shavuot
1967(6th of Sivan, 5727): On the First Day of Shavuot an estimated 200,000 gathered in and around the Wall to celebrate the first major festival following the reunification of Jerusalem. When Teddy Kollek appeared at the Wall he was hailed “as the first Mayor of Greater Jerusalem.”
1967: A contingent of Mossad agents that had fanned out across the
Bank to meet with members of the Palestinian elite immediately
following the Six Day War submitted their classified report to the head of
Military Intelligence. It argued that an independent Palestinian state should
be established as quickly as possible in the West Bank
and Gaza Strip, "under the auspices" of the Israel Defense Forces and
"in agreement with the Palestinian leadership." They suggested that
the borders of the Palestinian state be based on the 1949 armistice lines that
had served as the border until earlier that month, with some minor adjustments.
"In order to enable an honorable agreement," the document continued, should
"take upon itself the initiative to solve the [refugee] problem once and
for all" by organizing an international effort to resettle them in the new
Palestinian state. Israel
1972: Martin Dies, former member of the House of Representatives from Texas passed away and Chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee. A man of considerable influence in his day, Dies was a red- baiting reactionary who, among other things, was an anti-Semite.
1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that Ephraim Katzir became the first president of
to be entertained at the Israel by Queen Elizabeth of Windsor Castle . A British
naval vessel arrived in Haifa to purchase provisions for the Royal Navy in the
eastern Mediterranean. The British military attaché told the Post that " England is a friendly port" and was
therefore chosen. Such purchases have not been made in Haifa in the past. Haifa
1982: Israeli tanks cut off Muslim West Beirut, trapping leaders of the PLO,
TWA Flight 847 is hijacked by
Hezbollah. Long before 9/11, Moslem
fanatics were making war against the West.
Supported by Iran, Hezbollah splits its time between terrorist
activities aimed at Israel, trying to control Lebanon and making war against
1986(7th of Sivan, 5746): Composer Alan Jay Lerner passed away. In one of the many cultural ironies that are so much a part of the American scene, Lerner composed with fellow Jew to write “Camelot,” a musical about English king that became a Broadway and cinematic classic that was loved by JFK, the first American Catholic President.
1986(7th of Sivan, 5746): Second Day of Shavuot
1987: The annual International Israel Festival which began on May 18 is scheduled to come to an end today.
1997(9th of Sivan, 5757): Seventy-seven year old Jay Ziskin, the California psychologist and lawyer who was the father of movie producer Laura Ziskin passed away
1998: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Ghost Country” by Sara Paretsky
2005(7th of Sivan, 5765): Second Day of Shavuot
2004(25th of Sivan, 5764): Max J. Rosenberg, “an American film producer, whose film career stretched across six decades” passed away in Los Angeles at the age of 89. “He was particularly noted for his horror or supernatural films, and found much of his success while working in England. Rosenberg was born in the Bronx, New York. In 1945 he entered the film business by becoming a foreign film distributor. Although he primarily produced horror or supernatural films, his first film Rock, Rock, Rock (1956) was a musical. His partner in this film was Milton Subotsky, and the two would start the British company Amicus Productions in 1964. During his career he produced more than 50 films, on some of which he was not credited. Among the horror and supernatural films he produced were such titles as Tales from the Crypt (1972), The Land That Time Forgot (1975), and its sequel, The People That Time Forgot (1977). In 1957 he produced the first horror film in color, The Curse of Frankenstein. Rosenberg also produced a children's film, Lad, a Dog (1962), a pair of films based on the Doctor Who series, and director Richard Lester's first film, It's Trad, Dad! (1962). He was particularly proud to have produced the 1968 film of Harold Pinter’s The Birthday Party, starring Robert Shaw and directed by William Friedkin. He worked well into his 80s; his final film credit was 1997's Perdita Durango aka Dance With the Devil.
2006: Leaders of the largest Orthodox rabbinical organization in the U.S. have reached a compromise regarding overseas conversions with Chief Rabbi Shlomo Amar.
2007(28th of Sivan, 5767): Shirlee Mages, whose father owned a thriving Roosevelt Road restaurant in the 1930s and '40s and whose husband put his name on a sporting goods chain, died today at the age 88 “in her Gold Coast home of natural causes, said her daughter, Lili Ann Zisook. Mrs. Mages was the widow of Morrie Mages, a 1950s Chicago television staple who was often in the company of the late broadcaster Jack Brickhouse touting his sporting-goods stores through the sponsorship of a late-night movie called "Mages Playhouse." Morrie Mages and his family had a chain of 14 stores in the 1960s, but the business ran into hard times and was sold. That led Mrs. Mages to take a job managing the Pompian Shop, a ladies boutique on Michigan Avenue, her daughter said. "My mother was just a woman who did what she had to do," Zisook said. Morrie Mages subsequently rebounded with a smaller chain, anchored by a store at LaSalle and Ontario Streets. He died in 1988 at 72. Mrs. Mages, born Shirlee Gold, grew up in the Lawndale neighborhood. Her father, Meyer, owned Gold's Restaurant at 810 W. Roosevelt Rd. Gold's had a ballroom where many weddings were celebrated and future musical star Benny Goodman would sometimes play clarinet there, Zisook said. After her graduation from Marshall High School, Mrs. Mages attended Northwestern University before getting married in 1939. Always strong with numbers, she worked as a stock broker in the 1950s, her daughter said. In retirement, during which she wintered in Palm Springs, Calif., she was devoted to the mastery of canasta and mah jongg. Mrs. Mages survived bouts with breast and colon cancer and quadruple bypass surgery, her daughter said. "She was such a strong woman, not so much physically, but her mind," Zisook said. When her husband was alive, the couple organized the Morrie and Shirlee Mages Foundation, which provided sports equipment to needy youths. After his death, she led the charge to name a playground in Lincoln Park after her late husband.
2007: An exhibition entitled The Other Promised Land: Vacationing, Identity, and the Jewish-American Dream opens at the Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York.
2007: In a press release,
“the valuable and unique Nuremberg Mahzor of 1331 has been scanned and uploaded
to the Internet site of the Jewish National and University Library of the
Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Nuremberg Mahzor can be viewed at: http://jnul.huji.ac.il/dl/mss-pr/mahzor-nuremberg/ Hebrew
2008: Haaretz reported on the renewal of efforts by the state of Israel to bring the Ginzburg Collection from Russia to a permanent home in the Jewish state.
“The State of Israel plans to renew its efforts to retrieve the world's second-largest collection of ancient Jewish manuscripts from Russia. Various parties have been trying to bring the impressive Ginzburg collection to Israel for years. Now, they are hoping that renewed Russian-Israeli cooperation, primarily Israel's expected transfer of the Sergei building in Jerusalem to Russia, will enable the collection to be brought to Israel. The noble Russian-Jewish Ginzburg family acquired its collection over three generations, beginning in the 1840s. The collection includes 14,000 books, 45 incunabula (books published in the 14th century at the start of the printing era), more than 2,000 Hebrew manuscripts and 1,000 Arabic manuscripts. It is considered the second largest collection of antique Jewish literature in the world, after the Bodleian Library in Oxford.
Baron David Ginzburg, the last of the collectors, died in 1910. After his death, Zionist activists, including Eliezer Ben Yehuda, began trying to bring the collection to the land of Israel. In May 1917, the National Library in Jerusalem signed a contract with parties in Russia to buy the collection for half a million rubles. The acquisition was funded by donations from Russian Zionists, and when the money was delivered, the books and manuscripts were packed into crates to be delivered. But the shipment was delayed by World War I, and when the Bolshevik Revolution broke out, the Soviet authorities seized the books and sent them to the Lenin Library in Moscow. Over the years, prominent Jews, including Albert Einstein, Israel's first president, Chaim Weizmann, and Foreign Ministry officials, tried to bring the Ginzburg collection to Israel, but their efforts were rejected. Now the heads of the Jewish National and University Library (Israel's official national library, which is located in Jerusalem), including director general Shmuel Har Noy and board chairman David Blumberg, are trying to put the matter on the public agenda.
The issue is being revisited mainly because of the advanced talks on the Sergei building, which was built circa 1890 adjacent to the Russian Compound. It was named for Prince Sergei, heir to Czar Nicholas II, who was executed by the Bolshevik revolutionaries. The building served as a hostel for Russian pilgrims to the holy land, and currently houses the offices of the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel and the Agriculture Ministry. The Russian government is demanding ownership of the building, and the negotiations are nearing completion, to the Russians' satisfaction. Meanwhile, Har Noy and Blumberg have demanded of Foreign Ministry Director General Aaron Abramovich that the same principle apply to the Ginzburg collection - that the ministry demand the Ginzburg collection in exchange for the Sergei building. The ministry does not believe Russia will accede to this demand, but intends to try to retrieve the collection in any case. In the 1990s, the Russians photographed a large part of the manuscripts and books in the collection and allowed scholars to study them, apparently in order to quiet the issue. The Lenin Library even built a splendid building in Moscow to preserve the collection. "If the state is returning property to the Russian government, there is no reason that something we have proof that Russian Zionists purchased should not be returned to the state," said Har Noy.
The Foreign Ministry responded, "The ministry received the request concerning Baron Ginzburg's book collection, and the issue is under examination. In the coming days, Foreign Ministry officials will be meeting with representatives of the National Library in order to receive the data and documents on the matter." The Ginzburg collection includes a translation of Dionysius Cato's "Moral Distichs," Yehuda ben Moshe Albotini's 1519 commentary on the Rambam's Mishneh Torah, a 1671 essay written by well-known kabbalist Shmuel ben Hiam Vital in Damascus, and one of the first six books printed in Hebrew, "Answers to Questions" by the Rashba, which was printed in Rome. The National Library heads wish to make the collection a major exhibition at the new National Library building slated for construction in Jerusalem.”
2009: Esther M. Sternberg, a doctor and the author of The Balance Within: The Science Connecting Health and Emotions, discusses and signs her new book Healing Spaces: The Science of Place and Well-Being at Politics and Prose, in Washington, D.C.
2009: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Rosenfeld’s Lives: Fame, Oblivion, and the Furies of Writing” by Steven J. Zipperstein and “The American Future: A History” by Simon Schama.
2009: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War by Benny Morris, Weimar Germany: Promise and Tragedy by Eric D. Weitz and Atmospheric Disturbances by Rivka Galchen.
2009: A Kassam rocket fired by Gaza terrorists hit the Ashkelon Beach region this afternoon. No one was wounded and no damage was reported. The attack came hours after an explosive device was detonated near IDF troops patrolling the Gaza border fence. None of the soldiers were wounded in the Sunday morning incident and no damage was reported. The bomb attack came hours after the IAF struck two smuggling tunnels in the southern Gaza Strip.
2010: The long history and deep roots of Jews in the Tar Heel state are coming to life in an ambitious new multimedia project that is scheduled to begin today with an exhibit at the North Carolina Museum of History in Raleigh. “Down Home,” which encompasses a slickly produced documentary film and handsomely illustrated coffee-table book, celebrates Jewish contributions to North Carolina social, civic and commercial life. But the project also aims to capture a nearly vanished way of life for Jews in the state’s mill and market towns, according to Leonard Rogoff, an organizer of the project and historian at the Jewish Heritage Foundation of North Carolina, which is producing “Down Home.” “Elderly Jews who lived the rural small-town experience are an endangered species,” said Rogoff, who also authored the companion book, “Down Home: Jewish Life in North Carolina” (University of North Carolina Press, 2010). “Synagogues have shuttered in cities like Tarboro and Lumberton. Smaller communities are expiring. We need to document them.” The project “tells an important part of our state’s story,” wrote Linda A. Carlisle, Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, in an e-mail to the Forward. “Jewish culture has helped shape North Carolina in its rural areas as well as its urban centers for centuries.” North Carolina’s state legislature kicked in $350,000 toward the project’s $1.25 million budget, according to Rogoff; the rest came from foundation grants and individual donations. The investment has paid off with research that “contributes new insights into Jews in the South,” Rogoff said. “Histories typically focus on the pre-Civil War era and German-Reform Jews as normative southerners. We’ve emphasized the East European experience in the New South as well, and it’s updated to include the Sunbelt.” Rogoff’s team at JHFNC is also creating classroom material for 4th- and 8th-grade “People of North Carolina” courses in the state’s public schools with talks about expanding the lessons “across all grades and disciplines,” he said. According to Rogoff, the “Down Home” project tells stories of Jews from Joachim Gans, who arrived on Roanoke Island on Sir Walter Raleigh’s expedition in 1585, to Jacob Henry, who in 1809 delivered a speech in defense of religious freedom after his right to serve in the state legislature was challenged. And it spotlights civil-rights era heroes like Harry Golden, publisher of the esteemed The Carolina Israelite newspaper, “known nationally for his civil-rights advocacy, delivered in a Lower East Side accent,” Rogoff said. In a folksier vein, the book, film, and exhibit highlight experiences of prominent, prosperous families like the clan of Eli Evans, whose own history provides one narrative thread of the “Down Home” project. Evans’s paternal grandfather was an immigrant peddler, his mother’s father a shopowner; his businessman father, Emanuel, became a wildly popular six-term mayor of Durham in the 1950s, and his mother Sara served on Hadassah’s national board for 40 years. Now a New Yorker, Evans himself went on to write what many consider the definitive history of southern Jews, “The Provincials” (University of North Carolina Press, 1973), which has continuously been in print for nearly three decades. “The story of the Jews is the untold story of the South,” said Evans, a onetime speechwriter for President Lyndon Baines Johnson who went on to run several charitable endowments, including the Carnegie Foundation. “The region has whatever image it has from whatever violence there was. But that’s not the story of the Jews. Ours is the story of successful integration and good relationships.” The Jewish experience in North Carolina was unique in the South, Evans said, because North Carolina was unique in the South. “We didn’t have a strong Klan in our state. We had a commitment to public education, a more moderate political atmosphere, and enlightened political leaders,” he said. “I’m not saying no antisemitism existed. But there was a philo-Semitism that manifested itself in many ways.” The exhibit itself, which will travel across North Carolina over the next year, uses artifacts and photos to recreate a series of “environments”: A synagogue sanctuary, dry-goods store, family Sabbath table, and a study based on Harry Golden’s Charlotte home. The 81-minute “Down Home” DVD documentary, (available through the JHFNC’s website), complements the museum show with a somewhat academic mix of archival footage, insightful interviews and unfortunately costumed re-enactments. While the exhibit’s partly intended to educate North Carolinians about their own history, Rogoff said he hopes “Down Home” might reach other Jews — especially from the Northeast. “All native southern Jews have humorous stories about meeting New Yorkers who cannot believe that Jews actually live in the South,” he said. “They associate a New York accent, not a southern drawl, with being Jewish. That’s a very old cliché. New Yorkers especially can be terribly parochial, and the famous Saul Steinberg cartoon of a terra incognita beyond the Hudson aptly illustrates their provincialism.” While it spends a lot of time looking back, the “Down Home” project also suggests a Jewish southern future that looks increasingly suburban and metropolitan. “Jews are finding opportunities in the hospitals, universities, research laboratories, and financial centers that have typified the development of the state’s post-industrial economy,” said Rogoff. “North Carolina is especially inviting for two-career couples where both are professionals. Newcomers who explore the local Jewish communities generally report finding warm welcomes, contrasting the neighborliness with what they found up north. You get a heckuva lot more house for the money, and the climate is a whole lot better.” But one area where Rogoff admitted the North may have an edge is bagels. “There isn’t much aside from the ubiquitous Bruegger’s,” he said. “Cary [near Raleigh] and Chapel Hill have independent bagel makers, but a really good deli and Jewish-style bakery are opportunities waiting to happen. “
2010: Israeli superstar David Broza is scheduled to perform at (Le) Poisson Rouge in New York.
2010(2nd of Tamuz, 5770): One of the Israeli police officers, Yehushua "Shuki" Sofer, who was shot in a terror attack on a patrol car this morning in the Hebron Hills area has succumbed to his wounds. “Sofer was rushed to Hadassah Ein Kerem Hospital in Jerusalem from the scene of the attack by Magen David Adom where he died from gunshot wounds to the chest approximately two hours after the attack. Sofer, 39, was a police veteran having served 19 years on the Hebron police force and resident of Beersheba His funeral will be held in the military section of Beersheva's old cemetary at 6 p.m. this evening. Two other police officers were injured in the attack, as they were driving northwards on Route 60 in the West Bank, south of the of settlement of Bet Hagai, in the Hebron Hills region. Public Security Minister Yitzhak Aharonovitch, who is currently in Romania, released a statement following the attack, saying, "Today we have seen that the relative quiet is deceitful and we cannot know when it will be broken. I send my condolences to the family of F.-Sgt. Shuki Sofer, and I hope the injured will recover swiftly." Ahronovitch added that the police, IDF and Shin Bet would "do everything to quickly capture those responsible for this terrorist attack."The shooter was likely a lone terrorist or a local cell operation on its own, without direction or backing from a larger group, IDF sources assessed.
2011: Rabbi Bernice K. Weiss, author of “Converting to Judaism - Choosing to be Chosen: Personal Stories” is scheduled to lead “Basic Judaism for Jews and Non-Jews Alike” a “7-part series that provides an overview of the Bible, Shabbat ritual and observances, how to observe kashrut and the Jewish laws of death and mourning” at the Historic 6th and I Synagogue in Washington, DC.
2011: The 8th Grade Graduation is scheduled to take place at the Hillel Day School of Metro Detroit.
2011: Flag Day is celebrated in the United States to mark the anniversary of the Continental Congress’ adoption an official flag. According to Dr. Gary Zola, the Stars and Stripes probably made their first appearance in American synagogues during the period surrounding the assassination of President Lincoln. This coincided with the Union victory that marked the end of the Civil War and a feeling of patriotism was running at full flood. Zola thinks, although he can offer no proof, that American flags appeared on the bima at Jewish houses of worship during the First World War, another period of patriotic fervor. Dr. Jonathan Sarna believes that the custom of displaying the flag in houses of worship – Jewish as well as Christian – dates back to the Spanish American War of 1898. This also was a period of great patriotic fervor, marking a popular war that enabled those of the North & South to join together in common cause. Regardless of when the flags first appeared, by the 1930’s they were a permanent ornamentation on the bimah, possibly as antidote to the simmering anti-Semitism that was part and parcel of the Great Depression.
2011: National Infrastructure Minister Uzi Landau instructed Noble Energy to develop the Noa North gas reserve in the Noa license after concerns that the field spilled over into Palestinian territory. Sources informed Globes that the final decision to develop the field came after operator Noble Energy convinced National Infrastructure Ministry experts that the field did not spill over into other parts of the reserve, which is partly under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority in the economic zone of the Gaza Strip. Up to now, Landau has refrained from ordering development of the Noa field, fearing that this would lead to diplomatic problems vis-à-vis the Palestinian Authority. Globes reported in the past that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu discussed the matter with President of the Palestinian Authority Mahmoud Abbas. A letter sent yesterday by recently appointed Petroleum Supervisor Michael Gardosh states that the total amount of gas that will be produced from the field is 1.2 billion cubic meters. This quantity should make up the shortfall in gas likely to arise if Egypt were to cut off supplies like it had done earlier this year, or if there is a delay in the supply of gas from the Tamar discovery.
2011: Actress Natalie Portman has given birth to a baby boy fathered by a choreographer she met while she filmed her Oscar-winning role in Black Swan, People magazine reported today. The report did not say where or when the birth took place, and there was no immediate comment from Portman's publicist. Portman, who turned 30 last weel, announced in December that she was pregnant and planned to marry her boyfriend, French ballet dancer and choreographer Benjamin Millepied. The two worked together on Black Swan, in which Portman played a self-mutilating ballerina. She won the Academy Award for her performance in February. The Israeli-born, New York-raised actress rose to fame playing the preteen protegee of a hitman in The Professional, and appeared in the Star Wars reboots as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia's mother. She was most recently in theaters with the romantic comedy No Strings Attached.
2011: Today brought strange weather to both the northern and southern regions of Israel. Meteorologists confirmed that the ash cloud from an Eritrean volcano had indeed reached Eilat, but authorities insisted there was no health danger to civilians and also that flights at both Eilat Airport and Ben-Gurion International Airport were running on schedule. In the north of the country, residents of the Golan and Galilee regions were surprised this morning to awake to rain, an extremely rare occurrence during the summer months. The precipitation was accompanied by increased winds. The winter weather is not expected to last for long, however. Tomorrow’s forecast is dry with an increase in temperatures -- which is back to normal for June.
2011: President Shimon Peres visited the Negev Beduin village of Hura today, praising the community as a prime example of Negev development. Peres received a warm welcome, and received the honorary title Sheikh Peres. The president mentioned the Goldberg report, compiled by retired Supreme Court Judge Eliezer Goldberg, which called for recognition of the various Beduin villages scattered throughout Israel's south, saying "the Beduin are not a problem, rather they are part of the Negev." Speaking about the village, Peres said "we need to take a successful thing and imitate it [in other communities]. Whoever is interested in solving the Beduin issue should come here. On the way here I saw the industrial center, I saw preparations for agricultural research and development, and the central street of Hura." Peres commended the great progress the community has made since he last visited six years earlier. The Hura Coucil head told the president that "we see your visit here with utmost importance. We, here, are in the Negev, in the periphery, and the Beduin population is right now in a transitory period from a simple life of social and economic stability to a modern life with slightly less stability." The council head added that the current "ten years are critical," saying that the Beduin, as a third of the South's population, must be an integral part of development or efforts will.
2011: Deputy Mayor of Economic and Housing Development and Brick City Development Corporation Chair Stefan Pryor, Manischewitz Company Co-CEOs Alain Bankier and Paul Bensabat, Chief Rabbi of Israel Yona Metzger, and BCDC CEO Lyneir Richardson, will cut the ribbon to open the new Corporate Headquarters and Plant for The Manischewitz Company,today, at 11 a.m. The facility is located at 80 Avenue K in the East Ward.
2012: Anouk Markovits, author of I Am Forbidden is scheduled to have a reading at McNally-Jackson on Prince Street in NYC.
2012: Mahler on the Couch is scheduled to complete it New York City theatrical run
2012: The Jewish Museum of Australia is scheduled to host the media preview of its newest permanent exhibition, “Calling Australia Home
Copyright; June, 2012; Mitchell A. Levin email@example.com